~

/

C

": .: :

-, ~

: ..

" .:/. " :

'.

. .

RatiOn.1 a.oO"n.i •• 8no. Office Review u4 .R"actiOD

.Gu..i4e

-

For

. .

·~tamatlc Deel ••• iflcatloa

Of

'25-Year-Old IDfoz.atlOll·

vezw1cm 1.D 2DO' .ut1cm

~I ',,"".,.~ .~ :bz2:

Direat:ozo'

DBCL .ON:. 25%1, 20561122

DRV FROI: NRC Clusification Guide 6.0, 21J lI&y2005

'1'GP 8IIeIIP.r ~ ._ ~ ~ ..... _ • '15D

. y,., I I Y)

"

.,.

j

·1

i

. . I

< ,

( t.

.%O'SB~fl!KI/RS"/.RP{125Xl

(tJ) ~abl. of Contents·

(U) Pref ace ...•..•... -~' ~ ' . e . ••••••• e_ •••••• ' •. '... • •• i V

. . . . .

(0) Background ~ '! •••••••• ' ••••••••••••••• ' •••••••• ' •• ' ••• ~ •.• 1

(0') General- Met~dology ~ ••. e". ~ •••••••••• ~ •• ~ ~ ' •••••••••••••• e' • •.•• 2.

(0.) Piles ~eries ExemPtions •••••. o. ~ ..... ~.' ...•......... '.' .... ~ ... 4

(0.) Pollow-on Review 'for Continued Exemption from "

Declassification ... e' •••••••• ~ ••••••••••••••••• " ••• ~ •••. a ••••••••• 4

J

1.' (~) Reveal Inforn1{ltion. ·AbOut the Application of Any Intelligence Sources· .. and Metho~ (25X1) •...••••••..•.. ~ •.•..•... 7 '1.1 . (0.) Docum~t ·Administration:' •••••••••••••..••.. ' •• e. . . . . . . .. 8

1.2 . (U) About . the National Reconnaissance Program ('NRP) .•.•• 11 1.2.1 (0.) Fact 'of . Satellite ·Reconnaissan,c:e ••.••.••. '~ ••..••..•. : 11 1.2.2 (0.) National Reconnaissance Program InformatiQn •.•••.••• 13 :L .' 2,.3 (0.) . Organizational Relationships •• ' ;. ••• ; •..•••• ~ ••• .; .' •.. '. 17

1". 2 • 3 • i .. ('0) aAF I ss 4! •••• " •• ' ••••• -': •• ' ' ••••••• ~ e' ••• '. :. • • .. • • •• 17

1.2.3.2 •. (0.) SAF/SP(Program A) •• ~ •••••.•••.• ; '.~""'" 19

1.2.3.3. ·.(U) -CIA {Program. B) .•.••.•• " ..••.••.•.•••••.••.•••..•••• ·19 1.2.3.4. (U)Navy (Program C) ...•• ~ ....•..•... '. H ••••••••.••••• 19

1.2.3.5. (0.) CIA/Air Force (Program D) 20

1.3 :(0)· Satellite Imagery Systems ~ .• ~ .: • . • • . • . . • • • • • • .. .. • . .. 21 1.3.1 (0)·· Imagery System Info~tiQn •••.••• ~ .•.•••..•.. ~ ~. .. . .. 21 1.3.2 (U) Non~Operational IMINT' Systems~ .••••••.••.••. ~ ..•...• 24 1.3,,3 (0.)' IMINTSystem.Ground Op~ra~ions .•••••...•.•...• ~ ....•. 30

1.4 (0) Sign,als Intelligence (SIGINT) systems................ .32 l' ~4.1 (0) General SIGINT Information.·............... ... . •. . • . •. 32 '.1. 4 ~ 2. (0.) . Non-Operational SIG:i:NT $ystems ..••.•...•.. ::.......... 34 1. 4 .3 (0.) CUrr~nt and Puture SIGINT. Opera~ionalSy'stems. ~ '. . . .. 36 L 4 .4 (0.) SIGINT ~ignal Parameters ••. '.. • . • . • . . . . . • . . .. .. . • . . . . .. 37 1.5 (0.) Measurement And Signat-qreIntelligence (MASINT) .. --: .. 38

]; . 6 (0.) Communications ••.. ~ 0 •••••••• ~ •••••••••••• '. • • •• 39

.1.6.1 (0.) General Communications. Information •....•.••••...•... 39 '1.6.2 (U) Communication .Satellite payloads •.•..•..•...••..... s , 40. ~ 1.6.3 (Dllpe501 Relay Backup Mission Control Center........... 41

1.6.4 (0) Relay Satellites •..••••..••• ~ .;' ••••.• ~ . .. 42

1.7 (U)Satel~ite Vulnerabilities and Countermeasures .~ ..... 43 1.B (0.) Collection Planning, Targeting, and Support ••..•.... 44 1.8.1 '(0) OVerall Targeting . Strategy. ' •.•••••• ~ . • ... . • . . . . • . . . .. 44 1.8.2 (0.). Ground C.ollec·tion Plani:tingand Computer Software. . .. 45 1.8.3 (U)Satellite Tasking .....•••••.•••.•....•...... ~ . . . . . .. 46

j 1 ~ 9 (0) Mission Ground Stations .(MGS) • ~ . • . . . . . • • . . . . . . .. . . .. 47 \l't 1. 9.1 (~MGS and Remote Tracking Station' Locations .. ~ . . . .. 47

1.10 (U) Launch Activities ~ .•...•. ~ .: •.•...... ~ 59

1. 10.1 (0) Pre-Laurich Activities. . .. . .. . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . • . . .. . .. 50 . 1.10 •. 2 (0) Launch Vehi~le(Lvj Utilization..................... 52

1.10.3 (0.) .Launch Dates ' ' .•........... ~ ~ . .. 54

1.10.4 ·(0) Payload Integration and Pre-Launch Support ........• 56

'POP BBeRft//ftIIItSBIf/BI'//2!Xl

ii

/' (/

'"

(~--

" .. "

1.1~_. S (0), Launch' Opel:-atioDS I Traj ectory I Tracking I ,Telemetry. 57

1.11- (U) ,DeV~opmeDt and Acquisition_ ••• ~ •• , ~ •• 58

'1.11-.1 (0) General Participant Rel,ationships ••••••••••••• ;, •• '.. 58

1. ,.1. 2 (0) Pundi ng ,and' Budget •••••••• , •• ' ••••••••••.• ~ ' ••••••• ~ ... ~1

1. 11'.3 (0) contract: Administration •••.• ; ••••••••••••••••• ~ •• •• 63' ,1 ~ 12 (0) ,ProdUct-Related'Infomat;iori .••••••••••••••• _ •• '. • • .. •• ,64 , 1 ~ 12 ~ 1 (0), ~':'Related Products ••••••••••• '.; .,~ •••• ,. • • • .. • • • • •• 64 1.12-.2 nn SIGDll'-Related Product8--G8neral •••••••••• oi •• .; • • • •• 66

1,. ~3 (0) Te%mS' aDd C0d,8' Words ••••• ' ••••••••••••••• ~ • • • • • • • • •• 67

1.14: (0) 'Res,idual ClaSsified, Info:t'Dl&ti~n -Program 055 •••• ~ .'~ 68,

1.14,.1 (U) ," 68

~~14.2 ~ 71

1.1.~3 73

1.14~4 75

1~14.S 7&

1. i4-. 6 (U) ,Pro~am ,Code WOJ~

, , "1. is {t1') NROSecuri ty, ~olicy '- General Admini8trat~on • • • .. • •• 80 2. '(0) Reveal Info:t'Dl&tion That Would 'Assist ,in the DeVelopment or 'Ose of Weapons, of Hass Destruction l2'SX2) ~ • ~ • ' ••••••••• '. • • •• 82, 3 • ". ' (O)Reveu IIiformation That Would Impair 0. S. Cryptologic Systems or Activitie$ (2SX3) ••••• ' •••••• , •••• • •••••• ~ ~ •• ;, .' • • • ••• 83

,4. ,(0) Reveal Information That Wouid' Impair the Application of , the,State-of-t;he~Art· 'l'echnologyWithin a U.s. Weapon System

(25%4) • ~' •• 0_ ~ e" •••••••••• ". • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• 84

S. (0) Reveal Actual n.s, KilitaryWar Plans That Remain in

Effect •.•••••••••••• ' .' ••.•• ' •• '. ~ •• '!' '. ~ ' •• ~ ••••••• '. '. ~ •• ' ••••• '. '85

6. ,,(0) Reveal, Information That Would Seriously and Demonstrably Impair Relations between ~e o.s. 'ancl-il Foreign Gover.mneDt, or. Seriously and Demonstrably undel:mine Ongoing Diplomatic Activities of 'the o.s~ (2SX6) •• ~ ••• ~~ .... _ ••• " ••••• ' •• ' •••••••••••• 86 7 • '(0) Reveal' Information That Would seriousiy and' ' Demonstrably Impair cUrrent National Security J!'.m8rgency,

preparedn~B$ Plans .·(2"SXB) ••••. ~'~ ••••••. , ~'.' •• ' 0. - ••. 87

8 .'(U) Viola~e a Statute, Treaty; or International Agreement

(25X~_) •••.•.••• e •••••••.••••••••••• ~ .' ' • • •• 88

9. . on Other ~ . ~ .. ~ ~ ' ~ . . .. 89

a .. ;.·(0) SigJl.atures ~ II." ~ •• e e .•••• ~· ~ .•. ~ ·89

b. (0) ProprietarY Information ~ .••.•.•.•..•••..• 89

(0) 'Appendix A - GRAB ELM Satellite .••••.••.••. ~ ••••.•••...• ~o (0) Appendix B - Acmowledged Names and Functions... •. • . • • • • .• 92 (0) Appendix C - Glossary of CodSWords and Tel:ms ••••• ,. • • • • •• 116 (0) Appendix D - FootnotedS~ces ••........•.•.•••.•.•••••.. 132

(0) ~diXE - WS-117L: SENTRY/SAKOS~ .' , ••••• 146

(0) Appendix F - CORONA, ARGON, and LANYARD ••• ~. • • • • . • . • • . • .. 152 (U) Appendix G - poppy, ELLNT Satellite ••...••.•....• ~ •••..•.. 159

lit

(0) This document represents· the current pOlicy of the National ReconDa:l.ssance·Office· (NRO) gov~ r~iew ot ·NRO 25-y8ar-:oldrecordS sUbject· to automatic declassification. * The Director,· ~gement Services and Operations . (IIS.O) .. at the· NRC . is· . responsible for overseeiJlqimd coordinating NROcompliance with· ~ ·declassification requirements of. Executive Order (B.O.) 129.58, as amended; and for the uniform execution within the NRC of the· policy gUidance contained {Ii. tliiS·.doC1.1Jllei1t· •. To achieve .the Executive order's spirit of greater public access to .

. goVerriment· reCords, this Review and· ·Redaction Guide isa living . docuinent, revis.ad and updated annually. To that end, the NRO ..

. Office of Security· proq;>tly advises the declassification· compOnent of . the Information Access arid Release. Team (!ART) in

. . D&:O· about chalJ.gesin class.ification policy that affect . this guide. Questions: concerniitg iIiformation containe4 in this guide, or about updating it; should be addressed to HS&o/ASG/DfSC/IART.

2006.

Donald K. Kerr Director

lIcn,..berMz· 2005

lsI DoDalt;! M. Kerr Director

11 ~ 2005

lsI

Peter B. Teets· Director

CIt-"ere. oezti~ie4 .. of 23

Peter B •. Teets·· ·Director

.CIt·mere.· cUtifle4 .. of , ~ 2002

Is/

Peter B. Teets

·(U)~. review ~ r8daction guide appli.s to the deClassification of all 2S-year:-old NRC records covered in the ~ded EO 12958: (Automatic Declassification R8view [ADR], Mandatory Declassification Review [HOR]. and Systematic ·Declassification Review [SDR]), as well as actions associated with FOIA and Security Review (SR).

(_

-:

(

''t- '

(

.' ;:.":'

" ' .

. . ,,: .

, ,Director

Ch·n .... ~lfle4 ... of 20, JIo9ow"'~ 2001 Is/.

Keith R. Hall Director'

.' lsI ·Keith R. Hall , Director

'OrigiDal. ~ 2 aTaly lttt

lsI

Keith R. Hall' ,Director

(

(

(

1'--.

- .

. . . .

• (U)Ba~kgrouzI4

. (U) On 17 April 1995 the President'signed B.O. 12958, ·Classified National SeCurity Information.·' This order, subsequently aDiended on 25 March 2003, . di:t~t_ . the automatic deClassification' and' releas. to the' 'public of infoxmation on a sPecific &l.te or eventdete%mined by the original classification . authority, or on the expiration of a maxi mum period .of time for

.. classification estabiished by this order. It features two . simple mandates: classifY oill.y when 'necessarY to do' so,.~· 4ec~assify. as ~ch as' possible as soon as· possible •. The order also calls for .creatingthe proper balance between the f+ee flow of information,t:othe public':'-including 25-year-old information of

. historical signi~icance~~and protecting the nation's legitimate . secrets, even when they are recorded in documents:. of historical,

significance. .

" '(U) To ,meet the intelligence demands of the nuclear age and Cold War , the National Reconnaissance ,Office (NRC) was formally established in theDep&rtment of Defense in' '1961.. It combined , for the' first; t1JQe in one organization all major elements of the intelligence community, the military services, and numerous .industrialfixms ·t.o· design, build, launch, and operate the . nation's reconnaissance satellites and.certain aerial reco~issance vehicles~ TheNRO missiOn thus turned on employing advancedtecbnology in overhead Systems to collect both signals and imaging intelligence worldwide. The' sensitivity of the NRO mission dUringthe.Cold War was such' that the . organization itself remained covert U!J.til .1992 ~ Moreover', significaritamounts of satellite reconnaissance technology developed by the NRO and the methodologies for. employing this technology against extremely perishable information targets remain sensitive today, eVen though they falLwithin the 25-

. year~old framework of B.O" 12958, as amended. The need to protect sensitive space,' intelligence operations 8nd capabilities was codified by Presic:iential Decision Directive. PDD-49, National B.Pac~poli~, dated l"September 1996.

