_ZvÀ

Hcp {lkz IY\w
(]cn-jvI-cn¨ ]Xn¸v)

A_vZp-Êemw CÀ^m\n Ip\n-bnÂ

{]km-[\w
_ZÀ _pIvÌmÄ, aÀIkv tImw¹-Ivkv,
amhqÀ tdmUv, tImgn-t¡m-Sv.
1

Badar oru hraswa Kadanam(Malayalam)
New Edition
Author
: Abdussalam Irfani Kuniyil
Publishing
: Badar Publications, Mundumuzhi.
First Edition
: 2003 October
Second Edition
: 2008 September
Copies
: 2000
Printing
: Basheer Mundumuzhi
Price
: 20/Rights Reserved
2

Ah-Xm-cnI
Ckvem-anI kac Ncn-{X-¯nse Gähpw henb \mgn-I-¡ÃmWv _ZvÀ bp²w. Ckvem-an-s\bpw Ckvem-ansâ {]hm-N-Iscbpw FXnÀ¡p-Ibpw aÀ±n-¡p-Ibpw ]e-scbpw h[n-¡p-Ibpw
sNbvX-h-cm-bn-cp¶p a¡-bnse Jpssd-in-IÄ, Ah-km\w {]hmN-Isc h[n-¡m³ hoSp-h-f-ªp. AÛp-X-I-c -ambn c£-s¸«v
\_n(-k) X§Ä aZo-\-bn-te¡v ]em-b\w sNbvXp. {]hm-NIÀ¡v ap¼pw ]n¼p-ambn aÀ±\w kln-¡-h-¿msX apkvenw-Ifpw
]mem-b\w sNt¿−n h¶p. kz´w \mSpw hoSpw kz¯pw IpSpw_hpw Dt]-£n-¨p-t]mb apkvenw-Isf A\y-\m-«nepw Pohn-¡m³
A\p-h-Zn-¡msX \nc-´cw Atem-k-c-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bm-bn-c p¶p
AhÀ. Poh\pw aXhpw {]t_m-[-\hpw A]-I-S-¯n-emb A\nhmcy L«-¯n apkvenw-IÄ¡v X§-tfmSp bp²w sN¿p¶
_²-ssh-cn-I-tfmSp {]Xn-tcm-[mÀ°w bp²w sN¿m³ A\p-aXn
e`n-¨p. Cu A\p-a-Xn¡v tijw \S¶ {]Y-ahpw {][m-\-hpamb bp²-amWv _ZvÀ.
kmbp-[ cpw \ncm- bp- [cpw X½n-e m-b n-c p¶p Cu bp²w.
apkvenw-IÄ \nÀ²-\cpw \ncm-bp-[-cp-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¦nepw AhcpsS ssIbnepw JÂ_nepw Hcp AP-¿-amb ikv{Xw D−mbn-cp-¶p. AXv Ah-cpsS AN-©-e-amb BZÀi-am-bn-c p-¶p.
A[n-Im-c¯
- nt\m A[n-\n-th-i¯
- nt\m th−n-bm-bn-cp-¶nà AhcpsS ka-c w. BZÀi kwc-£W¯n\p th−n am{X-am-bn-c p¶p. AXp-sIm−p Xs¶ AÃm-lp-hnsâ klmb lkvXw
Ahsc c£n-¨p. FÃmw XnIª i{Xp ssk\y-¯nsâ ]cmPbw A¶pw C¶pw Hcp-hn-kvabw Xs¶. F¶pw AsXmcp
hnkva-b-ambn \ne-\n¡p-sa¶ Imcyw XoÀ¨. Ckvemw kam[m-\-¯nsâ aX-am-Wv. kam-[m-\-¯nsâ ktµ-i-am-Wv. AXp
3

kam-[m-\-¯n\p th−n \ne-sIm-Å p-¶p. kam-[m-\-¯n\p
th−n F´pw kln-¡m\pw XyPn-¡m\pw AXv Blzm\w
\ÂIp-¶p. ]cm-{Iaw sIm−v hnizw Pbn-¨-S-¡m³ Ckvemw
A\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶n-Ã. kvt\lw sIm−v ImcpWyw sIm−v P\-a\-§sf kzm[o-\n¨v kXy-¯n-te¡pw \·-bn-te¡pw \oXn-bnte¡pw [À½-¯n-te¡pw kZm-Nm-c-¯n-te¡pw amÀ¤ ZÀi\w
\ÂIp-hm-\mWv Ckvemw \nÀt±-iw \ÂIp-¶-Xv. A_vZp-Êemw
CÀ^m\n Ip\n-bn-ensâ Cu I¶n IrXn _Zvdn-s\-¡p-dn-¨pÅ
Hcp sNdnb Ah-tem-I-\-am-Wv. _Zvdnsâ Npcp¡ Ncn{Xw a\Ên-em-¡m³ Cu IrXn klm-b-I-am-Wv. cN-bn-Xm-hn\pw A\phm-N-IÀ¡pw CXp ^e-{]-Z-am-hs« F¶p {]mÀ°n-¡p-¶p.
tImS-¼pg _mh apkven-bmÀ

4

{]km-[I Ipdn¸v
Ckvem-anI Ncn-{X-¯nse {it²-b-amb A[ym-b-amWv
_ZvÀ. hnizm-kn-IÄ¡v Bthiw ]I-cp¶ [Àak-c-aw.
_Zvdnsâ {]kn-²o-I-c-W-§Ä¡v hmb-\-¡mÀ \ÂIp¶
{]tNm-Z-\-amWv R§fpsS Icp-¯v. Ipdª hne¡p
aqey-h-¯mb IrXn-IÄ hmb-\-¡mÀ¡p k½m-\n-¡pI
F¶XmWp R§fpsS e£yw.
"_ZvÀ Hcp lrkz IY-\'-¯nsâ c−mw ]Xn-¸m-Wn-Xv.
{]Ya ]Xn-¸nse hnP-b-amWv c−mw ]Xn¸v Cd-¡p-¶-Xnte¡v "_Zvdn\v' {]tNm-Z-\t- a-In-b-Xv. BZy ]Xn-¸n \n¶pw
hyXn-cn-à-amb amä-§Â c−mw ]Xn-¸n ImWmw
IS-¸ m-S p- Ifpw \µnbpw ]e-tcm-Sm-W v. Ah-Xm-c nI
\ÂIn A\p-{K-ln¨ DkvXmZv tImS-¼pg _mh apkvenbmÀ AhÀIÄ¡pw {KÙ cN\ \nÀÆ-ln¨ A_vZpÊemw CÀ^m\n Ip\n-bn-en\pw IrX-ÚX Adn-bn-¡p¶p.
01/09/2008
tImgn-t¡mSv

_joÀ ap−p-apgn
5

{]th-inI
_ZvÀ! apkvenw-IÄ henb {]m[m\w I¸n-¡p¶ Hcp Atd-_y³
{Kmw. et£m-]-e£w t]À {]Xn-hÀjw kµÀin-¡p-¶n-Sw. kXym-kXy
hnth-N-\-¯n\v hgn-sbm-cp-¡nb cWm-¦Ww.
_Zv À ! B t]À tIÄ¡m-¯ -hÀ A]qÀhw; Ckve m-ansâ \ne\n¸n\p th−n \S¶ {]Ya [À ka-c-¯n\v AhnsS If-sam-cp-§n.
Cu {][m-\yhpw al-Xzhpw IW-¡n-se-Sp¯v AXn-s\-¡p-dn¨v Ffnb
cq]-¯n ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bmWv Chn-sS.
{]mam-Wn-I-Ir-Xn-IÄ am{Xw Ah-e w-_n¨v cN\ ]c-am-h[n B[nIm-cn-I-am-¡m³ {i-an-¨n-«p-−v. BZy ]Xn-¸n \n¶pw hen-b amä-§Ä
Cu ]Xn-¸n ImWmw. aq¶v A[ym-b-§Ä IqSn, hni-Zo-I-c-Whpw
hÀ[n-¸n-¨p. F¦nepw Ipä-a-ä-sX¶v Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶n-Ã.
{]tNm-Z-\hpw klmb kl-I-c -W-§fpw \ÂIn-b-hÀ A\-h-[n.
sXäp-I Ä Nq−n-¡ m-W n¨p {]uV-a mb Ah-X m- cnI FgpXn AÂ
DkvXmZv tImS-¼pg _mh apkven-bmÀ, D]-tZi \nÀt±-i-§Ä \ÂIn
klm-bn¨ aäv DkvXm-Zp-amÀ, kl-]m-Tn-IÄ, {]km-[\w Gsä-Sp¯ _ZvÀ
]»n-t¡,³kv þ B ]«nI \ofp-¶p. FÃm-h-tcm-Sp-apÅ IrX-ÚX
ChnsS tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-s«. AÃmlp FÃm-hÀ¡pw Cl-]c hnP-b¯
- n\p-X-Ip-amdv Hcp kpIr-X-ambn CXp kzoI-cn-¡p-am-dm-h-s«.
sI.-Sn. A_vZp-Êemw CÀ^m\n
Xu^oJv alÂ, Ip\n-bnÂ
Aco-t¡m-Sv, ae-¸pdw þ 673 639
t^m¬: 2858354(0483), 9947427197

Ip\n-bnÂ
17þ9-þ2008
6

DÅ-S¡w
Ah-Xm-cnI ............................................................................................... 3
{]km-[I Ipdn¸v .................................................................................... 5
{]th-inI .................................................................................................. 6
XpS¡w ....................................................................................................... 9
Imc-W-sa´v? ........................................................................................... 11
_ZvÀ ........................................................................................................... 13
aZo-\-bn \n¶v _Zvdn-te-¡v ............................................................ 15
A_q kp^vbm³ hgn-Xn-cn-bp¶p ................................................... 19
Hcp kz]v\ hmÀ¯ .............................................................................. 21
Jpssd-in-IÄ Hcp-§p¶p .................................................................. 23
A_q kp^vbmsâ c£-s¸-Sepw A_q-P-lvensâ
Al-¦m-chpw .......................................................................................... 27
kzlm-_¯v _Zvdn-te¡v .................................................................. 29
Ccp ssk\yhpw _Zvdn ................................................................. 33
Gäpap-«Â Bcw-`n-¡p¶p .................................................................. 38
ipl-Zm-¡Ä ............................................................................................ 44
_Zvdn ]s¦-Sp-¡m¯ _Zvco-§Ä ............................................. 46
AÃm-lp-hnsâ klmbw ................................................................... 48
Xe t]mb-hÀ ......................................................................................... 51
_µn-I-fpsS tamN\w .......................................................................... 55
Aºm-kv(-d)sâ tamN\w ................................................................... 59
Nncn¨ aZo-\, Icª a¡ ................................................................ 62
aZo-\-bn-te¡v hnPb t`cn ................................................................ 66
_Zvco-§-fpsS alXzw ........................................................................ 69
kam]vXw .................................................................................................. 71
7

8

XpS¡w
Ckvem-w kam-[m-\-¯nsâ aXw. kam-[m-\-amWv ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv.
kam-[m-\-¯n-te-¡mWv £Wn-¡p-¶-Xv. Hcm-sfbpw A{I-an-¡m-t\m,
aÀ±n-¡m-t\m, Bt£-]n-¡mt\m kz¯v Ih-cmt\m Ckvemw ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶n-Ã. kXy-¯nsâ, hnP-b-¯nsâ ]mX-bn-eqsS P\-§sf ssI]nSn¨v
B\-bn¨v PohnXw If-¦-c -ln-X-am-¡n, ]mc-{XnI PohnXw hnP-b-{]Zam¡p¶p Ckvemw.
""aX- Imcy-¯n _e {]tbm-K-an-à '' F¶mWv JpÀ-B³ ]d-bp¶Xv. _e {]tbm-K¯
- n-eqsS Bsf tNÀ¡Â Ckvem-an-Ia
- Ã
- . A§s\
tNÀ¯Xv sIm−v {]tbm-P-\-hp-an-à . hnizmkw lrZ-b-¯n-e m-Wv.
\mhn³ Xp¼n- e -à . lrZ- b -¯ n \n¶v \mhn Xp¼n-e q- sS-b mWv
hnizmkw {]I-S-am-tI-−-Xv. \mhn-eqsS am{X-am-bm ØncX D−m-hnÃ. hnizm-k-hp-am-hnÃ
a¡-bn kam-[m\ cqt]-sW-bmWv A´y-{]-hm-N-I-\mb apl-½Zv
\_n(-k) Ckvem-anI {]Nm-cWw XpS-§n-b-Xv. Hcmsfbpw \nÀ_-Ôn¸n-¡m-sX, cl-ky-ambn kao-]n-¨p. _lp-ssZ-h-§ sf ssIsh-SnbpI,
krjvSm-hmb AÃmlp Hcp-h-\m-Wv, Ahs\ am{Xta Bcm-[n-¡mhq
F¶v ]dªp. IpSpw-_-¡mÀ, ASp¯ Bfp-IÄ, kplr-¯p-¡Ä F¶nhsc BZy-amZyw Ckvem-an-te¡v £Wn-¨p. aq¶p-hÀj-t¯mfw Cu
\ne-bn-em-bn-cp¶p {]t_m-[-\w. ]n¶oSv AÃm-lp-hnsâ IÂ]\ h¶p.
""IÂ]n-¡-s¸Sp¶Xv Ft´m AXv Dds¡ {]Jym-]n-¡p-I. Cu
ssZh hnizm-kn-I-fn \n¶pw Xncnªv If-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-I.'' CtXmsS
\_n(-kz) ]cky t_m[\w XpS-§n.
_lpssZh-§ sf shSnªv , IÂIq- ¼ m- c -§ sf hen-s ¨-d nªv ,
Ckvem-an-te¡v Bfp-IÄ Hgp-In. Ip«n-IÄ, apXnÀ¶-hÀ, kv{XoIÄ,
]pcp-j-·mÀ, kzX-{´À, ASn-a-IÄ, Zcn-{ZÀ, [\m-VyÀ, iàÀ, _e-lo\À, FÃmw Ckvem-ansâ sImSn-¡o-gn AWn-\n-c-¶p. FÃmw ]Xps¡ ]Xps¡bmbn-cp-¶p. ZpÀ_-e-cm-bn-cp-¶p kXy-¯n-te¡v h¶-Xn-e9

[n-Ihpw. Jpssdio {]ap-J-sc-sbÃmw GI ssZh hnizm-k-¯n-te¡v
\_n(-k)-£-Wn-¨p.
shfn-¨-¯nsâ i{Xp-hmWv Ccp-«v. c−pw ]c-kv]cw Hcp-an-¡n-Ã.
CXv t]mse Xs¶- XuloZpw inÀ¡pw X½n Hcn-¡epw kÔn-bm-hnÃ. kXy-¯n\v FXn-c m-fn-IÄ CÃm-Xn-c n-¡n-à . ]gb ssZh- § sf
ssIshSn-bm³ ]d-ª-t¸mÄ ]eÀ¡pw Zln-¨n-Ã.
kXy-hn-izm-kn-Isf Ak-Xy-hm-lI
- À aÀ²n-¡m³ XpS§n. ]eÀ¡pw
sImSnb ]oV\taÂt¡−n h¶p. ASn, _Ô-\w, `£Ww apS-¡Â,
NqSpÅ aW-en InS-¯Â, AwK-tOZw hcp-¯Â. FÃm cq]-¯nepw
]oUn-¸n-¨p.
]s£, kXy-hn-izm-ks¯ Iog-S-¡m³ Ccp-«nsâ k´Xn-I-fpsS
]oV\, taml\ hmKvZm-\-§Ä¡v km[y-am-bn-Ã. ]oU\w aqew c−v
Xh-Wb
- mbn Nne-scÃmw FtXym-]y-bn-te¡v ]em-b\w sNbvXp. JpssdinI-fpsS ]oU\w XpSÀ¶p-sIm-−n-cn-s¡, {]hm-NI¯ e_vZn-bpsS
6þmw hÀjw ZpÂl-Ön i{Xp \nc-bnse tIa\m-bn-c p¶ Da-dpÂ
^mdqJv apkven-am-bn. CXv apkvenw-IÄ¡v iàn ]I-À¶p. ]c-kyambn IA-_-bn sh¨v \nkvI-cn-¡m-\pÅ Ah-kcsamcp-¡n. hnizmkn-IÄ¡v iànbpw {]tNm-Z-\hptaIn DaÀ(-d)-hnsâ Ckvem-anImtÇjw.
i{Xp-¡-fpsS ]oV-\, Bt£-]-§Ä XpSÀ¶p-sIm-−n-cn-s¡, kXy{]-Øm-\-¯n-te¡v Bfp-IÄ h¶p-sIm-−n-cp-¶p. ]oU-\-§Ä¡v AdpXn-bn-ÃmsXbmb-t¸mÄ AÃm-lp-hnsâ IÂ]-\-{]-Imcw apkvenw-IÄ aZo\-bn-te¡v (b-kvcn-_v) ]em-b\¯n\v Hcp-§n. IpSpw-_-¡m-scbpw k¼mZy-§-sfbpsaÃmw shSnªv Hä¡pw Iq«-ambpw cm{Xn-bpsS bm-a-§-fnÂ
]ecpw ]nd-¶-\m-Sn-t\mSv hnS-sNm-Ãn. hr²cpw ZpÀ_-e-cp-ambn Npcp¡w
Bfp-IÄ am{XamWv a¡-bn Ah-ti-jn-¨-Xv. Npcp-¡-¯n a¡sb
aZo-\-bn ]dn¨p \S-em-bn-cp¶p Cu ]e-b-\w. {]hm-NI e_v[nbpsS
13þmw hÀjambn-cp¶p Cu Iq« ]em-b-\w.
kXyw Xpd-¶p- ]-d- bm³ kzmX-{ ´y-a pÅ a®n Imep-I p-¯n-btXmsS \_n(-k)¡pw kzlm-_n-IÄ¡pw henb kt´m-j-am-bn. \oXn
\njvS-amb kzX{´ cmjv{Sw aZo-\-bn ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯n. Ckvem-anI
AS-bm-f-§Ä {]I-S-am-Im³ XpS-§n. aZo-\-bn F¯nb hÀjw Xs¶
Ppap-A, Pam-A¯v Bcw-`n-¡p-Ibpw _m¦pw CJm-a-¯pw \ne-\nÀ¯pIbpw sNbvXp. t\m¼v, kIm-¯v, Dfvln-b-¯v, s]cp-¶mÄ \nkvImcw
FÃmw sXm«-Sp¯ hÀjw Xs¶ \ne-hn h¶p. A§s\ ]Xps¡
aZo-\-bpsS Npäp-]m-Sn-te¡v Ckvem-anI ktµiw F¯n XpS-§n.
10

Imc-W-sa´v?
a¡-bnse 13 hÀjs¯ {]t_m-[\Ime-b-f-hn ]oU-\-§Ä Gäphm§pI-b-ÃmsX {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m³ \_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw Hcp§n-bn-Ã. A{I-a-§-fn-seÃmw £an¨v AÃm-lp-hn kzbw AÀ¸n¨v Hcp
tamN-\s¯ AhÀ {]Xo-£n-¨p.
\_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw aZo-\-bn F¯n ImÂ]m-Z-§Ä Dd¨p. i{Xp-hyq-l-§ sf t\cn-Sm\pÅ am\-kn-I, ImbnI iànbpw
]Xps¡ hÀ²n-¨p. XÃpw Ip¯pw Gäp-hm-§m-\mbn ]S-¡-s¸-«h
- -c-Ã.
{]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m\pw Ign-bp-¶h
- -cmWv apkvenw-IÄ F¶v Ahn-izm-kn-Isf
Adn-bn-¡Â A\n-hm-cy-am-bn. Nne ssk\nI \o¡-§-sfÃmw aZo-\-bnÂ
Ac-t§-dn. bp²-¯n-\pÅ A\p-aXn AÃmlp \ÂInb tij-am-bn-cp¶p
Hä-s¸« {]Xn-tcm-[-sa-Ãmw. JpÀ-B³ ]d-bp¶p: ""aÀ±n-Xc
- m-bh
- À¡v bp²¯n-\pÅ A\p-aXn \ÂI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. XoÀ¨-bmbpw AÃmlp Ahsc
klm- bn-¡ m³ Ign-h p-Å - h- \m- Wv . bmsXmcp \ymbhpw IqSmsX
R§fpsS dºv AÃm-lp-hmWv F¶v ]d-bp-¶-Xnsâ t]cn am{Xw
X§-fpsS `h-\-§-fn \n¶v ]pd-¯m-¡-s¸-«-h-cmWv AhÀ''.(1)
AÃmlp bp²w A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-¡n-bXv DNn-X-amb ka-b-¯m-Wv.
a¡-bn sh¨v A\p-aXn \ÂIn-bn-cp-s¶-¦n AXv tZmj-am-Ip-am-bn-cp¶p. ImcWw AhnsS apkvenwIÄ \yq\-]£hpw Ahn-izm-kn-IÄ
`qcn-]-£-hp-am-Wv. aZo-\-bn F¯n kpc-£n-X-amb tij-amWv bp²¯n-\pÅ A\p-aXn AÃmlp \ÂIn-b-Xv.(2)
i{Xp-¡-fp-ambn Gäpap-«m-\pÅ A\p-aXn AÃm-lp-hn \n¶v e`n-¨tXmsS Nne ssk\nI \o¡-§-sfÃmw aZo-\-bn D−m-bn. \_n(-k)
t\cn«pw AÃm-sX-bp-ambn(3) Nne Gäp-ap-«-ep-IÄ FÃmw Ac-t§-dn.
1. kqd-¯p lÖv (39-þ40)
2. ahm-ln-_p-Ã-Zp-¶ n¿v (1-þ334-þ35)
3. \_n(-k) ]s¦-Sp¯ bp²-¯n\v lmkvh¯v F¶pw ]s¦-S p-¡msX ssk\ys¯
Ab-¨-Xn\v k\n-¿¯v F¶pw ]d-bp-¶p.
11

F¦nepw Imcy-amb Gäp-ap-«-ep-IÄ H¶pw D−m-bn-Ã. Nne-Xn-seÃmw
i{Xp-¡Ä HmSn-t¸m-bn. A§s\ Ah-cpsS a\-Ên apkvenw-Isf
Ipdn¨v t]Sn hnX-¡m³ CXv Imc-W-am-bn. _Zvdn\p ap¼v \S¶ Cu
ssk\nI \o¡-§-sfÃmw D−m-bn-cp-¶Xv aplm-Pn-dp-IÄ am{X-am-bn-cp¶p. _Zvdn\v ap¼v \S¶ 8 ssk\nI \o¡-§-fn 4 F®-¯n\v \_n(k) t\XrXzw \ÂIn. aäp-Å-h-bn aplm-Pn-dp-I-fnse {]-ap-J-cm-bncp¶p ssk\nI Xe-h-·mÀ.
lnPvd c−mw hÀjw k^-dn \S¶ h±mÀ bp²w apX lnPvd 9
dP- _ n \S¶ X_q¡v bp²w hsc 27 bp²-§ Ä¡v \_n(k)
t\XrXzw \ÂIn-bn-«p-−v. ]e `mK-t¯-¡p-am-bn 47 ssk\ys¯ Ab¡p-I-bpw sNbvXp. F´n-\m-bn-cp¶p CsXÃmw? hnizmk kwc-£-W¯n\pw Bib {]Nm-c-W-¯n\pw Poh³ kpc-£¡pw th−n-bm-bn-cp¶p. \nc-]-cm-[n-Isf sIms¶m-Sp-¡Â bp²-¯nsâ `mK-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã.
apkvenw `mK-¯p-\n¶v 259 t]À iloZv Bb-t¸mÄ 759 Ahn-izm-knI-fmWv 10 hÀj-Im-es¯ C{Xbpw bp²-¯n sImÃ-s¸-«-Xv. B[p\nI bp²-§Ä temI¯v kam-[m-\m-´-co£w XIÀs¯dn-bp-t¼mÄ
\_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_n-Ifpw sNbvX bp²-§-sfÃmw kam-[m\w \ne\nÀ¯m³ th−n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. AXn\v hyà-amb sXfn-hmWv A¶v acn¨-h-cpsS F®hpw C¶v acn-¡p-¶-h-cpsS IW-¡pw.
kam-[m-\m-´-co£w XIÀ¡p-t¼mÄ AXn\v ]n¶n {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶-hsc ASn-s¨m-Xp-¡Â AXym-h-iy-am-W v. \_n(-k)bpw kzlm_m¡fpw a¡-bn \n¶v aZo-\-bn F¯n-sb-¦nepw Jpssd-in-IÄ
]oU\w XpSÀ¶psIm−n-cp-¶p. ZpÀ_-e-scbpw htbm-[n-I-scbpw Jpssdin-IÄ ]oUn-¸n¨v sIm−n-cp-¶p. CXn-s\Ãmw Hcp AdpXn hcp-¯m³
CS-¡nsSbp-−mb bp²-§Ä¡v km[n-¨p.

12

_ZvÀ
hnip² a¡¡pw aZo\m ap\-Æ-d-¡p-an-S-bn ØnXn-sN-¿p¶ Atd_y³ {Kma-amWv _ZvÀ. ChnsS \n¶v a¡-bn-te¡v 343Dw aZo-\-bnte¡v 145Dw Intem-ao-äÀ Zqc-ap-−v. _Zvdp_v\p alve-Zn_v\v \kvcn_v\n
In\m\ F¶-bmÄ ChnsS Xma-kn-¨n-cp-¶p. A§-s\-bmWv Cu {Kma¯n\v _ZvÀ F¶ t]cv h¶-Xv. Ahn-sS-bp-−m-bn-cp¶ Hcp In-W-dnsâ
t]cm-sW¶pw ]£-ap-−v(1). Hcp {Kma-sa¶-Xn-ep-]cn [À½ ka-c-§-fpsS
Ncn-{X-¯n¶v \mµn-Ip-dn¨ Hcp hgn-¯n-cn-sh-¶ \ne-¡mWv Ckvem-anI
temI¯v _Zvdn\v {]k-àn.
Ad-_n-I-fpsS {]kn² hym]mc tI{µ-am-bn-cp¶p _ZvÀ. ZpÂJ-AZv
amk-¯nse F«v Znhkw DÕh el-cn-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. At¶ Znhkw
Ad_n \mSp-I-fn DÅ-hÀ _Zvdn kwK-an¨v hym]mcw \nÀÆ-ln-¡pam-bn-cp-¶p. a¡-bn \n¶pÅ hÀ¯I kwK-§Ä¡v Hcp hn{ia tI{µw
IqSn-bm-bn-cp¶p _ZvÀ. Ad_v \m«nse Jym[n t\Snb I¨-hS tI{µhpw
IqSn-bm-bn-c p¶p. a¡-¡mÀ¡v imap-ambn ]Xn-äm-−p-I-fpsS hym]mc
_Ô-ap-−m-bn-cp-¶p. a¡m-hm-kn-I-fpsS k¼m-Zy-¯nsâ knwl-`m-Khpw
imanse I¨-h-S-¯n \n¶m-bn-cp-¶p. \_n(-k) ]nXr-hy-\mb A_qXm-en-_nsâ IqsS H¶n-e-[nIw XhW iman t]mbn-«p-−v.
iman-te-¡pÅ bm{X _ZvÀ hgn¡v B-b-Xp-sIm−v AXnsâ ASp¯
{]tZ-i-amb aZo-\-bn \_n(-k) Ckvem-anI {]t_m-[\ {]hÀ¯\w
XpS-§ n-bXv Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v Xe-th-Z-\-bm-bn. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶
`b-t¯m-sSbpw kq£va-X-tbm-sSbpw Bbn-c p¶p Jpssdin hÀ¯I
kwLw _ZvÀ hn«p-I-S-¡p-I.
_ZvÀ Hcp Øe-t¸-cm-Wv. B hm¡v tIÄ¡m¯ apkvenw D−m-IpI-bn-Ã. Hcp {Kma-sa¶ \ne-¡Ã _Zvdv apkvenw-IÄ¡n-S-bn {]kn-²am-b-Xv. kXy-¯nsâ AXn Poh-\-¯n\pw kXym-kXy hnth-N\
- -¯n\p- a mbn \S¶ {]Ya ka- c - ¯ n\v If- s am- c p- § nb Øe- s a¶
1. ^Xvlp _pJmcn (9 193). _Zvdp-_v\p lmcnkv Hcp InW-dp- m-¡n. A§s\
t]cv hs¶¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap- v.
13

\ne-¡m-Wv.
Ckvem-an Gähpw {][m-\-s¸« bp²-amWv _Zvdv. Ckvem-ansâ
{]Imiw temI¯v hym]n-¨Xv CXn\v tij-am-Wv. CtXmsS apkvenwIÄ {]Xm] imen-I-fm-b-t¸mÄ Ahn-izm-kn-IÄ ]cm-Nn-X-cm-bn.
kzX-{´-amb Ckvem-anI {]t_ m-[-\-¯n\v AtXmsS Ac-s§m-cp§n. ""_Zvdn''\v apkvenw lrZ-b-§fn D¶X Øm\w e`n-¡m³ ImcWhpw CXp-X-s¶.
kXyhpw Ak-Xy-hp-am-bn-cp¶p _Zvdv bp²-¯nse I£n-IÄ. AwK_-ehpw Bbp-[-ti-jnbpw Xptemw Ipd-hm-bn-cp¶ kXy-hm-l-I-cmb
apkvenw-IÄ¡v F®-¯nepw Bbp[, ImbnI iàn-bnepw D¶-X-cmbn-c p¶ Jpssd-in-Isf Cuam-\nsâ Icp¯pw D¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-¯nsâ
kwXr-]vX-amb \nÀh-lWhpw \nÝ-b-ZmÀVyhpw Ah-k-tcm-Nn-X-amb
ssZhnI klm-bhpw FÃmw H¯p-tNÀ¶Xn\m-emWv \_n(-k)¡pw
klm-_-¯n-\pw hnPbw t\Sm-\m-bXv. aÀ±n-XÀ F¶pw aÀ±\w G¡m\p-Å-X-Ã. Hcp \mÄ AhÀ¡pw tamN-\-ap-−v. _ZvÀ \ÂIp¶ k-tµ-i§-fn H¶m-Wn-Xv. Ckvem-ans\ DuXn-sI-Sp-¯m³ h¶-hsc DuXntbm-Sn-¸n¨p, _Zvdn kzlm_¯v.

