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1. A hollow metal sphere of radius 15 cm is charged such that the potential
on its surface is 20 V. The potential at the centre of the sphere is
a. 20 V
b. 30 V
c. 5 V
d. 0 V
Sol: Correct option is (a)
For a hollow metal sphere the potential at centre of sphere is equal to the
potential on the surface of the sphere. Therefore potential at the centre of
sphere is 20 V.
2. A uniform electric field having a magnitude E and direction along the
positive yaxis exists. If the potential V is zero at y=0, then its value at y=+y
will be
a. yE
b. 2yE
c. –yE
d. 2yE
Sol: Correct option is (c)
We know that 0
o
V =
Also
y
V is potential at y=+y then
o y y
V V yE V yE ÷ = ¬ = ÷
3. An electric dipole of momentum
o
P is placed in the position of stable
equilibrium in uniform electric field of intensity
o
E . The couple required to
rotate it through angle from the initial position is
a.
o o
P E
b. sin
o o
P E
c. 2
o o
P E
d. 2 sin
o o
P E
Sol: Correct option is (b)
Couple = sin
o
qE a ×
Where
o
q a P × =
¬Couple required = sin
o o
P E
4. A given charge
o
Q is situated at a certain distance from an electric dipole
in the end on position, experiences a force
o
F . If the distance of charge is
halved the force acting on the charge
o
Q will be
a. F
b. 2F
c. 3F
d. 8F
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Electric field at a distance
3
2Kp
r
r
=
Hence force at a distance
3
2Kp
r Q F
r
= × =
Also force at a distance
2
r
on charge Q =
( )
2
2
8
2
Kp
Q F
r
× =
Hence if distance of charge is halved force acting = 8 <Li><span>*
5. xyz is an equilateral triangle. Charges 2q are placed at each corner. The
electric intensity at A will be
a.
2
2
1 2
4
o
q
r c
b.
2
1
4 2
o
q
r c
c. 0
d.
2
1
4 2
o
q
r c
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Electric intensity at A is
Where E =
1 ( 2 )
4
o
q
r
÷
c
120 1
2 cos 2 0
2 2
0
net
net
E E E E E
E
 
= ÷ × × = ÷ × × =

\ .
=
6. Work done in carrying a charge q one around the circle of radius R with a
charge Q at the centre is
a.
2
1
4
o
qQ
r c
b. 0
c.
2
1
4
o
q Q
r c
d.
2
2
1
4
o
qQ
r c
Sol: Correct option is (b)
The force acting perpendicular to the displacement of the charge.
Hence work done = 0
7. Two conducting spheres of radii
1
R and
2
R are at the same potential. The
ratio of their charges is
a.
1 2
R R
b.
2
1
R
R
c.
2
1
2
R
R
d.
1
2
R
R
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Potential of sphere 1,
1
1
1
1
4
o
Q
V
R
=
c
Potential of sphere 2,
2
2
2
1
4
o
Q
V
R
=
c
As
1 2
V V =
1 2
1 2
1 1
4 4
o o
Q Q
R R
=
c c
1 1
2 2
Q R
Q R
¬ =
8. An electric cell does 25 joules of work in carrying 5 coulombs charges
around the close circuit. The electromotive force at the cell is
a. 3 volts
b. 8 volts
c. 5 volts
d. 9 volts
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Electromotive force =
25
5
arg 5
Work Joules
volts
Ch e coulombs
= =
9. Two conducting spheres of radii
1
R and
2
R are at the same chartged. The
ratio of their potential is
a.
1 2
R R
b.
2
1
2
R
R
c.
2
1
R
R
d.
2
1
2
2
R
R
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Potential of sphere 1,
1
1
1
1
4
o
Q
V
R
=
c
Potential of sphere 2,
2
2
2
1
4
o
Q
V
R
=
c
As
1 2
Q Q =
1 2
2 1
V R
V R
¬ =
10. Two conducting spheres of radii
1
R and
2
R have same electric field near
their surface. The ratio of their electric potential is
a.
2 1
R R
b.
2 2
2 1
R R
c.
2
1
R
R
d.
