Y2-HL

REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
1.M00-P1
(a) Sketch the graph of f(x) = sin 3x + sin 6x, 0 < x < 2π.
(b) Write down the exact period of the function f.
2. M00-P2
The area of the triangle shown below is 2.21 cm
2
. The length of the shortest side is x
cm and the other two sides are 3x cm and (x + 3) cm.
x 3 x
x + 3
(a) Using the formula for the area of the triangle, write down an expression
for sin θ in terms of x.
(2)
(b) Using the cosine rule, write down and simplify an expression for cos θ in
terms of x.
(2)
(c) (i) Using your answers to parts (a) and (b), show that,
2
2
2
2
2
3
42 . 4
1
2
3 2 3

,
`

.
|
− ·

,
`

.
|
− −
x x
x x
(1)
(ii) Hence find
(a) the possible values of x;
(2)
(b) the corresponding values of θ, in radians, using your answer
to part (b) above.
(3)
(Total 10 marks)
3.N00-P1
In a triangle ABC, A
B
ˆ
C = 30°, AB = 6cm and AC = 2 3 cm. Find the possible
lengths of [BC].
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
4. N00-P2
(a) Let y =
x a b
x b a
sin
sin
+
+
, where 0 < a < b.
(i) Show that
x
y
d
d
=
2
2 2
) sin (
cos ) (
x a b
x a b
+
+
.
(4)
(ii) Find the maximum and minimum values of y.
(4)
(iii) Show that the graph of y
x a b
x b a
sin
sin
+
+
, 0 < a < b cannot have a
vertical asymptote.
(2)
(b) For the graph of
x
x
y
sin 4 5
sin 5 4
+
+
· for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π,
(i) write down the y-intercept;
(ii) find the x-intercepts m and n, (where m < n) correct to four
significant figures;
(iii) sketch the graph.
(5)
(c) The area enclosed by the graph of
x
x
y
sin 4 5
sin 5 4
+
+
· and the x-axis from x = 0
to x = n is denoted by A. Write down, but do not evaluate, an expression
for the area A.
(2)
(Total 17 marks)
5. M00-P2
(a) Sketch the graph of the function
x x x C 2 cos
2
1
cos ) ( + ·
for –2π ≤ x ≤ 2π
(5)
(b) Prove that the function C(x) is periodic and state its period.
(3)
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
(c) For what values of x, –2π ≤ x ≤ 2π, is C(x) a maximum?
(2)
(d) Let x = x
0
be the smallest positive value of x for which C(x) = 0. Find an
approximate value of x
0
which is correct to two significant figures.
(2)
(e) (i) Prove that C(x) = C(–x) for all x.
(2)
(ii) Let x = x
1
be that value of x, π < x < 2π, for which C(x) = 0. Find the
value of x
1
in terms of x
0
.
(2)
(Total 16 mark
6. M01-P1
Solve 2 sin x = tan x, where
2

π
< x < .
2
π
7. N01-P1
Let θ be the angle between the unit vectors a and b, where 0 < θ < π. Express |a – b| in
terms of θ
2
1
sin .
8. M02-P1
The angle θ satisfies the equation tanθ + cotθ = 3, where θ is in degrees. Find all the
possible values of θ lying in the interval [0°, 90°].
9. M02-P1
The function f is defined on the domain [0, π] by f(θ ) = 4 cos θ + 3 sin θ.
(a) Express f(θ ) in the form R cos (θ – α) where 0 < α <
2
π
.
(b) Hence, or otherwise, write down the value of θ for which f(θ ) takes its
maximum value.
10. N02-P1
Triangle ABC has AB = 8 cm, BC = 6 cm and C A
ˆ
B = 20°. Find the smallest possible
area of ∆ABC.
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
11.M03-P1
Find all the values of θ in the interval [0, π] which satisfy the equation
cos2θ = sin
2
θ.
12. M03-P1
In the triangle ABC,
A
ˆ
= 30°, BC = 3 and AB = 5. Find the two possible values of
B
ˆ
.
13. M03-P2
The function f with domain
]
]
]

