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&!I" I I J •• l •.• ,,11 ".!I 1.11 III ;',11 •• )'11,,' .'IIIUIII t" ·IH'~ltl:-atllru,,:tJl' •• ':tu.a,JI "CIIUIUIIIII:\I: '1I1~:'II'II'U"t' oJI! I 'l!'I!~'111'.J'll'li'.11



'-r: fnofl(L '1 nllsft[oq M.A .. B.T. (Alig)

-Printed boy s. t. Gael at Shrav&n Press, Deobaud

. .

List of StafF

1~,[amia Jlnter $o[[ege", lfrl1zaffornogar. ~. 1D.

S. No.


1. S. Sliafaa:t HOS8.ID

2, S. Mohammad Mosbtaq

3. Mohd. Ishaq Alaro

4. Abu Ali Rashmi

5. S. ~'\zhar Husain
6. Mohd. Sharief Kha.n
7. Abdul Wahab
8. S. B. Ma.thur
9. Laiq Ahmad 10 l\iohd, Yamin Aosad

11. Sukbbir Singh Sharma.

12. Sydt Mohd. Anis

13. I..o.tafllif, Kh!Ul

14, Jolln Robert Peters 15. Mirza. Mablnob Ahmad l;.G., IVI~ Ayoob Kba.n

Qualifica tions.



n • ..,\. (Alig), AT 0



l\J.A., .. lI T (.~Ii!!) Lecturer 40 (]fog. &'Civ.

. .

(Specialif,t in Geog.)


Karoil, .M~osbi Fazil,



B.A.. {HODS)4 M.A.., B.T. (Alig) Lecturer in English & Hist.]

M.A,. B C6m.

Lecturer in Econ.


B.A., B.T, (Alig)

Asstt. MS!ltcr


B. so., B. T. (Ali g) Science Teacher


Inter D. T. C.

Art & Craft ,i

" H. S. Exam. Adv., Munsbi Language Teacher

Madharoa. (AId)

.. Inter J. T. C.

,; Intel"Sahatya Ratan

Asstt, Master Hindi Teacher

to R. S. EX'9.m, with. M. T. W·Craf't Tea<lher

" H. S •• J. T. C,

.Asat~. Master

It B. bt,


" H. 8. with Drawing"


" Phy, 'I'raining

Pby. Instructor



n U5~faq .I.A. B_T. (Af )

Printed by S. L. Goel at Sbravan Press, Deoband


1. A Ga.zal from Iqbal's "Bang-e-Dera" (Translated by 'Ameen 5


The Seed of the Sapling. " S. Hosain 'Principal',

Charles Dickens as a Novelist" A. A. Haslrmi B.l1.:. (Hons.) M.A., B.T. (Alig) 7

2. 3.


Matthew Arnold 1822·] 888. " Chaucer's Place in. Eng.Liter. " l\Jay we call1Vfohd. Bin

Tughluq Mad.

7. Economical Distress and Unemployment.

Eve of St. Agnes. .

Cal iph If arunur Ra.shid and his Justice.

10. Exracts from 'The Wisdom of Gandhi Ji'.



9 12


, " "

A tique Ahmad C. XI.


alama \ n Khan C. XI " :JJohd. _ urullah C. XI Art».

JIohd. Hameed, C. X Com.




8. 9.

)1 hOlOO Ali I C. X Corn. e l ec ed 8 nd Arranged By ~o. "alker.




11. Shakespeare's Life. A ... Ha hmi

B.A. (H .A.B.T (Alig) 23

12. Exbrae safrom Louis Fischer's" S. Hess in. B . .A. (Alig') A.T.C. 20

lB. In Memoriam " S. Ho ain Prinei al. 30

14. List & Roll No. of the High School Cad ida es 1 -. :31

-:fu;:~T fitmiT:~

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~+r +r ~[;:r~. z~r ~ 0 ~

~~ ~6+:r~ J. ::t.~r l ~

~ tlr~l (if.RQI )

~ ~~;q ~l'~(!J

~ fu~Hn

'(/ f5!~:n141 ~ "ii'ij'~o?j',

~ <f,<sDiil;;H ~a

~ ~S1T;Jf i17JJ~,oii 'l~) q~m (~6.T"l)

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fq~~ .,m· - ~( 'f.",r t;

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t; ~~Hf~ar T1Oj~




o LOKG·A W AIl'ED Truth for once 1 r

express . I

Thyself in, golden garb of Shape and Form ~ ~ my brow vhat i~ Thy Feet may press J l A chousandrfeuh.iea have st.irrad a storm

Thou art a BOOg. come dancing with delight 'I (

Unto mine cars, swinging with joy and glee ~

What strain iA this that lingers in Its flight J~ l In silence in ~h" fo lds of Melody?

I r ~~ J l

[ 5 ]



A Gazal from Iqbal's t'Bang-e-Dera" (Translated by 'Ameen Khcrasani'}

This mirror of thy Heart, 0 guide it not! For in .. thousand fragments when it lies Such pained and broken state would make

it fraught

\Vilh greater value in its craftsman' Eyes.

So said the moth whilst fluttering round and I (

round I

The flame "Ah me! the same effect of old ~ ~

Is not in atorv of thy burning found. J l

My tale of immolation too is cold."

To find peace in the world was not my fate. I r And whim at last I found it, oh but where?

In Thy Forgivenesa sud Thy-kindness GrestJi'- ~L My dovaetat ing sins had found it there.

No warmth is left in love nor least desire In Beauty to dispor t before the world

No Ghaznawi burns more in passion's fire No AYS7.' tresses DOW are Iuarroua, curled .

