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R.Senthil Kumar, Senior Lecturer, KCT,Coimbatore-06. firstname.lastname@example.org
. The technology has progressed so that manufactured fibers and their products surpass natural fibers in many aspects. revolutionary changes have been occurring at an unprecedented rate in science and technology with a profound impact on our lives.New Paradigm Since the 19th Century. Textiles can now be designed for specialized applications.
Can the skin -a smart material. and can intelligently function with environmental stimuli. ambient conditions.etc. .Smart Technology We are inspired to mimic nature in order to create clothing materials with higher levels of functions and smartness.be mimicked? The skin has sensors that can detect pressure. pain.
memory-shaped and environment-responsive textiles. Smart Textiles are no longer a science-fiction fantasy. chemical. magnetic or other sources. such as those from mechanical. . and anti-insomniac micro-fibers are there in the market.What are Smart Textiles? Smart materials and structures can be defined as the materials and structures that sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli. electrical. self-cleaning carpets. thermal. For example.
Types of Smart Materials Smart Materials Active Passive Very smart .
react and adapt themselves to environmental conditions . Very smart materials: These materials can sense. Passive smart materials: These materials can only sense the environmental conditions or stimuli. Active smart materials: These materials will sense and react to the environmental conditions or stimuli.
Smart Materials phase change materials thermochromic materials shape memory alloys and polymers conductive fibres and yarns piezoelectric resistance biomaterials light-emitting polymers light-emitting diodes fibre optics photovoltaics and solar cells Contd… .
Contd… photoluminescence photochromic materials holography plasma technologies nano technologies for fibre and fabric coating micro encapsulation for therapy delivery global positioning and wireless communications radio frequency identification (RFID) tags micro-electronic mechanical systems (MEMS). .
Durability HIGH PERFORMANCE Appearance Retention Comfort Protection Engineered/Smart Textile Materials Sustainable Resource No Environmental Harm Safe Human Use .
Trigger or Stimuli Sensing The sensors provide a nerve system to detect signals CONTROLLING Processing The processor analyzes and evaluates the signals Response or Action Actuation The actuators act upon the detected and evaluated signal either directly or from a central control unit .
auto clean filters Work wear high visibility. movement sensing. smart driver seat. temperature sensing. gas Consumer Danger warning work wear (heating suite. sensing. surroundings customisation .functional inks active material lab trials design & simulation screen printing fabric curing ink jet printing MEMs on fabric MEMs Functions Applications Drug delivery Mechanical action Lightin g Sensor Medical Transport Smart bandage. Auto sterilization uniform Active monitoring underwear Luminous cabin. alarm sounder Massage and cooling/heating armchair Luminous wall.
Smart Textiles . . in a way that illuminates the full silhouette of a person.Protection A technology has been created to convert proprietary materials into miniature reflectors that. reflect oncoming light. They can be imbedded into the weave of almost any fabric. the treated fabrics are indistinguishable from untreated fabrics. bicycle or any other object. such as automobile headlights. During the day. when imbedded into fabric by the millions. The end result is a fabric that remains soft to the touch and retains its function and fashion. The reflectors are smaller than a grain of sand and finer than a human hair.
Thermal Performance Enhancing Fabric Hydroweave® provides extraordinary protection against heat. and helping to maintain the core body temperature in high-heat environments It is a three-layer design that combines special hydrophilic and hydrophobic fibers into a fibrous batting core. The batting is sandwiched between a breathable outer shell fabric and a thermally conductive. inner lining. actively cooling the wearer through evaporation. .
and rescue teams. the Smart Shirt can monitor the health and safety of public safety personnel/victims trapped in a building or underneath rubble with the ability to detect the exact location of victims through positioning capability. .Detection of Vital Signals Smart Shirt System firefighters. Used in conjunction with a wireless-enabled radio system. police officers.
. The two functions are truly separated within the fabric. It also has a hydrophobic finish that repels water and dirt. which remains highly breathable. and evaporating it quickly on the face. Flash dried fabrics uses a special process to apply a hydrophilic finish on the back that wicks perspiration away from the body.Flash Dried Fabrics Flash dried fabrics retains water resistance on the face of a fabric and increases wicking on the back. spreading it over the fabric.
smart features may be added and supported by the matrix formed .3-layer interlock woven structure Multi-layered woven structures can increase thermal and fire protection by adding controlled air gaps. They can be tailored to provide other features such as an anti-static system. and physiological comfort air gaps 5-layer interlock woven structure In a structured layered system.
Global Positioning System (GPS) Textiles integrated with sensory devices driven by a GPS can detect a user’s exact location anytime and in any weather. . Interactive electronic textiles with integrated GPS enhance safety by quickly locating the wearer and allowing the suit to be heated. GPS can provide added safety for firefighters and emergency personnel by facilitating offsite monitoring of vitals.
enabling a warning signal to be displayed or sent. and pulse oximetry readings. a flashing red light. for example. respiration. The sensors can monitor heart rate. . a FLED would automatically display. If vital signals were below critical values. and a wireless communication system could send a distress signal to a remote location. temperature.Warning Signaling A combination of sensors and small flexible light emitting displays (FLED) can receive and respond to stimuli from the body.
these currents can transmit data at speed equivalent to a 2400-baud modem. and control signals within the user’s personal space and remote locations. . power. hands-free communication Fabric area networks (FANs) enable electronic devices to exchange digital information. FANs use wireless RF communication links using currents measuring one nanoamp.Wireless.
There are six sensors for measuring the outside temperature and four for measuring the inside temperature. . microcapsules with a substance which changes phases from solid to liquid and back.Smart Technology in Snow Clothing PCMs are materials containing. either in the fibre or in the coating. according to a certain temperature range.
Smart textiles for monitoring pregnancy Automated diagnosis mode monitors both the maternal and fECG using recordings of eight leads. .
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