. (U) The NRC serves as the Execut! ve Agent for the Director of Nationa;i. Intelligence (DNI) in providing guidance for . protecting the non-product aspects of satellite reconnaiss~ce . systems. The release of sa,tellite reconnaissance information as described in this guide is consistent~ w~ th ~rovisions of PDD-49 and with the ONI's statutory responsibility to protect.sources

and methods. 136 .

'lOP ac:JtZI'll..,'" ;_'"2SZ1

1

(

{

. . .

. (U) The basic' structure of this 4eclassi~ication guide is

PaseQ. on the applicable exemptiOns frOm .automatic declassification contained in B.O. 12958, as amended (Sec

3 • 3 (b)'). Eight' of the nine eXelDPt;i.ons apply to the. reView of NRO records based on the. NRc Piles SeriesExemptionPlan~ These

.. eight.· exemptions:Pertain to' informati~ that would:

a. (0)' ·reveal information about· the application of any inte~ligence source or method e " ~ •• (ExemPtio~ NulIiber 1)

. b •. (0)· -reveal information thAt would assist' in the' development or used' of wU:pons' of mass de.struction.· (~tion NUIIlber 2)

. e , (0) ·raVe&! information that Would imPair U~S~ cryptologicsystems or activities· (Exemption Number 3") .

..' .... .

d. (0) -·reveal information that Would impair the

. application of stat;.e-of-the-ar.t teChnology within a O.S~ weapon

. system· (Exemption Number 4) . . .

e. (0)' -reveal actual U.SI 'military war plans that . remain in. effect- .(Exemption Hl.1lDb8r 5)

f. (0) -reveal information that would serioUSly and demonstrably impair relations between the United States and a foreign government, or seriously and demonstrably undermine 'diplomatic activities of th~ Onited States-(Exemption Numbei 6.)

g. (0) -reveaJ.information· that.would·seriouSly and demonstrably impair current national security emergencY pr&paredness plans - (EXempt;.ion NwDber ·8)

. h. (0) ··violate a statute, treaty~ or international agreement - (Exemption Humber 9)

.. (U)·. GeD.eral .. th0401ogy .

(U) .' TJ;te specific' guidelines in this document establish the methodology for determining what 25-year-old information shall be declassified and what 25-year-old information must remain classified. To' maximize the 'release potential .of a document that emmot be released in its entirety, classified information will be redacted, Le., renaered unreadable. Before release, certain information elements also'may have to be referred to an outside agency that had original classification responsibility for that

2

.,.. __.. ·.t ..... ···I5B r", ~,¥.

(.

data', . or otherwise has primarY concern for the· information equities.

, (U) Information reviewed is therefore proce~sedfor: one of three results~·· It will bEt reCommended for: aelease· as is,

· ~ction~ . or· !eferral to another authority for further, review, coor!llnation, or· disposition. Referred NRO information will be redacted before tr8nsf~ingthe documentation outside NRC control for action by, other government agencies. '(Final, approval .for release of 25 ,year-old NROrecords in any form,however I. ' alwaYs rests with the NRO official designated as the Seal and

Release Authority [BRA]). .

, (U)· Release: The main objective 'is to release as mUCh information as possible without ccmp:i:omisingnational security •. Information not meeting any of the amended E.0.12958· exemption criteria must be recommended for releaSe.

'(U) Redact: Redactio~ involves remo~ingstill-classified .port~ons of a. clas,sified document in order· te> make the document: unclas,sified and releasable. The ·.actualmechanics of redactiD.g information will depend on whether hard copy paper records .or

· soft copy computerized rec:ords ax-e being processed. Specific

\ redaction methodOlogy is explained in ,the NRO Review and

\ Redaction ProcedUres (RRP) (published s$parately) •

. ."

. (U)· The basic redaction philosophy calls. for 'redacting only

information that qualifies under one of the automatic declassification ex~tions in B.O. 12958, as amended. In its

· application, information is never redacted to avoid.reveding poor judgment, an 'illegal act,. or an. embarrassment to the docuineDt ' Iii author or anyU. S. GoVernment agency or department, including the, NRO.

, (U) Redacted information can consist of a single word, a phrase or clause, 'several sentenCes, andlor several paragraphs, pages or sections~· As ·littleas possible will be redacted, even if 'the residual legible text is· awkward •...

. (0) Rewriting is. not permitted to generalize ·or smooth the text Where deletions have created disjointed phrases or ' sentences. However, addftional words, sentences, p8.r2i.graphs, or entire sections of a docUment can be redacted for the following reasons:

a. To prevent easy recon~truction of the deleted material, or

3

(

(

b. If the required deletion distorts the meaning of the remaining text o.r reriders it meaningless.

(U) Refer: Some ciOcuinents are referred to another

governmeJit Ilgency (OGA) for reVi.·· and . f1nal. release .

. authorizat.ionbecause they were originAlly:' classified by that . agenCy.' Referral also may be required when documents origina11y classified by the NR6 contain information equities of primary concern to another agency. IDformation requiring referral has been: identified· to . the extent possible in the detailed guid~lines contai~ed in this document. If present,'. referral

. actions will be listed first for individual s~ject topic.s. The Information Access and Release Team's (IART) ·how to· Review ana. Redaction Procedures eXplains the mecbilDics of processing' information that 'requires referral •

. (U)·Effective· dates that appeAr Within parentheses in

. this' guide mark the date' that a change to the RRG took effect for the specified . informat~on elements .•

. i '

(

\

t

".

..

(U) Executive Order. 12958, Section 3.3(c) as· amended, authorizes theNRO Director to recommend for exemption f~om. a,u'toiDatic declassi:fication certain, '£iles series of NRO records that, invariably contain classified, information falling into one .or more of the nine exemption categories specified in Section' 3.3(b). A list of exempted Records Control Schedule (RCS) item numbers iscontain4ed in the NRO Review' and Redaction Resource Biilder, . also published separately. For detailed information reg~ding NRO exempted file series, see the NRC File Series Exemption Plan submitted by the DNRO to the' Information Security OVersight Office (rsoo) in October 1995, which was subsequently approved by the President on 9 March i999.

(U)· Follow-on Revi .. for' ContiDU.4 .".,.,tion frca·Declassification.

(0) All NRO documents exeupted from automatic declass:lficationin full or in part during the baseline review will' be declassified if they are not·otherwise' re-evaluated and properly exempted by 31 December of ~e . year in which they become SO years old. Any document (s) given follow-on exemption

,

(

(

\ \.

will. be iildividUally IJIIttkedincompli~ce with the' ~S~ code and assigned a future date 'or event' fo~ declassification'.

. 5

'. " .

. ~ aeJIiIIi"'IS:/'_'_' '2m

Ii I. r i,

(U). Release' and RedactioD . . Guidelines

•. ._, •. __ •. _ a.: .... __ .•..• • _ •. .. _. __ .... __ . .. _ •. __ .. . __ ._.... ••.•.• ...•. _. __ • __ ._ ._ ••.• ...... , _ .. __ ._

mP 8BelUft(t''l'Id(..".//2SZ20

(

'.

\. _ 1,. (U). R.eveal %Dfoa.ation· AboUt the .application.

\'. of Any Znt.l11genc:. soUrc •• aD4 .etboaJl (25][1)

7

. 1

\

/

(

. . a. ('0) Although not subject to ~$lDPtion under E e . O .• 12958,.

as· amended, ze&!act all "_. alIA .lpatare. of ... pu:tlclpmt.' UDl.". they ..-r iD ~. OZ' haft beaD. zrel_--' tizI4er 1.2.2·. For ·those whose names have been approved for release in

these references, line-through all stgnatures of·NRP participants; see also. Paragraph 9.105,' 135 (Effecti va 22 August

.·2005) SignatUres ofOSD officials (SECDEP, DEPSECDEP, DDR&E,

etc.)., however,·· can be. released. 121 .. . . . . .

b. ·(0) All cable slugs, plus those administrative,

. secUri t,y, and codeword !Dll%'kings not identified below·for· .

rei~se.' ._.. .

.Bal .... ,

· a .(0) Document Control Numbers: .

(1) (0) The BYE' prefix to BYEHAN DocUment .Accountability Numbers (DAN)· and numbers ·associated with the BYE

t pref~x.130· (Effective 21 May 2005) .

"

(2) ·(0) ,BIF DANs/message-cite numbers and Specific program-related dOcument controlnumbers/messag.-cite numeers· associated with theBYEKAN control· system •.

(3) (0' BYEHAN Cover Sheets andBYEMAN security term:i.ilology, to include .the word BYEKAN 8nd its abbreviations .BYE,'. Bravo and references to ·B-, system.13O

· b. (U) Non-B'YEHAN document control numbers or message cite numbers, or similar d~signators associated wi th officially

. declassi£ied and acknowledged . former BYEHAN. programs, 'L. e. ,

COR~, OXCART ~ IDEALIST. 26 . .

· c. . (0) -SPECIAL HANDLING· caveats that were predecessors

to theBYEMAN control system for protecting satellite .

.. reconnaissance programmatic information. 26

..

d. (U) Identification markings for specific copy numbers assigned toa docUment Ii. e. I ·copy 4 . of 10 copies .• 26

e. , (U) The security channel code words TALENT-KEYHOLE and . the abbreviation -'TK ." 8

mP 8BC:D'1'llftJf_/lII'ff2SZ1

8

/ {

,f.. (0). The satellite imagery product code word ·RUFF.Me

, go ~ (0) The. sateilite iluagery product code Word· .DAFF. ,,27

.' .. .

h. (0), The' satellite SIGIN'!' product code word -ZARP •• 56

i" . (0) References' to • continued control· control markings ~ e, .

. j. . (0) References to the terril, ·sw.itive Compart:mented Information· and its abbreviation.SCI~.5, 25

, k. (0) The folloWing SIGM produc·t code. words:25

ACORN . AMBLE

BASTE CANOE '. CHEEk

CHO'1'E , COPSE

. "
C1UWI FLARE KJ:MBO PIXIE 'l'HOHB
CRONE FROTH LQ.UH SABRE TIaNE
DAtJN'1' GAVEL HAGIC. SAPPY . TWEED.
DENIH GLINT HORAY . SAVIN ULTRA
DINAR. . BERON PEARL . .SPOKE tJHBRA
EII)ER "HYSON PINUP SPRIG. OSHER
IVORY PIVOT SUEDE WITCH (

t -

'"

, '

1. (U) The folloWing SIGIN'l'· Exchange Designators: 25

..

ARCA DIK'l'ER

, DIVERSITY . DRmD

FRONTO KAHPO'S KEYRUT MOSKET

NECTAR' PROTEIN PYLoN . RORIPA'

sARDINE' SEABOOT SETTEE 'rHESPIS

m. (U) The following COHINT flags:25,77

· DELTA (Effective 9/7./01) Eel'

· GAMMA

, Handle via COHINTChannels Only SpE!cial,'~telligence (SI)

, Very Restricted Knowledge (VRK)

· n. . (U) The following SIGINT-related paragraph portion,.. mark10g conventions:25

(1) (C-qoo) ·CONFIDENTIAL-Handle via COMINT Channels

(2) (G)

• GAMMA·

J

(

\

(

r:

. '.'

(4) (SC) (5) (sex) (6)' (TSle)

'. "

·SECRET SPOKE·

·SECRET MORAY·

(7) (TS-ceo) ·ToP SBCRB'l' Haiicue·via C~ Channels

(8) .. (TS-me) ·'l'OPSECRET-Handle via TALBN'r-KBYHOLE COMXNT Sontrol Systems Jointly

(9) (TSG')

·TOP SECRET UMBRA·"

e , (0) Distribution lists as long as classi·fied or unacknoWledged activities and/or personnel that might be present

in s~cb iists are redacted. ~6 . . .

. . p~ . (0) .Citations· of or .. references to' classified· records in the body of the document or as part of· a bibliography,'

as long as any classified infor.mation is redacted fram within the citation or reference itself.o

. q. (0') Barcodes.100

(0)· To the Na,tiona.l Security Agency (NSA) : Any info:rmation. controlled by the security codeword, -ZARF· or arrydocument iden~ifiedby the releasable SIGIN'l' product code words, SIGADS, and the COHLNT flagelisted above.s"

!'M M::Ift;iS/' .... ' ... J./25U

10

.. .... ~

'1.2' (V)' About the .. tiozual· ... CODD&:l •• a.c. Pz:c;agraa .·(liD) .

: .

J:nli:o%liIation that includes but is not limited intelligence collection'

the ... fact. of· space; ··fact of-

.R&1 .....

a.. (U). -Fact of- .satelli.te photo%;"econnaissance .for peaceful purposes., including intel~igence collection and monitorihg of arms control agreements.1

.

· b. (U) -Fact that· satellite photoreconnaissance includes a near':"reai,...time . (NRT) :capability and is' used to provide defense-related· information for indications and waxning and the plazmini and conduct' of mili taryoperations .. This NRT capability can bec;rUantified in tenns of generic reference to minutes or

hours.3, 75 .

· . c.' . (U)· • Pact of - satelli tephotorecorina.issance for the collection of mapping I charting,' ~ geodetic' (MCicG) . data for the' deVeloPment. of global geodetic andcartographl.c· materials to support defense and other mapping-related activities, and that such data is released to authorized federal agencies . 3

• d , . (U) ·Pact that- scientific and enviroDDientaldata and .

