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NUR FADZLINDA BT ABD MUTEK 0919048 NORAINI BT IBRAHIM 0915878 FARAH ADIBA BT YAAKOB 0830078 CHE FATHIYAH BT CHE HAMID 0829322 NUR SABRINA BT MUHD NASIR 0913376
••T h e a ct o ofeeducating ch i d atthome, ,rather than n l The act f d u ca ti g child a h o m e ra th e r th a n anconventionalopublicuorlprivateri te c va in i a co n ve n ti n a lp b i o r p school sch o o lse tti g . (stateuniversity .com) n setting. (stateuniversity.com) ••Homeschooling means learning outside of Homeschooling means learning outside of the public or private school environment. the public or private school environment."home" is not really accurate, The word The word "home" is not really neither is ,"school." For most"school." and accurate and neither is families, For most families, involvesschooling"and their "schooling" their " being out involveseach day, learning from the rich, about being out and about each day learning from the rich their community, resources available in resources available in their through interactions environment, and community, environment, families who homeschooled. with other and through interactions with other families )who homeschooled. (familyeducation .com (familyeducation.com)
• The parent responsible for home schooling generally does not work and is rarely a trained teaching professional. • Primary concerns for most home schoolers are strengthening family bonds and developing religious values.
• In United States, homeschooling is so popular. • the U.S. Department of Education estimated that more than 850,000 children (1999) were home schooled in the United States, and scholars purport that the population is increasing at an annual rate of between 7 to 15 percent. • Technological innovations in the late twentieth century made home schooling an increasingly manageable proposition, as the availability of personal computers and the Internet permitted families to access computer-driven instruction, 4 multimedia resources, and far-flung
THE DIFFERENCE OF HOMESCHOOLING AND TRADITIONAL SCHOOL
Homeschooling in Malaysia
• According to Malaysian law, compulsory Primary Education has been in force since amendments were made to the Education Act 1996 (Act 550), to include Section 29A: • The section includes: 1.primary education to be compulsory education. 2.Every parent who is a Malaysian citizen residing in Malaysia shall ensure that if his child has attained the age of six years on the first day of January of the current school year that child is enrolled as a pupil 6 in a primary school in that year and
Ø 3. The Minister may, if he considers it desirable and in the interest of the pupils or the public to do so, by order published in the Gazette, exempt any pupil or any class of pupils from the requirement to attend compulsory education, either absolutely or subject to such conditions as he may think fit to impose, and may at any time in his discretion revoke the exemption or revoke or alter or add to such conditions.
4. A parent who contravenes subsection (2) shall be
guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both. •5. The Minister may make regulations for the carrying into effect of the provisions of this section. •* Note that the primary education is compulsory under the above act. After standard 6, the Malaysian students are not compelled to be enrolled in a Secondary School and a child may choose to continue formal education in a private or public school, or abandon it altogether.
APPLYING TO HOMESCHOOLING
According to the act, any parents who wish to be exempted from schooling, they must apply to the MOE. •There are 3 conditions for exemption which are: •1) The child in question should be medically certified as unfit (learning disabled) or not suited (high IQ/exceptionally gifted) for conventional schooling
2 ) T h e fa m i y i co n sta n tl tra ve l i g a b ro a d l s y ln 3 ) T h e cu rri l m u se d m u st b e th e N a ti n a l cu u o C u rri l m i th e m a i , w h i e o th e rs co u l cu u n n l d b e u se d a s su p p l m e n t. e Fa cto rs co n si e re d i a p p l ca ti n s fo r d n i o exe m p ti n : o 1 . T h e p a re n ts’ a n d ch i d ’ s n a ti n a l ty a n d l o i re si e n ce sta tu s; d 2 . W h e th e r th e ch i d h a s re g i re d i a sch o o l l ste n ; 3 . R e a so n s fo r re q u i n g h o m e sch o o l n g ; ri i 4 . T h e p a re n ts’ a b i i to h o m e sch o o l l ty ; 5 . T h e su i b i i o f th e h o m e -sch o o l n g p l n ta l ty i a d e vi d b y th e p a re n ts, se 10 6 . a n d T h e cu rri l m , ti e ta b l a n d m e th o d s o f cu u m e
• Conditional approval will be given once the minister is satisfied that the factors above have been met. The conditions include: i. The number of years exempted; ii.The use of the KBSR curriculum; iii.Allowing an officer from the ministry to monitor the progress.
