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IS IT ?. /


6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.



IS IT ?. /


6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.



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Published by: mannalinsky888 on Jun 06, 2010
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I..ooldnll· ~lau~




sr .0. B1U.UMONT

,.IlNIII1"iR ot ~ ~O:F pUC£.



I..ooktng· ~lauu










: THE REY. J:VILLI.AM LAW. ..4 .. M-


IN the darkest ages of Romish s~persti.tioJ;l:, a . maetialspiritof zeal and·glory for the gospel; broke, forth in, kings, cardinals" bishops, monks, ;uxl fr~~ .to lead the sheep of Christ, saints, pilgrims. penitents,. and sinners of, a:U kinds, . to proceed in battle array, to. kill, devour, and drive the Turks from the land of Palestine, and the old earthly-Jerusalem.c-« These blood-thirsty ex.peditions were called holy-wan! because it was .~ght~ng for the holy .land.j t~ey were called also Croisades, because crosses and crucifixes made the greatest glitter .amongst the sharpened instruments of human murder.-' Thus under the banner of tbe-cross, went forth an-army of cln.lrcf5 wblves, to destroy the lives of those. whom the Lamb of God died on the Cross to save.

The,light which broke out at the reformation. abhorred the bloody superstitious zeal of these catholic heroes. Bttt .-markJ-What follmoted. .(fo.m this new-risen, reforming: .light.-Whitt came forth iOJtead of these holy Croisadea P

B 1Vby



!hy, wan, i( I'oasible, still more diabolical., \;hristian kingdoms with blood-thirsty piety; de.troyin~.llevoliriilg. an~ burning one afiother .. for tbeaake of that which was called popery, and tfaat which was called protestantism,

, Now who can help seeing, that SATAN, the prince dc. the powen or darkness, had here & much greater ~riumph ever Christendom, than in all the holy wars, and Croisades that went before? ,For aU that waS then done. by such highspirited fighters for old Jerusalem's earth, could not be laid to be 10 much done against gosp~l. light, because not one in a thousand of -those holy WamOI'&, were allowed to see what was i. tbe gospel. But now with the gospel opened in every one's hands, papists and protestants make open war against 'every divine virtue that. belonged to Christ, or which can unite them with thal Lamb arGOD, that taketh away the sinl

. of the world :-1 iay against every divine, redeeming virtue- of the Lamb of GOD, for these aie the enemies 'which christian war conquers:: ~ for "there is not a virtue of gospel goodness, but laas its death blow from it :-for no virtue hat" any gospel goodness' \n it any farther. 'than it· hath itS birth. and growth, in and from the spirit of Christ ;wbere his nature and spirit W not, there is nothing but the heathea to be foun~ . wbich is but saying the ~me truth, aa when the. ApoStle aid, that he who ~h rwfl or ~ fWI W

.6.; the 8piri/ uf Christ, i8 none ofhil. ' .

Now railcy to 'yourSel~ -CSR16'r u, LAMB ot'

. . 008'

- ~ w ~RftIt)1t'~ 'tSOlQN6 G~.\S$ .

..... - . ...,....

~qOA after !iii d,:vinc ~iermon 071 1M moUf'!t~ pr4~ Ungmmsqf at the head of a hIood:Wr81y amy ~ tIr'ST, PAUL going forth 'With a _&quad~ Of fir~' 1IIJd' bri'1J§l(Jtll, . to 'IIl4ke,,,QTJ havock fill . fJ.nilan e~s than a ~rlrig earlllquakt ! _ :

_ - lJp t if this be too bbspheJ)tou!I an'a~rdity ~ ,,~ slipp~, what f9ilc.'~J but t~lItthe christi~ .. hq~c·~ in .rn~ qt;strgying furj oJ wac, ach. ~ . IYH COQC'~l'1.~ty to, ~~e wQole, nature aDc:l,,~n~ ,r Chrj~t, and ,;"" P.Q mpre. be AI~!id to be.led ~ bis spirit, or Il..-; one with lii.m; .~an those h~ I=!" ~lbi~~ "'h~ ~l~~fflrl" TJ!ft". siertfo. fAr!. ~_,

(q take M!'f. .

- 'Jin.d~--I?m~tap,t\,,¢~n~ &hq. ~ve l~e. gJI« '1 pf ~J~u.ght~r!Qg ~li:ml F~9:"..'! ;:a.nd ~bt;:}ri~~ f!PPs PllP18~ ,cla..,,-ni tbe ~ent ofhavlOgc;,onq~er~' !4 t~§9ps f.)f h~reti~: bu!.! lb.e cODqu~f i!; equ.~lJy great OD 99th,ides~ b9th ar~ e,t)titJ~ fa the 8arP,c via-cry; and th,eglori9ps v~4t~ "l totb ,id,~, ~ ~](~ly that of ~vipJ ~BI~ g~ ,~ gQOdn~ .eqlI~I11 UQd~F their fec;f.... .. ,-

W~l)" mo~ ~fis4Pt' ma~~ty l'*h hiS~· tholic church sings a Til: DZUH at the high.alta.r:,

fur ril'crsof PfQt~ftW.t bl~ P9ured out i or aJ;l: rfJOOgel,icaJ church Ii.ngs p~ 3-.Dd glQry to 11u;:

Lamb of~oD for helping. tMDl from hi" hoI)' tbron~ jn h.eav~nJ lo make popilh .o)Y~· Jit..- 5odoIU and O!>lDOIJ!lh., tb~y bJMpheme ~ODU Ilj.lch .~ C~in ~ouJdbay<: done, had be otferQi a sacrifice of praise to GOD, for b.eJpiJlg him .. w:

JJJunler his brother-s-Letsueh worshipersQ£ Gcm:be told,that [he. field of blood 8h'-~ all its

.a. .' slor!

. • ... ,Ri>. ILl"·g G~



«10ry .to &ltaR, who was a m6rderer from the beginning. and who w.ill,. to the end. of his. reign ... r 'be the only receiver 'bf dtl the .. glory that can

come from it ! .

A glorious Alexander in . the heathen worfd: js:' a shame .anc:l reproach to humannatu~e. and do~ more mischief to mankind in a feW" years,

. tlian all the wild beasts in every wilderness upon earth, have ever dQIJe from the beginning of the world to tms day .. But the same hero, making the,sa.me rav~ges frol.DcOUn)ry tocolln~ry~ witIi thnstlan soldiers, has more thanks from the de-vi]' than t~en'y .~agan·.Alexander:s-, would eyer have had.-To make·rnep-ki:If.;lumJ is::meat. and drink to that rearing adversary of mankind, "Wh9 goeth about seeking' whom he may devour, But to meke-christians kill christians to'r the 'sake or Christ·s churth; jS'his higheit triumph' over tb~ ~ighest maTk.,whicb Christ hath set- 1'1 pon .'tliose whom he bath purch~ by his bloOd.-l'liU £Ofnmmu:hnttlt, $lith he, I give. unhJ.!/li'I~j t'liat"yl 100000fie andtlter.-!. 'Bg thi, shall all men knu-.v ilitii· ife are my rlist!tples. 1'1. Yf l(rDe one anOther dJj. I

1urot luvt..d yott:. . .. '

Can the dut!lIist~ wl\() would. ntherllheath~ hiFf !'word in" the b'o-4vels 'of hi!: brother, than Stine'· that whldi he calls anaffiont._;_Can· he be 'said" to have this mlri'k of lli!l belonging to Christ?' ilud may not he that iii calledhis second, more' justly be ~itl to b~ sectlIiit to nOlle'· hI' the love' 01 h'tutrm tIlu.rae~?



....,.... .. .....,.... .

Now what is the- dltreiettCe between 'the .. aughty duellist with his provided second; meer.jog hisadversary witbs.word. and pistol beliina· .a hedge or a hOUR, aad twQ kingdoms wi~h their ,l\igh S:piritedregiments.~ ~laughtc:=ring one and'-ther in th.e field' of-battlel If is the difrerenee' 'fhat is: between the murder of one man,aud tl)e murder of an huiulred "wwand!

- Now imagine the duelli;st. fasting .and conf.,. $llg his sjns~o GOD to-day, becallR"ne is . eng .. ; ... ed to fight hlB brother to:-meJ1!o~: fancy llgam the ccnquerorgot into bm closet .. on hiS bended knees. lifting up his·handsandbeart to God, for blessing his weapO:U5 with the death of his bre.ther; and then you have a picture in little, '9f the great piety. tbat begins 'and ends. the wa,., all over lieavenly christ€ndom ..

WIlJlt blindness can weU be greater .. t.ban-to -tbink th.at a christian lin.gdom as such can have ·.ny other ~odnessJ ~ u,nion with Ch~t,. but . that very goodness, whigh makes the ·pm:attt 'christian to' be one wit.h him:. and a 'partaker of the divine natureP Or tbat pride. wrath, ambi ...

don .. envy, covetousness, rapine, resentment, revenge. batred.mischief an4 murder. are onfy. the works of the d"ii. whilst tbey are commit ... ted b:y private or single men, but when car .. , Tied. on _by aU the strength. and authority, aD tho ilearm, hands, voices of a whQle nation, Utnt tbe

. deVil is tbel'l . quite di-iven Q.ut of them>-.' lOs. 8 all his right and power in them, agd they '~c~e -il.alr matter M church tbanbgivin-g, and. tfle .....

. ,"red. oratory of pu1'piu. .


TIlE wAititiOft~ LOO'KnlG Gt.~:

'....,.... .............

. The temporal!l\isleries'ana ~ronB', wruchWar ~es along,with it, wberever it goes, ~re nei,ther to be numbered 110r ex pressed. Wh:tt thievery bears Ilny pr(>portio~ to that, -which with .the bo Idoas of drum and trumpet,' plunders the innocent Qr ,aU. 'bat tbey hav.e? I And if them-

, !elves are left alive, with all their limbs, or their . daughtel'lunraviBhed •. they have many times-only tbe ashes of their- eonsnmed houses to lie ~What bonor has war not gotten. 'for it. ttm of"uJU8IP1th, hundreds rif IhollSIUIl!a

, and llILLJO~ of men slaughtered on heaps. with _ lIS little regret or concern, as at loads of rubbish thrown into a pit?-Wbo but the fiery dragon, 'Would put w,reathl of laurel on -, such heroes heads? Who but he eould say unto them,JV,a done good qmlfail1tfuJ. BtTVtutls!

