ArlO. TOnO.

61AAPOMH ITOVI TonOVI THI MNHMHI.

THI nlITHI. THI IITOPIAI

Mia GU~q'tIlGIl I.lS 'tOY Ka81lVIl'tq r.n. AaBBa

Movoe; MIKCAOKI")C; APXOlOlI.oyoc;-Yrr.I5(MKTWp EMn

K6.8£ evepverc TOU UnOKE:lIlCVQU (nx nomrucrj, KPLTLKf], eruorrjuovucn) cLVOl rtcvro- 1"8 i\6yoc; OTJI-'QVT1KOC; TIle; eTEpoT11T6.C; TOU KOl aUVTEA.ELTOl Ileac ana ilia ~e~Ql6TTlTO evepvrrnsqc; Sroqioponomcnq npoc; TO OAAo. 'ETaL OIQIlOPtpWVE:TOl "ilia npwTOPXlKtl eunerotc i\OYlKrl<: cvopopcc Kat EnoIlEVWC; oxtail"· To yeyovoc; OllwC; rnc OXtOT]C; zev £~aVTAdTQL ornv lKQVOU]TQ KQTQVD'lmlC: TOU aM6., 6nwc; QVQcpepEl 0 XPrlOTOC; rtawap6.c;1, 0 TPOnOe; OX£OT]C; ElVOl 0 rconoc Tile; ~wf]C;. LTD ni\aLmo auTO, TO epvo EVOC; erucrrurovc £Jlm:pIEX81 npwToPXLKO, neoc one TIC; enoree YVWmCKEe; Kat E:nLOTTllloAoYIKec; cuvccrnce«; ilia OVTOAOYLKrl 8ewp'l0T]. 0 A_6yoC; TOU avaoEIKVUEt neve an' DAn "TIlV orteptoroxrn an6 TO XPOVQ KQL Til <p8opa urtopcnKtl TaU rtxnporrrrc-.

H GU~tlTllOT] 1lE: TOV Ko811YllTtl r. Fl. Aa~~a vtc TOUe; Ay[oue; Torrouc, ueoc ana urc OlOOPOlltl moue; rortouc TIle; IlVrllllle;, Tlle; rncmc Kat Tlle; «rroptoc EXE:l Ol"ITO OTOXO: cesvoc va E:VTPU<.prlGE:1 ce «ofprc ~llTrlllaTa TIle; ~l~AlKrle; apXatOAoYLae; Kat rnc ernorruroxovluq TIle; Kat Q<.pE:TEpOU va avaoE:1~E:l ilIa OVTOAOYlKtl npOTQOT] Tlle; ApXOlOAoyiQe; we; erncrripnc nou E:mXE:lpel TIl oLunOK£lllE:VlKrl QUTE:n[yvWOT] TIle; OXEOT]e; TOU cvecemou 11£ TTl Ilvrlllll, 'rnv toropic, rnv npaYIlQTlKOTllTQ KQl TIe; ern- 8UlllE:e; TOU. nopOMllAQ avayvwpi~OVTat O! IlVllIlOTE:XVlKee; OlaOlKQaiE:e; KQl O! IlQ- 8I1atQKEe; olE:pyaaiE:e; TOU rucrou Kat TOU erncmuovo OTT]V ncocncsero ava~tlTllOT]e; E:VOe; -voruerroc- vm TOUe; 8E:O~6.0IOToue; aUTOVe; rortouc.

H MV~I1Il, urttepo TWV Moucev, un~p~8 ornv apXat08MIlVlKrl OKiI.jJll avol1VllOll (m..OTwvac;) aMo Kat ouvd51l0ll TOU naoexaovroc (AplOToTiAIle;). 0 W. Ong2 ooveeece aUTT) 1T] OUVQT01T]Ta 5l0KPlOllC; «opexsovrccnccovroc Kat Tle;-xp~08le; 1T]e; !lVrlWle;, ue 1T] usropocn ana ivav rtpocopixo 0' evcv eyypoJ..ll.laTO noxmouo, crto pro "~wvravrl IlVrlllll" cc uc KPlTlK~ oUV8lol"]TonolllOT] Kat uvcxorcoxeuq TOU nopexsovroc. rTOV 8~pa"(KO eyypalJlJOTO noxenouo, orto TT]v OMll, '1 IlVrlll'1 zev cpa(v8Tal va TaUT(~8Tat 118 1T] YVWOT] TOU uccexaovroc aMa ue pre 8PllOK8mlKrl emTQY~, Il errore OAOKAIlPWvertn ueuo crro TIe; TeAeTOUPYleC; Kat TIe; acpIlY~- 08lC;. To nooexeov, 118 TOV roono f..I8 TOV ortoio cvcncocrcrc. rl ovcxcrcoaeuofettn, cpolveTOl vc ncocuccze. fJ£YaAu-r8PIl OUVOX~ an' O,Tl orcv ouvi~ll. 01 AYlOl Tenor oUYKP01T]8IlKOV we; IlV1"]!10VlKO( ronor uecc orro pro olaolKaolo ~wvravi]e; 1lvi]1l1"]e; KOl TeAerouPYlKrlC; nlOTT]e;. Av WOTOOO rl Ilvrlll11 anoKa81OTo 0~lOlO1T]T8C;, TO YVWOlaKO ipyo TOU IOTOPIKOU Kat TaU oPXatoMyou ewm uoxxov Sreoeuvrmso Kat oweeneo.