14

aZo-\-bn \n¶v _Zvdn-te-¡v
]nd¶ \m«n Ckvem- a nI {]t_m- [ \w XS- k - a m- b - t ¸mÄ
\_n(k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw aZo-\-bn-te¡v ]em-b\w sNbvXp. a¡bnÂ\n¶v aZo-\-bn-te-¡pÅ kzlm-_-¯nsâ ]em-b\w cm{Xn-bnepw
Hä-¡pw, Iq«-am-bn-«p-am-bn-cp-¶p. DaÀ(-d) am{X-amWv Jpssd-in-I-fp-ambn
Zzµ-bp²w \S¯n a¡-tbmSv hnS-sNm-Ãn-b-Xv. Jpssd-in-Isf t]Sn¨v
cl-ky-am-bmWv ]ecpw bm{X sNbvX-Xv. hÀj-§-fpsS A²zm\ ^e§Ä P·-\m-«n Dt]-£n¨mWv XpÑw hkvXp-¡Ä I¿n-te´n a¡tbmSv hnS-sNm-Ãn-b-Xv. amXm-]n-Xm-¡Ä, Ip«n-IÄ, `mcy-amÀ, kplr-¯p¡Ä, FÃm-h-scbpw ]ncn-ªmWv kXy-¯nsâ \ne-\nÂ]n\v th−n
Cd-§n-¯n-cn-¨-Xv.
kzlm-_m-¡Ä a¡-bn Dt]-£n¨ k¼m-Zy-§-sfÃmw Jpssd-inIÄ tiJ-cn-¨p. h³ apXÂIq-«mbn AhÀ¡nXv. aäp-Å-hÀ hnbÀs¸mgp-¡n-bXv sIm−v Jpssd-in-IÄ XSn¨v sImgp¡m³ XpS-§n. A§s\
henb I¨-hS {]am-Wn-bm-bn-cp¶ A_q-kp-^vbmsâ(1) t\Xr-Xz-¯nÂ
Cu k¼m-Zy-§-fp-ambn iman I¨-hSw\S¯n. kzlm-_-¯nsâ Cu
kz¯n \n¶v Jpssd-in-IÄ h³ em`-ap-−m¡n.
I¨- h Sw Ignªv henb k¼m- Z y- h p- a mbn A_q- k p- ^ v b m\pw
kwLhpw iman \n¶v aS-§n-h-cp¶ hnhcw \_n(-k) Adn-bm-\n-S-bmbn. _Zvdn\v ASp¯v F¯n-b-t¸m-gmWv hnhcw In«n-b-Xv. PohnX
k¼mZyw IhÀs¶-Sp¯v i{Xp-k-aq-lw, I¨-hSw sNbvXp-−m-¡nb
hkvXp-¡-fp-am-bn- hcn-I-bm-Wv. Bbncw H«-I-§-fp-am-bn-«mWv A_q-kp^vbmsâ hc-hv. alvda-¯p_v\p \u^Â, Awdp_v\p Bkzv XpS§n
Fgp-]-tXmfw t]cp-ap−v IqsS. A¼-Xn-\m-bncw ZnÀl-ansâ hkvXp1. A_q-kp-^vbmsâ bYmÀ° t]cv klvdv, ]nXmhv lÀ_v_p\p Da-¿-¯v. B\-¡-el-¯nsâ ]¯v hÀjw ap¼v P\-\w. apkven-am-bXv a¡m-hn-P-b-¯n\p tijw. DlvZv,
DÄs¸sS \nc-h[n bp²-¯n apkvenw-IÄs¡-Xnsc ]S-\-bn-¨n-«p-−v. apkven-amb
tijw A\-h[n bp²-§fn \_n(-k)-tbm-sSm¸w ]s¦-Sp-¯p. 100 H«-Ihpw 40
DuIn-bbpw \ÂIn. lnPvd 31 88-þmw hb-Ên h^m-Xm-bn. Dkvam³(-d) a¿¯v
\nkvI-cn-¨p. (Dw-Z-¯p Jmcn 1/79, DkvZp lm_ 5/149þ150)
15

¡-fp-ap−v hÀ¯I kwL-¯nsâ ]¡Â.
\_n(-k) kzlm-_-¯p-ambn A_q-kp-^vbmsâ hc-hns\ Ipdn¨v
kwkm-cn-¨p. k¼¯v IqSp-Xepw Bfp-IÄ Ipd-hp-am-Wv. B hÀ¯I
kwL-¯n-te¡v \n§Ä ]pd-s¸-Sp-I. AÃmlp Ahsc Iogvs¸-Sp¯n
Xt¶-¡mw.(2) Cu hÀ¯I kwLs¯ t\cn-Sm³ kzlm-_-¯n\v
hfsc Bth-i-am-bn. sNdnb kwL-am-b-Xn-\m \njv{]-bmkw Iog-S¡m-sa-¶-hÀ Icp-Xn.
A_q-kp-^vbmsâ ssIh-i-apÅ kz¯n a¡-bnse Jpssd-inIÄs¡Ãmw Ah-Im-i-ap-−v. hÀ¯I kwLs¯ B{I-an¨v Ah-cpsS
Pohn-tXm-]m[n \jvS-s¸-«m PohnXw {]bm-k-I-c-am-hp-¶-tXm-sSms¸w
Bßm-`n-am-\-¯n\v £X-ta¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶
A_q-kp-^vbms\ kwc-£n-t¡-−Xv Jpssd-in-I-fpsS _m[y-Xb
- m-bn.
IS-a-bm-bn, A`n-am\ {]iv\-am-bn. aZo-\-bnÂ, hÀ¯I kwLs¯
e£y-an«v apkvenw-IÄ ]pd-s¸-«n-«p-s−-¶-dn-ª D-S³ Jpssd-in- kwLw
FÃm-hn[ X¿m-sd-Sp-¸p-I-tfm-sSbpw ]pd-s¸-Sm³ Imc-Whpw CXv Xs¶.
A_q-kp-^vbmsâ kwLs¯ tXSn-¸p-d-s¸Spw ap¼v Xs¶ \_n(k)
XzÂl(-d) kCu-Zp_v\p sskZv(-d) F¶n-hsc imw `mK-t¯¡v At\zj-W-¯n-\-b¨
- n-cp-¶p. AhÀ ZuXyw \nÀh-ln¨v Xncn-s¨-¯p-t¼m-tg¡pw
bp²w Ign-ªn-cp-¶p. aZo-\-bn-te-¡pÅ hnPb t`cn-bp-ambn dulm-\nse-¯nb kzlm-_-¯ns\ kmtamZw kzoI-cn-¡m-\mWv Ccp-hÀ¡pw
\ntbmKw D−m-b-Xv.
At\z-jW kwLs¯ iman-te-¡-b¨v ]¯v Znhkw Ign-ªmWv
\_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw aZo-\-bn \n¶v _Zvdn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-«-Xv.
lnPvd c−mw-hÀjw da-fm³ Ggn\v tij-am-bn-cp¶p Cu bm{X. bm{X
Xncn¡pw apt¼ kzlm-_-¯n-t\mSv s]mXp-hm-bp-w A³kzm-dp-I-tfmSv
{]tXy-I-ambpw \_n(-k) A`n-{]mbw Bcm-ªp.
AÐp-Ãm-ln_v\p D½n-a-IvXqw(-d) s\ aZo-\-bnse Pam-A¯v \nkvImc-¯nsâ D¯chm-ZnXzw GÂ]n-¨m-Wv \_n(-k) ]pd-s¸-«-Xv. bm{X-at²y
dulm-ln sh¨v A³km-cn-bmb A_q-ep-_m-_sb aZo-\b
- psS Imcyw
t\m¡m-\mbn Xncn-¨-b-¨p. 313 t]cp-am-bn-«mWv bm{X. 77 aplm-Pn-dp-Ifpw
236 A³km-dp-Ifpw.(3) C{Xbpw t]À¡v k©-cn-¡m³ 70 H«-Iw, anJvZmZv
(d), kpss_À(-d)(4) F¶n-h-cpsS Hmtcm IpXn-c. Adp-]Xv ]S-b-¦n. C{X2. ahm-ln-_p-Ã-Zp-¶n¿ (1/350)
3. 314 AÃ 315 F¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-−v. (kzn-d¯p \_-hn¿ þ 1/364)
4. anJvZmZv (d)sâ IpXn-c-bpsS t]cv k-l-_-¯v, kpss_À(-d)-tâXv ssk_¯v F¶pam-bn-cp¶p (A Iman 2/119)
16

bp-amWv \_n(-k)-bp-tSbpw kzlm-_-¯n-tâbpw ASp-¡-epÅ bm{Xm
kma-{Kn-IÄ. bp²w Dt±-in-¨-ÃtÃm bm{X. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ Imcyamb Hcp-¡-an-Ãm-sX, th−{X Bbp-[-§Ä Icp-Xm-sX-bmWv kzlm_¯v bm{X ]pd-s¸-«-Xv. A³kzm-dp-I-fpsS {]Ya bp²-bm-{X-bm-bncp¶p _Zvdn-te-¡p-Å-Xv.
hml-\-§ -fpsS Ipdhv ImcWw ct−m aqt¶m t]À Htc H«-I¯n³ta Xs¶ bm{X sNbvXp. Dug-ambn Ib-dn-bpw Cd-§n-bp-am-bncp¶p bm{X. \_n(-k), Aen(-d) aÀkZv_v\p A_n-aÀk-Zn K\hn(5)
F¶n-hÀ Dugn-an«v Ib-dnbpw Cd-§nbpw sXfn-¨p-amWv bm{X sNbvXXv. \_n(-k)¡v Cd-t§− k-µÀ`-sa-¯n-b-t¸mÄ Ccp-hcpw ]d-ªp.
A§v Cd-t §−; R§Ä Cd§n sXfn- ¨ p- s Im-Å mw. At¸mÄ
\_n(k) ]dªp: AÃm-lp-hnsâ {]Xn-^e
- -¯n \n¶pw Rm³ sFizcy-hm-\-à . \S-¡m³ \n§Ä Ft¶-¡mÄ ià-c p-a-à . kn²o-Jv(-d),
DaÀ(d), A_vZp-d-lvam-\p_v\p Hu^v F¶n-hcpw sskZp_v\p lmcnkv(-d), A\kv(d), A_q-I-_vi(-d), lwk (d) F¶n-hÀ Htc H«-I¯nt·emWv bm{X sNbvX-Xv.
kzlm-_-¯nsâ ]¡Â aq¶v ]Xm-I-IÄ D−m-bn-cp-¶p. shfp¯
H¶pw Idp¯ cs−-®h
- pw. apkv-A_v_v\p DssaÀ(-d) shfp¯ ]XmI
hln-¨p. ap¶n-embn Idp¯ ]Xm-I-IÄ Aen(-d)bpw A³km-cn-bmb
kA-Z p_v \p apB- Zpw(- d) I¿n- te-´n. bm{X- bn \_n(k) ZpB
sNbvXp: ""AÃm-lp-th, ChÀ \á-cm-Wv. ChÀ¡v hkv{Xw [cn-¸n-t¡W-ta..! ChÀ hni-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv. Ch-cpsS hni-¸-S-t¡-Wt- a.'' \_n(k)bpsS {]mÀ°\ ^en-¨p. H«-I-§Ä AhÀ¡v e`n-¨p. hkv{X-an-Ãm-Xn-cp¶-hÀ¡v hkv{Xw e`n-¨p. `£Ww Bh-iy-¯n\v In«n.(6)
\_n(-k )bpw kzlm- _ ¯pw kz^v d m- l n- ¶ -S p- s ¯- ¯ n- b- t ¸mÄ
hÀ¯I kwL-¯nsâ hnh-c-a-dn-bm-\mbn _-kv_-kp_v\p AwdnÂ
Ppl-\n(-d)(7)-sbbpw AZn-¿p_v\p A_n-Z-lv_mlp Ppl-\n-tbbpw _ZvÀ
`mK-t¯-¡-b-¨p. AhÀ _Zvdnse XSm-I-¯n-\-Sp¯v sh¨v H«-I-¸p-d¯v
\n¶n-d§n shÅ-sa-Sp-¯p. XÕ-abw c−v kv{XoIÄ ISw kw_-Ô5. aÀk-Zn¡v ]Icw A_q-ep-_m-_(-d) BWv F¶pw A`n-{]m-ba- p-−v. dulm-ln sh¨v
At±-ls¯ Xncn-¨-b-¨-tÃm. dulm\v hsc A_q-ep_m_bpsS IqsSbpw ]ns¶
aÀk-Z(-d)sâ IqsS-bp-amWv \_n(-k) bm{X sNbvXXv (Xm-co-Jp Ckvemw Zl_n
2/80)
6. A_q-Zm-hqZv (2744)
kod-¯p le_n (2/148)
7. Jpssk-k¯v F¶pw ImWp-¶p. Jpssk-k¯v t]cpw _kv_kv Øm\-t¸-cp-am-Wv.
(i-dlp apkvenw 6/59)
17

amb Imcy-¯nsâ t]cn iWvT-Iq-Sp-¶Xv _kv_-kn-tâbpw AZo-¿ntâbpw {i²-bn s]«p. Hcp¯n aä-h-tfmSv ]d-bp-¶p. hÀ¯I kwLw
H¶v c−v Znh-k-¯n-\Iw hcpw. AhÀ¡v tPmen-sb-Sp¯v \nsâ ISw
ho«n-¯-c mw. At¸mÄ Ahn-sS-bp-−m-bn-cp¶ aPn-Zn-bp_v\p AwdnÂ
Ppl\n ]dªp: \n§Ä ]d-ªXv kXy-am-Wv. A_q-kp-^vbmsâ
hc-hns\ Ipdn-¨mWv Cu ]d-ªXv F¶v a\-Ên-em-¡n Ccp kzlm-_nIfpw DSs\ Chn-sS \n¶v ]pd-s¸«p hnhcw \_n(-k)sb Adn-bn-¨p.
_ZvÀ da-fm-\n-em-W-tÃm. AXpw t\m¼v \nÀ_-Ô-amb hÀj-hpw.
aZo-\-bn \n¶pÅ bm{X-bn H¶p-c−p Znhkw \_n(-k)bpw kzlm_¯pw t\m¼\pjvSn-¨p. kzlm-_-¯n Nn-eÀ t\m¼v Dt]-£n-¡m³
BZyw aSn-s¨-¦nepw \_n(-k)-bpsS IÂ]\ ià-ambt¸mgmWv Dt]£n-¡m³ X¿m-dm-b-Xv. IpSpw-_-¯n-te¡v aS-§pw-hsc ]ns¶ Bcpw
t\m¼v A\p-jvTn-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. a¡m-hn-P-bhpw da-fm-\n-em-bn-cp-¶p. A¶pw
\_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw t\m¼v D-t]-£n¨p. t\m¼v ico-c s¯
£oWn-¸n-¨m bp²-c w-K¯v apt¶-dm³ {]bm-k-am-bn-cn-¡pw. AXpsIm−v bp²-k-a-b¯v t\m¼v Dt]-£n-¡-emWv D¯-aw.(8)

8. t\m¡pI: kod-¯p le_n (2/148, 3/77) Xz_-Jm¯v C_v\p kA-Zv(-d) (2/15),
^Xvlp _mcn (7/416)
18

A_q kp^vbm³ hgn-Xn-cn-bp¶p
A_q- k p- ^ v b m³ `b- t ¯m- s S- b mWv iman \n¶v hÀ¯I
kwLs¯ a¡-bn-te¡v \bn-¨-Xv. henb k¼m-Zy-apÅ Xsâ kwLw
hgn-bn D]-{Z-hn-¡-s¸-Sm-sa¶v At±lw `mhn-¨p. a¡-bn \n¶v B«ntbm-Sn-¡-s¸«v aZo-\-bn Xma-k-am-¡nb apkvenw-IÄ ]nSn-Iq-Sp-sa¶
Bi¦bm-bn-cp¶p At±-l-¯n-\v. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ hfsc Icp-Xtem-sS-bmWv A_q-kp-^vbm³ hÀ¯I kwLs¯ \bn-¨-Xv. bm{Xm
at[y hgn-bn-ep-S-\ofw At\z-jn--¨p-sIm-−n-cp-¶p. \_n(-k)bpw kzlm_¯pw aZo-\-bn \n¶v X§sf A{I-an-¡m³ hcp-¶pt−m F¶-Xmbn-cp¶p At±-l-¯n\v Adn-tb-−-Xv.
A_q-kp-^vbm\v _Zvdnsâ ASp-s¯-¯n-b-t¸mÄ `bw ]Xn-·-S§v
hÀ[n-¨p. _Zvdn F¯n-b-t¸mÄ aPvZn¿v_v\p Awdp Ppl-\nsb
A_q-kp-^vbm³ I−p. ""hà A]-cn-Nn-X-scbpw It−m?'' A_p-kp^vbm³ tNmZn-¨p. ""CÃ, F¶m c−m-fp-IÄ h¶v XSm-I-¡-c-bnÂ
\n¶v shÅw FSp¯v t]mbn-cp-¶p.'' aPvZn¿v ]d-ªp.
aPvZn-¿n-sâ hm¡v tI«v `b-hn-lz-e-\mb A_q-kp-^vbm³ H«-I-¸pd¯v \n¶n-d§
- n. X{´-im-enbpw _p²n-IqÀa-X-bp-apÅ At±lw AhnsS
I− H«I ImÂ]m-Sp-IÄ t\m¡n \o§n-b-t¸mÄ H«I Imjv«w I−p.
AXn NnIªp t\m¡nbt¸mÄ Hcp Imc¡Ipcp In«n. AXv ]cntim-[n¨v A_q-kp-^vbm³ ]d-ªp. ""CXv bkvcn-_n(-a-Zo-\bn)se Imc¡- b m- W v . DSs\ At±lw hml- \ - ¸ p- d ¯v Ibdn. Xsâ bm{Xm
kwLs¯ a¡-bn-te-¡pÅ km[m-cW hgn-bn \n¶p amän _ZvdnÂ
k]Àin¡msX asämcp hgn¡v c£-s¸-«p.
aZo-\-bn \n¶p apkvenw-IÄ t\cn-Sm³ hcp-¶p-s−¶ hnhcw e`n¨
DSs\ Xs¶ A_q-kp-^vbm³ a¡-bn-te¡v Bsf Ab-¨p. X§-fpsS
Po-h-\pw kz¯pw A]-I-S-¯n-em-Wv. kwc-£n-¡m³ DSs\ ]pd-s¸-SpI
F¶-dn-bn-¡m-\mbn fwfav_v\p Awdp ln^m-cn-sb(1) Ab-¨p. bm{X
1. At±-l-¯nsâ Ckv emw kzoIm-cy-¯n A`n-{]m-b-`n-¶-X-bp-−v. fwf-ap_v\p Dadp lpkm-\n-sb¶ asäm-cm-fp-−v. At±lw kzlm-_n-bm-Wv. (ko-d-¯p le_n
2/143) 20 ankvIm 85 {Kmw kzÀWw
19

Xncn-¡pw-apt¼ fwf-an-t\mSv A_qkp^vbm³ ]d-ªp. ""DSs\ a¡-bnÂ
t]mhp-I, apl-½-Zpw(-k) kwLhpw R§-sf XS-bm³ hcp-¶p-−v. R§fpsS Poh\pw kz¯pw kwc-£n-¡m³ DSs\ ]pd-s¸-Sp-I. Cu hnhcw
F{Xbpw s]s«¶v a¡-bn F¯n-¡p-I.'' {]Xn-^e
- -ambn 20 ankvImÂ
kzÀ®hpw A_q kp^vbm³ At±-l-¯n\v hmKvZm\w sNbvXp.
A]-I-S-kq-N\ Adn-bn¨v sIm−mWv fwfw a¡-bn {]th-in-¨-Xv.
H«-I-¯n¶v apdn-th¸n-¨v, H«II«n Xe-Xn-cn-¨n-«v, hkv{X-¯nsâ ap³
]n³ `mK-§ Ä Iodn. A_q-kp-^vbmsâ IÂ]\ {]Im-c -am-bn-c p¶p
C§s\ fwfw sNbvX-Xv. henb hn]¯v _m[n-¨-Xns\ {]I-Sn-¸n-¡m³
A¡m-e¯v C§s\ sN¿p-am-bn-cp-¶p. a¡m Xmgvh-c-bn \n¶v fwfw
Dds¡ hnfn¨p ]d-ªp. ""AÃtbm Jpssd-in-Isf I¨-hS km[-\w!
I¨-hS km[\w! apl-½Zpw kwLhpw A_q-kp-^vbms\ t\cn-Sm³
]pd-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.''

20

Hcp kz]v\ hmÀ¯
\_n(-k)-bpsS ]nXr ktlm-Zcn BXn-I(1) _n³Xv A_vZp apXzen_v Hcp-kz]v\w I−p. henb Hcp A]-IS kqN\ \ÂIp-¶-Xm-bncp¶p B kz]v\w. I− hnhcw AhÀ ktlm-Z-c³ Aºmkn-t\mSv
]d-ªp. hnhcw cl-ky-am¡n sh¡-Ww. \n§-fpsS kaq-l-¯nÂ
hcm-\n-cn-¡p¶ A]-I-S-amWv I−-Xv. F¶v BXnI Aºm-kn-t\mSv
]d-ªn-cp-¶p.
ktlm-Z-cn-bpsS kz]v\-Imcyw Aºmkv Dä kplr-¯mb hen-Zot\mSpw heoZv DXv_-¯n-t\mSpw ]d-ªp. A§s\ cl-ky-am-¡m³
]dª B Imcyw Jpssdin-IÄ¡n-S-bn hym]-I-ambn {]N-cn-¨p.
BXnI I− kz]v\-an-Xm-Wv. HcmÄ H«I ]pd¯v h¶va¡m an\m¡n-S-bnse A_vXz-ln sh¨v D¨-¯n hnfn¨v ]d-bp-¶p. a¡-bnÂ
sh¨pw a¡-bnse Ing¡v `mK-¯pÅ A_q-J-_okv ae-bn sh¨p
CXp-t]mse ]d-ªp. aq¶v Znh-k-¯n-\Iw \n§Ä ]cm-Pn-X-cmbn ]Xn¡p¶ Øe-t¯¡v ]pd-s¸-Sp-¶n-tÃ..! CXp-tI«v P\-§Ä At±-l¯nsâ Npäpw Hcpan¨v IqSn. ]n¶o-S-bmÄ ae-ap-I-fn \n¶v ]md-IjvWw
Xmsg-¡n-«p. AXnsâ Nofp-IÄ Nn¶n-Ñn-Xdn a¡-bnse FÃm hoSp-Ifnepw ]Xn-¨p.
Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v hcm-\n-cn-¡p¶ Zpc-hØ kz]v\-¯n-eqsS BXnI
I− hmÀ¯ Imc-W-ambn AhÀ¡pw ktlm-Z-c³ Aºm-kn-\psa-Xnscbpw ]cn-lmk icw h¶p. Jpssdin `mK¯v \n¶v Ch-cn \n¶mWtÃm kz]v\-¯nsâ Dd-hn-Sw. ]cn-lm-k-¯nsâ aq¸³ A_q-PlvÂ(2)
Bbn-cp-¶p. A_q-Plvepw kwLhpw BXn-I-bpsS kz]v\s¯ Ipdn¨v
NÀ¨ sN¿p-I-bm-Wv. Aºm-kv(-d) Xzhm^v sN¿p¶ Ah-k-c-¯n-emWn
Nˬ.
A_q- P lv  ]dªp: A_p ^fv  , Xzhm^v Ign- ª mÂ
Ct§m«v hc-Ww. Xzhm^v Ignªv Aºmkv B kwL-¯n-te¡v
1. Ah-cpsS Ckvem-ta-tÇ-j-¯n ]£m-´-c-ap-−v. (ko-d-¯p le_n 2þ143)
2. Ahsâ bYmÀ° t]cv Awdp_v\p lnimw. Hma-\-t¸À A_p lIw. A_q-PlvÂ
F¶ \ma-I-cWw sNbvXXv \_n(-k) (Dw-Z-Xp Jmcn 17/84)
21

t]mbn. A_q-P-lvÂ: A_vZp apXz-en-_nsâ ]p{Xm... \n§Ä¡nSbn F¶m Hcp s]¬ {]hm-N-I h¶Xv?
Aºmkv (d): F´v?
A_q-P-lÂ: BXnI I−v kz]v\w.
Aºmkv(-d): F´m-W-hÀ I−Xv?
A_q-P-lvÂ: ]pcp-j -·mÀ {]hm-N-I-cmbn hmZn-¡p-¶Xv t]mse
kv{XoIÄ {]hm-NI
- Xzw hmZn-¡p-¶X
- n-t\bpw \n§Ä CjvSs
- ¸-Sp-¶pthm?
AhÀ ]d-ªXv ]pe-cp-¶pthm F¶-dn-bm-\mbn aq¶v Znhkw R§Ä
Im¯n-cn-¡pw. AsX-§m\pw ]peÀ¶n-sÃ-¦n \n§Ä Ad_n IpSpw_-§-fn XnIª hymP³amcm-sW¶v R§Ä FgpXn Xq¡pw.
Aºm-kv(-d) ]d-bp¶p: Rm³ kzbw i]n-¨p. BXnI H¶pw I−nÃm-bn-cp-s¶-¦nÂ. t\cw ]peÀ¶-t¸mÄ IpSpw-_-¯nse kv{XoIÄ h¶p
tNmZn-¨p. hr¯n-sI« coXn-bn Cu hr¯m´w {]N-cn-¸n¨ hyàntbmSv Xm¦Ä¡v bmsXmcp hntZz-j-hp-antÃ? Cu hmÀ¯ {]N-cn-¸n¨
A_q-P-lvens\ I−m Rm³ sImÃp-sa¶v BK-X-amb kv{XoI-tfmSv
]d-ªp. kz]v\ hmÀ¯-bpsS aq¶mw \mÄ F\n¡v hÃmsX tIm]-ap−v. Fs¶bpw IpSpw-_-t¯bpw A]-am-\n-¨-hsâ Poh³ A]-lc
- n¨v
\jvS-s¸« A`n-am\w Xncn-¨p-]n-Sn-¡m³ Rm³ sh¼ÂsIm-−p. ]Ånbn sN¶t¸mÄ A_q-Plv D−-hnsS, A]-hmZ {]N-c -Ws¯
Ipdn¨v tNmZn-¡m-\mbn sN¶-t¸mÄ AhÀ ]pd¯v t]mbn. Rm³ a\kn ]d-ªp. Hm i]n-¡-«-h-S-s\..! Fs¶ t]Sn-¨mtWm \o ]pd¯v
t]mIp-¶-Xv. A]-cn-NnX i_vZw tIÄ¡p¶ `mK-t¯-¡mWv AhÀ
\o§n-b-Xv. ]t£, Rm-\Xv tIÄ¡p-¶n-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. A_q-kp-^vbm³
Ab¨ fwf-ansâ hnfn-sbm-¨-bm-bn-cp¶p B i_vZw.