Bu~ there js stilt 1!ln' evil of war much greater .thougb leM regardtd.-' Who reflects, bow mlf'. ny hundreds of'tboasands, nay millions of young men, bom into this world for no other end; but tha,t· they may be horn again of Christ, and from IOns ~f Ada~ .. misery. become IOns of God, and fellow, hcin' with ebTist ,in everlasting glory i who reflects, 1 S1y~, 1vhat, nameless numbers of :thes~, are robbed of God,'s precioua gift of life to them". ,before, they have known tbe one sale benefit t)f Ih'ing,; who are not suffered·to IItay in tpm worJ<\. til) age and experience have done their best fQt: them, hav~ helped. them to know the in~ voice and b~ration of G-exl'll spirit, h.e~ t~em. to ~ .. Qd.r~ (b~ d~ cw:se, ~Da

.. _a.4~



-.fing of sift and hath, wbieh mllsfbe-takm. fro~ 'Within them, before they can die thedeath. &f 'the ri-ghteolls; but instead of all this, have been either violently forced .. or tempted 'in the fire of you.th. and fnU strength of sinful lusts, to for ... get God, eternity, and their own souls, and rush into a ldU or be killed, with. as much "haste. and. gaomieS8· of spirit, as tyger· kills tyger for the lake

of his prey, r . .

Look Rowat warringCbristendom. what sma1l:. est drop of pity. towards sinners is to he founa in it? Or how could a spirit all hellish, mort fuUy contrive to' hasten their destruetion ?-I't Iltirs up and kindles· eve,ry passion of fallen nature. that is contrary to the all-humble, all-meek. all-loving. aU-forgiving,· aU-:saving spirit of (;hrist.,-. It unites, it d'nves and compels, nameIe&'> Dum hers of unconverted sinn ers, to fall murdering and mprdered amongst flashes of fitt-. with .the wrarh and swiftness .of Jightning, into a fire infiniteJy worse ·than . that in' which they died !-Oh sad subject fo! thankSgiving days, whether in popish or pretestant churches! Fot if rhereisa joy of-all the angels in-heaven, for ene sinner tbat repenteth, what ajoy must there

. he in hell oversueh multitudes of sinners riol suffered to repent? J.And if they Who have crill" rer-ted many. '10 righteQU51I£SSJ sh"all shine as the star. in the firmament for evfJ'J what CllOrazijJ's wC:)e may they .net justly fear, whoSe proud wratH and vain glory, have robbed such nfJmberleSi ,trOops of POOl: Wfettbn,.. df an time and plaa


TO WAIlRIO!t"S LOOKING GlASS • . .....".... ... ~

or knowing What riJ?hteousnCII they' wanted, for the salvation of their iramortalliOuJs.

~(For the glory of his l\faj($ty's 1U'BllI ..... -T Christian kin" I Now if at the time, their dmrches had called. a 50Iemn omembly to unite .. arts and voices in this pious prayer, _ ,( ObJa.. •• Jed Jesus. dear redeeming Lamb cf God, whe .. ("amelt down frOlQ. heaven. tosave men's Iives, ff and not to destroy them, go along we humbly ~ pray thee. with our bomb vessels and fire ships, II .utrer not eur thundering cannon to roar iB ," vain, but let thy tender- hand of love and mer~I cy, dire8. tbdl' balls to more heads and hearts .f.,f thine o\'ln ,.N.~ed, creatures, than the ,. poer IIL.iU of 1B3n is able of itself to do !",Nu not '~'e.b pmy~rs had QI«e of the rnan qf tR.l: tJfVth, more of the Wli qf plToGil.ion in them, tAla th.e most t:hr;'itian king's. rlorying in hia • .DlS?

Apia, -veuIc! ytnJ fN1her see the fall of the uoivel'$f1l church, fr9JJ1 being led hf &:be 'spirit .r Cb,iat, to be guided by the inspirariee of tbc p~1Jl fier!l tlFagon. Look at all EUFopean em'isjerulom' sajlia, r&\lotl. the globe, with fire and nroQl, ai;Kl ev,,:q murdering art, to seize the ~OR'" _lJll the inhabitants of 60th 1111 ~. W.h3t ~tp~1 rig_htofm3Jl, what.super~ J)atur,1 virt .. ~ ~h Chi-ist br.ought down from _V~D, was not here .tr9d.den under foot i-All "$hiM you -ev~ r~ad. er ~ of heathen barbari· fY. was here. eutdoae by dil'ititian conquerOJl. ",_ to ,AiI.o...y. wb_ "tA« Atbri.u~n$ apimt



, .._.,.....~

_dt.ristians, blended with scalping heathem. still _keep,staining the earth-and the seas with bumaa 'blood, for a miserable, share in ,the spoils.of a plund~re,d heathen world! ,A, worl~.{which should have heard or seen, 0'1' felt D,?tbm-g_'froDJ: the' followers ' of: ,Christ, but a divine Jove, that had forced them from.distant lands, and'tliroitg1J, the perils of long seas; to visit &1:ran'gers~ with those glad tidings-of peace and salvation to all the world. which angels from tieaven,; and sh'eprherds on earth, proclaimed at die birth of Christ.

, -Bu t the wisdom of this world hath asked' lJle~ tlow,ifl is, possiblefor Christian kingdomsin the neighbourhood of one another, to preserve (he1Jhselves, unless the strength and ,weapons ofwat. ar~ every one's defence against such invasions, incroachments and robberies.as would otherwise Ire the fate "of ,ChristiaIi -1diig'dtil'ns b'om on. an'oiher? ,-,' I

, This question is so far &9Jl1 needing to beaniwer.e'd by me, -that it is ~olIy on my side : ii confesses all, and pr-oves all that I have said of !ne fallen ~ta,te of'Christendom, to be strictly true.-, For if this is tbegoveming spirit of chris~ian kingdoms, tbat no one can subsist in safetj tram ,i~ neighbouring chris&Ia'n kingdoms but 'by its weapons of war, are not all christian kingdoms equally in the same un,ch"isticin state; ~ two neighbouring blood.y knaoee, who cannot be ' are from.one another, -but as each others murdering arms pre<;erve and protect 'them ? ,This pI~a therefore for Christendom's wars. prove,


ms WAlllelt'. LoeKIWS eLAs's •

. ~+:..i- ' ,."

IIDthing else but the want of christianityaiJ .~ wer the christian world; and staods upon nl! fl"Hter a foundation of righteousness and go* a., than O.De murdering k~ave killing 'Qotpei,

that would have killed him. .

But to know whether chl'~stianitywan1:s~ .0( admits or war, christianity i~ to be considered. a in its right slate,-. Now the true Btare ofth, world termed christiaft, ~. thus described by tV '"at g06pet-pr?phet. who shewed what acIian~, at was to make In the fallen state of the ,",orlc:J,-=" It shall come to pass, saith 'he, in tht lq~day8, that is, inthe days ofChrish~ndo1Q! tJua 'fu tn~~ fafn qf the Lord's ~e .c his esJabl~h,d ~i:!I"'! "o~J. 8ha!L~ f:s.~~s1re,Jtn tM.,tOP,e! lfie moun'tum. "iJ"/.l9. all -riOOTins shaIl jlow InJO it: tJIld man!! flOP" shall8ay~ . let IUgo up to the moln!l4t·" it tAe Lortfs nOI18B, IJIld lie wtIlletlCh us of h18 t!JOVSI 111Id ~ 'Will 'Wfllk In his patlts. Isaiah ii.2. 3 ..

. Now \vbat follows from this going up of the nations to the mountain of the LOrd's house, from his t~chiflg them of his ~ays, and lbel; walking in. his paths? The. hqIy prophet ex .. pressly tell! roo in hi~ foHowin~ wonls :-·Thep thalllieat thqr. trWqrib into plough-8haruJand their lpear8 into pru'Hing hooks: nation s1l(~1l not lift up lTIJord (tgaitr.st fwl(Oll,:C N.R" mither &hall thtp, learn 'War any more>« This is the prophet's true Christendom, with one and the same e8S.entiaJ divitle mark set upon it, as wh~n the-Lamb 0/ ,God said, b!l Otis sluUl men krw'UJ that 11£ are mJl

tliBcilus, if yc .hft1e one anot1Jeras I hale luved yOU.i .... Chriifs


" I .

where all hurt and destroying is done away, and:

every work of enm~ty .changed into one: united. power of reigning love: the prophet tells you. It is because in the day of his kingdom, the earth maIl be full of the knOWledge of the Lord, as tlu: 'lIXllers corer the sea :-Therefore. 0 Christendom! Thy wars are diy certain proof, that thou art all 6ver-a. fitll of an ignorance of God .. as tM walers 'cover 111£ sea!

As to the present fallen irate of universal ehrisrendom, working under the spiri~ and power of the great fiery dragon, it is not my inten .. tion, in any. thing I a'!l here upon,' to ,shew how' any part of It can subsist; to preserve Itself from being .de;voured by' e'Yery other part, but by its· C?Wn dragon ~eapons.

In these last ~ges of fallen Christendom, many .r~formations have taken .place; but alas ! Tntt1\must be toreed to 'say, that they. have been in all .their variety, little better than. so many : rtm-awaj' births .of ,!ne and the same mother; ~o .~any Iessej- Babels come out of Babylon the great. _. For amongst all. the reforms, the one only tnre ref~rination hath never. yet been thought of.-A change of place,or' governors. of opinions, 'together with new formed, outward models~' is aU the reformation thathas yet been attempted .

. But the Christendom which I mean, that neither wants nos al1o"\:8 of war, is only that where Christis, king. and lii~ holy spirit the only governor of the Wills; affeilions, and designs of all

that belong to it. '.. . ,

. -tt is my complaint against, and charge upon all


~ ....... ' - . .


all ~he nations of Christendom, that this neces-

. sity of murdering' arms, is the dra.gon·s }Iloustci', that is equally brought forth by nil and every part of fallen Christendom; and that therefore all and every part; as well Popish as Protestant, are at" one and the same distance from the spirit .of their Lord and Saviour the lamb of God, and therefore .AU; WA'NT oxa AlQD TilE SAli.£ EN-"



RHVENCE and WAR are evils as 'opposite and. contrary to the spirit and doctrine of Christ; as Ught to darknes«. For, through contempt ef Christ's Law, the whole world 1s filled with various oaths, cursings, bluNpl1el111JUS profarzatiu:ns, and lwrrid petjurics; so likewise. through contempt

- of the same-law, the world is filled with i.'iulettc}e,

oppressiUTl,. murders, m:t'isl!ing of It'01n('n and ttrgins, spoilillgs. (Zepredal.ions." blU"lflilgs ,rhastaliQns JUld a 11 manner of lascivlou8ness and Ct'UtIt.lJ : so that it is strange, that men, made after the ,1m'age of God, shou Id haveso much degenerated

that they rather bear the image and nature of roaring.~I,.jons, tearing Tygers, devoudngWoh;esl and ragIng-Doars. tban rational Creaturesendued: with reason ... And it. is yet much mose ad ... mirable, that this lromt/ JI'/o.n.'fter should find.

