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A. Choose the most appropriate option.

1. The speed of light is


a. the same in all optical mediums
b. greater in air than in denser mediums
c. less in air than in denser mediums
d. not constant in any medium
2. Looking from vertically above, a coin under water appears to be
a. deeper than it actually is
b. less deep than it actually is
c. as deep as it actually is
d. on the surface of the water
3. A ray travelling from an optically dense medium to an optically rarer medium
a. bends towards the normal
b. is not deviated
c. bends away from the normal
d. is laterally dispersed
4. A defect in the human eye in which a person can clearly see objects near the eye but not objects far
away is
a. Astigmatism
b. presbyopia
c. myopia
d. hyperopia
5. A damaged optic nerve
a. can be repaired
b. causes vision loss which can be reversed
c. cannot be repaired
d. does not cause vision loss
B. Correct the following statements.
1. When light travels from a rarer to a denser medium, it moves away from the normal.
2. After refraction, a pond appears to be deeper than it actually is.
3. After refraction through a glass slab, a ray of white light is deviated and dispersed.
4. Hyperopia is the defect of the eye in which far objects cannot be seen clearly.
5. The only cause of blindness is a damaged eye lens.
C. Fill in the blanks.
1. The change of ____ of light when it goes from one medium into other causes it to bend.
2. Stars appear to twinkle because of atmospheric __________.
When light travels from an optically denser medium into a rarer medium, angle of
3.
refraction is _________ than the angle of incidence.
4. After refraction through a prism, a ray of white light is not only _______ but also _____.
5. The blind spot is the area on the ________ that does not have __________.

D. Answer the following.


1. Differentiate between a ray of light emerging from a glass slab and one emerging from a
prism.
2. a. Give the reason for white light to break up into its component colours when it passes
through a glass prism.
b. Referring to the extreme colours, say why the 7 colours always appear in that order.
c. What is a rainbow?
3. Differentiate between myopia and hyperopia and their corrections.