Overview of AXE-10 System

BY: SUKH DEV RAJ D. E. ( AXE-10)

1

INTRODUCTION
E-10-B gave tremendous boost to telecom N/w .E-10-b have excellent grade of service Yet it is failed in a no. of occasions in metro cities created a no. of problem. The main reasons are 1. Lower BHCA--1,90,000 2.No support of ISDN & CCS#7 Max capacity of a TAX< 10K.
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SALIENT DESIGN FEATURES OF AXE-10
-SPC -PCM-TIME DIVISION SWITCHING(DIGITAL SWITCHING)-DUPLICATED CENTRAL PROCESSOR (CPs) HOT S/B MODE -REGIONAL PROCESSORS(RPs)OFF LOADS THE CP BY PERFORMING TASKS OF SIMPLE REPETITIVE NATURE. -FUNCTIONAL MODULARITY--ADVANTAGES - SMOOTHER, QUICKER HARDWARE EXTENTION -SYSTEM UPGRADATION IS EASIER. -NEW FUNCTIONS EASILY INCORPORATED -ONE SYSTEM FOR ALL APPLICATIONS

3

FUNCTIONAL HIERARCHY
AXE-10 CONSIST OF 2 MAIN PARTS: 1. 2. APT : TELEPHONY PART , FOR SWITCHING CALLS APZ : CONTROL PART ,FOR CONTROL & PROCESSING OF DATA. BOTH APT & APZ USE HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE. APT IS DEVIDED INTO SUBSYSTEMS NAMELY SSS, TSS, GSS,OMS, CCS,TCS, SUS etc. EACH SUBSYSTEM PERFORM WELL DEFINED FUNCTION AND HAS No.OF FUNCTION BLOCKS. EACH FUNCTION BLOCK HAVE FUNCTIONAL UNITS. SOME OF THE SUBSYSTEMS ARE REALISED IN S/W AND OTHERS IN H/W & IN S/W. APZ IMPLEMENTED IN HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE AND DEVIDED INTO SUBSYSTEMS NAMELY CPS, MAS( MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEM) FMS, SPS, DCS, etc. S/W (PROGRAMS & DATA) OF APT IS STORED IN APZ HARDWARE ( PROGRAME STORE AND DATA STORE)

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FUNCTIONAL HIERARCHY OF AXE-10 APT SUBS SWITCHING EQUIPMENT
APT-TELEPHONY PART OF AXE(PCB) APZ-CONTROL PART OF AXE (S/W) BHCA VALUES OF 4 APZ AREAPZ210—144,000 BHCA APZ211--150,000 BHCA APZ212—800,000 BHCA APZ213—11,000 BHCA

TRUNKS

COMPUTER

APT APZ
STORE CONTENT
5

APZ

APT SUBSYSTEMS:
SUBSYSTEMS REALISED IN BOTH H/W AND S/W 1.SSS:HANDLES TRAFFIC TO AND FROM SUBS. CONNECTED TO THE EXCH. 2.TSS: HANDLES SIG. & SUPERVISION OVER JUNCTIONS TO THEIR EXCH. 3. GSS: SET UP ,SUPERVISES,CLEARS CONNECTIONS THROUGH GS. SELECTION OF A PATH TAKE PLACE IN THE S/W. 4. OMS: FUNCTIONS RELATING TO STATISTICS AND SUPERVISION. 5. CCS:FUNCTIONS FOR SIG. ROUTING SUPERVISION AND CORRECTION OF MESSAGES SENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH CCITT No.6 & 7.

SUBSYSTEMS CONTAINING S/W ONLY
1.TCS(TRAFFIC CONTROL SUBSYSTEM) : CENTRAL PART OF APT AND DOES ALL THE FUNCTIONS PERFORMED BY AN OPERATOR IN A MANUAL EXCH. FOR SETTING UP , SUPERVISION, CLEARING OF CALLS, SELECTION OF O/G ROUTES, ANALYSIS OF I/C DIGITS, STORAGE OF SUBS CATEGORIES etc. 2.CHS: CHARGING SUBSYSTEM– HANDLES CALL CHARGING . 3. SUS:SUBS SERVICES SUBSYSTEM—SUBS FACILITIES LIKE – ABBREVATED DIALLING, CALL TRANSFER, WAKE-UP SERVICES etc.
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TWO TYPES OF PROCESSORS
1.REGIONAL PROCESSOR ROUTINE SCANNING OF EQUIPMENTS e.g. LIFTING OF HANDSET BY SUBS.THIS IS DONE SEVERAL TIMES/SEC