'place, and be fom.el}.l~d ani~mg those men. that

c . prof~:


.._,,- +_,;:r-

profess themse lves di.<;?:i;-'lc.~ of our Lord and bla. ter Jesus Christ, who by his e::rcelleTlcy is called the Prince o/Peac.e. and hath expressly prohibited bis children all violence; and on the contrary, commanded them, that according to ,his -example, they should follow Patience, Charity, _ Forbearance .. and other viruies worthy of a

Christian! '

. Hear then what this great prophet saith, whom every sou) is commanded to hear, under the painof being cut oft: .ll'ht. 5. from verse 38, to the end of the chapter. For thus he saith : Ye have heard, that it hath been said, an Eye for an Eye .. and a Tooth for a Tooth: But I say unto you,

'tliat ye resist not evil; but whosoever shall .smite thee on thy right cheek, tum to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the Law. and take away thy coat, Jet him oove tqy 'cloak also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. Give to him.

. that asketh thee; and from him that would borrow, of thee, tum not thou away. 'Ye have 'beard that it hath been said, thou shalt love th;y neighbour, and hate ,thine' enemy: But 1 say uate you, love your enemies, bless them that

'curse you, do good to them that hate you, and .,pray for them which .despirefully use you~ ~nd .pel'8ctute you: that yc may bethe children of your Father .w~ch is in h~a\'en. For he makeeh .his sun to rI~ on the evil and on the good. and ,5endetb rain on rhe just...an4 on 'the unJ~st. FQI" jfy,e leve them whichJ6~eyou,:wbatTewar~have )c~ :po not even the publicaas the ~me? A;;.tl



.if.y~ saluteyour brethren only, what do you mote than others ~ . Do not the publicans so ? Be ye therefore perfetl.eveit as your·Father which is in heaven .is perfea.

, These words, with a respeA. to rerengt; as the former. in the case of 811)['(D·il'l,f;. do forbid some things, which were formerly lawful to the Je1.t.8 -. · considering their condition and dlspensation ; and command nnto such .. as will be the disclples of Christ, a more perfect, eminent, and fun sig-. nification of charityvas also patience and sufFer-

. ing, than was .require.d of them in that. time; state and dispensation, by the law or Moses: rhis is n,ot.ooly the judgment of most, if not all, the .il.ncienl Fathers (socalled) ef the first . three hundred yea.rs. after Chrisr, bu t also of rna ....

~Y otbers; and in general olall those .• who have righ.tly unders~ood and propagated the law or Chr 1St ccneernin g swearing, as appeat9 from Jus~ln .JJf.art.1fI'· in Dialog, cum Tryphe, ej usdemQ.1ue Apolog. 2 .. Item ad Zenam •... TertuJ. de Corona MiIitis, And ·m;any others,

·.Ve~ .I1.ugusllil. altho' he vary much in .this inauer~ notwithstandlng in these places he did condemnjig1i1:l"g. Epist. 158, 159, 160: It. ad :1l1d~ces Epist. 263.. And elsewhere,

". From hefllCe: it appears, that there is SO great a connexion betwixt these two precepts-of Clrrilit.· ·that as they were uttered and commanded by him at. one and the same time; so tbe same way they were. received by men of all ages, not 011-· 1y in the fint pl'omt.ilg~tion} by ·the little number of rhe disciples, but also· after the christians

c it increased

THE WAXIUOr..·!I; LOOKING GL\sS. ~+._"....

increased in the first three hundred "ears. F..-

. ~

ven also in the Apostacy~ the one was not left

and reje8:ed without the other; and now again. in the restiJWi!;n, and renewed preaching of the dernoJ gotpel, they are acknowledged as eternal and unchangeable Jaws. properly belonging to the t:l..':mfllli(·ai ,<date and pn;(ectjon thereof': f?om ,,,hid if ;lI~y withdraw, he falls short of the perfection of a Cl1'-;Il;CLIL .. llan.

And truly, the words are so clear-in themselves that (in my judgment) they need no illustration to explain their sense: For it is 3Seasy to T<:concilc the greatesicontradiEtions. as these. laWs of Our Lord Jesus Christ, with the wick.ed practices or wars; fOT they are praio'Iy iDCOnS~'i-tent. Whccyercan reconcile this,resisl note'P'7,. 'Willi, re8iil'Violmce by force ; again, give olso thy. other cheek. 'with, /itrike aga;,,"; also,loTJefhitl£l!':' -uemie«, with, apoil them, male a prey tif them pur~'1~ them wilhjire"cuul siwrd; or, pr.oyfor thoSe ilia!" ;JfnecuJe' !lOU, and those tlwt calumniate gOt" . wlth, fleJ's('cUJe .'10U by jiiJtl,imprisonmmts, tma 'death itself .. and not ,only auch,as do Dot pe;'8e-; cute yrnl, hut;clJo heartily seek and desire your 'etenml and temporal 'Uidfare.: whoever, l say, ("in find a means to reconcile these things, may. 'be. supposed also to have found a way to reeon'Ci)~ God with' the Decu, Cht'ist with .AnltchJ'iM, J'l~ht with Dorkness, and GOf}(l with Evil.. But .if thisbeimrfl*,ibl.e,3s indeed it is) so will _all ·the other be J m pos."l ble ; and men do b [J t deceive tl1em8f"lves' and orhers, ,~ihjle they bold! y advenhire to e8'ab~i!<obsuch absurd and impossible

thirig'i. Nevertheless,

TIlE WAllRJOR'S LOOKING GLASS· . . ..,..p-'_""""

. Nevertheless, because-some, pcr.ha.p~ th.r;>ugh. ulaclvl'rtcnc.'h and by the-force of CI6SlUm and tru'ditiou, do transgress this comlll4nri C!f Clll'i~·t, 1 shall briefly shew, how much 1:i.xa: doth contrad.iEt this pr.::cept, and now much th~y are inconsistent wit};} one another; a;nd,. cpnsequcntJy that 7var is no 'longs la,wful to !JlJ!;h, lU witJ oe tfle disciples of cun«. For,

First, Christ commands, that we shullld IO.I.;e our encmie«: but war, on the cantrary, teacheth

:us to bate and destroy them. .

Secondly, The Apostle. s~itli~. that .l'e 1J.'al' not after thejle~hJ and that .~ fig/It Il.ot with.flesh OJ'lti '/.Jluod.: but outward war is aecordlug to the flesh, and ag<1ins t flesh and blood : [v.r t~\e shedding

\)f the one, and destroying of the other, '.

Tbjrdly; The Apostle saith, that llu: weapo11S fir our wll'./afe are Il!Jt carn.al. hut ~l)iritual: but the weapons of outward warfare arecarnal .. such a.:i Cannoa, Musket~· Spears, Swords, &c ... of 1\'hich there is 110 mention in the Anllour de-

scribed by Pall'. . '. .

Fourthly. B.ecallS~ Jame8 testifies, thatwflr,s qJJt/ strifes come/rom the Lusts. 'OI),'u;;h saar in th« rne-!nbers qrCW'Tlat men : but christians, that i". those that are truly saints. hrwe cr«cifl;:d ihejfcl:ih wuh it{t o.!fe.cliufi.s and LUlils: Therefore they

· cannot ~Ildulge them by waging war,

Fifthly ~ Because the. Pro,p!letli Is"aiah an4 .l1:ti·~

· f~' paye,. ex.presly prophec. ted, th~t ill t: n~ou'f~ tam of t~ house qft!w·Lqrtf, Chrw ,shall J1ldge

· the naii01l8; and then they ilwll beat l~,eir 8WfJf'M tnlQPlou;,.,h{!res. &c.· And the oI/nci'cfJ,t Fi,zlhers

cl of

TIm \V.\RRroti·s. l.OOKJ!<lG G.LASS . ....:v--.~

-of the firSt three hundred veal'S after Clirist,did

·:.affirm fhcseprcphedes to be fulfilled in the «"!1Tist;:mll of their times, who were most averse from tear ; concerning which Jurdin .!rlartyr. Tcrt!dli{w. and others mOlY be seen; .which need not scernstramre to anv, since Philo JtldO!1J8 a-

. bund3ntly testifies of the Essene», that there 'WaS llQllefulln-l among them tliat W01JlrJ make inttruments of ioaT. But how much more did Jesus ~ome> )hat~e''TIlighJ. l'eef!_ !liS.fi.O .. lIO'W .. ers .. fro~I,.figllt'ug, and brinf{ them to PaliCllCe and Charily?

Sixthly, Because the Prophet foretold, that '/neTcsJ:ould none h?lrt '1l.Or kill·' in all the holy 'mollntain lItthe Lord: But outward war is appointed for killing and destroying. .

Seventhly, Because Christ said, that hI's ki1Jg(tom is no: of this world, and therefore that his ~er6{mJs· sll;U not jighl .. : Therefore these th~t

fight, are na: h.is disdplesn01' servants. .

. ~ight~Jy, ~r.nuse. he reproved Petf!T' for the use of the sword, saying, pnt up o,;nin thy SWOTd into. his pl,lee;' for nil they that take the rn.'01"d r.h~l pr.ris!l with th.e sward. Concerningwhich 'Iertullian speaks well, lib: de Idol. Hou: sluil! he fight· ~ peace lrJlthout a sword, which' the Lo~d

. did take areay 1: Jlm' altho' so/Ji('fS C(.I.mJ! to John, IL1d··recri"r..!C_d alorm of observation; if lllsf! the, Centuriun b~tle"Ot:d aflen;Jarrls~ he disarmed ndy !Mldier in. disarmingof' Peter. Idem de Coro. Jl'(iI. asketh, ,~lJaJl it be lawful to 'Use tI,t! mortl •

. the Lord.sa,yin[!., tnat he iliat useth the BU.-ord .. "hall jlf'J'"Uih by I~C' 8'"..t;orrJ 1

NinthI}" ..

THE \VARRIOR'S lOOKING GLASS. _".... . .._".....

