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WAC News Nov 2006

WAC News Nov 2006

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Volume III - Issue 1

“The human right to water entitles everyone to sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and affordable water for personal and domestic use”
—U.N. General Comment No. 15 on the right to water, 2002

November 2006

Regional Capacity Building Training Programme on “Continuous Water Supply in Asian Cities”
Provision of good quality water and sanitation facilities to all residents including the poor, is a basic responsibility of service providers. Moreover, it forms a critical component in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). UN-HABITAT in cooperation with the Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI), Hyderabad and Singapore Utilities International Pvt. Ltd (SUI) organised a regional capacity building programme on “Continuous Water Supply in Asian Cities” for senior policy makers and officials from water utilities and urban local bodies of the participating countries under Water for Asian Cities Programme. The core objectives of the programme were: demand management. Phase I of the programme was organised for one-week from 27th November to 1st December 2006 at ASCI followed by Phase II of the programme for one-week from 4th December to 8th December 2006 in SUI, Singapore. The participants were exposed to technical, financial, institutional, communication and social issues associated with the water and sanitation sector through interactive sessions, case studies, field visits etc. Modules covered during Phase I included urban water sector and change management; systems management; pricing and cost recovery mechanisms; public private partnerships for accelerating change; managing the transition; organisations readiness; and redefining relationships. Modules covered during Phase II included holistic approach to manage non-revenue water; water conservation measures; leak detection techniques; metering concepts; and pressure management etc. UN-HABITAT had sponsored a group of 20 senior officials from water utilities and urban local bodies representing various countries / cities participating under the Water for Asian Cities Programme viz. Madhya Pradesh, India; Nepal; Lao PDR; Vietnam and PR China for the regional capacity building programme.

“We feel it our duty to say that high-priced water is not in the interest of public health. Pure water in abundance, at a price within the reach of all, is one of the most powerful agencies for promoting the health of any community”
—North Carolina Board of Health, 1898

INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
HVWSHE Classroom and the implementation of SESI Project in Jabalpur Task force formed for Water Demand Management Urban Environment in Butwal Municipality Promotion Programme on Rainwater Harvesting in Kathmandu 2

3 3 4

Infrastructure capacity, seen as the "Wheels of Economic Activity" can deliver major benefits in economic growth, poverty alleviation and environmental sustainability - only when it provides services that respond to demand • To provide a comprehensive and does so effectively. perspective on the transformaPresently, the water and sanitation required to achieve the tion service levels in urban areas continuous water supply of many Asian countries are through an integration of inadequate and financially untechnical, financial, institusustainable, particularly for the tional, social and communicaurban poor. For cities to achieve tion aspects. a world-class public health status, it is imperative that they • To acquaint participants with move from an intermittent water innovative technologies in the supply system to continuous areas of leak detection, water (24/7) water supply. 24-hours demand management, water water supply, 7-days a week is conservation etc. an accepted global norm and is • To provide a platform for prevalent not only in the cities of active exchange of national developed countries but also in and international good pracmany cities in less developed tices in water management. countries. It is significant that along with Europe, African and • To enable the participants to formulate a strategic action Asian cities like Kampala plan to achieve and imple(Uganda), Singapore, Phnom ment the vision of 24/7 water Penh (Cambodia) and Dhulikel supply. (Nepal) also have ready access to clean, potable water avail- The programme was conducted able 24-hours/day and with less in two-phases, keeping in view expense than currently available the objectives of the programme in most other cities of Asia. with a special focus on water

