P. 1
How to Build a Computer

How to Build a Computer

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Published by Anirudha Mhase

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Published by: Anirudha Mhase on May 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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After installation, your priority should be security.

A newly installed Windows XP computer can be attacked within moments of being connected
to the Internet. The SANS Institute provides a PDF guide called Windows XP: Surviving the
First Day, which explains how to update a new Windows XP box without immediately
becoming infected by viruses and worms. To avoid having your new computer attacked, install
a firewall, or activate the one that came with your OS. Both Windows and GNU have in-built
firewalls: In some GNU distributions, it is enabled by default; in Windows XP Service Pack 2,
it can be found in the program in your control panel.

As soon as you are on the internet, run your operating system's update facility to fix any
security flaws that have been found since your CD was printed. To do this under Windows,
simply click on your Start Menu, click on 'All Programs', and then click on Windows Update,
and follow the instructions. If you use other Microsoft products, such as Microsoft Office, then
it can be valuable to use Microsoft Update, which covers updates for all Microsoft products.
For either of these, you can also switch on "Automatic Updates" from the Security Center
program mentioned above.

The method of updating your GNU Operating system varies greatly from distribution to
distribution. For Fedora Core, simply issue a "yum update" as root on the command prompt. It
is perhaps easiest to update the OS from Debian-based distributions such as Debian, Ubuntu
and Linspire, where you simply have to type

apt-get update
apt-get dist-upgrade

into a terminal window, and if your computer will be switched on overnight, it is very easy to
set these programs to run automatically in the background.

Programs such as Anti-Virus, Anti-Spam and Anti-Spyware of commercial quality or better can
be found quite easily: Windows programs are listed in the software section below. (Usually
theese are not needed for GNU OS')


An important point to note is that security software is one of the more important things to be set
up rather than other applications first. In one case, a freshly-assembled computer running
Windows XP with no security precautions taken was hit by the Blaster worm as soon as it was
connected to the Internet, and has picked up a variety of spyware after only visiting a few
websites; forcing the owner to reformat the hard disk and redo installation of the OS.

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