And when my forehead once did ~ouch the ground

In one of my devot.ions strange ond rare. There from the Mosque arose an echoing sound

"Lover of Idol, what avails this pruyer 1"

d-'" ) ~ tor t~ 1 )!aj )~r.;._. . .,:b.. ~ 1 !.,?~' d-'" )4i-='~~,Pf~~) yy ""-~"">~

~ Jof ~~ ~ )~ ~ ~Iil J",~ J!k.!! y;b ,-,~;L. ~~~j. <.::.>~ ,~!~ (~~ oS \~ ,,~)""'~,

~l ~! ~.illl It ", .. 1 t.i) d:; i_ t~? ~ ,> d-'" 51..., ct.i.~1 iflS:; s i; h~ ,j ~ (,:;..-f.~.rS

!.,?14u~S'; ';'ul .. 1 ,~ -.:1_'l} .. r~d&uW4 d-'" if'; ~~ ,u '-;;,~ y!~ .l:;I~ )'::f- "'-r"

-~ J l.}~::;"~J~)d-'"&",::...~,>'d-'"J~~'.t; J l~ ltd UJ; ~r~ ~, .t.i I./J)Y'Y ~~,.;r 1(,.t.i

L 6 ]

MA_G znrE, M. X..lGAR.

The Seed And The Sapling.



pe hap' it ill not au out of place to gL,\," a brief hi tor ~ f how thi in titutiou of our came into existence. J:om 3 deem es :lgO tlle Anjuman Islamia. .,111z~ffarnaga[ had sown the seed b" foundiug a Weavina- hool. Tho e were the


days of Khaddar Parehar under

the joint anspice of tli Congresseum. Khilafat Movement.

'''ben tha wave of entlru inm ebbed, the Anjumau however decided in 1926 to establi h an educational institution in _plu' f the Weaving . chool and Karga.' u were immediately replac d by desks and stools.

Thus the seed own y the

I in. i tution whicl I b ..

A uie (T t tl os who fostered :11 nnr ured h sapling 'in its

arly . age of .lJ'rowth, Rao ahib

Rao Ab:Jul Hamid Khan of Kairi and KGwabz"1da. Liaquat Ali Khan

• 1 P r the pla of pride.

A II t.lHtli was achieved th n was entirely d e to tIle pEI.'8onal intere-st and 'iudi id ual efforts of he. e gentlemen- now b th deceased,

Both strove hard to put th institution on a sound footinz and


laid it foundation solid and sure.

.e take off our hat to the ble sed memorv of both these


Anjuman ftt last sprouted into an educational pioneer of our district, -$0$-


7 ] Vicke:ns 1As crrt 9[10 ve:[is E.


<fr1.. ~L f1ctshmi, B.A. (HONS. ) ~LA.~ B.T.(ALIG-)


CAP..LYLE all DicKens' v rv inch of him all h me . 'man. K en obse ation , a re -entive memory snd a I markable p w r of reading chara er were the gifts to which he ow d hi

hi. wors m i .akes when Ire took Uptlll him to be a reformer of school. : f Iegal y tern of O(}\'el'llmellt:- ofti· " of mornl and

general. icke

wn for th time the

literary suece ,. dl:tn:de' h was shapi g~ It was

ne of hi, meri as a novelist I Jl . P opel' f r him to idc-n tify is that he pick-€(} out. the gleam of himself , .. !I t.hc hran -te '. of ills

beauty ftom the mi of ugliness novels.

and the eX3111ple of irtue from It was Colman ho taught amona the mulbi udes of the Dickens Jlb.l tile Iif of the s ree ,8~ vicious, He is pre-eminelltly the their ri ial incidents, heir sights, noveli t of London- He .knew their sound: and their urell were England industrially oci all y and I the material t,hat he sh uld elect politically within the limit of the I fOT ]11 bo ks.

lower and middle lasses. I ~\ f 1 tud f hi }, 1_

.t\.. care u s y 0 lS OOl{

In esfimatins the novel' of make us convinced that justice


Dickens we mould no forget the reiens in nhno ... t a11 of his novels,


defects that marred lria g odness. the wicked are puni hed and the

The wnu "Of r ~fjnem"n ,and light l righ compensation f r their strain of vuJgari v marred he I fieri 19 n d job received twice goodne of ieke . He mmit,ted oyer a.11 t.hat he had lost, Oliver


[ 8 ]


It would not be out of place to say a few words about the rapidity with which he wrote his books. A Christmas Carol was published in 1843, the Cricket on the Hearth in 1855, Dombey and SOil in 1846, David Copperfield in 1849 and Hard Times in 1854. David Copperfield is the best of-all his writings. A Tale of Two Cities owes to Carlyle's French H,€. volution. To his visits to Italy we owe Pictures from Italy. Oliver Twist and Nicholas Nicklsby were finished respectively in 1833 and 1839. The Old Ouriousity Sh ... p begun in 1840 completed in 1841. Then Dickens found it necessary to relieve books strain of such rapi~ production by holiday. To rest himself, therefore, Dickens in 1842 visited America. Soon after his return from America he published his impressions and experiences in the shape of American Notes 1848. The roam subjects of Dickens censure were into first place, Slavery. Secondaly, The Political S)~tem, thirdly, Spitting, a filthy

Twist restores him safe and uncontaminated to his true position. Abominations have been prepared in schools but the good knight Nicklle by redresses the wrong of smike and makes at least his later days peaceful.

Dickens was skimming the cream of his past experiences that he rose in Pickwick Papers to a height he never afterwards reached. Oliver Twist deals with the administration of the poor law. The obvious purpose of Nickolas Nikleby is the reform of the schools. lIard Times is an attack upon the orthodox political economy. Other novels deal wi til the Government offices, specific vices such as selfishness or the modern English Worship of Vilealth.

Under the influence of wish to teach his sty Ie becomes over charged, his sentimentality grows unwholesome and his most offensive violations of taste are committed.


