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‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺏ ﻴﻜﺘﺸﻔﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻁﺭﺓ‬

‫ﺒﻘﻠﻡ ﻤﺎﺭﺘﻥ ﺒﻴﻜﻔﻭﺭﺩ*‬

‫ﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‪) :‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺘﺭﻜﻨﺎ ﺃﻁﻔﺎﻻﹰ ﻟﻭﺤﺩﻫﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻭ ﺘﺭﺒﻭﺍ ﺒﺄﻨﻔﺴﻬﻡ ﻓﺴﻴﺅﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﷲ(‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﹶﺎلَ)‪ (١‬ﺭ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻭلُ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ‪ »:‬ﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﻤ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻟﹸﻭﺩ‪ ‬ﺇِﻻﱠ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺩ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻔ‪‬ﻁﹾﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪ ، ‬ﻓﹶﺄَﺒ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻩ‪‬‬
‫ﻴ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﺍﻨ‪‬ﻪ‪ ‬ﺃَﻭ‪ ‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﹶﺼ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺍﻨ‪‬ﻪ‪ ‬ﺃَﻭ‪ ‬ﻴ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﺎﻨ‪‬ﻪ‪ ،‬ﻜﹶﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺘﹸﻨﹾﺘﹶﺞ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﻬﹺﻴﻤ‪‬ﺔﹸ ﺒ‪‬ﻬﹺﻴﻤ‪‬ﺔﹰ ﺠ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻫ‪‬لْ ﺘﹸﺤ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ ‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻤ‪‬ﻥ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪‬؟« ﺜﹸﻡ‪ ‬ﻴ‪‬ﻘﹸﻭلُ ) ﻓ‪‬ﻁﹾﺭ‪‬ﺓﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﱠﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻓﹶﻁﹶﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻴ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻻﹶ ﺘﹶﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﻴلَ ﻟِﺨﹶﻠﹾﻕ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺫﹶﻟِﻙ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﹾﻘﹶﻴ‪‬ﻡ‪(٢) ( ‬‬
‫}ﻓﹶﺄَﻗ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﻙ‪ ‬ﻟِﻠﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥﹺ ﺤ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻁﹾﺭ‪‬ﺓﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﱠﺘ‪‬ﻲ ﻓﹶﻁﹶﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻴ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ﺘﹶﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﻴلَ ﻟِﺨﹶﻠﹾﻕ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺫﹶﻟِﻙ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺩ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﹾﻘﹶﻴ‪‬ﻡ‪‬‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﻟﹶﻜ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﺃَﻜﹾﺜﹶﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱﹺ ﻻ ﻴ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﻠﹶﻤ‪‬ﻭﻥ‪ (٣٠) ‬ﻤ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻴﺒﹺﻴﻥ‪ ‬ﺇِﻟﹶﻴ‪‬ﻪ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺘﱠﻘﹸﻭﻩ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺃَﻗ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻼﺓﹶ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﺘﹶﻜﹸﻭﻨﹸﻭﺍ ﻤ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‪‬ﺸﹾﺭﹺﻜ‪‬ﻴﻥ‪‬‬
‫)‪.{(٣١‬‬
‫ﻗﺎل ﺍﺒﻥ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻩ )ﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻡ ﻻﺒﻥ ﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺸﻘﻲ(‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪ :‬ﻓﺴﺩﺩ ﻭﺠﻬﻙ ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺸﺭﻋﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻙ‪ ،‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻨﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻤﻠﺔ ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻫﺩﺍﻙ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻙ ﻏﺎﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺎل‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﺕ ﻤﻊ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻓﻁﺭﺘﻙ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻓﻁﺭ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻨﻪ ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻁﺭ ﺨﻠﻘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻭﺘﻭﺤﻴﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻨﻪ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﻏﻴﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﻘﺩﻡ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪ } :‬ﻭ‪‬ﺃَﺸﹾﻬ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ ﺃَﻨﹾﻔﹸﺴ‪‬ﻬﹺﻡ‪ ‬ﺃَﻟﹶﺴ‪‬ﺕﹸ ﺒﹺﺭ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻜﹸﻡ‪ ‬ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹸﻭﺍ ﺒ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ { ]ﺍﻷﻋﺭﺍﻑ‪ ،[١٧٢ :‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‪" :‬ﺇﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺨﻠﻘﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ ﺤ‪‬ﻨﹶﻔﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺠﺘﺎﻟﺘﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ ﻋﻥ ﺩﻴﻨﻬﻡ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻤﻀﻤﻭﻥ ﻤﺎ ﻨﺸﺭﻩ ﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻐﺭﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺒﺤﺙ ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ ﻨﻭﻓﻤﺒﺭ ‪: ٢٠٠٨‬‬