SUBS SWITCHING EQUIPMENTS

RPs

2.CENTRAL PROCESSOR COMPLEX ANALYSIS AND DIAGOSTICS REQUIRING HIGH COMPUTING CAPACITY AND LARGE VOLUME OF DATA,e.g.SELECTION OF O/G ROUTES OR TRAFFIC

CP

STORE CONTENT
7

RPs ASSISTS CENTRAL PROCESSOR IN PERFORMING ROUTINE TASKS AND REPORTS IMPORTANT EVENTS OCCURING IN THE EXCH. TO THE CP ALL DECISION ARE MADE BY CP.

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AXE APZ

STRUCTURE OF THE AXE
SYSTEM LEVEL 1 APT SYSTEM LEVEL 2

FMS

SUS MCS CPS

TSS

OMS

SUB

SYSTEM

APT--TELEPHONY PART OF AXE APZ--CONTROL PART OF AXE BT--BOTHWAY TRUNK BTR--REGIONAL SOFTWARE OF BLOCK BT BTU--CENTRAL SOFTWARE OF BLOCK BT OT

BT

CSR FUNCTION BLOCK FUNCT ION UNITS
9

BTU

BTR

HW

AXE SYSTEM LEVEL 1 APZ APT SYSTEM LEVEL 2

FMS

SUS MCS CPS

TSS

OMS

SUB

SYSTEM

CPS--CENTRAL PROCESSOR SUB SYSTEM CSR—CODE SENDER/RECEIVER

BT OT

CSR
FUNCTION BLOCK

FMS--FILE MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEM HW--HARDWARE BTU MCS--MAN MACHINE COMMUNICATION SUB SYSTEM/ OMS—OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEM BTR HW

FUNCTION UNITS

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AXE SYSTEM LEVEL 1 APZ APT SYSTEM LEVEL 2

SUS FMS MCS CPS

TSS

OMS

SUB SYSTEM

OMS--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SUB SYSTEM OT--OUTGOING TRUNK SUS-- SUBSCRIBER SERVICES SUBSYSTEM TSS--TRUNK AND SIGNALLING SUBSYSTEM

BT OT

CSR
FUNCTION BLOCK FUNCTION UNITS

BTU

BTR

HW
11

HARDWARE

BTR

PROGRAM DATA

REGIONAL SOFRWARE

CENTRAL SOFTWARE
PROGRAM

BTU
DATA

INTERWORKING

FUNCTION BLOCK BT INTERWORKING OF FUNCTION BLOCK

FUNCTION BLOCK X

FUNCTION BLOCK Y (ONLY S/W BLOCK)

•INTERWORKING BETWEEN FUNCTION BLOCKS IS ONLY AT CENTRAL LEVEL
12 •DATA OF A FUNCTION BLOCK IS ACCESSED BY ITS OWN PROGRAM ONLY

AXE SUB SYSTEM SWITCHING SUB SYSYEMS(APT) GSS TSS
SYSTEM CORE

TCS

OMS

SSS MTS

CCS OPS

SUS BGS

CHS NMS

OPTIONAL SUBSYSTEM DATA PROCESSING SUB SYSTEM(APZ) CPS RPS MAS IOS

SPS

FMS

MCS

13

DCS

AXE SUB SYSTEM SWITCHING SUB SYSYEMS(APT) GSS TSS
SYSTEM CORE

TCS

OMS

SSS MTS

CCS OPS

SUS BGS

CHS NMS

OPTIONAL SUBSYSTEM DATA PROCESSING SUB SYSTEM(APZ) CPS RPS MAS IOS
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SPS

FMS

MCS

DCS

APT SUBSYSTEM HARDWARE(PCBS)

GSS

TSS

OMS

SSS

CCS

MTS

SOFTWARE (PROGRAMS + DATA )

BGS BUSINESS GROUP SUBSYSTEM

NMS

BGS

GSS

TSS

OMS SSS CCS

MTS OPS

TCS

CHS

SUS

CHS COMMON CHANNEL SIGNALLING SUBSYSTEM CHS CHARGING SUBSYSTEM GSS GROUPS SWITCHING SUB SYSTEM
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APT SUBSYSTEM HARDWARE(PCBS)