r.n. f\6~~ae;: Kor' apxrlv 11 ovurtuooorocn TaU ncoexaovroc 08v dvat encvccooc TT]e; npoYIlOTIKOTT]Tac; evoc yeyovOTOe; aMo 1T]C; 8l«ovoc TOU, once ~wypacp(~erQl ue nc nxr-cccoptee; rtnu elver ola8iol1l8e; oro ~wypacpo aun']c; 1T]C; exovcc. Mvi]Il11 80W ervci, enopevec, 01 010- 8iolf.lec; ni\IlPocpoplec; ~, Op90T8pa, ooec xprunuortotouvrcr crto TO ouv8£TT] 1T]e; eIKOVOe; we; ni\llPocpoplee;. 'Exoulle erm, OTT]v KaAUTepll rtepnmoon, ilia KQTO npooiYYlOT] cvcsnrcoscon rtou Ssv uncpel va 81VQl nArlP'1e; napa 1l0VO oe lley6Ao rl IllKPO ~a81l0 npooevncnci TOU nArlpouc roropucou yeYOVOTOC;. AUTO loxuel TOOO YlO 1T]v Oll80T] (OTOV 0 svsuucouevoc ElVOl aUTOrrmc llopTupac;) 000 Kat yla TT)v eppecn I-lvrlllll (OTOV OTT]p(~ETOl ce ni\l"]pocpoplee; OMwv). H mOTT] ei\.auverQl ouv~8we; uno TIC; ola8£otl-lec; nAIlooeoolec 1T]C; Ilvrllllle;, aMo oUllnArjpwvETOl crto 1T]v em8ullLa ~ TO nceoc TOU ccvcrosnucrcc, ware va Stunoupvel TO IlIYlla IllOC; euoureonc el«ovcc vrc TO ovortuprortouevo rl QVaKOTaOKeua~ol-levo lOTOPlKO yeyovoe;. MvrllJll Kat nlOTT] auve£TOUV KOT' ourov TOV tporto TO lOTOPlKO 8PIl-

78

APXAIOflonA & TEXNEl: 84

oxeunco OUjl~CV nou 5\o<poponOl£[TOI ana TO yeYOVOTO 111~ ov8pwmVTl~ IOTOP10~, £UPUVOjl£VO IJ£ 111 OUIJIJ&TOXTl evoc; unepov8pwmvou OWlXe10u, TO ortolo Kat TO urtovenovet, Ton08£TwVTa~ TO IJ&TO~U OupOVOU Kat yl']~. HAOe;, l']lOTOPlK~ ouvei5T]0Il -epooov nopOlJtv£l OTO n}-.,oiow TWV ovsoemvov rtpcvpdrtcv- 1J00pO[0 cuvouo~eTat ue T11 A£lTOUPYlK0111TQ 111~ IJV~IJ11e; cq avonOpOOTOTlKn~ 5l05lKOO(0e; uc onocnocucnso XOPOl<TTlpO OAOKA'lPWIJ<lrWV TOU ncpexsovroc. E5w unapX£l n oroqooo, on 5l']A05ri TO cnoondOIJOTO aUTO onOKTOUV £own:plKri 50llri Kat opyOVWCJT] OTTIv rtveuprmsrt cccroc «cae ov9pwrtou. XWPI~ Kat' aVOYK'l va npenel vo e1vOI 'l oxtCJT] TWV TPlWV OUTWV 5E50IJevwv OvrOYWVlOTlKri, ovr'sem ri oUllnMjpWIJOTlKri a priori, tfrtoT£ 5EV OnOKAElEl TO cvrreeto.

M. MlKeAOKl']C;: Ooroco O,Tl t+'TlQXVel 11 5lKn IJOC; ouv£i5l']0Il 5EV unocet va 8ewP'l8d w~ nvnKElIJEVlK~ ovro111TO. ~

r.n. 1\6~~oC;: AvrlKEljlEVlKri Ovr6TrjTO Sev eXEl OKOIJO evrcrnceet 0' eoernucrc onou cuIJrtA£KOvrat AOYlKri Kat cuvctcanpc. Eno).ltvw~ 0 l5avlKo~ epeuvrrrnc Tl1~ ~\~A.tK~~ OpXOloAoyia~ 80 rjrnv xpnO"ljlO va Oq>riVEl TO rtpcvacrc -eupriperc KOI 1J0pTupiE~- va q>WT[~OUV TO yeyovoe; W~ OU5tTEPO~ TPiTo~, crtoceuvovroc OPlOTlKee; EpW1VElec; YlO euaerorepo xpovo, O1"1'1v rtepfrrrtoCJT] nou IJlO 1l0vOoi]1l0VTl'] 9tCJT] 5'llJlOupye( OOUjlq>wvio uoprupioc Kat £UP~IJQTOC;. AccoAW~, n Evoox.6AllCJT] ue 111 ~l~}-.,lKIl 0PXOlOAOyio,

onou TO euprurcrc evrdocovnn OTO nA'lpo<poplaKo malmo Tl1~ AYlo~ rpo<pri~ KOI 111~ lepri~ nopo500ll~, evexel TOV K1v5uvo a ep£uVTlTi]~ opXOloMyoe; va necer OTI]V noyi50 111~ nlOTTJ~ n 111e; cruorfoc. EiTe rtpooxuvrtrqc apXOloMyoC; efvc. etre 08eoe; IlEA.e"rl']Ti]c; OXELlKWV EUP'lIJOTWV, OO<paAWC; 5lOTptXEl Klv5uvo va unrpemcer nc OVOp80AOYLKt~ portec TOOO Tl1e; rucmc 000 KOl111C; o9do~.