. data on naturai or' huDian made disasters can be! collected by satellite photoreconnaissance assets and disseminated to authorized federal agencies.3(See guidance 1m Civil Applications

Committee.in section 1'.2.3) .

· e. (U) -Fact .that- photoreconnaissance assets can be used to i.i:oage .the United States and its terri~ories and possessions.3

11

. '

I

1

I

/. . ..... '

"

,

f~ un • Fact that· ,the u.S.' condUcts satellite coilection'

• of siSJnals intelligence (SIGINT), .ee include' the S:IGIN'l', component disciplines of COD'"""ni cations iIitelligencfi!(COKINT), ele,ctronic intelligence (ELINT), and foreign' instrumentation

,si~ls (PISIN'l'). 3, ,5 ,.,'

g. '(U) -Fact that- 'U,; S ./NRO systems' perfom overhead " measurement and signature in,telligence (KASINT) collection3, 53 '(see section '1.5) •

h.(U) General facts, surrounding official 'aisclosure of the n.s. satellite reconnaissance progX-aJD in the,' sunner ,of 1962 to' all NATO heads ,of government, Foreign Kinisters, and. ' pe~entRepresen:tatives to the North Atlantic Council. 20

, ,i.', (tn Fact of and generic', !nfomai::ion about 'the NRO/NaP . association with tactical reconnaissance arid ,the Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities (~) program within the pepartment of Defense.2

(E~fective 8/7/02)

( i

A-.-

! '

12

.. : :.::~f..:~ ~ .... ~.>\~ '. > .. :

.. " ....

1.2.2 ·(V) ... ticmal iteCom.~·.~ •.. ftotP.;- %iI!~:I.oIi.

· A. (0) Detail~ of 'curren~ .and futur~ programs inelu.ding

. ·desigri., manufacturing, tests, sQhedules, ·operatiOnsi ana funding;

. exact geographic locations of Hission.Ground Stations; . and. .

~n~rability and survivability information.

activities. provided by Program orc:r8IlLizati~ns wi thin the NRO.

· c. (0) Details about a:O.d:methodologies used in' security and. coverplanldng, and covert contracting; except as detail:,.ed

later· in Section 1.15.56 . .

d. (U) All information not specified below for release •

... 1 .... 1·.

· A.

. '1

(0) . -Fact of- the NRP. and NRO~ .

b. (U) -Fact of- the IntelligenceCommwlityparticip_tion .in- the NRO.1.

· c •.. ·(0) -Fact that- the NRO is an agenCy of ·the Department of Df!feIise (DOD). The. Secretary of ~fense (SECDEF) has. ultimate responsibility, exercised in concert with the DNI, for

management and operation. 1 .. ... .

· d. (U) -Fact that- the NRO execUtes programs through the

CIA· and DOD.1 .

. . e. (0) The following • facts about - OOI NRP responsibilities: 1

,

·(1) (U) Establishes NRP collection

. priorities/requirements for the targeting of NRP operations and the frequency. of coVerage,

. .

(2) . (0) Establishes the NRPbudget with the Secretary of Defense (SECOEF) ,

(3) (U) Provides security policy guidance for the NRP,

and··.

l'

... _!r .. "", .......... '2!JZ1 . rr· r I . 7,

(4) (U) Guides/participa.te~ in formulation of the NRP through the ·DNRO.

- . .

.f. (0)· Fact that· the NRP is· part ·of . tlle National Foreign·'

Intelligence Prc:>gram· (NFIP) .21 . • .

g. (0) Identities of ~e following peopie: (1) All past and present DNROS, 1~ ,.

(2) All past ~ present NRC Depu~'Directors .. (D~S), and past Directors of NRC Programs A, S, and C.3&

(3) Past Directors of the NROStaff (SAF/SS). 70

. h. (0) Only program mission nUmbers associatE!d with the decl~ssified CORONA~ ARGON, LANYARD. (CAL) . imaging systemS. and . the KH-7 and KH-9 imaging sySteDlS(see section 1.3 ~2) ~ 8 .

. .

-- - I

\

i. (U)Vague ,generic irifo~tion ·about covert satellites', especially in a conceptual context, wi thout reference 'to .. possible sPecific ~omponents, methodologies, technology applications or' specific goals that wOUld constitute or enable a pOtential' covert llltelligence, surVeillance, or reconnaissance

(ISR'> satellite capability. 50

.. j. (Ur (0) ~Fact of" the Satellite Operatioils' Center. (SOC) located in the Pentagon and generic info~tion surroUnding its function of forwarding collection requirements from the o.s. Inteliigence Board (OSIS) ·for ~lementation/tasking b¥ the s~telli te ground stations. ~ ..

- .

k.(O)Th~ associ~tion of NROwith NASA without identifying specific projects or activities; except for the following: . (Effective 6/29/01). 53~69.71

. .

.(1) NASA'.s limited role in the P-35 and P-417 programs of' the Defense Meteorological Satellit, Program (DMSP).

(2)' NASA's use of NRO' SAKOS a-a payload technology iIi. its 1966 Lunar Orbiter mission.

(3) NRO support of NASA's lunar reconnaissance operations in the i960s that involved .unmanned and manned [Lunar Orbiter and Apollo] projects,' as established in .the 28 August 1963 'DOD/CIA-NASA Agreement on NASA Reconnaissance Programs"

)

and 'associated correspondence (E06-000S).14. Rot.: The codeword asso~iated with support to the Apollo,' proj ect has not been . declassified. '

1 e . (0') .Fact, of andgeneral.information about'the DNRQ's role' ~ chairing the. InterdePartmental COntingencjPlannirig COmmitt~e C±CPC) '. This body served as 'a mechantsm to insure' a fully coordinated OS' Government response to' contingencies " relating to 'satellite or air vehicle overflight of denied'

. .." '.' .

territory. ' . ..,._

: .. .

. . .

: m.. (0) The DO provided classified remote sensing data to· other federal agencies' for civil support puxposes,_ to include . general information about the following aspects of·that

suppprt. 9a'(Effective 3/11/03) .

n,)' Cl~sified overhead' imagery s~rt began. in'the mid-1'960s Under the auspices of the Presidential Science Advisor.· (See' the Unclassi'fiedcode word' ABOOin. Appendix. C.) .

(2) A specialfacili ty ,was establishe(!' 'in 1969 in the

Washington D. C. area. operated by the, o. S. GeOlogical Survey' .

where federal civilian agencies could use classified remote

sensing data. . .

(3" A Presidential_ecutive Order ,created the Civil Applications Committee (CAC) in 1975. -The CAe prOvided and cO,nt;inues to provide interagenCy oversight ·and· adVocaCy for the, c9llection'and use 9f classified overbead imagery and data by f~al civil agencies. In addition to, the basic mapping and charting activities,oiber major applications of these data include emergency responses to natural disasters 1, detecting and·

. mapping the spread of wildfires 1 menitor!Dg volcanoes and . ecosysteuis1and mapping wetlands. The HRO was and is a nonvoting AssociateCAC inember, along with the Department of State and. ~e National, Geospatial-Intelligence .Agency (NGA-one' of whose predecessor organizations ,WaS NfIC). CAe Voting Members include the' Departuients of Agriculture,' Energy, Transportation, Commerce~ Interior, the Federal Emergency Management Agency,. the National Science Foundation, th~ Environmental Protection Agency, the National Aeronautics and~ace Administration, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

,a. (U) To Secretary of the Air Force SAF/AQ Security: All reconnaissance aircraft information after 1974.

15

· /

\

( b.(U) To the National Security Council (NSC): Any records

addressing the 5412, 3·03, or 40 Committee meetings and their role. in approving 1II*=1fla. overflight ·reconnaissance. operations·.~~ (These cOmmittees sOmetimes referred to as .the· "Special Group.·). iIrote:· "Fact that". these committe.s reviewed. and ~eco:auiaended overflights for Presidential approval· is: unclassified. (S.ee .1.2.3. Release (d»

(

'-.

(~

! i

:

I .

\

,

i

I

.j !

\

('

'>- ..

1.2.3 (V) Ozgu.i .. t:10Da1 aa1a~i.aDa'!'1p.,

'. (U) This section contains' redaction' and release guideline~ for Jegacyorganizations within ·theNRO: Secretary of- 'the Air ~orcespaceSystem. (W/SS); SecretarY-of. the Air Force Special

. Proj ects (SAF/SP) ProgJ"am A; "CIA Qftice of. Engineering 'aDd

. Development (OD&E) . Program B; Naval Research Lab and elements o,f . Naval 'Security Group, Program C) ;' NRP '~rcraft Reconnaissance through July 1974 (program D) (S.ee als01.14d

1.2.3..1. SUISS

• ,0.

. a, ~ Details: concerning the associatlOU of the 'DO

headquarters ~t ~ Secretary of. the IJ,r PorceSpace syst~lIui .

th . at large. One specific e:uDl>le is. the .

.

(b) (s,L.l'!C) Details concerning SAP ISS SU1:nx.rc " ........ V';

.. ~nnel at NltO mission' ground .. stati~DS,

...... ' certain contractor

it that

. c. (0) . All references that identify the various office designations of SAP/Sa in thePentagori DOt i4eDti~ie4 in Rel .... below .:'

: d. (0) The ~es and signatures of all NRO personnel not identified·in·Ael .... below, in 1.2.2 ( .. 1 .... ), or in Appendix

B for release. 141 .

Jtel .....

a. (0) Fact of the'creation of the Office of Hissile and Satellite Systems (SAF/HSS) in September 1960 under the direction of Air Force Ondersecretary Joseph Cbaryk.22 Fact that SAP/MES became the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) in. september 1961, with its named changed toSAF/SS. '!'he NRO is currently governed by the ·Agreementfor Reorganization of the National Reconnaissance Office- . dated ·11 August 1965, signed by

17

...

D DC:aftfIKli ... 1Wi/25Z1.

. .' . .

the Deputy Seaetary: of oefense 8nd the OCI" This agreement, with' the exception of paragraphs three ··aDd. four in AppEmdix ·A,

is likewise releasable. 111 .

. . .

'b. ·(U) ·Pact ·thilt· the early NRO.satellite reconnB.l.ssance· Pr6~ams A, B, and C w~e . aSsociated With ,the Air Force, CIA, . and Navy , respectively .1. Also the - fact ~t - Program· A' was assoqiated·~th high iesolut~on imaging andSIGINT satellite deVelopment ; Program B was likewise aSsociated with imagirig (to include electro-optical) and SIGM satellite development;: and . Program C was associated with ·SIGmT' satellite development. 62,

·(Effective 9/13/00) ,.. . . .

,c; (U) ·Fact that- in early 1964 an NRC Executive .

Committee was establish$d and i-tS members consisted .of .OCI ,HcCon~, DOCX Carter,. Deputy: Secretary of Defense (DEPSEcoEF) Vance. Office of the Secret~ of Defense/. Director, DefenSe

.. Research ·and Engineering (OSD/DDR&E)FubW, and, DirectorNRO

(DNRO) KcKillan.16 ... .' .. .

, 'd. (U)· General information sUrrounding the fact that SAP/SS Was the unclassified name associated. with the, NRC) Staff that supported the DNRO and DDNRO. The following -facts of- and ~facts about- SAP/SS and its SAF/MSS predecessor organization also are releasable. 57, 68 (Effective 6/29/01) .

, , .. (l),(U) Fact that. personnel assigned t() SAP/SS and

SAF/HSS provided support to the Secretary, Under Secretary and Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Space) on aircraft and

·space reconnaissance matters.· .

(2) (U)'Identities of all past SAP/SS and SAP/KSS Staff Directors .

. (3) . (U) General association of SAP/SS with the CORONA, ARGON, LANYARD., GRAB, and poppy programs •

. ( 4) (U) General description of . SAP ISS operations and. . support· functions if not associated With curr~tly classified NRC ;information.

.. .

~ . (5~(U) S~/88 offic~ designators and respective

titles, Le., S8-1 through S8-9, or P&B,L&A, S&T, Programs & Budget, Policy & Security, Liaison & 'Administration, Systems & Technology, etc., all 'located at: the Pentagonheadquaiters.

. {6} (U) -Fact of- the SAF/SS role as Secretariat

.11

I

\

c-

..... ··Bi·_ "",A "2m

" r,. i II .. '

for th8 .. :Il1temepartmental' Contingency,' Plan~i nO' cODIIIli ttee (J:CPC.), Fact' of and general' information about the DNRO role inCha~r~ the ;tCPC. This bodysexVed as .. mechanism to~ure a fUlly coordinated us Governlnent response to'contingencies relating to satel.lite or air Vehicle overflight of' denied territory~ ~5

1.2.3.2. SUID (~ .. A)

. (D) ,Any references to' 'the identity, 'functions, ,missions, and locations' of the various office components of 'the Secretary, of the Air Force Special Projects (SAF/SP) -. that ,involVe 'offices

, . delidgnated "~7 ,aDa blPE. "

, (0) Keeping in'mind the redaction element ii. above, general, information regarding'~e. fact that SAF/SP Was' the overt office

, desii;rnator for' NRo Program 'A and was based in Los Angeles, CA.

Its· Director· also .' held the open title 'as DepUty Comand.er of the

Air Force Ballistic Missile Division and'its successor ,

organizations. Other ackn~wledged SAF/SP locations include Los

, Ange~esAir Force Station' (APS) I CA (later named Los Angeles Air Force Base [AFB]), sUnDyVale AFS, 'CA, Wasbington~ D.C.,

vandenberg AFB, CA,- and Cape canaveral Air Station, PL. All past PrOgram A Directors can be acknowledged.' SAF/SP offices . designated SP-l through SP-6, alolig with the ,office titles" can bEt released Unless such disclosure would reveal information ., ' regarding Classified operations and technolOgi'es. 23, 68, ,. Office '

4a.igaat:oft "-7 U14' ~ azoe IIOt nleuabl ••

1.2.3.3.· eu <Prop! .. B)

, ('0) Fact that CJ:A/Office·of Development and Engineering (OD&:B),previouslYthe. Office of Speciai Activities (OSA) • was the overt office designator for Program B, and was located in

the Washington, D.C. area. 1 , , '

, b4act

J.S.11'f'K)· Historical relationships between the NRC and the following Navy organizations:,

\

- ,

, , ,_,"'",'.

