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The process known as weathering breaks up rocks so that they can be carried away by the process known as erosion. OR Erosion involves the transportation of weathered material. Water, wind, ice, and waves are the agents of erosion that wear away at the surface of the earth.
Erosion by wind is known as Aeolian (or Eolian) erosion (named after Aeolus, the Greek god of winds). Types of erosion by wind are: a) Deflation: In deflation wind lifts the small particles and transports them from one place to another. b) Abrasion: In wind storm the sand particle carries by wind collide with other rock masses and causes erosion. c) Attrition: Breaking of transported particles which collide with each other and causes further erosion. Wind transport by suspension and saltation.
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EROSION & AGENTS OF EROSION
Water is the most important erosion agent and erodes most commonly as running water in streams. Water does erosion by four ways. a) Hydraulic action The ability of flowing water to dislodge and transport rock particles or sediment is called hydraulic action which hammers the rocks of the channel by rapid flow. b) Chemical Action Not all, but some minerals dissolve in water because water is universal solvent. c) Abrasion Transported sediments used as tool of scratching other rocks. d) Attrition Breaking of transported material by themselves due to collision with each other.
The erosive power of moving ice is actually a bit greater than the power of water but since water is much more common, it is responsible for a greater amount of erosion on the earth's surface. Glaciers can perform to erosive functions - they pluck and abrade. Plucking takes place by water entering cracks under the glacier, freezing, and breaking off pieces of rock that are then transported by the glacier. Abrasion cuts into the rock under the glacier, scooping rock up like a bulldozer and smoothing and polishing the rock surface.
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