M. MlKEMK'l~: H ~l~AlKri OPXatoAoyio, we; 5la5lKaoi~ KplTlKn~ Or_toKOTomoOll) 111) IJvrljl11e; KOl Tl1~ mOTTj~ oc yvWCJT] Kat toropm, EXtL cno- 5WOEl eva rtxoumo corpus EPIlTlVElWV YlO TOUe; Ayiou~ Tortouc.

r.n. A6~~a~: 0 Ncoc 111e; Avccrccecx eivOl eva IJOV05lK6 TonOYPo<plK6 cnpelo, cnou O<pEvee OVOIJElYVUETOl 'l ovepemvn neoupverc KOI ovo~ri111CJT] roononc evcc «lOTOPLKOU» y£yovoTOC; - oe; TTlV OVOIJOOOUIJE OPXOLOAOYIKri ep£UVO, orucc LOXUEl YLO nOjlftOMo c:l.Mo LOTOPlKO yEyOVOTO. Atp£TEPOU OIJWe;, a [5l0~ OUTOe; xwPo~ yiveto TO CJT]IJE10 ovopcocc YIO 111 51lllLOuPytO 111e; xplOTlavlKrie; nIOTTl~, I1l0~ 6JJ..Tl~ cveceruVTl~ OVOYKTl~ Kat M:lToupy[Oe;, I"] anoia XPtlC~£Tot TO crrr1PlYIJO TOU lOTOPlKOU y£yOVOTD<; -111 LTOUPWOll «n 111V Avcorcon- a' eva XWPIKO CJT]uelo TOU movriTl1, 1l0~1 ue TO vvecroucrc 111~ ovrIOTOlXTle; npo~Tle;. L111v OPXOlOAOYlK~ vonorexec. TO yeyovo~ KOI 0 renee EmTeM:mi~ TOU rtperter va rcunoaocv YlO v' onOKT~OOUV TO ern- 9ETO TOU «LOTOPlKOU» YEYOVOTO~. LTT]V n(OTT] OIJW~, ortou KlVOUOO 5UvOIlTl eva TO cuvcloanIJO KOI 0Xl 0 Op80AOYlOjJO~, a pOAO~ TaU rortou E1VOl cnpcvnscc cq OTJlleio ovocoocc KOI AlYOTEpO ex; on05E5ElWevo OU8EVTIK6~ rortovpcqxKO~ XWpo~. H all<plo~ri1llOll, vrc nopC5eIYIlO, TOU XwpOU crtou ~PIOKETOI 0 Nccc 1Tl~ AvcomOEW~, one 1J10 IlEp(50 «Op80AOYlOTWV» 5UTlKWV IlEA.e"rl']TWV 1Tl~ TonoYPo<pIOC; 1Tl~ l£poUOo),rlll, 5EV Ildwoe OUtE 5lo<popOnOtllOE 111v n(OTT) TWV XPIOTtOVWV -op8oM~wv, K080AlKWV, npOTEOTOvrtuv Kat OJJ...WV- eror, WOTE va nocoouv va rtpoceuxovrm Kat va npOOKUVOUV TOV T6<p0 TaU XPlOTOU KOI TOV tpPLKTO entoezc ~paXO (KOI 0Xl «A6- tpO») TOU roxvoac. !::.EV VOlJi~w En(CJT]~ on TWPO nou TO 0PXOLOAOytKC T£KlJnplO YlO TTlV OU8EvrlK0111TO TWV XwpWV OUTWV KEpO(~OUV OE rtaonK6TrjTO 80 OU~'l8E[ 'l ntOTTJ. E5w rtpenet va 05loxwpfoOUIlE Aomov mv 0PXOlO}-.,0YIKri OVO~~111CJT] (rtcu elvm K090p6 «yr']lVTl», Op80AOYlKri Tl EmOTT))..lOVIKri li5I0111TO, ue moxa va TOUTlo8ei rotcplKO TO yeyovoe; IJE TO Xwpo) cno rrv ov9pwmVTl ov6YKIl vro nlOTTJ, nou YEWa T] IJETQtpUotKri oywvia KOI Sev K080pi~ETOl uovoonuovro ana XWPIKe~ e~opnioEI~.

Av xomov a Nooc me Avcordceec nrcv vrc IlEPlKOU~, once YIO nopci.i5ElYllO TOV M. Halbweens, «KOTooKeUOOI1£vO~ IlVTlI10V1KO~ ronoc», rcpu prtopouv OOOL n(areuov, «dn T{;rOlO va OlpatpEOOUV TO «KOTOOKEU0CJl..lEVO<;" Kat va TOV i5EX80uv w~ "I-lVTlIlOVlKO rono-, xwpi<; TTlV 01l<P1- o~ri1llOTl YEYOVOtO~ KOl XwpOU, I15WI-iVO ncvrore one 111V orrnxq vevic TaU lOTOPlKOU YEYOVOtO<; Kat OXt TaU 8PTlOKEUTlKOU OUIl~6VTO<;. H oll<plojlr'rnlOll nou ~EKIV6 on6111 "~wvrovri I1VrllJTl TWV vporrrev rtopooooetov- OTTJpi~£TOl, ue TTl OElPO TIJC;, OXl 011'] 9PlloKEUTlKri nlOTT] o>..M OE npOKTLKE<; oi5UVOI1(E~ ov8pwmvou xopoKTi)pa. Ot 15lC-

1. To l~pO npoo~UV~~OTOU ~"pU(1"OUroAVoe6.~uaTIC; £nE~pam:IC;TOU 1987.

APXAlOAonA & TEXNEI 84

79

2. 'Ano",~ Tll~ ~tyaA~~ ~'o~nepoo~ PWVIl~~ TOU lepoO Bpaxou

rou «'PP'IITOU roAyo66"

qopsc vocrrrec nrlYee;, npm:pxal-lew.:c; ana OlOcpopenKee; xpOVIKee; OTtYI-lBe; Kat ana ypmp(oee; ovsoenov ue eMtn~ ~ OlocpopenK~ nxr-cocoonOT), eowcrov Aa~~ Of: epjJTJvelee; OIJCPlcr~~1T)OT)e; (KaAOnpOOlpeTee; ~ I-lTJ) ana uercveveorepouc uexe-nrec. 'OAO aUTO. onaaxOAOUV oUvrl8we; TIlV epeuvc, nou EXel we; epyaAdo TOV coao Myo, Sev eyyi~ouv ajJwe; TO OMo jJeYMo em e~loou crtopotttrro Kat OUVOlJlKO TjJ~jJO TIle; ovBpWTIlVlle; unop~l1e;, rnv ni01T), nou prtopet va ouvxevrptovel ~ va OtOXWpl~el yeYOVOTO KOI ronouc. xwp(e; va £VOXAelTOl crro AoytKee; avoKoAou8Iee;, OVTlcpooele; ~ ovnvouiec.