[ 9 ]

habit. Dickens no doubt ohser ed \ some lable attached to hi charaethe hakspearean Injuctiou to et ters habitual phrase, a gesture, down nought in malice, he forgot and a physical peculiarity.

there are cases of which thi was

certainly he deals aeverlv with. I. As regards. patll~s he o.mits no

I)· k . f f 1.· I 11· 'urn tance ,no obje t animate or

]. ens 1 amous or uJS

h P· k . k 'inanima.t which can add to the

humour and pa t os. ic '\\"'IC ..

eff ct ivenes of the death bed or

Paper is itself almost a library of •

humour. He wa best at concei ing

the funeral. For instance Little Xell was a tory of peaceful death.

1 t j. beautifully imagined and touchingly told. It was mainly du to these Li .erary cha acterisrics


cene and humour us

charac ers. Sam Waller, a rey Camp. and )oijcauber stand among the fin t of tb humerou

that in the year 1 37 the name of

t rs of fj tion. He can always rais Di ·kens was one of the best known a laugh and .he laugh is always an

in ~l1gJisl..t Literavure, innocent one. There i u ually



'fl. ~L cHoshmr, B.A. (HONS. ) ~J..A., B.T.(ALIG_)


ARNOLD belongs to 18th. cell- nre undoubtedly great, brillient

tury. He is famous a a poet, as a and fascinating. Hi poetic dignity pro e writer, as a critic and as a and orandeur i unix ersally appresocial reformer. Ilis achievements ciated and admired. His verde is

[ 10 )


~tAGA.ZISE, M. -'''AGAR.

enriched with beautiful blank ver-J place of an ordered s.y tom only s sta el y si i 11 S, 'pathos re trai- blocks of the pa t like 10 berg, high nt I r por ion agnos ieism, mour- ,I on a rolling ea. He wa cur-

nfnl mu ic, Eleaies an] sonnets. ions to understand the nature of the new world vhich mn arise hom the ruin. He knew that he was

The 19th. en 1lr. thought finds it full e::'yT ssion in the poetry of Arnold. A arefnl s tndy of Ius

, tanding betwe n two worl s, one dead., the ot! er powerless 0 be born,' men Iioldiuz sneh. con-

WOTk ID:l kc us convinced that he ant d t find truth knowl dge

ana cultural P rf etion, He wn vi tions mus .inevi ,ahly be mel-

esirous t sec- thin s as they are. I ancholy and A.TDoIJ the poet IS As r ,amds religi n he disblieved habitually melancho :. Thi is one

f the rea on tha t he cou ld not in t ie diviniby f chnst and hi

in ellect separated him from th be among optimi bs.

catholic church btl he was H we jn~~ study the works of

never u ymp<'l hetic towards it. Arnold we would easily Jmow that It j . nof ,~ery .hard to find i..hat he wa desirou to see the peace & thi -sympa Ily is one of the most I prosperity of humanity. He knew remarkable features of rnold I tha any a tempt 0 blot or blur

verse. The fee is that he oa no the record of human pi ogres

creed but it is also undeniable mu t end in failure.

tbntheh3d a bound less sympath r To eritici e things was in his

t ward the church. nature that is wiJy he became a

In his poems we find rnelan h- critic. He went so f-ru: a to say oly and grief. His regret was due that poetry, "i a criticism". to the wor e situation that had I In my person-al op-inion this' denbeen create by the shattering of nition of poetry i at-lea t true of the old world which had left in the J hi-s own poetry. Undoubtedly his


f 11 ]

e ~e is a. .rihicistn of Iif . We I should remember one thine abon

hi critieism- - - In all his deepcsc poems he posse ju lgement on he life of his aa~J the life of his country and live - of individual .man,

K W' We come to LIte method

Arnold wan most indebt.ed to

Vi Ilium Word , ... ofh, As a. student and lover of Katul'e he followed word worth but his method and Iris resu Its jn some re pects differ from word worth. He has ·Wordswotu's calm, but n ither his chee-

that he employed j:: Iris poeticr I rfulne ~ nor his detachment. Lord d chie -:e.ments. Arnold appeal' as I De Tn blv givc~ A ruold he prefe~essen iallv a lo sical nof R man-I Bee ov r even Tennyson, Nor 1 tic His me n{')d was to tone -down i in re-pe(}f, to flowers alone tha.t what was. ex' . sive and to su pi" ' ~l'n Id i accurate, mountains,

Ilk :"I' til d

what was deficient and urgently I a ees, roans, rnr~Ts) ar a .. ocate

ne c1 d. He insisted "Upon tne vital I and portrayed WJ£:h precrsion and importance- of r garding the poem accuracy.

3S a whole in tead of being COlt: t nt with the beauty of the epaTate parts, and to inculcate the stu Iy of ueidi y re train and P 0 ortiou. \V e ruusf no forget that Arno1d i ancien in the subj c s of .hi p ems but he i~ modern in the spirit of his pill. The whole ubstance of Arllo1d>~ thought is modern, But he i G;reek in III insistence tha there shall be a. definite thought. which hall be lucidlv expressed..


He had a passion to find truth.

H wan ed to find under the lle1- ter of authorlty an easy solution of the int Ilectnal difficn lties which b et him,

K thing in Arnold's. poetry is mor arrescins than its eleziacelemenn

- ._

Other gTEmt poet - )lilton, Gray,

Shel ly, Tennyson h:lvegiven grand e'J..rpre siou to their sorrow in single clegie but no one else returns so frequently as Arnold to the elegiac form, Not only are ATJlola's elegies


[ 12 ]

numerous, they are amODG hi: finest work. And always his spiri is hat of Gray rather than hat of :\.ilt 11 or Shelly or Tennyson. Hi elegies are tho elegies merely of he individual Th . ubject of Regby Chapel i his own father, in 'A Southern Kigh it j his brother, in We~tmine tel' Abbey and Thyrsis hi most .intima e friends.

treasure rf po ry. The e sonnehs re eal the p rona 1 qualities and aspira ion of the au hor.

A regards the qua.1it,y of

passion, he ays that he fa e will over «ke the man who Iails to govern Iris pa ion.