GSS

TSS

OMS

SSS

CCS

MTS

SOFTWARE (PROGRAMS + DATA )

NMS BGS GSS TSS OMS SSS CCS MTS OPS NMS NETWORK MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEM OMS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEM OPS

TCS

CHS

SUS

OPERATOR SUB SYSTEM / TCS -TRAFFIC CONTROL SUBSYSTEM

SUS SUS SUBSCRIBER SERVICES SUBSYSTEM / TSS- TRUNK AND SIG. SUBSYSTEM 16 SSS SUBSCRIBER SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM

APT SUBSYSTEM
HARDWARE

GSS TSS

OMS SSS

CCS MTS

REGIONAL SOFRWARE (PROGRAMS + DATA)

GSS TSS OMS SSS

CCS

MTS

CENTRAL SOFTWARE (PROGRAMME +DATA)

GSS TSS

OMS SSS

CCS MTS OPS TCS

CHS SUS
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HARDWARE
SUBS

SUBSYSTEM IN A LOCAL ESCHANGE
RSS SSS SSS GSS TSS CCS TRUNKS

CENTRAL SOFTWARE SSS SUS SYSTEM CORE (GSS, OMS,TCS, TSS) CHS CCS

CCS—COMMON CHANNEL SIGNALLING SUBSYSTEM CHS—CHARGING SUBSYSTEM/TSS—TRUNK AND SIGNALLING SUBSYSTEM GSS--GROUP SWITCHING SUB SYSTEM / TCS—TRAFFIC CONTROL SUBSYSTEM OMS—OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEM SSS—SUBS, SW. SUBSYSTEM/SUS—SUBS SERVICES SUBSYSTEM
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SUBSYSTEM REALISED IN HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE(APT SUBSYSTEM FUNCTIONS.)
SSS—SUBSCRIBER SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM --HANDELS TRAFFIC FROM AND TO SUBSCRIBERS (ANALOG AND DIGITAL) TSS– TRUNK AND SIGNALLING SUBSYSTEM --HANDLES SIGNALLING ON TRUNKS. --SUPERVISES CONNECTIONS OVER TRUNKS. GSS—GROUP SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM --SETS UP , SUPERVISES AND CLEARS CONNECTIONS IN DIGITAL GROUP SWITCH. CCS—COMMON CHANNEL SIGNALLING SUBSYSTEM --HANDELS CCS#7 FUNCTIONS. OMS—OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEM. --PERFORMS SUPERVISION FUNCTIONS ON HARDWARE --TRAFFIC AND SERVICE MEASUREMENTS.
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SUBSYSTEM REALISED IN SOFTWARE ONLY TCS—TRAFFIC CONTROL SUBSYSTEM --CONTROLS CALL SET UP, SUPERVISION AND RELEASE. --STORES SUBSCRIBER DATA, CIRCUIT DATA AND OTHER OFFICE DATA. CHS– CHARGING SUB SYSTEM --CALL CHARGING FUNCTIONS. SUS—SUBSCRIBER SERVICES SUBSYSTEM -- PROVIDES SUBSCRIBER SERVICES LIKE CALL TRANSFER, CALL WAITING, DYNAMIC STD BARRING etc. (OTHER THAN BASIC FACILITIES LIKE PUSH BUTTON DIALLING, DETAILED BILLING etc.)

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CPS—CENTRAL PROCESSOR SUBSYSTEM --PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION --DATA STORAGE AND HANDLING --CHANGING OF PROGRAMS

APZ SUBSYSTEM FUNCTIONS

RPS—REGIONAL PROCESSOR SUBSYSTEM -- OFFLOADS CENTRAL PROCESSOR MAS—MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEM --LOCATES HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE FAULTS IN CENTRAL PROCESSOR . IT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR MAINTENANCE OF PROCESSOR AND WORK IN CLOSE RELATIONSHIP WITH CPS. IOS—INPUT / OUTPUT SYSTEM CONSIST OF THE FOLLOWING SUBSYSTEMS SPS—SUPPORT PROCESSOR SUBSYSTEM FMS—FILE MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEM
MCS—MAN-MACHINE COMMUNICATION SUBSYSTEM 21

SUPORT PROCESSOR SUBSYSTEM Hardware is duplicated in the form of two cabinets, Node- a and node –b It communicates with all I / o devices and cp for man – machine communication, file management ETC.