I'Gl' 'BeD'l'ffBfl __ fDI12Sn

. ".' ,

.. 1_

(0') 'Fact that Program C was loCated in the' washington, D.. C • area' and c~isted' of elements of' the Naval ResearCh Laboratory and ~e' Naval SeCuri~y Gro~. The other overt office , designator(s) prior, to 1977 have not been declassified.1,g3 (,Effective '12/20/02) ,

1.2.3.5.

, " "

C%AI Air I'oz'c. "ch'Ocrrila 1»

, , " '

"

(0) Subject to redaction guidance at "SectioD,1.14 ,general information surroundi~Program D," which was" associated with the research"&: developinent, testing.&l)d operation of,airborne collection assets, including the 0-2", A-12/0XCAR.'l', and the D-21. 'l'AGBOARD "Drone designed to be launched from the A-12 ~ 'Fac't that ~am D managed "many aspects' of the $R-11' proj'ect 'for the Air

'Porce and that Program D also managed' seVeral' other reconnaissance

droDe projects iIiadditiori to TAGBOARD~6.55 Pact that aerial' ,

overflight 'operiiltions were coordinated with and approved by the" NSC's5412,303~ and 40 Committees, and that manned overflights' of foreign/denied territory wer$ approved by the President .115

"

,.'

20

(

1.3 (U) Satellite %mapJ.'y Syat_ 1.3.1 (U) %IIIt.gU'y IyJIt_ %Dfozaatioa

a.cJaaCI

a. ~ Any information· indicating or implying tbe following outside a context associated with the CORONA, ARGON, or LANYARD imaging systems. (Effective 5/16/03)101

(3) .(.B'J Imaging operations

f51 All information on

. d. (S..I-Pl!fq All other information not cited below for any references that connect; the NRO

--

, and the code w,,", .. .,;t.,.

these activities

... l .....

a. (U) -Fact of- and limited information about electrooptical imaging.2• 61 (See paragraph 1.3.2) (Effective 7/31/00)

. b. (U) KH-11 system designator, used in isolation or related in a general way with intelligence activities, but

21

. :.' .. '

t" I

disaSsociated frain specific intelligence·. operations, organizations or related national security' matters. 2

'c •.. (U) ·Fact of· research and deVelopment in Image Fusion Tech¢.ques • 2

. . .

. . ' d. EO'). GeneralIMINT pro~am acquisition management plans

and schedules. for cOmmercial. off-the-shelf sub-systems without "

.program association.2 .

. . . .

e.· (0'). ·Pact that· D!Im sYStems use i1Qn-specified relay

satellites for data return. 2 . '. .. '. . . . . :. . .. . .

f. (O')·Pact that· data return is near-reAl-time. (note that. exact respOnSe times are classified· S/Tlt) .2 .

. . .: g. (0') Conceptual line, non-scal,esilhouette drawings of DriNT satellite vehicles· (SV) without antenna size and location and/or interior detail.2.

h.. (0') Developmellt documentation and usage. docunientation

of prograJll· star catalogs.2 .

;-- i. (0') Number of stars used to create catalogs and source"

'--catalogs.2

.:1. . (0'). DOc:umE!ntation relatl~g· t~ how star catalogs are applied·. 2

. k.(O') Position accUracy of the stars in a star ·catalog.2 . 1. . (0'). Fact that the IMINT· program uses a particular· star catalog. 2

. ·Defense Mapping Agency· . or .D!m:. p'_~I .. g ......... te ree:omiaissance or IHINT programs ;;;bu~t...;;:;:::.=....==.

n. (0') Data content of the raw DKA/Special Mission

Tracking Program (SHTP) collection.:I .

o. .. (0') Performance· chaXacteristics of the mapping,

. charting and geodesy (KCGcG) mission . derived via the DMAsegment·, i . e .. , stereo image, linear error, circular error ~ :I .

22

a .,_ .. ., .... '_' '1&1

rr oj , 1#

(

r

, ' p. (U), ·Pact of·' the Southwest Geodetic Control' Network (~) and'its characteristics.2

,q. (U) Utilization of the SWGCN,to verify KC&G performance

,on DaN'r systems. 2 ' ,

'r ~ (U)Title, ·Metric AsS~Ssmeilt Program· (HAP) .,2

, s. '(U) The best-achieved resol~~ion of any imaging system , as being 2 feet. [See section 1 ~ 3 ~ 2, pa;-agraph f .. (9) as this , ' ',guidAnce relates to 1OI~7] (Bffective311i/03)' The singlE' , ," except,ion is the projected one:" foot resolution associated with'

the 'failed P-camera exPeriment flown on CORONA ~ssion 9056' in iate' June 1963. 'Information,' relating to this experiment' and its

'ailticipated resolution is reieas8ahle~10' (BffeCtive 3/1/04).

. '. .. . .. . . .

.,.

r'

( .

\

, t.'(O) When associated with the ,CORONA, ARGON',or LANYARD systems" ,generic references and/or references in a conjectural context ,to the foll9lring:101' (Bffective 5/16/0,3)

(1) Nighttime or low light ilnarging

(2) 'Imaging operations on the ascen&g pass,

"

, "

, u. (U) References to, the 80's roie in establishing the requirements 'for, initiating, and managing' the first operational polar orbiting meteorological satellite program. Other NROrela~ed facts' about, this progx:am and, its relationship to imag~ng reconnaissance satellites, as detailed in the unclassified NRO history of this effort issued in 2001;' are alsoreleasBble.

I I

I i

, 1

(U)' To National Geospatial-IntelligenceAgency (NGA), formerly the National Imagery clnd. Mapping Agency (NIMA): all Defense Happing Agency (DKA) ,computer hardware (minus crypto) and software modules, computation algorithms not related to ~'environments, and overhead imagery not already released in

CAL and KH-7 and 101-9 actions.2 (Bffec'tive 11/24/03) ,

~ ..-:IKft//'J:iJ '_'''112511

23

.\ .~ I.

1 ~3. 2 . (U) lIoIl-opeRthm.' DlJ:8II 8yIIt:tIU

(sr The NRC> has decl~sifitd most' of the· Wormation on the CO~,: ARGON, and LANYARD (CAL) .IHIN'l' systems (see App~ix F)

. and the SENTRY/SAHOS IHIN'l' systems '(see APPendix E) • "A1lother~" .. non-operational .-rLIYstems . remain classified. A few' selected facts' about the _(KH-7), _ (IaI-9),and _ (KH~· 11)&ystems also' b4ve been declassified, as specified below.

under ·aelease~· .

Jteclac:tl .

. . .

a •. J"S.I-Pl!'K) All ~nformation concerm.ng non-operational IKIN'l' programs that reiDainclaasified. '!'his includes the IMIN'l' terms and code words listed below. Should a redactor' encounter a tenn or cOde word' that may still be classified but is not. on this

. list" consult the RedAction Quality Control SUpervisor' for

guidance. .'

)

.. :

c·'

of and. all references 132

I'

(

\

. .

. c. ~ All references (expl~ci t or' ~P.L·;a.c\.Aj

aka, m-9) programmatic information including

All refer~ces (explicit or mapping. camera system except for the limited below for' releas~ • All· references' to the film used,

(explicit or implied) to the program and to programmatic information

references to ..

the film' used, and to the

. ,

IJ9P .... f fBi ._ fJip,f 'Ial

~ II , , IY .

i i

134

) AlI.references (CAI~"'''''''''''

camera system eXcept. for information

.. identified below for release. (The KH-7 program, from R&D to

last. flight, covered the years 19Q1-1967.)

·e. (p1 All references to for the

limited information on the KH-11 designator at previous

-Release- (see a. under paragraph 1.3.1.) Other redaction exceptions are the Bini ted information designated' for release below and in other parts of this document as follows:

(1) Paragraph 1. 3 .3, IMINTSystems Ground Operations

(2) Paragraph 1. 6.4, RelaySatelli tes

(3) Paragraph 1.10.3, Launch Dates

(4) Paragraph 1.11.1, Development. and Acquisition, General Participant Relationships

(5) Appendix B, Releasable Names (Effective 7/31/00) .

.... -

,

f. (U).AlI other information not cited below for release.

a.~ Without any connection the -fact

that- the S-2· program was a development effort sponsored by Program A (SAF/SP) in the early to mid-1960s as a follow-on to the CORONA photo-satellite system.16

. b.(U) "Fact that~ the E.O. imaging· system was first launched on 19 December 1976 and that President Gerald Ford declared it operational on 20 January 1977.61 (Effective 7/31/00)

c. (U) "Fact of- charge-coupled device (CCD) array technology used in the E.O. imaging satellite.61 (Effective

7/31/00) .

. d. (U) Association of Program A with a post-CORONA high resolution imaging satellite system. 62

(Effective 9/13/00)

26

(

e~· (U) Pact·thatNRO high resol~tion imaging ·satellite payloads have Ii distinctive ·pOinting- capability.62 (Effective 9/13/°0) .

· f.: ($,11ft) Without any associ.tion to the·progr~ •• ·fact of-· the m-7 surveillance sys~ and the .• acts about.-91 (Effective 9/24/02)' .. . . . ..

(1) ('(1) The IntelligenCe CODlmmity's first high

· resolution surveillance or ·spotting· satellite.·

(2) (U)Opei:ational from·July 1963'to·JuDe 1967.

(3) (0) ·Plew 3·8 missions; dUration of missions spanned

· one to. eight days. .

(4) (U). Mission Numbers ·(4001-4038) •

(5) (0') Returned single bucket of filill· to earth for

· each mission.· . .

\. C-

(6) (0) Successfully returned· film on 34 of 38

· missioDS; usable images were obtained from 30 of those 34 missions.

(7) (0) Returned 19,000 frames, totaling 43,000 linear feet.

... (8) (0) • Footprint ·on the ground was approximately 10 nm by 12 nm; total ground coverage for all missions was

.' ;abOut 6.6 million square nm •..

(9) (U) ·Best resolution was initially four feet

· (1.2 meters) on ·ground; bY 1966; ·best resolution improved to two feet (. 6 . meters) •

(10) . (U) Capable of imaging areas 12nm wide, ranging from 5 -·'00 nm long.

(11) (.0) Provided cartographic information for large·, · scale (1:50,000) maps for Department of Defense .

.. (12) (0) Piiority targets for the system included

· ·Soviet and Chinese nuclear installations and ICBM sites.

,27

.. ' 'g~ ... (~ without ass~ciation·to theprograin _,. -fact of- theIal-9 MaPPing camera System ana. the

following '-facts about- it.91 (Effective. 9124/(2) '.. .

(1) Operational. from Karch 1973 to October: 1980.'

. (2) Them~9. system was associated with mi·ssion. . .

numbers 1201-1220 ~ .

(3) The. mappingcamer~ was flown on: 12 missions (1205';' . 5 through 1216-5), all of them successful; duration of

.. these missions ranged from 42. to 119:' days •. '

(4) This. ·frame camera· imagery system was devoted . solely tomappiDg, chartin~,' and geodesy (MC&G). '.

o. • •

(5)Return~d ~~glebucket of fitm to earth' for each·

mission.

(6) Returned 29,000 frames totaling 48,000 linear

.. feet.

(7) • Footprint· on the ground was approximately 70 nm ~ 140 nm; total ground coveraga for all 12 mis~ions was about 104 million square nm..

(8) Provided key cartographic information for Levell."

Digital Terrain Elevationbata (D'l'EO) and 1 :200,000 scale maps •

. (9) Coverage 'of key control· point areas waS imaged in stereo or tri-laps (thr~ times) on'a .single operation to . provide' analysts with· enough de~ailed information.

. . .

(10) Average resolution initially about 30 ft on the ground; improved to about 20 ft on later missions.

. (11) Designed to support foreign and domestic. mapping

requirements and global geodetic positioning; biggest users were the' pefense Happing .Agency (IlNA) and United States Geological SurveY· .(USGS) •

h. . (U) General Information concerning the follOwing LANYARD roll joint capabilities .101 (Effective 5/16/03)

(1) Roll steering was accomplished in 3 discrete angles of 0°, + 15°, and + 30°, offering a total available target

swath width of-192 nautical miles ~ .

28

"

I,

. . .~:' ,

. ,0-:

". '" "

'11'0.' ~IISlI_"'!2sn

,(2) A max!mum'resporiSe',time of 30 seconds' was required for ' roll~g from one 3Qo extremEi' to the other!' Approximately 3 seconds were,required for rolling a 1So inCrement.

(3) The roll, joint ,waS ~apable of 200 maneuvers per

mission.

. '

(

(

,I \

(-

\

. .... BeaB"''S;/ '_AW . '2!JZ1 ~~-,i ,.., II

'.

the Air Force' Special Phc)tolgrillpllic PrIOC4!SlliIlLg' at WestoverAFB, Hassach~setts.80

..

_........ !.. , ... ,,; • , •• • •

,

o~rations. 85, 92 (Effective 3/5/02 & 10/2'2/02)

: .". . .' . .

d. (SJ..PI!Kt' . Any information indicating or suggesting the identification'~ name/acronYm and general location of an IMXNT

MGS.~5, 92 (Effective 3/5/02 &: 10/22/02). .'

. g~ (0) All other information not cited below for release . ... 1 .....

a. (0) -Fact that- the following. agencies provided (and continue to provide) meteorological forecast data to ~ projects.2

(1) HQ USAF/XOW

{2} OSAF Air Weather Service

30

('

(3) USAF Global Weather Central

(4) USAF Erivironmental Technical Applications Center (5') USAF' Space Forecast Center .