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‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻐﺭﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬

‫ﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ ﻴﺘﻭﺼﻠﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻴﻭﻟﺩﻭﻥ ﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﷲ‬


‫"ﻴﻭﻟﺩ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺒﺎﷲ ﻭﻻ ﻴﻜﺘﺴﺒﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﻲ" ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺩﻴﻤﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺠﺎﺴﺘﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺕ )‪ ،(Dr Justin Barrett‬ﺒﺎﺤﺙ ﻤﺘﻘﺩﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﻋﻠﻡ ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﺃﻭﻜﺴﻔﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺒﻘﺔ ﻟﻺﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺒـ "ﻜﺎﺌﻥ‬
‫ﻤﺘﻔﻭﻕ" ﻷﻨﻬﻡ ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻜل ﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻕ ﻟﺴﺒﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﻴﻘﻭل ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ ﺇﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻟﻡ ﻴﺘﻡ ﺘﻠﻘﻴﻤﻬﻡ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﺒﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻫل‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻴﻀﻴﻑ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻨﺸﺄﻭ ﺒﻤﻔﺭﺩﻫﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻓﺴﻴﺘﻭﺼﻠﻭﻥ ﻟﻺﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺒﺎﷲ‪.‬‬
‫"ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﺘﺩﺨل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻘﻭل ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻤﺎ ﻅﻨﻨﺎ ﻤﺴﺒﻘﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻤﻥ ﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺫﻭ‬
‫ﻫﺩﻑ ﻭﻤﺼﻤﻡ ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﻜﺎﺌﻥ ﺫﻜﻲ ﻤﺴﺒﺏ ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ"‪ ،‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل ﻟﺭﺍﺩﻴﻭ ‪" BBC‬ﺍﺫﺍ ﺘﺭﻜﻨﺎ ﺃﻁﻔﺎﻻﹰ‬
‫ﻟﻭﺤﺩﻫﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ ﻭﺘﺭﺒﻭﺍ ﺒﺄﻨﻔﺴﻬﻡ ﻓﺴﻴﺅﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﷲ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻗﺎل ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺓ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻬﺩ ﻓﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ ﻜﺎﻤﺒﺭﺩﺝ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺕ ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻨﻔﺴﻲ ﺘﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺃﻁﻔﺎل ﻴﺅﻜﺩ ﺒﺄﻨﻬﻡ ﻭ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻓﺭﺩﻱ ﻴﺅﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻜل ﺸﻲﺀ ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻕ ﻟﺴﺒﺏ ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺘﻡ ﺴﺅﺍل ﺃﻁﻔﺎل ﺒﻌﻤﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻌﺔ ﻋﻥ ﺴﺒﺏ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻁﻴﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل‬
‫ﻓﺄﺠﺎﺒﻭﺍ "ﻻﺼﺩﺍﺭ ﺃﺼﻭﺍﺕ ﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ" ﻭ "ﻟﺘﺠﻌل ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﻴﺒﺩﻭ ﺠﻤﻴﻼ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻅﻬﺭ ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺁﺨﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻁﻔﺎل ﺒﻌﻤﺭ ‪ ١٢‬ﺒﺄﻨﻬﻡ ﺘﻔﺎﺠﺄﻭﺍ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺸﺎﻫﺩﻨﻬﻡ ﻟﻔﻴﻠﻡ ﻴﻅﻬﺭ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻤﺘﺩﺤﺭﺠﺔ ﺼﻨﻌﺕ ﺠﺩﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻤﻨﻅﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻜﻭﻤﺔ ﻗﻁﻊ ﻤﺒﻌﺜﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺕ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﺩﻟﻴل ﺁﺨﺭ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ‪-‬ﺤﺘﻰ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻊ ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‪-‬‬
‫ﻴﻔﻬﻤﻭﻥ ﺒﺄﻨﻪ ﻤﻊ ﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ ﻫﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻋﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻭﻴﻀﻴﻑ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﻌﻨﻲ ﺒﺄﻥ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻴﻤﻴﻠﻭﻥ ﻟﻼﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻠﻕ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﺒﻐﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻋﻤﺎ ﺴﻴﻘﻭﻟﻪ ﻟﻬﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻤﻭﻥ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫل‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺕ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﺩ ﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺃﻁﻔﺎل ﻴﺅﻤﻨﻭﻥ ﺒﺎﷲ ﻤﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻤﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﻡ‪.‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺸﺌﺔ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻟﻸﻁﻔﺎل ﺘﺠﻌﻠﻬﻡ ﻴﻤﻴﻠﻭﻥ ﻟﻼﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺨﻠﻕ ﺇﻟﻬﻲ ﻭ ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ ﺫﻜﻲ ﺒﺩل ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ ﻓﻬﻭ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻌﻘﻭل ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺼﻌﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺒل ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻴﻌﺎﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻮرة ﻟﻐﻼف ﻛﺘﺎب ‪Why‬‬
‫‪Would Anyone Believe in‬‬
‫‪) God‬ﻟﻤﺎذا ﯾﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ‬
‫أن ﯾﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ (‬
‫ﺗﺄﻟﯿﻒ ﺟﺎﺳﺘﻮن ﺑﺎرﯾﺖ‬