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November 2006

HVWSHE Classroom and the implementation of SESI Project in Jabalpur
The HVWSHE classroom is equipped with interactive panels and models developed on the various themes related to water and sanitation issues and small water testing kit with a space for interactive activities session. The basic objective of the classroom is to educate the students about the human values of water and sanitation in day to day life. On 8th November 2006, Mr. Hari Ranjan Rao, Project Director, UWSEI Project paid a visit to the Human Valuesbased Water, Sanitation Hygiene (HVWSHE) classroom setup by the UNHABITAT in collaboration with Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) at Model H.S. School, Jabalpur. The Project Director visited the HVWSHE classroom in Jabalpur and interacted with the Principal and the Resource teachers of the School. He enquired about the activities being conducted involving students and advised the Principal and the Resource Teachers to organise programmes for the students in association with the Total Sanitation Campaign for popularizing the HVWSHE classroom and its activities at the District level. The Project Director also visited one of the target slum ‘Indira Basti’ where the ‘Slum Environment Sanitation Initiative’ is being implemented. Senior officers of Jabalpur Municipal Corporation accompanied him during the visit. He inspected the demonstration toilets constructed by the households and wall paintings to communicate hygiene massages to bring about behavioural change among the people. The partner NGO Kshitij briefed the Project Director on the various awareness activities e.g. street play, rallies, camps, exhibitions being taken up. The Project Director had an impromptu consultation with the slum residents on Water and Sanitation issues. He also interacted with the members of Community Water and Sanitation Committee (CWASC) and few SHGs regarding the response of the residents regarding construction of household toilets through revolving funds. He also handed over a printed letter head to the president of CWASC and record-keeping books to office bearers of SHGs as a symbol of their empowerment in the process of social development.

Project Director, UWSEI Project interacting with the community at Indira Basti in Jabalpur

Constitution of State Level WAC Programme Monitoring Committee
The Government of Madhya Pradesh has constituted a State level WAC Programme Monitoring Committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary, UADD to monitor the activities of WAC Programme as well as to ensure proper coordination amongst Municipal Corporations, DUDA, UWSEI Project, concerned departments and UN-HABITAT and its cooperating partners WaterAid, Mahila Chetna Manch and Centre for Environmental Education.

National Seminar on Urban Governance
UN-HABITAT had supported the National Seminar on “Urban Governance in the Context of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)” organised by the Association of Urban Management and Development Authorities (AMDA) at New Delhi from 24-25 November 2006. The broad objective of the seminar was to examine the issue of urban governance from various perspectives and within the broad ambit of the recently launched JNNURM in India. The JNNURM provides an opportunity for creation and improved delivery of urban services, especially water supply and sanitation which are its thrust areas. The tasks of urban governance includes coping with the challenges of urbanisation, creation of employment opportunities, alleviating poverty and sustainable urban environmental management combined with participatory approaches in urban planning, decision-making and service delivery. The seminar addressed some of the critical issues relating to the above under five sub-themes which, inter alia, included water and sanitation. UNHABITAT contributed a paper on the theme of “Issues in the Pursuit of the Millennium Development Targets for Water Supply and Sanitation” in the Seminar. The CTA, UN-HABITAT also made a presentation on the subject and gave the overview of the Water for Asian Cities Programme in India. The seminar brought together participants from municipalities and development authorities as well as policy makers, administrators, academicians and experts from national and international organisations including Mayors, Commissioners and other high officials from cities and towns of Madhya Pradesh. The seminar was inaugurated by Ms. Shiela Dixit, Chief Minister of Delhi and was also addressed by Mr. Jaipal Reddy, the Union Minister of Urban Development.

Capacity Building Workshop on “Sanitation Technologies”
UN-HABITAT in collaboration with Sulabh International Academy of Environmental Sanitation had organized the second International Capacity Building Workshop on “Sanitation Technologies” from 13th to 25th November, 2006 at New Delhi . As a part of the implementation of the Habitat Agenda through collaboration with all Partners including NGOs in achieving the Millennium Goals for Sustainable Development in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, this Capacity Building Programme was organized for 23 professionals from 9 African countries of Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivorie, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia. The capacity-building process will be carried out in three phases wherein the professionals shall be trained by Sulabh on sanitation technologies, followed by the implementation of the sanitation projects by the participants in their own countries under Sulabh’s technical and administrative supervision and the review of the projects in Africa by early 2008. This programme was an initiative of UNHABITAT to promote closer cooperation among developing countries by exchanging ideas and appropriate technologies.

VOLUME III - ISSUE 1

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Task force formed for Water Demand Management in Nepal
Nepal Water Supply Corporation (NWSC) has formed a task force for water demand management to improve water supply system in Nepal which will formulate a new strategy for the purpose. The water supply system of Pokhara Sub-Metropolitan City will be improved as a pilot project according to the new strategy. It will then be applied in other parts of the country in a phased manner. A team of technicians and experts have gone to Pokhara for on-site study. UN-HABITAT’s WAC programme is to assist NWSC to formulate and implement the new strategy as well as to find other donors for the programme. Nepal Water Supply Corporation shall develop strategies for demand based water supply in the near future to meet the present challenges in the water supply. This type of strategy of water supply has been successful in South Africa and in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. For this purpose, a three-day workshop on “Formulation of NWSC Strategy for Water Demand Management” was

organized by UN-HABITAT in collaboration with NWSC which was also supported by the Centre for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD) and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) India. The main objective of this workshop was to sensitize the planners, managers of the water systems on the aspects of water demand management so as to conceive a pilot project for formulation of a strategy for water demand management as a key element for sustainable water management.

While addressing the Water Demand Management Workshop, Mr. Madan Shanker Shrestha, Deputy General Manager of NWSC informed that ‘the concept of water demand management is new for us and this approach can increase the efficiency of the corporation in service delivery’. During the workshop Dr. Roshan Shrestha, Chief Technical Advisor, WAC Programme in Nepal pointed out the need of NWSC to set an example of good governance as people continue to have good faith and hope in the corporation.

Integrated Approaches to Improve Urban Environment in Butwal Municipality
UN-HABITAT has entered into an agreement of cooperation with Practical Action, an NGO based in Nepal for implementating the project on “Integrated Approaches to Improve Urban Environment in Butwal Municipality” with the main objective of reducing environmental threats to the health and livelihoods of urban slum dwellers and help to alleviate poverty in Butwal Municipality by developing and promoting an integrated approach to improve the urban environment and improve livelihoods of poor. Practical Action, Nepal shall be responsible for the overall management and the implementation of the project including capacity building of the community as well as the municipality, developing neighbourhood plans for improving the environment and livelihoods, creating partnerships between CBOs and other stakeholders, raising awareness and influencing policies on environmental issues at community, city, national and international levels. The Cooperation Agreement will be for the period of 11 months starting from November 2006 to September 2007, which primarily focus on needs assessment, planning and capacity development works. The project is expected to demonstrate an effective model of partnership for development of fast track implementation and demonstration of community-based low-cost water supply, environmental sanitation, waste management and hygiene promotion initiatives for the urban poor and thereby help improving their livelihoods. The organisations are following the innovative community-based approaches which aims at bringing benefits at the neighbourhood level in ways which are driven and controlled primarily by the residents themselves. Therefore, it contributes to the expected result of implementing and networking of innovative technologies, policies, measures and techniques. The proposed project will directly benefit 439 Poor households in 8 slums; 2078 Poor People living in 8 slums; and Staff of Butwal Municipality by expanding their knowledge on appropriate WATSAN, Waste management technology.

Capacity Building Program for Small Town Water Supply & Sanitation Project in Nepal
UN-HABITAT in cooperation with Town Development Fund (TDF) and the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DWSS) has planned a three-day Workshop on “Need Assessment for Capacity Building Programme Intervention in Small Town Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project” under the Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme in Nepal, from 3-5 December, 2006 at Nagarkot, Nepal. The workshop aims at assessing the gaps in institutional development of Water User Associations (WUA); realizing role and responsibility of WUA members; awareness on the quality of water and its monitoring system; awareness on the need for gender mainstreaming; mechanism for social inclusion (poor and disadvantage communities); and assessing the gap on financial management, cost recovery and repayment of loan. The Workshop shall provide an in-depth insight for sustainable service delivery of water supply and sanitation system implemented under Small Town Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project.

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Promotion Programme on Rainwater Harvesting in Kathmandu
The Water for Asian Cities Programme of UN-HABITAT in partnership with the NGO Forum for Urban Water and Sanitation (NGOFUWS), Ministry of Physical Planning and Works and Water Aid, Nepal has initiated a Rainwater Harvesting Promotion Programme (RWHPP) in Kathmandu Valley in five municipalities and a nearby town, Banepa, with a view to ensure uprooting of water scarcity, mitigate the present water crisis of the valley and with a vision for long-term impact that sustains free rain water for bulk of its water needs. The Programme seeks to familiarize people with the rainwater harvesting technology of tapping nature’s gift and popularize its use at the household, community and municipal levels. RWHPP is conceived of a multipronged strategic approach with maximum spread effect, which mainly include: Policy advocacy for mandatory requirement of rainwater harvesting in building by-laws and implementation in all new built structures; Capacity building training programmes, workshops on rainwater harvesting for all target groups at all levels including plumbers, civil engineers, architects, students, house-wives, etc To extend as a help-desk for linking up the clients willing to have rainwater harvesting facility with the technical persons trained for this purpose and help to generate employment opportunities; Creating public awareness through rainwater harvesting installation at public structures, historical sites, etc.; Preparation and dissemination of manuals and guidebooks on Rainwater Harvesting; and
UN-HABITAT Water for Asian Cities Programme Regional Office EP-16/17, Chandragupta Marg, Chanakyapuri New Delhi - 110021 (India), Tel: +91-11-42225019 / 22 Fax: +91-11-24104961, Web: www.unhabitat.org/water
WAC Project Office in India
E-1/191, Arera Colony, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India Tel: +91-755-2460835/36 Fax: +91-11-2460837 Email: Wac.India@unhabitat.org

Promotion of Private Sector for easy accessibility of rain water harvesting components and materials at competitive prices. The programme envisaged four demonstration sites, three in Kathmandu, viz. Trichandra Multiple Campus, Sambridha Awas – the squatters rehabilitation community housing facility, Department of Urban Planning and Building Construction and one in Banepa town at Sheer Memorial Community Hospital. Within a year of initiation, the Programme has made its presence felt. Some of the prominent achievements include: Installation of rainwater harvesting systems by Kathmandu Municipality, Nepal Water Supply Corporation, World Wildlife Fund, etc.—altogether around 200 buildings have installed the systems; Installation of rainwater harvesting in housing colonies promoted by private companies; Capacity building to 250 plumbers, 170 practicing engineers, 375 engineering students, 3000 civil society and 280 persons as Training of Trainers; Use of print and electronic media as well as other extension tools and techniques like films, hoardings, showcasing which are very popular and represented in different Forums such as World Urban Forum III, Vancouver, World Water Forum—IV’ Film Festival in Mexico, Himalayan Film Festival in the Netherlands; Formation of a Government level Rainwater Harvesting Steering Committee; and Priority in extending loan for building houses which has rainwater harvesting component.

WAC Project Office in Nepal
UN House, Pulchowk, GPO Box 107, Kathmandu, Nepal Tel: +977-1-5536699 Fax: +977-1-5548597 Email: Wac.Nepal@unhabitat.org

Editorial Board Hazari Lal, Director, Government of India Malay Shrivastava, Commissioner, UADD, State Govt. of M.P Krishna Prasad Acharya, Jt. Secretary, MPPW, Govt. of Nepal Debashish Bhattacharjee, ADB, India Resident Mission Aniruddhe Mukerjee, CTA, UN-HABITAT, Bhopal Roshan Raj Shrestha, CTA, UN-HABITAT, Nepal Editor Kulwant Singh, CTA, UN-HABITAT, New Delhi

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