· b. ·(U) ·Fact that· the above agencies provide IMIN'l' with atmospheric point analyses.2

· c. (U) Without revealing funding levels, information. about the NRO'S role in the early-1960s initiating and developing the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) to support satellite imaging operations--at that time used primarily b¥ CORONA. General release information includes the various program designators used during DMSP development and operation (e.g .. , Program 35, Program 417,' and Program 698BH) .12,3&

· d. (U) . Without revealing its actual location, -fact that", , the ground station for the. electro-opticai imaging satellite system is located'in the continental U.·S. 61 (Effective 7/31/00)

e. (U) The term -Area 58" or -A,,:,s8" when limited to the r-- context of a very general association with the NRO, intelligence

" . activities, imagery intelligence, or satellite reconnaissance

but not revealing any geographic location information.as (Effective 3/5/02)

'. . f. .§fr The AFSPPF can be ackDowledged as bein~ part of NRO

Prog~am A. Located at Westover AFB~ Massachusetts, 1t has been

ite for CAL film.

g. (U) -Fact that". the 544th Reconnaissance Technical Wing at Headquarters Strategic Air Command processed some of the film from NRO satellites after the closure·ofthe AFSPPF in 1974- 75.124 . (Effective 11/15/04)

f. (U) Descriptions of film processing equipment and of film processing problems, provided that this information does not Oisclose classified facts about the satellite systems.126 (Effective 12/02/04)

31

. {

( 1.4 '(U) ·S:l.gual. lILt.ll:1.gac. (S~a~) 8Pti .•. 1.(V) . ~ 1%GD!r ~~tlcm

(o)1.biee NRC: SIGINT satellite~~temS·havebeen declaSsified to a liJnit~· desiree: the GRAB program· (see ·Appendix A), the WS-117L SENTRY /SAKOS program (see appendix E)., and· the poppy program

(see. Appendix G) ~ All other},1R() SIOI1ft' Systems remain .

. class1tied •. Selected general facts about· the . systems that have been. declassified appear belOw . Under .··Release. - .

'.U1 All informatiOn abOut R&D ,operational and nonoperational NRO··S!GI1ft' collection· and 'processing programs, with the exception of th~ three programs noted above and the general· .. infoi:lDation cited below for release. Iilformation to be redacted will. typiqally include signal :Parameters against which a ·system

is des~gned to collect, System . . ons;' techilology, ....

tions

program names , .

. dates, contractors,' , locations, and satellite

vulnerabilities includirlg suscePtibility to denial, deception,' and countermeasures.

.. ·a. (0) -Pact of- satellite SIGINT collection capabili ty .3, 5 .

, b. (0) -Pact of- satellite COMINT collec~ioncapability.5.
. c. (0) • Fact of- satellite EL~ collection ~~ility.s
d. (0) ·Fact of- satellite FISINT collection capability.s . .

e. (U) Generic references to tJ.S. government SIGIN'l' relationships with Unspecified foreign governments .129

f ~ (U) Generic references· to signals intercept and direction finding capability.s

g.

(U) NSA as the RANGER SPO.5

. .

h. (U) ·Pact that- the NRO is associated with a ·high altitude SIG~ satellite- capability.·62 ·(Effective 9/13/00)

32

......

' .

. ~ '. '.

!W 1IDCIft··Bj·"" 1_. ·asD

. yy. Y , V,. .

(

, i. (U) "Fact that" NRP SIGINT satellites' support military COmbat Search' and ResCue (CSAR) operations'. All facts' about· CSAR remain classified. 142 (Effective 2/1412006)

. .

. ,j.: (U) ".Fact that", SIGtlINTrepo;r~ing by_ space. sy~tems is conducted in near real-time.143 (Effective 2/27/2006)

k., (U) The following -facts' of" regarding NRO Program A SIGINT satellite systems. 62 (Effective 9113/00)

'. (1) (tJ)CapB.ble of on;"orbit processiiig of complex

intercep~ed signals' .

. (2) (Tn Peatured' wideband distributed auiplifiers and

. ·puls~ si~l .processors . '

(3). '. (U) Developed a long-l-ife, multi-purp9seSIGINT satellite system in the 1960& that proved to be the model fo~ follow' on systems.

(4') '. (U)- Developed satellite constellations for; broader, cov~age.

'1. (U) The following "facts about" SIGINT Ground D~ta Processing (Effective with public release of the' GRAB his~6ry brochure on June 1998.

{ll (U) Data collected by SIGINT satellftesare delivered to the National' SeCurity, Agency (NSA) for processing.'

.(2)(U) The Strategic Air Command (SAC) received . duplicates. of ELINT data 'and processed them primarily for ELINT Order of Battle anaiysis of significance to the Single Integrated Operations Plan (S'IOP) .

.

!'eP 1BIE!RB!'}/ft://_,..ll25Z1.

'33

./

I

1 .... 2 . (U) Ikm-Opealtloaal Sl:GIft Syat~

. (0) See AppendiX B for guidance on SENTRY I SAHOS SIGIN'l" information •

. 8. ~ All information concerning ·the non-operational

.' SIGnrr programs and missionS that r_iil classified. This .

includes but is~ot limited to' those programs ~ mi.ssiOns listed below. Should·a·r8d.actor encounter a term'or code word thAt· may still be.classified . .but is not on this list, consult· the ~edaction QualityCoDtrolsupervisor forguidaDce •

. b. (U) Any other SIGIN'l' program .and code words :riot indicated under Release, below.

'6

... ',

. . (U) Fact· of and general information' about the GRAB EtaINT 'sa~ell~:teproject (see Appendix A) .31

. (U) Fact of and general information about· the . popPY 'BLINT satellite project (Effective 12 SeptemDer 2005; see AppeDdix

G);U8 .

35

. .'

.. Jleclaat:1

.. (~All information concernilig the· folloWing current . and future S:IGIN'l' systems that might be reflec~ed in 25-year-old records.

Jta1 .....

'. (0) None. No infoxmation: about· these SIG:INT systems has

been declassified. . . .

......

....

"ma -=aaw"K/' __ ··lm

.•• v~Y.

, ,

1.4.' ,(U) 8:EGDP.r 81pa1 .~t:er.' '

(O') All 'info:rmation except the'very limited releasable information regarding GRAB and' SAMOS Ferret' Payloads. See Appendix A and Appendix B respectively. '

,(

-,

37

/

(

(

(

A \.

: .,

~ ~ .. ft:I._._' 'aID

--- ¥y r . y ,. -

(0') No NRO KASIN'r progiamS have been declassified. Only a .limited amount of general· information ·about: HASIN'l' lias been . declassified,' as: specified below under -Release.".

~I

. (U) All information about: R&D, . operational and nonoperational NRO KAsINT ·collection andprocessing,.with only a few exceptions, as. i.ndicatedbe:t,oW. InformatiOn to be redacted

.: wil-1 typically include system descriptionS, . technology ~ capabilities and operationS, program n.am.es· and nUmbers, dates, cont~actors, rwnding,facility locations, and satellite vulnerabilities, . including . SuscePtibility to denial, d~ception,

and countermeasures. . . . ..

. a. (U) Fact that . DO systems pe%-forir. HASmI'collection. 53 b. .(0')' General information surrounding the· fact that- : the BRO is associated withXASIN'l' in an R&D connotation. '0

'.

...l.

38

( (

1.6· (D)". Con-lnd catloU

1.6.1 . (V)· ~ cai-nnfoat~ lIaf~tlOD

(U) No dedicated: NRC) cOmmIJD] cation .programs have been declaSsified. A iimitedamouilt· ofdomimmicatioDS information related to coRoNA, ARGON,· and LANYARD .·programs . (see· Apperi.dix P)·, the GRAB and pOppY SIGIm' satellite programs (see Appendix A ana G),· and the WS-117Is: SBNTRY/SAMOS program (see APPendix B) has

. been· declassified. A limited amount of general facts abOut NRO

. comrnpn; cation programs· has been declassifi~· and is releas8.ble, . ·as indicated under "Release- below and in. ·the remainder of

Section 1.6 •

.RacIac,e: •

. c8rAll irifo~tionabout R&D, operational and nonoperational NRO coumnmications. programS, subsystems,· ~d architectures, with··the exception of .the. inf~:z:niation .cited· ·in the appendiXes noted above·· and the general information cited for

r.elease below in sectionS 1. 6. 2 . 1. 6. 4 ~ Information to be

(

~ \ ..

, including any mention frequencies-technology,

. . ,program names and ·numbers, dates,

contractors, :funding,. organization, and. facility locatioDS; and· ·system vulnerabilities, including susc~ptibility to

countermeasures •

... 1 .....

. a. (U) Space Ground Link System command and telemetry (SGLS CHD/TIM) frequencies when associated with Air Porce Satellite· Control Network (APSCN) Inter Range Operational NUmber

2 . .

(IRON) •.

.: b.· (U) ·Pact of"NRO link with the Defense Satellite

C~mication .System . (DSCS) .5 .

. c. (U) -Fact of- space-to-space.lasercom tests and usage. 122

m. ~ ° oft" '_ oar ° 0J5Z1 .

if " i II

3'

( (

I

\.

C'

.. (U) All information eXc~t for the limitedreiease autho~ityco,ncernirigtherelaysatellite (see section ~.6.4)~

' ..

'0

(

1.45.3 (17) Be.akuP 1Ii •• lcmCcmt.::rolCel1t.:er

Jl~~tl 'L_' ,

, ~Except for 'tbe.-fact of- in the context below, redact all referenCes to the bac:kup'mission control center for the relay satellites. Sensitive information includes, but is noz limited to, the,ter.m Backup Relay Satellite Operations,Center (BRSO) when associated with a specific location; operational reason(s) for activation date and time; and details of transfer timelines and functions transferred to the back up facility.~25

Release:

(U), The -fact of- of a back up mission control center being a part of the Rel~y Satellite Program .. 125 (Effective 14 December 2004)

(

1.6 •. ' . (U) Relay sat.llit ••

.Redact I

.(.S//I'KT All information about NRO relay sate.llites not ·indi.cated below for release. This information include$ but is not limited to design data; lIIIIIis a relay satellite program, o~·that the NRO; general capabilities of these satellites or the used" frequency bands used, number of active satellites,

; subsystem. details, or.any other inforniation· reveals·

December 2004 theNRO acknowledged but without identifying any functions orbit .121)

a. (U) The -fact that· the NRO sponsors a relay satellite program. 53

-.it' (~) Without disclosing program names _, the "fact that· the relay satellite was developed at Hughes in the 1970s to operate with the first near real time E.O.· imaging satellite.61 . (Effective 7/31/00)

c. (U) "Fact that· the relay satellite· operated ina higher orbit ·than the E.O. imaging satellite thus providing long periods of joint visibility over the USSR and the continental U.S.61 (Effective 7/31/00)

d. (U) "Fact that- the relay satellite functioned perfectly the first time it operated in conjunction with the E.O. imaging satellite in 1976, ata data rate equivalent to 100 digital TV channels.61 (Effective 7/31/00)

(

1.7 '(U) Satellite VUlnerabilities ·aDd Cowite:cMtaaur ••

sedac~All ~ormation that identifies explicit threats to and Vulnerabilities of satellite ground and space systems, . deception and denial countermeasures to which space systems are

susceptible or that ,they may employ, and defensive '

couiltermeasures taken to minimize damage or disruption to ground

and'space systems, or reduce '

denial. 116 'All references to

_ (11ot:.: -Defensive coun ' are

~suies for-Survivability.- For guidance on reconnaissance aircraft countermeasures, see Section 1.14.5)

(U) Generic -fact that- satellite ground and space systems arewlnerableto attack, but without specific ,program ideIitification,system nodes or program orbit iocations, or countermeasures ,in place to mitigate vulnerabilities.

(

1.8· ('0) Coll.ctiOll Pl.nn:JDg',~argatiDg'. aD4, Support

(U) Only a few specified facts about collection planning and . targeting in the CAL and GRAB programs luive been released.,

, Info~tion concerning otherNRO operational and non-operational

programs remains classified. "

1.8.1 (U) OYeral.l ~tlDg8t:n.tegy .RecIact:i

(.s-)' Information that refers. to t~e methods used to identify,c~elect, prioritize, and process target sites for NRO overhead reconnaissance systems. This includes but is not

lim! ted to the content of 'regional and mission-specific data ba~es; software and documentation or special collection

that lities, and of_

any details aboutNRO counter~narcotics, and counter-

terrorism •

.Ra~"'.',

-,

'a. (U) Generic reference in a "fact of" context that

satellite reconnaissanc~ operations stem from a systematic p~ocess within the Intelligence COIlIIllUliity to plan collection

, against designated areas of interest. (

b. (U) "Fact of" NRO support to law enforcement,. counter- . narcotics, and counter-terrorism. 139'

. c. (U) "Fact that" NRO satellites can collect scientific and environmental data as well as data on natural and man-made disasters, and that such data can be furnished 'to authorized federal agencies. 139

. . • . .. :: ~ .;:(! ").~; .. ::' ,

• t •. ·."';i: ...

. ~ ..

,.' ,

.. (U) Information '~ut . NROground' collectio~ planning· including but not limited to' cOmputex- software specifications, algorithms, and documentation of groUnd processing programs; target and requirements· databases; and schedules·, . contracts and cost~ for· tne development' and implementation· of collection

planning . acti vi ties. . '. .

.. I ..... ·

. .(0) -Fact that'·· the . Committee on Imagery Requirements and Exploitation [Cc:Knmxl Automated Management SystemS (CAMS) [predecessor. to current Requirements Hap.agement System (RMS) 1

. , was developed to support tasking of IHINT programs without reference 'to specific program names or national system mission

. D ,. .,

numbers •

. :.