NinthJy, Because the Apostle adm.onish~th christians, thai they defend not themselves, neither. 'f"eve Ige b!l rendering evil for (Xu,' but give place unto wrath, because ungeance is the LOrd's Be not ooercome '!f ail hut ooercome evil tei/It good. If thlne ellemy hunger, feed him, if he thirst give, him cll''ink: Burwar throughout teaeheth and in-

joineth the quite contrary. . '. "

. Tentbly. Because Christ calls his clU1dren to hear hi.(J cross, not to. crucify or kill others ; to patience, not- to 1'eve,ige; to tl'uth and slmpiicity. not to fraudulent stratagems Of war, or to pl4!J the sycophmlf, which J-07ln himself forbids j to foe tIle glory if" this world, not to acquire it A!I

warlike endeIDJOurs -; therefore war is altogether con~rary unto the law and spirit of Christ ..

BUT THEY OBJECT. that 11 ;., lawful to 'Win', kcause Abraham did war 1iifore t1le giving of th» law, qnd the Israelites after 'the giving Of the IfMD.

J ANSWER, as before, I; That AlJriJlzam offered sacrifices at that time, an"d circumcised the males: which nevertheless are hot "l~wtul for us unckp

the gospel. . .. ."

2~ That neither defensive nor offensive wilr was lawful to the ljraelileB. of their, own will, or by their own counsel or conduet : but they were obliged at all times. Jf they would. besuecessful,

first to enquire tbe Oracle of God, .

, 3. Thilt. their wars, ~gai!lst the "Wic~ed nati ... ens, were a.figure of the inward WaI- of the true . christians against their spiritual enemies,' in which.we ' overcome tb.e devil. tl\~ world, at'td 1b~·~~."

4. Some-

TllEwAnruoR's LOO~ING GL4SS1<

"""'~ ..

4. Something: is ex presly forbidden by Chris.' ~ .flfoJ, 5,26. which was granted to the Jcu:s ill . their time, because of their hardness; and QI) t.he contrary, we are commanded that sin~ulai patience . and exercise of love, which JlJ(!.fos commanded not to his disciples. From whence

· Tertulliansaith wenagait~st jllarc.. Chrijltl'lL-: '!I teaclzeth a new patience, even forhidding the rc'rJenging of an inJury, [()hich was permit/cd bytlie

· Creator. And lib. de patien. nit: laro fott.ls more tha» is [osl, by Cltrlfl.fll!f/"g, looe !Jour eJle- 11l1eS, And 'in the time of Clem. Alex, Christians were so far from wars, that he testified, ~hat they had neraarks or signs of violence amo. ns;them, saying, 1Ie.itherJr£.on/llor !Jaw to .. (heol: ·thatJiJllow pence; IWI" eup« to them, who are mode.rote fJall temperate, as Sylvius Disc, de Rer. Belg.

Se!>QI~dly J They objeEt, that defence is of Il(lturrJ rig;lli, dnd.tMJ religion drj/ro!ls HJJlllatUre, ..

I answer, be it s.o; . bu.t to obey God, and -eernmend ourselves to him in faith and patience,

· is Dot to dest roy nature, bu t to e"x.alt and r~rfea it; to wit, to -elevate it from the natura to tbe , ,s.upematuml life, by Christ living therein, and comforting h~ that It may do all things, a;nd, be

rendered more than c()nq~eror. ....

Thjrd.ly, ·T.hey akiea, th(fl John did not ab1"O-

(me or condc;mn war, wilCfl lite foldiers came un(Q . Jilin.

. Jjln~er)what tl1en~. Th( "l!les~ion is Dfitt . eoneerning ,John'$ c;loClrme but ChrijJ'~~ whese

~isc.ip.les .we are; not JOkfl',$" for Chrifl, 1UlQ: not lr/lp~ is that l'tophet. whom we o~3~lan .~o..

.. • heal'"'


. . .....,p-.~ ..

Jiear. And albeit that Christ~a'iJ, Lul.e·.7, 28. Thilt a greater than John the bqptijl ~eas not among '!len born; among tcomen ; yet he adds, iJ'1wt the leajl in the ·/...,ilgdom. of G_odia greater than he .. · But what was Joh;l's answer, that we may see,: if itean justifie the soldiers of this' time ? For. if it be narrowly minded, .it will appear, that. what he proposeth to soldiers; doth manifestly. forbidt hem that employ men t: for be commands them, Lul,e3J 14; fiot to dAJ 'Violence to any man, nor. to difraud any flunl ; .lm t that they be content ffJlik their wages, Consider then w bat he dischargeth to soldiers. pix. not to use violence or deceit against any ; which' belrig remo\'ed,'let any tell how soldiers can war? for ate not craft, a iolence and injl!ftice, .. three. properties of war,

and the natural consequences .o(battles? ..

Fourth.IY~ .Th.ley objea;. tluit Co. rnelius, anil that cCnJ1.Il'ion, Of whom t'lere ;s mention mod«, Mat. 8.5. were soldiers; and thcre ie no uzenlio.;'~·. tluzt t'1zegltiid ~oum their mzhiar!/ cmpIOY1nC71ls. v,

1 answer; neither read we, that they conti-. n.ued in them. But it is most probable, that If they continued. in the doEtrine of Christ (and we read not any where "of their fa.lling from the .faith) that they did notcontinue in them; e';' specially if weconsider, that two or three .ag~ afterwards, cltJ'(Jlimu;altogether reje8:ed war, or at least 3. long while after their time, if the Err-}leror Marc. Aunf. Anton. is to be credited, ,"vllo writes thus:-uJ praye<!- tc;>mycoilntryGoa~, but when I was ncgleHed by ·them, and cbserved myself' pressed by the enemy; considering

. ilie

'tnt WARn.t6R'S LOOKtNG GLASS .. ,


the fewness of my forces, I called to oae, .and iptreated those, who with us are called christlans; and I fO\Uld a great number of them ; and 1 foreed them with threats, ,,, .. hich, ought not to have been ~ because aftenvards I knew their strength 3J1d force. Th£refore they betQ()k themJelve8 neitJur to the t!lt of darts 'nor trumpets. FOR THEY USB !lOT so fa DO~ for thecauseand name of their 9i:ia which they bear in their consciences:" and tbis was done about an hundred and sixty years after Christ. To .this add those ~yordsj which iu·Jw'Lilt ftiartyr, the Christians' allsw'er,' IVe fiftht TJ.fJI. with our enemies.' And, moreover, tOe answer of P.ltJrtin to Jilli/.!!! the 3poi-t<l to" related by SlllpitlUs Seoerus.: ~ I am (J fold£er of Clui/l." ,therefure 1 canllotfight l wbi<:h was th.r';e

. liundred yem after CJuif!~ It is not therefore prot~le. tha.t they continued in warlike employments. How thea are Yincel11ius Lyniw'lfi~, and the 'Papifls. consistent with their maxira, Tlzllt Wht'CJl always. every fltJlere~ am/. h!l allwMo' receioed, & c. And what becomes of the Priejl.", .. ·with their ·oath, that l"hey ~eJill£r ough.t .. nqr-u;ill" .intepret. tIlt: .ft". rip/ItT, e. ~ut. accortL, ag,',' ,to, JheUJl.l~. 1!e~fal Cf)7Jftni oj thefailwrs• so ~aned.? Tor, it III' as easg to -ol!fcure t.he lim at 7nul.I/pgJ. 48 to de. ll!! that tne ·primitive t:b6sti;ms, renounced, all

Te'lJenge tuulUHU.._ _

, ADd aJbe.it this tbing be so much known to 'all;. yet it ius well known, that all the modern .HCt& live in. the neglect and contempt of this law of Christ, arullikewise oppress others, who

. ill this agree n.ot with themfor conscience sake . towards


. ~.~

towards God. j Even as we "have suffered m'oQ in our country, "because' we'neither cliIlld ourselves hear anRi, nor sead others in theirplace, no.r give oui money for the baying of drums, standards. and other military attire. And lail/y. Because we could not bald ourdoors, windows and shops 'dose, (or conscience sake, upon such

. day.s as ,FasJs and Prayers were appointed, for tl? desire a blessing ~pon, and success for the Inus of the kingdom orcommenwealth, under'

, which we live; neither give thaw for the vic-

tOl'~.·es a.cqu~.·red .by the e ffi.usi.o D .. o. f blood. By ,Whleb forcing of ,the conscienee, they would.

have constrained our brethren, living in divers

,kiDgd.~l'll;SJ at war ,toeetfier, to ~ve ,lmpJ?;r·ed our God for cOBtrary and contradu90~y thmgs, and con.sequently impossible ; for it is lmpossi-

. ble, that two parties fighting togethet .. should. ~th .. btaw the viHory. And becaase we ~nnot COI'1Cl!r with them in this -confusioD, tberef~re we are SllbjeEl to perfecution. Yea.~n'd others, who witbus do witness, that the use Gf' arms ,is ,1J.nlawfu) ~o -tlzri/(J.l.D. ns, do to. olcasq~iri.t u.pon Ui ~ But wbich Qf U6 two do most falthfuUy ebserre this testimOl1Y against arms? Either they. who .at ce-rtain limes, as me magistrale ·.8 .order j do close up their shops and houses, ~nd: nlcet in their assembly, praying for the prosperity of their, arms, or giving thanks for some vithH"y or o-ther. whereby they.make them ~ wlvf:S.like'to those that approve- wars aTld,1i.~htir:r.g; Or we, which cannot do tl:iese t~jngs" frir ~hc: same cause of onnsclence, lest we"hdtrld de-




strey by our works. what we establitoh in words ; we shall leave to the judgment of an prudent men.

Fifthly, They obje8:; That Chrtfl, Luke 22. 36. JpeakingJo llis difcipks, commands them, that he that then had flot a fworti,jholild fell his coat, .and buY a Jwotd: t1u:rifore. say they. anna' are lawful.

I answer; some indeed understand this of the tJUtw(i.rd. Jwortl f nev~rthelessregarding. 01'.1 y 'that Occasion: otherwise judging, . that christians are prohibited wars under the gospel. Among: which is Ambrofe, who upon this place speaks. thus: ' r< 0 Lord! Whycommandestthou me to buy a. sword,' _\"ho farbidest me to smite with it?" \\'hy commarfdern thou me to have it, whom thou prohibitest to draw it? Unless perhaps a defence be prepared. not a necessary reveng,..; and that I 'm;ay seem to have been able to revenge, but that I would not. For the Ja'~ forbids me to smite again;' a.nd·therefore pe'rh.ps he' said to Peter, . otrering two swords" .( It is ellou8'h) as jf it bad been lawful. until the gospel times, that in the law there .might be .. learning of equity. but in the gospel a perfee-, tion of goodness." ~then judge. Christ to have spoken here mystically, and nol according to

. the letter; as Origm upon. Mat. 19 .. saying. If

DJI."!} looking to the leiter, and not underBtaliding the '/kill if_the .word.~,jhallilell.hil bodily garment, and ~lIg a fu;qrd~ takillg the u.wdI oj CJ,rijl contr1Jl'flto lIis wiU. ,he foall perifo: 'lmt concerning wIdell pard I1e .fpe-okll, is not proper hire to mtnlilm.