2
π
, 0 is defined by f(x) = cos x + 3 sin x.
This function may also be expressed in the form R cos(x – α) where R > 0 and
0 < α <
2
π
.
(a) Find the exact value of R and of α.
(3)
(b) (i) Find the range of the function f.
(ii) State, giving a reason, whether or not the inverse function of f
exists.
(5)
(c) Find the exact value of x satisfying the equation f(x) = . 2
(3)
(d) Using the result

x xd sec = ln|sec x + tan x|+ C, where C is a constant,
show that
). 3 2 + ln(3
2
1
) (
d
2
π
0
·

x f
x
(5)
(Total 16 marks)
14.N03-P2
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
(a) Express 3 cosθ – sinθ in the form r cos(θ + α), where r > 0 and 0 < α <
2
π
,
giving r and α as exact values.
(3)
(b) Hence, or otherwise, for 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π, find the range of values of 3 cosθ
– sinθ.
(2)
(c) Solve θ cos 3 – sinθ = –l, for 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π, giving your answers as exact
values.
(5)
(Total 10 marks)
15.N03-P2
Prove that
( )
( ) θ θ
θ θ
4 cos – 1 2 cos
2 cos – 1 4 sin
= tan θ, for 0 < θ <
2
π
, and θ ≠
4
π
.
(Total 5 marks)
16.M04-P2
(a) Show that cos(A + B) + cos(A – B) = 2 cosAcosB
(2)
(b) Let T
n
(x) = cos(n arccosx) where x is a real number, x ∈ [–1, 1] and n is a
positive integer.
(i) Find T
1
(x).
(ii) Show that T
2
(x) = 2x
2
– 1.
(5)
(c) (i) Use the result in part (a) to show that T
n+1
(x) + T
n–1
(x) = 2xT
n
(x).
(ii) Hence or otherwise, prove by induction that T
n
(x) is a polynomial of
degree n.
(12)
(Total 19 marks)
17.N04-P1
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
The diagram below shows a circle centre O and radius OA = 5 cm. The angle AOB =
135°.
O
A
B
Find the area of the shaded region.
18. S05-P1
The angle θ satisfies the equation 2 tan
2
θ – 5secθ – 10 = 0, where θ is in the second
quadrant. Find the exact value of sec θ.
19.S05-P2
A farmer owns a triangular field ABC. The side [AC] is 104 m, the side [AB] is 65 m
and the angle between these two sides is 60°.
(a) Calculate the length of the third side of the field.
(3)
(b) Find the area of the field in the form p 3 , where p is an integer.
(3)
Let D be a point on [BC] such that [AD] bisects the 60° angle. The farmer
divides the field into two parts by constructing a straight fence [AD] of length x
metres.
(c) (i) Show that the area of the smaller part is given by
4
65x
and find an
expression for the area of the larger part.
(ii) Hence, find the value of x in the form q 3 , where q is an integer.
(8)
(d) Prove that
8
5
DC
BD
· .
(6)
(Total 20 mark
20.S05-P2
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
Consider the complex geometric series e


2
1
e
2iθ
+
4
1
e
3iθ
+ …
(a) Find an expression for z, the common ratio of this series.
(2)
(b) Show that |z|< 1.
(2)
(c) Write down an expression for the sum to infinity of this series.
(2)
(d) (i) Express your answer to part (c) in terms of sin θ and cos θ.
(ii) Hence show that
cos θ +
2
1
cos 2θ +
4
1
cos 3θ +…=
θ
θ
cos 4 5
2 cos 4


(10)
(Total 16 marks)
21.M05-P1
Given that asin4x + bsin2x = 0, for 0 < x <
2
π
, find an expression for cos
2
x in terms of
a and b.
22. M05-P1
The triangle ABC has an obtuse angle at B, BC = 10.2,
A
ˆ
= x and
B
ˆ
= 2x.
(a) Find AC, in terms of cos x.
(b) Given that the area of triangle ABC is 52.02 cos x, find angle C
ˆ
.
23.M05-P2
The diagram shows a trapezium OABC in which OA is parallel to CB. O is the centre
of a circle radius r cm. A, B and C are on its circumference. Angle OCB = θ.
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
C
B
A
O
r
Let T denote the area of the trapezium OABC.
(a) Show that T =
2
2
r
(sin θ + sin 2θ).
(4)
For a fixed value of r, the value of T varies as the value of θ varies.
(b) Show that T takes its maximum value when θ satisfies the equation
4cos
2
θ + cosθ – 2 = 0, and verify that this value of T is a maximum.
(5)
(c) Given that the perimeter of the trapezium is 75 cm, find the maximum
value of T.
(6)
(Total 15 marks)
25. M06-P1
5. If tan
-1
(4) – tan
-1
( 3/5) = k, find the value of k.
(3)
26. M04-P1
A wave of water passing a fixed point is modeled by the function
h = 0.5 cos(0.25 π t ),
where h is the height of the water(in metres) above the point and t is the time (in
seconds)
a) What is the period of the wave.
b) Draw a sketch of the function for 0≤ t ≤16.
c) Find the time for 0≤ t ≤16 for which the wave height is 0.35m.
( 6)
Y2-HL
REVISION- TRIGONOMETRY
27. M06-P1
If A, B, C are the angles of a triangle; prove that:
Tan A + Tan B + Tan C = Tan A Tan B Tan C

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