22

Jpssd-in-IÄ Hcp-§p¶p
BXn-I - b psS kz]v \ - hmÀ¯ {]N- c n- ¨ - tXmsS Jpssd- i n-I fnÂ
NneÀ¡p `b-am-bn. Ah-cn NneÀ A]-ISw aW-¯-dn-ªp.
A_q-Plv ]dª -hm¡v þ kz]v\w ]peÀ¶n-sÃ-¦n IÅ-·msc¶v Fgp-Xn-Xq-¡p-sa-¶Xv bmYmÀ°y-am-¡m³ CSw \ÂImsX BXnI-bpsS kz]v\-¯nsâ aq¶mw Zn\-amWv fwfw a¡-bn {]Xy-£-s¸-«Xv. a¡m Xmgvh-c-bn sh¨v fwfw hnfn¨p ]dªp: ""Hm Jpssd-in-Itf... I¨-hS km[\w I¨-hS km[-\w. A_q-kp-^vbmsâ ssIh-iapÅ \n§-fpsS kz¯v e£y-am¡n apl-½Zpw kwLhpw ]pd-s¸-«n-cn¡p-¶p.'' A_q-kp-^vbms\ t\cn-Sm³ \_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw
]pd-s¸-«n-«p-s−¶v fwf-an \n¶v Adn-ª-tXmsS kz]v\-hmÀ¯ tI«v
`b-¡m-¯-hÀt¸mepw sR«n-s¯-dn-¨p. A_q-kp-^vbms\ kwc-£n-¡Â
\ne-\n¸n\v A\n-hm-cy-ambn I−v {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m³ X¿m-sd-Sp-¯p.
Jpssd-in-I-fn NneÀ {]Xn-I-cn-¨-Xn-§s
- \-bm-Wv. apl-½Zpw kwLhpw
B{K-ln-¡p-¶Xv C_v\p lfvd-ans\ t]mse Bh-\m-Wv. AXn-\-\p-hZn-¡n-Ã. AÃm-lp-hmWv kXyw apl-½Zpw kwLhpw ]mTw ]Tn-¡pw.
Jpssdin {]ap-J-scÃmw A_q-kp-^vbms\ kwc-£n-¡m-³ X¿mdmbn F´n\pw X¿m-sd-Sp¯v sIm−mWv AhÀ a¡-bn \n¶v ]pds¸-«-Xv.
A_q- e - l _v Ckv e m- a nsâ _²- s sh- c n- b m- b n- c p- ¶ p. F¦nepw
\_n(k)-bpsS hm¡p-Isf Ah\v t]Sn-bm-bn-c p-¶p. \_n(-k) Hcp
Imcyw ]d-ªm AXv bmYmÀ°y-am-hp-sa¶v hniz-k-ap-−m-bn-cp¶p
A_qel-_n\v. \_n(-k)-bpsS c−v ]p{Xn-amsc þ dpJn-¿(-d), D½pIpÂkp(-d) þ A_q el-_nsâ a¡-fmb D¯v_-¯v, DssX-_¯v
F¶n-h-cp-ambn hnhmlw Dd-¸n-¨n-cp¶p. \_n(-k)sb Bt£-]n-¨-t¸mÄ
A_q-e-l-_n-s\-Xnsc JpÀ-B³(1) kqà-an-d-§n. A_q el-_nsâ
Ccp-I-c-§fpw \in-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXnsâ t]cn \_n(-k)-bpsS ]p{Xnam-cp-am-bpÅ hnhml _Ôw thÀs¸-Sp-¯m³ A_q-e-l_v a¡-tfmSv
1. JpÀ-B³ (111/1þ5)
23

Bh-iy-s¸-«p. D¯v_¯
- v(2) \_n(-k)-tbmSv am\y-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-¨-t¸mÄ
DssX_ \nµy-amb cq]-¯n-e mWv hnhm-l-_Ôw thÀs¸-Sp-¯p¶
Imcyw \_n(-k)sb Adn-bn-¨-Xv. DssX_ ]dªp: ""\nsâ aXs¯
Rm³ ssIsh-Sn-ªp. aIsf Rm³ Dt]-£n-¨p.'' F¶n«v \_n(-k)bpsS hkv{Xw ]nSn¨v Iodn. At¸mÄ \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. ""]nSn-ar-K§fn \n¶v Hcp arKs¯ sIm−v AÃmlp \ns¶ ]n¨n-¨o-´-s«.''
CXp- t I«v A_q- e - l - _ n\pw DssX-_ - ¯ n\pw t]Sn IpSp- § n.
DssX_ ]dªp: Fsâ \miw, apl-½-Znsâ ZpB: Rm³ iman-em-bncns¡ a¡-bn-e pÅ C_v\p A_n I_vi-bp-sS(3) ssk\yw Fs¶
sImÃptam?
A_q-e-l-_p-sam-¶n¨v iman-te¡v bm{X¡v Hcp-§n-b-t¸m-gmWv Cu
kw`-hw. \_n(-k)-bpsS {]mÀ°\ ImcWw A_q-e-l_v t]Sn-¨p.
bm{Xm at²y iman-\-Sp¯ kÀImlv F¶-bn-S-¯pÅ Hcp ]ptcm-ln-Xsâ-b-Sp¯v cm{Xn Xma-k-am-bn. ""ChnsS arK-§-fpsS iey-ap-−v. Fsâ
aI-s\-Xnsc apl-½Zv ZpB sNbvXn-«p-−v. \n§Ä Cu ]cn-kc
- s¯
Ipdn¨v Adn-bp-¶-h-\m-W-tÃm.'' A_q-e-l_v ]ptcm-ln-Xt- \mSv ]d-ªp.
Nc-¡p-IÄ FÃmw Hcp-an¨v Iq«n Npäp-`m-Khpw A_q-e-l_pw kwLhpw
apI-fnÂa-I\pw Dd-§n. cm{Xn-bn Hcp knwlw Xmsg Dd-§p-¶-h-scsbÃmw H¶v hmk-\n¨ tijw Nc-¡nsâ apI-fn-te¡v NmSn-¡-b-dn.
DssX-_-Xns\ ISn¨v Iodn. icocw Nn¶-`n-¶-ambn DssX-_Xv acn-¨p.
A_q-e -l_pw kwLhpw knwls¯ At\z-jn-s¨-¦nepw AhÀ¡v
AXns\ Is−-¯m³ t]mepw km[n-¨n-Ã.(4)
BXn-I-bpsS kz]v\-¯n Akz-Ø-\mb A_q el_v _Zvdnte¡v t]mImsX hn«p \n¶p. ]I-c-ambn A_q-P-l-ensâ ktlm-Z-c³
lmkzn-ap_v\p lnim-ans\ Ab-¨p. 4000 ZnÀlw {]Xn-^ew \ÂIn-bmbn-cp¶p ]I-c-am-¡Â.(5)
Jpssd-in-I-fpsS IqsS ]pd-s¸-Sm³ hnk-½-Xn-¨ asämcp {]ap-J-\mWv
Da¿¯v _v\p Je-^v(6)
2. At±lw ktlm-Z-c³ apA-¯n-_n-t\m-sSm¸w a¡w ^Xv-ln apkven-ambn (kpÀJm\n
4-þ322)
3. Jpssd-in-IÄ A_q-I-_vi, C_v\p A_o I_vi Fs¶Ãmw \_n(-k)sb hnfn-¡pam-bn-cp-¶p. lpkm-A¯v tKm{X-¯n s]s« Hcm-fm-bn-cp¶p A_q-I-_vi. _nw_§sf Bcm-[n-¡p-¶-Xnepw ]m«v ]mSp-¶-Xnepw Jpssd-in-I-tfmSv FXn-cm-bn-cp-¶p At±lw. B t]cmWv \_n(-k)¡v Jpssd-in-IÄ sh¨-Xv. (en-km-\p Ad-_v, C_v\p
akv-DuZv 12-/18)
4. ahm-ln-_p-e-Zp-¶n-b, kpÀJm-\n-tbm-sSm¸w (4-/325-þ26)
5. Bkznav ISw sIm−v he-ª-t¸mÄ ho«m-\pÅ ]Ww \ÂIn-bXv sIm−v ]I-cambn t]mbXv (kn-d-Xp le_n (2/þ144-þ45)
6. Da-¿-¯nsâ Hma-\-t]À A_q kz^vhm³ F¶p `mcy-bpsS t]cv kz^n-¿bpw Hma-\t¸À D½p kz^vhm³ F¶p-amWv (^-Xvlp _mcn 9/189-þ190)
24

kAvZv_v\p apB-Zv(-d) D½-¿-¯nsâ Dä kplr-¯m-bn-cp¶p. Ccp-hcpw hnizm-k-]-c-ambn hncp² tNcn-I-fn-em-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw \à kulr-Z¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. Da-¿¯v aZo-\-bn sN¶m kA-Zv(d) ASp-¡-epw,
a¡-bn kA-Zv(-d) F¯n-bm Da-¿-¯nsâ ASp-¡epw Xma-kn-¡pam-bn-cp-¶p.
Dwd-¡mbn kA-Zv(-d) a¡-bn-se-¯n. Da-¿-t¯m-sSm-¶n¨v cm{Xn
Xzhm^v sN¿p-I-bm-Wv. Da-¿¯pw kAZpw Iq«mbn Xzhm^v sN¿p¶Xv I−v A_q Plv tNmZn-¨p. Hm... A_q kz^vhm³ Bcm-WXv...? kA-Zm-sW¶v Da-¿¯v adp-]Sn \ÂIn. \o ImWp-¶ntà Ah³
\nÀ`-b-\mbn Xzhm^v sN¿p¶Xv. AÃmlphmtW kXyw Xm¦-fpsS
IqsS-b-Ãm-bn-cp-s¶-¦n kAZv aZo-\-bn-te¡v Poh-t\mSv Xncn¨v t]mIpam-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. A_q-P-lv-ensâ Al¦mc hm¡p-I-fm-bn-cp¶p CXv. CXptI«v kA-Zv(-d) D¨-¯n ]d-ªp: aZo-\m hgn-bn CXnepw henb
XS-b \n\¡v GÂt¡-−n-hcpw DSs\ Da-¿¯v kplr-¯n-t\mSv ]dªp. a¡-bnse t\Xm-hmWv A_pÂlJw ]Xps¡ kkm-cn-¡p-I.
kA-Zv(-d) {]Xn-Ic
- Ww C§-s\-bm-bn-cp¶p ""Fs¶ hnSq Da-¿-t¯...!
AÃm-lp-hmtW kXyw \_n(-k) ]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«n-«p-−v. \o
apkvenw-I-fpsS Ic-§-fm sImÃ-s¸-Spw.'' ""a¡-bn sht¨m?'' Da¿¯v tNmZn-¨p. Adn-bn-Ã. kA-Zv(-d) adp-]Sn \ÂIn.
kplr¯v kA-Zv(-d) sâ hm¡p-tI«v Da-¿¯v `b¶v ho«n sN¶v
`mcy-tbmSv ]d-ªp. Hm D½p kz^vhm³ \o tI«ntà kAZv Ft¶mSv
]d-ªXv. F´m ]d-ªXv `mcy tNmZn-¨p. apkvenw-I-fpsS Ic-W-§fm Rm³ sImÃ- s¸- Sp- sa¶v apl- ½Zv ]d-ª n-« p-− v . a¡- bnÂ
sht¨m...? `mcy tNmZn-¨p. Adn-bn-Ã. AXp-sIm−v Rm³ C\n a¡bv¡v
shfn-bn t]mhnÃ. Da-¿¯v {]Xn-I-cn-¨p.
A_q-kp-^vbms\ kwc-£n-¡m-\mbn FÃm-hcpw ]pd-s¸-Sm³ Hcp§n-b-t¸mÄ D½-¿¯v am{Xw X¿m-dm-bn-Ã. A_qPl h¶p ]d-ªp.
Hm A_q-kz^vhm³. a¡-bnse t\Xm-hmb \n§Ä ]n´n-cn-bp-Itbm
\n§Ä ]n´n-bm aäp-Å-hcpw ]n³am-dpw. A§s\ ]eXpw ]dªv
A_q-Plv Da-¿-¯ns\ t{]cn-¸n-¨p. HSp-hn At±lw ]pd-s¸-Sm³
X¿m-dm-bn. `mcy-tbmSv ]dªp: t]mhm-\pÅ X¿m-sd-Sp¸v \S-¯q.
At¸mÄ `mcy Da-¿-¯n-t\mSv tNmZn¨p bkvcn_v (a-Zo-\b
- n)se kplr¯v
]d-ªXv adt¶m A_qkz^vhm³. CÃ, Ah-tcm-sSm¸w AÂ]w Zqcw
hsc-bmWv Rm³ t]mhp-I. Da-¿¯v {]Xn-I-cn-¨p(7) HSp-hn A_q-Pl-ensâ \nÀ_-Ô-¯n\pw hg§n _Zvdnse¯n hmfn-\n-c-bm-bn.
7. t\m¡p-I. _pJmcn (64-þ2, 3950)
25

Jpssd-in-I-fpsS ]pd-¸mSv h³ kÖo-I-c-W-§-tfm-sS-bm-Wv. A¡mes¯ FÃm \ne-bn-ep-apÅ X¿m-sd-Sp-¸p-ap-−v. 950 Hmfw ]S-bm-fn-IÄ
600 ]S-b-¦n-IÄ 200 IpXn-c, 700 H«-Iw, IqSmsX BlvfmZ XnanÀ¯mSm³ Iptd Kmbn-I-am-cpw, Z^vap-«n, apkven-ao-§sf Bt£-]n¨v ChÀ
]m«v ]mSn. Al-¦m-chpw {]Xm]hpw sIm«n-tLm-jn¨v BËm-Z-t¯m-sSbmWv Ah-cpsS bm{X. bm{X-bn `£-W-¯n\v bmsXmcp XS-Êh
- p-anÃm-bn-cp-¶p. AhÀ th−p-thmfw `£Ww Ign-¨p. H¼-tXm, ]t¯m
hoXw H«-I-§sf Hmtcm Znh-khpw Adp¯p. a¡-bn \n¶v ]pd-s¸«
B kpZn\w Xs¶ A_q-Plvev ]¯v H«-Is¯ Iim-¸p-sN-bvXp.
ASp¯ Zn\w A^vkm-\n sh¨v Da-¿¯v H¼Xv F®-t¯bpw Adp¯p. Jpssdin {]ap-J-scÃmw amdn-amdn Ad-hn\p t\XrXzw \ÂIn.
IqsS-bp-−m-bn-cp¶ Aºm-kp_v\p A_vZp apXz-en_v 10 H«-I-s¯bmWv Adp-¯-Xv.
Jpssdin ]XmI hml- I À \fvdp_v\p lmcn- k v, A_q
Akokv_v\p DssaÀ(8) XzÂl¯v _v\p A_o XzÂl, kzmln_v\p
bkoZv F¶n-h-c m-bn-cp-¶p. A_q-Plv Bbn-c p¶p kwL-X-e-h³.
DXv_Xv ssi_-Xv, Da-¿-¯v, i_m_v\p A_vZp apXz-en_v, kwAXp_v\p AkvhZv kpsslÂ_v\p Awdv, XpS§n Jpssdin {]ap-JscÃmw kwL-¯n-ep-−m-bn-cp-¶p.
a¡-bn \n¶v Jpssdin-IÄ ]pd-s¸-«-t¸mÄ KpW-Imw-£n-I-fmbn
Naªv C_veokpw A\p-bm-bn-Ifpw H¸w tNÀ¶p. _\q In\m\
tKm{X-¯nse {]ap-J-\mb kpdm-J¯v_v\p amen-In_v\n PA-vi-anÂ
apZve-Pn-bpsS cq]-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p C_veokv. Hcp sIme-]m-X-I-¯nsâ
t]cn Jpssd-in-IÄ _\q In\m\¡mcpambn i{Xp-X-bn-em-bn-cp¶p.
hgn-bn sh¨v AhÀ A{I-an-¡p-tam-sb¶v `bw Jpssd-in-IÄ¡p-−mbn-cp-¶p. B `bw \o§n. ]qÀ® ss[cy-t¯msS apkvenw-I-tfmSv
bp²w sN¿m³ th−n-bmWv In\m\ {]ap-Jsâ cq]-¯n Xs¶
C_ve okv Jpssd-in-I-fpsS CS-bn {]Xy-£-s¸-«-Xv. ""C¶v P\-§fn \n§sf tXmÂ]n-¡m³ Bcpw-X-s¶-bn-Ã. XoÀ¨-bmbpw Rm³
\n§-fpsS kwc-£-I-\m-bn-cn-¡pw.'' F¶v ]dªv ]nimNv AhÀ¡v AhcpsS sNbvXn-IÄ `wKn-bmbn tXm¶n-¸n-¨p.(9)

8. lfvdv_v\p lmcn-kn\v tij-amWv CbmÄ ]XmItb´n-b-Xv.
dnsâ ktlm-Z-c-\mWv lfvdv. _Zvdn _Ôn-bm-¡-s¸-«p.
9. JpÀ-B³ (8/48)
26

apkv-A_v_v\p Dssa-

A_q kp^vbmsâ c£-s¸-Sepw
A_q-P-lvensâ Al-¦m-chpw
aZo-\-bn \n¶v \_n(-k)-bpw kzlm-_¯pw {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m-\mbn
hcp-¶p-s−¶ hnhcw Adnª DS³ A_q-kp-^vbm\pw kwLhpw
sN¦-SÂXocw hgn c£-s¸«v a¡-bn-se¯n. Jpssd-in-IÄ Pplv^-bnse-¯n-b-t¸mÄ A_q kp^vbmsâ ktµ-i-a-hÀs¡¯n. ""\n§Ä
Bbp-[-§fpw Bfp-I-fp-ambn ]pd-s¸-«Xv hÀ¯I kwLs¯ kwc£n-¡m³ th−n-bm-W-tÃm. AÃm-lp-hnsâ A\p-{K-l-¯m R§Ä
c£-s¸-«p. AXp-sIm−v \n§Ä aS-§p-I.'' ssJkv_v\pfwdn ssJkv
aptJ\ A_q kp^vbm³ Ab¨ ktµ-i-¯nsâ ImX-em-Wn-Xv.
A_q-kp-^vbmsâ ktµiw e`n-¨-bp-S³ A_q-P-lv Xsâ X\n\ndw {]I-S-am-¡n. Al-¦m-chpw Alw-`m-hhpw kwK-an¨ A_q-PlvÂ
]d-ªp. ""AÃmlphmtW kXyw. _Zvdn F¯msX aS-§n-Ã. AhnsS
aq¶v Znhkw Xma-kn-¡pw, arK-§sf Adp¯v `£n-¡pw. IÅp-Ip-Sn¡pw, Kmbn-I-amÀ ]m«p-]mSpw CXp-Im-Wp-t¼mÄ Ad-_n-IÄ R§sf
F¡m-ehpw t]Sn-¡pw.''
A_q-P-lvensâ [n¡m-c-hm-¡p-IÄ tI«v A_q kp^vbm³ ]d-ªp.
CXp sImSpw h©-\-bm-Wv. h©\ ZpÀe-£-Whpw a\p-jys\ \oN\m¡p-¶-Xp-am-Wv. AhÀ ]pd-s¸-«Xv hÀ¯I kwLs¯ c£n-¡m\mWv. F¶m AÃmlp AXns\ c£-s¸-Sp-¯n. Ppss\Zv_v\pÂ
kzev ¯ v _v \ p alv d a Pplv ^ - b n sh¨v Hcp kz]v \ w I−p.
H«I§fpsS AI-¼-Sn-tbmsS Hcp IpXnc¸S-bmfn h¶v ]d-ªp. DXv_¯v, ssi_-¯v, A_p lJw (A-_q PlvÂ) Da-b¯v XpS-§n-b-hÀ
sImÃ-s¸«p F¶v hnfn¨p ]d-ªp. _Zvdn ]n¶oSv sImÃ-s¸«
Jpssdin {]ap-J-scÃmw hnfn¨p ]dª Iq«-¯n-ep-−m-bn-cp¶p. ]n¶oSv
Xsâ H«-I-s¸«n Jpssdin IqSm-c¯
- n-te-¡-b-¨p. AXn \n¶pw càw
Noän FÃm-h-cpsS ico-c-¯n-ep-am-bn. Cu kz]v\-hmÀ¯ tI« A_q-P27

l ]d-ªp. ""AÐp ap¯-en-_nsâ IpSpw-_-¯nse asämcp {]hmN-I-\m-Wn-Xv. \msf i{Xp-¡-fp-ambn Gäp-ap-«n-bm \mw Pbn-¡pw.
Xoˬ.''(1)
A_q-kp-^vbm³ c£-s¸« hnhcw Adn-ª-t¸mÄ _\p kplvd
t\Xmhv Alv\kv _v\p icnJv ]dªp; ""Hm!! _\q kplvd \n§fpsS [\-s¯bpw A_q kp^vbm-s\bpw kwLs¯bpw þ AÃmlp
c£n-¨p. hÀ¯I kwL-¯n-ep-−m-bn-cp¶ t\Xmhv alvda¯v _v\p
\u^ kpc-£n-X-\m-Wv. AhÀ kpc-£n-X-cm-bXv sIm−v C\n \n§fpsS Bh-iy-an-Ã. AXp-sIm−v \mw aS-§p-I.''€AJv\kv _v\p icnJnsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n _\p kplvd, _\q icoJv tKm{X-¡mÀ Pplv^bn sh¨v Xs¶ aS-§n. \qtdmfwt]cv D−m-bn-cp-¶p Cu kwL-¯nÂ.
Cu c−v tKm{X-§-fn \n¶pw Bcpw _Zvdn kw_-Ôn-¨n-«n-Ã.(2)
Jp- s sdin kwL- ¯ n- e p- − m- b n- c p¶ asämcp {]ap- J - \ mWv
Xzmen_v_v\p A_n-Xzm-en-_v(3) bm{X Ipd¨v ]n-¶n« tijw Jpssdin
{]ap-J-c p-ambn NÀ¨ \S-¯n. At±lw ]dªp ""Hm! _\p-ln-imw,
AÃm-lp-hmsW kXyw. \n§-tfm-sSm¸w ]pd-s¸-«n-«p-s−-¦nepw kmlNcyw apl-½-Zn¶v A\p-Iq-e-am-sW¶v \mw a\-Ên-em-Ip-¶p. A§s\
Xzmen_pw Ipd¨v t]cpw a¡-bn-te¡v XncnsI t]mbn.
hgn-b n sh¨v Nne-s c- ¦ nepw aS-§ nb \ncm- i- b n Jpssdin
ssk\yw _Zvdnse DXv_-¯p Jpkvh-bn X¼-Sn-¨p.

1. AÂ _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/302, 03)
2. 300 t]cmWv aS-§n-b-Xv. F¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-−v. (ko-d¯p¶_hn þ 1/369)
3. \_n(-k) X§-fpsS ]nXr-hy³ A_q-Xzm-en-_nsâ aI-\m-Wt- ±-lw.
28

kzlm-_¯v _Zvdn-te¡v
bp²{]Xo-£-bn-Ãm-sX-bmWv klm-_¯v aZo-\-bn \n¶v bm{XXn-cn-¨-Xv. A_q-kp-^vbmsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n Hcp hÀ¯I kwLw
hcp-¶p-−v. Ahsc t\cn-Sm-\pÅ X¿m-sd-Sp-¸mWv kzlm-_¯v \S¯n-b-Xv. AXn\v Ah-tc-¡mÄ "A©v' Cc-«n-bn-e-[nIw Bfp-I-fp-−v.
\_n(-k) aZo-\-bn sh¨v ]d-ªXpw A_q-kp-^vbms\ t\cn-Sm-\pÅ
Imcy-am-Wv. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ \_n(-k) ]pd-s¸-Sp¶ hnhcw Adnª
Nne-scÃmw amdn-\n-¶p. F¶m \_n(-k) Cu amdn-\n-¶-hsc Bt£]n-¨n-à . aplm-Pn-dp-I-fn Nne-scÃmw bp²w ap³Iq«n I−n-c p-¶p.
A³kzm-dpIÄ¡nS-bn {]Xo-£-bp-Å-hcpw D−m-bn-cp-¶p. hfsc Ipdhm-bn-cp¶p ChÀ.
hÀ¯I kwLs¯ tXSn-b pÅ bm{Xm-at[y KXn-bmsI amdn.
kz^vdm-ln-\-Sp¯ Zlvdm-\n F¯n-b-t¸m-gmWv Jpssd-in-I {]Xntcm-[n-¡m³ hcp¶ hnhcw \_n(-k)¡v e`n-¨-Xv. Pn_vco (A) hlvbpambn \_n(-k)-bpsS ASp-¡Â h¶v ]d-ªp. c−m Hcp kwLw þ
A_q-kp-^vbmsâ t\XrXz¯n-e pÅ hÀ¯I kwLw AsÃ-¦nÂ
Jpssd-in-IÄ.(1)
a¡-bn \n¶v Jpssd-in-IÄ hcp¶ hnhcw Dd-¸m-b-t¸mÄ \_n(k)
klm-_-¯p-ambn IqSn-bm-tem-N\ \S-¯n. kzn±o-Jv(-d), DaÀ(-d), F¶nhÀ DNn-X-amb adp-]Sn \ÂIn. ]ns¶, aJnZmZv _v\p Awdv \_n(k)tbmSv ]dªp: \obpw \nsâ dºpw t]mbn bp²w sN¿p-I. R§Ä
Chn-sS-bn-cn-¡mw. F¶v Ckvdm-Cu-eyÀ aqkm-\_ntbmSv ]d-ª-Xpt]mse R§Ä ]d-bn-Ã. \n§fpw dºpw t]mbn bp²w sN¿p-I.
IqsS R§-fp-ap-−v. AÃm-hp-lmsW kXyw. ChnsS \n¶v FtXym-]ybn t]mbn bp²w sN¿m³ ]d-ªmepw R§Ä bp²w sN¿pw. CXp
tI« am{X-bn \_n(-k)-bpsS apJw {]Im-in-I-am-bn. B kzlm-_nbpsS \·-¡mbn \_n(-k) ZpB sNbvXp.
1. ss_fmhn (3/50)
29

""Hm P\-§sf F\n¡v hnhcw Xcq'' \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. A³km-dpIsf Dt±-in-¨m-bn-cp¶p BhÀ¯n-¨pÅ Cu tNmZyw. BhÀ¯n¨v tNmZn¡m³ ImcWw asäm-¶m-bn-cp-¶p. \_n(-k)sb aZo-\-bn i{Xp kwlmcs¯ sXm«v kwc-£n-¡m-\mWv A³kzm-dp-IÄ \_n(-k)-tbmSv ss_AXp AJ-_-bn sh¨v DS-¼Sn sNbvX-Xv. bp²-¯n-\mtbm i{Xphns\ tXSntbm ]pd-s¸-Sp-sa¶v AhÀ X½n IcmÀ sNbvXn-cp-¶n-Ã.
AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-am-bn-cp¶p \_n(-k)¡v Adntb-−n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. AXn\v th−n-bmWv ho−pw tNmZn-¨-Xv.
At¸mÄ A³kzmÀ ]XmI hml-I³ kAZv_v\p apB-Zv(2) tNmZn¨p. ""R§-sf-bmtWm A§v Dt±-in-¨Xv?'' ""AsX'' F¶v \_n(-k)
adp-]Sn \ÂIn. kA-Zv(-d) ]d-ªp. ""R§Ä A§sb hniz-kn-¨p.
hmkvX-h-am-¡n. A§v sIm−ph¶-XmWv kXyw. R§-fpsS IcmÀ
]qÀ¯n-bm-bn. Xm¦Ä ]d-bp-¶Xv tIÄ¡p-Ibpw hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw
sN¿p-¶p. \n§Ä Dt±-in¨ Imcy-¯n-te¡v t]mhp-I. IqsS R§-fpap-−v. AÃm-lp-hmtW kXyw. Xm¦Ä R§sf sIm−p-t]mbn ISen ap§n-bm IqsS R§fpw ap§pw. R§-fn \n¶v Hcmfpw ]n´ncn-bn-Ã. i{Xp-¡-tfmSv s]mcp-Xm³ R§Ä¡v bmsXmcp aSn-bp-an-Ã. bp²¯n R§Ä £an-¡pw.'' kA-Zv(-d)sâ hm¡p-IÄ tI«-t¸mÄ \_n(k)-bpsS apJw {]k-¶-am-bn. \_n(-k) ]dªp ]pd-s¸-Sq...! kt´mjn-¡q....!! AÃmlp c−m-semcp kwLs¯bmWp hmKvZm\w sNbvXXv. hÀ¯I kwLw AÃ-¦n Jpssd-inIÄ. i{Xp-¡-fpsS ]X\
Øm\w Rm³ ImWp-¶p. A_q-kp-^vbm³ c-£-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶psh¶pw
C\n-bp-ÅXv Jpssd-in-I-fp-am-bpÅ bp²-am-sW¶pw kzlm-_-¯n\v
At¸m-gmWv a\-Ên-em-b-Xv.(3)
_Zvdn-te-¡pÅ bm{X-bn dulm-lnse kPvkPv InW-dn-\-Sp¯v
\_n(-k) Cd-§n. Ahn-sS-sh¨v A_q ep_m-_sb aZo-\-bpsS D¯-chm-ZnXz taÂ]n¨v Xncn-¨-b-¨p. aZo-\-bn \n¶v Hcp ssa A¸p-d-apÅ
A_q-l-X_ InW-dn-\-Sp¯v sh¨v Bfp-Isf F®n ¢n]vX-am-¡n.
Atbm-Ky-cmb Nne-sc-sbÃmw Hgn-hm-¡n. Dkm-a¯v _v\p sskZv(-d)
dm^n C_v\p lpssZZv(d) _dm-A¯v _v\p lmcn-kv(-d) sskZv_v\p
2. lkvdPv Imc-\mb kA-vZv_v\p D_m-Z-bm-sW¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-−v. At±lw _ZvdnÂ
]s¦-Sp-¯n-Ã. F¶-`n-{]m-b-ap-−v. Cu A-`n-{]m-b-ap-ÅXv sIm−v aZo-\-bn sh¨mWv
A`n-{]mb {]I-S\w \S-¯n-bXv F¶pap−v. (^-Xvlp _mcn 9/197, ahm-ln-_p-e-Zp¶n¿ 1/352)
3. AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb 3/298-þ99)\_n(-k) c−v XhW kzlm-_-¯n-t\mSv A`n{]m-bw Bcm-ªn-«p-−v. H¶v: A_q-kp-^vbm³ hcp¶ hnhcw e`n¨v aZo-\-bnÂ
\n¶v ]pd-s¸Spw ap¼v atäXv hgn-bn sh¨pw. (^-Xvlp _mcn 9/197)
30

AÀJw(-d) sskZp_v\p km_n-Xv(-d) XpS-§n-b-hsc Xncn-¨b
- -¨p. 16 hbÊpÅ DssaÀ _v\p A_n hJm-kns\ Xncn-¨-b-¡m\v Hcp-§n-bt- ¸mÄ
At±lw Ic-ªp-sIm−v thh-em-Xn-s¸-«-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) A\p-aXn
\ÂIn.
DssaÀ(-d)sâ ktlm-Z-c³ kA-Zv(-d) ]d-bp-¶p. \_n(-k) R§sf
]cn-tim-[n¨v sIm−n-cns¡ A\p-P³ ]Xps¡ ]Xps¡ apt¶m«v hcp¶p. At¸mÄ Rm³ tNm-Zn¨p: ""F´m ktlm-Zcm CXv..?'' DssaÀ(-d)
]d-ªp: ""\_n(-k) Fs¶ I−m aS-¡n Ab-¡p-¶-Xns\ Rm³
`b-s¸-Sp-¶p. Rm³ IqsS ]pd-s¸-Sm³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶p. AÃmlp F\n¡v
cà-km-£nXzw \ÂIn-tb-¡mw.''
DssaÀ(-d) sâ B{K-l-¯n\v hg§n \_n(-k) A\p-aXn \ÂIn.
A§s\ [oc-ambn bp²w sNbvXv _Zvdn Awdp_v\p A_vZpÂ
hpZnsâ Ic-§-fm cà-km-£nXzw ]qIn.(4)
bp²w F¶-Xmbn kzlm-_-¯nsâ bm{Xm e£yw. _Zvdn-\-Sp¯v
\_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw Cd§n. hr²-\mb Ad-_n-tbmSv tNmZn¨p. Jpssd-in-Isf Ipdn¨pw apl-½-Znsâ kwLs¯ Ipdn¨pw hÃXpw
Adn-bptam?
hr²³: \n§Ä Bcm-sW¶v ]d-ªm hnhcw Xcmw.
\_n(-k): R§-fpsS tNmZy-¯n\v adp-]Sn XcnI F¶n-«mhmw AXv.
hr²³: A§-s\-tbm..?!
\_n(-k) : AsX
h²³: apl-½Zpw kwLhpw C¶ Znhkw ]pd-s¸«v F\n¡v In«nb
hnhcw icn-bm-sW-¦n Ct¸mÄ C¶ Øe¯v F¯n. (\-_n(-k)
F¯nb Øet¯ Ipdn-¨mWv ]d-ª-Xv) Jpssd-in-IÄ C¶ Znhkw
]pd-s¸«v þ AXpw F\n¡v In«nb hnhcw icn-bm-sW-¦n Ct¸mÄ
AhÀ C¶ Øe¯v D−v. (A-t¸mÄ Jpssd-in-IÄ DÅ Øes¯
Ipdn¨v Xs¶ ]d-ªp) C\n ]d-bq..! \n§Ä Bcm-Wv..?
\_n(-k): R§Ä shÅ-¯n \n¶v.
hr²³: GXv Pe-¯n \n¶v Cdm-Jnse XSm-I-¯n \nt¶m?(5)
da-fm³ 16\v hymgmgvN \_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw _Zvdn-\-Sp-s¯¯n. Ahn-sS-sb-¯n-b-t¸mÄ i{Xp-¡sf Ipdn-¨-dn-bm-\m-bn ho−pw
kwLs¯ Ab-¨p. Aen(-d), kpss_-dp_v\p AÆmw(d), kAZv_v\p
4. BZy-Im-e¯v apkven-amb aplm-Pn-dmWv Dssa-À. At±-l-¯nsâ hmÄ hfsc \of-ap−m-bn-cp-¶p. (Xz-_-Jm¯v C_v\p kAZv 3/110-þ111, D-kvZp lm_ 3/795-þ96)
5. amA-vsIm−v \_n(-k) Dt±-in-¨Xv ip¢-am-Wv. kp^vbm-\p Cavcn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Cu
hr²³ (C_v\p lnimw 2/255))
31

A_o hJm-kv(-d) F¶n-h-sc-bmWv i{Xp \o¡-a-dn-bm-\mbn \ntbm-Kn¨-Xv. Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v shÅ-sa-¯n¨v sImSp-¡p¶ c−v Ip«n-Isf
At\z-jW kwL-¯n\v e`n-¨p. AhÀ Ip«n-Isf \_n(-k)-bpsS ASp¡Â F¯n¨p. At¸mÄ \_n(-k) \nkvI-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kzlm_-¯nsâ tNmZy-¯n\v c−v Ip«n-Ifpw ]d-ªp. R§Ä Jpssd-inIÄ¡v shÅw F¯n¨v sImSp-¡p-¶-h-cmWv. shÅ-¯n-\mbn AhÀ
R§sf Ab-¨-XmWv. Ip«n-IÄ ]d-ª-Xn kzlm-_¯v Xr]vX-cmbn-Ã. AhÀ B{K-ln-¨Xv A_q-kp-^vbms\ Ipdn-¨-dn-bm-\m-Wv. Xr]vXcm-hmsX kzlm-_¯v Ip«n-Isf ASn-¨p. ASn ià-am-b-t¸mÄ Ip«nIÄ A_q kp^vbms\ Ipdn-¨mbn ]d-bÂ. At¸mÄ ASnbpw \nÀ¯n
\nkvImcw Ignªv \_n(-k) ]d-ª p. AhÀ kXyw ]d- ª mÂ
\n§Ä ASn-¡p-¶p. Ifhv ]d-ª m \nÀ¯p-¶p. AÃm-lp-hmtW
kXyw Ip«n-IÄ ]d-ªXv Jpssd-in-Isf Ipdn-¨m-Wv.
]n¶oSv \_n(-k) Ip«n-I-tfmSv tNmZn-¨p. ""Jpssd-in-Isf Ipdn¨v
hÃXpw?'' ""Cu Nc¡p-¶n-\-¸p-d-¯mWv Jpssd-in-IÄ'' Ip«n-IÄ adp]Sn \ÂIn.
\_n(-k): F{X t]cp−v?
Ip«n-IÄ: Iptd-bp−v F{X-sb¶v Adn-bn-Ã.
\_n(-k) Hmtcm Znh-khpw F{X arKs¯ Adp-¡pw.
Ip«n-IÄ: Nne Znhkw ]¯v, Nne-t¸mÄ H¼-Xv.
\_n(-k) ]dªp: i{Xp-¡Ä 900 tâbpw Bbn-c-¯n-tâbpw CS-bnem-Wv(6) i{Xp ssk\y-¯n-epÅ Jpssdin {]ap-J-sc-sbÃmw Ip«n-IfnÂ
\n¶v a\-Ên-em-¡nb \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. ""a¡-bn-Xm, AXnsâ Ic-fnsâ
IjvWw Xs¶ X½n-te¡v Fdnªv X¶n-cn-¡p-¶p.''(7)
aZo-\ - bn a¡- b n- te- ¡pÅ hgn- bn lJnJv , ZpÂlp- s se-^ ,
Zm¯pÂssP-iv, XpÀ_m³, ae¯v, lJn-Jp lamw, i\q-J, Z^vdm³ hgn-bmWv \_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw _Zvdn F¯n-b-Xv.

