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You are on page 1of 8

is its volume? I then raise the

temperature to 350K and cut the volume

to 0.3 of its original measure. What is the

pressure?

Solution:

Part 1

PV = nRT

Therefore V=nRT

P

R = Universal Gas Constant =8.315 J/

(molK)

we have 2.00 moles.

V= (2)(8.315)(273)

1.013 x105

V= 0.0448 m3

Part 2

P1V1 P2V2

T1 T2

(1.013 x 105)(0.0448) = (P)(0.3)(0.0448)

273 350

summed up in one sentence. All matter is

made of atoms that are ALWAYS in

motion.

broken down into 4 postulates:

molecules (N) with a known mass

(m) moving in random directions at

any number of individual speeds.

2. The molecules are farther apart than

the radius of one atom.

3. The molecules are assumed to follow

the laws of classical mechanics

(velocity, momentum etc.)

4. The collisions that occur are elastic in

that they always bounce and do not

stick together.

concept is Boyle’s “Law”. If we cut the

volume in half, we cut the distance

between molecules in half, which means

twice as many molecules are hitting any

1 given area of a container, transferring

momentum onto the container by

bouncing off, thereby doubling the

pressure with the aid of run-on

sentences.

this and skipping the derivation in the

interest of expediency, we can sum this

up as

given group of particles, m is the mass of

any one molecule/atom, T is the

temperature in Kelvin, and k is a number

named Boltzmann’s Constant = 1.38 x

10-23 J/K.

Which means:

The average kinetic energy of

molecules in a gas is directly

proportional to the absolute

temperature.

Sample: 1

molecule of any gas at 310K?

Solution:

Average KE = (3/2)kT

=(3/2)(1.38x10-23)(310)

=6.42x10-21 J

Sample 2

MOLECULE of oxygen sealed in a

container at 310K?

Solution

of oxygen, 2 atoms. Each atom is made

of 16 elementary particles with an

average mass of 1.67x10-27 kg

already calculated the average KE @

310K.

Avg KE = (1/2)m(v2)

6.42x10-21=(1/2)(32)(1.67x10-23)(v2)

v2 = 24.0

v= 4.90 m/s

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