So far :18 colour is concerned it i all subdued an cold. - There are no trumpe notvs in Arnold's verse. He love moonlight mo e

As a onneteer m the. I alian than sunliehb.

form he ranks with the be t in No only thi but we are grateEnglish literature. Quiet Work, Iul to him for he beautiful blank To a friend, uud TJ e Goed heph- verse, for tire stately similis and erd with the kid are among the for the pathos,


<lEh.auce/s p(ace in 9~ng_( fiferaEure:.


A'IlQ'GJC .:\IDt.m 'class :xr

IN estimating the work of any the e point of VIew, Chaucer'~ poet we. have t-o consider it under achievements are great.

two different aspects-in its rel at- The first and not the Ieast of

ion to the time at which it wa the achievements of Chaucer was

produced and ill its positi e [ that he gave English poetry new results. Looked at from either of ubjects drawn partly from It-a


[ J~ ]


Iian literature, pmrtly from Latin, I pattly from the popular tales of his da.y, partly from the ]tnglish life which he saw ;11'0u]1(1 him. His prologue to' the Canterbury Tales is One uf the most striking instanCBS or originality that the history of English literature can offer us.

ffe 'brought new methods of

'handling his new subjects" He introduced two important new metres, the seven line stanza and the ten syllahled couplet. Both of these are admirable narrative rnetu-es. He imported the richness of his ] and the ease of his style into his verse.

He was the first poet who Introduced the conversational noee into English poetry. With the conversational note come an inexhausbible humour which is in no 'way boisteroue or forced. The humour 'pl'ays gently .round its shbject with Ii quiet fun. The

quality of jest finds full expression even in serious sentences.

He fills his p8,ges with a. series of bright and glittering pictures. In my personal opinion he is the first conscious artist in English verse. lti"s lyrical gift was less than l~lizabethai:l!l, the poets of the nineteenth centurj and some


of his predecessors, The secular

drama, in which he would surely have excelled, was not yet inven-

.' ,

ted. As a teller ()£ stories he has


f no equal. When we eonsidea the

J sweetness of his ea,rly_tales, . the glittering colour and high chivaIrous tone of ~roilus and Palamon, tIle vivid character sketchea cof prologue ~'~ld the humour of his h),tes1; ttd~s, it seems impossible t? name any other English poet

- whose achievements can be matched 3,g.ainst his. In short the charm of his puetry ;t~main:3 personal and individual.

[ 14 ]



May we call Mohammad Bin Tughluq ~IAD?


JALA:\IA'r ALI KHA ~ -cr.x '\ XI.'

nfor ed tlt€' observances Iaid down in the holy book.

Having so many quali i and endowments .he 18 called mad. Wa he mad ~ If . o. Why o? It 1 as orne


unqe .ionahl the ables man

among the ero ned hea s of th middle ag . ° Nature had endowed

- him with a marvellous memory, a keen and pell tracing intellect and

C3.llSeS whi ch make the


- arr'enou rmous apaci y for a si mi- among the pin ions f hi torians. lating the knowl dge of all kinds. The admini ra, ive mea nres In shor : he was all. a icomplished whi h]1 P rformed were quite scholar and a skilful general. He .n w f OT' the pe pie to a certain wn a rna tar in ogic, Astronomy, extent.

~Iathe?l' tics, Phil scphy and phy- irst f all he transf red his

sical i nees. He a) had at hi capital and tarred for Daulat

command a good deal of persian Abau which was 00 miles fur from poetry, and he ffii!rltt speak it u. Delhi, So nlr tbi but he ordered w II a he mig,ht write. Bami calls every one to go to Daulat Abad, 'him a elequent and profoun ly I' Hence ~ t a single person was left learned scholar, a. wonder of crea- at Delhi. In hort he completely tion whose abrlit ie would ha e made Delhi de elated. Thi ied taken by such men as Arjstotle his .orians to 'call him mad. But and Asa!. fie was an orthodox tliey did. not try 0 go into its Muslim who 'rigidly practiced and I d pth. The transfer of capital to


[ 15 ]


Daulat Abad was not aimless. He I the ruins of the country and the wanted to live in the middle of decay.of the people while another historian who is more cautious in his remark says that the duties levied on necessaries of life released with the utmost. vigour were too grea t for the power of industry to cope with. He increased the percentage of taxes in the Doab, Up on -this people began to .run t .. wards the jungle leaving their hounes. Soldiers beat them and

his empire. Delhi was nob in the centre. Southern India was very far from Delhi. Instead, however, he committed a mistake. If he was desirous to go to DaulatAbad he should have ordered his chief and' essentitl offices and officers to go. Buthe gave a general order.

This is why his subjects had to face man-y hardships and many had to face death. Though Sultan tried his best to populate Daulat Abad and brought learned men and land holders to take their abode in the new capital, yet no inducement pr.j oved of an avail to. them. When he I came back to. his desereted capital, he tried to bring back the old prosperity of Delhi but it would not recover its former grandeur for the Moorish Traveller Ibn Batuta who visited India in 1334, .feund it uninhabited. The earliest .administrativemeaeure Which the Sultan

-(' .intaoduocd was the taxation in the Doab, Barni SAyS thl.\t it operated


forced them to return. -By doing so. a famine prevailed in the Doab, Then Sultan tried his . best to. check it but he could not succeed in doing KO. Unfortunately this measure could not be prevailed. AR a matter of fact it was wrong to some extent.

Mohammad Bin Tughluq has rightly been called the prince 'Of moneyers.- Having drained his treasury he issued a forced currency of copper coins by which he tried to make the king's brass equal to other man's silver. During the Same century the Moghul



conqueror of China K ubla Khan I .Besides these he tried to

I prevail many wonderful new measures. But unfortunately he could not be successful. However,

had extended the use of paper notes early devised by the Chinees. Tughluq's forced currency quickly

'brought its own rui n. Foreign. merchanta refused to take the worthless brass tokens; The trade'

I came to a stand still and the king I'

had to take a payment of his taxes

ill his own depreciated coinage. I



measures adopted by him were based' on great skill and were the out-come of hip. great statesmenship. It is unjust to call him a mad king.