6. Hcp Znhkw \qdpt]À Hcp H«-Is¯ `£n-¡p-¶p. AXv sh¨mWv \_n(-k) F®w
IW-¡m-¡n-bXv. Bbncw t]À XnI-bm¯Xv sIm−mWv Nne Znhkw H¼Xv F®s¯
Adp¯v XteZn-h-ks¯ _m¡n D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p.
7. C_v\p lnimw (2/251þ252) A³_n-Zm-bXp h¶n-lmb (3/301þ302)
32

Ccp ssk\yhpw _ZvdnÂ
""\n§Ä (Xm-gvh-c-bn aZo-\-tbm-Sv) ASp¯ `mK¯pw AhÀ AI¶
`mK¯pw kmÀ° hmlI kwLw \n§-sf-¡mÄ Xmsg-bp-am-bn-cp¶p
kµÀ`w.''(1)
_Zvdnse DZvh-¯p Zp³b-bn apkvenw-IÄ Iym¼v sNbvX-t¸mÄ
DZvh-¯p Jpkvh-bn-e mWv Jpssd- in-IÄ X¼-Sn-¨-Xv. Z^n-dm-\nÂ
\n¶mWv kzlm-_¯v DZp-h-¯p Zp³b-bn F¯n-b-Xv. NXp¸v \neam-bn-cp-¶p apkvenw-I-fp-tS-Xv. Imep-Ifpw Ipf-¼p-Ifpw Xmgv¶pt]m-Ipam-bn-cp-¶p CuØ-e-¯v. Jpssd-in-IÄ shÅ-apÅ `mK¯v t\c-s¯sb¯n shÅ tiJ-c-W-¯n-\pÅ Hcp-¡-§sfÃmw \S-¯n.
am\-kn-I-amb {]iv\hpw DÅn `b-hp-ap-−m-bm Dd¡w hcn-Ã.
Ft¸mhpw Nn´-bn-em-bn-cn¡pw. Dd-§n-bm Xs¶ B\µw e`n-¡n-Ã.
i{Xp ssk\yw kÀÆ k¶m-l-§-fp-ambn sXm«-Sp¯v Xs¶ X¼-Sn-¨ncns¡ kzlm-_¯v _Zvdn kpJ-ambn Dd-§n. Dd-¡-¯nsâ el-cnbn-em-bn-cp¶p Xte cm{Xn-bnÂ. _Zvdnse kzlm-_-¯nsâ Dd-¡s¯
Ipdn¨v C_v\p akvD
- u-Zv(d- ) ]dªp: ""bp² AWn-bn-epÅ Dd¡w Cuam\nsâ `mK-am-Wv. \nkvIm-c-¯nse Dd¡w Im]-Sy-¯n-tâ-bpw. bp²¯nse Dd¡w kzÀKw Dd- ¸m-s W- ¶- Xn-t \bpw \nkv Im-c -¯ n- teXv
kzÀKs¯ Ah-K-Wn-¡p-¶-Xn-s\-bp-amWv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv.''(2)
\_n(-k) Dd-§m¯ cm{Xn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. _Zvdn kzlm-_¯v FÃmw
Dd-§n-b-t¸mÄ Ahn-sS-bpÅ Hcp ac-¨p-h-«n sh¨v \_n(-k) t\cw
]pe-cp-thmfw \nkvI-cn-¨p. ""bm, l¿p bm J¿qw'' F¶v kpPq-ZnÂ
BhÀ¯n¨v sNmÃn-s¡m-−n-cp-¶p.(3)
{]`mXw hnSÀ¶-t¸mÄ kzlm-_-¯n\v {]mY-anI Imcy-§Ä \nÀh1. kqd-¯p AÂ^m³ (42)
2. knd-¯p-¶_n (1/376)
3. Zem-Ce
- p-¶p-_pÆ (3/39)
33

ln-¡m³ t]mepw shÅ-an-Ã. Dd-¡-¯n ]eÀ¡pw Ipfn \nÀ_-Ô-ambn. Ipfn-¡-Ww, AwK-ip²n hcp-¯-Ww. Zml-i-a\w hcp-¯W
- w,
H¶n\pw Hcp XpÅn shÅ-an-Ã. shÅ-saÃmw Jpssd-in-IÄ I¿-S-¡nbn-cn-¡p-¶p. AwK-ip²n hcp-¯m³ A¶v Xb½pw \nb-a-am-¡n-bn-cp¶n-Ã.(4) shÅ-an-ÃmsX Imcy-§Ä F§s\ \nÀh-ln-¡pw...? hpfq CÃmsX, Ipfn-¡msX F§s\ \nkvI-cn-¡pw..? Cu ka-b¯v kzlm-_¯n-\n-S-bn {]Xy-£-s¸« Bib¡pg¸w D−m-¡m³ C_veokv {ian¨p. C_ve okv ]d-ª p: \n§Ä kXy-¯nsâ hàm-¡-fm-W-tÃm.
\n§-fpsS hmZw \n§-fpsS Iq«-¯n AÃm-lp-hnsâ dkq-e p-ap-−v.
\n§- fm-s W- ¦n AÃm-l p- hnsâ Huen-b m- ¡fpw. Ahn-i zm-k n- IÄ
shÅw ssI¿-S¡nbncn-¡p-¶p. \n§Ä¡v Zmln-¡p-¶p. Ipfn-¡m-sX,
hpfp-sh-Sp-¡msX F§s\ \nkvI-cn-¡pw.(5)
C_veoknsâ X{´w ^en-¨n-Ã. Zo³ kwc-£n-¡m³ Cd-§n-b-hsc
AÃmlp ssIsh-Sn-bptam? AÃmlp ià-amb ag \ÂIn. JpÀ-B³
]d-bp¶p: ""BIm-i¯p \n¶p \n§Ä¡v ag hÀjn-¸n-¨p X¶p. AXpsIm−v \n§Ä ip²o-I-cn-¨p. ]nim-Nnsâ ZpÀt_m[\w \n§-fpsS
a\-kn \n¶pw \o¡n \n§Ä¡p ]mZ ØncX \ÂIn.''(6)
ag s]bvX-t¸mÄ apkvenw-IÄ¡p shÅw kpe-`-ambn AhÀ th−pthmfw D]-tbm-Kn-¨p. Bh-iy-§-sfÃmw \nÀh-ln-¨p. tijn-¨Xp tiJcn-¨p-sh-¨p. ag hÀjn-¨-tXmsS B Øehpw H¶p \¶m-bn. s]mSn-]-Se-§Ä \o§n. \new Dd-¨p. AtXm-sSm¸w kzlm-_-¯nsâ ss]imNnI _m[bpw \o§n. Npcp-¡-¯n _Zvdnse ag kzlm-_-¯nsâ
a\kpw ico-chpw ]cn-ip-²-am-¡n.
apkvenw-IÄ¡v ag henb A\p-{K-l-am-b-t¸mÄ apivcn-¡p-IÄ¡v ag
tZmj-am-bn-«mWv `hn-¨-Xv. apivcn-¡p-IÄ I¿-S-¡n-bn-cp¶ shÅw aen\-am-bn. AhÀ X¼-Sn-¨n-cp¶ Øe-¯p-IqsS k©-cn-¡m³ ]äm¯
]cp-h-¯n-em-bn. ag hÀjn-¸n-¨p AÃmlp apkvenw-IÄ¡v ss[cyw ]Icp-Ibpw i{Xp-¡-fn `bw P\n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. CXp apkvenwIÄ¡v e`n¨ A\p-]a klm-b-am-Wv. i{Xp-¡-fpsS AwK-_e hÀ²\hpw Bbp[ tijnbpw apkvenw-IÄ¡n-S-bn ]cn-{`m´n ]SÀ¯n-bncp-¶p. AÃmlp ag hÀjn-¸n-¨-t¸mÄ klm-b-¯n\pw hnP-b-¯n-\papÅ Hcp kqN-\-bmbn amdn. bp²-¡-f-¯n at\m ss[cy-amWv th−4. lnPvd hÀjw \men-emWv Xb½pw \nb-a-am-¡n-b-Xv. (Xp-lv^-Xp aplvXmPv (1/324)
5. ahm-ln-_p-Ã-Zp-¶n¿ (1/354)
6. kqd-Xp AÂ^m³ (11)
34

Xv. AXpt]mse CS-dm¯ Im ]mZhpw lrZbhpw. ag-bn-e qsS
AhsbÃmw kzlm-_-¯n\p e`n-¨p.(7). Npcp-¡-¯n GXv `mK¯v
\n¶p t\m¡n-bmepw ag kzlm-_-¯n\v A\p-{K-l-ambn.
{]`mXamb-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) FÃm-h-tcbpw Hcpan¨p-Iq«n ac-¨p-h-«nÂ
sh¨v kp_ln \nkvI-cn-¨p. \nkvImctijw \_n(-k) Ipd¨v t\cw
{]kw-Kn-¨p. bp²Imcy-§sf Ipdn¨pw bp²-¯n-te¡v t{]cW \ÂIpw
hn[hp-am-bn-cp¶p {]kw-Kw.
]ns¶ \_n(-k) Pem-i-b-¯n\p Zqc-¯mbn Xma-kn-¡m³ Hcp-§n.
At¸mÄ lpºm_v_v\p ap³ZnÀ(-d) tNmZn¨p: Xncp ZqXtc CXmtWm
\½p-sS-bnSw. AÃm-lp-hnsâ IÂ]\ {]Im-c-amtWm ChnsS Xma-kn¡p-¶Xv? asäm-cn-S-t¯¡v amdn Xma-kn-¡m³ ]mSntÃ? AXÃm kzm`n{]m-b-{]-Im-c-amtWm ChnSw Xnc-sª-Sp-¯Xv? \_n(-k) {]Xn-h-Nn¨p:
AsX, kzlm_n ]dªp: Hm dkq-te, CXà \½psS Øew i{Xp¡Ä Xma-kn-¡p¶ XSmI Øe-t¯¡v t]mhmw. AhnsS Hcp InWÀ
Ipgn¨v lufp-−m-¡p-I. \mw shÅw IpSn-¡p-Ibpw AhÀ shÅw IpSn¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. ]ns¶ i{Xp-¡-fp-ambn Gäp-ap-«mw.
lpºm-_v(-d)sâ A`n-{]m-b-¯n\v ]qÀW ]n´p-W-tbIn \_n(-k).
A§s\ \_n(-k) kzlm-_-¯n-t\-bp-ambn Jpssdin XSm-I-¯n-\-Sp¯mbn Xma-k-am-¡n. AhnsS Hcp lufv D−m-¡n.(8)
Xmka Øew Dd-¸mb tijw kAZv_v\p apB-Zv(-d) A`n-{]m-bs¸-«p. R§Ä Hcp ]´Â D−m-¡-s«. A§v AXn Xma-kn-¡p-I.
A§-bpsS H«-I-s¯bpw ASp¯v Xs¶ \ndp-¯-Ww. R§Ä bp²w
sN¿pw. AÃmlp hnPbw X¶mÂ; AXm-WtÃm \mw B{K-ln-¡p-¶Xv. ]cm-P-b-amWv \ap¡v F¦n B H«I ]pd¯v A§v c£-s¸-Sp-I.
\_n(-k)¡v B kzlm-_n-bpsS A`n-{]mbw Xr]vXn-bm-bn. At±-l¯nsâ \·-¡mbn ZpB sNbvXp.
Cu´-¸\ Hme-sIm−v bp²-ssa-Xm-\n-bn Xs¶ \_n(-k)¡v Hcp
]´Â kzlm-_¯v Hcp-¡n. \_n(-k) Cu ]´-en Xma-kn-¨p.
Iq«m-fn-bmbn kzn±o-Jv(-d) am{X-hpw. kAvZv_v\p apB-Zv(-d) ]´-en\v
]pd¯v Imh-en-cp¶p; i{Xp-¡sf t\cn-Sm-\m-bn. Iq«m-fn-Ifmbn Ipd¨v
7. t\m¡pI; X^vkoÀ dmkn (15/133-þ35)
8. C_v\p lnimw (2/259-þ60). Hc-_n-{]m-b-¯n ]d-bp¶p; lpºm_v (d)sâ A`n-{]mb-¯n\v ]n´p-W-tb-In. Hcp ae¡v h¶p. IqsS Pn_vcoÂ(-A) D−v. ae¡v ]dªp:
Hm \_ntb AÃm-lp-hnsâ kem-ap-−v Xm¦Ä¡v. lpºm-_n(-d)sâ A`n-{]m-b-amWv
\Ã-Xv. Adn-bptam? Pn-_vco ]dªp. FÃm ae-¡p-I-sfbpw Adn-bn-sÃ-¦nepw Cu
ae-¡ns\ Adn-bpw. (AÂ_n-Zm-b¯v h¶n-lmb 3/304þ305)
35

A³kzm-dp-I-fpw.(9) C¶v _Zvdn-e pÅ akvPn-Zp lcoiv Cu ]´Â
D−m-bn-cp¶ Øe-¯mWv \ne sImÅp-¶-Xv.(10) ]Ån-bpsS t]cv Xs¶
]´-ens\ HmÀan-¸n¡pwhn[-am-Wv.
bp²w Bcw-`n¡pw apt¼ Xs¶ \_n(-k) kzlm-_-¯n\v Jpssdin-IÄ Hmtcm-cp-¯cpw \new ]Xn-¡p¶ Øew ImWn¨v sImSp-¯n-cp¶p. \_n(-k) ]dªp: CXmWv C¶-hsâ ]X\ Øew. F¶n«v
AhnsS ssIsh¨v ImWn-¨p. \_n(-k) Nq−n-¡m-Wn¨ Øe¯v \n¶v
Hcm-fp-sSbpw ]X\w Øew amdn-bn-Ã.(11) apivcn-¡p-IÄ 70 t]À acn¨p
hoW Øew CXp-t]mse \_n(-k) ImWn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯n-cp¶p.(12)
apkvenw-I-fpsS hnh-c-a-dn-bm-\mbn Jpssd-in-IÄ Dssa-dp_v\p hl_ns\ Ab-¨p. apkvenw-I-fpsS CS-bn-te¡v IpXn-c-bp-ambn BZyw Cd§n-bXv Dssa-dm-Wv.(13) DssaÀ IpXn-c -¸p-d¯v h¶v kzlm-_-¯nsâ
Xma-k-Ø-e ¯v AÂ]-t\cw Npän-b-Sn-¨p. kzlm-_-¯nsâ cwK-§ sfÃmw ho£n¨v Xncn¨v t]mb DssaÀ Jpssd-in-I-tfmSv ]dªp. GItZiw 300 t]À D−v AhÀ. Ipd¨v kabw IqSn Xcq. Rm³ H¶pw-IqSn
ho£n-¡-s«. A§s\ DssaÀ B ae-s©-cphv apgp-h³ Npän-\-S-¶p.
H¶pw ImWmsX Xncn¨p h¶p. DssaÀ Jpssd-in-I-tfmSv ]dªp;
Rm³ H¶pw I−n-«n-Ã. acn-¡m³ X¿m-dmb Nnesc I−p. A`-b-tI{µtam {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m³ Bbp-[tam AhÀ¡n-Ã. \n§-fpsS hmfp-I-fÃmsX asäm¶pw AhÀ¡n-Ã. \n§-fn \n¶v Ipd¨v t]sc sIm¶n-«ÃmsX Ah-cn Hcmfpw acn-¡n-Ã. Cu `qcn-]-£-apÅ \n§Ä AhcpsS F®-t¯m-f-sa-¯n-bm ]ns¶ F´n\v Pohn-¡Ww? CXv tI«9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Ibid : (3/309)
kod-¯p-¶ -_hn (1/378)
kzlolv apkvenw (30, 83, 17779), A_q-Zm-hqZv (2679)
anÀIm¯v idlp anivIm¯v (11/165)
Jpssdin {]ap-J-\m-bn-cp¶p DssaÀ, kz^vhm\p_v\p Da-¿-¯nsâ ]nXrhy ]p{X\m-bn-cp-¶p. Ccp-hcpw X½n Hcp c-lky IcmÀ sNbvXp. DssaÀ ]dªp: F\n-s¡§m\pw IS-an-Ãm-bn-cp-s¶-¦n aZo-\-bn t]mbn Rm³ apl-½-Zns\ sImÃp-am-bn-cp¶p. kz^vhm³ ]dªp: \nsâ ISw Rmt\-äp. DssaÀ t]mIm³ X¿m-dm-bn. hnjaq-«nb hmfp-ambn DssaÀ aZo\m ]Ån¡p ap¼n {]Xy-£-s¸-«p. DaÀ(-d) A³kzmdp-If
- p-ambn _Zvdns\ Ipdn¨v kwkm-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-t¼m-gmWv DssaÀ {]Xy-£-s¸-«X
- v. DSs\
\_n(-k)¡v hnhcw \ÂIn. Dssa-dn-t\-bp-ambn DaÀ(-d) \_n(-k)-bpsS ASp-¡Â
h¶p. \_n(-k) F´m DssaÀ? _Ôn-Isf tamNn-¸n-¡m-\mWv DssaÀ ]d-ªp. AXn\v
F´n\m Ac-bn hmÄ \_n(-k) tNmZn-¨p. \miw... DssaÀ ]d-ªp. DssaÀ \n§fpw
kz^vhm\pw X½n-epÅ IcmÀ F´m \_n(-k) tNmZn-¨p. DssaÀ AXp-tI«v ]cn-{`m´-\m-bn. aämcp-a-dn-bm-sX-bm-bn-cp¶p IcmÀ. F§s\ \_n(-k) Adn-ªp. AtXmsS
At±lw ap-kven-am-bn. a¡-bn sN¶v {]t_m-[\w \S-¯n. \nc-h[n t]À DssaÀ
aptJ\ Ckvem-an-te¡v h¶p. apivcn-¡p-IÄ At±-ls¯ Bt£-]n-¨p. kz^vhm³
IcmÀ ]men-¨-Xp-an-Ã. (D-kvZp lm_ 3/796-þ97)
36

t¸mÄ Jpssd-in-IÄ¡n-S-bn AÂ]w hmKzm-Z-§Ä D−m-bn.
Dssa-d nsâ hm¡v tI«v lJoav _ v\ p lpkmw DXv_ -¯ n-t \mSv
]dªp. Hm A_p heoZv Jpssd-in-I-fpsS t\Xm-hm-WtÃm Xm¦Ä.
\n§-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-sa´v? lJnw A\p-bm-bn-I-sf-bp-ambn \n§Ä
t]mhp-I. \n§fpsS Iq«-¯nÂs]« Awdv_v\p lfvd-an-bpsS Imcyhpw
t\m¡p-I.
DXv_: A§s\ sN¿mw. F¶mepw A_p lJ-an-t\mSv hnh-csam¶v ]d-bp-I.
lJo-ap-am-bpÅ kwkm-c-¯n\p tijw DXv_Xv Jpssd-in-IÄ¡n-Sbn-te-¡n-d-§n. At±lw Hcp \o− {]kwKw \S-¯n. ""apl-½Z- n-t\bpw
kwL-t¯bpw sIm¶Xv sIm−v \ap¡v bmsXmcp {]tbm-P-h-\-hp-anÃ. _Ôp-¡-fp-am-bn-«mWv \mw ]c-kv]cw Gäp-ap-«p-¶-Xv. Gäp-ap-«n-bmÂ
apJ-t¯mSp apJw t\m¡m-Xm-hpw. AXp-sIm−v aS-§pI'' XpS-§nb
Imcy-§-sfÃmw DXv_¯v {]kw-K-¯n sIm−p-h-¶p.
lJnw A_q-P-lvens\ I−p. lJnw ]dªp: ""DXv_-¯mWv
Fs¶ Ct§m«v Ab-¨-Xv. apl-½-Zn-t\bpw kwL-t¯bpw Hgn-hm¡n
\ap¡v aS-§n-¡q-sS.'' lJnw tNmZn¨p: aS-§p¶ {]iv\-ta-bn-Ã. \½psSbpw apl-½-Zn-sâbpw CS-bn AÃmlp Hcp Xocp-am-\s
- a-Sp-¡-s«. apl½-Znsâ Iq«-¯n DXv_-¯nsâ aI-\p-−v. aIsâ Imcy-¯n t]Sn¨v
sIm−mWv DXv_¯v aS-§m³ ]d-bp-¶Xv. A_q-Plvev Ban-dp_v\p
lfvd-an-sb(14) hnfn-¨p-]-dªp: \nsâ ktlm-Zcs\ sIm¶ kwL-anXm. Ah-sc-sXm«v aS-§m-\mWv \nsâ kJy-I£n ]d-bp-¶Xv DSs\
BanÀ FWoäv hnIm-cc
- q-t]W ]dªp: Hm Awtd! Hm Awtd!! CtXmsS
cwK-amsI amdn. P\w Cf-In. A_q Plvensâ X{´w ^en-¨p. DXv_¯v
]cm-P-b-s¸-«p.(15)

14. lnPvdv c−v dP-_n \_n(-k) Jpssdin kwLs¯ tXSn Hcp kwLs¯ Ab-¨ncp-¶p. aplm-Pn-dp-IÄ am{X-apÅ Cu F«v AwK-§-fpsS Xe-h³ A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p
Plviv Bbn-cp¶p. AhÀ Jpssdin hÀ¯I kwL-hp-ambn Gäp-ap-«n. hmJn-Zp_v\p
A_vZp-Ãm-ln Xao-an-bpsS At¼äv hÀ¯I kwL Xe-h-\pw, Ban-dnsâ ktlm-Z-c\p-amb Awdp_v\p lfvdan sImÃ-s¸-«n-cp-¶ p. (AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb 3/283þ84)
15. C-_v\p lnimw (2/261-þ62) AÂ _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/307þ308)
37

Gäpap-«Â Bcw-`n-¡p¶p
Ckvemw AÃm-lp-hnsâ aX-am-Wv. AX-nsâ kwc-£Ww AÃmlp
Gsä-Sp-¯-Xm-Wv. AX-h³ \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. X{´-im-enbmb AÃmlp kzlm-_-¯nsâ CS-bn-epw, Jpssd-in-I-fpsS CS-bnepw
henb X{´w {]tbm-Kn-¨p.
apJm-ap-J-sa-¯n-b-t¸mÄ kzlm-_-¯n-te¡v t\m¡p-t¼mÄ Jpssdin-IÄ¡v tXm¶pw AhÀ hfsc Ipd-hm-Wv. 70 AsÃ-¦n \qdv t]À
am{Xw. apkvenw-IÄ Xncn¨v ho£n-¨mepw AhØ CXp-t]m-se-X-s¶bm-bn-cp-¶p. C_v\p akv-Du-Zv(-d) ]d-bp¶p: AhÀ 70tXm 100Hm t]cpÅ-X m-bn-« mWv R- § Ä¡v tXm¶n-b -Xv. i{Xp-¡Ä _e-lo-\-c m- Wv.
Ahsc thKw Iogvs¸-Sp-¯n hnPbw sIm¿mw. F¶v Ccp ssk\y-§fpsS a\-knepw AÃmlp tXm¶n-¸n-¨p. JpÀ-B³ kvacn-¡p-¶p; ""\n§Ä
I−p-ap-«nb k-µÀ`-¯n \n§-fpsS ZrjvSn-bn Ahsc Ipd¨v am{Xambn ImWn-¡p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS ZrjvSn-bn \n§-fpsS F®hpw Ipd¨v
ImWn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX kµÀ`w HmÀ¡p-I. \S-t¡-−-Xmb Hcp Imcyw
AÃmlp \nÀh-ln-¡p-hm³ th−n-bs{X AXv. AÃmlphn¦-te-¡mWv
Imcy-§Ä aS-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv.(1)
bp²w XpS-§n-b-t¸mÄ AÃmlp asämcp X{´-amWv {]tbm-Kn-¨-Xv.
Jpssd-in-IÄ¡n-S-bn t]Snbpw `bhpw D−m-hm\pw Bß ss[cyw
tNmÀ¶v t]mhm-\p-ambn apkvenw-IÄ hfsc IqSp-X-ep-Å-Xmbn Jpssdin-Isf tXm¶n-¸n-¨p. apkvenw-If
- psS aq¶n-c-«n-bm-bn-cp-¶tÃm i{Xp-¡Ä.
AXp-sIm-−mWv C§-s\-sbmcp X{´w {]tbm-Kn-¨-Xv.
Ccp ssk\yhpw A`n-ap-J-ambn \ne-sIm-−-t¸mÄ GXp-k-a-b¯pw
bp²w s]m«n-¸p-d-s¸-Sm-sa¶ ØnXn-bm-bn. ag hÀjn¨v Jpssd-in-I-fpsS
shÅw aen-\-am-b-t¸mÄ kzlm-_-¯n-sâ-b-Sp-¡-e pÅ ip²-shÅw
e£y-am¡n i{Xp-¡Ä Icp-¡Ä \o-¡n.
da-fm³ 17 shÅn-bmgvN kp_vln-sâ ka-b-¯mWv _Zvdn t]mcn\v
1. A³^m þ 44
38