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ORGANISATION OF APT SUBSYSTEM (SSS, GSS, TSS, CCS ) SUBSYSTEM (HARDWARE)
EXTENSION MODULES (EMS) EQUIPMENTS LOCATION CABINETS SHELVES (6 PER CABINET EXCEPT CP CABINETS)

MAGAZINES (ASSEMBLIES OS PCBs,1 TO 4 MAGAZINES PER SHELF )

PCBs

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SUBSCRIBER SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM ( SSS )
SSS CONSISTS OF TWO TYPES OF SWITCHES :

SSS

1.

LOCAL SUBSCRIBER SWITCHES () ALSO COMMONLY KNOWN AS LOCAL EMG; EXTENTION MODULE GROUP ):LSS

2.REMOTE SUBSCRIBER SWITCH (REMOTE EMG ):RSS ALL THE REMOTE SUBSCRIBER SWITCHWS AT A LOCATION ARE TOGETHER CALLED RSU, REMOTE SWITCHING UNIT. AN LSS OR AN RSS MAY CONSIST OF THE FOLLOWING MAGAZINES: LSM –A LSM – BA LSM – PRA SEPRM : : : : LSM, ANALOG LSM ISDN, BASIC ACCESS (2B + D ) LSM ISDN , PRIMARY RATE ( 30B + D ) SEPCIAL EQUIPMENTS FOR PRIVATE METERS ( OPTIONAL ) = 8 PRIVATE METERS CARD, ONE CARD =8 METERS. A SULTAACCS MAG. = FOR 4 LSSs . FOR SUBS.LINE TESTING AND FEEDING HOWLER TONE. A PAIR OF RPBC MAG. EVERY LSS –INTERFACE IN LSS & CP. IOSULT—IN RSS -FOR TESTING OF SUBS. LINE, GENERATION OF HOWLER TONE, FOR CONNECTION OF AN ALPFANUMERIC TML. FOR USE AT RSS;FOR MAN-M/ 24 C COMMUNICATION.

LSM – A

128 ANALOG SUBS. ( 32 LI PCBs x 4 SUBS/ PER LI )

LSM – BA

64 x (2B + D ) SUBS. (8 LIBA PCBs x 8 (2B +D ) SUBS.PER LIBA )

LSM – PRA

4x. (30 B + D ) SUBS. ( 4 LIPA PCBs x 1 ( 30B + D ) SUBS .

ONE FULLY EQUIPPED EMG OCCUPIES 3 CABINET SPACE. ONE FULLY EQUIPPED EMG CAN ACCOMMODATE UPTO 2048 ANALOG SUBS. EACH EMG CAN HAVE MINIMUM 2 PCM LINES AND MAXIMUM 32 PCM LINES TOWARDS SWITCHING NETWORK CALLED GROUP SWITCH. WE CAN PROVIDE THE REQUIRED NO. OF PCM LINES DEPENDING UPON TRAFFIC REQUIREMENTS SO AS TO FULLY UTILISE 2048 EQUIPMENTS, IF PROVIDED.
CONCENTRATION RATIO ACHIEVED : WITH 8 PCMs 16 PCMs 32 PCMs : : : 2048 : 240 i.e. 8:1 2048 : 480 i.e.4:1 2048 : 960 i. e. 2:1

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BASIC FUNCTIONS OF SUBSCRIBER SWITCHING STAGE

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

BATTERY FEED TO SUBS. LINES ( - 48 V ) OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION SCANNING ( SUPERVISION ) OF SUBSCRIBER LINES A/D AND D/A CONVERSION (CODING) CONCENTRATION OF TRAFFIC TOWARDS GROUP SWITCH RINGING CURRENT TO SUBS. TELETHONE SETS. TESTING OF SUBS LINE

8.RECEPTION OF DIGITS FROM SUBS. (DECADIS AS WELL AS DTMF ) 8.8888888 9.SENDING TONES TO SUBS./CIRCUITS. 888888 10. POLERITY REVERSAL TO CCB PCOs. EVERY LI DEVICE CAN PROVIDE BATTERY REVERSAL.
26

•16 KHz HOME – METERING PULSES ( ONLY IF SEPERM MAGAZINES ARE EQUIPPED IN THE EMG.) • TRAFFIC HANDLING CAPACITY OF RSS •16 PCMS •32 PCMs : : 494 CHANNELS ; 32 x 2 + 31 x 14 990 CHANNELS ; 30 x 2 + 31 x 30