FACTORS OF HOMESCHOOLING
METHODS OF HOME SCHOOLING
• Parents prepare an environment by designing games and materials for the children • Focus- process of learning not outcome • - no exam and no grade • Learning takes place as a result of a child’s: Ø self-motivation Ø self-direction Ø self-discipline Ø use of self-correcting materials
• Hands-on learning activity • Places information about science, history or literature topic into a file folder full of little books known as “mini books” • Portable and easy to score information and can show to friends and family members • Beneficial for kinesthetic and visual learners: process and receive information by doing and seeing
•Combination of math, grammar, history and science into the study of a single book, event, topic or country. •For example, unit study on farms. Study social studies by learning about different types of farms, study science by learning about animals, study literature by reading James Herriot’s Treasury for Children, field trip to local farm and wrote and enacted a play using farm puppets.
• Follow their interests and learn within a context, they retain information better than reading books and memorizing. • Challenges: Ø Parents need to plan, purchase and prepare materials. Ø No test, so parents are responsible to assess their child’s needs and progress. Ø It is necessary to add on a traditional math or language arts curricula.
• Abandon traditional training techniques • Focus on learning through experiences • Parents and children be partners • Life in family of unschoolers: Ø playing, talking, living and learning but not like in schools • Use better reference materials compared to textbooks because it is very limited scope and range
• It is about learning and not about teaching- so don’t rely on textbooks • No test or grade • Measure success:
– happiness, ease, communications, thoughtful decision-making, compassion for others – BONUS: jobs, college admission, the praise of others
• Children deserve to be respected and they learn from real-life situations. • E.g: Take nature walks, visit art museum, and learn geography, history and literature from “living books”, books that make these subjects come alive. • Assessment: Not by taking tests but via discussion and narration.
• GOAL- teach people how to learn for themselves • 5 tools of learning: Ø reason Ø record Ø research Ø relate Ø rhetoric •
HOMESCHOOL VS PUBLIC SCHOOL ACADEMICS
HOMESCHOOL One to one, tutorial Two-way dialogue CONVENTIONAL SCHOOL 30 to 1 student-teacher ratio Lecture
Tailored to student learning style Caters to visual and auditory learners Students progress at their own Based on arbitrary scope and pace sequence Encourages discovery and love Encourages memorization of learning Parent directed and monitored Limited parental control Decisions motivated by concern Decisions tainted by financial for student and professional incentives
HOMESCHOOL Cooperative Real life, multi-age CONVENTIONAL SCHOOL Competitive
Segregated by age, race and income Physically and emotionally safe Danger of bullying, physical and verbal assault Flexible, suits learner Rigid, inhibits kinesthetic learners Consistent, secure Changes from year to year Encourages students to do their best- family factors Allows time to pursue hobbies and interests peer pressure- can be positive as well as negative Having much time on classroom management and busywork
CONVENTIONAL SCHOOL Dependence on teacher, government External rewards and consequences Adherence to standards Pecking order, conformity
HOMESCHOOL Independence Self-motivation Creativity Tolerance, individuality
Discipline focuses on character Discipline focuses on building classrooms management Family Teachers, peers
EXAMPLES OF THE SUCCESSFUL HOMESCHOOLERS
ISLAMIC AND WESTERN PERSPECTIVE
• Islam and western have a same perspective. • Both are encouraged to make a home education or homeschooling. Islam wants Muslim be educated for in the world and hereafter. Meanwhile, others religion ask for learning is for comfortable life. There are points stated for both of two
Islam puts considerable emphasis on its followers to acquire knowledge.