'JEconomical Distress And Unemployment" By:-


people, who are prosperous - -eeonomically can mentally and morally be improved. In India the most perplexing and indispensable topic of the day is the question of food. A hungry man can

-not advance ill the way of progress.

Lack of education is also a great

hinderance in the way of advancement. What a pitiable condition of an Indian is. They are uneducated and economicallyworse,

Now-a-days the economic cond-

ition 'Of India needs more

consideration than other '-1'

II lIngs.

Traders, Artists, Mechanics and Manufacturers have thecornplnints and objections against the Govern-

rnent. The most dangerous thing is that the capacity of buying and selling of the people is decreasing day by day. It is apparent that

the people can buy nothing-,

because they have no money.


MAGAZL"'lE,. M. NA.G.!R.

Business of the people will rome to. an end and unemployment will spread. The business moves at the

ime when the monev eircnlates


but the cirorilatrion. stops owing to the incapacity of buying. If the

circulation, f money oll all

tit r . ources of life come to an end.

TIre cap_a it.y of buving d ereages when the ruonev is not in


circulation e.g. We see that the

trade bcrwe n India :r Pakistan I ceased and the people of bot h. countries ha VI} been deprived of a great source of income. If .hc

rade hetween the two ountries continued the eircnla ion of money

will also go . n,

ill tributed to the deserving persons on control rate" This will cheek .he bla Ie marketting and thesuicnble rate will. enable

the manufaeturer livelihood. It will

to. earn affect

his' the

market and he economic eondisJOn. f people. .Every Indian in general and, lIu-sli.m& specially have fallen a prey to miseries and troubles. Their economic condition i worse. But they should not think that. they atone are CCO]10mie' ]1_;- worse- Undoubtedly they are s rrouaded bv great tr-oubles bub vzen ral troubles are equal for all. ,Yhen the economical structure of a country O"{)e8 down, i affects the eeonomic condition.

of i ts 'p~ople and eery person

The cottage 'industry is dimi- hink himself to he surrounded

nishing a £'00 raw material can b} more difficulties. .Ilowever, we not ea By be supplied. TIre Gove- hope that the Nati nal Governmrnment, shoul be vigilant eut will soon be able to .solve the raw material i honestly. t. i perplexing problem.



[ IS. ]


Eve of St. Agnes.


1T :JJ.A.IDLrn H~ ClaEi X (Com.)

Long aso on a bitterly cold Eve of St. Agne., a feast was held in a baronial castle 0 which a thou and guests were invited. But Madeline the baron's daughter had no heart in he feast. 'he took no notice of the gue t as they went past her and never lifted her eyes 0 Iook at the youna men who approached her to pay .heir homage. She was thinking of Jove and t. Agne _ For :he had heard old Ladies say tha.t a m-aiden who retired fas jng on St. Agnes's Eve and ht~d herself down on her back m he bed. without looking before or behind would obtain a ight of her future husband. And Madeline who had fasted that evenina was only wai ing for the midnight hour-when the vision of her future hu band would be vouchsafed

to her=oblivious of everything else.

In the meanwhile, Porphyro came to the castle, hopi g to obtain a glimpse of ::'.ladeline or a claanc€' of speaking to her. He loved ~:radeline, bu the baron :l-1 d hi guests were his bit er foes. However h was bold to enter the ca tle and luckily met Angela-an old woman in the castle, hi only friend, She took him apart and told him of the feast. and )1: deline's fancy. When Porphyro heard that, an idea sugge ted itself to him. e asked old .Agela to take him to Madeline's chsmbar and hide him there in a 010. et, where again she should store up all daintie and delicacies of .a feast. Angela agreed only when she was eonvinced of the purity of Porphyro's intentions,

[ 19 ]

.Accordingly she stored up all dainties in the closet and took Porphyro there aud hide him in It. Soon after }JadeJine came with a b per in Jrer hand which was how ver, blown out as . she entered the dum her. he sai 1 her pra.yers and laid her lf down to sleep on her back.

PUTphYTo Iisteued far hff

sound of her breathing to make certain of her sound deep. And

Porphyrn kneeling before her Wd; Lhe same whom she saw in h'3' dream. And thinking, lest he should .ha ·e died-he appeared so motiouless=she implored him piteously not to abandon her t'l eternal misery, Perphyro reassured her by clasping her to ills heart. He told it was no dream she was having, for there was darkness all a.b:out them and outside the castle, he t-old her further, a

then he brought forward a table tOT was blowingfiercely. Finall;y,

and, pl· eing it; close to ~laddil1e' he told her, they must- hu:r;ry and

b~d, a,JTaJ ged . n .it in. gold ~ 11lHL-ke their ~sca,pe from the osstle dishes, the ell aC1€S which had before mornmg.

been stored up hy Angela III lie Madeline- made haste to o-OOy clos t. After ompl ing these him and took Iiim downstairs. arrangem nt f r he feast, he T-h. y pa-ssed through the hall took 1:p 3bd-eline's lute and where an the gII6.stS. lay- drunk played 011 it a gentle .ne Iiolding I and unconscious, At the iron porch,

I h '"1..._ 1 I .

it C 0 e to r e:l-l".m:; a .::e. I th y found the porter. III no better

rsturbed and frightene 1 find! eo-n ition and the- wakeful bloodIOIp yro went 60Wll on hi knees n.OlUld kept quiet when 11.e saw immedia tek, appea-ring motionles re- I ~~aaelinc. TJrey opened the gate like a statue. and fled forward to that home

For some time Madeline was beyond the southern moors which

unable to decide whether the I Porphyro had prepared for

[ 20 ]



Madeline . .Angela di ·.d 011 the same I gu ests were night and the baron and hi. dreams.


oppressed by terrible

Caliph Harunur Rashid And His Justice.