‫_______________________‬
‫*ﻤﺭﺍﺴل ﺍﻟﺸﺅﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻐﺭﺍﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺭﺍﻏﺒﻴﻥ ﺒﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﺒﻜﺎﻤﻠﻪ ﻤﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ ‪www.55a.net‬‬
‫ﺨﺒ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻨﹶﺎ ﻴ‪‬ﻭﻨﹸﺱ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﻥﹺ ﺍﻟﺯ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺭﹺﻯ‪ ‬ﻗﹶﺎلَ ﺃَﺨﹾﺒ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺃَﺒ‪‬ﻭ ﺴ‪‬ﻠﹶﻤ‪‬ﺔﹶ ﺒ‪‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺭ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﻥﹺ ﺃَﻥ‪ ‬ﺃَﺒ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺤ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﺜﹶﻨﹶﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ‪ ‬ﺃَﺨﹾﺒ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻨﹶﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺃَ ﹾ‬
‫ﻫ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺓﹶ ‪ -‬ﺭﻀﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﹶﺎلَ‪...‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﺒﺎﺏ ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‪:‬‬
‫‪born believers in God, academic claims Children are‬‬
‫‪http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/religion/3512686/Children-are-born-believers-in-God-‬‬
‫‪academic-claims.html‬‬
‫‪Anyone Believe in God Why Would‬‬
‫‪http://www.planetsantabarbara.com/Religion/why-would-anyone-believe-in-god-251.aspx‬‬

‫ﻟﻠﻁﻔل ﻗﺎﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻤﺴﺒﻘﺔ ﻟﻺﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﺃﻥ ﻜل ﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻕ ﻟﺴﺒﺏ ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬

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