M. MIKeMKlle;: noooqcrec mperlKee; epjJllVelec KOI Ol-lcplcr~rrriloele; 1T)e; 8EOIle; TaU rcqou TOU tqcou (M. Biddle) pcq unev6ulJi~ouv to «moteue KOI 1J1l eceevo. TIle; EKKAT]oiae;, we; P'lul eVToAr'j vm 1T) Olcrn'iP.'lOT) TIle; jJvrljJ'le; TaU nooexaovroc.

r.n. J\o~~ae;: To «rtloteue KOl jJTJ epeuvo» un~p~e pre OVOYKat0TllTO TWV rtporrtov xpumoVlKWV OlWVWV, OTOV 0\ crpecerc KOI 01 ovrmocoBeoete; tau eM'lVlKOlJ Kat TaU lOUOO"iKOU «oopo- 8eWP'lTlKOU nveopcroc elXOV cp800el oe ovunEp~All1T) OKp01T)TO. H £o"WTeplK~ OIJWe; OVOYKOlO1T)TO 1T)e; oKBlj.!'le; YlO eoermcrc KOl eoeova orunoupvnce tnv lOla enoxr'l Kat TO ovnsero motto: -epeuvore m) ypocpOe;~. Oe; ncoc TOV roxvoao. Sev eVOXAel mv niOTT] 11 oMoy~ TOU ronovpccrcou TOU axr1jJOTOe; (crto M<po ce nopetd evoc AOTOjJeLOU), OUTe eruonc Il€.TOj36MeTOl TO ax~flO KOl T] BeOT) TOU r'joll AO~£ujJevou «KOlVOU uvrjuelou- (TO<pOU), nou aV~Ke orov NtKOOlljJO KOl Mx811Ke TO vecpo TOU Xprotou r'j 111- occ. 0 Xproroc r'j a Illooue; ocooc oro BPIlOK€UTlKO ertmeoo TIle; nfcrnc KOl OXt OTT]v OPXatOAOYlKr'j TaUTlOT] rou roqnxou OT)!J.elOU, crto TO onolo SeKIVlloe 8elKo oUjJj3ov (TO 80ujJO Tile; AvooroOT)e;). To Mo ertlrteoc crUVMOVTat XWPlKO czxc zev OUYXEOVTOl we; yeyovoTa. Eow TOCPllKe evoc V£KpOe; nou OTOupw81lKe Kat oro (010 cnueo OvoonlBT]Ke evoc 8eoe;. To on 0 veKpOe; ~TOV Beoe; Sev enTJpe6.~eL mv oPXOlOAOYlKr'j eoeuvc. Eow evolocpepel TO yeyovoe; tile; Tacpr'je; evoq V£KPOU, o<pou 11 oPXatOAOYlK~ cvcouncn oaxoA£lTat ue TIlV TOUTlOT] tOU «KOlVOU uvruretou- TaU NIKOOr'jjJOU, KOl 0Xl ue TO euv eKel TOCPllKe KOI ovaonlBIlKe EVOe; eeoc r'j evoc ovBpwnoe;. Av cno TIe; 0108eOljJee; nATJPo(jlopiee;, TO aPXOlOAOYIKO euprurcrc KOl nc ouaxer(oete; TOUe; ouvoyeTal 11 j3ePOlO1T)TO 1T)e; ouBeVTlK01T)TOe; TaU Ta<pOU tOU NIKOOr'j!J.OU, 0 onoioc TOY nopeXwPlloe YlO va rccef 0 11100ue;, 11 0PXOlOAOY{O oroaoveror ucovortorquevn. Ortoroc 8ETel TO epWTIlllo «ro-

<poe; TaU 111006 rl tOU Xptotou- (onwe; exove 0 M. Biddle) unep~alvel nc OuvOTOTT1tee; KOI TOUe; moxoue; TIle; aPXOloAoYIKr'je; eoeuvcc KQt 8eOAOvel 0eoAoYWVTOe; oucx, oCPrlvet va rtupeunppnca TO oronelo TIle; oIlCPlj3oAioe; KOl we; rtpoc TO 0PXOloAoytK6 oeoollevo, ue TeAlKo moxo TTlV OjJCPloj3~1T)OT] TOU B£·(KOU OUjJ!3oVTOe;. AlITO ojJwe; eiVat OTT]V oucfc cronov, ocou TO tcroprKO yeyovoe; 1T)e; TQ<pr'je; TOU lqoou ue TO oUjJj36v TTle; 8e"iKrle; TOU tOtOTTlTOe; OUVMOVTOl uev XWPlKO. Sev TOUTI~OVTOl OUTe aMllAoesopnllVTol OIJWe; ournconsn.

M. MlKeMKlle;: LTTlV rtepirrruxm nc:iJu TOU rOAy08a, 11 OnOKaramOOT] TTle; CPUOIOYVWjJIOe; TOU (yeWjJOPCPOAOYlKr'je; we; AO(jlOU, unapstOK~e; we; ayiou ronco unepOVeOTT]KOVTOe;, OTT]V npoYjJOTIK6"rrlTo evoc AOTojJ£lou, OlOjJopcpwveL 1J10 via unapSloKr'j BewPllml TaU we; «jJ~jJe(ou KaBe ertirtovqc npoona8etQe; YlO TT]v OVO~TTITlOT] TOU Ylj.!I1Aou».