MAm.tOOD AuI X(Com.)

Once there lived a barber in did no pay him any money .... and the .city of Baghdad. Hit' name informed him hat according to was Ali akal. He was verv the terms of their 3 reement he famous for a stea y hand and sh uld have the ba k addle that dexterity. He could have a hea-d wa also made of ood. The with his blind fold _ e.: without wo de-utter wa urpri d and bleeding. Wood for fuel was not I requested th bar~er to return hi availaule in abundance in I pa ck sadd I . But It was not retuBaghdad. His shop consumed a rned :Q him. At last the wood great deal of wood. cutter went to the Qazi and aske-d

One day a woodcutter brousht r him to decide the dispute. The some wood on he back of lU~ as I Qazi was one of the barber's for. sale. He was qui e new in hi customers. He did not give a. just profession. When he came to Ali and impartial decision. The Sakal's- shop. Ali Sakal purchased woodcutter then went to the Mufti. it saying bat it was the price for The ~iufti was also his customer. the wood that was upon the back He also gave his decision in favour of the ass. As the woodcutter wa of ,he barber. In the last the ignorant he agree.d to it and woodcutter went to the caliph. unloaded the ass. But Ali Sakal The caliph decided to give the

[ 2l ]



packsaddle to the barber in view I-shaved him. Thea he .asked.abeut of the terms of agreement. But his companion. The woodcutter he whispered something in the I wen out and entered with an ass. wocdeutfez's ear. The woodcutter He aid, "This is my companion returned hiS home quite sa .isfied. and you sho ld have it according

After some day the wooden- to term of our agreement." tter came t6 Ali SakaI's shop for Ali Sakal refused to .do so. shaving, Ali .Sakal could not The woedcnttec went to the recognise him. -The woodcutter caliph who decided tnat the barber said tha.t his- companion misht should shave the ass. The woodenjoy the dexterity of his hand. cutter was very glad and returned

The barber agreed to it and atisfied.



[ 22 ]


~xracts from "The Wisdom of Gandhi ji" SI);LECTED And ARRANGED BY Hoy. WAldJtER.

"I shall Dot fear anyone OB. earth, I shall fear only G@tl. I shall not bear ill-will: towards anyone. I shall not submit to injastiee from anyone I shall conquer untruth by truth and in resisting untruth I shall put up with all suffering.

"* * * * *0

Courage, enduranee, fearlessness and above all self' sacrifice are the qualities required of our leaders.

Let us not waste our resources in thinking of too many national problems and their solutions. A patient who tries many nostrums at a time dies. A physician who experimenbs on his patient with a combination of remedies 10scB hid reputation and passes for a quack. Chastity in work i~ as essential as chasbity In life. All dissipation

is bad. * * * * * *

S-tl'e,Jlgth does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will when a man wonks for an ideal he becomes irresistible.




Ujscipline IS the pledge and guarantee t at· a man means business. There is no deliveranc a and no hope without sacrifice discipline and self-control. Mere sacrifice without discipline will be unavailing.




l 2-3 ]


c)phakespeare' 5 eife.


A. . HASHMI, B. A. (Ro~s) , ~f. A. B. T.

",,\V ILLlAM HAKE PEAB.R' ance tel' were farmer. The Poet's father, John hak peare \\3S not only a pre perous man of business bu a person of importance in h Municipal affairs' of tra ford. He married Yary Arden wh brought him land and hou .. es. wa born at S ratford -on Aeon, in April 1564. In .Tuly of that year the plague raged iolently at tratford. He ubseribed liberally to

of he French language. Hi s time at chool wa hort, as hi fa her's fortune teadilv declined and at the age of thirteen he wa. obI iged to apply him elf to tl e trade of a butcher.

I hakespeare married Ann

Hathawav when. he was lit Ie mere


thau.eigh e n and a half years old,

he hav-ing attain d the mere mature age of twenty. ix. Three children ere born tot hem, two

the relief of the vicbim among daughters and a sou.

the poor. He feU into deht and She was not able to keep her

difficulties and gradually lost hi young lru band out of mischief. He

:interest in Muni ipal affairs, eems to have amus d himself

In hi early life Shake peare among his farmer kinsfolk and was taught the rudiments of not conteu with the orthodox Latin, grammar and li erature . ports eommon to these born and and to write in Old English chara- bred in tha country. He appears cters as was then the custom in t have been led into transactions provincial schools. In his later I which caused him ttl leave his Jife he acquired Borne knowledge home and family for everal years.

( 24 1

H jo.lcetl wit I others iJI , aling deer nnd rabl-it s fr.o'lJi the park of I Thomas LUG,. He wa s nunish d.

hak spearf' hittedy resorrte.l the Trf'3 tment meted mt. to him and

. i]l~ -r '\f"lllJe compo-,-.l a o!111aJ whi . the pa -d UpOJl the £l'ate~ of the Park f 1'] mus Ln·y. Thi I It ... Iiak ·w ~')re~l'l f r ;;kin,! his 110me and fu djJJ~ it more r-o zeuial

.... ~

oocnpnt.ion ill Loiul n. " 'lie se II drif'tcd into tLe profe·

,jj n of an ac 1'. in which he made I his tl"" ·l It. He- is s it! 0 hsvo besnn bfs (;~r H as v w ri' er bv 'adaphl1{! ar a re vr .. hrLQ: pInY's by

other 'au 1110rs which, after 'be 'ug

J ts -p~ t unlike those of most o .lris p13JiS doe~ n t eem to have been. 1 crowed fr ill any earlier story of -omcn .~. It n 0 and JuLe IJ (1591) his first tragedy on the 'On' rarv had goue th 'uugll man v z dn pi ati n ince h Greek R usance of', , .:in .hia < nd .AIJIo.cin ,'J: W;~f written ill tl. eco rd eentury For Lit". plet OJ }!c:r .ha ut

f Venier he "aT iudcbce 0 a

varie rr of s tree inr-ludina he G Jle tion of Ltall ian Nuvels writ ten in the f uct nth centurv.