1
2
R
R
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Electric field of sphere 1,
1 1
1 2
1 1
1
4
o
Q V
E
R R
= =
c
Electric field of sphere 2,
2 2
2 2
2 2
1
4
o
Q V
E
R R
= =
c
As
1 2
E E =
1 2
1 2
V V
R R
=
1 1
2 2
V R
V R
¬ =
11. If the force exerted by a small spherical charged object on another
charged object at 8 m is 5 N, what will be the force exerted when the second
object is moved to 16 m.
a. 3 N
b. 2 N
c. 2.25 N
d. 1.25 N
Sol: Correct option is (d)
F=
1 2
2
1
4 (8)
o
q q
c
Also F=5
1 2
2
1
5
4 (8)
o
q q
¬ =
c
Now
1 2
2
1
1.25
4 (16)
o
q q
=
c
N
12. If the force of an electric file don 10 coulomb charge is 25 N, The
intensity of field is
a. 3 N/C
b. 2.5 N/C
c. 3.8 ev
d. 2.5 ev
Sol: Correct option is (b)
Electric filed intensity =
arg
Force
ch e
=
25
10
N
Coulomb
= 2.5 N/C
13. Two plates are 2 cm apart and the potential difference between them is
200 volts. The electric field intensity between the plates is
a. 300 N/C
b. 100 N/C
c. 10000 N/C
d. 1000 N/C
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Electric field intensity =
V
d
V= 200 Volts
d=
2
2 10
÷
× m
2
200
10000
2 10
E
÷
= =
×
N/C
14. Electrons are caused to fall through a potential difference of 250 volts. If
they were initially at rest, their final speed is
a.
6
9.37 10 / m s ×
b.
6
8.24 10 / m s ×
c.
7
5.9 10 / m s ×
d.
8
9.91 10 / m s ×
Sol: Correct option is (a)
2
1
2
e e
m v eV =
19
31
12
6
2
2 1.6 10 250
9.1 10
800
10
9.1
9.37 10 /
e
e
e
e
e
eV
v
m
v
v
v m s
÷
÷
¬ =
× × ×
¬ =
×
¬ = ×
¬ = ×
15. The capacitors of a parallel plate condenser does not depend upon
a. medium between plates
b. distance between plates.
c. area of plates
d. metal of plates.
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Capacitance =
o
A
d
c
Capacitance is independent of metal of plates of conductor.
16. In a charged capacitor, the energy is stored in
a. metal plates of capacitor
b. positive charges
c. negative charges
d. filed between the plates
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Energy is stored in the form of field present between the plates.
17. Which of the following relations is correct?
a.
2
q
V
C
=
b. q CV =
c. 1 qCV =
d.
C
q
V
=
Sol: Correct option is (b)
If q is the charge on the body and V is potential then
Capacitance
q
C
V
=
q CV ¬ =
18. The capacitance of the parallel plate condenser is given by
a.
C
V
Q
=
b.
o
d
C
A
c
=
c.
o
A
C
d
c
=
d.
o
d
C
A
=
c
Sol: Correct option is (c)
tan
o
d
Capaci ce
A
c
=
Where
o
c = constant
A= Area of plates
d= distance between the plates.
19. The capacitance of a parallel plate condenser is
o
C . Its capacity when the
separation between the plates is doubled will be
a. 2
o
C
b. 3
o
C
c.
3
o
C
d.
2
o
C
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Capacitance =
o
o
d
C
A
c
=
When
'
2 d d =
'
'
2 2
o o o
A A C
C
d d
c c
= = =
20. Two condensers of capacitance
1
C and
2
C respectively are connected in
parallel. The equivalent capacitance of system is
a.
1 2
C C
b.
2
1 1
C C
c.
1 2
C C +
d.
1
2
C
C
Sol: Correct option is (c)
1 2 eq
C C C = +
Equivalent capacitance is equal to the summation of capacitance of each
capacitor connected in parallel.
21. Two condensers of capacitance
1
C and
2
C are connected in series. The
equivalent capacitance of the system is
a.
1
2
C
C
b.
1 2
1 2
( )
C C
C C +
c.
2
1
C
C
d.
1 2
C C +
Sol: Correct option is (b)
When two condensers are connected in parallel then let
eq
C be their equivalent
capacitance
1 2
1 1 2
1 1 1
eq
eq eq
C C
C
C C C C C
= + ¬ =
+
22. A condenser of capacity 30 F is charged to 20 volts. The energy stored
in the condenser is
a.
3
6 10
÷
× joules
b.
4
8 10
÷
× joules
c.
3
9 10
÷
× joules
d.
3
17 10
÷
× joules
Sol: Correct option is (a)
Energy stored =
2
1
2
C V × ×
6 2
6
6
1
30 10 (20)
2
1
30 400 10
2
6000 10
÷
÷
÷
= × × ×
= × × ×
= ×
3
6 10
÷
= × joules
23. A 30 F capacitor has charge on each plate
3
6 10
÷
× coulomb, and then
the energy stored is
a.
4
30 10
÷
× joules
b.
2
25 10
÷
× joules
c.
3
87.5 10
÷
× joules
d.
2
60 10
÷
× joules
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Q=
3
6 10
÷
× coulomb
C=
6
30 10
÷
× F
We know that
Energy =
2
1
2
CV
Also Q=CV
3
6
6 10
30 10
Q
V
C
÷
÷
×
¬ = ¬
×
200 V ¬ = volts
Energy =
2
1
2
CV
6 4
6 2
1
30 10 4 10
2
1
30 10 (200)
2
÷
÷
= × × × ×
= × × ×
2
60 10
÷
× joules
24. Two capacitors 6 F and 3 F are connected in series, the effective
capacitance of the system will be
a. 3 F
b. 2 F
c. 6 F
d. 1 F
Sol: Correct option is (b)
1 1 1
6 3
eq
C F F
= +
12
6
6
6 3 10
2 10
9 10
2
eq
eq
C F
C F
÷
÷
÷
× ×
¬ = = ×
×
=
25. If a 6 F condenser is charged to 100 volts and its plates are connected
by a wire, the heat produced in the wire is
a.
3
8 10
÷
× joules
b.
2
3.8 10
÷
× joules
c.
2
3 10
÷
× joules
d.
2
7.6 10
÷
× joules
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Heat produced = Energy stored in condenser
=
2
1
2
CV
6 2
1
6 10 (100)
2
÷
= × × ×
2
3 10
÷
= × joules
26. Two capacitors each of capacitance 2 F are connected in parallel. To
this combination, a third capacitor of capacitance 4 F is connected in
series. The equivalent capacitance of the system is
a. 2 F
b. 7 F
c. 12 F
d. 8.3 F
Sol: Correct option is (a)
1 1 1
2 2 4
4 4
8
eq
eq
C F F F
F F
C
F
= +
+
×
¬ =
2
eq
C F =
27. A condenser is charged through a potential difference of 100 volts
possesses charge of 0.2 coulomb, when the condenser of discharged it
would release an energy
a. 1 joules
b. 8 joules
c. 7 joules
d. 10 joules
Sol: Correct option is (d)
V = 100 volts Q = 9.2 coulomb
We know that Q = CV
3
0.2
2 10
100
Q
C C F
V
÷
= ¬ = = ×
Now energy released =
2
1
2
CV
3 2
1
2 10 (100) 10
2
÷
= × × × = joules
28. A parallel plate capacitor has a capacitance of 30 F in air and 45 F
when immersed in another medium. The dielectric constant K of the
medium is
a. 2
b. 1.5
c. 2.8
d. 3.5
Sol: Correct option is (b)
o
air
o
medium
A
C
d
A
C K
d
c
=
c
=
45
1.5
30
medium
air
C F
K
C F
= = =
29. How many number of electrons are to be put on a spherical conductor of
radius 0.3 m to produce an electric field of 0.012 N/C just above its surface
a.
5
6 10 ×
b.
4
7.2 10 ×
c.
5
7.5 10 ×
d. 0
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Electronic field just above the surface of spherical conductor
9
2 2
9 10
(0.3)
KQ Q
E
r
× ×
= =
9
2
11
14
20
5
9 10 ( )
0.012
9 10
0.012 10
12 10
16 10
7.5 10
ne
ne
n
n
÷
÷
÷
÷
× ×
=
×
= ×
×
=
×
= ×
30. What is the angle between the electric dipole moment and the electric
field strength due to it on the axial line?
a. 30
o
b. 0
o
c. 60
o
d. 90
o
Sol: Correct option is (b)
Both of the dipole moment and electric field are in same direction, hence the
angle between them is 0
o
31. What is the angle between the electric dipole moment and the electric
field strength due to it on the equatorial line?
a. 180
o
b. 60
o
c. 30
o
d. 90
o
Sol: Correct option is (a)
On equatorial line the electric field strength is in the opposite direction to that
of electric dipole moment, hence angle between them is 180
o
.