r.n. /\6.!3j30e;: 0 roxvoacc, erre -xococ- etrc AOTojJelo-!368tolla yeWIJOPCPoAOYlKO, Ssv rtouer va e(vat «renee aYLOe; uneoovecmxec-. enelOrl TO yeyovoe; rtou eow EAaj3e xwpa neplExel TO mOlX£tO TIle; aucrcc evoc eeoc. AUTO. TO KaVOUV "AYlO Kol YljJllM KOl oXt TO uljJoe; r'j TO j3aBoe; TOU e56cpoue;. 'Ortou neocoe r'j O,TI aYYISe r'j euouce o IIlOOue; l-leToj36MeTOl oe «ayto» r'j -repo ronoo61l(jlwvo ue cnoeccerc OtKoujJevIKwv LUVOScov. rjvercr ollAoor'j EVa onoonnouo TOU nopaOdOlOU xwpou mil rr. Oe; TETOLO avao£lKvuerOl, Qw:sapTllTa ana TTlIJOPCPr'j TOU, we; cqueto avocoocc «K68e ertmovnq nPOo.na6£lae; vrc rnv oVO~r'jTTJOT] TOU YljJTJAOU». rpcunoeecn 6.Mwme vrc va ulllw6de; ervor, ouuqxovo IJ£ 1T) xplOTlaVtKr'j 15100Xr'j, va Ton£lvwBe(e;> KOI OTT]V neprrrrccq TOU rOAyoB6 ovm-tosofvero oLJTr'j 11 cnctmon KOI ronovpocuc, we; OT]1J£lOAOYlKOe; OUI1!30Atopoc. 0 ncxocc OUjJ~OAlOjJOe; TOU rOAy08a, we; xocou Kol ertmovnc npocnoeeroc (cvrppoorKOe;), Sev n£pIEX£l ev TOUTOle; TO OPOjJO 1T)e; rmcOT)e; Kat TOU !3u810jJOToe; nou npoovorxCMel TIlV avaTOOT) Kat rqv cvocrcon H TWPlVll olonlmwOT) TT]e; ronovpcqnsnc npOYIJOTlK6"rrrrae; ttnpm~el ompaAWe; nePIOOaTepO ue TT]v unap~taKr'j 8etiJPI1OT] TOU «CPPlKTOU rOAy08a», we; TaU K08015lKOU rortou (!36810jJO) TOU scvcroc, TaU £UPlOKOuevou nAIlOlcOTepa crov «KOTW KOOIlO», one ortou Kat IJOVOV unocouce va npoEA6el 11 avoooe; rlll ovoorcor-, omcc OMwme anelKov(~eTat Kat OTT] OXeTlKrl nooooicon TIle; ac «/1.50U KoBoSouv- r'j TIle; -Avdotucnc-.

M. MIKeAclKTJe;: H ovaKaAuljJll tOU K0810jJOTOe; TIle; novayiae; ovcoelse EVOV VEO K080YlOOjJEVO reno xntpefcc Kat Eva VEO neolo ova~l1- rqcetov Kat KplTlKr'je; oKellllle;. H KOer'jjJeVll OcoTOKOe; cnorexet TOV oPXOloTepo rurto me j3u4aVTlvrle; euovovpuolcc, oruoc eK(jlp04erOl oe OT)- 1l0VnKa BplloKeUTtKa pvqpefc Kat cvcrrrucceror, nvopeoo or' 6.M0, oro MI1VOAOYIO TOU accuet. ou TOU B', orov AKa8lmo 'YjJVO, orov Kcvovo TaU M. LO!3~OTOU K.O.

r.n. J\6~~ae;: To va 8ewPTl8d Tl nooccrccn TIle; K08~jJeVlle; Oeoroxou we; EvoelSTJ vrc va TOlITlOSei TO KaBlOjJO TT]e; ncvovroc (TO VCO KOpuqxno noocsuvnpo flerosU lepoooxuptov KOl BllSAdfl) ue TOV torte 1T)e; rEWIlOlle; TOU 111006 elvor EVa rtpocaero aYloypocptKO mOlxdo jJo~i us nc 6Mee; urtcpxcuoec oxertKEe; nxrccco-

80

APXAIOllonA & TEXNE2: 84

pIE<;. AUTE<; nEpIEXovrOl TOOO am EuoyyeAlo TOU Mar80iou KOl TOU AOUKe] 000 KOl OTa unoxpuco EuayyD..la, KOl ceopc OTO Kopovt, EVLcrxuovro<; aLJTij TTlV onollJ'1, ce ouvcucouo IlE TO nococcrc aPXOlOAOYIKa ecorucrc oro xwpo TOU Ka8iollaro<;.

A<; ~KLVTioOUIlE ana tc erscnuc KElllf:va nou EYKpi9r]Kav ana TTlV EKMrJeria, IlE xprrnpm TTlV Karaywyri TOU hl00U ana TO YEVO<; TOU LlauiiS, 0 onofoc scrcvero. ana TTl Bry8AeEIl, KOl oupqxovc IlE TTlV nw..atO LlLa8nK'1 E6w rrperta va YEVV'l8d o cvouevouevoc MEoo(a<;. AUTO npQ(pryrEuEI rtptv ana EmaKOO'lO xpovLa 0 MLxa[a<; (5.1): «KOt au, BT]8AEEIl, OIKO,\ TOO 'EqJpaSa ... EK 000 1l0I ESEAf:UOeTOl TOO etvot de; apxovTO EV T41 '10- ocnx KOt at ES0.50l OLITOO an' apxfi<.; ES ~1lf:PWV olcvoc-. 0 xprorcc yf:WIETOl, OUllqJWVO ue TTlV enrcnun 8EOll TTle; EKKA11oiae;, OTT] B'16AEEI-l, elVOl screceercv onovovoc TOU Appaol-l Kat TOU olKOU TOU fiou{6, once anol5w;vuEl 0 EuaYYEAIarr'Ie; MOTSaio<; (1.1), «BiPAOe; YEVEOEWe; '1T]000 XPlOTOO utou fiaul'6 uioo 'A~poal-l", opxi~ovrae; TO EuoyytAlO TOU KOI noooaerovrcc tpetc copEe; ana iSf:KaTEOOEple; YEVf:ee;, nou apxi~ouv ana TOV A~paoll KOl «ctoxnvouv orov IT]O'ou. 'EXf:l £T0'l Esaoq>aAl08d, usee ana TTl aeonveuone TTle; Ayiae; rpaqll;e;, ° xpavoe; KOI 0 ronoc TT)<; O,£UOTl<; TOU MEoo(a: a) I'] BI']SAetIl lO<'; TOnoe; KOl P) I'] 42'1 yevf:a TTl<; lou60lKn<; urroptcc, ue npcrm eKeiV11 TOU Appaojl, we; 0 xpovoe; TOU jlf:Y6.Aou O'Ujlpavroe;.