.. \l.:mJ of ll' SOlltt ~ s ar addre:>-. od t 1 Ear] of mutliampt n. rh ush not, by uam . T" iuePll

bought bv an acting om.pllny, Eliza h th showed hi 11 some marks pa~ ed _ n' i .. d~ out of the hands of her favour us early a ]094: and of he original Fln.'y_wright. I was af er the accession of JClllJe;:: firs , .no nnusnr 1 for he mana.ger to I JH; was alled upm T·O act lw-f 'ein rite .1..1( 10110-11 r . fi:i~)~ before I the king. T.he 'J mpe ~ which w~s du 'lRQ a n w or re . 'V f1 play. f alm st he lates effort of his ·upon. the stag. L vc's Labour geni us waspe .formed 0 celebrate Lost was revi ed ill I 9- snd pub- th~ marriage- of the Princess -Elizalish d in the f 11 "jug y~Lr when b-eth with the: Elec or Fred rick in

he name OJ, akesp-are net app- .16] 3.

eared in print 3 it. au tho r , Witb. the object of re-establisbing







the fortunes of his f'aimly in the

• i)' , ....

town (of' Stratford, he returned

t;.;. ..... _. _ ..

there after an absence .. of 11 veal'S

. "' .

and although he spent the greatest: 'I


part of his time in London, he

never hileel to visit his native place at Icast once a. year. In 1597

plays. The comedies, Much Ado

, Abon~ _ otltil1g (1;600) As ~on Like It (1600).811d l\velfth Night (1601) were followed by Juliua Ueaesar, Hamlet and Othello. Wbcbeth was completed in 1606 and succeeded by Kin!! Lear. After (1611) he

he .pnrchased the largeat house in seems to have abandoned drama. the t@WJ1. The purchase of this tic composi tion and spent the .·~16use hrought to him a. reputation gr&ater pp.xt of his time a,t 8t;;:tamong his fellow townsmen for . ford. His health De-gaD. to fall M wealth and influence. Both as \ the .commenoement '-'CI'J:"i6~6, . but acto!" and 'dr~uriatjst he was now actual cause of death is unknown. receiving a good income. He acqu- His only son Hanrnet , had died ired a hure in. the profits of the many yeats before but his' wife Globe 'fhe·at~~. "Afterwards his I·and two daughters, survivedhim. 'income, from various sources, I He died at the age of fifty. two, became much larger aud he became and was burried inside the .Stratthe owner of a large· landed estate.] ford Church. VVith th1-s epitaph

Tn the time of prosp~rit,y !tel inscribed over hji~ grave, brought ont several of J111;\ best

. I

. ~ , "Good friend, fOT Jesus' sake forbears.

To" dig the (lust enclosed here.

Blest be ye man yet spares these stones .

Ant] curst be he yet rnoves my bones."

. 1

- .,


_, ~ ,i, ••

- ,


[ 26 )


Extracts From Louis Fischer's U<B-artdhi. 62. ~f-a[in."


S. Ho AIT, B. A.(Alig) A. T. C._.

1- J

How can there be individual l\-1.u.""RTh---n needs an alliane

secur-ity when the dictator's secret between polities and principle. police can rob you of liber ty I and between individual conduct \That -j "_ecuri .. - uooer a regime. I and principle. Oft-en the two are that ha no scruples an is the-re- I trangers. Every-thing j judged fore incalculable ~ by concrete results: "What does


The m-ere claim that builds

buildings and provides security In a dictatorship, polities and

has, howe rer, giv n dictator hlp principle are enemies. The end aeceptanee in many quarter. hallows lies, murders wars. But

The crisis of our era is ssen- demecraey, by its definition and tially moral. We live in a world in essence, should be scrupulous which the Jove of freedom, attach- about means and methods,

ement to high e IDeal value , he Generalissimo Stalin and capacity for indignatjo~ and I ~ahatma Gandhi exemplify the respect for human beings have anti the is between dictatorship dwindled. This, more than any and democracy. It is the greate-st thing else, explain the failure of antithesis III the modern world.

politicians. In Joseph Stalin, Communist

X X X X X dictat-or, autocrat of all the


Russia ,organizing genius, rna ter 4-

of power politics is the end, The To rno t people, politics

mean do not ma - ter. A pact with means government. To andhi it Hitler ~ Concentration camps ~ means rnan. The t pied politician, The enslavemen . of small count- as well as the dictator -proclaims ries 1 They are all r.ight because him elf ,. a friend of the people." they are means to an end. the Gandhi, however, is not just intemean of getting and keeEing! r sted in people in the mass. He power I is concerned with people as indi-

In Mahatma Gandhi, saint, vidual .. He proceeds from the ta e man seer, ideali tic cia- I particular to the general.

list, pacifist, politics and principle X X X . X


are one.

T]}(~, e two men are separated h.y shapl .. divergent attitudes toward' men, means, and words.

In Gandhi there could be peace.

X X X X X 3-

GA",TDHI is supremely religious. The core of his religion i .a faith in God, in him elf as an in troment of God: and in nonviolence as the way to God in heaven and to peaee »ad happiness on earth. Belief in non-violence shapes all his p Iitical acts, tb,ough~s~ and. statements.


[ 27 -,




Ga.xDm. is very much the

radical revolu tionist tugging at the roo s of the evils in life. He ambition Iy undertakes to lifp and chang; huudred of.milli~ns of people by example and word. By indentifvinz himself in .his daily

• 0

life with 'the Untouchables, he

tries t-o eliminate the cruelty -of

utouchability. When the Hindu_.;!oslem 'volcano erupts-he pitcher his tent on the age of the Java flow. At all times he lives close to the peasants, for India is a peasant - country ..