" ~.


... ....,....._".... .

. A.~ tryliy.when we consider the ·an$'Wer .of the disciples. Maflf!F. ~Ilold here are two/worth j. understanding it of outward swordi:: and again, .Christ's answer. It is et_lOu,gk; it seems, that Christ would Itot tlpt the rest, who bad not lVfords. (for. they had only two swords) should. sell their CQatB. and buy an outward . sword:

Who.can think.. that mauersstanding thus, he: .should have said, ,two. fNS erwugh ? B.ut hewever it is sufficient, that tbe use. of arms .is un-:Jawful under the gospel.

Sixthl y ~ they obj ea; . That ale ji:riptures ant! old fatllers (socalled) . did anly prOhibit. privatt: ~rt'Venjje, ".ot tIre ~!fo of arms,.for tIle defence oj o~ .countrg,bqdg •. Wives, clUldrmand gouds, when the magijfroJe commands it; jeelfqr. the nuzgijlr.tit~ ought to he obcym: thel-qore. albeit it be 'U1Ila71J.ful for private flieR to do it 'of themfelveB, nevt'I·tlu/,fs

. Jhe!l are hound to dQ it 6g ,Ihe command of.tJiF

~(jlrtde -. '. .'

· '. l aos1Yer; if the .magistrate be truly " c~ris.":'

· tian, or desires. to be-so, he ought ~im~elf i'il

· .the first place to obey the. command of .hi~ mas·.:f~r. saying, kJre !lour enemies, «c. £TId then he

c'ould not command. us to kill them ~ but'" if he :be not' a true ehristian, then ought we' to .oIrey pur· Lord and King, Jcfos Clrrljl. whon;t I,e .ought also to obey.: for in:. the kingd;om'orChr~f~ ..

· all ought to submit to his la~s, from ~h~ high; est. to the, lowest, that is, flom the J(iqg -to the Beggar, and from c,(pjar .to tJ:!.e Ctowi, But alaS-! .here shall we find such an obedience? 0 deplorable fall ! Concerning ~hic~ LUdov. Yi:';,

. .g .. ' wnt~·


.._",..... ... ~

writes wen, lib. de ron. "flit. ChriJl. fUb.·Ture. by relation of FredericUl Sylrh.f1J, Disc .. de Revel Belg. p. 85. uThe prince enter'd into the church 1l0tasa true and plain ehristian, which bad been 'most happy and desirable-; but he brought in ''lith him his nobility, his honours, his ARMS, his ensigtrs,his triumphs,· his haughtiness, his pride, his superciliousnessr t1urt is, he came in'lo the house of Christ, accompanied with the '8evH-; and-.whidt could 'no ways be doo.e;:he would have joined two houses and two cities togetnel',God's and. the Devil's, w~icb could not more be done, than. Rome and Von/lantinople, which are distant by so long a tra8: both of sea and Iand, (What -communien, fait" Paul, is ~there betwixt Christ and BeJ-;a1 ? ) Their zeal coo led' by degrees, their faith. decreased, their . Whole piety degenerated'; instead whereif, we.

'make now use of shadow. and images,· and. (lUI lK .S(rilh) I WOll Jd that we could but retain these," 'rhus far Yives .. But lastlw-as to what relates to fhis thing, since nothing J se~s more contrary to man's ,m6,ture, and seeing of all things the de .. renee' of one's self seems most tolerable, as it is most hard tomen, so it is theraost perf~ part dfthe christian religion,·as that ... wherein the de. Ht_~~_ ~f felt.' arid . :i,itlre. con.fidenc,e in Go~, doth lh.o~t'~17~.· r; and therefore Christ .. and hIS. apostPes. Ie It us' hereof a . most perfea exam ple. As tb "tvflttt refutes to-the present magistrates of the

(:~~if!.ldn.' .. 'It. ~rYr!-d, . ~bei r ~.~ .~eny t~m -_~ ot . alto.. getb'e'r tl1e'nnme 6f'~8i. !etaUBe' of tbt IHrMic pt~1:ori'tlH!y'm&k· of CJw.fft·., RIiiwfI.;_



....,... • .....c;::r:-

yet we may boldly affirm.tha~"they 'are far from the perfeEtion of tbe chrifiian religion: because in tile state in which, they are. (as inmany places before .I have, largely obsereed) they. have not come to the pute. eli.pe.Dation of the gospel. And therefore. while they are in that condition. we shall not say. that.rpiII". undertaken upon a just OCCasiOD/ is altogether unlawful to them, For even aacireumcislon, and the other ceremo .. ~Cfi, ·were for a season permitted to the Jewli, ~ot because.tber were either De~ty of them~ves. orlawful at that time. -after the resurrecJion of Chrililt; but because ·tI;1a.t spirit WfS, not :ret raised JJp in tht::m .' w~bJ ,they cQqhi be deJi.v~red lroms\Mlh r~D~; so the preaen~ ~ollfq;s~ of the 'chrf/l1on1UH1JI!i wllo are y~t i~ tbe ll1iKDlte... ant} :,nqt· ill ~",atifill).l .. 4l1tf~tjll.l. spirit._ar~, DQt ye.t fitted for this, rami of christianity .. · and ··~ltereWre· cannot be .uodefeoding themselv6l:, until they attain tbat perfe8:ion. But for .sech whom ChtW 1:tH brought hither, 'it is- not -lawful to defend tbemselv,ee. by Arms.

but they ought over all to trust to t[i·e·Lom. . .

But laJIlY. to conclude, if to reveege OUI'... selves, or to. render. injury. evil fgr evil • .w..ouriiL . .for· wound, to take eye for eye. tooth for. tooth j

if to fight.Jor outward 311d perish.log things, tll . go. a ,:,'aJ~ring one against, an. 0 ther, whom we.neever aaw,. not with whom we n-ever 11 ad any COf\.test, .l1'Orany thing· to do; being moreover al-

together ignorant of the cause of the' war, but only, that the magistrates of the nations foment .quarrels one ilgainst.ano.~T, the;ca.~ w~ere-

D ~ of'



of are for the most Part unknown to the soldiers 'that fight. as wen as upon whose side the right 'or wrong is; and yet to be so furiotrs, and rage one against another, to destroy and spoil aU, that this or the other worship may be received or abolished; if to do this, and 1'nt.u:h more of this kind, be to fulfil the law of Christ. then are 'our adversaries indeed true cllrijlians, ami we 'miserable heretics, that suffer ourselves to be spoiled, taken, imprisoned, banished, -beaten, and evilly entreated, without any resistance, placing our trust only in GOD,' that he may defend us, and lead us by the way of the crOjs unto hill khigrlom. But if ,it be other ways; we 'shin certainly receive the reward, which the Lcrd. hath promised to those that cleave to hUn .. and in denying themselves, corifide In him.

ApOlogy fl~ the Quakers.


, '

-Ir may he presumed to be difficult for christi'ans -who have been in the habit of seeing wars '-entered'into and carried' on by their own and "other christian governments, aJld without - any :"o'then~ensl1re than that they might be politically -~rong, to see the scriptural passages of H non· rdijlance to evil, and rove of enemies," but through

'a vitiated medium. "The prejudices o,r some, -the ';'nteiests' of others, and custom with all; will

, . induce


. : .. ~.~ ...

induce a belief OOlong"thexn, that tllaee ha~e Flcf 'relation to public wars. At least they ':'iiU be - q lad,' to screen _ themselves, .llnd~r such a. no' ion. :)luI the. question is, what a heathen would have said to these passages. who. on hi. conversionte ·christian.ity, bel~e~red ,that. ~h~. ~ew Testament 'was of divine Or!gl1}.J-- -.that it w~ the Book of .Li_feJ-and. that the, precepts w web. it con tai ned were not to be dispensed. with ~o :suit .particu lor cases; without the hnputation of evil I -_ No"" . such a trial the Quakel:S'say. h~ .. been lPa~e, , It was made by the-first christians; and they affirm.

that these interpret~d thepassages which haY", been mentioned, dIfferent .rrem- . .t~e of most of the christians of the preseat ~g~; for - that

. both their opinions and their practice spqk •.

loudly against the lawfulness c_>f war, .

'Vith respeftto the opi,niorl4of the tarl!} c1wls. .

. .liana, w{tich I shall notice first. it must be pre-. raised,' that such of them as have writteq books -, have not all of them entered: upon this sJ-IqjeCt;~ some of them have not had occasion even to notice it. But where they have, and where they, have expressed an opinion,' I believe thatth~': will be found unfavourable to the continuance. of war.

Jzif/in the Martyr one of the earliest- w:ritem in. the second century, considers war as~. fill. _ lie makes also the devil Cf·tlw·apthorqj' a,U. war," . Noseverer censure could ha.ve been P~~. sed upon It than this, whenw.e consider il.u. coming, from the lips ofan early c)ir_l$~i~Jl~ , Th(j·.· sentiment, too, w,~ contrary to· the .p_r:evailiil§,

. '~.t' ~ '. ' sen- __


~ . .....,-.

'Sentiments of tbe times, when bY all professions .. ·tut of war was most honourable, and was the only one tbat was considered to lead to glory. It resulted therefore. in all probability, from the new views which Justin had' acquired. by a peTUSalor such of the scriptures as had then fallen .into his hands.

Tatian. who was the disciple of Justin .. inhil ·()r3tion to the Greeks, speaks precisely in the

lame terms on thesame su bjea. .

From the different expressions of Clemens of . .Alex4ndria, a cotempornry of the latter. we col.Jea his opinion t~. be decisiveal{ui1ljl the law-

,fulness of war. .