Or OUVOMKE<; nA'1poqJop(e<; nou uncpxouv yla TO yeyovoe; TT)<; rEVV'lOTle; 0l-lwe; ertrrpertouv TTl .5'1l-lloupyia evoc ne6(ou ou~frn1OTle; I-lE rteprocorepec zuvcrorrrrcc. KOTOPxtlV, TTl rEVV'lOTl cvocecouv ).IOVOV Mo EuayyeAlOTt<;. 0 Mcrr8a[- 0<; (2.1-11) KOI ° AOUKa<; (2.1-13). 01 AeYOIlf:VOl IuVOmIKOl. 01 ortoior vpocouv TO Kdl-lf:VO TOUe; uero TO rtperro EuayyeAlo, TOU MaPKOU, OTO errore 6EV UnaPXEI AESI'] oxerlKn. once TO (610

aU!.IpOIVel KOl ue TOV EuayyeAlanJ IwoVV'l, IuyXPOVOl SeOAOYOl rnoreccw ettn OTI 01 IuvormKoi EuayyeAIOTee; npo08£TOUV nc nA'1poqJopiee; Yla TTl rewncn xwp(<; TT)v npaYIlOTlKn pon TWV yeyovOTlOV w..M KUp(lO<.; pe cvocopd one npoqJI']Te[ee; TTl<; naAmae; filOSnK'1), Yla va eVIOXuoouv TTl xproroxovo. 6'111.061'] TTl Ilf:O'alOVlKry liSlOTryrO TOU IT]O'ou. '1 onere e~6:AAeTo TOTe ana TOUe; cnczouc TOU rvcorocououa. Av 8ei\nO'el xcnoroc vu KOTw..a~el TTl pof KOl nc rtpovprmKte; nA'1POq>OpiEe; nou EXOUlle vrc TTl rEVV'lOTlIlE ynlV11 AOYlKn So oiS'1YI']8E! O'E noMa EPWTTlI-lOTlKO: one; iSll']yryOELe; vru TO l-ley6Ao cure YEyova<; (rponocrc. «uxcvrc K.An.) cvouervvucvttn nx Suo XWpOl nou, !.IE TTlV npOKTlKI'] AOYlKn, MOKo- 11.0 unocouv va owouccrouv, TO ormxcno KOI '1 'PclTVr]. To crnnAOlo O'uvr'!9we; E(VOl tsw otto nq nOAEle; Kat TOU<; OlKlO'I-l0Ue; O'E -ronouc EpI']1l0Ue;" KOTO TO cncspuco npwTeuaYYEAIO TOU laKWpou (17.3). KOl aKOIlT] neplOOOTEPO Sev EXOUV OTO eO'WTEpIKO TOU<; 'POTVE<;, 6'1AaiSn naxvlo vro TO ~wo. To TEAeUTOio Pp[OKOvrOl. Karo «cvovc. oupqnovc IlE TOUe; EuayyeAIOTEe; AOUKO KOI MOT- 80[0, OTO KOTWYlO TWV oruruev - «KOt f:ASOVTEe; etc rnv oixlcv- (MOTS. 2.11), «EV TD 'POTVJ;J" (AOUK. 2.7). nwe;. enopevcc. prtopel vo y[VEl KOTOVOT]ul aLJTij 11 cuvoncotn onI1Aa[OU-q>6Tvr)<;:

ITO oquetc aUTO unocet [0'1.0<; '1 TEAeUTO(O avoOKo'PTi, nou t'PePE OTO qJwe; TO Ko9l0jla TTl<; novayia<; va 610q>WTioEI TO SElJa. H 6lnYllCJl1 ylo TO KOSIOllo-Bpoxo. ortou «K08lO'E» eYKUOe; T] novoyia va ~KoupaOTe( KOTepoivovro<; ana TO unO~UYlO, KaSw<; nnymvav CTrrJ B'1SM:tll vrc va ortovpocouv IlE TOV IlOoriqJ, ncocneercr etc onOKpu<po EuayyEAla. TOOO oro npwTeuayytAlo TOU IOKWPOU. 000 KOl ce exetvo TOU lIJeu60llareojcu EKe( ovoqeperor OTl 11 Mapla, euptoxopeV11 o' ip'1llo tone (ope OXI orqv nOAIl TI1<; BIlSAe£).1), ).Im'jKE OE orn'xco. onou Kat yEVV'lO'e. KOI TTlV «TpiTTl Illl£pa ana Til ytWI1CJl1 TOU Kupiou

APXAIOi\OnA & TEXNEL 84

3.0KfOVWVI~6<.;No6<.; KQ9iIJllOTO~ novov'o~.

Tovio~opu(j)oio "POOl'iUYI]1I01l&TO~U ICfXlooAuIIWVKOIBI]9AC&1I (APX&io r.n Acif!f!o).

81

1.I0e.; lncou XPlorOU nl.lOKOplOTCIlT] Mopio ~YrlKe ana TT] annAIO Kat I.InrlKe 0' Eva orOUAO, ortou cneaece ce IP01Vl1 TO YIO Tile.;, TOV ortolo rtpoOKUVl100VTO ~0i51 KOI 0 ovoc» (lIJeui5oIlOT8, 14).