T/S No.16 ON THE FIRST TWO PCMs OF EVERY RSS ARE RSS ARE USED FOR BUILDING UP CCS#7 SIGNALLING CHANNELS BETWEEN RSS AND THE MSU. TIME SLOT 0 ON EVERY PCM LINE IS USED FOR ALARMS AND OTHER FUNCTIONS. IN LSS, ALL 32 CHLS ON EVERY PCM USED .FOR LSS WITH 32 PCMs 1024 CHLS USED FOR TRAFFIC. NO TRAFFIC BALANCING IS REQUIRED WHILE LOADING SUBSCRIBERS, THAT IS ANY SUBSCRIBER’ S TELEPHONE NUMBER AND . EACH LSM NEED NOT HAVE A KRC BOARD. TIME SWITCH BUS AMONG ALL LSMs OF AN EMG IS USED TO SHARE TIME SLOTS ON PCMs , AND THE KRC DEVICES. THAT MEANS CHANNELS ON PCMs AND KRC DEVICES ARE AVAILABLE IN A COMMON POOL AND AS SUCH ANY CHL / KRC CAN BE USED FOR ANY CALL IN THE EMG. KRC BOARDS ARE PROVIDED ON THE BASIS OF DTMF TRAFFIC. ( ALL SUBSCRIBERS CAN HAVE DTMF TELEPHONES AND ARE GIVEN THE FACILITY BY DEFAULT UNLESS SOMEONE SAYS HE DOES NOT REQUIRE IT.) CORRESPONDING TO LI BOARD IN LSM – A , THERE ARE LIBA BOARDS IN LSM – B AND A-LIPA BOARD IN LSM – PRA.EXTENTION IN RSS, LSS, ARE VERY EASY DUE TO MODULAR FEATURE. EXTENDABLE MODULES ARE LI, 27 LIBA, LIPA, JTC / ETB BOARDS , LSM MAGAZINES.

GROUP SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM
THE FOLLOWING HARDWARE FORMS PART OF GSS 1.GROUP SWITCH 2.CLOCK MODULES 3.NETWORK SYSCHRONISATION 4.CONFERENCE CALL DEVICES 1.THE GROUP SWITCH: BUILT AROUND T – S – T – STRUCTURE IS USED MAINLY FOR CONNECTIONS FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES i. e.FOR EXCHANGE OF SPEECH,SIGNALS, DATA etc. IT CONSIST OF TWO TYPES OF MODULES : TSM : TIME SWITCH MODULE SPM : SPACE SWITCHING MODULE (THERE CAN BE MAXIMUM 128 TSMs GIVING 65536 PORTS OR TIME SLOTS. OUTPUT OF EACH TSM IS A 16-PCM MULTIPLEX WHICH IS CONNECTED TO AN SPM AS A HORIZONTAL. THIS SO CALLED HORIZONTAL ACCOMODATES 512 TIME SLOTS BUT EACH OF 244 NANO SEC. THUS ONE FRAME OF THIS PCM MULTIPLEX IS EQUIVALENT TO 16 CONVENTIONAL PCM FRAMES OF 125 MICROSEC. EACH . EACH TIME SLOT CARRIES 10 BITS: 8 OF SPEECH OR DATA , ONE FOR PARITY AND ONE AS A PLANE SELECT BIT. THE HORIZONTAL CARRIES SPEECH SAMPLES COMING FROM THE SUBSCRIBER. 28

Each TSM has also a vertical, again a 16 – PCM multiplex , coming from the SPMs. The vertical carries speech samples going towards the subscriber. The cross points are made between a particular incoming time slot on a horizontal connected to the SPM and the same time slot number on any vertical connected on the same SPM. ON each cross-points 10 wires are simultaneously switched through by the gates in the space module A fully equipped SPM has 32 horizontals and 32 verticals as shown in the fig. An SPM thus provides 16384 incoming and 16384 outgoing Time slots and a group switch with with such an SPM is called 16-K group switch. The exchange can be expanded by adding SPM modules such that we have square matrix of 1x1, 2x2, 3x3 , or at the most 4x4 SPMs. A group switch of optimum size is indicated in the fig. The arrangement shows that any timeslot on any horizontal can be connected onto any vertical of the whole group switch, no matter whatever be the size of the switch. The number of TSMs will depend on the number of PCM lines to be connected and the number of SPMs will depend on the number of TSMs. The whole group switch is duplicated in two planes – Plane A and Plane B . Both operating totally independently with no interconnection whatsoever. 29