XpS¡w Ipdn-¡p-¶-Xv(2). i{Xp-]-£-¯p\n¶v Akvh-Zp_v\p A_vZpÂ
AkZv A aJvZqan i]Yw sNbvXp ]pd-s¸«p. lufn \n¶v Rm³
shÅw IpSn-¡pw. AsÃ-¦n s]mfn-¡pw. AXp-a-sÃ-¦n Rm³ acn¡pw. CX-à m¯ asäm-¶n-à . CXpw ]dªv AkvhZv kzlm-_¯v
\nÀan¨ lufnsâ `mK-t¯-¡p h¶p. DSs\ lwk(-d) Ah\p t\sc
Nodn ASp-¯p. Ccp-hcpw X½n s]mcnª t]mcm-«-am-bn. AkvhZnsâ IW-¦m-en\v Xmsg-bmbn lwk(-d) sh«n. A«-l-kn¨v sIm−v
lufnsâ A¸p-d-¯mbn Imen \n¶v cà-ap-änb \ne-bn aeÀ¶Sn¨p hoWp. Xsâ i]Yw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡m-\mbn AkvhZv lufnsâbSpt¯¡v Cgªv \o§n-b-t¸mÄ lwk(-d) Akvh-Zns\ AhnsS sh¨v
sIme-s¸-Sp-¯n. _Zvdn BZy-ambn sImÃ-s¸-«Xv Akvh-Zm-Wv.(3)
AkvhZv h[n-¡-s¸« DSs\ Jpssd-in-I-fn \n¶v aq¶p-t]À Cd§n
h¶p. DXv_-¯p_v\p d_o-A, ktlm-Z-c³ ssi_-¯v, aI³ heo-Zv
DSs\ Chsc t\cn-Sm-\mbn A³kzm-dp-I-fmb lu^p_v\p lmcn-kv,
apA-ÆnZv _v\p lmcnkv, A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p dhm-l(d)(4) F¶n-hÀ
t]mÀ¡-f-¯n-en-d-§ n.
Chsc I−-am-{X-bn i{Xp-¡Ä tNmZn¨p \n§-fmcv?
A³kzm: R§Ä A³kzm-dp-IÄ
i{Xp: R§Ä¡p \n§-sf-bà th−-Xv.
i{Xp-¡Ä D¨-¯n hnfn¨v Iqhn, Hm apl-½Zv! R§-fpsS hn`m-K¯n s]«-hsc Ct§m-«-b-¡q(5). DSs\ \_n(-k) Dss_-Z¯v_v\p
lmcn-kv(-d), lwk(-d), Aen(-d) F¶n-hsc i{Xp-¡sf t\cn-Sm-\mbn
\ntbm-Kn-¨p.
Chsc I−-t¸mÄ i{Xp-¡Ä tNmZn-¨p: \n§-fmcv? Hmtcm kzlm_n-Ifpw t]cv ]dªv ]cn-P-b-s¸-Sp-¯n. a¡-¡m-cmb Chsc I−t¸mÄ i{Xp t]mcm-fn-IÄ¡v kwXr-]vXn-bm-bn. am\y-·m-cmb AXn-YnIÄ F¶mWv aqhcpw Chsc¡pdn¨v ]dªXv.
{]mb-¯n-\-\p-k-cn-¨mWv FXn-cm-fn-Isf t\cn-«-Xv. Iq«-¯n {]mbw
IqSp-X-e pÅ Dss_-Z(-d) DXv_-¯n-t\-bpw, lwk(-d) ssi_-¯n-t\bpw, Aen(-d) heo-Zn-s\-bp-am-Wv t\cn-«-Xv. lwk(-d), Aen(-d) X§2. Xmcolv Xz_vcn (2/148)
3. A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p A_vZp Ak-Znsâ ktlm-Zc
- -\mWv AkvhZ- v. A´y-\m-fn BZyambn heXv ssIsIm−v A_v Zpà InXm_v hm§p-t¼mÄ Akv h-ZmWv CSXv
ssIsIm−v BZy-ambn InXm_v hm-§p-I. (ko-d-¯p-¶-_hn 1/379)
4. \_n(-k)bpsS k½-X-an-Ãm-sX-bmWv ChÀ ]pd-s¸-«-Xv. F¶m CXnsâ t]cn \_n(k) Ahsc Bt£-]n-¨-Xp-an-Ã. (Hu-\p a-Av-_qZv 7/234)
5. aplm-Pn-dp-I-tf-bmWv AhÀ Dt±-in-¨-Xv.
39

fpsS FXn-cm-fn-Isf s]s«¶v Xs¶ hogv¯n ba-]p-cn-bn-te-¡-b-¨p.
Dss_-Z(-d) Dw DXv_¯pw t]mcm«w XpSÀ¶-t¸mÄ t]mÀ¡-f-¯n-epÅ
lwk(-d), Aen(-d) F¶n-hÀ klm-b-¯n-s\-¯n. Ccp-hcpw IqSn DXv_¯ns\ \new-]-cn-im-¡n.
i{Xp-hnsâ sht«ä apdn-hn \n¶v cà-sam-en-¡p¶ Imep-ambn
Dss_-Z(-d)-hns\ Ccp-hcpw IqSn \_n(-k)-bpsS Acn-In-se-¯n-¨p.
Dss_-Z(-d) Xsâ IhnÄ XSw \_n(-k)-bpsS ]cn-ip-²-amb ImenÂsh¨p. At±lw tNmZn¨p; Rm³ ilo-ZmtWm \_n-tb...? AsX Dss_Z!
\_n(-k) {]Xn-h-Nn-¨p. CXp-tI«v kzlm_n ]dªp: A_q-Xzm-ens_-§m\pw Fs¶ I−n-cp-s¶-¦n A§sb kwc-£n-¡m³ bYmÀ°
Ah-Imin Rm\m-sW¶v ]d-bp-am-bn-cp¶p-sh¶v ]dªv H-c p-Imhyw
sNmÃn. _Zvdn \n¶v aZo-\-bn-te-¡pÅ bm{Xm-at[y kz^vdm-lnÂ
sh¨v Dss_-Z(-d) ilo-Zm-bn. AhnsS Xs¶ J_-d-S-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
\_n(-k)-bpsS hm¡pw A£-cmÀ°-¯n ]peÀ¶p.
lwk(-d) D¯v_-¯ns\ sIm¶-t¸mÄ At±-l¯
- nsâ aIfpw A_qkp-^vbmsâ `mcy-bp-amb lnµv i]Yw sNbvXp. ]nXm-hnsâ sIme¡v
]I-c -a mbn lwk-bpsS IcÄ Rm³ `£n-¡pw. ASn-a- bm- bn-c p¶
hlvinsb D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯n DlvZv bp²-¯n lwk(-d) s\ sImes¸-Sp-¯n-sIm-−v, lnµv Xsâ i]Yw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n.(7)
C§s\ \_n(-k)-bpsS lufn \n¶v shÅw IpSn-¡m³ h¶-hscÃmw h[n-¡-s¸-«p. F¶m i{Xp-]-£¯v \n¶v lJn-ap_v\p lnimw
shÅ-sa-Sp-¡m-\mbn IpXn-c-¸p-d¯v h¶-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) A\p-hmZw
\ÂIn. At±lw ]n¶oSv apkven-am-bn. AXn\p tijw kXyw sN¿pt¼m-sgÃmw lJn-ap_v\p lnimw(-d) ]d-bp-am-bn-cp¶p ""_Zvdn Fs¶
c£n¨ dºmWv kXyw.''
Jpssdin `mK¯v \n¶v \mev {]ap-JÀ sImÃ-s¸«tXmsS cwK-amsI
amdn. tbm²m-¡Ä ]c-kv]cw CS-I-e-cm³ XpS-§n. \_n(-k) ]´en \n¶v ]pd-¯p-h-¶p. kzlm-_-¯ns\ AWn-bmbn \nÀ¯n, I¿nÂ
Hcp hSnbpw ]nSn¨v AWn-Isf ]cn-tim-[n¨v sIm−n-cns¡ AÂ]w
apt¶m«v XÅn \n¶n-cp¶ khm-Zp_v\p lpssk³(-d)sâ hb-cn\v hSnsIm−v ]Xps¡ H¶v Xgp-In. ""Hm k-hmsZ t\sc \n¡q.'' \_n(-k)
]d-ªp. At¸mÄ B kzlm_n ]d-ªp. kXyhpw \oXn-bp-am-bn-«mWtÃm As§ Ab-¨-Xv. AXp-sIm−v {]Xn-{In-b-sb-Sp-¡-Ww. DSs\
6. A¶v Dss_-Z(-d)-bpsS hbkv 63, lwk (d) tâXv 58, Aen(-d)-tâXv 20, (i-dlp
kpÀJm\n 2/276)
7. AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/310-þ12), ahm-ln-_p-Ã-Zp-¶n¿ (1/354-þ56)
40

\_n(-k) Xsâ hbdv ImWn¨v sImSp-¯p. I−-am-{X-bn khm-Zv(-d)
hkv{Xw \o§nb ]cn-ip² ico-c-¯n NpSp-Npw-_\w AÀ¸n¨p. CXpI-−-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) tNmZn-¨p. F´m khmZv CXv? At±lw ]dªp:
Fsâbpw \n§-fp-sS ico-chpw X½n kv]Àin¨v \½Ä X½n-epÅ
Ah-km\ IcmÀ CXv BIm³ Rm³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶p \_n-tb...! B
kzlm-_n-bpsS \·-¡mbn \_n(-k) ZpB sNbvXp.(8)
AWn-bmbn \n¶ kzlm-_-¯n-t\mSv \_n(-k) IÂ]n¨p; IÂ]\
hcpw-hsc Ah-tcmSv kl\w ImWn-¡-cp-Xv. AhÀ \n§sf D]-{Z-hn¨m As¼bvXp Xpc-¯p-I.
kzlm-_-¯n\p \nÀt±iw \ÂIn. \_n(-k) ]´-en {]th-in-¨p.
IqsS kn²oJv(-d)bpw ]pd¯v kAZv_v\p apB-Zv(-d)hpw kwLhpw
Imhepw \n¶p. ]´-en {]th-in¨ \_n(-k) \nc-´cw ZpB sNbvXp
sIm−n-cp-¶p. AÃm-lpth \nsâ Icm-dn-t\bpw hmKvZm-\-s¯bpw Rm³
tXSp-¶p. \o Dt±-in-¨m ]ns¶ Cu Zn\-¯n\p tijw \o Hcn-¡epw
Bcm-[n-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bn-Ã. ZpB \o−-t¸mÄ kn±o-Jv(-d) \_n(-k)-bpsS
ssI]n-Sn¨v sIm−v ]d-ªp. aXn \_ntb aXn. Xm¦-tfmSv sNbvX
IcmÀ AÃmlp ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡pw. Ipd¨v Ignªv ]´-en \n¶v ]pd¯v
h¶v \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. i{Xp kwLw ]cm-P-b-s¸-Spw. AhÀ ]n´n-cntªm-Spw(9) (kq-d-¯p JaÀ 45)
asämcp dnt¸mÀ«n ImWmw.
\_n(-k) _Zvdn apivcn-¡p-Isf t\m¡n-b-t¸mÄ AhÀ Bbncw
t]cp-−v. apkvenw-I-fm-sW-¦n 400 Hmf-hpw. Jn_ve¡v A`n-ap-J-ambn
\n¶v \_n(-k) {]mÀ°\ \S-¯n. AÃm-lp-th, F\n¡v \o \ÂInb
Icm-dns\ ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡-W-ta, Cu apkvenw kwLs¯ \i¸n-¨mÂ
`qan-bn \ns¶-bm-cm-[n-¡m³ Bcp-ap-−m-hpI-bn-Ã. ZpB sNbvXp-sIm−n-cns¡ B ]cn-ip-²-amb Npa-en \n¶v D¯-cnbw Xmsg hoWp.
AXv Npa-en FSp¯v sh¨v kn±o-Jv(d- )-]-dªp; AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv tNmZn¨m aXn l_o-t_, Ah³ \ÂInb I-cmÀ ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡pw. A§s\
AÃmlp ae-¡p-Isf Ab¨p klm-bn-¨p.(10)
AÃmlp c−m-semcp kwL-amWv hmKvZm\w sNbvX-Xv. hÀ¯I
kwLw AsÃ-¦n Jpssdin ssk\yw, AXn hÀ¯I kwLw \jvSambn. ssk\y-s¯-sb-¦nepw e`n-¡m³ th−n-bmWv \_n(-k)-bpsS
8. C_v\p lnimw (2/66, 67) Cu AWn-\ndp-¯Â cm{Xn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. (AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p
h¶n-lmb (3/309))
9. _pJmcn (64-þ4-þ3953)
10. apkvenw (32-þ18-þ1763)
41

DÅp-cpInbpÅ Cu {]mÀ°-\.
A´y-{]-hm-N-I-\mb Xm\pw A\p-bm-bn-Ifpw ChnsS sh¨v \in¨m Zo\o {]t_m-[-\-¯n-\mbn AÃmlp Hcp \_nsb \ntbm-Kn-¡nÃ. F¶v \_n(-k)¡v Adn-bmw. _Zvdv BZy bp²hpw, i{Xp-¡Ä hfsc
IqSp-X-epw. A\p-bm-bn-IÄ Ipd-hpw. BI-bm Ahsc kzm´z-\-s¸-Spt¯-−-Xp-ap-−m-bn-cp-¶p. CsX-Ãm-amWv \_n(-k) C{]-Imcw {]mÀ°n¡m-\pÅ Imc-Ww. F¶m kn²o-Jv(-d) ZpB \nÀ¯m³ ]d-bm³
Imc- W- s a´v ? AÃmlp klm- bn- ¡p- s a¶ {]Xo- £ -b n-e m-b n-c p-¶ p
kn²oJv(d)(11)
bp²w Bcw-`n-¨-t¸mÄ A_q-Plvepw ZpB sNbvXp. AÃm-lp-th,
apl-½Zv R§-fpsS IqSpw_ _Ôw apdn-¨p. R§Ä¡v Adn-bm¯
Imcy-hp-am-bn- «mWv Ah³ h¶n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. \mfs¯ {]`m-X-¯nÂ
Ahsâ ta R§sf hnP-bn-¸n-t¡-W-ta.(12)
\_n(-k) ]´-en \n¶p ]pd¯v h¶p. kz-lm-_-¯n\v bp²-¯n\v
Bthiw ]IÀ¶p. ]n´n-cn-bmsX apt¶-dp-I. £an¨v bp²w sN¿p-I.
Hcn-¡epw ]n´n-cn-b-cp-Xv. A§-s\-bm-bm kzÀKw Dd-¸m-Wv. CXptI« Dssadp_v\p lpamw(d) `£n-¨p-sIm-−n-cp¶ Imc¡ hen-s¨-dnªp
sIm−p ]dªp: aXn, aXn, Ftâbpw kzÀK-¯nâbpan-S-bn bp-²-aÃmsX asäm-¶n-Ã. A§s\ I¿n Ah-ti-jn¨ Imc-¡bpw hen-s¨dnªv hmfp-sa-Sp¯v bp²-¡-f-¯n-en-d-§n. i{Xp-¡-fpsS Ic-§fmÂ
ilo-Zm-bn.
bp²w sNbvXp sIm−n-cns¡ D¡m-i¯v_v\p anlvkzm³(-d)sâ
hmfv s]m«n. At±lw \_n(-k)-tbmSv ]d-ªp. DSs\ Hcp-hn-dIv IjWw
FSp¯v sImSp¯v ]dªp: ""CXp- ambn bp²w sN¿q D¡m-i .''
\_n(k)-bn \n¶v B hndIv IjvWw hm§n-b-t¸mÄ Xnf-§p¶ \ofapÅ hmfmbn amdn. i{Xp-hp-ambn At±lw bp²w sNbvXp. Cu hmfpambn \nc-h[n bp²-§-fn \_n(-k)-tbm-sSm¸w D¡m-i(-d) ]s¦-Sp-¯p.
aX ]cn-Xym-Kn-I-fp-am-bpÅ bp²-¯nÂ, {]hm-N-IXzw hmZn-¨ncp¶
Xpsse-l-¯p_v\p lpssh-en-Znsâ Ic-§-fm D¡m-i(-d) sImÃ-s¸«p.(13)
11. id-lpkp¶ (7/527) CÀim-Zp-Êmcn (9/15).
12. A_q-Plvev C§-s\bpw ZpB sNbvXn-cp-¶p. ""AÃm-lpth \nsâbSp-¡Â ]cn-ip²-amb \n\¡v Xr]vXn-bpÅ c−m-semcp aXs¯ \o klm-bn-¡-tW, R§-fpsS
aXw ]g-bXpw apl-½-Zn-tâXv ]pXn-bXpw'' Jpssd-in-IÄ a¡-bn \n¶v ]pd-s¸Spw
ap¼v IA-_-bpsS Npa-cp-IÄ ]nSn¨v ]dªp; AÃm-lp-th, Cu c−v ssk\y-§-fnÂ
\Ã-Xns\ \o klm-bn-t¡-Ww. (ko-d-¯p le_n 2/171)
13. kod-¯p le_n (2/178)
42

kml-N-cy-¯n\v ASn-a-s¸«v \nÀ_-Ôn-X-cmbn ]pd-s¸« Iptdt]À
Jpssdin ]£¯v D−m-bn-cp-¶p. C§s\ ]pd-s¸-«-hsc sImÃp-¶-XnÂ
\n¶v \_n(-k) kzlm-_-¯ns\ hne-¡n-bn-cp-¶p. _\q lnjmw IpSpw_-t¯bpw A_q _plvX-cnan_v\p lnimw, Aºm-kp_v\p A_vZpÂ
ap¯z-en_v F¶n-hsc \n§Ä sImÃ-cp-Xv. A_p lpssZ^-Xp_v\p
DXv_-Xv(-d) ]d-ªp. ""R§-fpsS ]nXm-¡-sf-bpw, a¡-sfbpw ktlmZ-c-§ -sfbpw IpSpw-_-¡m-scbpw sIm¶v Aºm-kns\ am{Xw Hgn-hm¡p-I-bn-Ã. AÃm-lp-hmtW kXyw Aºm-kns\ I−m Rm³ hmfn\n-c-bm-¡pw.'' \_n(-k) DaÀ(-d)s\ hnfn¨v ]dªp: Hm A_q l^vkv,
\_n(-k)-bpsS ]nXr-hysâ apJw-hm-fvsIm−v sh«p-Itbm? DaÀ(-d)
]dªp: hnSq \_n-tb, A_q lpssZ-^-bpsS ]ncSn R§Ä t`Zn¡s«.
At±lw I]S hnizm-kn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. CXn\v tijw A_q lpssZ^
]d-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p. Da-dnsâ hm¡p-tI«v `b-s¸-«p. \_n(-k)-bpsS IpSpw_s¯ sImÃp-sa¶v A]-a-c ym-Z-bmbn ]d-ªXv ImcWw AÃmlp
Fs¶ Ahn-izm-kn-bm-¡ptam F¶v Rm³ `b-s¸-«p. bama bp²-¯nÂ
alm³ iln-Zm-bn.(14)
bp²w ià-am-b-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) Hcp ]nSn Nc IÃv hmcn i{Xp-]£-t¯¡v Fdn-ªp. i{Xp-¡-fpsS apJw hnIr-X-am-h-s«-sb¶v ]dªm-bn-cp¶p Cu Fdn-bÂ. Ahn-sS-bp-−m-bn-cp¶ FÃm apivcn-¡p-IfpsS I®nepw aq¡nepw B aW Xcn-IÄ F¯n. \_n(-k) kzlm_-¯n-t\mSv ]d-ªp. bp²w sN¿q. AtXmsS AhÀ hnc-t−m-Sn. Hm«¯n ap³]´n-bn JmenZv _v\p Alve-am-bn-cp-¶p. Cu ka-b¯v
apivc n-¡ p- I- f n ]ecpw sImÃ- s¸- Sp-I bpw _µn- bm- ¡- s¸-S p-I bpw
sNbvXp. ""Ahsc sIme sNbvXXv Xm¦-f-tÃ. AÃm-lp-hmWv Xm¦Ä
Fdn-ª-t¸mÄ Xm-¦-f-Ã, AÃm-lp-hm-W-dn-ª-Xv.''(15) F¶ JpÀ-B³
kqàw At¸mÄ Cd-§n. 70 t]sc sImÃp-Ibpw A{Xbpw t]sc klnbm-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp _Zvdn kzlm-_-¯v.

14. DaÀ(-d)s\ A_q l^vkv F¶v \_n(-k) BZy-ambn hnfn-¨Xv Cu kw`-h-¯n-emWv
(Z-em-C-ep-¶p-_pÆ (3/140-þ41) AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/314-þ15)
15. AÂ A³^m³ þ17
43

ipl-Zm-¡Ä
cà-km-£n-IÄ¡v henb {]m[m-\y-amWv Ckvem-anÂ. Zo\nsâ \ne\n¸n\v th−n kz´w icocw AÀ¨n¨v càw Nn´n t]mcmSn acn-¨[oc-tbm-²m-¡sf F¶pw apkvenw-IÄ kvacn-¡p-¶p. Ahsc BZ-cn-¡p¶p. kzÀKob ]q¦m-h-\-¯n ]hn-{X-amb Øm\-am-W-hÀ¡p-Å-Xv.
Zo\n\v th−n Btbm-[\w \S¯n cà-km-£n-bm-bh
- sc acn-¨h
- À F¶v
]d-b-cp-sX-¶mWv JpÀ-B³ ]d-bp-¶-Xv. ""AÃm-lp-hnsâ amÀK-¯nÂ
sImÃ-s¸-«-hsc acn¨p t]mb-h-cmbn KWn-¡-cp-Xv. adn¨v AhÀ AhcpsS c£n-Xm-hnsâ ASp-¡Â Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv. AhÀ `£Ww
\ÂI-s¸-Sp-¶-h-cp-am-Wv.''(1)
\_n(-k)¡v {]hm-N-IXzw e`n¨v ]Xn-\mep hÀjw ]qÀ¯n-bm-hpt¼m-gmWv _Zvdv bp²w Ac-t§-dp-¶Xv. B ]Xn-\m-ens\ A\p-kva-cn¡pw-hn[w 14 t]À _Zvdn [oc cà-km-£nXzw hcn-¨p. aplm-Pn-dpIÄ Bdpw, A³km-dp-IÄ F«pw. Dss_-Zv¯v_v\p lmcn-kv(-d), Dssadp_v\p A_o hJm-kv(-d), Zq-in-am-sse-\n_v\p A_vZp Awdv(-d),
kz^vhm-\p_v\p _bvfm-A(-d), AJn-en_v\p kpss_À(-d), DaÀ(-d)sâ
ASna anlvfAv(-d) F¶n-h-cmWv aplm-Pn-dp-IÄ. lmcnkv_v\p kpdmJ(-d), Hu^v_v\p lmcn-kv(-d), apA-ÆnZv _v\p lmcn-kv(-d), Dssa-dp_v\p
lpamw (d), dm^n-Av_v\p apA-Ã(-d), kA-vZp_v\p lbvk-a(-d), ap_ÈnÀ_v\p A_vZp ap³knÀ(-d), bkoZv_v\p lmcn-kv(-d) F¶n-hÀ
A³kzm-dn \n¶pw ilo-Zm-bn(2)
kzlm-_-¯n \n¶v anA-vP-lv(-d) BWv BZy-ambn cà km£nbm-b-Xv. Ban-dp_v\p lfvd-an-bpsS At¼-äm-bn-cp¶p At±-l-¯nsâ
A´yw. A³kzm-dp-Ifnse BZy cà-km£n lmcnkv_v\p kpdmJ(d) BWv. lufn \n¶v Pe-]m\w \S-¯n-sIm-−n-cns¡ Btcm
1. JpÀ-B³ 3/169
2. AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/372), C_v\p lnimw (2/354-þ55)
44

FbvX At¼-ämWv At±lw ilo-Zm-b-Xv. almsâ hntbmKw Adnª
D½bpw A\kv_v\p amen-Iv(-d)sâ ]nXr-hy-bp-amb d_nB _n³Xv
\fvd(-d)bpw h¶p \_n(-k)-tbmSp tNmZn-¨p. Rm\pw aI\pw X½n-epÅ
_Ôw Ahn-tS¡v Adn-bm-a-tÃm.? Ah³ kzÀ¤-¯n-em-sW-¦n Rm³
£an-¡mw. Ah\v Iqenbpw {]Xo-£n¡mw. asä-hn-sS-sb-¦n-ep-am-sW¦n Rm³ F´p sN¿Ww? \_n(-k) adp-]Sn \ÂIn. kzÀKw Ht¶m
H¶n IqSp-Xtem? \n§-fpsS aI³ kzÀK-¯nse ^nÀZu-kn-em-Wv.''
ipl-Zm-¡-fpsS ta a¿n¯v \nkvI-cn-¡Â \nin-²(-l-dmw)-am-Wv.
a¿n¯v Ipfn-¸n-¡ m-s X, \nkvI -cn-¡m-s X, J_- d- S-¡ m\mWv IÀ½imkv{X ]Þn-X-·mÀ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. F¶m hne¡v h¶Xv _Zvdv
bp² tij-am-Wv. AXp-sIm−v _Zvdn ilo-Zm-b-hcpsS t]cn \_n(k) \nkvI-cn-¨p.(3) F¶m DlvZv bp²-¯n ilo-Zm-b-hsc \nkvI-cn¡m-sX-bmWv J_-d-S-¡n-b-Xv. _Zvdn ilo-Zmb Dss_-Zv(d
- ) HgnsI
]Xn-aq¶v t]cp-tSbpw `uXnI icocw AS¡w sNbvXXv cà-]-¦n-eamb _Zvdv `qan-bn Xs¶-bm-Wv. Dss_-Zv(-d) aZo-\-bn-te-¡pÅ aS-¡bm- { X-b n dulm- l n sh¨mWv Cl- temIhmkw shSn- ª - X v .
AhnsSXs¶ At±-ls¯ ad-am-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

3. Xz_-Im¯v C_v\p kAZv (2/20)
45

_Zvdn ]s¦-Sp-¡m¯ _Zvco§Ä
ap¶qän ]Xn-aq¶v t]cmWv _ZvÀ bp²-¯n ]s¦-Sp-¯-Xmbn ]dbs¸Sp-¶Xv. F¶m bYmÀ°-¯n _Zvdv cWm-¦W-¯n kw_Ôn-¨Xv 305 t]cm-Wv. A\n-hm-cy-amb Imcy-§-fm \_n(-k) Nne-scsbÃmw amän \nÀ¯n-bn-cp-¶p. aZo-\-bpsS Npa-X-e, ]Ån-bpsS Pam-A¯nsâ Imcyw, hÀ¯I kwL-¯nsâ hnhcw At\z-jn¨v t]mIÂ,
XpS§n DNn-Xhpw AXym-h-iy-hp-amb Imcy-§Ä¡mWv Nne-sc-sbÃmw
amän \nÀ¯n-b-Xv. ChÀ¡v bp²-¯n ]s¦-Sp-¡m³ XmÂ]-cy-an-Ãm¯Xv sIm−-Ã, adn¨v \_n(-k)-bpsS IÂ]\ A£cw {]Xn AhÀ
A\p-kc
- n-¨p. _Zvdn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-Sp¶ hnhcw e`n-¨X
- pw t]mhm³ XmÂ]cy-s¸-Sp-Ibpw NneÀ ]pd-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. amdn\nÂtI−nh¶ Cu
Ft«mfw t]À¡v ]s¦-Sp-¯-h-cpsS alXzw \_n(-k) hmKvZm\w \ÂIn.
H¸w ka-cmÀPnX kz¯n \n¶v hnln-Xhpw \ÂIn.
_Zv d n ]s¦- S p- ¡ msX amän- \ nÀ¯- s ¸- « - h - c n {]ap- J - \ mWv
Dkvam³(d). `mcybpw \_n(-k)-bpsS ]p{Xn-bp-amb dpJvb(-d)-bpsS tcmKamWv Dkvam³(-d)s\ bp²-¯n \n¶v amän-\nÀ¯n-b-Xv. _ZvdnÂ
apkvenw-IÄ hnP-bn¨ hnh-c-hp-ambn Dkvam-\p_v\p sskZv(-d) aZo-\bn F¯n-b-t¸mÄ dpJn-¿(-d)-bpsS `uXnI icocw J_-d-Sp-¡p-I-bmbn-cp¶p. acn-¡p-t¼mÄ Ccp-]Xv hb-km-bn-cp¶p al-Xn-¡v. Cu hnhml-¯n A_vZpà F¶ Ip«n-bp-−m-bn-. lnPvd \men 6þmw hb-knÂ
B Ip«nbpw acn-¨p.
XzÂl¯v (d), kCu-Zv(-d) F¶n-hÀ¡pw _Zvdn kw_-Ôn-¡m³
Ign-ªn-Ã. aZo-\-bn \n¶v _Zvdn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-Spw-ap¼v Xs¶ \_n(k)
Ccp-h-tcbpw imw `mK-t¯¡v hnhcw At\z-jn-¡m-\mbn Ab-¨n-cp-¶p.
hÀ¯I kwLs¯ At\z-jn¨v t]mb ChÀ Xncn-s¨-¯n-b-t¸m-tg¡pw
bp²w Ign-ªn-cp-¶p. ChÀ dulm-\n sh¨v hnPb t`cn-bp-ambn
hcp¶ \_n(-k)-tbbpw kzlm-_-¯n-t\bpw kzoI-cn-¡m³ F¯n.
46

aZo\m ]Ån-bnse Pam-A-¯nsâ D¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ap-−m-bn-cp-¶p AÔ\m-bn-cp¶ A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p D½n-a-IvXpw(-d)\pw aZo-\b
- nse Npa-Xe
\ÂIn. dulm-\n sh¨v \_n(-k) Xncn-¨b
- ¨ A_q-ep-_m-_(-d) _Zvco§-fn s]«-h-cmWv A_q Da-a¯v_v\p klve-_¯
- p A³kzm-cnbpw
_Zvco-§-fn s]«-h-cm-Wv. At±lw _Zvdn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-Sm³ X¿m-dmb-t¸mÄ A_q-_ÀZ¯v ]d-ªp. D½sb ]cn-N-cn-¡m-\mbn ChnsS
\n¡-Ww. A_q Dama ]d-ªp. ktlm-Z-cn-bpsS ASp-¡Â \n§Ä
\n¡p-I. \_n(-k) A_q Dam-asb sIm−v ip{iq-jn-¸n-¡m³ ]dªp. A§s\ A_q-_ÀZ(-d) _Zvdn ]s¦-Sp-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
bp²w Ignªv h¶-t¸m-tg¡pw At±l-¯nsâ D½ h^m-¯m-bn-c p¶p. Ah-cpsS t]cn \_n(-k) a¿n¯v \nkvI-cn-¨p. Jp_m-lv, aZo-\mbpsS Benb `mKw F¶n-h-bpsS Npa-X-e-bp-−m-bn-cp-¶ Bkzn_v\p
AZn-¿v(d)bpw(1) bp²-¯n k¶n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. lpºm¯v_v\p
PsshÀ(d), lmcnkv _v \p kza-¯ v (- d) F¶n-h sc aS¡n Ab- ¨p.
lmcnkv_v\p lmXzn-_n(-d)\v asämcp Npa-Xe D−m-bn-cp-¶p. kAZv_v\p
amen-In kmln-Zn-¿(-d) _Zvdn-te¡v Hcp§n ]pd-s¸-s«-¦nepw hgn-bnÂ
acn-¨p. Zmdp-_\o Jmcn-Csâ ASp-¯mWv almsâ A´y-hn-{iaw.
C{Xbpw t]cmWv bp²-cw-K¯v \n¶v amän-\nÀ¯s¸«-hÀ. F¶mÂ
Ch-scÃmw _Zvco-§-fn s]«-h-cpw AhÀ¡pÅ kÀÆ {]Xn-^-e¯
- n\pw
AÀl-cp-am-Wv. AXv \_n(k) \ÂIp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

1. Bkznav_v\p AZoZv BWv I]S hnizm-kn-IÄ ]WnX akvPnZp fndmÀ XIÀ¯-Xv.
(^-Xvlp _mcn 9/203, A _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb 3/372, kod-¯p le_n 2/
146-þ30, Xz_-Im¯v C_v\p kAZv 3/354-þ468)
47

AÃm-lp-hnsâ klmbw
""\n§Ä \nÊm-c -·m-c mbncns¡ \nÝ-b-ambpw AÃmlp _ZvdnÂ
\n§sf klm-bn-¨p.''(1)
Ckvem-ansâ \ne\nÂ]ns\ t]mepw tNmZyw sN¿pw-hn[w i{Xp¡Ä DbÀ¶p-h-¶-t¸m-gmWv _Zvdv bp²-ap-−m-b-Xv. i{Xp-kw-lmc
XmÞ- h s¯ \new- ] - c n- i m¡n Xulo- Z nsâ i_v Z w DbÀs¯- g pt¶Â¡Â A\n-hm-cy-am-bn. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ AÃm-lp, Ahsâ
Zo\o kwc-£-W-¯n-\n-d-§nb [oc tbm²m-¡sf th−p-thmfw klmbn-¨p. Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\v ae-¡p-I-fmWv _ZvÀ cWm-¦-W-¯n tLmcamb bp²-¯n\v hocyw Iq«n-bXv. \_n(-k)-bpsS {]mÀ°-\-¡pÅ D¯c-ambpw kzlm-_-¯nsâ a\x-kw-Xr-]vXn¡pw Bßss[cy-¯n\pambncp-¶p ae-¡p-Isf AÃmlp bp²-¡-f-¯n-te¡v Cd-¡n-b-Xv. AÃmlp
]d-bp¶p: ""\n§Ä AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv klmbw tNmZn-¨-t¸mÄ Ah³
\n§Ä¡v D¯cw \ÂIn. \nÝbw Rm³ H¶n\p ]ndsI asäm-¶mbn
Bbncw ae-¡p-Isf sIm−v \n§sf klm-bn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv.''(2)
ae-¡p-IÄ Cd-§p-¶Xv I−-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) B kt´m-j-hmÀ¯
kzlm-_-¯ns\ Adn-bn-¨p. AhÀ¡v a\x-k-am-[m\w e`n-¡m³ th−nbm-bn-cp-¶p CXv. X§Ä Hä-¡-Ã, AÃm-lp-hnsâ klm-bhpw Ds−¶v
AhÀ¡v t_m[y-am-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ae-¡p-IÄ Cd-§p-¶Xv I−t¸mÄ kn²o-Jv(-d)s\ hnfn¨p \_n(-k) ]dªp: ""IpXn-c-bpsS ISnªm¬ ]nSn¨v bp²m-bp-[-§-fp-ambn CXm Pn_vcoÂ. aª Xe-¸mhv
AWnªv BImi `qan-¡n-S-bn {]Xy-£-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu kt´mj-hmÀ¯ Adn-bn¡q kn²o-Jv..'' kn²o-Jv(-d) ]d-bp¶p: ""ae-¡p-IÄ
Cd-§n-b-t¸mÄ F\n¡v Akz-Ø-X-bp-−m-bn. DSs\amdn. A´-co£-¯n s]mSn-]-S-e -am-bn.''(3)
Aen(-d) ]d-bp¶p:
_Zvdn ià-amb Hcp sImSp-¦m-ä-Sn-¨p. ]ns¶ AXv t]mbn. ho−pw
AXp-t]mse Imä-Sn-¨p h¶p-t]m-bn. aq¶m-aXpw Imäv AXp-t]mse
BhÀ¯n-¨p. BZy-t¯Xv Pn_vcoÂ(-A) Bbn-cp-¶p. Bbncw ae-¡p1. kqd: Bep Cwdm³; 123
2. kqd: AÂ AÂ^mÂ: 9
3. _pJmcn (64-þ11-þ3995) Zem-C-ep-¶p-_pÆ (3-þ54) aäp ae-¡p-I-fpsS Xe-¸mhv shÅ-bmbn-cp-¶p. (AÂ _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb 3/320)
48