Ei5w xorrtov IPOIVeTat va IPWTl~eTOl TO O(VIY- 1.10 OTUlAOIOU-CPfuvr]e.;, nou cc i510i50XIKrl pOrl veyOVOTWV oi51lyei 0' eve AOYIKOIPOvte.; cupneoc- 01.10: 11 Mope, epx0f.l£Vl1 ana TT] NO~OptT Kat rtnvcfvovroc 0TTl BIl8Aetll YEVVI10e ora neplXwpo 1T]e.;, m80vwe.; KOvrO oro Ko810l.la (TO onoto ~PlOKeTOl OTT) I.It011 TT]e.; oncotccnc lepouoaArll.lBIl8Aetl.l). !.1T] ouvtxela l.IeTOKIVl19nKe ue TOV IwmlIP KOI TO Nruuo OTT) BIJ8Aetl.l YIO 1T]V onoypoIPrl, ortou, ana EMeILjJIl 11 oreVOTT]TO XwpOU oro «KonlAul.l0» (oro OaAOVI TOU ouvvevncou cnrnou TOU Iw01JIP) nou ovoqeoer 0 I\OUKOe.; (2.6-7: «610- TI OUK IlV OUTOTe.; renee f:.V T~ «crcxcucn-), KarBIPUYOV OTO KOTWI TOU ortrnou OUTOU, cnou 0 or6.~AOe.; Kat 11 IPfuvr]. AvOAoyo cupneocouc ouVOyeTOl Kat cno m O)(eTIKrli5lrlYllOll ylo 11'] rtvVl1011 oro KOp6.VIO, oro onere cqnepcovetm oxoKAIlPO Ke<pOAato 0TTl MUpl0l.I. EKel i5lo~6.~OUl.le:

"LuvtAa~e ulov. «cl cnecopan etc: uepcspu- 0I.lEVOV I.IEpOC:. KOTEAO~OV I5t oun'jv al wi5TVat TOO TOKElOO nAIloLOV Mvi5pou IPOIV1KWV" (KoPOVIO KelP. 10', or. 22-23)4. Kat evw 01 wi5ivee.; TOU TOKeTOU efvot IOXUpte.;, 1.110 IPwvrl OKOUYeTat vo Myel: «M~ 8Al~eoQl, 6 kuoroc oou ~vEw~e PUOKO uno TOUC: nMoc: OOU", i51lAOi5rl nllYrl vepou. LTO K6.8101.l0 1T]e.; novoylae.; evronfteru ue TIe.; npooporec ovooscqec 0 oywyoC; TT]e.; TTIlvrle.; aUTl'ie.;, nepc crto 1T] O)(eTIKrl XPIOTIOVIKrl 6lrlYll- 011,11 onotc emcnc cvoqecer v' ova~M~1 vepo eKel nou «KoSloe" n ncvcvc. L1T]V enlOlll.lll eKi5oXrl1T]e.; EKKAIlO(Oe.;, wc; yvworov, rtopopever n BIl8A.eE1.I we.; 0 l.Iovoi5IK6e.; ronoc ytVVl1011e.;. AUTO ouv6I5et ~t~atO ue nc iSIIlvrl0ele.; TWV Mo LUVOmlKwv EuaYYeAIOTWV, 01 ortoiot Sev cvcceoouv enl?TJe.; nooeevc m M~Il «OTIrlAatOV», rtupu uovo nc M~ele.; «OlKIOV» Kat "IP01Vl1V».

nap' oAa aUTO, TO yeyovOTo 1T]e.; rtVVl1011e.; IPoiveTat vc tAo~ov xwpo cc zuc 61aIPopeTIKO OTlf.l£la: OTO anrlAOlO «etc: lpnl.l0v rortov- Kat OTT) IPCrrvn TOU KOTWYIOU -etc nOAIV ... , ~TlC: KOAeTTat BIl8'\eell" (AOUK. 2.4). To crmxoro ottoOlwnmOi emmll.lwe.;, Ol.lo.K: 11 EKKAIlOIO zev TO cwcer. yeyovoe.; nou OTll.lalvel OTI unrlP~e, aMo 0XI OTT) BT]8AetI.l, Kat ertrrperter 1T]V tvro~rl TOU, ec nop6l500T] nAEOV, OTT)V Yl.lvoAoyla Kat TT]V AYloypalP1a, l.Ia~ ue 11'] IPCnvr]· Mia npwIl.I1l nopdcrncq rnc rewncnc otto TO LIVO efVatliSl01Tepo OnOKaAUmlKTl wc: npoc TT]v TonoypOIPIKTl 8EOIl TOU anllAafou. EIKOvi~eTat ce rcnceeoc ucKPIO ana TOV -erucnc eIKOVI~OJlevo-- OlKI0I.I0 IT]e.; BT]8AetI.l. H neoteovn oUTl'i oUyxuOll TWV 500 xwPIKWV ovrcmnov "OTUlAO(OU-IP01Vl1e.;» e~llyefTat ~t~atO ue IT]v ovopepaetcc eruaupio TT]e.; EKKArjmac: va KOToxupw8ef 11 ~OOlOVIKrlliSl6TT]TO TOU li5pUTl'i 1T]e.; veoc 8PlloKel0e.; cnevcvn orouc FvmOTIKOUe.;. A£v unocouce OIlWS v' cnospuaa Il eupete yvwOll 1T]e.; aAll8lvrle.; corte TWV yeyOVOTwv, T] once iSlaow~Ol ora OnOKpUIPO EuayyOllo (nT]vrl OMwore OTll.lovrlKrl TWV 0YIOYPOIPLKWV nopacrdcetov), Kat pe eViSlOIPEpovra toone Kat oro KOpOVI, 0 0UYYPoIPeOC; TOU ortotou txel unoLjJIl TOU oocpaAwe.; O)(eTlKEe.; nTJYEe.; cwcorec 0' euec. H ormvmcn enopevcc oro epurrruro YIO IT] O)(eOIl TT]C; Ka8rlll£Vl1C; Beoroxou OTT] xpioriaVIKTl er-

KovoypaIP1a ue TO K68101.l0 Kat IT] rEWTJOTl e(Vat npoIPovf]e.;: eva I.Ila aKOJlIl Evi5elq, vrc IT]v cxn- 81vf] pOrl TWV yeyovoTwV uurcov.