TertuJlio.n who may be mentioned next in or.lIer of time, strongly con~mfJed 'lie praRlee iff .iltllring arms, as it related to chrijlio.ns. 1 shall

give one or two more extratls from him on thi ... . snbjefl :-i-n his dissertation on the worship of ·ldols.. he says: Of though the soldiers came to .John, and received acertain form to be observ.ed; and tboughthe centurion believed; yet .Jesus Christ, by· disarming Peter, disarmed eve-

ry'soldier afterward!: for custom never .sancH.ens an illicit aa." And in his soldier's g~rland hesays, •• can a soldier's life be lawful, when 'Christ h~ pronounced that he who lives by.the swordsbal1 perish by tbe sword? Can one who professes the peaceable doCtrine of the gospel be" a soldier, when it is his duty not' so much as to go to law ~ AndsbaU he who is not to revenge his own wrongs· be instrumental in bringing .0':.

. "hen; it] to Clulins, impr.isonment~ torment.dea th?"

. C!Jpr(an;

'Tlm :WARRIOR.'S·.LOOKING GLASS . . _,_. • ...J!?'

. f;yprian; in his epistle 'to' Donatus, takes ' a ';iew of such customs in his own times' as he con-

. eeived to be replignant to the spirit or the letter .of the gvjpd. In looking 'at war, which was one of tb.em., hes.peaks thus: «supp~e thyself," says he, «with ~ne on the top of so_~e very ex';' alted eminence, and from thence looking down .. ~lpon the appearances of things beneath thee. Let our prospeCl take in the whole horizon, and. let us view, with the indifference ofpersons not concerned. in them. the various motions and agitations of human life. Thouwilt then, I'dare ~y, have. a real compassion for the circumstances of mankind, and for the posture in which tbis· view will represent them. And when thou .reflc8:est upon thy condition; thy' thoughts wilt :rise· in transports of gratitude and praise to God, for having made thy escape from the pol_l.Lltions of the world. The things thou wilt principally observe wi11 be-the highways beset with robbers ; .theseas with pirates .. el1campments, marches, and all the terrible forms of

. war and bloodshed. When.a single murder 'is committed. it shall be deemed perhaps a crime; hut that crime snail commence 3. virtue, when committed under the shelter of public auth~tl .. ty; so thatpunishment is 110t rated by the measure' of guilt; but the'more enormous the size .ofthe wickedness is) &0 much the greater is' the chance. of im P!.&fl i ty, " .l'hC'sc a r.e the senrimen ts of Cyprian; and that they were tr,c'resutt ·:of ~is v~ews of christianltyyas taken [i'om thedi\'ine. )\7iting.s, there. can be ihf!c'donbt: . If'he

. ha4



had HOod upon the Same eminence, and beheld.

the lame sights, previously to his conversion .. he mi~bt, like others, have n.either, thought piracy disbonourable, nor war inglorious.

• L~Q3Jtit,l8, who live~ some time afterCyprian ,n hIS treatise concernIng the true worship or God, says, H it can ~er be lav...iul for a righreous man to go to mar, whose warfare is righteousness itself." And in an other part of the same treatise he observes, that n no exception can be made with respeCl: to this command of God. n can never be lawful to kin a man, whose person the divine beil)g designed to be sacred as to

violence." .

The names of Origen, .Al'chdal£~, Ambrf.!fr~ Chryfoflom, Jerome, and CY'rll may be added to those already mentioned, as the names of periODS who Jave it as their Opinion, that it rl.''!3 unla7l!fuJjor ch1'ij1ians to .C;'O to war. _ . .

With respeB: to the praElice of the early christiana, it may be observed, that there is 110 wellauthenticated instance upon record of christians entering into tbe army for t'hefiiji tw()ceitlun·es .. but it is true, 08 the other hand, that th~y de:' cllned the military profession, . as one in whicb i.t was not lawrul for them to engage.

The ji1'/l species of evidence to this poipt,'

- mav be round in the following raa~, which reach from the year 169 to the . year 1,98:~ .4.viJius Orassus had rebelled' against the emperor V'CruBJ and Was slain, In a short time afterwards, Clodiu« ,,1lbi,.118 in one part of the world and Pefcennin« "Vi gel" in another, rebelled a:"




~inst· the emperor Seueru«, .and both were slain lik.ewise.· Now suspicion fell, as it always did in these times if any thing went wfPng, upon the christians, as having been coneerned upon these occasions. Bu t Tertul lian, in his discourse to "Scapula', ~ens us that flO chrlfliam were to be found in thtft armies. And yet these. armies were extensive. Crassus was· master of aU·Syria . with its four legions, and Albinus of those of Britain; wbichlegions together contained between a third and a half of the standing legions of Rome. And the faa, that no christians. were then to be found ill these. ill the more remarkable. because. according to the same Tertnllian, christianity bad reached all the places in which these armies were.

A.focond species of evidence, as faras it goes:, may be eolleeted from expressions and deelaradons, in tbe works of certain authors of those times.' Justin the M~rtyr, and "Tatian, make'. distinaions between . soldiers and christians; and. the latter says. that the christians declined even military commands. Clemens of Alexandria gives the christians who were cotemporary -with bim the appellation of <~ peaceable," or of "the followers of peace;" thus distinguishing tbem from the soldiers of his age. A.nd he says expressly, that\...« those W;ho were the followers of peace used none of the instruments of war,"

A third species of evidence .• 'which is of the highest importance in this case, is the beJief 'which the writers of these times had, . that . the prophecy of Isaiah, which stated that men s~ould




tum ,their swords into ploughshares -and their

1pean into pruning hooks, was -then in the -a¢l

fitf completion, "

lrenlEus. who flourished about the year ISO, affirms that this famous prophecy bad been corapreted in his time; "for the chrilltians," says he, f( have changed their swerds and their lances into instruments or peace, and tb~y know not 'how to fight." Justin Martyr; who was cotem .. porary with Ireneeus, asserted. the same rbing f !'Which he could not have done if the christian. of his time' had en~ed in war. Cf That the :prophecy, "laYs he, f( IS fulfilled. YOll,have good ,reason to believe; for we, who in times past killed one another, do not notoJighl ~iJh oure~ mies:" And here it is obsen:able, that the woreJ ,'''''fight;'' does not mean to 8trikel or to beat, or .to give a blow, but to fight as in war; and th, 'Word, ff enemy'! does not mean an adversary. Of -one who has injured us, but an enemy of tho fltate : and the sentence which follows that which hasbeen given. puts the matter again out of'all -doubt Tertullian .. who lived. after these, speab

-in these remarkable 'fords; deny that th~

, (meaning the turning of swords into plough .. '1ihares) are the things propbecied of. when'y:oa. see what you see; or that they are the thing, fulfilled, when yau read what you read: but if you deny neither of these positions. then y9\1 'muilt confess; that the prophecy has been ,ac'c.omplisl:ted as far as the practice of every iCldi~ 'vidua:1 is concerned to whom it is applicable," J might go from Tertullian even as far as 'I'heo-

- ' ~~


......."... . ....-

crotet, if i~ wer.e· necessary, to show tb at the p:rophecy in question was considered as -in tlte

aCt of eempletioain those times. " .

. The fourth and last proof; will be found in

·.e assertions of CelsIisJ and in' the reply of Origen to that writer. . Celsus,who lived at the end· of .tbe second century, attacked the christian :.religion. He made it one ofbis charges against the christians that Ikg nfl/fell in his time to bear '~rm8 for... the emperor. ~n. In th'fJ cafe qf nece~ 'Iy'; .(Jlia wlten Ihe". jeT"U1CeS :would hate been acr:ept., ed.. He told them 'further. that if tJ,ze. rejJ rI tIle empire were tiftheir '!pin;on, it 'UJOuld Joon !Je over. •

. nc- by the Barbarians, Now Celsus dared not 'have brought this charge against the christians, if· the :faa h~d not been publiclyknown, But Iet us see whether it was denied by those who were Of opinion that his work demanded a reply. The person who wrote' against him in favour of --ch~jstianity was Oiigen, who lived' in, the third century. But Origen, in his answer,' "admits 'lhe faa as stated by Celsus, that the chrifJiam

would not bear arms, .and j,yJijies them' for refus .. ing the' pra~i~e, on' the principle of the unlalVfulnefi of war.

.Andas the early christians would not.enter into the armies, 50 there is good ground to suppose tha~ when they became converted in them .• they. relinquished their profession, Human nature was. the same both. irr and O"\lt ef the armies,

. ana wetilU ~ e~U!tB1 woJkc<hlP"P in this new -state'~ tlH-ti·!!&'. in :btitb cases.- ktcordingly we Jfi1Cf ·f;"ln-'·t'ertbllian, m-ltls.soldier's garland, It "ur_,l



H tJ_11Il mll1!!l in hi, ti'.".t:~ im~fllef!l on thei, t"!"I,'Dt!Tjion quitted the military ferVlCl' .' We are to Id ' by Archelaus, who flourished nnder Probus in the, year 278, that f1Ulfly Roman soldiers, who had embraced christia.oity after having wit. nessed the piety and generosity of MarcelluR, .immediately forsook the yrofe88iod of arms. ,We are told also by Eusebius, that} about the same time, "numbef'B laid 'aside a military lfft~ and becatne pri'DaU! perJonsJ rolher thtl(l abjure their religion." And here it, may be worthy of remark. that soldiers, after their conversion, became 89 -troublesome in the army, both on account of their scruples against the idolatrous practices re9uire,d of the soldiery, and their, scruples agaInst fighting; that they wet:e occasionally di$missed the service on these accounts, '

The belief of the unlaufuJne~s of war was tIJliVersal among christians of those times. Everjchristian writer of the second century. who no.tices the subjec], makes it unlawful for christians to beat' arms. ' And if the christian wri tel'S of lhis age were of this opinion, contrary t~ all their sentiments before their conversion, hnd wholly from their knowledge of divine truths, -why should not others, who had, a common nature with these, be impressed, on recelVJng the same truths, in a similar manner ~ And so undoubtedly they were. 'And as this beliefwas universal among the christians of those times, so it operated with them 31 an impediment to a military life, quite. as much as the idolatry that was conneCled with it; of which the followinginstances may suffice. The


The first case I purpose to mention" shall, be, that of Maximilian, as preserved in the acts of Ruina;'t •

. ~Ia.xil(l17;aTt. having- been brought before the

. tribunal, in order to been-rolled' as' a soldier; Dian, the proconsul, asked him his·name,., tMaxi~ milian, turning to him, replied, H Why wouldest thou know my name? .l.am a c1l.rls!ian and

cannot fighl. " .

, Then Dion ordered him to be enrolled'; and when he was enrolled, 'it was recited out of the' register that 'he was five feet ten inches-high. Immediately after this, Dien bade the- officer" mark him. But Ma.ximiliaiJ. refused to be-mark-" ed, still 8s.'Serting that he was a christian. Upon which Dion instantly replied, "Btar arms, or thou shalt die." -

. To this Maximilian answered, u r canoot nghl:;' jf 1 die: lam .!lot a soldier of this' 'world, 'but a so! dier of God.," Dian then said,," Who bas :,per-.: suaded thee to -behave thus?" Maximilia-ri. answered, «l\iy own mind and HE who has cailed

- me." Dion then spoke to his father, ahd badir: him persuade -hIs son. But his father observed, that his son knew his own mind, arid what it"~

was best for him to do..' .

After this had passed, Dionacldressed Ma~Imilian again in these words: (rTake thy arms, and receive the mark" «r can receive," says Maximilian, .. no such mark .. I have ·already the mark QfChrt61."· Upon which Dion said, <r I wiIl send thee q uickl y ,tQ .. thy Christ. "-. . ~~ Thou' ~ Jl.1ayest do so," says ~.imiliaD/ (' bu.t the glory :

:will be mine." ij 'Dion


Dian then bade the oft'lcer mark him. But Maximilian still persisted in refusing! and spoke. thus ; .. " I cannot receive the mark of this world. And if thou sbouldest give me the mark, I wHf destroy it. It will avail nothing. I am a christian, andi! is not lawfuL for me to wear suets ~ mark about my neck. when I have received theBftving mark of the Lord Jesus Christ, the son of the living God, whom thou knowest not, who died to give us life, and whom God gave for our sins. Him all we christians obey. Him we follow, as the restorer of our life and the author

of our salvation." . .

. Dion instantly replied to this, (I Take thy arms, and receive the mark, or thou shalt snlfer a most miserable death I"-" But I shall not perish," said Maximilian, t« My name is alrea~ye,!rolle~ witlz Chril!. I cannot fight."

DIQn said, "ConsIder, then, thy youth, and 'bear arms. The profession of arms becomes a young man." Maximilian replied, H My arms are with the Lord. I cannot fight for any earthIy consideration. I am now a christian." '.

'. Dian, the proconsul.said, "Among the lifeguards of our masters DiocIesian and Maximian •. and Constantius and Maximus, there are Christi-. an soldiers, and they fight." ~aximilian· answered.," They know best what is expedient for them; but I am a christian, and it is unlawful. to dJJ evil"

~ Dion said, "Take thy arms. . Despise not the profession of a .s,oldier~ lest thou perish misera .. bJy. <:» But "J shall not perish, II says Maxim~li-

an' .. "

.TUE WARRiOR'S LOOKING GLASS. ............ -e;;-.

an; ... and if I should leave this wofld,my·soul . will live with Christ the Lord."

Dion then orderedhis name to be struck from the roll) and when this was done he proceeded; ." Because out of thy rebellious spirit thou hast refused to bear arms, thou shalt be punished ac· -eording to thy deserte.Tor an example to others;"

and then he delivered ,. the following sentence:

Maximilian ., Because thou hast with -a rebelliDUS spirit 'l'ifused to. bear arms, thou art to dit:

. l1u thee S"W(Wd:· Maximilian replied, u thanks

be to God," .

He was twenty years three mOD.tM anc:l ~veJi.

Ceen days old j and .when he was led to the p~ace . of execution he spoke thus: u·My'dearbrethren .. endeavour with all your might, that if may be your portion to see the Lord, and that be may give you such a crown.... And !he~ with a plea'SaIlt countenance he said to ,Ius father, <'# Give the executioner the soldier's coat thou hadst got

. for me; and when I shall receive thee in the company of the blessed martyrs, we may alse

rejoice together with the Lord," .

After this he suffered. His mother POIJllpeiana obtained his body of the. judge, and con ... veyed it to Carthage, and buried it near the place where the body of Cyprian the martyr lay. And thirteendays.after this his mother died, and was buried in the same place. And _Viaor; his· father, returned to his habitation, rejoicing and praising God that he had sent before such a gift to{he Lord, himself expecting to follow after .

. shall only observe upon this instance- that

. J. ~



.It is 'neady :pure and unmixed. or that it is bat

little connected with idolatrous. circumstances: ; Ol.", rather, that.the unlawfulness. of fighting was :pJ:incipally . nrged by- Maxim iJ ian a~ a reason a:"

-gainst entering u.pon· amHitary life .. Let us .n.QW find a case where, whena. person ~was eon-verted 'in the army" 'he left it,-'pleading:thi~ prin-

-ciple as oneamong others for-his dereliellon

.of ir. .. ' . ,

.:{I1arceUuswas a eenturion in the legion. called H 1rqja/Uf:' On a festival given .. in' honour of the birth-day of Galerius, he threw down his

..lQHiJary- Belt at ,the·.head .of the legion; and, in the face.of the staDdar4s., declared with.a Joud voice, th~t he would n,o longer ~~' in..the,arfn!J~ f()r that f< he. had. become (J ,e/rrjftItPb. . ..:::-l hold in .dettjlatirJflj 'says he, addressing hansel f to. all the . soldiers, s« the wdrfoip of !lour Gods.-· Gods.w hich -are made of woad and stop c,.-Gods which are : deaf and dumb." ... Sn far MaTCelll1,$~ it appears

seems to have been influenced, in his. desertion

'., of a military life by· tb,e' jd~Iairy ~onn'~Gted with .it, . But let us hear himfurther en tbWl!JlbjeCl.; ~~ It is n,ot lcrwful." says he, " for a christian. who is the servant of Christ the Lord, to. Dear arms for any earthly considerarion." After. ~,delay ·oflJlore than three months in prison after this ~nmsaajon. which delay was allowed for the' pu.r-

pose of sparing him •. he. was brought 1;lefore the pf~f~ v. Jfere he had an opportunity ;:{)f correcting his former; expressions. _ ,But as he per-

sistedin the same sentirnents.. he suffered. .

.I! .is .ren;la~kahle thn·t;· almost imm~~ately ~ f-




fer his execution, Cusirm, who was tne rwtafJ! '. to the same legion, 1'!ifusedtD,seve allY lOllger, by pu blicJy throwi n g his -pen- and accom pt book ~p. on the ground" and- declaring at the same 'tune· 'lUll t}i.e sentence of MtlrcelbtS wos Imjup. Whea . taken up by the order of Aureiionus Agrzcola1ltts.J he is described by th. recortl preserved by:Ru ... inert, to have avowed. the same sentiments as Mareellus, and like him to have suffered d~ath,

It ~ay.not> perhaps, b~ ne~ry f~1 cite any othel wst~ncca: .. to the POlDt ID question. .But as another occurs, which may be related in few words, I will just mention.it in this place; Mar~

. lin, of whom. Sulpicius Severus says so much .. b~d been bred.to the profejJionof tfl'lpS,' but on his CO'l!DCr.ftmr.. to christiani!y declined· it, in the answer which hegave-to,,1ulian the apostate for his 'condue] on this' occasion, we find' him mack· ing use only .of these words: co 1 am a chr!flian.,· and therifwf I coonotjigla." .

.. Now this answer of Ma.rtin is detached u.om all n-otions of idolatry.' The wn/lrrJrful'1USlt of _jightf1lg .iii given-as the only motive for his resignation .. And there is no doubt that the unlaw. 'fuln'eas of tigllting'was' as mucha principle of religion ;n the eally times of christianity,. as thOe refusal ofsacrifice to the' Heathen GodS:" ana ~h;l.t they' operated equally to ·_t»"evenl men'from entering irito the army, and to drive tJiedlout Of ·it on ·their converfom. Lndeed these prinCiples generally Weut together, 'whert the;,p.rofessiciil .

,'of artns" pres~teo itself'asan-'bccupatibn'far'a . -christialio He who.' re.firse4 Che 'professi«>n . 0.11,

• 3 .«ount!



account of the idolatry eonneeied with it_,. would

bave refused it on account of the 'unlawfulness of fi_ghtin~. And. he who refused it on account of the gwlt of fighting, would have refused it on account of the idolatrous services it required. Both and each of them. were im pediments in the early times of christianity to a milirary life.

It may be considered-as a well founded proposition, that as the lamp of clp-Qtianity: burned bright in those early times; 'S01those who were illuminated by it declined. the-militara profes- 5idn; and that as its flame-shone less clear, they haa less objeflion· to it. . Thus, in the two first centuries, when christianity was· the purest, -there were no christian soldiers. In the third century. when it became less pure, there is frequent mention of such soldiers. And in the

· fourth,. when its corruption :was flxt, christians

· entered upon the·profession of arms with as little hesitation as they entered upon any other

.eecupation in Iife. -

, That there were no .ehristian soldiers in the first and. second centuries bas already been made

appareat.. _. . .

That their .condufl was greatly altered in the. · third century, where we are-now to view it, we _'~ay collee] from indisputable authority. A christian soldier waspynished fe>r refusing to wear agarlan~,.like the, rest .. of his comrades, on a publ5c oceasion., Tbis- man, it appeal'S, .ha:d l:?e~ ca4'qt:'l'ted in the army •. and objeCled: to ,~~-~.~entonr OD that acccun t. :Now Tertulhan

.. Uflk·U$ that tb~ ~.Idier was blamed fox: his un-

.. - . seasonable


.....,... .. .......,.....

sealonabJCl:zealj' as' i.t was 'caned: by ~ of the christians of that time, though tJ11 cbii$bans before considered- the wearing' ofi.'Uch a garland as unlawful and profane. \ -In this century there is no: question but t~e christian discipline be-

gaD to- relax.. . ." .

That there were christian soldiers in this more corrupt century of the church, 'it :is'j.mpossible. to deny : for such frequent mennon- JS.'·made of them in the.bisteries which relate tOo this period, '.that we cannot reflV>e' our.assent to- .one nr other

of ' the propositions, either that there were TTUn in the armies ,iI_called· thmUId'OOlJ christians, or that there were men in them who had that name gjven them by others. That they 'ttle1:'e christians

· .however is another question, They were probably such christians as Dian mentioned to-have been' among the life guards of Dioclesian and. Maximian, and of Constantius and Maximus, of whom Maximilian observed, «Theie men may know what is most expedient for them to do j but ,1 am a christian. and therefore I cannot fight ... • ., That christianity was more degenerate In the fourth than in the third century. we have indu-

-bitable proof. '

.'. Almost every body knows that more evils . sprung up to t"e'chu~ch in this 'century than in

· any-other; some of which remain at' the pre-

· sent 'day; .

Constantine, on his conversion. introdueed .many 'Of the' Pagan 'superstitions, -in which he

· had been bro.ught up, into the christian religion.

Thus there was 'a mixture of christianity and

, Paganism


. ._,,-.._,....

p,aganism in' the church which . ha.d,n ever beeD!

known before. "

Now.in this century. when the corrupticnef fhe_cl;lUrch may be considered to have been fi~~ ed, we find the distinctiou between them and

ethers 'graduall y passing awa y. " "

Hence the unlawfulness of fighting began to be given up. We find, however. that here aqq there an ancient father still retained" it as a reIiglous i:~'pet; butthese dropping oft on~ aft~r another. It ceased at length to be a dofinuc of

the church. .

.. ' ..... ,.


7'801',,1.4.8 TRYON,


...... E!!I~

SOMB may say. U ifwe should nQt flgld, (ffuH" ready to wit1astand our enemies, and n.tigMonnng rUlllo1UJ; 'Wtskmdd quickly be brought into 8ltIJ,ieclion." This is very true, if men should leiJ'Ct tdf figbting, and. yet Jive such wicked ungDdlg ma as they do; but if I:ny nation would tc-:pent or tb~ evil ~f their :~ay II, IJId eater with one ItJin.d mro urnty, an~ live In the power and. operation of the Lore. O/GiJd, they then shou.ld: have ,'10 occasion ..10 fear or dread any outward .. enemies; Il·avingso perfeaJy subdued those; within. they should resr. secure. This thechil-: dren of" Israel did ·ofien witness. when they: feared the LOl'd,and refrained from Idols; that;· iB, when they did. not set their hearts andatfec-. rions upon tbe creatures, nor live in wanton-· ness: then their enemies were bowed· be fore. \ them, and the TJe'IY sighlor . appearance of ten would make a thoutatl.d fly': butwben toey did forsake the fear: of the Lord, and turned the use of natural things in to , wantonn ess, they awakened 'the wrat .... of God. ·by whith ·their·enemies got many acI.v~tages over them, and carried them away captive. The very same i!il

,now 'a-dajs, amongst dS j this :beiQgil" certain irnih that wiJllltaDd forever against the gain,,; aayers,.andi evil men •.. yjz,. Ow aU oppre8lJi,on. ,,?if!ence and~kil/ing;· doth proceedfrom. the serpent thl>htlr!J!P1'; ,,&iN Iw.ish. aU Gur heroes and figbtenJ, . and great martial men would well consider. and turn the eyeof their understandjnss· inwafodJ and·JlArcb themselves; then. they would certain1y. find that it i$ the fierce Catil!: lilte qirit. which reigns in them, and excites. :shem·lO. commit such outrages.


When. the, scldiers asked JQhu the baptis,t, ,It W/lal thf!!J iJholild -rio to be saved," he said unto.' them, .~ be content wilh your 'Wages, ,and do .violeace to. no. man." Which is to say tillY jlzould be jOlt/ier' 110 longer; for aU soldiers do

live' in the spirit of vioMnre and m.ust kill 'mad) tlejlrog whenever their €-0lI\I\lan4ers please. . So likewise Chrljl" !mys to .. Peter·" (than whom ceetl:inly never man drew sword. in a better quarrel ) ~(put up thy twoi'd., those who; take the. 'sword Rhall per,,,fl 1),' the 5\f{)ro.; my .Jcing~: ill not of this 'WoJ;"ld jt that, is: ." my: kingdom, consists in IVVQ, mercy,' mc{l/,:NI'!iI8,; .jritndJiJJ£fJs. pr.aceabd good:rwiJI U!llfil oJ.J, llJt',I1: 1

Way to k8izlt~~ tong tlfe' 4n~ Jzappin~ss,

_ 0'"''


KEy. JOHN WESLEY, .71£ .d.

T BAT' vict is more profitable and pleasurable than virtue, \Va! thedevil's first preaehment to'. our parents in' paradise, c< the day ye eat thereof (and disobey yoor'kind creator) ye sha-ll be' as Gods !" wise, great, and happy .. Thusmankind's grand deceiver tempts us still, and rums an the CNJd'lllQ'US like them. The doctrine preached. last week by 7acitus· was similar to this: re can peace procure a Bi:t:ne cOfnparable to

sympatltetic fedings,-jired by war'!" .

To' answer this enquiry, "'Be ye' butclwre4'

, multu1ide8! 'and whisper what your U l!Iympathetic feelings" were. while bleeding t dying! agonizing bodies graced the fielda of battle t. Languishing heaps of men breathing their' last! Embrace with,U sympathetic-feelings" their expiring friends ~ Loud instruments of music labouring, hard, to silence. sighs! and drown' their dying groans! Last .. whole and wounded viCiors shouting over the numbers. slain t (the more, the better!) Then burying breathless enemies, (dear fellow mortals. l ) fifties, hundreds,·thouaands.t in one doleful grave! What "syntpath.efic feelings" .these! How~' moving. is this scene!" Horrid to hear of t much more to see, and share! What seas of blood and'

, 8Jj",pathiziJlg tears, htis war (IlfFDNAf. MOMiTEIt!) ftled on earth in fcroen tmd.fifty centur.f,es" What

• A' .rMer ill the Slocrbcmo!! ]_11,1»1, Iltu1ct chat 6p.tQn=; t i. "Dr- ~a. 'i'




wounds~ w~, deaths preeured I Say."ye im.mortals, slain by fire and sword! Rave you forgot your violent" F8:"Sage to eternity? Can H.raphs count your numbers !-$peak. your sorrows !.--calclilate your pains? Can OR who ".~~ighs the mountains:' weigb the worldS. or uief! sustained by myriadi massacred in war ?

ti Silence in heaven there was P'-and needs must be ;

Such queries solv'd not by i"nfi:nity f

"Shan christians then assist the prince of hell~ who" was a murtherer from the beginning:' by telling tbe world <r the ben{/it. of war? Shall protestant publications proclaim to the nations, that ... Wa.r is a hlessing of providence j Shall '''.ooDS of peace "tum advocates for n,ffenstve lUJItfliJiesJ· by asserting th31 "WAH is p!ife:able ~o PUCtt ?'~ Tea it not in Gath! pu/l1ifo II 1Iot III "re jlreets oj .Ajkelon l leJI uncircumcifed lJeathens lilo.Jpheme t< the prince of peace," because of the contrast in his peticelejs professors, 0 cease ye reformed! to contradifl by your condufl: a C!£1USTIAN CHARACTER •. Let Papist olfgr'!lfors. have 'the honour and~lory of pleading for. 'and praClisitlg men.k,llmg. Crusades !

: 0 cruel war! .0 cruel siri! 0 cruel crowned. heads t Who slaught.er their subjefu by thQusands for inanimate dust! When" o:r.'E im-' mortal (apr oul'(Jjeighs in value, 'WOT'hU of trans itory ·wealth! Surely, mighty me1l.. Says· king. SolomoD,jIisJ! k·mighJilg tormented r

.4rm;ni~ M.ag. Dfc~ 1781 p. 6i8~



, ~___..


Come -hither, old SA'l'AN, old Murtheru, and I _will cia-by thee as thou once dids-t:bya better ,han me: I will take thee, in turn, into <~ an exeeeding gteat-aud, bigh mountain. and, I will shew, 'thee aU the kingdoms of this cluijlian world and 1~ ,glory of them.'" On to .which of the high mountains shall we go i the Alps. the Andes •. Caucasus orTeneriff? Perhaps it would please Ih.yjnfemal majesty_ best.to go all to .the summit of Mount ..tEtna or YeSUViU8; at least it would ft\iitthy characl::er more, ,if_\tdid ,not agr.ee with thy: huroQ\ir better. But. tbe.la&to.fth~e,. bejog nearest to the seat of Infal{iJility and 'the r:hriflisn world, we' will take this burning mot\li.ttin for. our ;observatary"-Npw., -siTA,N •. 1oGk qown' upon c:hriJkntIDrpj and beh,old the m otieyi.

'gro~P'; 13ibles. Swon:l_s-;,-Cburch;es, BarracksCbape~J F9rt;resse.s-...-Minisfeti of peace in black, aod· men of war in-. led and blue-a few .men."'00 a&._as ,Sa'PiOll1'8 ;.m.imQn& of men whose sele business is to.systemat'ize_ and. praftice the

.~ruai.on o_f.IQ.-e~aDd theaccommcidlltiQiJs' of Iife.-lI4any . books, which. inculcate .the spirit an~·ptil6lit:e· Df peace.; and others that, leach "With



with great 'diSplay of science, the an of ~ shief.and war.:_The.truc Sons. rf Peace lightly esteemed, obscure, neg leCl.ed' and scorned.- Ths llcrbl; "j Murder and Plunder, exalted, . extolled; honoured, pensioned 'and tmmD?td.i:r;ed by Slotut!s and' M{J1J;U.ments !_. Behold, .Satsri, '. ~he ibiHibns of habitations ,now 'in chr!flendom, witla 'at least,· one instrument, of murder in , them ... le:spectively; instruments made ,for the. express purpose, of killing mankind ! .Behold, . Sat<\tl,. ,fiow many chrifliarir there, are whoknow, h@w te jiglLt; bur-not .how to Fay! Who kn9w how t.o.:t!ejlroy. bu~ not ho.w to flrg;i-Oe.J , .Behold, Satan, the universal distress that pervadesaJi:l'istentiom at this moment, and Iet ir rejoice' thiDe heart. to reflect, that "it' is neither God 11Or'" If/ood m,en that have had any share In .these geaeral calamities,; but that it is thyself, in cop. ~n£Hon with anti-christian christians., who have

brought all theseevils among mankind. .

NoW', Satan. aU the 'kmgd()ms of this. wor.ld·: a,04, the glory of them, will I give thee, and fal]: down and worship thee iilto-the bargain" if rhou, wilt shew me Ot~ kingdom of real"chrUtimzS·!

But, Sata.o, as I bave:ddrained thee from thy: cht1stitm friends ' sO long. I cannot, cousisrent. ~th the laws of equity, dismiss-thee, without gi",';" iligtheesome aCknowledgements of distinClioo : and, when I con template on the .gen era I spirit andprAai.e8·o£'mankind; ram constrained to-reneWI thy charte!";' and -to acknowledge. that as thol1~· hast long been, &0' thou ad, even n~R" PBINC! GP THIS WODL» I

,G~ BE4.UMtJrNi



I..ooldnll· ~lau~




sr .0. B1U.UMONT

,.IlNIII1"iR ot ~ ~O:F pUC£.


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