I- fp-a mbn \_n(- k)-b psS ASp¯v Cd- § n. c−m- a- t¯Xv ao¡mCuÂ(A) Bbncw ae-¡p-I-fp-ambn \_n(-k)-bpsS heXv `mK¯v Cd§n. At¸m \_n(-k)-bpsS CSXv `mK¯v kzn²o-Jv(-d) D−v. DSs\
Ckvdm-^oÂ(A) Bbncw ae-¡p-I-sf-bp-ambn \_n(-k)-bpsS CSXv
`mK-¯m-bn-d-§n. At¸mÄ AhnsS Rm\p-ap-−mbn-cp¶p.(4)
ae-¡p-IÄ a\pjy cq]-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. kzlm-_-¯n\v AhÀ Bß
ss[cyw \ÂIn. kzlm-_-¯nsâ kz^v^nsâ ap¼n-eqsS a\p-jy-cq-]¯n t]mIp-t¼mÄ ae-¡p-IÄ ]dbpw kt´m-jn-¡q. AÃm-lp
\n§sf klm-bn-¡pw. ssØcy-ambn t]mcmSq. i{Xp-¡Ä Ipd-hmWv. klm-_-¯nsâ [mcW AhÀ X§fpsS Iq«-¯n s]«-h-cmsW-¶m-bn-cp-¶p.
A_q- Z m- h q- Z p A³kzm- c n(- d ) ]d- bp¶p: _Zv d n hà apiv c n¡n- t \bpw Dt±- i n¨v ]n³Xp- S À¶m Fsâ hmÄ kv ] Àin¡pw
apt¼, Abm-f psS Xe thÀs¸-«n-cn-¡pw. Rm³ Icp-Xn, CXv aämtcm
sIm¶- X m- s W- ¶ v . (5)
ae-¡p-IÄ \nc-h[n bp²-§-fn k¶n-ln-Xcm-bn-«p-−v. DlvZv bp²¯n AhÀ D−m-bn-cp-¶p. ]t£, Hcp bp²-¯nepw AhÀ t]mcm-Sm\n-d-§n-bn-«n-Ã. _Zvdn am{X-amWv ae-¡p-IÄ bp²w sNbvX-Xv. kzlm_-¯nsâ BZy-bp²w _ZvÀ BbXv t]mse Xs¶ ae-¡p-If
- psS {]Ya
bp²hpw _ZvÀ Xs¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p. ae-¡p-IÂ am{X-a-Ã, Fgp-]-tXmfw
Pn¶p-Ifpw _Zvdn ]s¦-Sp-¯n-«p-−v.(6)
\_n(- k)-bpsS ]hn-{ X-X -bmWv ae-¡p-IÄ Cd-§ m³ Imc-W w.
_Zvdnse i{Xp- ¡Ä¡v \miw hnX-¡m³ Hcp ae¡v Xs¶ aXn.
Pn_vc oÂ(-A)sâ NndIv aXn i{Xp-¡sf kwlm-c-Xm-Þ-h-aS-¡m³.
eq¯v \_n(-A)sâ kaq-ls¯ \in-¸n-¨Xv A§-s\-bm-Wv. Hä A«lmkw sIm−mbncp¶p kzmenlv \_n(-A)sâ kaq-ls¯ AÃmlp
\in-¸n-¨-Xv. F¶m _Zvdn ae-¡p-IÄ kzlm-_-¯n\v H¸w \n¶mWv
bp²w sNbvX-Xv. \_n(-k)-bp-tSbpw kzlm-_-¯n-sâbpw Dt±iyw
t]msebmhm-\pw, km[m-cW ssk\nI klm-bw t]mse ae-¡p-IfpsS klm-bhpw IqSn Bhm³ th−nbpw Nne Imcy-§sf ]cn-KW
- n¡m\pw AÃm-lp-hnsâ ASn-a-IÄ¡v {]Xn-^ew e`n-¡m\pw FÃm
Imcy§fpw AÃm-lphn \n¶m-sW¶v Adn-bn-¡m\pw th−n-bmWv
ae-¡p-Isf sIm−v i{Xp-¡sf \in-¸n-¡msX t\cn«v AhÀ bp²w
4. lmJnw (3/69), ae-¡p-I-fpsS F®w ]d-ªn-«n-sÃ-¦nepw Xpey-amb lZokv ss_lJnbpw D²-cn-¨n-«p-−v.
5. i{Xp ssk\y-¯nÂs]-«, \_n(-k) hne-¡nb A_q _plvX-cnsb sIm¶Xv A_qZm-hq-Zv(-d) BWv. (D-kq-ap lm_ 4/957)
6. idlp kpÀJm\n (2/258)
7. AÂ A³^mÂ: 12
49

sN¿m³ Imc-Ww.(7)
{]tXyI cq]-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p ae-¡p-I-fpsS bp²w. Xe tOZn-¨v,
ssI hnc-ep-IÄ Adp-¯p If-b-em-bn-cp-¶p Ah-cpsS tPmen. AÃmlp
]dªp: ""Igp-¯p-IÄ¡v aosX sh«n-s¡m-Åq, Ah-cpsS hnc-ep-IÄ
FÃmw sh«n¡f-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-I.(8)
bp²w Ignª tijw Nph¶ IpXn-c-¸p-d-¯p-h¶p Pn_vcoÂ(-A)
tNmZn¨p: ""apl-½Zv \_ntb! At§bv¡v kwXr-]vXn-bm-hp-¶-Xp-hsc
hn«p-]n-cn-b-cpXv F¶ IÂ]-\-tbm-sS-bmWv AÃmlp Fs¶ Ab-¨-Xv.
Xr]vXn-bmtbm? \_n(-k) AtX kwXr-]vXn-bm-bn. F¶v adp-]Sn \ÂIn.
Jpssdin ssk\y-t¯m-sSm¸w a¡-bn \n¶v ]pd-s¸-«-t¸mÄ kpdmJ¯v _v\p amen-¡nsâ cq]-¯n C_veokv H¸w IqSn-bn-cp-¶-tÃm.
Pn_vco-en-t\bpw aäp ae-¡p-I-tfbpw I− am{Xbn Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v
\ÂInb IcmÀþ Rm³ \n§-fpsS IqsS-bp-−v, AbÂhm-kn-bmWv þ
ewLn¨v bp²-¡-f-¯n \n¶pw HmSn-a-d-ªp. A_q-P-lvensâ ktlmZ-c³ lmcnkv_v\p lnim-ansâ I¿n ]nSn¨p \nÂt¡bmWv ae-¡pIsf AhÀ I−-Xv. DSs\ _Ôw thÀs¸-Sp¯n C_veokv HmSnadªp. H¸w Ahsâ A\p-bm-bn-I-fpw. t]mIpt¼m lmcnkv tNmZn¨p. Hm kpdmJ! \obtà ]dªXv Rm³ \n§-fpsS AbÂhm-kn-bmsW¶v? ""XoÀ¨-bmbpw F\n¡v \n§-tfmSv bmsXmcp _m[y-X-bp-an-Ã.
\n§Ä ZÀin-¡m¯Xv Rm³ ImWp-¶p. Rm³ AÃm-lp-hns\ `b-s¸Sp-¶p. Ah³ ITn\ in£ \ÂIp-¶-Xm-Wv.'' C_veo-knsâ adp-]-Sn-bmWn-Xv.
t]mIm³ Hcp-§n-b-t¸mÄ C_veo-knsâ I¿n lmcnkv apdp¡n
]nSn-s¨-¦nepw At±-l-¯nsâ s\©n-en-Sn¨v hogv¯n C_veokv c£s¸-«p. Ckvemw ]pÂInb tijw lmcn-kv(-d) ]d-bp-I-bp-−m-bn. AXv
]nim-Nm-bn-cp¶p F¶v Rm³ Adn-ªXv apkven-amb tij-am-Wv.(9)
kpsslen ]dªp: _Zvdn \n¶v a¡-bn-te¡v HmSn c£-s¸-«t¸mÄ kpdm-Jsb R§Ä a¡-bnÂsh¨v I−p. R§Ä tNmZn-¨p. Hm
kpdmJ: AWnbpw s]m«n¨v bp²-cw-K¯v \n¶v HmSn-t¸m-bntÃ? kpdmJ
]dªp: \n§-fp-am-bpÅ Hcp Imcyhpw Rm\-dn-bn-Ã. Rm³ ]s¦-Sp¯n-«p-an-Ã. AXv C_veo-km-bn-cp-s¶¶v At¸mÄ a\-Ên-em-bn.(10)
A´y-\mÄ hsc acn-¡n-söv AÃmlp C_ve o-kn\v hmKvZm\w
\ÂIn-bn-«p-−v. ]ns¶-sb-´n\v C_veokv t]Sn¨v HmSn-t¸m-bn? B `oIcm-lmcn´- c o£w
I−AÃmlp
hmKv^Xv
Zm-l
\nÂ
-§ -sapkv
fsbÃmw
8.
kv (-d) _Zv
dnÂt¸mÄ
i{Xp-]-£
-¯m-bn-c p-s\ÂInb
¶-¦nepw a¡w
en-a m-bn.
lpss\³ bp²-¯n ]s¦-Sp¯ At±-l-¯n\v 100 H«-Is¯ \_n(-k) \ÂIn. lnPvd
15 dP-_n bÀaqJv bp²-¯n ilo-Zm-bn. (D-_vZp lm_ 1/478)
10. kod¯p¶_hn (1/386)
11. X^vkodp lmin-b¯p kzmhn 2/121)
50

C_veokv ad-¶p-t]m-bn. AXp-sIm-−mWv bp²-¡fw hn«v Ah³ HmSn
adtb−n h¶-Xv.(11)

Xe t]mb-hÀ
Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v I\¯ \jvS-amWv _Zvdn D−m-b-Xv. henb
{]Xo-£-tbmsS, Al-¦m-chpw [n¡m-chpambn h¶-hÀ¡v \ncm-ibpw
]cm-P-bhpw Gäphm§n ZpxJ-`m-c-t¯mSp IqSn-bmWv Ah-tijn-¨-hÀ
bp²-¡fw hn«-Xv. CSnXo t]mse h¶ _Zvdnse t]mcm«w 70 t]cpsS
Poh-\mWv \jvS-am-¡nb-Xv. AXpw {][m-\n-I-fn {][m-\n-I-fpsS Xe.
A{XbpwXs¶ t]À apkv enw-I - fpsS Ic-§ - fn AI- s¸- Sp- I bpw
sNbvXp. Akvh-Zv, A_q-P-lvÂ, D¯v_-¯v, Da-¿-¯v, heo-Zv, ssi_¯v XpS-§nb {]ap-J-cpsS \nc Xs¶ sImÃ-s¸-«-h-cpsS Iq«-¯n-ep-−v.
bp² \mb-I\pw ImcW¡mc-\p-amb A_q-P-lvensâ ac-W-amWv i{Xp]-£-¯n-t\ä Gähpw henb {]l-cw. Jpssdin kwL-t¯m-sSm-¸-ap−m-bn-cp¶ Aºm-kp_v\p A_vZp apXz-en-_v, \fvdv_v\p lmcnkv,
Awdp_v\p A_q-kp-^vbm³ XpS§n {]ap-J-cpsS \nc Xs¶ _Ôn-IfpsS Iq«-¯n-ep-−m-bn-cp-¶p.
Akvh-ZmWv _Zvdn BZy-ambn sImÃ-s¸-«-Xv. DXv_¯v, ssi_¯v, heo-Zv F¶n-hÀ ]n¶o-Spw. Zzµ bp²-¯n-emWv ChÀ sImÃ-s¸-«-Xv.
A_vZpÂd-lvam-\p_v\p lu^pw Da-¿¯p_v\p lu^pw kulr-Z-¯nem-bn-cp-¶p. _Zvdn Da-¿¯v aIsâ I¿pw ]nSn¨v \S-¡p-¶Xv I−t¸mÄ sNdnb Hcp klmbw sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-¯p B kzlm-_n. _ZvdnÂ
sImÃ-s¸« Hcm-fpsS ]S-b-¦n-bp-ambn \S-¡p-t¼m-gmWv A_vZp dlvam\p_v\p lu^v Da-¿-¯ns\ I−-Xv. DSs\ B ]S-b¦n hen-s¨-dnªv
Da-¿-¯n-t\bpw aI-s\bpw Iq«n Hcp ]ÀÆX \nc-bn-te¡v \o§n. Da¿-¯ns\ I−-t¸mÄ _nemÂ(-d) sâ HmÀa ]n¶n-te¡v HmSnsb¯n.
Da-¿-¯nsâ ASn-a-bm-bn-cp¶p _nem-ep_v\p dhm-l(-d). At±lw
51

apkven-am-b-t¸mÄ bP-am-\-\mb Da-¿¯v \oN-hpw, \nIr-jvS-hpw, a\pjyc-ln-X-hp-amb coXn-bn _nemÂ(d) ]ns¶ ]oUn-¸n-¨p. NqSpÅ
aW-en InS-¯n, henb ]md-¡j
- vW-§Ä _nemÂ(d) sâ s\©nÂsh¨p. F¶n«v Da-¿¯v ]dªp. \o acn-¡pw-hsc C§s\ sN¿pw. Asæn apl-½-Znsâ aX-t¯mSv hnS ]d-bp-I. ]oU\w Ak-ly-am-bt¸mgpw hnizmk ZmÀVyX ssIhn-Sm-sX, AÅmlp Hcp-h³, Hcp-h³
F¶v Dcp-hn-«p-sIm-−n-cp¶ _nem-ens\ Xsâ BZÀi-¯n \n¶v
AÂ]w t]mepw amäm³ Da-¿-¯n\pw in¦n-Sn-IÄ¡pw km[y-am-bn-Ã.
Cu cwKw I− kn²o-Jv(d) Da-¿-¯n \n¶v _nemÂ(-d)s\ hm§n
tamNn-¸n-¨p. AtXmsS At±lw kzX-{´-\m-hpIbpw sNbvXp.
Da-¿-¯ns\ I−-am-{X-bn _nemÂ(-d) Dds¡ hnfn¨p ]d-ªp.
Hm AÃm-lp-hnsâ klm-bn-I-sf..! Da-¿¯v c£-s¸-«m Rm³ c£s¸-Sn-Ã. A§ns\ Bfp-IÄ Hcp-an¨v IqSn. Iq«-¯n HcmÄ Da-¿¯nsâ aIs\ hmfn-\n-c-bm-¡n. At¸mÄ Da-¿¯v hfsc DÑ-¯nÂ
A«-l-kn-¨p. A_vZpÀd-lvam-\p_v\p lu^v(-d) Da-¿-¯n-t\mSv ]d-ªp.
InS- ¡q..! Da-¿¯v InS-¶ -t¸mÄ Ahsâ kwc-£-W -¯n-\mbn B
kzlm_n apI-fn InS-¶p. A_vZpÀd-lvam-\p_v\p lu^v(d)sâ
Xmgv`m-K¯v IqsS hmÄ \pgªv Ibän Da-¿-¯ns\ AhÀ sIm¶p.
hmÄ Xp¼n \n¶v sNdnb Hcp apdnhv A_vZp-d-lvam-¶p_v\p lu^v(d)\pw Gän-c p-¶p.(1) A§s\ _nemÂ(-d) c£-s¸-«p. \_n(-k)-bpsS
hm¡v AhnsS ]peÀ¶p I−p.
aqkm-\-_n(A)\v ^nÀ-Hu³ F§-s\-bm-bn-cp-¶pthm AtX t]msebm-bn-cp¶p Cu kap-Zm-b-¯n\v AÃm-lp-hnsâ i{Xp-hm-bn-cp¶ A_q
PlvÂ. Cu kap-Zm-b-¯nsâ, ^nÀ-Hu³ F¶mWv A_q-P-lvens\
Ipdn¨v \_n(-k) hnti-jn-¸n-¨-Xv. Ahsâ D]-{Zhw A{X-am{Xw ITn-\am-bn-cp-¶p.
bp²w Ign-ª-t¸mÄ Jpssdin ih Iq¼m-c§
- -fn A_q-P-lvens\
ImWm-Xm-b-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) ]dªp; A_q-P-lven\v F´v ]än-sb¶v
BcmWv t\m¡pI? A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p akv-Du-Zv(-d) DSs\ ]pd-s¸«p.
Alvdm-^nsâ a¡-fmb apB-Zv, apA-Æn-Zv(-d) F¶n-hÀ At¸mÄ A_qP-lvens\ sI«n-bn-«p-−v. C_v\p akv-Du-Zv(-d) tNmZn-¨p. \o A_qPlvev BtWm? F¶n«v XmSn-]n-Sn-¨p. At¸mÄ A_q-Plvev ]dªp:
""\o sImÃm-sX, \ns¶¡mÄ {][m\n Fs¶ sIm¶n-cp-s¶-¦nÂ!'' apBZv, apA-Æn-Zv(d) F¶n-h-cpsS sht«äv A_q-P-l sNdp-izmkw hen1. t\m¡pI: A _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/266-þ27), kod¯p C_v\p lnimw (2/272þ73)
52

¡p¶ Ah-k-c-¯n-emWv C_v\p akv-Du-Zv(-d)sâ hchpw tNmZyhpw
A_q-P-lvensâ adp-]-Sn-bp-sa-Ãmw. A§s\ C_v\p akv-DuZv (d) AÃmlp-hnsâ i{Xp-hmb A_q-P-lvensâ Igp-¯n\v sh«n. Ahsâ D]{Zhw Fs¶t¶¡p-ambn Cu temI¯v \n¶v \o¡n. sImÃpw ap¼mbn
kzlm-_n-bpsS Imev Ahsâ Igp-¯n\p ta sh¨n-cp-¶p.
sImÃ-s¸« A_qPlvensâ Xe-sb-Sp¯v \_n(-k)-bpsS ASp-¡Â
F¯n-¨p-sIm−v ]dªp: CXm AÃm-lp-hnsâ i{Xp-hmb A_q-Plvensâ Xe. AXn kv]Àin¨v Xncnªv \n¶v sIm−v \_n(-k)
]dªp; Ckvem-ansâ ]cn-ip-²nsb DbÀ¯nb AÃm-lp-hn-\mWv kÀÆ
kvXpXn-bpw. aq¶p-h«w C§s\ ]d-ª p sIm−n-c p¶p. A_q-Plvensâ incÊv I−-t¸mÄ \_n(-k) c−v dIv-A¯v \nkvI-cn-¡pIbpw sNbvXp.(2)
bp²w Ignªv aq¶v Znhkw ]n¶n-«mWv \_n(-k) _Zvdn \n¶v
bm{X Xncn-¨-Xv. sImÃ-s¸« apivcn-¡p-I-sf-sbÃmw Ipgn-¨n« tijw
tij-amWv bm{X ]pd-s¸-«-Xv.
bp²w Ignª tijw \_n(-k) kzlm-_-¯n-t\mSv ]dªp: sImÃs¸«hscsbÃmw sXm«-Sp-¯pÅ D]-tbmK iq\y-amb InW-än-en-SpI.(3)
Da-¿-¯ns\bÃmsX {]ap-J-sc-sbÃmw AXn-en-«p. XSn¨v sImgp¯ Da¿-¯nsâ ico-c-¯n \n¶v ]S-b¦n Agn-¡m³ km[n-¡msX amsäm-cnS¯v IÃpw a®p-an«v aqSn. Jpssdin {]ap-J-cmb 24 t]sc-bmWv Cu
amen\y InW-än-en-«-Xv. CXn-en-Sm-¯-hsc asäm-cn-S¯v Ipgn-¨p-aq-Sn.
Jpssdin ih-§sf ad-am-Sm-sX, InW-än-en-Sm³ \_n(-k) ]d-bm³
Imc-W-sa´v? Fgp-]Xv ih-§-sfbpw ad-am-Sm³ hfsc {]bm-k-am-Wv.
AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ C{Xbpw t]sc Ipgn¨v aqSn kzlm-_¯
- ns\ _p²nap-«m-¡m³ \_n(-k) B{K-ln-¨n-Ã. AXp-sIm−v Xs¶ Ipgn-bp-−m¡msX B InW-än-en«v Imcyw Ffp-¸-am-¡n(4). Hcp _m[yX F¶ \ne¡Ã ih-§Ä Ipgn-bn-en«v aqSn-b-Xv. adn-¨v, ih-§Ä Noª-fnªv
arK-§fpw ]£n-Ifpw Iodn-h-en¨v ]cn-k-c-a-en-\o-I-cWw hcp-¯p-sa-¶Xn-\m-em-Wv.
bp²w Ignªv aq¶mw Znhkw km[\ kma-{Kn-I-fp-ambn aZo-\-bnte¡v aS-§m³ Hcp-§n-b-t¸mÄ Jpssd-in-Isf Ipgn-¨p-aq-Snb InW-dn\v
ASp¯v kzlm-_-¯n-s\-bp-ambn sN¶v \_n(-k) Hmtcm-cp-¯c
- p-tSbpw
]nXm-¡-·m-cpsS t]cv tNÀ¯n-sIm−v hnfn-¨p. \n§Ä¡v \n§-fpsS
2. _plmcn (64-þ8-þ63) ^Xvlp _mcn (9/21-þ214), A³_n-ZmXp h¶n-lmb (3/327-þ30)
3. _\q-lm-inÂs]« Hcm-fmWv Cu InWÀ Ipgn-¨Xv (i-dlp kpÀJm\n 2/303
4. ahm-ln-_p-e-Zp-¶n¿ (1/366)
53

\mY³ \ÂInb hmKvZm\w \n§Ä¡p In«ntbm? R§Ä¡v R§fpsS \mY³ \ÂInb hmKvZm\w e`n-¨p. CXp-tI-«-t¸mÄ DaÀ(-d)
tNmZn¨p: Bßm-hn-Ãm¯ PV-§-tfm-SmtWm \_ntb A§v kwkm-cn¡p-¶-Xv. At¸mÄ \_n(-k) ]dªp: Rm³]-d-bp-¶Xv Ah-tc-¡mÄ
IqSp-X \n§Ä tIÄ¡p-I-bn-Ã. JXm-Z(-d) ]dªp; Ahsc \nµn¡m\pw t]Sn-¸ n- ¡ m\pw ZpxJn- ¸ n- ¡ m\pw `b- s¸- Sp¯m\pw th−n
AÃmlp At¸mÄ AhÀ¡v tIÄ¡m-\mbn Poh³ \ÂIpw.(5)
Hm... DXv_Xv_v\p d_n-A, Hm Da-¿¯v _v\p le-^v, Hm A_qPlvev _v\p lnimw, F¶n-§-s\-bmWv \_n(-k) hnfn-¨-Xv. kz´w
t]tcmSv IqsS ]nXm-¡-·msc IqSn tNÀ¯v hnfn-¡m³ ImcWw Ahsc
\nµn-¡m³ th−n IqSn-bmWv. Da-¿-¯ns\ B amen\y InW-dnÂ
C«ncp¶n-sÃ-¦nepw Ahsâ t]cpw hnfn¨ Iq«-¯n D−m-bn-cp-¶p.
Ahsâ Ipgn-amSw sXm«-Sp¯v Xs¶ BbXv sIm−m-bncp¶p Ah-

5. _pJmcn 64-þ8-þ3976
6. CÀim-Zp-Êmcn 9/35, ^Xvlp _mcn 9/220.
54

s\bpw IqSn hnfn¨ Iq«-¯n s]Sp-¯n-b-Xv.(6)

_µn-I-fpsS tamN\w
_Zvdn i{Xp-]£w I\¯ BLm-X-amWv Gäphm-§n-b-Xv. Fgp]Xv t]sc-bmWv apkvenw-IÄ XS-hp-Im-cm-¡n-b-Xv. ]e Jpssdin {]apJcpw apkvenw he-b-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. Jpssd-in-I-tfm-sSm¸w kml-N-cy¯n\v ASn-a-s¸«v ]pd-s¸« Aºm-kv(d) t]mtem-¯-hcpw _µn Iq«¯n-ep−m-bn-cp-¶p. _Zvdv {]Ya bp²-am-bXv sIm−v Xs¶ _µn-IfpsS Imcy-¯n hyà-amb Xocp-am\w A¶p-−m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. aZo-\-bnÂ
F¯nb tijw \_n(-k) _µn-Isf F´v sN¿-W-sa¶ Imcy-¯nÂ
kzlm-_-¯p-ambn A`n-{]mbw Bcm-ªp. _µn-Isf sImÃm³ A`n{]m-bs]-«-t¸mÄ NneÀ ]d-ªXv Ahsc tamNn-¸n-¡m-\m-Wv.
kn²o-Jv(-d) ]dªp: ""\_ntb AhÀ ]nXr-hy-cpw, IpSpw-_¡
- m-cpam-W-tÃm, ]Ww hm§n tamNn-¸n-¡mw. AXp \ap¡v iàn-]-Ic
- pw.
AÃmlp Ahsc ]n¶oSv k·mÀ¤-¯n-em-¡n-sb-¦nÂ''. \_n(-k) tNmZn¨p. ""Hm DaÀ..! Xm¦-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-sa´v?'' DaÀ(-d) ]dªp: ""AÃmlp-hmtW kXyw. ]änà \_n-tb, kn²o-Jv(-d)sâ A`n-{]m-ba
- -Ã. Ahsc
sImÃ- Ww. Aen(-d)¶v lJoens\ sImSp-¡ q. Ahs\ sImÃ-s «.
lwk(d)¶v Hcmsf sImSp¡q sImÃm³.'' F¶m \_n(-k)¡v CjvSs¸-«Xv kn²o-Jv(-d) sâ A`n-{]m-b-am-Wv.
DaÀ(d) ]d-bp¶p; sXm«-Sp¯ Znhkw Rm³ \_n(-k)-bpsS ASp¡Â sN¶p. At¸mÄ AhnsS kn²o-Jv(-d) D−v. Ccp-hcpw Ic-bp-Ibm-Wv. Rm³tNm-Zn¨p: F´m \_n-tb, \n§fpw kplr¯pw Ic-bp¶Xv. hà Imc-Whpw Ds−-¦n Rm\pw IqsS-I-c-bmw. CsÃ-¦nÂ
Ccp-hcpw Ic-ª-Im-c-W-¯m-e pw. \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. \nsâ kaq-l¯n \n¶v tamN\{Zhyw hm§m-\pÅ Imcyw F\n¡v shfn-hm-bX
- nsâ
t]cn-emWv Rm³ Ic-bp-¶Xv. sXm«-Sp-¯pÅ acs¯ kqNn-¸n¨v
sIm−v \_n(k) ]d-ªp. Cu ac-¯n-t\-¡mÄ ASp-¯mWv A]-ISw. ka-cmÀPnX kz¯v A\p-h-Z-\obam¡n-s¡m−v AÃmlp JpÀ-B³
kqà-an-d-¡n.
A_q dhm-l-bpsS A`n-{]mbw CXm-bn-cp-¶p. Hm \_ntb B Xmgvhc-bn Iptd hnd-Ip-−v. AXv sIm−v Chsc Icn¨v If-bmw. aq¶p
t]cp-tSbpw A`n-{]m-b-¯n\v ]n´p-W-tbIn kzlm-_¯v D−m-bn-c p¶p.
55

Cu kw`-h-¯n \_n(-k) kn²o-Jv(-d), DaÀ(-d) C§-s\-bmWv D]an-¨-Xv. kn²oJv: Xm¦Ä C{_mlow \_n(-A), Cukm \_n(-A) F¶nhsc t]mse-bm-Wv. ChÀ i{Xp-¡-tfmSv arXpe kz`mhw ImWn-¡p-¶h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. i{Xp-¡Äs¡-Xnsc ChÀ ZpB sNbvXn-Ã. DaÀ; Xm¦Ä
\qlv \_n(-A)-tbbpw aqkm-\-_n(-A)-s\bpw t]mse-bm-Wv. Ccp-h-cpam- W tÃm i{Xp- ¡ - f m s]mdp- X n- a p«n AhÀ¡v FXnsc ZpB
sNbvX-Xv.(1)
_µn-I-tfmSv am\y-am-bm-Wv \_n(-k)bpw klm-_¯pw s]cp-am-dnbncp-¶Xv. AhÀ¡v am\p-jnI ]cn-K-W\ \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶p. th− AXymhiy kuI-cy-§-sfÃmw sNbvXp sImSp-¯p. aZo-\-bn F¯n-b-t¸mÄ
Ahsc kzlm-_-¯n\v G¸n¨p. sImSp-¯p. _Ôn-Isf GÂ]n-¡pt¼mÄ \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. \·-sIm−v FÃm-h-tcbpw ka-·m-cm-¡-Ww.
apkz-vl_v_v\p DssaÀ(-d)sâ ktlm-Z-c³ A_q Akokv ]d-bp¶p:
Rm³ _Zvdn _Ôn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. IqsS ]nXmhpw D½bpw D−v. AhÀ
`£W Xfn-I-bp-ambn t]mIp-t¼mÄ R§Ä¡v Xcpw. AXn \n¶v
R§Ä Imc¡ Xn¶pw. {]`m-X, {]tZm-j-§-fn C§s\ e`n-¡p-ambn-c p-¶p. \_n(-k)-bpsS IÂ]\ {]Im-c -am-bn-c p¶p CXv e`n-¨Xv.
_Zvd n GsX- ¦n-e p- sam-c m- fpsS ssIbn Hcp ]¯ncn e`n-¨ mÂ
AXnsâ Hcp Ijv Ww F\n¡v Xcp-a m- bn- c p-¶ p. \mWw ImcWw
AhÀ¡v Xs¶ Rm³ AXv Xncn¨v \ÂIpw.(2)
_µn-tam-N\w ]e hnt[-\-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tamN-\-{Zhyw hm§nbpw
kuP-\y-ambpw tamNn-¸n-¡s¸-«-hÀ, Bfp-Isf ]Tn-¸n-¡pI F¶ DS¼-Sn-bn tamNn-¸n-¡s¸«hÀ, acn-¨-hÀ, sImÃ-s¸-«-hÀ A§s\sbÃmam-bncp¶p _Ôn-Isf tamNn-¸n¨ncp-¶-Xv.
_Zvdv bp²w Ignªp Jpssd-in-IÄ Hcp Xocp-am\w FSp-¯p. tamN\-am-h-iy-s¸«v, s]s«¶v Xs¶ aZo-\-bn sN¶v \_n(-k)sb kao-]n¡-cp-sX-¶m-bn-cp-¶p Xocp-am-\w. tamN\ kwJy hÀ²n-¸n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m\m-bn-cp¶p CXv. F¶n-cp-¶mepw Jpssd-in-I¡n-S-bn \n¶v Xs¶
IcmÀ ewL-\-ap-−m-bn. cm{Xn-bpsS ad-hn ]e Jpssd-in-Ifpw X§fpsS Dä-hsc tamNn-¸n-¡m-\mbn aZo-\-bn-se-¯n. ]mXn-cm-{Xn-bn apXzen_v_v\p A_q-h-Zm-A¯v aZo-\-bn F¯n. \mem-bncw ZnÀlw \ÂIn
Xsâ ]nXmhv A_p-h-Zm-A¯v_v\p C_o-d-Xp kl-ansb tamNn-¸n¨p. CXm-bn-cp¶p _µn-I-fn \n¶pÅ BZys¯ tamN-\w. ]n¶oSv
]ecpw tamN\ Bh-iyhp-am-bn-h-¶p.
1. apkvenw (32-þ18-þ1763) AÂ _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3-þ338-þ40)
2. \fvdv_v\p lmcn-kn\p tijw ]XmI hln¨. A_q Ako-knsâ D½ \ÂInb
4000 ZnÀl-an¶v tamNn-¸n-¨p. (ko-d¯p C_v\p lnimw (1/645-þ46) DkvZp lm_ (5/
215-þ10)
56