Islamic education means acquiring Islamic religious knowledge-study of Qur'an, Arabic, Hadith, Sunnah, Seerah, Fiqh, Islamic history, and allied subjects.
As a matter of fact, in the present world
The aims and objectives of Islamic education have been defined in the Recommendation of the Committee of the First World Conference on Muslim Education as: "Education should aim at the balanced growth of the total personality of man through training of the human spirit, intellect, rational self, feelings and senses. The training imparted to a Muslim must be such that faith is infused into the whole of his/her personality and creates in him/her an emotional attachment to Islam and enables him to follow the Qur'an and Sunnah and be governed by Islamic system of values willingly and joyfully so that 41
Every Muslim parent is advised to raise his or her children well and properly. A happy home, comfort, care and love, providing the necessities of life and a good education are some of the responsibilities that parents are required to fulfill. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said whoever is not kind to young people is not one of us and the best teaching that a parent can give a child is the teaching of good manners and character. Parents play a vital role in the education of
Parents should provide an Islamic environment, an Islamic culture. Children should get Islamic education at an early age. In an effort to inculcate Islamic values, the teachings should be done at home as well as Islamic centers or Islamic schools.
For the western perspective, study at school or study at home is accepted as long as children are taught. For them, knowledge is important for the sake of their future. A number of Christians homeschool because they believe parents are entrusted with the main responsibility for teaching their children. Furthermore, its "Tenets of Biblical Patriarchy" asserts that:
“Since the educational mandate belongs to parents and they are commanded personally to walk • beside and train their children, they ought not to transfer responsibility for the educational process to others. However, they have the liberty to delegate components of that process.” Analysis suggested that children need "more of home and less of formal school" "more free exploration with... parents, and fewer limits of classroom and books," and "more old fashioned chores – children working with parents – and less attention to rivalry sports and amusements."
THE FUTURE OF HOMESCHOOLING
• B a se d o n th e te ch n o l g i • o ca lm e th o d s th a t h a s i cre a si g fro m ti e to ti e , i se e m s n n m m t • to th e e d u ca ti n syste m th a t th e o h o m e sch o o l n g w i lb e l ke l b e a n o p ti n i l i y o fo r th e p a re n ts to e d u ca te th e i ch i d re n . r l •D u e to th e w o rl , w h i th e y co n si e r th a t d ch d i i n o l n g e r sa fe , th e y p re fe r to b e l e ve t s o i th a t th e h o m e sch o o l n g w i ld e fi i l h e l i l n te y p th e p a re n ts to fe e lsa fe w h e n th e i ch i d re n r l sp e n t m o st o f th e i ti e a t h o m e . r m
Is it always true that by educating the children at home, the social problems could be solved?
• By homeschooling, it could be a remedy for the social ills but just temporary because sooner or later the children have to leave home and started seeing the real world. • During this time, the impact could be worst because they have never gone to a real society. • Whatever it is, whether homeschooling or going to schools, the goal is to educate the children. The parents still need to do the necessary parenting and observe the 48
Homeschooling will be more accepted in the future due to two reasons:.
media resources (primarily video and the Internet).
ise of classical education as a defining goal for hom
• prerecorded video and video conferencing provide the opportunity to bring that instruction to the child without moving the children outside the house. • Since video is not interactives, videoconferencing is the best way for homeschooling. • It gives live interaction for the instructor and the students.
http://EzineArticles.com http://homeschoolinghq.com http://www.brighthub.com/education/k-12/articles/47938.aspx http://www.successful-homeschooling.com http://www.early-years-homeschool.com/homeschooledscientist.html http://homeschooling.about.com/cs/homeschoolmethods/a/methods.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/homeschooling http://www.islamfortoday.com/syed07.htm http://www.homeschool.com/Approaches/
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