16kMult. Pos
0 15 496 511
TSM 0 TSM 3 1

32 Mult. Pos 48 Mult. POS

64 k Mult.Pos

0 31

SPM 00
0 31

0 31

SPM 01 SPM 11

0 31

3 2 6 3 6 4 9 5

SPM 10
0 31

3 2 6 3 6 4 9 5

32 63

SPM 02 SPM 12

32 63

3 2 6 3 6 4 9 5

64 95

0 31 SPM 03 96 127

64 95

3 2 6 3 6 4 9 5

SPM 03
96 127

SPM 20
0 31

SPM 21
32 63

SPM 22
64 95

SPM 03
96 127

1536 1551 2032 2048

TSM 96 TSM 12 7

96 127 SPM

96 127 SPM

30
0 31

31

96 127 SPM

32 63

32

64 95

96 127 SPM

03
96 127

EXTENSION STEPS OF THE SPACE MODULE

30

AXE-10 will have
1 SPM s for upto 16k positions (X – points )

4 SPMs

for upto 32k

9 SPMs

for upto 48k

16 SPMs

for upto 64k (Optimum size)

31

2. CCD ( CONFERENCE CALL DEVICES ) MAGAZINE EACH CCD MAGAZINE HANDLE 10, 3 – PARTY CONFERENCE CALLS. 3. CLM : CLOCK MODULES THERE ARE THREE CLOCK MODULES IN EVERY AXE, CALLED CLMO, CLM1, CLM2. THESE MODULES GENERATE AND SUPPLY STABLE FREQUENCIES TO TSM AND SPM MODULES. 8 KHZ SIGNAL ES USED AS FRAMING FREQUENCY FOR NETWORK SYNCHRONISATION AND 4 MHZ FOR THE OPERATION ) READ/ WRITE ) OF SWITCH MEMORIES IN THE TSM AND SPM MODULES. TRAFFIC HANDLING CAPACITY CAPACITY OH GS 128 TSM + 16 SPM 128x16 PCMs = 2048 PCMs = 65,536 PORTS, POSITIONS, TIME SLOTS DUPLICATED PLANES, A & B FOR SECURITY , SPEECH PASSES ON BOTH PLANES BUT EXTRATED FROM A PLANE ONLY USUALLY.
32

ORGANISATION OF APZ
CPS , RPS PROCESSORS

SPS, FMS, MCS, DCS CPS

I / O GROUP

CENTRAL PROCESSOR, SYNCHRONOUS – DUPLICATED CP – A ( EXECUTIVE, NORMALLY ) CP – B ( HOT STANDBY NORMALLY ) PROCESSOR CAPACITY : 800,000 BHCA

EACH CP CAN HAVE UPTO 128 RP HANDLER i.e. 1024 RPs MAXIMUM CAN BE EQUIPPED IN THE EXCHANGE.
33

TO / FROM RP

APZ 212

TO / FROM RP

CP-A

RPH UMB-S SPU UMB-1 IPU MAU PS DS

CP-B RPH

SPU

IPU

DS

RS

RS

PS

CP-A---CP A—SIDE, CP-B----CP B SIDE, DS—DATA STORE, RS— REGIONAL STORE, PS---PGOGRAM STORE, IPU--INSTRUCTION PROCESSOR, MAU—MAINENANCE UNIT, RPH—REGIONAL PROCESSOR HANDLER,SPU—SIGNAL PROCESSOR , UMB-1---UPDATING AND MATCH BUS FOR IPU, UMB-S---UPDATING AND MATCH BUS FOR SPU 34

TO / FROM RP

APZ 212

TO / FROM RP

CP-A

RPH UMB-S SPU UMB-1 IPU MAU PS DS

CP-B RPH

SPU

IPU

DS

RS

RS

PS

TO MINIMISE HARDWARE FAULTS TWO IDENTICAL CP OPERATING SYNCHRONOUSLY EACH HAVING THEIR SRORES ARE PROVIDED. BOTH EXECUTE SAME PROGRAMS. A—SIDE IS EXECUTIVE AND B SIDE IS HOT S/B . RPs RECEIVE ORDERS FROM A SIDE. NO REDUCTION IN CAPACITY IF ONE SIDE STOPS WORKING. AFTER A SIDE HALTED AND REPAIRED IT RETURN TO OPERATION IN PARALLEL WITH THE FAULTLESS SIDE 35 DATA ARE TRANSFERRRED FROM EXECUTIVE SIDE TO REPAIRED SIDE .

