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Garment Inspection

Garment Inspection

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Published by syed asim najam

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Published by: syed asim najam on May 30, 2010
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Garment Inspection and Quality Control


During production the following inspections are taken:

Line inspection: • All seams for cracking, missed stitches, tension of machines right, needle damage • Placket for breaking out at bottom corner. • Seams need to be stretched with force to control needle holes. • Shoulder tape is not twisted and extra fabric stitched in the shoulder part. • Twin needle hemming to ensure no raw edges are visible • Sew in labels are positioned at the centre of the shirt

Collars are market to the correct measurement.

Table Inspection: • Check if a collar is attached evenly • Turn the garment and remove the lot stickers • Check the seams at needle damage to stretch the seams.

Pressing: • Press garments flat, never folded with the sleeves under it as this leaves sleeve impression marks at the garment. • Do not iron (press) a placket, only steam this !

• Do not place iron direct onto the collar, only use lightly steam. • Garment must no be over-pressed and glazing-shining effects must not be evident. Pressing equipments: 1. Steam/spray iron 2. Hand steamer 3. Tailor’s ham 4. Pressing mitt 5. Press cloth 6. Seam roll e.t.c

Packing -final examination: • Packing instruction must be follow • Garment should be packed in a approval bags, with the front of the garment face up.

• All labels, barcode's, special stickers should be checked regarding this order, style color and size. • Cartons must be cleared. • Remarks at each carton must be numbered by the lot number and placed at the packing list of this order by article number, color, size and quantity. Sewing Operation Standards: Seams: • All Seams must be neatly and securely fastened off, with no loose or long ends. • The seams must not have any needle damage. • The following requirements are general standards: Stitches per cm. 1. Standard knitted garments 10-12 stitches per 2.5 cm 2. Standard woven garments 12-14 stitches per 2.5 cm Needles: • Machine needles are selected according to the weight and other garment characteristics, as well as the thread type being used. • A sharp pointed needle is used for most sewing.

• A ball-pint is used for knits because its rounded point tends to slide down between the yarns rather than pierce them.

Threads: • As a general guideline, natural fiber threads must be used for natural fiber fabrics and synthetic fiber threads for synthetic fabrics. • Thread should match the weight of the fabric and the size of the needle. • For perfect tension, the thread must be of the same size and type in the bobbin and in the needle

Button and button hole: • Buttons must be attached using lockstitch button sewing machines. A minimum 14 stitches is required. • Button attachment must be checked. • Button hole size for woven fabrics 2 mm larger than the diameter of the button. Button hole's in knitted fabrics same size as button diameter. • The hole's must be checked at clean cut and no loose ends, others knife blades must be sharp or replaced. • New type or dyed buttons must be checked at colorfastness during washing.

Zippers: • All used zippers must be purchased from approved suppliers or require a official test report. • Number, length, brand, type of zipper must be approved during sampling • Pullers of zippers must be approved by customer and in line with the product, pullers must be checked for color fastness and breaking during use. • Zip slider must move without obstruction.

• Zipper may not have loose ends. the slider must not be removed or move easily.

Labels:  All labels and design must be checked at colors and drawing. • Care instruction at labels must be checked according project and fabric. • Stitched seam space must be enough to view complete logo or slogan after placement in the garment. Tagging and labeling equipments 1. Tagging Gun: 2. Labeling Gun: 3. Labeling Press:

Tolerance of measuring inspection:

Garment / Fabric defects:

Defects are categorized as major or minor depending on the severity.

• To determine whether a defect is major or minor, the following factors will be considered: • Whether the defect will render the item unsaleable. • The location of the defect on the item. DEFECT ZONES: The following diagrams showing major and minor apparel defect zones A,B and C

• A defect in “A” zone is considered more serious than a defect in “B” zone

A defect in “B” zone is considered more serious than a defect in “C” zone and will be categorized accordingly

Defect Definition and Classification: MAJOR FAULT: • This is a defect which is sufficient to cause the garment to be considered as second’s quality • A defect which is obvious • Affects the saleability or serviceability which worsens with wear and time • Varies significantly from the approval garment specification MINOR FAULT This is a defect which would not normally be identified by the customer, but is, however less than the agreed quality standard. A defect which:

• Does not affect the performance of the garments in normal conditions • Is not noticeable to the customer on purchasing Defect List

Seams and Stitching • Open seam • Needle holes • Needle damage • Improper stitch tension that affects appearance. Pressing: • Burned or scorched • Over pressed to leave seam impression. • Excessive wrinkles that require pressing • Serious shine caused by improper pressing Pockets • Not in specified location • Shaped poorly • Not of specified size and shape • Edge stitching not uniform Collars and Cuffs • Collar points not uniform and balanced BUTTONS AND BUTTON HOLES • Buttons missing or damaged • Buttons not sewn securely • Buttons not in specified, type or color • Button holes uncut

Major M M M M M M

Minor m






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