[ 28 ]



1~ gulf between men with power and men without power i .one of the central reasons for the evils of the words. The men with power vought to enter into the hour-to-hour life of he averaze citizen; the average citizen would share, and thereby diminish the power of the man with power. Thi applie to governments, political.parties, corp-orations, .rade unions,and, in fact, all human institutions. Too IDl1Ch power is 'unhealthy for those who exercise it- and for those who uffer 'from it.


x X 7--



I against the world. With Gandhi. individnali m is maximum development of inner qualities.

Gandhi is a free man from the inside out.

x X 8- friend once .asked





whether on occasions it n9gbt be nece sary '"'t.o· compromi e ideal with expediency."" No, never. :'G-andhi replied," I 00 not believe tha.t the end justifies the means.'> That sets him apart from the dietatorseand from most politician .

Gandhi say, t « I have striven all my life for the Iiberation of India.' But if I had to get it by violence I would not want. it." The

GA....'ffiID is an individualist, ' Fa~ci t 01' communists, on the without force and wi thont money. other hand will use any means to His .individnali m doe", not give achieve the end.

him the Iigh to take everything he The mean is, usually, man can get within the Jaw. His indivi- himself. Hence -tine democrat dualism is not based on property. exalts the individual; tihe dictator It is based on personality. It sacrifices the individual. The diemeans that when he feels his tator sacrifices the individual in cause is jJ:tst he can .stand alone the alleged interest of the


1 '29 ]

individual. Man's welfare is the end, but in the pursuit of that end man.disappears into the maw of the impersonal tyrannical state .

X X X X X 9-

In this sespect, and in most respects, Gandhi is the exact opposite pole from Generalissimo Stalin. Only a few intimates know to whom, or even whether, Stalin is married. The public does not know his house in Moscow or in the country or just where he spends his vacations. When he travels his private train moves secretly, no body is informed; nobody is permitted to approach the tracks. At his former wife's funeral in November 1932. Stalin walked through the streets of Moscow behind the coffin. But the secret police had previously cleared those streets

and posted special agents in the apartments along the route to keep the people away from the

. windows.

Gandhi's life is an open book.

Stalin lives behind a thick curtain. No dicta tor close to his subjects.


x 10-


Gandhi is incapable of malice or hate. A dictatorship is based on hate and relentless persecution. In the early less rigourous days of the Bolshevik dictatorship, teni~ advised the Mernshevik leader; Martov, and several other political opponents to get out of Russia. in order to avoid arrest. But now the gates of the Soviet Union are shut tight. No anti Soviet refugees. have been allowed to leave Russia since 1922.


[ 30 ]




_ Hossrs, PRL~<JJ.P-AL. •

. ... ..'

The late Nawabzada Liaqnat Ali Khan wa elected president of the school !\laooIYem'en', in 193 ana ince then he con inued to occupy

hat position until 1947 when he leftfor .Pakistan. Hepar~ neither time .nor ny>ney _ in helping, this institution 0 achiev jts ain1:) and objec . Infa- t he was one' of it greatest patrons and, benefactor rather its hiefbuilder. .Hi con tanto -and unflag.ging interest in the welfare of tlii in ltutioD saved it from ruin in man a crisis that

might ~ ve wiped j- on ?f existence. ~

I eame in contact with him when he a umed in 1930 pre identship 9£ the board of ~ianaging Trusties f he achool. A year. pas ed., we became warni and intimate friend and always hn full and complete -:~n.fia..en~e 'in each other. In spi e f his e rer increasing P9Ji i al a i.itie JJe :uway cheri ed kind thoughts and g od wi 11(; for this i'ilsj;itution his firs love, We passed toze .her man.y au anxious day in - facing a nnm ber of rying situation in the onward career of this hoot Lnever found him perturbed or wanting jIl Qonrage at critical times-a rare quality in those born in purple.

, .T~e unfortunate partition of OUT country deprived us of his fostering patronage in [947; and his sud, en demi e a the hands of an a sassin a few mon II 30"0 grieved us most profoundly .

.:7';;is lye 0/ rnoriai .breath

55 but a ncburb .0/ f he f"~ er!lst'c:n~ Whose poria.! zue chal £.

( .f}orJ9/dfow)


l 31 ]


(3is~ and '1Rof( 9.1mrtber of the 1-iigh. clPchoof <eahdick:£es 1952.

1. Muzaffar Husain 65591
2. Amir Abba 65582
3. Mohd. Zafar 65589
4. Ali Hasnain I 65580
5. .Ali Hasnain II 65581
6. Shabbir Ahmad I ~55~2
7. Shabbir. Ahmad IT 65593
Zee han Ali 655H4c
9. Mohd. Jamil 65586
10. Mobd. bne Juffar 655 5
II. N aseem Ahmad 65590
12. Iohd. 1\1 u Lim 65587
13. Mol d. Jlus ehsan G5588
14. llahmood Ali I 65584
15. Mohd. Hameed 65613
I6. lohd. Hasnain 656l4:
17. Ghulam Abba 65616
18. Ze hir Alam 65618
19. Mond. Shamim 65598
20. Mumtaz Ahmad 65599
21. Shakil Ahmad 6560~
22. Tauqir Abbas 65605
23. Iuzaffar Ali 65601
- lSLAlllA INT. COLLEGE . [ 32 1 M.AGAZL~, M. ~AGAR •
24. Shahid Husain 65603
25. Hanif Ahmad 655:95
26~ Muni:rnzzaman 65&00
27. Iqbal Ahmad 65596
28. Days Nand harma 65609
29. Mahmud Ali IT 6561]
30. Prem Praka h "\ aish ... 65615
31. Radbey Shiam 65602
32. Mohd. AsgWf (5612
33. lHasood Ahmad 6'-597
34. B-hoop ingh 65608
35. Firdaus Mohd. . .. 65583
36. Zinul Islam 65606
37. Mohd. Amir ... 65iH7
38. J ai Deva Singh ... 65'610
-$o$- J


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