TO / FROM RP

APZ 212

TO / FROM RP CP-B RPH

CP-A

RPH UMB-S SPU UMB-1 IPU MAU PS DS

SPU IPU RS PS

DS

RS

AFTER UPDATING A—SIDE IS EXECUTIVE AND B SIDE IS S / B. BOTH SIDES RECEIVE SAME INFORMATION FROM RPs , THEY WILL CONTAIN EXACTLY THE SAME DATA AND DO EXACTLY THE SAME WORK. RPH– HANDLE UPTO 128 RPs . AND UPTO 4 RPHs CAN BE CONNECTED. SPU—PREPARE THE WORK FOR IPU (INSTRUCTION PROCESSOR) . THUS IPU PERFORM PROGRAMS. IPU—EXECUTE PROGRAMS AND SPU TELLS IPU THE ADDRESS AT WHICH IT SHOULD START EXECUTING THEM, IPU HAS ACCESS TO STORES. 36 MAU—INITIATES TESTS IN BOTH SIDES IN CASE OF FAULT. MAU ALSO DECIDES WHICH SIDE TO BE EXECUTIVE.

RPS
THERE CAN BE UPTO 1024 REGIONAL PROCESSORS IN THE EXCHANGE. EACH RP PAIR HANDLES : 2 TO 16 EMs ( EXTENSION MODULES ) EACH PAIR WORKS ON LOAD – SHARING BASIS. GENERALLY ONE RP HANDLES EVEN – NUMBERED MODULES AND ITS TWIN HANDLES ODD – NUMBERED MODULES.

IOG – 11B
THERE ARE 4 CABINETS IN THE IOG SUPPLIED TO INDIA. TWO OF THE CABINETS ARE CALLED NODE – A AND TWO NODE- B THE DIMENSATION OF EACH CABINET IS : 0.79 m(W) x0.4m(D)x2.135m(H) THE HARDWARE OF IOG INCORPORATES THE EQUIPMENTS FOR SPS, FMS, MCS.
37

MAN – MACHINE COMMUNICATION SUBSYSTEM THE FOLLOWING HARDWARE AND THEIR RELATED SOFTWARE FORM PART OF MAN – MACHINE COMMUNICATION SUBSYSTEM. -ALARM PRINTER -ALARM DISPLAY PANEL -ALPHANUMERIC TERMINALS ( AT ) : 32 PORTS PER IOG - 11B ; 16 ON NODE A & 16 ON NODE B . -PC RELIABILITY ASPECTS OF AXE SYSTEM OPERATIONAL RELIABILITY IS ENSURED THROUGH HARDWARE DUPLICATION AND ON- LINE SUPERVISION AND CORRECTIVE ACTION. DUPLICATED HARDWARE : CENTRAL PROCESSOR, SUPPORT PROCESSORS IN IOG , REGIONAL PROCESSORS, BUSES ( EMB, RPB, TSB, EMRPB ), SIGNALLING CHANNELS FOR SIGNALLING BETWEEN RSS AND CP , GROUP SWITCH : A – PLANE& B – 38 PLANE,WORKING INDEPENDENTLY, HARD DISKS, MTUs

SUPPORT PROCESSOR SUB SYSTEM
SPS IS BASED ON APN – 167 SUPPORT PROCESSOR. HARDWARE IS DUPLICATED IN TWO CABINETS – NODE – A AND NODE – B . IT COMMUNICATES WITH I / O DEVICES AND CP FOR MAN – M/C COMM. FILE MANAGEMENT etc.

FILE MANAGEMENT SUB SYSTEM:
HARD DISK 600 MB. 2 / NODE. IN RECENT SWITCHES SINGLE 1.2 GB DISK/NODE FLOPPY DISK DRIVES (1.2 MB ) / NODE MAG. TAPE UNITS – 2 USED FOR -EXTRACTING DETAILED BILLING CALL METER DUMPING ON MAG. TAPE -NEW FUNCTION BLOCK LOADING, INITIAL SYSTEM LOADING . -(TAPE TO DISK.), TAKING SYSTEM DUMP.(DISK TO TAPE)
39

BUILT – IN CHECK FUNCTIONS FOR ON – LINE SUPERVISION OF HARDWARE : ON DECTECTING FAULT, UNIT IS BLOCKED WITH SWITCH OVER TO ,FAULT FREE UNIT.

