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R FbG:`rJ7F0KnD7O%A7`rOb?-FbG:TUM GHm0? A7F0? G:ACIv? J7fxG:I DvRS=:J7T%O 9\giJCM G:JC=ZT @ JCFDCO3MSG:m0? FGH^ BC?-GHA7I]MSO YA7Fb`XJ€?-G:ACI

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?-FbJ7I m{PQO FmbOomR JCT OoT @ JCFDCO3„SO =:M mqJCFOoJ7^SmO I-?3YFAC` ?-@ OoO m{?-GH`XJ€?-OU@ O%FO 9ˆ;>meG:=H=”^_OmbO O I c

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—74
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Transverse Emittance at Gun Exit CONSTANT ASPECT RATIO


GLOBAL MINIMUM
RF DOMINATED
30
FIRST WORKING POINT

25
Laser Flat Top Pulse Length [ps]

20

15

10 SECOND WORKING POINT

5
SPACE CHARGE DOMINATED
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Beam Radius [mm]

huGHD7B FbO'˜79:ÐCåi‡FJCI m0PQO%FmO'O `rGL?b?-JCI T O>fxG:T[fqJ[?zD7B IEObVGL?-c_YFbA7` Š G:` ?-@ O ACF0K

íïîekïî=< ùC?úuÿöB:ó/†‡\ˆm/B$‰ŠBPúø ¾… ò^ýŒ‹yBPóÃÿù ö¯õuò^ó>nm/BPòo?Sü


…

¨ZJ7FbO YB =“T ACI mGHM O FJ€?-GHA7IsA7Y? @ OqYA7Fb` A7Y!?-@ O)?-FbJ7I m{PQO FmbOqmR JCT OXT[@ JCFD7Or„ O =HM mcJ7mzmb@ A…eIGHI

„ DCB FOr˜79H6^_O =:A…e YA7F'^_A[?-@ü=:A7ISD7GL? B M GHI J7=H=LKՙ'JCB mmbG:J7IüJ7I M]BSI G:YACF` ^ B IST @ O%mc“m@ A…em?-@ J€?

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!
—
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Longitudinal Emittance at Gun Exit


RF DOMINATED
30
FIRST WORKING POINT

25
Laser Flat Top Pulse Length [ps]

20

15

10 SECOND WORKING POINT

5
SPACE CHARGE DOMINATED GLOBAL MINIMUM
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Beam Radius [mm]
huGHD7B FbO˜C9:˜CåZþdA7I DCGL?-BSM G:I JC=O%`XG5??-JCI T O>fxG:T[frJ[?D7BSIObVGL? cYFAC` Š G:` ?-@ O%A7F0K

^ B IST @ŒeG:=H=^_O)PQO F0K]M G:p_O FbO I‚? cuFO%mB =5?-G:ISDUG:IsJ¡?,eGHm0? G:I DoA7Y!?-@ O3w ×Ùb× ; |'R @ JCmOrmR JCT OrJ7=:ACI D

?-@SO^SB I T[@ 9

;>m'JoFO mbB =L?XA7Y!?-@ O)PWJ7F{K‹GHI DoFJ7MSG:J7=“mbR J7T OrT[@ J7FbD7Or„ O =:MScd? @ Oq^_Ob?-J€?-FbA7I]R @SJ7mOJ7MCPWJ7IST O

 ” w -|zá ² Ž ” S  ”
Ö>w -| í ŒG:myI A[?y?-@ OrmJC`XOUYACFzJC=:=“R J7F{?-GHT =:O mbc“^QO%G:I DE=:J7FbD7O FyYA7FyR J7F{?-G:T%=:O m>T%=:A7mbO

—7§
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E (z) for Longitudinally Gaussian Bunch E (z) for Longitudinally Uniform Bunch
r r
350 350

Length = 2
300 300
R field = 0.1

250 250

200 200
E [AU]

E [AU]
r

r
150 150
Sigma = 0.25

R field = 0.1

100 100

50 50

0 0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
Z [AU] Z [AU]

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?-FbG:^ B?-G:ACI m9 Í BSI T @oT[@ J7FbD7O'G:m? @ O'mJC`XO'YA7FZ^_A€?-@vT JCmO mb9

?-A?-@ OqT O%I‚? O FiACY‹?-@ Oq^ BSI T @Sc’e@ O FbOqmR JCT OqT @SJ7FDCOqYA7FbT O m>JCFOqm0? FACI D7O m{?-c“J7ISMmb`XJC=:=:O%FiYACF

R JCF0?-GHT =:O%miT =HA7mbO<?-A¡? @ OzO ISM m9q‡Z@ OqmbR FO%J7MsA7Y“R @ JCmOqJ7MPSJCI T O m'DCGLPQO m<FGHmO<? AUJUT ACFFbO =:J€?-G:ACI

G:Iw  ;
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G:IST FO JCmO 9 >ISM O F‘?-@ OŠI O J7Fb=LKœ=HJ7`rG:I JCF¥SA#eˆT A7I MSGL?-GHA7I mR FO mbO I-?¤G:Iz`rA7m{?¢g<hRS@ A[? A7G:IŽ,O Tb?-ACFmbc

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M AC`XGHI J[? O Mz=HJ7`rG:I JCFd¥ A…eÁ? AiO%`XG5??-JCI T OuMSA7`rG:I J€?-O MyI A7ICk=:JC`XGHI J7F¥ A…ecWJCI M?-@ O“T ACFFbO =:J€?-G:ACI

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R−R′ Phase Space


2

1
R′

−1 R
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4
R−Z Trace Space
1.5

1
R

0.5

0
0 0.5 1 Z 1.5 2 2.5
Transverse Emittance Evolution
0.8

0.6

0.4
εr

0.2

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
Z

E
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Emittance Compensation with Charge Variation Emittance Compensation with Solenoid Strength Variation
35 25

30

20

25

15
20
Emittance

Emittance
15
10

10

Traces vertically offset by 1*N for clarity


Traces vertically offset by 1*N for clarity
0 0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
Z Z
Emittance Compensation with Initial Spot Radius Variation Emittance Compensation with Acceleration Gradient Variation
25 25

20 20

15 15
Emittance

Emittance

10 10

5 5

Traces vertically offset by 1*N for clarity Traces vertically offset by 1*N for clarity
0 0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5


Z Z

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Particle Phase Space angle Deviation from Correlationless Case


10

4
Emittance
Θ − Θ unch [Degrees]

0
b

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p

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Spot Radius
−6

−8

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Z

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One Sigma Orbits Bunch Length


0.2 2.2

0.1
2
X [m], dx [cm]

1.8
−0.1
Bunch Length [mm]

−0.2 1.6
−0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
Z [m]

Bunch Rotation Angle


10 1.4

0
Theta [Degrees]

−10 1.2

−20

−30 1

−40

−50 0.8
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
Z [cm] Z [m]

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Maximum and Nominal (35 MV/m) Solenoid Fields


1600

327 Amp

1400

254 Amp
1200

1000
[Gauss]

312 Amp
800

242 Amp
600

400

200

C C C . . .

0 C C C . . .

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0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Z [cm]

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