AVTf tmAoyou

01 AYIO! T otter EXOUV onoi508ef aYIOYPOIPIKO, UI.IVOAOYIKO, evopctucc, oJJ..o KOi uecn uno apXOlOAOYIKO, IOTOPIKO, 8PlloKeloAoYIKo KOi cpiAoOOIPIKO iSoKIJllo, ce i5IOIPOpeTIKEe.; enoxEe.; KOi ana i5laIPOPeTIKOUe.; av8pwnoue.;. H OVa~rlTT)OTl 1T]e.; cvrueaeveormcc OTO moioto aUT6 elVOI LjJeui5afoElllOTl. 01 nOIKiAee.; aUTEC; epl.IT]vefee.; avrovaKAoUV ue TIe.; ortovrncerc TOUe.; eUYA{J)TIO KOi nelOTIKO TOUe.; npo~AIlJ-lOTIOI.IOUe.; «cas enoxrle.;. 'Onwc; XOpOK1T]pIOTIKO OVOIPEpel 0 F. =Ilpondtoll~, O)(OAIO~OvrOe.; TO Myo TOU X,rK. rKOvrcuep <<TO «crcvcefv elVat 11 iSlapKrle.; cvoveccq evcc iSlaAoyou nou exel ~eKlvf]oel rtptv ana epee. npo~aMol.levol oe 1.110 0UYKeKpIIlBVl1 epIlllveuTlKrl noocrrovoncn ouvexf~oul.le curov TO iSlOAoyo. 'ETOI avai5ex0l.IoOTe TO KAIlPOVOI.IOUf.I£vo ana Tf]V nap6l50011 voruc KOi TO rportortorouue ern TT] ~60el TWV i5IKWV I.IOC; eprterpuov, nou enf?'JC; efvrn cnccooc aUTOU TOU creouovoc iSlaAoyou ue Tf]V napoi5oOTl",

H eVOOXOAT]OT] ue 1T] j31~'\IKrl apXOloAoyfa, Ka8we.; Kat 11 avoiSlIPIlOTl ce «nOAITl0I.IIKO Tonia" 1.Ivf]1.IT]e.;, nfOTT]C; KOi yvWOTle.;, el.lneplExel rc OTOIxefa evoc 1l81KOU npoj3MIlOTOe.;. H Il8lKrl YVWOT] -wecn eOWTepIKeUI.IEVl1- xerroupvei, KOTO 1T]v eoewo Kat Tf]V eourwetc TOU cvnseuevou, 0XI cc KavovlorlKrl OPxrl aMo we.; OvrOAOYIKrl ava~frnlOTl, we.; i5la~oUAeuOTl KOi OVaA0Yl01.l6e.; l.Ie 1T]v liSla ucq Tf]V unop~T]. Aqcpd TOV op86 ~fo ev TW OUVOAW TOU, YIOT( «Ko8e rportoc Tf]e.; OXEOTle.; elvm rportoc 1T]e.; ~Wrle.;»6.

·TQQ~QumiOlJQlQQn61QOn6KpU'l'?Euoyylilllonpoepxo.vrQIOn6 lollllWolOul.Kopo~IMnouA.ou,N10Kpu([lOXplarl{JV!!({JKeIjJ8V(J·A. An6Kp!KpofuoyyiJtlo, 8wuaMwiKrt 1999. (]{J. SS-69

1. Xp. ncwcpcc, nporaoel'> KpmKrj~ OvroAoyia~, l'I6~oc:, A6riva 1995.{J.19

2_ p_ Mru:v~evim;8' 0, napoi"iIillTt" (Will.), t.r.o~jJi~ Kal T6nOl.fI)~ MvJjWl,./rrroPIK&'> KOI AvepwnoAOYIKt~ npoa~yyfrw." nOv~mOTllIlIO Alyoiau,~6vi"ipeKl1999,O_!3 3_!Ayoupti"ill",OfucryyooOfl),Mor/loio"A6riva2000.(J.14·15

4. TO/8poKopaVlo,>IT'I'p.-ox6IoJor.l.nevnlKll,Aijr)vo21995,oo_219· 220

5_ r. =l1ponoii"iTt'" .KcrrmrOIJO'T[. eplllJvcio KQlEq>op~OYll. ° x.re. rKCt vrOIJEPKQlTtIi"itQIlIQ"q>tAocroq>IK~"epllllveUTIKTi,,~.Nwfcrria1.731 (!l>tI>pouCtplo,,2001),o.205

e.rtcwcpcc.c.n.

Holy Land: A Route in the Land of Memory, Faith and History

M. Mlkelakls

The discussion with Professor G. Lavas about the Holy Land has a dual objective: On the one hand 1.0 g,ive us the opportunity to deal Ihor~ughly with crucial Issues

~~h~~Ii~gl ~~cv~~:o~g~c~7~~:~~;~~7~01~gr~ a;~gi~~~~

which seeks the self-~onsclousness o~ man as regards memory, history, reality and his own desires,

"It could be most useful, if the researcher of Biblical Archaeology, ~ a neutr<l;l observer. could let reality - finds and tesnmones - lighten up the events and restrain himself from final interpretations - which could be postponed in due time -. in case an obstinate or monolithic pos!lion could create a disagreement between testimonies and finds".

82

APXAIQAorlA & TEXNEL 84

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful