SOLID WASTE SITUATIONER IN THE PHILIPPINES

Solid Waste
One of the country¶s most pressing environmental problem now

National Waste Generation
(2000-2010)
2000 Mln. T/Yr. % of total 23.0 1.6 4.7 3.0 9.0 13.3 5.1 7.7 7.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 6.6 3.1 2.5 2.4 100 Mln. T/Yr 3.14 0.21 0.63 0.40 1.32 2.11 0.65 1.00 1.01 0.51 0.53 0.47 0.97 0.41 0.39 0.31 14.05 2010 % of total 22.3 1.5 4.5 2.8 9.4 15.0 4.6 7.1 7.2 3.6 3.8 3.4 6.9 2.9 2.7 2.2 100

NCR
Cordillera AR Ilocos Cagayan Valley Central Luzon Southern Tagalog Bicol Western Visayas Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Western Mindanao Northern Mindanao Southern Mindanao Central Mindanao ARMM Caraga National

2.45 0.17 0.50 0.32 0.96 1.42 0.54 0.82 0.74 0.43 0.40 0.37 0.70 0.33 0.26 0.26 10.67

Improper waste management has major adverse environmental, health and economic impacts

Externalities associated with improper Solid Waste disposal
‡ Non-health
± Groundwater and surface water contamination ± Surface, marine and coastal water pollution and litter ± Destruction of property from flooding

‡ Health
± Diarrhea ± Cholera ± Respiratory diseases from SW gases & dust

Fraction of Diseases Attributable to Solid Waste
DISEASE Diarrhea Helminthiasis Typhoid & Paratyphoid Cholera Hepatitis A
Attributable Fraction to Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Source Assumed Fraction Attributable to SW

88% 100% 50% 100% 50%

WHO WHO WB Widely accepted WB

30% 5% 10% 20% 5%

Estimated Value of Health Effects: Cost of Illness (In million pesos)
2004 No. of Diarrhea Cases due to Pollution Attribution Fraction for SW Pollution No. of Diarrhea Cases due to SW Pollution Restricted Ability Days for Diarrhea Total work loss days Average Daily Wage Direct Income Losses Medical Expenses (Php/case of diarrhea) Total Medical & Hospitalization Expenses Total Cost of Illness (In Pesos) US $ Exchange Rate (nominal) Total Cost of Illness in US $ 507,864 30% 152,359 3 457,078 152 69,475,795 4,966 756,600,000 826,075,795 56.04 14,740,824 2006 503,588 30% 151,076 3 453,229 182 82,668,993 5,674 857,138,905 939,807,898 51 18,312,703

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