JmenZv_v\p heo-Zv(-d) sâ ktlm-Z-c³ heoZv _v\p heo-Zp apCudsb _µn-bmbn ]nSn-¨n-cp-¶p. Xsâ ktlm-Z-c§-fmb Jmen-Zv, lnimw,
F¶n-hÀ ]Ww \ÂIn At±-ls¯ tamNn-¸n-¨p. DSs\ Xs¶ At±lw
apkven-apam-bn. At¸mÄ ktlm-Z-c³ tNmZn-¨p. ]Ww \ÂIpw apt¼
apkven-am-bn-¡q-Sm-bn-c pt¶m? heo-Zv(-d) ]d-ªp. _Ô-\-¯n \n¶v
tamNn-X-\m-hm³ th−n-bmWv Rm³ apkven-am-b-Xv F¶v AhÀ [cn¡p-¶-Xns\ Rm³ shdp-¯p. heo-Zns\ AhÀ a¡-bn sIm−pt]mbn XS-¦en-en-«p. a¡-bnse ZpÀ_-e-cmb kzlm-_-¯n-\pÅ ZpBbn heo-Zn-s\bpw \_n(-k) DÄs¸-Sp-¯p-am-bn-cp-¶p. Dwd-¯p JfmC \_n(-k)-tbm-sSm¸w tNÀ¶p At±-lw.
tamN\ kwJy hm§msX c−v t]sc-bmWv _Zvdn tamNn-¸n-¨-Xv.
\_n(-k)-bpsS aIÄ ssk\-_(-d) `À¯mhv A_p Bkzn, Ihn-bmbn-cp¶ A_p DÊ Awdp_v\p Ppl-an. \_n(-k)-tbbpw kzlm-_¯n-s\bpw hÃmsX Bt£-] n¨v IhnX sNmÃp¶ Bfm-b n-c p¶p
A_p DÊ. Ah³ ]dªp: Hm {]hm-N-I-sc, Rm³ Zcn-{Z-\m-Wv.
F\n¡v `mcybpw a¡-fp-ap-−v. AhÀ Fs¶ B{i-bn-¡p-¶p. AXpsIm−v Ft¶mSv IcpW ImWn-¡-Ww. CXp-tI«v \_n(-k) A_pÂ
DÊ¡v am¸v \ÂIn tamNn-¸n-¨p. ]t£, DlvZn Ah³ Jpssd-in-IfpsS IqsS h¶p. kzlm-_-¯n-s\-Xnsc \nµy-amb coXn-bn IhnX
]S-¨p-−m¡n sNmÃn. Ahs\ DlvZn _µn-bm-¡n aZo-\-bn F¯n¨p. A_p DÊsb sIm¶-t¸m \_n(-k) ]dªp: Hcp apAvan\ns\ Hcp amf-¯n \n¶v c−v XhW ]m¼v ISn-¡n-Ã.
bmsXm¶pw hm§msX tamNn-¸n¨ hyàn-bmWv A_p Bkzn.
I¨-h-S-¡m-c-\m-bn-cp¶ At±-l-¯n\v D½p apA-van-\n³ JZo-P(-d)sâ
\nÀt±i{]Imcw \_n(-k )- bpsS aIÄ ssk\-_ (- d)s\ hnhmlw
sNbvXp sImSp-¯p. \p_p-Æ-¯nsâ ap¼m-bn-c p-¶p Cu hnhm-lw.
\_n(k)¡v \p_p-Ưv e`n-¨-t¸mÄ ssk\-_(-d) apkven-am-hp-Ibpw
`À¯mhv A_p- Bkzn ]gb aX-¯n Dd-¨p-\n-¡pIbpw sNbvXp.
Jpssd-in-IÄ ssk\-_(-d)sb Hgn-hm-¡m³ A_p Bkzn-tbmSv ]dsª-¦nepw At±-l-aXv sNhn-sIm-−n-Ã. Ccp-hcpw X§-fpsS aX-§fn-embn \ne-sIm-−p. ]t£, \_n(-k) lnPvd t]mb-t¸mÄ ssk\_(-d) a¡-bn Xs¶-bm-bn. _Zvdn Jpssd-in-I-tfm-sSm¸w ]pd-s¸«
A_p Bkzn AhnsS _µn-bm-¡-s¸-«p.
tamN\kwJy-bp-ambn aZo-\-bn-te¡v Jpssd-in-IÄ Bsf Ab-¨t¸mÄ ssk\-_(-d)sâ hnhml ka-b¯v amXmhv JZo-P(-d) \ÂInb
amebpw sImSp-¯-b¨p; `À¯m-hnsâ tamN-\-¯n-\m-bn. At±-l-¯nsâ
ktlm-Z-c³ Awdp_v\p d_n-A¯v BWv ame-bp-ambn \_n(-k)-bpsS
ASp-¡Â F¯n-b-Xv. Cu ame I−-t¸mÄ \_n(-k)-bpsS lrZbw
57

hnXp-¼n. `mcy JZo-Pm(-d)sb HmÀa-bmbn. kzlm-_-¯nsâ k½X
{]Imcw A_p Bkznsb tamNn-¸n-¨p. ]t£, Hcp DS-¼-Sn-bp-−m-bncp-¶p. a¡-bn-epÅ aIÄ ssk\-_(-d)sb aZo-\-bn-te¡v hcm³ k½Xw
\ÂI-Ww. sskZv_v\p lmcn-kns\ c−v A³kzm-cn-I-fpsS IqsS a¡bn-te¡v Ab¨v ssk\-_v(-d)s\ aZo-\-bn F¯n-¨p. bp²w Ignªv
Hcp amk-ti-j-am-bn-cp¶p ssk\-_(d)-bpsS Cu hc-hv.
A_p Bkzn apivcn-¡p-I-fpsS km[-\-§ -fp-ambn iman I¨hSw \S¯n aS-§-sh, Ahsc kzlm-_¯v t\cn«p. AXn HmSn-t¸mb
A_q Bkzn cm{Xn-bn aZo-\-bn-epÅ ssk\-_(-d)-bpsS ASp-¡-se¯n. \_n(k) kp_vln \nkvI-cn-¡m³ h¶-t¸mÄ BWv A_pÂ
Bkzn-bpsS hc-hns\ Ipdn-¨-dn-ª-Xv. A_p Bkzn-bpsS IÂ]\
{]Imcw At±-l-¯nsâ hÀ¯I kwL-¯n D−m-bn-cp¶ kz¯p¡sfÃmw Xncn¨v \ÂIp-Ibpw At±-l-¯nsâ a¡-bn-e pÅ Ah-Im-inIÄ¡v \ÂIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]ns¶ Ckvemw ]pÂInb At±lw aZo\-bn F¯n ssk\-_v(-d)-s\, \_n(-k) At±-l-¯n\v \ÂIn; ]gb
\nIm-lnembn Xs¶. asämcp \nIm-ln-em-sW¶pw A`n-{]m-ba
- p-−v. a¡mhn-P-b-¯nsâ ASp¯ ka-b-¯m-bn-cp¶p Cu kw`-h§sf-Ãmw.(3)
_µnI-fpsS Iq«-¯n henb D]-{Z-h-Im-cn-I-fmb c−p-t]-c p-−mbn-cp-¶p. lfvdv_v\p lmcn-kv, DXv_-Xp_v\p A_o apCu-Xzv. Ccp-htcbpw \_n(-k)-bpsS IÂ]\ {]Imcw Aen(-d) sIm¶p. lfvdns\
sIm¶Xv kz^vdm-\n sh¨m-Wv. Ccp-hcpw apkvenw-I-tfmSv ]I-bpw,
hntZz-jhpw Akq-bbpw sh¨v ]peÀ¯p¶hcm-bn-cp-¶p. DXv_-¯ns\
sImÃm³ hn[n-¨-t¸mÄ AhÀ \_n(-k)-tbmSv tNmZn-¨p. apl-½-tZ,
Jpssd-in-I-fn Fs¶ am{Xw sImÃp-Itbm? \_n(-k) ]dªp AsX.
Fs¶ \o D]-{Zhn-¨Xv HmÀa-bn-tÃ. C_vdmlow aJm-an Rm³ kpPqZv
sNbvXv sIm−n-cns¡ Fsâ ]nc-Sn-bn \o AaÀ¯n-bntÃ? asämcp
ka-b¯v Rm³ kpPq-Zn-em-bn-cns¡ BSnsâ IpS ame Fsâ Xebn \o C«ntÃ? Fsâ aIÄ ^mXzn-a-btà AXv FSp¯v amän-bXv(4)
a¡-¡mÀ A£c RvPm\n-I-fmbt¸mÄ aZo-\m-hm-kn-IÄ \nc-£c
- cm-bn-cp-¶p. aZo-\-bnse ]¯p-t]sc A£-c-Úm\w ]Tn-¸n-¡pI F¶Xm-bn-cp¶p tamN-\-{Z-hyw. Cu DS-¼Sn {]Imcw IÀ¯hyw \nÀh-ln¨v

3. lnPvd Bdn \S¶ lpssZ-_n-b¡p tij-amWv apivcn-In\v apkven-ans\ hnhmlw
sN¿p-¶-Xv hne-¡n-bXv. (i-dlv kpÂJm\n 2/126), AÂ _nZm-bXp h¶n-lmb (6/
434- þ35)
4. _pJmcn (6-þ69-þ3854-þ56), AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/346,49)
58

Nne-scÃmw tamNn-X-cm-bn.

Aºm-kv(-d)sâ tamN\w
JpssdinI-fpsS t\Xmhpw ld-ansâ ]cn-]m-e-I-\p-am-bn-cp¶ Aºmkv(d- ) \nÀ_Ô kml-N-cy-¯n-emWv _Zvdn-te¡v Jpssd-in-If
- psS IqsS
]pd-s¸-«-Xv. apkven-am-bn-cp¶ At±lw hnizmkw ad¨v sh¨v aäp-Nne
Imcy-§Ä¡v th−n-bmWv i{Xp-¡-tfm-sSm¸w IqSn-bXv.
hen-b [\m-Vy-\m-bn-cp¶p Aºm-kv(-d). _p²n-am³, \o−v shfp¯v
XSn¨ icoc {]Ir-Xn, ]¯v B¬ a¡Ä D−m-bn-cp¶p At±-l-¯n\v.
\_n(-k)-sb-¡mÄ aq¶v hbÊv IqSp-X D−m-bn-cp-¶p. a¡-bn sh¨v
\_n(-k)¡pw kzlm-_-¯n\pw Aºm-kv(-d) henb klmbw sNbvXn«p-−v. {]hm-NI e_v[n-bpsS ]Xn-aq-¶mw-hÀjw lÖnsâ Ah-k-c¯n ]mXn-cm-{Xn-bn aZo-\-bn \n¶v h¶ 75 Bfp-I-fp-ambn \_n(k) Hcp DS-¼Sn sNbvXp. Jpssd-in-IÄ Adn-bm-sX, ]mXn-cm-{Xn-bnÂ
\S¶ B clky Icm-dn Aºmkv (d) ]s¦-Sp¯p {]kw-Kn-¨p. A¶v
At±lw apkven-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã.(1)
_Zvdnse _µn-If
- n {]ap-J\
- m-bn-cp¶p Aºm-kv(d- ). A_p bkvdv
IAv_v_v\p Awdp A³kzm-cn-bm-Wv At±-ls¯ _Ôn-bm-¡n-bXv.
At±-ls¯ _Zvdn sh¨v ]nSn¨v _µn-bm-¡nb cq]s¯ Ipdn¨v
\_n(k) tNmZn- ¨ - t ¸mÄ A_pÂb- k oÀ(- d ) ]d- ª p. F\n¡v
bmsXmcphn[ ap³]-cn-N-b-hp-an-Ãm¯ HcmÄ Fs¶ AXn\v klm-bn¨p. At¸mÄ \_n(-k)-]-dªp: AXp-a-e-¡m-bn-cp-¶p.
bp²w Ignªv cm{Xn-bn kzlm-_-s¯Ãmw Dd-¡-¯n-em-b-t¸mÄ
\_n(-k)¡v am{Xw Dd-¡a
- n-Ã. kzlm-_¯v tNmZn-¨p. F´mWv \_ntb
A§v Dd-§m-¯Xv? \_n(-k) ]dªp _µn-bm-¡-s¸« ]nXr-hy³
Aºm-kv(-d)sâ tX§Â Rm³ tIÄ¡p-¶p. CXp-tI«v sI«n-bn« Aºm1. C_v\p lnimw (2/49)
59

kv(-d) s\ kzlm-_¯v Agn-¨p-hn-«p. \_n(-k) ]n¶oSv Dd-§p-Ibpw
sNbvXp. Ipd¨v Ignªv DWÀ¶-t¸mÄ ]nXr-hysâ tX§Â tIÄ¡p¶n-Ã. At¸mÄ \_n(-k) hnhcw Bcm-ªp. kzlm-_¯v ]dªp:
R§Ä Aºm-kv(-d)s\ sI«-gn-¨p-hn-«p. F¶m FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw sI«gn¨v hnSq \_n(-k) Acp-fn.
_µn-bmb Aºm-kv(-d) ]dªp: \_n-tb, Rm³ ap-kven-am-Wv. \_n(k) ]dªp: Xm¦-fpsS Ckvemw AÃm-lp-hn-\-dn-bmw. AÃmlp AXn\v
{]Xn-^e
- hpw \ÂIpw. \mw {]Xy-£-am-bXv sIm−v hn[n-¡pw. \_n(k)
tamN\ {Zhyw tNmZn-¨t- ¸mÄ Aºm-kv(d) ]dªp: Fsâ-b-Sp-¡Â H¶pan-Ã. DSs\ \_n(-k) ]dªp: Xm¦Ä `mcy D½p ^fvÂ(2)sâ bSp¡Â Ipgn-¨n-Sm³ GÂ]n¨ ]Ww FhnsS? _Zvdn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-Spw-ap¼v
`mcy-bpsS ssIhiw kq£n-¡m³ G¸n¨ kz¯ns\ Ipdn-¨mWv
\_n(k) ]d-ª-Xv. bm{X-bn X\n¡v hà AXym-ln-Xhpw ]än-bmÂ
a¡-fmb ^fvÂ, A_vZp-Ã, Jkw F¶n-hÀ¡v \ÂIm³ th−n-bmWv
Cu ]Ww G¸n-¨-Xv. hfsc cl-ky-ambn \S¶ Hcp Imcyw \_n(k)bn \n¶v Aºm-kv(-d) tI«-t¸mÄ At±lw Gsd A¼-c-t¸msS ]dªp. AÃm-lp-hmtW kXyw Xm¦Ä {]hm-N-I-\m-Wv. Rm\pw D½pÂ
^fvepw am{Xw Adn-bp¶ Imcy-amWv Ct¸mÄ Xm¦Ä ]d-ª-Xv. Aºmkv(-d) Xsâ-bpw, IqsS-bpÅ ktlm-Zc ]p{X-·m-cm-b, \u^Â, lJnÂ
F¶n-h-cpsS ]Ww \ÂIn tamNn-X-\m-bn. Aºm-kv(-d) Xs¶bmWv
Gähpw IqSp-XÂ tamN\ kwJy \ÂInbXv. \qdv DJnb kzÀWw.
A³kzm-dp-If
- n NneÀ H¶pw hm§msX Aºm-kv(-d)s\ tamNn-¸n-¡m³
XmÂ]-cy-s¸-s«-¦nepw \_n(-k) AXn\p hg-§n-bn-Ã.(3)
apkven-am-bn-cp¶ Aºm-kv(-d) \n¶v tamN-\-¯n-\mbn tamN\ {Zhyw
hm§n-b-Xv F´p-sIm−v? {]Xy-£-¯n apkvenw-IÄ¡v FXn-cm-bXv
sIm−p-Xs¶. \_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw Aºm-kv(-d)s\ _lp-am\n-¡p-Ibpw BZ-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-am-bn-cp-¶p. tamN\ kwJy \ÂIn,
kztZ-i-amb a¡-bn-te¡v t]mhm³ Hcp-§n-b-t¸mÄ At±-ls¯ BZcn¨v sIm−v Hcp I½okv [cn-¸n-¡m³ \_n(-k) Dt±-in-¨p. ZoÀL-Im2. ep_m_ _n³Xv lmcnkv F¶mWv al-Xn-bpsS t]cv. D½p apA-van-\q³ ssaaq-\m
(-d) ktlm-Z-cn-I-bm-Wv. Bdv a¡Ä¡v P-·-taIn D½p ^fvÂ(d).) JZo-P(-d) \p tijw
kv {XoI-fn BZy-ambn Ckv emw ]pÂIn-b-X v D½p ^fv BWv. (ko-d-¯pÂ
le_n 2/188, DkvZp lmk 6/256) D½p ^fv BZy-am-b-hc
- n s]Sm³ km[yX-bn-Ã. ImcWw Ckvem-an-te¡p IqSp-¶-h-cpsS Iq«-¯n Ahsc BZyw F®p¶nÃ.
D½p ^fvensâ IqsS-bmWv A_p-dm-^nlpw apkven-am-b-Xv. At±-l-s¯bpw Bcpw
A§s\ F®p-¶n-Ã. (^-Xvlp _mcn 8/589)
3. Zem-C-ep-¶p-_pÆ (3/141-þ43), A _nZm-b-¯p h¶n-lmb (3/341-þ42), Hcp Du¡nb
40 ZnÀlw (a-lÃn 2/22)
60

b-\mb At±-l-¯n-s\m¯v H¶pw e`y-am-bn-cp¶nÃ. I]S hnizm-kn-IfpsS Xe-h-\mb A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p D_-¿n_v\p keq tbmPn¨ H¶v
\ÂIn-b-Xv. D_-¿_v\p keqemWv acn-¨-t¸mÄ _ÀI¯v Dt±-in¨v
aI³ ]nXm-hns\ I^³ sN¿m-\mbn B Jaokv \_n(-k)-tbmSp tNmZn¨p. At¸mÄ AXv \_n(-k) \ÂIn (4)
_lvssd-\n \n¶v ]Ww F¯n-b-t¸mÄ AXv ]Ån-bn Hcp-an¨v
Iq«m³ ]d-ªp. At¸mÄ Aºm-kv(d) ]d-ªp. Hm þ \_ntb F\n¡v
AXn \n¶v Xcptam? tamN-\-{Zhyw Rm³ \ÂI-nbtÃm? \_n(-k)
]dªp FSp-¡q. hkv{Xw hncn¨v th−p-thmfw FSp-¯p. hfsc IqSpXÂ D−m- b n- c p¶p AXv . B henb Npa- « p- a mbn Aºm- k v ( - d )
t]mIpt¼mÄ I¬ ad- b p- ¶ Xv hsc \_n(- k ) At±- l s¯
t\m¡n\n¶p. Aºm-kv(-d)s\ I−m DaÀ(-d) Dkvam³(-d) F¶n-hÀ
At±-ls¯ _lp-am-\n¨v sIm−v hml\ ]pd¯v \n¶v t]mepw Cd§p-am-bn-cp-¶p. a¡m-hn-P-b-¯n-\mbn \_n(-k) h¶-t¸mÄ Pplv^(5)bnÂ
sh¨v Aºmkv(d)hpw kwLhpw Ckvem-ans\ IqSp-XÂ {]I-S-am-¡n.
aZo-\-bn-te¡v Aºm-kv(-d)Dw kwLhpw ]pd-s¸-«-t¸m-gmWv Cu I−v
ap«epw shfn-hm-¡-ep-ap-−m-b-Xv. aZo-\-bn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-Sm³ XmÂ]-cys¸« At±-ls¯ a¡-bn Xs¶ \n¡m³ \_n(-k) t{]cn-¸n-¨p.
]nXr-hy-t\mSv ]d-ªp. Fsâ {]hm-N-IXzw Ah-km-\-t¯XmbXv
t]mse Xm¦-fpsS ]em-b-\hpw Ah-km-\-t¯-XmWv. \_n(-k)-bpsS
hm¡v t]mse Xs¶ a¡-bn \n¶v aZo-\-bn Ah-km-\-ambn F¯nbXpw ChÀ Xs¶. aZo-\-bn F¯nb tijw \nc-h[n bp²-§fnepw AhÀ ]s¦-Sp-¯p.
\_n(-k) h^m-¯m-b-t¸mÄ Ipfn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xnepw aäpw t\XrXzw
\ÂIn-b-Xv Aºm-kv(-d) Bbn-cp-¶p. lnPvd 32 dP_v 18\v Dkvam³(-d)
sâ `cW Ime¯v alm³ h^m-¯m-bn. Jeo-^-bmWv a¿n¯v \nkvIm¯n\v t\XrXzw \ÂIn-b-Xv. acn-¡p-t¼mÄ 88 hbÊv D−m-bn-c p-¶p.
P¶-Xp _Jn-C BWv At±-ls¯ J_-d-S-¡nb-Xv. ag-bn-Ãm-Xn-cp¶- t ¸mÄ DaÀ(- d )- \ _n(- k )- b psS ]nXr- h y- \ mb Aºm- k v ( - d )s\

4. kod-¯p-¶-_hn (1/402 þ 404)
5. ZpÂlp-sse^ F¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-−v.
6. kod-¯p le_n (3/78) AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3/342, 7/195þ98)
61

\n¶nte¡v R§Ä Xh-Êp-em-¡p-¶p F¶v ]dªv AÃm-lp-thmSv ZpB
sN¿p-am-bn-cp¶p. DSs\ agbpw e`n-¡pw.(6)

Nncn¨ aZo-\, Icª a¡
_Zvdnse bp²-hn-hcw a¡-bnepw aZo-\-bnepw hyXyØ {]Xn-I-cW-am-Wv Df-hm-In-b-Xv. apkvenw-IÄ hnP-bn¨ hnhcw aZo-\-bn F¯nb-t¸mÄ s]s«¶v BÀ¡pw DÄs¡m-Åm-\m-bn-Ã. Imc-Ww, A{Xbpw
henb Hcp hnPbw þAXpw `qcn-]-£-t¯mSv þ AhÀ {]Xo-£n-¨n-cp¶nÃ.
a¡-bnepw ]eÀ¡pw bp²-hn-hcw DÄs¡m-Åm-\m-bn-Ã. ImcWw Al¦m-c-t¯msS t]mb {]ap-J-scÃmw sImÃ-s¸«v ]cm-P-b-¯nsâ ]Sp-Ipgn-bn hoWp F¶v ]d-ªm Bfp-IÄ F§s\ hniz-kn-¡pw AXpw
Hcp \yq\-]-£-t¯m-Sv.
_Zvdnse hnPb hnhcw aZo-\-bn Adn-bn-¡m-\mbn \_n(-k) c−v
klm_n-Isf Ab-¨p. A_vZp-Ã m-ln_v\p dhm-lv(-d) sskZp_v\p
lmcn-kv(-d). A_vZp-Ã(-d)s\ aZo-\-bpsS apIÄ`m-K-t¯¡pw Ip_mln-te¡pw hnP-b-hn-hcw Adn-bn-¡m-\m-bn \ntbm-Kn-¨-t¸mÄ sskZp(d)\v aZo-\-bpsS Xmgv`m-K-¯nsâ Npa-X-e-bmWv \ÂIn-b-Xv. \_n(-k)bpsS tamNnX Zmk-\mbncp¶ sskZv(d) \_n(-k)-bpsS H«-I¯
- nsâ
taemWv bm{X Xncn-¨-Xv.
da-fm³ 17\v shÅn-bmgvN \S¶ _Zvdv bp² hnhcw 19\v RmbdmgvN D¨-tbmsS Xs¶ aZo-\-bn F¯n. \_n(-k) Ab¨ `qX·mcn \n¶mWv _Zvdnse bp² hnhcw BZy-sa-¯n-b-Xv. aZo-\-bnÂ
F¯nb A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p dhml Xsâ IpXn-c-¸p-d-¯p-\n¶v hnfn-¨p]-d-ªp. ""Hm A³kmÀ \_n(-k) c£-s¸-«p. apivcn-¡p-IÄ sImÃ-s¸«p.'' sImÃ-s¸-«, _µnbm-¡-s¸« {]ap-J-sc-sbÃmw ]d-ª p. kXyamtWm dhmlv Xm¦Ä ]d-bp-¶-Xv? \mkn-ap_v\p AZn-¿v(-d)tNmZn-¨p.
A_v Z p- à m- l n_v \ p dhmlv ]d- ª p. AsX, \_n(k) _Ôn- I sfbpambn \msf _Zvdn \n¶v ]pd-s¸-Spw. ]ns¶ Hmtcm A³km62

dnsâ ho«n-te-¡pw kt´mjhmÀ¯ Adn-bn-¨p. A_q-Plv sImÃs¸«p F¶p ]dªv Ip«n-IÄ ]m«p-]m-Sn kt´mjw {]I-Sn-¸n-¨p.
henb Hcp-¡tam bp² {]Xo-£tbm CÃmsX ]pd-s¸« kzlm_¯v D¶X hnPbw t\Sn F¶p ]d-ªm F§s\ hniz-kn-¡pw?
Jpssd-in {]ap-J-scÃmw sImÃ-s¸«p F¶pw _µn-bm-¡-s¸-«p- F¶pw
s]s«¶v tIÄ¡p-t¼mÄ Ahn-izmkw tXm¶ntÃ? AXv tI«-t¸mÄ
Xs¶ NneÀs¡Ãmw Ahn-iz-k-\o-b-am-bn-cn-¡pw. Jpssd-in-IÄ h[n¡-s¸« hn-hcw sskZv(d) ]d-ª-t¸mÄ NneÀ ]dªp. ""sskZv t]Sn¨v
HmSn-t¸m-¶-Xm-Wv.'' \_n(k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw N§-e-bn _µn-Ifp-ambn hcp-¶Xv I−-t¸m-gmWv AhÀ¡v bmYmÀ°yw t_m[y-am-bXv.
bp² hnhcw aZo-\-bn F¯n-b-t¸mÄ Hcp I]Shnizmkn DkmaXv_v\p sskZv(-d) hnt\mSv ]dªp. ""\nsâ t\Xmhpw A\p-bm-bnIfpw sImÃ-s¸-«p.'' asäm-cmÄ A_q-ep-_m-_(-d)-hn-t\mSv ]d-ªp.'' P\§sfÃmw NnX-dn-tbm-Sn. C\n AhÀ Hcn-¡epw Hcp-an¨v IqSn-Ã. apl½Zpw kwLhpw sImÃ-s¸«p. apl-½-Znsâ hnc−v HmSnb H«-Ia
- nXm
sskZv I−ntÃ. t]Sn¨v HmSn h¶-XmWv. Ds\ A_q-ep-_m_ ]dªp:
""\nsâ hm¡v AÃmlp Ak-Xy-am-¡pw.(1)
FtXym-]y-bnse cmPm-hmb \Pmin _Zvdnse hnPb hnh-c-a-dnªv
AXy-[nIw kt´m-jn-¨p. a¡-bnÂ\n¶v FtXym-]y-bn-te¡v A`bw
tXSn-sb-¯nb \_n(-k)-bpsS ]nXr-hy³ PA-v^-dp_v\p A_o-Xzm-en_v(-d) s\bpw kwL-s¯bpw hnhcw Adn-bn-¨p. hfsc Xmgvat- bmsS
\ne-¯n-cp¶Xv sIm−mWv kt´mj hnhcw cmPmhv Adn-bn-¨-Xv.(2)
sslkp-am-\p_v\p A_vZp-Ãm-ln lnkm-bn \n¶mWv a¡-¡mÀ
_Zvdnse hnhcw Adn-ª-Xv. At±-l-amWv _Zvdn \n¶v BZy-ambn
a¡-bn F¯n-b-Xv. _Zvdnse ]cm-Pb hnhcw Jpssdin-I-tfmSv ]dªt¸mÄ AhÀ¡v DÄs¡m-Åm-\m-bn-Ã. sImÃ-s¸« Jpssd-in-Isf
Ipdn-s¨Ãmw sslkp-am³ F®n-sb®n Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v hni-Zo-I-cn¨v
sImSp-¯ -t ¸mÄ Ahn-s S-b p- −m-b n-c p¶ kz^v hm-\ p_v \p Da- ¿¯v
sslkp-ams\ ]co£n-¡m-³ X¿m-dm-bn. kz^vhm³ Iq«m-fn-I-tfmSv
]dªp: ""sslkp-am\v {`m´m-Wv. \n§Ä Abm-tfmSv Fs¶ Ipdn¨v
tNmZn¨v t\m¡q.'' Iq«m-fn-IÄ kz^vhmsâ hnhcw Xnc-¡n-b-t¸mÂ
1. Zem-C-ep-¶p-_pÆ 3/132, apk\^v A_vZp-d-kmJv 5352,
AÂ_n-Zm-b¯p h¶n-lmb (3-/346-þ48.)
2. apk\^v A_vZp-d-kmJv (3851)
63

sslkp- am³ ]dªp: ""kz^v hm³ AXm IA- v _- b psS ASp¯v
Ahsâ ]nXmhpw ktlm-Z-c\pw sImÃ-s¸-«n-«p-−v.'' kz^vhm³ IAv_bpsS ASp¯v adnªv Ccp-¶p-sIm-−m-Wv CXv ]d-ª-Xv.
A_q-kp-^vbm-\p_v\p lmcn-kn_v\n A_vZn apXz-en-_v(3) _Zdn \n¶v aS-§n-h-¶-t¸mÄ P\-§Ä Npäpw IqSn. A_q-e-l_v tNmZn¨p. Hm ktlm-Zc ]p{Xm \nsâ-b-Sp-¡Â hà hmÀ¯bpw Dt−m? A_qkp-^vbm³ ]d-ªp.'' AÃm-lp-hmWv kXyw. \mw FXn-cm-fn-I-fp-ambn
Gäp-ap-«n-b-t¸mÄ AhÀ Cjv-Sm-\p-k-cWw \s½ sh«n-s¡m-Ãp-¶p. _µnI-fm-¡p-¶p. IpXn-c-¸p-d¯v Ibdn XqshÅ hkv{X-[m-cn-IÄ BImi
`qanIÄ-¡n-S-bn {]Xy-£-s¸-«p. AhÀ Hcm-sfbpw Ah-ti-jn-¸n-¡p¶n-Ã. AYhm FÃm-h-scbpw sImÃp-¶p.''
A_q-k p- ^vb m³ _Zvdnse cwKw hni-Zo-I- cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Aºmkv(d)sâ `mcy D½p ^fvepw ASna A_q-dm-^nDw kwL-t¯m-sSm¸w
D−m-bn-cp-¶p. AhnsS A_q-dm-^n-Av Hcp IÃn³ IjvWw DbÀ¯ns¡m−v ]d-ªp. ""AXv ae-¡m-Wv.'' B hm¡v A_qel-_n\v ]nSn¨n-Ã. Ah³ A_q-dm^n-Csâ apJ¯v ià-ambn {]l-cn-¨p. \ne¯n«p ASn-¨p. kwkw shÅ-¯nsâ ]cn-]m-e-\-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v
tPmen-bp-−m-bn-cp¶ A_q dm^n-Av BtcmKyw ipjvIn¨ Bfm-bn-cp¶p. `À¯m-hnsâ ASn-asb AImc-W-ambn aÀ±n-¡p-¶Xv I−-t¸mÂ
D½p ^fv cwK¯v h¶p. alXn Hcp hndIv IjvW-sa-Sp¯v A_qe-l-_ns\ \¶mbn {]l-cn-¨p.
A_q-e-l_v kv{XobpsS ASn-tbäv \oN\pw \nIrjvS\pw A`n-am\-£-X-taäh\p-am-bn. Cu kw`-h-¯n\v tijw Ggv Znh-k-amWv A_qe-l_v Pohn-¨Xv. t¹Kv _m[n¨v FÃm-h-cmepw shdp-¡-s¸«v IpSpw-_¡mÀ ssIsh-Snªv \nµy-amb cq]-¯n-e m-bn-c p¶p ac-Ww. PUw
t]mepw Gsä-Sp-¡m³ a¡Ä BZyw X¿m-dm-bn-Ã. acW tijw aq¶v
Znhkw ]n¶n-« v Noªp- \m-d m³ XpS§nb ihw Jpssd-i n- I- fpsS
\nÀ_Ô {]Imcw a¡Ä Gsä-Sp-¯p. a¡-bn Zqsc-sIm-−p-t]mbn
Npa-cn-t\mSv Nmcn \nÀ¯n IÃpw a®pan«v aqSn. PUw Ipfn-¸n-¨tXm?
aen\Pew sIm−pw.
_Zvdnse ]cm-Pb hnhcw Dd-¸m-b-t¸mÄ a¡m kv{XoIÄ Ah-cpsS
apSn apdn¨p. \nc-h[n IpXn-c-Isfbpw CS-b-·m-cn-Ãm¯ H«-I-§-sfbpw
Iim¸v sNbvXp.
acn-¨-h-tc-¡mÄ henb ]co-£-Wa
- mWv a¡-bnse Ah-ti-jn-¨h
- À¡v
3. iman-te¡v hÀ¯I kwLs¯ \bn¨ A_q-kp-^vbm-\à At±-lw.
64