32. Three charges 1C, 2C, 1C are placed at three vertices of an equilateral
triangle. Which of the statements is true for the centre O of triangle?
a. At O field and potential both are zero.
b. At O field is nonzero but potential is zero.
c. At O field and potential both are nonzero.
d. At O field is zero but potential is nonzero.
Sol: Correct option is (b)
At O potential due to three charges is zero but there exists a net electric field.
33. 64 identical drops of mercury are charged simultaneously to the same
potential of 5 units. Assuming the drops are made to combine to form one
large drop, then its potential is
a. 40 units
b. 10 units
c. 15 units
d. 80 units
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Let radius of small drops be r and that of a big drop is R, then
3 3
4 4
64
3 3
4
r R
R r
× =
¬ =
Let potential of small drops =
1
4
o
q
r c
Also
1
5
4
o
q
r
=
c
units
Then potential of big drop
1 64
4 4
5 16
o
q
r
×
=
c
= ×
80 = units
34. Two particles of masses M and 3M with charges q and q are placed in an
uniform electric field E and allowed to move for same time. The ratio of
their kinetic energies will be
a. 1:2
b. 2:1
c. 3:1
d. 1:3
Sol: Correct option is (c)
For particle 1
1
qE
a
M
=
For particle 2
2
3
qE
a
M
=
1 2
2 a a ¬ =
Also
2 2 2
1 1 1
1 1
( )
2 2
K M a t Ma t = × × =
and
2 2 2
2 2 2
1 1
3 ( ) 3
2 2
K M a t Ma t = × × =
2 2
1 1 2
2 2
2 2 2
9 3
3 3 1
K Ma a M
K Ma M a
= = × =
35. When two capacitors one of 4 F and other 8 F are connected in
series and the combination is charged to a potential difference of 90 volts.
The potential difference across 4 F capacitor is
a. 70 volts
b. 60 volts
c. 10 volts
d. 90 volts
Sol: Correct option is (b)
Let
1
4 C F = and
2
8 C F =
Also let
1
V is potential difference across
1
C and
2
V is potential difference across
2
C
1 1 2 2 1 2
1 2
4 8
2
CV C V V F F V
V V
= ¬ × = ×
¬ =
Also
1 2
2
2
90
3 90
30
V V
V
V
+ =
¬ =
¬ =
1
60 V ¬ = volts
36. Ten capacitors each of capacitance 1 F are to be connected to obtain a
capacitance of
9
10
F . Which of the following combination is correct.
a. 5 in series 5 in parallel.
b. 3 in series and 7 in parallel.
c. 9 in parallel and 1 in series.
d. All 10 in series.
Sol: Correct option is (c)
1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 10
1
9 9
eq
eq
C
C
= +
+ + + + + + + +
= + =
9
10
eq
C F =
37. In order to obtain a time constant of 5 seconds in a RC circuit containing
a resistance of 200 Othe capacity of a condenser should be
a. 0.75 F
b. 0.1 F
c. 0.625 F
d. 0.025 F
Sol: Correct option is (d)
T=RC= 5
200 x C = 5
5 1
200 40
C ¬ = =
0.025 C F ¬ =
38. A 6 F capacitor is charged to 100 volts and then its plates are joined
through a resistance of 2 KO. The heat produced in the resistance is
a.
2
3 10
÷
× joules
b.
3
6 10
÷
× joules
c.
2
8 10
÷
× joules
d.
3
7 10
÷
× joules
Sol: Correct option is (a)
Heat produced = Energy stored in the capacitor
2
6 2
1
2
1
6 10 (100)
2
CV
÷
=
= × × ×
2
3 10
÷
= × joules
39. The resistance of a wire of uniform radius R and length l is x. the
resistance of another wire of same material but radius 2R and length 2l will
be
a. 2x
b. 3x
c.
2
x
d.
3
x
Sol: Correct option is (c)
2
'
2 2
2
1
(2 ) 2 2
l
x
R
l l
x
x
R R
=
= = × =
í
í í
40. Two resistances
1
R Oand
2
R Oare connected in series and resistance
3
R Ois connected in parallel to this series connection. The equivalent
resistance of the combination will be
a.
1 2 3
R R R
b.
1 2
3
( ) R R
R
+
c.
1
2 3
( )
R
R R +
d.