."

: (0) Information' '~ut tasking of' NROsateilites . including but not limited to:sateilite ephem_redes when associated with . sPecific target information or prior' to imaging 1 target areas' when· associated with operational systeins; targe~ing accuracy;

. real time operations planning· capability including tasking of spac.ecraft; and the general response time' to t.asking.

a. (0) Generic references to the -fact that- collection o~rations·bY.reconnaissance·satellites result from.·taskingactionstrsnsmitted frOm the grOund to the satellite in orbit.

: b •. (0) Computer Programs/OSP/relating to CORONA satellite . . oper~tions: III (Unclassified in CORONA context only; Effective .

Q3/31/04·. )

. (1) (0) CORONA Target Progr~(CTP): orbit-by-orbit camera operation selection' based on weather (NX) forecasts and on displays of operational information 'and accomplishments.

(2) . (0). CALICO: determined camera operations. and

displayed operational information.. . ..

(3) (0) CAC'1't1S: listed target locations for photointerpreting.

(4) (U) COHBT: determined orbit selections.

(5) (0)' LETHAL: program for' aut_tic command and control of the satellite.

"

, 'm» -=*ftllftJl_r-,/:l1B '

. ~,

,/

(

. (U) ~cept for a few releasable facts about satellite mission 'gJ:ound' and. remote tracking stations involving the declassified

Do prosirams (CAL, GRAB,:' 'and SENTRY/BAKOS)', all other ' '

information' about' NRP mission g%'9tmdstatic:ms remains .. 'clusified. 'l'his includes their locations, manning, functions perfo'rmtild, connectivitY~etc. A few general facts about them have Peen declassified as indicated below :under -Release.·

, 1.9.~, (V) .. ,a4 a-ot:e'~' 't:at;lc.· LoGat:lau

.ReI .....

a. (U) Fact that the Woomera Satellite Tracking Station in Australia Was 'used to support DISCOVERBR(CORONA) (at least for Agena' 110l/Rm-l) .15

, b. (U) Fact that the following remote tracking stations (RTS) supported DISCOVERER (CORONA) and/or' SAMeS reconnaissance. . satellite programs.19

"

: .. :.': ... : .. : ..

(

(1) Annette Island, Alaska

(2) Fort ,'Greeley (aka' Donnelly ,Flats) , Alaska

(3) Fort Stevens, Oregon .' (4) Kaena:Point,' 'Hawaii

(5) Kodiak (alta ChiniakL'Alaska (6) 'New BO~ton, ,New '~shire

• (7) Ottumwa, Iowa,

( 8) PaloAl to, California

(9) Point.HUgu, California

(10) Vandenberg' AFB,' California (11)' 'Christmas" Island

Ii.

i

v

'" ...

(12) Guam

c. ,(U) Tem, ·HGS" or ·xf.ssiQn Ground Station· without reference to programs/systems:or a speei~ie geogTaphic~l

location. 10, '

. . - .. .:

... - • • If

:':',2:l::?~1'-' : ' .

-. c .• :A.':., .. :.

(

\,

,'J ' ' ,

, ,(0) Information about NROSIGINT and ntINT KGS'

functioiis/ operations 'i~cluding 'bUt ~ot' Ull,i ted, to descl;'iptions of general ,functions perfor.med; identification/identity'of gr~ station personnel ;,' description' or details of specific :ftinctions perfol:med at' any of theseHGS that reveal possible

vuln~r~ility Or survivability issues; design and perfor.mance' cM.-r8cteristics of all grouridsegments at these ground stations; an~KGSantenna locations.

JIel .... :

, '.

a. (0) -The fact, that-,AFSCN is responsible' for proViding tracking, , telemetry, C01llD!8ndand control support fUnctions for

sate~iite operations. 5, '

"b. ,'(0)' -The Fact that· the AF~CN supports the NRO.2,s " c. (0) System program office (SPO) designationliCS (M1s~ion Con~rol Segment).2 '

A.

'. .. ~er:

,,' ',' (0) All,information that provides details of Air Force satellite Control Network (AFSCN) supPort ,to NRO will be referred to Air Force Space COJIIlII8n.d (AFSPC). ,

"

IJ!I9lI SBeR1Il'I t'ft/l_t_tt25a

.,

..

{ (

1 .• 10' (ti)La~ Acti:riti ••

..' . '. . ' ..

1.10.1 (U) ~-LauDall a=i'riti ..

CU) . Al though. a great deal of launch-related inf~mati~~ about Various 'HRO' programs (CAL,' I14'SP, G!lAB; PoPPY, STEX,GeoLITE', and SEN'l'RY/SAJfOS) bas been declassified and released, the 'NRC .continues to classify information t:h&t conriects sPecific NRO

satellite programs to ~ecific~re-laun~ events.

(0)' Information about NRo pre';:' and post-latinch activities, which includeS but is not limited to flight missioil objectives,

. proSP.='aDl names (platfo%'lD identifiers)·, collection mission·

numbers, capabilities,' operational configurations, ' ... ' .

vulnerabi~ities, satellite vehicle (SV) rePleriishment needS' or strategies, and program and SV plans or requirements .• Specific

,launch-related1nformationto beprotected1ncludesdescriptions of SV size,. shape, weight,' . meCbani cal characteristics arid structural dynamics;' and operationalplann1Dg and reQuirements .

. for launch.' . . .

a. (0) ·Fact that·· NRc . satellites are launched from Cape Canaveral Air. Statio.n, FL, and Vandenberg AFB. CA.7, 11

b. (0) ·Fact that· as of December 1996 the' NRO has had ·well over 300· launches since "1959, including 145 CORONA,. ARGON, LANYARD launches frOlll Vandenberg AFB between 1959-1972. Also' see Appendix A for launch history associated with the GRAB. ELINT satellite.7, 11

. c. (0) ·Fact that· NRO laUnch support assets were (and continue to be) located at Onizuka Air Station, CA (formerly SunnYvale ·Air Force Station [AP'S]); Cape Canaveral. Air Station, FL, Los .Angeles AP'S;:CA (later LA AFB)',HRO Operations Squadron',

SchrieverAFB, CO, and Vandenberg AFB, CA.7, 11 ' .

. '. d. (0) ·Fact that· same NRO satellite vehicles were integrated, launched, and 'operated under Air Force .Program (AP'P) designators. OnlyselectedAFP designators. can be released, as . indicated in the folloWing paragraphs'. 11, 96

. eO' (U) The following AFP numbers' associated with the

CORONA, ARGON, LANYARD imaging satellite programs.96 .

50

· .. _ .. _. __ ._ __ ._ .. _- .. ;._. __ - ~-.- .- - .

···----·-··.--:-·.·.··-:--·.~-·1· .--_ .. - .. _. __ . - .. _._ _ .-

, ,

" '.,.,' ..m;;ftfl_Jtir;/ISB ,

("

, .

($ffective12/20/02) ,

- 162

,_ 241

~622A,

-.846

" . f.. (0): The following AFPnumbers assoc;::iated,with the SAMOS

, satellite, program~'6 ,,' ,', '.',' . , '" '

'(Ef:Eective 12/20/02) "

" .

~' 101~l (related to theE-5payload that evolved into

, the LANYARD imag~ng satellite)

_ 201 (re~ated to' the E,-6, filin return imaging pa¥,load) - 315A (related to the r~ed E-6 imaging payload)

722' (relat~, to the ,E ... 6,film return imaging payload)

. . . ,

.... '. .. '. .

g. (U) The fact that the followiilg AFP numbers 'also are NRO programs (wi th~ut identifying the,' specific Payloa.d). II (Effecti~ 12/20/02)

104

, 141 259 - 326 .. 465 475 491 ,-' 557 .

580 623, 732

- 774 843 868 878 946

h. (0) The fact that BRO'satellite vehicles are integrated and launched using NROL designators since December 1996.

.51

1.10·.2 . (U) LaDab Vehicle . (LV) 1Jt11!~t:1oD·

.... Dtl .

.. (U)Inform&tion about NRC launch vehicle utilization that includes 'but is· not liDiit8d to the ·as.()Ciation of specific HRO payloads (by plat~orm identifier,· collection mission· number, or

. AFP. number) with specific . launch· vehicles (except for ·the declassifi8d ·CAL, BAKOS, DHSP, GRAB. ·STEX, GeOLITE, and poppy launch vehicles).

ite.I ......

(U) ·Fac~ that· NRO payloads lamich$d during the 25-yearold· timeirameof RRG guidance were carried by the . following

.. ~a~c~ vehicles (LVa) Without associating. them . with .pecific progra,m payloads, up· numbers,· or specific launches, . unless so indicated below. 30 Fact that the NRO launched payloads on the

Spac~ 'l'ranSportationSysteDi (S'l'S or Space Shuttle), was . .

acknowledged in 2001.78, 108. (Effective 3/1/04) . .

(1) Atlas/ Agena . (SAMOS)

(2) Scout (One unSuccessful GRAB launch attempt)

(3) Scout/KG-18 (Five. launches, Pl;'ogram 417/DHSP) (4) Thor/Agena (CORONA,· ARGON., LANYARD, POPPY)· ·(5) Thor/Able-Star (Launched GRAB payloads)

(6) Thorad/Agena (CORONA, ARGON, . LANYARD, POPPY) (7) Thor/Burner I· (DHSP)

(8) Thrust Augmented Thor (TAT)/Agena (CORONA, ARGON, LANYARD, POPPY)

••

(9) Titan 3B

(10) Titan 23D

(11) Titan 401/Centaur

(12). Titan 4/Centaur

(13) .STS (Space Shuttle)

52

(

(14) 'i'al.lrUs· (STEX,)

(15) Delta II (GeoLlTE)

... ~ ,

53

(

' ..

(U) The launch dates of declassified/partiallydeclassified NRO programs including CAL, GRAB, POppy, SAMOS,· STEXj GeoLITE, and DMSP. have been released. Beginning on 20 December 1996, the NRO has released' the launch dates of NRc) satellites without disclosing their specific, clas'sified IUssions. All other NRO launch dates before 20 December 1996 remain' class-ified •

.R8cIact.

. (U) All information about NROsatellite launch dates that is not specified below for release .: '

a. (U)· -Fact that- NRO launches were (and continue to be) plac~d in the UN' Laun.ch Registry by U. S. Space Command and its . predecessor organizations.

»,

b. (U) List, schedule, or manifest of the following acknowledged NRO launches:

( \,

"

(1) (U) CORONA, ARGON, and LANYARD launches from

Vandenberg AFB between 1959-1972 .7, 8

(2) (U) GRAB/DYNO launches between. 22 June 1960' and 22 Aprii 1962 from Cape Canaveral Air Station, Florida and Point Arguello, California. 31

(3 )(U) POppy launches between 13 December 1962. and 14 December 1971 from Vandenberg Air Force Base,. California.

(4) (.S1 Without revealing name,

-fact that- the first launch of the near time electro-

optical imagery satellite occurred 19 December 1976.61 (Effective 7/31/00)

. (5) (U) The date and place of launch activities

identified with an NRO Launch (NROL) designator, without disclosure of specific missions, for all NRO satellites launched after 20 December 1996.

(6) (U) STEX launch on 3 October 1998 from Vandenberg

AFB.

(

:. r--

•..•.

.' ',J ';':.

. (7) (0) GeoLITB launCh on 18 Hay 2001 framCape

Canayeral.

. ,

. .

,55

. .

~ BCJItJftf"'I!II:/~;/2SZ2;

(0).' 'l'railblazer I Pathfinder plans, aeti vi ties ~. requirements, . and schedules that reVeal satellite vebicle(SV; progra.DBilatic :in~opD&tion, to iiic:lude"misliion, objectives, capabilities, vulnerabilities, priorities,.constellation· size. and status,

. operational' and technical limitations, .ancioperational infrastructure and iIlterfaces •

. a. (0) Without revealing a specific progr-aa (platform id~~ifier, collection mi.ssian number, or an Ari number):11-

(1) SV/LV cOmbined lift-~£f weight. 11 ..

(2) Lv~proVided SV des'tru~tiOn system or termination· . syst~ details. 11

(

\ >,

-

\

. (3) SV support equipment· thAt does not reveal SV

mission, capabilities, operational configuration, or

vulnerabili ties. 11' .

. (4) The fact of an SV BnODlB.ly dliring integration, ground processitlg, or launch operations and its affects on laUD~h·schedule,processing,· or base asset •. ll

(5) Association of the . launch vehicle or launch system integration contractor~ with the NRO.~

(6)' A specific LV or la~ch service or launch date.11

(7) Space launch manifests after December 1996 when identifiea by an NROL ntimber.ll

. b. (U) Transportation of an SV, . SV ASK, and/or: SV AGE that does NOT reveal an AFP number, methods, and/or off-site routes. 11

5' .

.. ...., •• 'ffI:/ ...... '.J5B Yr. '. ~n

(0) Information 'about !mO' launch'opm:ationsto include launch window, planned launCh time, and any "identification' of ' the, specific DO payload 'except by NROL designator. All information about planned SVoperationS during ascent 8nd on,

-orbit. . . . ~ .

ael .....

a. (U)· Without revealing IRON or an AFP ~., (1) Range ~rationSnumbers.11

. (2) AFSCN o'r Range radar and telemetrY . coVerage '

estimates. 11 . , " '

, (3)'l'ransportable/mo};)ile AFSCN assets, deployment plBD:S or locations supporting a launch. 11 .

. i

-, ~

(.

"b. (U) Real time pictures.., video, imd/or optical data fr~ on-board imaging systems prior to 60 seconds before SV

sep~ation. 11 .

, c. (U) Real tin1epictures, video ,and/ or optical data from ground-baSed imaging systems. 11 .