AÃmlp \ÂIn-b Xv. Ic- ª m ZpxJ-¯ n-s \Ãmw Ipd-h p-−m-hpw.
F¶m _Zvdn sImÃ-s¸-«-h-cpsS ta Ic-bm³ km[n-¡msX ZpxJw
Xfw-sI«n _p²n-ap«n Jpssd-inIÄ.
AÔ-\mb Akvh-Zp_v\p apXz-en-_nsâ aq¶p a¡Ä ka-l-¯v,
AJoÂ, lmcnkv _Zvdn sImÃ-s¸-«n-cp-¶p. a¡Ä \jvS-s¸« hnc-l¯m AkvhZv AXoh ZpxJn-X-\m-bn-. Ic-bm³ At±lw hÃmsX
B{Kln-¨p. ]t£, Ic-¨n-en-Ã. ZpxJ-ap-−m-hp-t¼mÄ Ic-ªm Iptd
ZpxJ-`mcw \o§pw. AÃmlp Ah-cpsS ta Ic-¨n-en-Ãm-sX-bm¡n ZpxJ`mcw Xfw-sI«n \nÀ¯n. cm{Xn Hcp Ic-¨n tI«-t¸mÄ AkvhZv ASnasb hnfn¨v ]d-ªp. ""t]mbv t\m¡q Ic-¨n A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amtbm
ac-W-s¸-«-h-cpsS t]cn Jpssd-in-IÄ Ic-bp¶ i_vZ-amtWm? Fsâ
a\-kn ZpxJw L\o-`h
- n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F\n¡v Ic-bWw.'' AkvhZv hyk\-¯m ]d-ªp. bP-am-\sâ hm¡v tI«v ]pd¯v t]mbn aS-§n-h¶

4. t\m¡p-I, Ibid (3-þ346-þ53) C_v\p lnimw 2þ281-þ91, A Iman 2þ132.
65

ASna ]dªp, H«Iw \jvS-s¸-«-Xnsâ t]cn Hcp kv{Xo Ic-bp¶
i_vZ-am-W-Xv. CXv tI« AkvhZv ZpxJ-`m-c-¯m Ihn-X sNmÃn a\-kam-[m\w sIm−p.(4)

aZo-\-bn-te¡v hnPb t`cn
]Xn-\mev hÀjs¯ A{I-a, ]oV-\, bmX-\-IÄ¡v tijw A{Ian-Isf \new-]-cn-im¡n sh¶n-s¡m-Sn-Im«nb tbm²m-¡Ä¡v lrZy-amb
kzoI-c-W-amWv aZo-\-bn e`n-¨-Xv. henb H-cp-¡tam bpt²m-t±yiytam
CÃmsX ]pd-s¸«v, hnPb Inco-S-a-Wnª \_n(-k)-sbbpw kzlm-_¯n-s\bpw kzoI-cn-¡m³ h³ P\m-hen Xs¶ Hcp-an¨v IqSn-bn-cp-¶p.
bp² hnhcw Adn-bmsX ]pd-s¸-Sm³ km[n-¡m-¯-hcpw ]e Imc-W§-fm amän \nÀ¯-s¸-«-hcpw Ip«n-Ifpw aäp-saÃmw kzoI-cn-¡m³
F¯n-b-h-cpsS Iq«-¯n D−m-bn-cp-¶p.
ka-cmÀÖnX k¼¯v ap³Ime kap-Zm-b-§Äs¡m¶pw A\p-h-Z\o-b-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. kacmÀÖnX kzs¯Ãmw AhÀ Hcp-an¨v Iq«pw.
tijw BIm-i¯v \n¶v Xo h¶v \in-¸n-¡p-I-bm-bn-c p¶p ]Xn-hv.
ap³Km-an-IÄ¡v A\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-Ãm-Xn-cp¶ kamÀPnX kz¯v Cu kapZm-b-¯n\p AÃmlp A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-¡n.(1)
\_n(-k ) X§fpsS IÂ]\ {]Imcw _Zv d n ka- c mÀÖnX
kzs¯Ãmw kzlm-_¯v Hcp-an-¨p-Iq-«n. ]s£, kz¯nsâ t]cnÂ
kzlm-_-¯nsâ CS-bn A`n-{]mb `n¶-X-bp-−m-bn. aq¶v A`n-{]mb-§Ä BWv DbÀ¶p h¶-Xv.
apivcn-¡p-IÄ XncnsI h¶v A{I-an-¡p-¶-Xn \n¶v \_n(-k)¡v
kwc-£Ww \ÂIn-b-hÀ kz¯n-¶-h-Im-in-IÄ R§-fm-sW¶v hmZn¨p.
apivcn-¡p-Isf ]n³Xp-SÀ¶v h[n-¡p-Ibpw _Ôn-bm-¡p-Ibpw
sNbvX-hcpw Ah-Imiw D¶-bn-¨p. bp²-¡-f-¯n Nn¶n-¨n-Xdn-bn-cp¶
1. apkvenw (32, 11, 1747) id-lp-apkvenw 6/296.
66

k¼¯v Hcp-an-¨p-Iq-«n-b-hÀ X§-fpsS Ah-Im-i-am-sW¶v hmZn-¨p.
Hmtcm hn`m-K-¯n-sâbpw hmZw X§-fm-Wv bYmÀ° Ah-Im-in-IÄ
F¶m-bn-cp-¶p. DSs\ JpÀ-B³ kqàw Cd-§n. ""(\-_n-sb) A§tbm-S-hÀ bp²-¯n t\Snb kz¯p-¡sf ]än tNmZn-¡p-¶p. ]d-bpI:
bp²-¯n t\Snb kz¯p-¡Ä AÃm-lp-hn¶pw dkq-en-\p-ap-Å-Xm-Ip¶p. AXn-\m \n§Ä AÃm-lp-hns\ kq£n-¡p-Ibpw \n§Ä X½nepÅ _Ô-§Ä \¶m¡n XoÀ¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-I. \n§Ä hnizm-knI-fm-sW-¦n AÃm-lp-hn-s\bpw Ahsâ dkq-en-s\bpw A\p-k-cn-¡pIbpw sN¿p-I.(2) A§s\ \-_n(-k) k¼-s¯Ãmw ka-ambn `mKn¨p.(3)
bp²-¯n hnPbw e`n-¨m AhnsS aq¶v Znhkw hsc Xma-kn¡Â \_n(-k)-bpsS ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-¶p. _Zvdn aq¶v Zn\w Ign-ª-Xn\p
tij-am-Wv aZo-\-bn-te¡v bm{X Xncn-¨Xv. shÅn-bmgvN bp²w Ignªv
Xn¦-fmgvN cm{Xn \_n(-k)bpw kzlm-_¯pw _Zvdn \n¶v ]pd-s¸«p.
k\n-b¯p hZm-Av hgn-bmWv \_n(k) aZo-\-bn-te¡v {]th-in-¨Xv. {]Xy-£-¯n hÀ¯I kwL-am-sW¶v tXm¶n-¸n-¡p-whn-[-ambncp-¶p bm{X. F¶nh _Zvdnse _Ôn-IÄ, bp²-¯n e`n¨ k¼¯v
FÃmw IqsS-bp-−v. AXn-sâ-sbÃmw kwc-£W Npa-Xe A_vZp-Ãmln_v\p IA-v_v(-d)¶mbn-cp-¶p.(4)
ka-cmÀÖnX kz¯n \nc-h[n hkv¯p-¡Ä D−m-bn-cp-¶p. \qän
A³]Xv H«-Iw, ]¯v IpXn-c, Nc¡v km[-\-§Ä, hkv{X-§Ä, `£W
hkvXp-¡Ä, bp²m-bp-[§
- Ä XpS§n Jpssd-in-IÄ I¨-hS- m-hi
- ymÀ°w
Icp-Xnb hkvXp-¡Ä hsc kzlm-_¯v Hcp-an-¨p-Iq-«nb kz¯n D−mbn-cp-¶p. bm{Xm at²y kz^vdm-C\Sp-s¯-¯n-b-t¸mÄ kzs¯Ãmw
`mKn-¨p. bp²-¯n ]s¦-Sp-¡msX ]e Imc-W-§-fm amän \nÀ¯s¸-«-s¸-«-hÀ¡pw, _Zvdn-te-¡pÅ bm{Xm at²y acn¨ kzlm-_n-¡pw,
_Ôn-bm-¡n-b-hÀ¡pw Ah-cn-epÅ hnlnXw \ÂInb tij-am-bn-cp¶p
kz¯v hoXw sh¡Â. \_n(-k) hnfw-_cw sN¿m³ ]dªp sImÃs¸-«-hsâ hkvXp-¡Ä sIm¶-h¶pw _Ôn-bn-ep-ÅXv _Ôn-bm-¡n-bh-¶p-am-Wv.(5) ka-cmÀÖnX kz¯nsâ hnln-X-¯n Aiz-`-S-·mÀ¡v
arK-§sf ]cn-N-cn-¡m³ sNe-hp-Å-Xn-\m c−v hnlnXw \ÂIn.
2.
3.
4.
5.

A A³^m 1
AÂ _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb 3/344, 45
ahm-ln_p eZp-¶n¿ 1/376
bp²-¯n\v ap¼pw CXp-t]mse hnfw-_cw sN¿m³ \_n(-k) ]d-ªn-«p-−v. (ko-d¯p le_n 2/183þ84)
67

bp²w Ignªv aS-§n-h-cp¶ \_n(-k)-sbbpw kzlm-_-¯n-s\bpw
aZo\m hmkn-IÄ FXntcäXv dulm-CÂ sh¨m-Wv. hfsc BËm-Z]qÀÆw Bth-tizm-Öz-e-amb kzoI-c-W-amWv tbm²m-¡Ä¡v e`n-¨Xv. aZo-\-bnse Ip«n-IÄ Z^v ap«n ]m«v ]mSn kzoI-cn-¨p.
\_n(-k)sb I− Ah-k-c -¯n Dss_Zv_v\p JpssfÀ(-d) ]dªp. ""Hm dkqte! A§v _Zvdn-te¡p bp²-¯n\v t]mhp-I-sb¶ \ne¡-à Rm³ ]nt¶m«v \n¶-Xv. hÀ¯I kwLs¯ t\cn-SpI F¶-Xn\m-em-Wv. bp²-am-sW¶dnªncp-s¶¦n Rm\pw hcp-am-bn-cp-¶p.'' CXv
tI« \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. Xm¦Ä ]d-ªXv kXyw.(6)
bp²w Ignªv aZo-\-bnse _\q Jbv\p-Jm-Av A§m-Sn-bn sh¨v
PqX-·m-tcmSv \_n(-k) ]dªp: ""Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v AÃmlp \ÂInbXv t]mepÅ A]-I Sw \n§Ä¡pw hcpw- a p¼v apkv en- a m- h pI''
At¸mÄ A-hÀ ]d-ªp. bp²w Adn-bm¯ Jpssd-in-Isf sIm¶-Xn\m Al-¦-cn-¡-cpXv apl-½-sZ. R§fp-am-bn-«mWv bp²-sa-¦n Adn-

6. AÂ _nZm-b¯p h¶n-lmb 3/348
7. C_v\p lnimw 2/179
68

bp-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p. R§-fmWv bYmÀ° tbm²m-¡Ä. R§-fp-tS-Xn¶v
Xpey-amb Htc-äp-ap-«Â \o ImWp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã.(7)

_Zvco-§-fpsS alXzw
kXym-kXy hnth-N-\-¯n-\mbn ]S-¡-f-¯n-en-d-§nb _Zvdv tbm²m¡-fpsS alXzw AhÀ®-\o-b-am-Wv. Xulo-Znsâ \ne-\n¸n-\mbn
Xpey-X-bn-Ãm¯ t]mcm-«a
- mWv _Zvco-§Ä \S-¯n-b-Xv. _Zvdv bp²-¯nÂ
]s¦-Sp¯ Bfp-Isf Xncn-¨-dn-bm-\mbn {]tXyI t]cn Xs¶ hnfn¡p¶p. \nc-h[n bp²-§ Ä Ckve m-anI temI¯v \_n(- k)-bpsS
Ime¯pw tijhpw \S-¶n-«p-s−-¦nepw _Zvco§fpsS alXzw Hcp
t]mcm-fn-IÄ¡p-an-Ã. Hcp-{]-Xn-kÔn L«-¯n Ckvem-ansâ \ne-\nÂ]ns\ tNmZyw sN¿m³ i{Xp iàn-IÄ DbÀ¶v h¶-t¸mÄ Ahsc
HXp- ¡ m³ A\n- h mcy L«- ¯ n t]mÀI- f - ¯ n Cd- § n- b - h sc
\_n(k) hf-sc-b-[nIw BZ-cn-¨n-cp-¶p. kzlm-_-¯nse aäp-Å-h-sc¡mÄ FÃm Imcy-¯nepw {]m[m\yw \ÂIp-am-bn-cp-¶p.
\_n(k)bpw klm-_¯pw Hcp CSp-§nb Øe¯v Ccn-¡p-I-bmWv. At¸mÄ _Zvco-§-fn NneÀ AhnsS h¶p. kemw ]d-ªp.
AhÀ \n¡p-I-bm-Wv. Ccn-¡p-hm³ hÃ-hcpw HXp-§n-s¡m-Sp-¡p-sa¶
{]Xo-£-bn-emWv Ah-cpsS \ndp-¯w. ]t£, Bcpw AhÀ¡v Ccn¡m³ kuIcyw sImSp-¯n-Ã. _Zvco-§Ä \n¡p-¶Xv I−-t¸mÄ
\_n(-k)¡v {]bm-k-am-bn. Ccn-¡p-¶-h-c psS Iq«-¯n _Zvc o-§ Ä
AÃm¯hsc Fgp-t¶Â¸n¨v _Zvco-§Ä¡v Ccn-¡m-\pÅ kuIcyw
Hcp-¡nsImSp-¯p \_n(-k). ]ns¶ \_n(-k) FWo-ä-hÀ¡mbn ZpB
sNbvXp. ""Xsâ ktlm-Z-c\v hnim-eX \ÂIn-b-h\v AÃm-lpth \o
hnim-e X \ÂtI-Wta.''(1)
Hcp ho«n h¨v s]¬Ip-«n-IÄ tNÀ¶v acWs¸« _Zvco-§-fpsS
t]cv sNmÃn Z^v ap«p-I-bm-Wv. \_n(-k) hcp-¶Xv I−-t¸mÄ AhÀ
]m«p amän. ""\mfs¯ Imcy-a-dn-bp¶ \_n(-k) R§-fpsS IqsS-bmWv.'' DSs\ \_n(-k) ]d-ª p. CX-Ã ]d-tb-−-Xv. t\cs¯ ]dªXv ]d-bp-I(2).
_Zv d n ]s¦- S p¯ _Zv c o- § - f psS ]m]- § - s fÃmw AÃmlp
s]mdp¯p sImSp-¯n-«p-−v. Hcp kzlm_n h¶v \_n(-k)-tbmSv ]d1. kod-¯p le_n (2-þ205)
2. _pJmcn (64-þ12-þ4001)
3. kod¯p le_n (2/20) bYmÀ° I]S hnizm-kn-b-à CXv. sNdnb sXäv Fs´¦nepw sNbvXm km[m-cW ]d-bp¶ hm¡mWv Ah³ I]S hnizm-kn-bm-sW¶v
AXmWv kzlm_n ChnsS D²-cn-¨-Xv.
69

ªp. Fsâ ]nXrhy ]p{X³ I]S hnizm-kn-bm-bn-«p-−v. \_n(-k)
B kzlm-_n-tbmSv ]c-ªp. AhÀ _Zvdn ]s¦-Sp-¯-h-cm-Wv. _ZvdnÂ
]s¦-Sp-¯-h\v AÃmlp s]mdp¯p-sIm-Sp-t¯-¡mw.(3)
\_n(-k) a¡-bn-te¡v t]mIp¶ hnhcw kzlm-_n-I-fp-ambn ]¦psh-¨p. Cu hnhcw Adn-ªt- ¸mÄ lm¯n_v_v\p XzÂl¯v \_n(k)bpsS ]pd-¸m-Sns\ Ipdn¨v a¡-bn-te¡v I¯-b-¨p. kpssl-ep_v\p
Awdv, kz^vhm\p_v\p D½-¿-Xv, CIvcn-a-Xp_v\p A_o Plv F¶nhÀ¡p-amWv lmXn-_v(-d) I¯-b-¨-Xv. I\qZ(4) F¶ ASn-akv{Xo hiamWv I¯v sImSp-¯-b-¨-Xv. ]¯v ZnÀl-amWv {]Xn-^ew \nÝ-bn-¨Xv. aZo-\-bn \n¶v NmchmÀ¯ t]mb hnhcw \_n(-k)¡v e`n-¨p.
DSs\ \_n(k) Aen(-d), anJvZm-Zv(-d), kpss_À(-d)(5) F¶n-hsc Ab¨p. thKw ]pd-s¸-Sp-I. dul¯v lmCÂ(6) Hcp ASn-a-bp-−v. Ah-fpsS
ASp-¡Â Hcp I¯p-−v. AXv hm§-Ww. AhÀ t]mbn B kv{Xosb
I−p. I¯v tNmZn-¨p. B kv{Xo ]d-ªp, Fsâ I¿n I¯n-Ã.
\n¶n \n¶v R§Ä Is¯- S p- ¡pw. kzlm- _ m- ¡ Ä ]d- ª p.
kv{ XobpsS apSn- s¡-« n \n¶v kzlm-_ -¯ n\v I¯v In«n. AXv
\_n(k)sb G¸n-¨p. I¯v t\m¡nbt¸mÄ a¡m Jpssd-in-IÄ¡v
lmXzn-_v(-d) Ab¨ I¯m-bn-cp-¶p. \_n(-k) B kzlm-_nsb hnfn¨v
tNmZn-¨p. CXv F´mWv lmXzn_v?... kzlm_n Ipäw k½-Xn-¨p. CXv
Fgp-Xm-\pÅ Imc-Whpw hni-Zo-I-c n-¨p. lmXzn-_v(-d)sâ adp-]Sn
\_n(k)¡v Xr]vXn-bm-bn. \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. Xm¦Ä ]d-ªXv hmkvXhw. DaÀ(-d) ]dªp: ""A\p-h-Zn-¡q \_ntb, Cu I]S hnizm-knbpsS
Xe Rm³ Adp-¡s«'' \_n(-k) ]d-ªp. Ah³ _Zvdn ]s¦-Sp-¯h-\m-Wv. ""\n§-fpsS Imcy-sa-´m-Wv. \n§Ä CjvS-ap-ÅXv sN¿p-I.
\n§Ä¡v Rm³ s]mdp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶v AÃmlp _Zvdn ]s¦-Sp¯-h-cpsS ta shfn-hm-bn ]d-ªn-cn-¡mw.'' CXv tI« DaÀ(-d) I®p\oÀ ]pÂIn-sIm−v ]d-ªp. ""AÃm-lphpw dkq-ep-am-Wv FÃmw Adnbp-¶-h³.''(7)
_Zvdn ]s¦-Sp¯ ae-¡p-IÄ¡p-ap−v aäp ae-¡p-I-tf-¡mÄ ]hn{XX. Pn_vcoÂ(-A) \_n(-k)-bpsS ASp-¡Â h¶v tNmZn-¨p. ""_ZvdnÂ
]s¦-Sp-¯-h-c psS Øm\w \n§-fn F{X-bm-Wv.'' ""apkvenw-I-fnÂ
4. kmd F¶pw AÃ. D½p kmd F¶pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-−v. (^-Xvlp _pJm-cn 9/566)
5. asämcp dnt¸mÀ«n anJvZm-Zn\v ]Icw A_p aÀk-Zn-bmWv DÅ-Xv. \memfpw t]mbncn-¡mw.
6. a¡¡pw aZo-\¡pw CS-bn aZo-\-tbmSv ASp¯ Øe-amWv dul¯v lmC (idlv apkvenw 8þ295)
7. _pJmcn (64-þ9-þ39-þ83, 4274) apkvenw (44-þ36-þ2494)
8. _pJmcn (64-þ11-þ3992)
70

Gähpw t{ijvS-cm-b-hÀ'' \_n(-k) adp-]Sn \ÂIn. At¸mÄ Pn_vcoÂ(A) ]d-ªp. _Zvdn kw_-Ôn¨ ae-¡p-IÄ¡pw A§-s\-¯-s¶.(8)

kam]vXw
_ZvÀ bp²w temI-t¯mSv hnfn¨v ]d-bp¶sX´mWv? kXy-¯nt·Â AkXy¯n\v taÂt¡m-bv a-bn-Ã . \ncm- bp-[À¡v kmbp-[sc
Iogvs¸-Sp-¯mw. Cuam-\nsâ Icp-¯n Ahn-izm-k-¯n\p hnP-b-an-Ã.
Al-¦m-cn-I-fpsS ]cn-k-am]vXn \mi-¯n-emWv AÃm-lp-hn FÃmw
AÀ¸n-¡p-I. Ah-\n \n¶mWv klmbw. Ahsâ klm-b-s¯ AXnP-bn-¡p¶ asämcp klm-b-hp-an-Ã. Bbp-[-¡-cp-¯Ã, am\-kn-I-¡-cp¯mWv hnP-b-¯n\v \nZm-\w.
AXpey t]mcm-«-amWv _Zvdn \S-¶-Xv. _Zv-dn\v IqsS sh¡m³
Hcp bp²-hp-an-Ã. AhÀW\o-bhpw Ahm-Ny-hp-amb t]mcm-«a
- mWv AXv.B[p-\nI bp²-§Ä a\pjysc Adp-sIme sN¿p-t¼mÄ, \nc-]-cm-[nIsf sIms¶m-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ, kv{XoI-tfbpw Ip«n-I-tfbpw \njvTqcw h[n¡p-¶-XmWv \mw ImWp-¶-Xv, tIÄ¡p-¶-Xv, Adn-bp-¶-Xv. bp²m-\´cw A`-bmÀ°n {]hm-lhpw ih-Iq-¼m-c-§fpw tNmc-¨m-ep-Ifpw ]«nWn-t¸-t¡m-e -§ fpw {]iv\§fm-Ip-¶p, ]cn-l-cn-¡m³ Bfn-à msX.
F¶m _Z-vdn C§s\ Hcp ]cmXn hÃ-hÀ¡p-ap-−mtbm?
_ZvÀ Ckvem-ansâ bi-Êp-bÀ¯n. i{Xp-¡Ä ]¯n-a-S¡n. AhcpsS hmfp-IÄ¡pw Akv{X-§Ä¡pw aqÀ¨-bn-Ãm-sX-bm-bn. _ZvÀ kw`h-¯n\v tijw apivcn-¡p-IÄ BsI \nµy-cm-bn. AhÀ _e-lo-\-cmsW¶v temI-a-dn-ªp. aZo-\-bnse ap-\m-^n-Jp-Ifpw PqXcpw CtXmsS
Xe-Xmgv¯n. ]nd¶ \m«n \n¶v B«n-tbmSn¡m³ t\XrXzw \ÂInb-hÀ¡v, c−v hÀj-¯n-\Iw t]mÀ¡-f-¯nÂsh¨v adp-]Sn \ÂIm³
km[n¨p F¶-XmWv _ZvÀ Adn-bn-¡p-¶-Xv. inÀ¡p Xmgv¶p, XuloZv
DbÀ¶p. Ccp- «p- W- ª p. {]Imiw sXfn- ª p. kXyw sXfn- ª p,
AkXyw s]mfn-ªp. \oXn hnP-bn-¨p. A\oXn ]cm-P-b-s¸-«p. \nc1. A A³^m 41
71

h[n Aam-\p-jnI kn²n-I-fp-−mbn _ZvdnÂ. AÃmlp _Zv-dns\ hntijn-¸n-¡p-¶p: ""c−v kwL-§Ä Gäp-ap-«nb Znhkw, AYhm kXyhpw
AkXyhpw thÀXn-cn¨ Zn\w.''(1)
A_q-P-lv-ensâ Al¦m-c-amWv _Zvdn XIÀ¶Xv. bp²w th−,
A_q-kp-^vbm³ c£-s¸-«p, C\n \mw a¡-bn-te¡v aS-§p-I Jpssdin
`mK¯v \n¶pw ]ecpw D]-tZ-in-s¨-¦nepw bp²-\m-b-I³ A_q-P-lvÂ
AXpÄs¡mÅm³ X¿m-dm-bn-Ã. AXnsâ ^ew A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw
sNbvXp.
Jpssd-in-IÄ¡n-S-bn bp² Imcy-¯n `n¶ kzc-§ -fm-Wp-−mbn-cp-¶-Xv. ]eÀ¡pw ]e B{K-l-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m kz-lm-_¯v
Hcp t\Xm-hn\v Iogn GI A`n-{]m-b-¯n Hä e£y-¯n-emWv
t]mÀ¡-f-¯n-en-d-§n-b-Xv.
_ZvÀ ho£n-¡p-t¼mÄ F´mWv a\-Ên-em-Ip-¶Xv? bp²-¯n ]¦mfn-I-fmbhcpw Imc-W-¡m-cp-amb ]ecpw Ckvem-an-te¡v ]n¶oSv h¶p.
]eÀ¡pw apivcn-¡p-I-fpsS IqsS bp²w sNbvX-Xn tJZw h¶p. _Zvdn\v Imc-W-¡m-c\pw Ckvem-an-s\-Xnsc \nc-h[n XhW ]S-\-bn¨hcpamb A_q-kp-^vbm³, bp²-¯n _Ôn-bm-¡-s¸-«n-c p-¶ A_pÂ
Bkzn XpS-§nb ]ecpw ]n¶oSv Ckvem-an-te¡v IS-¶p-.
_ZvÀ Hcp \o− Ncn-{X-amWv. Hmtcm-\n-an-jhpw tcJs¸-Sp-¯-s¸-«Xm-Wv. Hcp a®nsâ Ncn-{X-aà AXv. Hcp {]Øm-\-¯nsâ DbÀs¯gp-t¶Â¸nsâ Ncn-{X-am-W-Xv. Fgp-Xn-bmepw ]d-ªmepw ]mSn-bmepw
häm¯ \ocp-d-h-bmWv _ZvÀ. _ZvÀ bp²-¯nsâ Zqc-¡mgvN am{X-amWn-Xv. Fgp-Xn-b-Xn-t\-¡mÄ ]Xn-·-S§v Fgp-Xp-hm-\p-−v. Ah-sbÃmw
tNÀ¯p hmbn-¡p-t¼mtg Nn{Xw ]qÀ®-am-hp-I-bp-Åq. km[y-am-b{X
kwt£-]n-¨n-«p-−v. alm-ßm-¡-fpsS ]pWyw Imw£n¨v {]mÀ°\m
{]Xo-£-tbmsS hnS-hm-§-s«.

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