1 2 3
1 2 3
( ) R R R
R R R
+
+ +
Sol: Correct option is (d)
Equivalent of series connection =
1 2
R R +
1 2 3
1 1 1
eq
R R R R
= +
+
1 2 3
1 2 3
( )
eq
R R R
R
R R R
+
=
+ +
41. The resistance of a wire is R O. The wire is stretched to double its
length. What is the new resistance of wire in ohm?
a. 3R
b. R
c. 8R
d. 4R
Sol: Correct option is (d)
l
R
A
=
í
'
2 l l =
Now we know that volume of wire is constant, therefore
' ' ' '
'
'
'
(2 )
2
(2 )
4
2
A
Al Al Al A l A
l l
R R
A
A
= ¬ = ¬ =
¬ = = =
í í
42. When a d.c. battery of emf V and internal resistance R delivers
maximum power to an external resistance
'
R , then ratio
'
R
R
equals
a. 1
b. 2
c. 4
d. 3
Sol: Correct option is (a)
For the battery to deliver maximum power the internal resistance should be
equal to the external resistance, hence
'
'
1
R
R R
R
= ¬ =
43. A current of 3.2 A is flowing in a conductor. The number of electrons
flowing per second through the conductor will be
a.
17
8 10 × electrons
b.
19
2 10 × electrons
c.
19
4 10 × electrons
d.
19
3.5 10 × electrons
Sol: Correct option is (b)
Current = 3.2
Q
A
t
=
Q= 3.2 coulombs
19
1.6 10 3.2 n C
÷
× × =
19
2 10 n ¬ = × electrons
44. The resistance of 10 cm long wire is 2 ohm. The wire is stretched to
uniform wire of 20 cm length. The resistance of stretched wire will be
a. 6 ohm
b. 4 ohm
c. 8 ohm
d. 10 ohm
Sol: Correct option is (c)
L
R
A
=
í
Here
'
1
2
2
L l
A
A
=
¬ =
1 '
4 4 2 8 R R R ¬ = ¬ = × = ohm
45. Three 5 ohm resistors are connected to form a triangle. The resistance
between any two corners is
a.
5
3
ohm
b. 8 ohm
c. 10 ohm
d.
10
3
ohm
Sol: Correct option is (d)
1 1 1 1 1
5 5 5 10 5
eq
R
= + = +
+
1 15 50 10
50 15 3
eq
eq
R
R
= ¬ = = ohm
46. A battery of 10 volts is connected to the terminals of a 5 meter long wire
of uniform thickness and resistance of the order of 1000 ohm. The
difference of potential difference between two points separated by 1 m on
the wire will be
a. 2 volts
b. 5 volts
c. 3 volts
d. 7 volts
Sol: Correct option is (a)
Potential gradient =
10
2 /
5
volts
v m
m
=
Potential difference between two points 1 m apart = 2 v/m x 1 m = 2 volts
47. A wire has resistance of 3O. A second wire of same material is having
length half and radius of cross section half that of the wire. The resistance
of second wire is
a. 4O
b. 1.5 O
c. 3 O
d. 6 O
Sol: Correct option is (d)
2
3
L l
R
A r
= ¬ =
í í
Now
'
2
l
l = and
'
2
r
r =
( )
( )
'
2 2
2
2 3 2 6
2
l
l
R
r
r
¬ = = × = × = O
í
í
48. A wire has resistance 16 ohms. It is bent in the form of a circle. The
effective resistance between the two points on any diameter of the circle is
a. 2 ohms
b. 8 ohms
c. 4 ohms
d. 16 ohms
Sol: Correct option is (c)
When wire of 16 ohms is bent in the form of a circle, then the resistance of
circle, then the resistance of semicircle is 80 ohms.
8 8 64
4
8 8 16
eq
R
×
= = = O
+
49. The smallest resistance which can be obtained by connecting 100
resistances of 2 ohm each is
a. 4 ohms
b.
1
50
ohms
c. 50 ohms
d. 200 ohms
Sol: Correct option is (b)
Equivalent resistance is smallest when all the resistance are connected in
parallel. For parallel connection
2 1
100 50
eq
R = = O
50. A cell of negligible resistance and e.m.f. of 30 volts is connected to series
combination of 6,3 and 1 ohm resistance. The potential difference in volts
between the terminals of 1 ohm resistance is
a. 6 volts
b. 8 volts
c. 3 volts
d. 18 volts
Sol: Correct option is (c)
Current =
30
3
6 3 1
A =
+ +
Potential difference across 10 ohm = 3 A x 1 Ohm = 3 volts
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