,d. (U) Flight of an LV from lift-off through, end of mission for an acknowledged launch, including: fact of successfUl SV separation, realtime/actual trajectory ,tracking, ' ,and ~etric data; flight operations;, mark event items, numbers, and descriptions; and command or telemetry data after

separation. 11 . .

,e. (U) -Fact' of·SV communications security (COKSEC) capabilities to include fact of encryption. 11 ,

,f. (U) !l'Fact that" an SV has station keeping arid/or attitude control capability. 11

'57

---;- .. _---, _, - : ... _ .. - .... ' ...

(

1'.1,. (U) DeftlopMdlt, aD4 AaQUi.it:10Ji, 1.11,.1' ,('0') CJezuu:al .utlcipant blat:icm.hfp.

, a. ,(U) Any references to eontract~rs having an NRO

association uDless otherwise indicated ~ow. '

, b, ,is'> unless identifj.ed ,for release at Annex P'(CORONA), . ,aliyreferenc~s tc) CIA covert' contracting/procurement 'rel:ati~hips with any contractor. 103

.c. (U) All other info:rmation not cited belOw forrelease~

a. (U) In addition tQEastman ,Kodak's previously acknowledged £ilm R&D 'role in the CORONA, Program, 'their, role in. processing the CORONA fil.~ at' their a.wkeye facili·ty.16

'. b. '(U) Defense"Heteorological Support Program, (DSMP) . contractors included: 3'

(1) (U) RCA (spacecraft)

(2) {U)ChanceVought (prime booster)

(3) (U) Minneapolis HoneyWell (guidari~e andcantrol) (4) (U) Aerojet' General (soiid-fuel rocket,

fabricators)

(5) (U) Thiokol (solid-fuel rocket fabricators)

. (6) (U) Allegheny Ballistic 'Laboratories of Hercules

Powder COmpaIl)"

c. (U) Contractors associated with the SAHOS Program:'2 .(See Appendix E for more complete list)

(1,) . (U) General Dynamics/Astronautics (Atlas booster assembly and test)

(2) (U) Space Technology Laboratories (Atlas Systems Engineering and Technical Direction) .

58

=>, "';:';"

' .. :

(

, ...... JIBI'-/i&'{}I= .

, ,

r:

(

(3) (U), aeneral Electric, COmpany (Atlas guidance), (4) (U)' Burroughs corpo~ation (Atlas ,ground based'

computer guidance) , '

(.5) (0') Rocketdyne Divi'sion of NAA (~tlas propulsiOn) (6) (U)Lockheed (AGENA pri,Die contractor)'

(7) (0') Beil, (AGENA propulsion) ,

(8) (t1)' P~lco (AGENAground-based cOJlllllUnications) (9)(0') Ea~tman: Kodak'S (Effective 7 Jul 99),

(10) (0')' TRW'3 (Effective 1,0/'/00) ,

(11) (0') lTEIt63 (Effective 10/4/00)

, d. (U) Eastman'Rodak's role ,in develop~g and proces~ing'

the mission film for 'Program D 0'-2 and A~12/axCART ai~craft

systems. &. '

, ,

~ e. (0') Autometric role in the ARGON satellite mapping

t. I>ro~am. 5' ' '

, ,f,. (0) Fact that "Hughes ~ the primary contrac::~or that', bUilt the relay satellite ,tn the i970s ,in conjunction with the operational concept for the E.O. ilIIagoing satellite.61 ,(Effective 7/31/00)

g. (U) -Fact of- Aerospace Coipora~ion association with declassified Program A imaging, systems.62 (Effective 9/13/00)

.h , (0') , -Fact of- TRW association with Program B SIGJ:NT satellite systems.62, (Effective 9/13/00) ,

, ,

, i. (0) -Fact of- Advent SystemS ,association with Program A

SIGINT activities ~ 62 (Effective 9/13/00) " ' .

, j . ('0) -Fact of- General Electric association with Progr8;Dl B'development of the E.O. imaging satellite systeni.62 (Effective 9/13/00)

k. (0) -Fact 'C)f~ Lockheed ass~iation with B.O. imaging satellite development iIi support of Progr_B. 62 (Effective

9/13/00) ,

5'

(

. ( r:

'" .

-. '. ;" ~'\".,')' i. -_ .. " , :-.

.' ""

: . .,._' .....

"' ...

'.

. . . .

. 1. (U) -Fact of- Lockheed association with Program A

S:tG~ satellite activity. 62. (Effective 9/13/00) .

. m. (U). -Fact of- Technolo~n" SerVices Corporation (TSC)

. association wi·th·and support of. SAPISP in the early 1970s time ..

fram~.8-1 (Ef.fective:2/7/02)./ . . .. . . .. .

n. (tT) Fact that· the Stanford. Electronic .Laboratory (SEL)· at Stanford university Sllpported NRO SIGOO programs during the· 1960s until. the University terminated a,ll government contracts·

in 1969.89 (Eff.ective·i· 8/7 i02)··· . .

, .

.60

":'

(

.aect.atl

, : a.' ~,info:t1Dation $out NRO funding and budget,wh!ch

, ~ludes ,but, is not, limited to, binding data that is explicitly ,

linked to the National' Reconnaissance' Program (NRP) or the '

National Foreign Intelligence Program, (NP'IP) .. ,percentage of ,increase ord.ecrease' in fiscal year budgets~ data that can be

reasonably interpreted ~ , ting, or' exposing

a. '(U) Any funding figure for' SAMOS that falls within the follpwing funding'levels'allocated by Advanced Research Projects

Agency (ARPA) for SAMOS,:in millions as of 31 ,Hay 1960 .19 ' ,

(1) Funded in fiscal year tFY) 1959 and, Prior -Years

$105.6

"

(2) Amounts Programmed in, FY'l,960

$164.5 , $247.2

$187.8

(3) Cumulative Obligations '(4) CtmnilativeExJ;>enditures

Above figures do Dot include '$85.7 .million programmed during ~ 1958 and prior years for broader scope WS 117L program.,

, b. (U) The fact that Presidential Science Advisor Kistiakowsky indicated in a 6 June 1960 memo that a $30 million' supplemental' increase for satellite reconnaissance would be i

helpful but' not essentiaJ..17 "

. .' " .

, c.' (U) Any budget or spending figures that. clearly are not

rela~ed to theNRP or NFIP. For instance, although theNRQ used the BIG SAFARI testbed aircraft program in the 1970s, this activity was a pure Air Force effort funded through the normal J;>epartmen.t ,of Defense budget (as opposed to the NFIP) since at least the early to mid-1960s. (See section 1.14~6, information element a.) Other exa-.ples include,MIDAS funding under the old WS-117~,Air Force satellite development project, and/or Air Force funding for launch' services that are not directly or

'1'81 IIJIC'll:Irr I 'm' 'it8Jat • ., , '25%1 --- Yi ii. I II

61

'f

• I.

(

" (

,,'.

. indirectly re.lated toNRO prOgrams but may be in documents that a:ls~. address NaP activit~es. ,t (EffeCtive 3/11/03)

: ..

..· .... I~BJ~ __ tJI~

. IY , , "

62

......... - .. ---.-.~ ... , .. -.--~--

.. : -:- . :~::;T'--' -P""-7---.~'"

.. -~

(

(

(

'" -

~ \,

,., .

'1.11,.3 '(U) Ccmtft.at' 1d-1D1.tzatioil'

a. '

(SHi'JO All information related to NRO, contract ~';'&'~Y.I.I.IW ,bUt nOt' lim! ~ed '~o

... 1 .....

a.

(U)·Fact that· the NRO dOes cov~rt procurements. C

, b.' ,(U) Without~evealing details, -fact of· special banld.ng mechanisms and transaction proc~es. C

, c. (U) Any standardized' federal. or Department of Defense,'

contract clauSes or ,provisions so long as the,y have not been modified to include NRO-specific information or reveal sensitive aspects of,NRO business practices. Questions rega.%-ding release of specific clauses or provi'siona must be' referred to the NRO,

" Office of Contracts'. 38 ,

,d. (0) Last four digits' of a contract number. C

( (

.r

"

('

/"

-,

1.12 (U)., .,,~t-bi.te4 lDiox..tiOD. 1.12:.1 ,(U) 'DIlJII!"7a.late.s'~.

('0)' ,The. classification of .. dissemi nat~' DttNT-~elatedpr~cts

'and the"m.etbodsused' for exploiting them is under, the purv~, of ' the National Geospatial-1ntelligenceAgenc.r ,(NGA)., , , Classification of cert.tnproduct-related actiVities'within NRO mission ground stations, remains, Under'NRC) control' and, in ' general, c has not been, deelus;i.fied with'the exception of the

, generil.l 'facts identified bEllow imd in, CAL~t-elated ' info:r.mation '

cont~ined 'iil 'Appendix P.' ' , ' ,

" ' " (p{, Allinfo~tian about ~c~ntrolled prcduct'-reiated

., activities that' is 'notrefe:r;red to HGA or specifically cited' below or 'in lind ted to the

data; format of film ~g~wben ground coordinates of "r.i:al,,!'t \;0.,.". BIIJaI;LCe 1ml!laE~':' image qUantity,

quali ty," ,and resolution, ); and imagery

support', data.

'a. ('0) The phrase, • IDiage Data Exploitation •• 2.,

, '

, .'b. ,('0) The acronym IJ:DEX· (J:mage oata Exploitation System) .2

, ',' c ~ , ~ Existence of :tAG ' (:Imag~ Analysis, Group, formerly:tAD) , absent any associationS with:2 ' "

(1) 'Its location, or

(2) , (3 )

d.(O) Relationship between lAG and the u. S." Al:my TeChnical' Engineering Center (TEe) (formerly BTL) .2

. '

e. (0) :i:nteragenc.r cOlllJ?Osi tian Qf :tAG. 2

"

(

r:

. ,

0 ••

\ '.

.. 0, :. :.~}i~;'~~J!;~::~~;·

',,". "'?"; '

~ .. e ... ·/;Bli .... W1}a_

.. ~ .. ~

.. (0) To NGA: All product':'related information not ident~fied above for release.

.. :;

..

is

(

(~

, '.

', ... ~ .. ¥.- .: -. -. -:-." _.: .. ' -~·--~T-"-;<~f1~.~~t~'J( i;:"-~"

... ~~~\ .. ~~ < ~ .

--;-- _ -:' .. ~- .. _ _ _-

. ..",

1.12.2 (V) 8ZCJDftl-ltel..te4 ~.-~

(U) 1'0 HSA: All product related ~ormatioD.'

-,

_..:.-.H .•..••• _ •• _. __ ·_._ •..•

:'~ ::,~' ','} ..

·66

, , .

(

\

. ,

. . . . .

"1.13 (U), '!eZIIII ,aza4 Coc!a, WO~ ,

'a~ (SI/H) All' Project s~udy Numbers that are clearly

associated with th. DO/NRP or are associated with stUdy' , 'efforts, iii an NRc ,context, that came' into existence during CORONA developpaEmt or after creation' of wisp in September

,19~O .107 (Effective :1/12/04) ,

, b. ,(JW The imagery COde words , ,c. ~All'other' NRO/NRP' cOde words, 0- suffixes, and proj'~ct terms not listed, below or iil Appendix C.

a.I'_i

,a. (u) Mission desigD,ator prefix, ,.m- •• 8

b. (U) CAL system m suffixes: za-r. za-a, KH-3,m':"4, KH-4A, KH-4B, KH-S, IQI-6'_ B

, c. (U) The mission s~f'fix IaI-7 '

d. (.B7 The mission suffix m':'9'when identified in, (1Io~.:

e. (U) All pre-,1960 'Air Force program numbers (e.g., ws- ' ' 461L',' WS-119L, WS-117L);and the code 'words/terms listed in App~dix C. 107

,b. (U) To CIA: Information regarding project CAROUSEL, , code name for the contingency and cover plan supporting the, deplOyment in January 1966 of three OXCART aircraft plus asso~iated personnel and support equipment to Kadena AS, Okinawa. 37

',:

..

.. .... "ftI/ ... ""1125ll

61,

,_" .

· . .

~. ""'llaI~~.'alZJ.

(

: .

'CS/I'flt)- AlthOugh theNRO no longer conSiders as sensitive most information related to the old a~ial recoIllUlissance Program D,"

the. sections address information that remains .

. ~ . .

mvolves

\.

.·a.

project.

(8f All references to Program D. funding, regardless of

. '.

I .

(- .... _ b. (-SII!"J:(r References to any study numbers and. in

.... particular to the following Program D-relatedstudy numbers:

. - .-

e. (.S.,41qP') Fact that asa result of the Program D

formerly assigned to the Program D

f • ~ Il'!ft1 Fac realignment in 1974",

· ... ;.::-

. fthe Program D. were the Air Staff

· .

mit ~{{B1"_""ft2!Z1

.1

.. - ._" -_--. --- -_._. __ . -. .. . - ..• -.- --" .. -" '~-"'-"-"" .-_ " - .

. ~:: .. '. :;: ~:~.'.:.~~ :- :.~"'.' . .

,"

"

, 'fOIl' ,"";IIB:lI_:-fflsa '

po,ints of ""U.I~"'C;L,," reqU~rements

,for coordiJulting' cont!Duing,NRb ties ..

,(

and the benefit that the NRO couid bring to _P.J.LLY

suCh'a,capability a reality. '

c:

-, '

,Association' of

.Rel. .... :

a.i (0) General information about Program 00 not identified above for redaction. '

b. (0) The identities of all Program o directors.

o a. (0) To CIA rmy infonnation that mentions:

_ CIA U-2, and OXCART flight operations,

_ "0-2 or, OXCART aircraft maximum speed/height,

Ii Y Y y,. .

6'

(

(

(

\.

roo

. ';~" .•. i"·:~··· . """ .

. . '.~:i~. v: . . .

