Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Introduction in Sport Psychology

Dr. Chatkamon Singnoy Faculty of sport science Burapha University
Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Today’s Path…
What is Sport Psychology (SP)? Overview of SP( A brief of history) WHAT ARE SOME COMMON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT ISSUES?

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

“WHAT IS SPORT PSYCHOLOGY (SP)?” q The study of a person's behavior in
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sport. It is also a specialization within the brain and physical that seeks to understand psychological/mental factors that affect performance in sports, physical activity, and exercise. Moreover, apply these to enhance individual and team performance.

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

WHAT IS SPORT PSYCHOLOGY ?
2 main objectives:  To understand how psychological factors affect in individual’s performance  To understand how participation in sport and exercise affects one’s psychological development, health, and well-being.

GOAL

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

OVERVIEW of SP( A brief of history…)
It is not a new field – it has been an area of scientific study for approximately 100 years  Its roots are in physical education and coaching

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

OVERVIEW of SP( A brief of history…)
 Sport

Psychology Prior to 1950

1898 First experiment (Norman Triplett) Paced bicycle races result in faster times than single efforts social facilitation: the presence of audience and/or coaches enhances arousal 1898 First Sport Psychology Study 1925 First Laboratory
Coleman Griffith at University of Illinois  Research on psychomotor skills, performance, and personality

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

OVERVIEW of SP( A brief of history…)
 Sport

Psychology After 1950

1967 1967 First Annual Meeting of North American Soc. for the Psych. of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) Bruce Bruce Ogilvie (�father� of Applied Sport Psychology)  Problem Athletes and How to Handle Them  begins to consult with teams Mid-1960s Mid-1960s Sport Psychologists split from motor learning 1985 1985 USOC take first full-time sport psychologist 1986 1986 First applied journal: The Sport Psychologist

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

What do SP Professionals do? Teaching (Many teach college; others teach as part of consultations and outreach including workshops, coaching) q Research (Some professional conduct research on topics such as anxiety, injury prevention, exercise adoption, retirement, coaching behaviors, athlete stress, recovery, mental health of athletes)
q
Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

What do SP Professionals do?
Practice (Many ESP professionals are in private practice. They work counseling centers, sports medicine, wellness settings and health clubs.) q Often there is a “mix” of these activities. q There is no “typical” sport and exercise psychologist in this rapidly growing field
q

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Why would people need the services of an sport psychology professionalor optimize performance  To improve ?
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to help make performance more effective To help overcome obstacles that prevent the reaching of potential To assist with adopting or maintaining an exercise program To facilitate efficient/healthy functioning of sport or other teams (team building, conflict)
Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

WHAT ARE SOME COMMON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT ISSUES?

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

COMMON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT ISSUES
Perform more consistently up to potential q Set useful training & competition goals q Prepare mentally and develop routines to better control thoughts & emotions q Manage energy (psyching up and down)
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Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

More Issues
Increase/maintain confidence q Handle training & competition stress q Focus, attention, concentration, distraction q Increase/maintain motivation q Facilitate team cohesion/communication
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Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Main Organizations involved in Sport and Exercise Psychology:

Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP)

www.aaasponline.org

American Psychological Association Div. 47 (APA, Div. 47)
www.psyc.unt.edu/apadiv47 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)  www.acsm.org The United States Olympic Committee (USOC)  www.usoc.org

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Main Organizations involved in Sport and Exercise Psychology:

International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP)

www.issponline.org

North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA)

www.naspspa.org www.aahperd.org

The Sport Psychology Academy (SPA)

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Major Splits in Recent Years within the Field: 1. Performance Enhancement / Intervention 2. Social Psychology Emphasis 3. Health and Exercise

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

1. Performance Enhancement / Intervention:
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Focus on performance improvements in any achievement setting Be concerned with effects of interventions on well-being Examples:  Stress management training with athletes  Training effectiveness  Flow experiences in sport

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

2. Social Psychology Emphasis
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Uses theory / research to focus on group processes in sport & exercise settings Social factors are examined as they relate to athletes, coach, team, and spectators Examples of special interests:
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Achievement motivation Moral development through sport Peer relationships in physical activity and sport Youth sports Social Anxiety in Sport and Exercise Settings

Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

3. Health and Exercise:
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Focuses on role of psych. Factors in exercise; as they pertain to resistance to disease development & remediation, coping with stress, and health promotion Primary interest is link between mental and physical health. Examples of special interest areas:
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emotion focused coping and health Hardiness and disease risk Exercise and Psychoneuroimmunology Psychological benefits of exercise
Applied Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology Lab, Burapha University

Topic for class discuss

1. Why was the symbol of psychology a forklike? 2. Has it anything to do with its history? 3. Read Sport Psychology – Past, Present and Future: The Perceptions of Swedish Sport Psychology Students in lesson 2
Applied Sport Psychology

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