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State of the Agriculture in Somalia and Possible Future Intervention Strategies

State of the Agriculture in Somalia and Possible Future Intervention Strategies

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Published by SATG Filsan
Dr. Hussein Haji gave this presentation on behalf of SATG at the Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa conference in Washington, DC.
Dr. Hussein Haji gave this presentation on behalf of SATG at the Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa conference in Washington, DC.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: SATG Filsan on Jun 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/17/2012

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State of the Agriculture in Somalia and Possible Future Intervention Strategies

Presented To: Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa Washington DC, April 29, 2010

Overview

About SATG 
   Goals Mission Membership Activities

Overview
‡ About SATG 
Goals  Mission  Membership

‡ Current State 
South Central  Somaliland  Puntland

Overview

‡ About SATG 
Goals  Mission  Membership

‡ Current State ‡ Future Strategies 
South Central  Somaliland  Puntland  Public private Partnership

About SATG
‡ A registered non-profit association of Somali professionals and friends of the country ‡ Dedicated to assisting in the reconstruction of Somalia and its agricultural heritage

SATG Mission
‡ To strive for peace and prosperity through sustainable agricultural development

About SATG
Membership
Multidisciplinary team consisting of highly qualified and experienced professionals 
      Crop improvement and biotechnology Crop production, protection and soil management Farming systems and technology transfer Water resource management Animal and food science Livestock, environment and agro-forestry Agriculture engineering, economics and policies

Activities
I. Documentation of historic information on plant genetic resources in Somalia Introduction and evaluation of improved varieties

II.

Activities
III. Phosphorous (P) intervention. P was identified as the single most important factor limiting crop production in dryland agriculture of the Bay Region

Activities
IV. Seed Multiplication

Activities
V. Post harvest Losses

Traditional grain storage system

Introduction of new technology

Activities
VI. Training of Trainers 
    Seed intervention Trials and demo plots IPM Crop management practices Post harvest and storage losses

Activities
VII. Monitoring and Evaluation

State of Agriculture in Somalia

State of Agriculture in Somalia
1. Past 
Public Institutions 
    Academic Institutions Research Extension Seed multiplication Regulations and policies 

Agriculture Development programs-Public 
Agriculture development Corporation (ADC)  Rice project  BRADP-sorghum  Sugar Cane Project  Cotton  Fruits and vegetables  North West Agriculture Development Project 

Private Institutions 
Agro dealers 

Public private partnership 
Banana project

State of Agriculture in Somalia
2. Present-since 1990
‡ Dominated by INGO s
± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± FAO CINS CEFA AGROSPHERE CONCERN SAVE THE CHILDREN GTZ CARE Horn Relief

Nairobi, Kenya

State of Agriculture in Somalia
Limitations ‡ Remotely present ‡ Short-term and lack of support for long-term programs ‡ Staff turn over and loss of institutional memory ‡ lack of sustainability agriculture interventions ‡ Lack of experienced professionals and effective coordination mechanism

State of Agriculture in Somalia
Activities ‡ Seeds, inputs and tools distribution ‡ Rehabilitation of canals and construction of shallow wells ‡ Post harvest and storage losses ‡ Training-Farmer Field School ‡ Livestock-vaccination and trade ‡ Develop market strategies ‡ Formation of Farmers associations ‡ Cash for work

State of Agriculture in Somalia
Production Constraints ‡ Drought ‡ Diseases and insects ‡ Lack of quality seed and inputs ‡ Poor management practices ‡ Poor infrastructure ‡ Lack of agriculture services ‡ Lack of marketing system ‡ Lack of storage and processing facilities

State of Agriculture in Somalia
Insects and Diseases

Agriculture System in Somalia
3. Future ‡ Status quo until peace, security and a working government are restored. ‡ A move towards sustainable agriculture development irrespective to the current conditions on the ground. How?

Agriculture System in Somalia
Future
Who are the stakeholders?  Farmers, commercial buyers, consumers, input suppliers, seed producers, International NGOs, TFG What type of technical support is available?
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ CG Centre SATG Regional research Centres Academic institutions-regional and international

What kind of resources are available on the ground?
‡ Local NGO s (South central, Puntland and Somaliland) ‡ Somali Universities (South central, Puntland and Somaliland)

Agriculture System in Somalia
Future-a practical example ‡ Seed intervention
± Technical support group (SATG, CG centres and academic institutions) ± Evaluation team (existing universities in South Central, Somaliland and Puntland) ± Technology transfer (NGO s) ± Seed multiplication (formation of seed growers) ± Seed certification (SATG in collaboration with CG centres)

Agriculture System in Somalia
Success Stories ‡ Agriculture
± Sesame ± Lemon
Being exported to middle Eastern Countries

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Telecommunication Airline industry Banking system Community supported academic institutions

Thanks

The future belongs to those who plan today

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