40

Logical System Architecture
Application Module AM Protocol s Application Module AM

Application Service Interface Provides access to shared system resources
Application Platform

System Interface System Platform

Figure 2.8 41

Existing Source System XSS

The AM concept system Architecture
Protocols A Application A Module AM Protocols Application Module AM APSI APSI

Application Part of XSS Application Platform Part of XSS Resource Module Platform RMP

System Platform APZ

Figure 2.9 42

AXE 106 Product Structure
AXE

AM

RPM

XSS

APZ

System Modules (SMs)

Figure 2.10 43

APPLICATION MODULES
An AM may only inter work with other AMs and the XSS via
AM protocols, using communication services made available in the RMP.

 AMs must be independent of the internal contents of other
AMs.

Protocols must never convey information of an internal
nature of an AM.
44

APPLICATION MODULES
 Improved design- For each individual AM to be designed, the most suitable software structures, solutions & techniques can be used  Co-ordination-The impact of new applications on existing ones can be kept to a minimum & there is good co-ordination between old and new applications.  Portability- Portability of applications between systems and markets is possible.
45

The benefits are

APPLICATION MODULES
 Improved design- For each individual AM to be designed, the most suitable software structures, solutions & techniques can be used  Co-ordination-The impact of new applications on existing ones can be kept to a minimum & there is good co-ordination between old and new applications.  Portability- Portability of applications between systems and markets is possible.
46

The benefits are

APPLICATION MODULES
The following functions belongs to the AMs or the XSS:

 Application related functions
 Subscriber services  Traffic control

 Functions with extensive market variations
 Charging output  Subscriber services

 Functions where network capabilities are required
 Routing to subscriber
47

RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
The RMP is defined as a “collection of resources”. These resources are necessary for :
The introduction of AM based applications The support of AM based applications

48

RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
 The RMP is “a set of rules” how to communicate with XSS or between AMs.  AMs communicate with one another or with the XSS via the “communication services” included in the RMP. The main reason for having an RMP is to provide a “location for shared system resources
49

RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
The RMP consists of the following subsystems :
Connection Connection service subsystem (COSS)
which permit the user (XSS or AM) to establish switched connections Controls 64 kbps transmission connections on a per call basis. Co-ordinates the use of physical switch resources, like channels, conferencing, digit sending / reception,etc.

 Communication service subsystem (COMS)
The control and co-ordination of inter-AM communication, that is, communication between AMs in the same physical node.
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RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
Charging service subsystem (CHSS)
Charge unit generation and timing

Group switching subsystem (GSS)
The main switching functions within the group switch.

 Extended switching subsystem RMP-located (ESS-R)
Multi junctors (MJ) Announcement equipment.

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RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
Charging service subsystem (CHSS)
Charge unit generation and timing

Group switching subsystem (GSS)
The main switching functions within the group switch.

 Extended switching subsystem RMP-located (ESS-R)
Multi junctors (MJ) Announcement equipment.

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RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
 Common channel signalling subsystem (CCS)
 The message transfer part (MTP)  The signalling connection control part (SCCP)  The transaction capabilities application part (TCAP)

 Operation and maintenance subsystem RMP-located (OMS-R)
 Administration and maintenance of digital paths  Connection performance test of the group switch.

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RESOURCE MODULE PLATFORM (RMP)
 Common channel signalling subsystem (CCS)
 The message transfer part (MTP)  The signalling connection control part (SCCP)  The transaction capabilities application part (TCAP)

 Operation and maintenance subsystem RMP-located (OMS-R)
 Administration and maintenance of digital paths  Connection performance test of the group switch.

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Application Platform Service Interface (APSI)
 The resources implemented in the Application Platform are defined as services and described in an interface called APSI.  The objective of APSI
 A generic interface which may be used for AM based applications world-wide  Allow easy portability of AMs between systems.
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EXISTING SOURCE SYSTEM (XSS)
 The XSS is an SM which contains most of the existing application (APT) functionality.  The XSS appears to other AMs as an AM.  The XSS communicates with AMs via AM protocols.

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EXISTING SOURCE SYSTEM (XSS)
The reasons for maintaining the XSS are:

 Redesign of existing products is kept to a minimum.  Reuse of the XSS ensures that the stability and quality of existing products are maintained.  The cost of redesign of the existing market products is avoided.
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THANK YOU

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