..;. Code words 'for U-2 ~ious worldwide missionS -~dentification of coUntries that participated in covert U-2flight oPerations,. that provided bases or otherwise· pr~ded~ort to c6ver~ overflights.

. . . . ..

- Non~~otographic intellig~ce coll~ctioD.

-Electronic;: eountermeasures.·

. b.(ti) To the Air ·Force: any information concerning the missionS and fligbt performance and vulnerabilities of the U-2

and SR-71 aircraft. . .

o . 0

. c. (U) To JCS/JRC:· Information 'concerning taskinga:D.d :

targeting for U-·2, OXCART, 'and SR-71 missions~

• 0

70

(

• •

.f"11'~~::, .' .'

-.ro. ·...,.,;;B:li._.,..,./aaa

1. ~ •.• 2 (JiHKf

association' wi'th·_·

71

(

.~.'-'" .-~. -: :-.~:-", '_'.

a&1 .....

. a, (tn Infol:1llation not identified above for redaction .. If· in doubt, the redactor ·should consult the. Redaction Quality control superVisor for guidance.·'

\.

;::!~ ~~~-_:;:-7-::: .

. _, .. ~ ~>:~. . .

(

" r-

\

•••••• ~ ._ •.• ,_ ~ •••• ", _ •• __ ._, "_._,v' _;._ ••••• v ,v •• ,,_-:_,.._ ._ .. -.':--~- •• _ .,-----_.::: ~.-. ""--'" ._ - -;-:'"

. ;.:

_- . .'

!W .... fY''S:/f_,Wffl5B

.. -

- (U):rnf~%mation relating to logistics' suPPort of NRP fac11i ties

- and locations. This informatioD includes but- iaDot-limited to:.··

t the

or implied association of

•. ' d. ~- References

'!'eJI SBeBII!'._"- '.' '31Z1 ,,~V ~v ••

73

· . __ _ _---.----

.(

_.' " i., .~.'i'empor~ ~Air Force ... insta1latio~ in support of ~ ,

sociation with

-~ I~ ::.. ~, .: •

(

,a. (U) nnformation not. identified aboye for redaction. If in doubt, the redactor should consult the Redaction Quality

control. supervisor. .

.. .:' '.'

· .1IAIdac:rt: I .

~rmation about ._.·Th!s .~formation includes

75

( (

........ _ .. '- -... . -._-_-- ..•. -~ . .,.,..;._:..~;.,.- '

.. - ,_ . ~ _.- .. - ... -.~ '-'.i.:~

", '.

',' .

. . .

~_II"fB ..,..,.;IBi

that reveals or implies including: :

76

(,'

.. :;'

v.

, .

. .

. '.: "

IfttIi· ~··.··· __ "ala

7#, ~f vII? v. ~ : ..

. .

. f. ¢) Fact

_,.

LQt"" Fact of research into or use of

a. (0) Information not identified above for redaction; for example, the fact of BIG SAFARI modifications of USAF aircraft for SIGIN'l'· missions in the 19508. If in doubt, the redactor should consult· the Redaction Quality Control' supervisor.

.,.,

·, ...• ,t, ... '.',; . .. . ~ ... ,-~

,.' ", . -".

,', "

;-,' "

1.1 •• 6 (~) h'OgZ" D-lle1.tecl· CcXJa' trm:4. u4 .,.... a.dacrC:a·

(U) iUl information concerniDg pro~am D-related cOQe wo:i:ds and : terms that remain classified. This includes but is not liDdted

. to those code wOrdS and terms '. listed below. If' a redactor' encounters 'a term or codeword tbat may still bE! classified: but is . ~ot on this list , consult the'· Redaction Quali tyCont:r;ol ' . supervisor for guidance ' ..

.',

"10

~B~,::,' .

,/ .

.. , f I.

.1···· .

. . : '.

.R&1 .....

a. (U)· Program D 'code words and' terms not. identified above . for redaction; for exainple BLAC1t . SHIELD, . GLASS LAMP,.:!BONY, I:S~S, OLYHPI~ TORCH, SENIOR BOOK, and TROJAN HORSE.

1.15 (U) RRO Security Polia,r - G8Derai AdmiDi.tratiOD

(U) Effective 24 May 2005 the word BYEMAN' and its tri-graph BYE

became unclassified.' .

aec!act:1

. a. (U) Any. information revealing or implying the frequency requirement for technical counter measures inspections of all NRP physical areas w~ere classified conversations take place.56

f. (U) Any information revealing or implying the physical security safeguards applicable to the handling and control of NRO information by prime contractors, sub-contractors, vendors and suppliers in the phySical security plan of an industrial complex used by the NRO.56

(U) The -fact of- but no details about

a.' (U)Area Security Controls, including: 56

(1) (U) Perimeter Protection (Fencing, Lighting, Entrances, Fire Control)

80

(

0. '_,

('

~ ,

.'

(2) ('0) P~~ili~y ~ Porce (3)' ('OJ Personnel Controls, "

(4) ('0), General security Practices (Safe combination security, d:aily security check syst:em,security violations)

.be' ('0)' Secure storage of· NR.O classified matel;'ials in~olving

the following parameters: 56' .

" .

(1) ('0). NRO Classified Docum~ts in Vaults and Secure

Areas·

(2) . ('0) Classified HardWare, Components and Equipment. (3) ('0) Physical, Security Construction. Standards for

Vaill ts and Secure Areas ' . .

c. ('0) The existence of the NRP . Electrical Communications Network under the Air Porce Communicat1ons·serVfce.56

·81

(

(

p...._

\

......

\. _._.'

.. -

.'

.. "

" .' , 2 • (U) . ..."..l n:..foZll&ticm ftat .auleS bai.t. iil. ~'Deveios-Dt or' v •• of Weapou···of ..... :.De.t:Z'1ICt.~oD. (25~)

., a. ,(U) . Info%Dlation relating' to the survivability and·

. \ . . . .

~~ability of NRP satellite syst~ to the'effects of nucle~

. weapoDS~ .: . ,

b •. (U) 'Information describing.NRP satellite system . countermeasures against . the effects of nuclear weapO!l.S and thel:,r effe~tiveness· •

. c. . (tr) Info%Dlation detailing 'the sitrvi vabili t;y and vul.n,erabili ty of NRP ground systems to' the effects of' weapons of mass: destruction, including nuclear, chemical, and biological.

d. (U) ~formationdescribing NRP ground system. countexmeasures taken to protect against the effects of weapons'

of mass destruction and their effectiveness~ .

(U) Unless' contained in a. document generated by another governmerit agency, refer any classified' or . unclaSsified information related to .weapons of mass destruction concerning

. chemical or biological weapons to the U. s. Al:my. Refer similar info~tion conc~ radiological and nuclear weapOns of mass destruction to the Department of Energy .88 .

82

.. .

,.

. ... - .. - ,-. --. . ".-_'_ ._- _.,._ .. _- - --' _ .... _._-

';~'rt~~~' '.. .. .

.": .,.. BCa'ft"/fB:/f_i.-J12a:J,;

. . . . I .

3~~(U) RevealID.fozmat:1OD. ftat . Woui4 ])IpA:Lr ·u. s. CJ:ypt:olog:l.a 8Y1Jt'" 01;· kt:1 viti •• ', . (2SZ3)

(U) 'Information relating to cryptographic' equipmSnt employed· on aD NRP program. This, includes but is not limited to information related to teclmiques, design; and/oruse.·

.,,~.r:

. (U) To NSAany information related to cryptologic system descriptions, technology, capabilities, 'operationa,lprogram names and numbers, dat'es, cOJ:).tractors; fundi ng, or vulnerabil"ities of these systems, whether used in NRO satellites, ground stations, or by some other federal agency.

'!em aatftffft:/f-;.,t2B1

-,-.- ,_ .. _ ... . . . .

83

,. -~.".

',. (U) Reveal I:Dfo:r:mation 'lfbat ,Would I:q;>&ir the .application of the State-of-the-Art Tecbnology within a u.S. '.eapcm System. (25X'1

(u) NR(j~developea technoiogy,may be,used,in o~S. non-space

systems, including weapon'systeDlS; conversely, u. S. weapon system teclmologymay be used in NRC overhead systemS. NRO near real-time overhead systems also provide defense-related information for the planning and conduct of military

operations. "

Information that identifies exactly howNRP overhead systems directly supportO.S. forces, and where and when these NRP systems provide critical information ,to u.s. weapon systems that improves their battlefield accuracy and. ' lethality. This information includes but is not limited to NRP collectors, data provided (including formats), communications methods and~imitations, recipients, planned uses, and vulnerabilities. (Rotec the -fact that- NRP overhead systems, support the warfighter with imagery and signals intelligence' is unclassified.)

. (0) Information relating to state-of-the-art technology

employed in u.s. weapon systems to theappropr!ate DoD agency.

·4

· (U) B.eveal Aatual u.s. Military War Pl&D8. in Bffect

a. (U) One or more Basic Encyclopedia (BE) numbers if associated with past or present editions of the Single

Integrated pperations Plan. .

: b. ~ One or more BB numbers if connected to a specific· ground installation/faci1i~ that may be associated with current war planning against potential adversaries.

c. (.Ct,tNF1 One or more BE numbers associated with groulld

inst~11ations/faci1ities· nature· reveal a U.S.

the installation/facility associa

luJ .. .

e. ·(21 All lists of BE numbers if revelation of their association provides an inclusive view into u.S.· intelligence interest or. knowledge, for example,· a list that identifies all targets in support of OPLAN xyz.

(U) Single BE numbers or lists of BE numbers not revealing above classified associations. .

85

r: 6., -(U) Reveal %Dio:mation '!hat Wou14 seriously

\a.D4 ~118trably ,.,.,.ir aelatiOJUl between the_ U.S'. aDd a Poreign Qoverznnent, or Seriously- and _De-0n.trebly UD4er.mine oDgoiDg-»iplamatic Activiti •• of the U.S. (25X6)

..~arl

~ -, -- -'d f

_ a. ))41 To Al.r_ Force SpaceComman: All re erences to and

identified geographical ions of AFSCN remote tracking

stations on foreign soil

b. - (.S..l.Pl'lCJ To the National Geospatial-Intelligence' Agency, sensi ve tasking (e.g.,

86

'·---'-""--~"T:c\t~~rt~~l1!:~··· ....

.. ..... ;/B1/_f_ff2SZ1

(

"

7 • (U) ·.."..1' IDfo~t:l.OD IftIat WOu14S.riou..ly. aD4 Deaa».t:nh1y 1JIpa:l.r ·C1u:'reD.t •• t:l.OII&l SecUrity ~ ltreparec!De •• · PI ... ·· (25X8)

(U) To the Federal Emerg~ Management Agency/Office of Homeland Security: All information ,on national security emergency preparedness pl~iOg by other federal agencies, including the defunct Office of Civil Defense' and the Office of Defense Mobilization.

\

87

.;,.~. ',' ~: ... ~~t,~:~~~~ '.'; :.' . ."

. ~, ,".. ... .

(

~ .

.......

·8·. (0) ··Vlolat-.. a 8t"t~t., ~ty; or ··%Dt:m:aatiozial &a7:8_Dt: ·(25D)

. .(~) . (See' alsopara~aph:6.for guidance on referrillg

. international agreements· ee the State Department.) There may be iilstances : where statutes, treaties, &rill/or iriternational .. . ··agreements.may affect'the outcome'.of .declassification'decis.ionsl

~e9-arding information. in NRQ. records~.· Before· citing this· ..

··ex.empt~on as the· basis for a d8clas.s·i·ficat~ondecision, refer it . . to the Seal and Release Authority, who will eefe<:tcoordination with: th •. appropriate NR.o officials' to confirm the publ'ic

. disclosure status of the pertinent .information, pursUant to the .. ter.s of·a specific. law, treaty oragreement~·

";.,

aa

·" '.'

: ..

~. ilia..," 'Bi ~'r· '2m

rr , , "

a.' (U) Slgiaaturetl.

(0) AlthOugh not subject to. 8X'!q)tiOD'Un~er B.O .. 12958, as lnnended, . redact all names aDds!gnatuiesof ~somiel respc.nsil;lle . forexec:uting the National Reconnaissance Program whos~ '~s do not apPear in AppeDdix'.B· or have been approved for release. under 1.2.3 Releasek~(4). Line-through all signatures of those acknowledged at' Appendix .:B and at 1.2"'3

. ~elease: k( 4). CUrrent . digital. technology eDables. the. fraudulent.' . use of 'signatures that baye been. scanned into' a computer .. Signatures of, 080 'officials (SBCDEP., DBPSBCDEF, DDR&B, etc.·);

however, can be ·released .• 121· . .

(

~~

c:- '

~-.

(0) Even. though . -ProPrietary- information mB.Ynotbe classified, . redact. aIiy information so marked that .luis been designated' for . non-disclosure b.V an NRC contractor after documented cODSultation. Redaction of proprie~·infor.mation must refer to ·these legal citations: 41 USC 423 (Procurement Integrity Act)

and ~8 USC 1905 (Trade Secrets Act) •. 58

II

(

. ...

......... __ IIRlI_JIiI',.,.aat

. .

(U.) AppeD4izA·~. GlWS BL~ Satellite

(Appendix A is UNCLASSIFIED in :lts entire.ty) 31

: '~alinformation ci:mCeining· the· fact that GRAB wU the first operational. u.s. intelligence satellite can be acknowledged. The foliOWing informatiOn is releaSable:

'. The . proj ect began as aU. S. Navy ELmr . sateili te system in . 19594 la~ed its first sat:eliite iDJune ·1960, and the project operated until August 1962 • Its mission was to obtain infoi:mation . on Soviet· air defense ,radars ·inside the coUntry that could not be observed by Air. Force and Navy ferret aircraft· flying ELM . missions alongaccessiblebordersiri Eurqpe and the western

~acific. ..

. . The Naval Research Laboratory (NElL) proPosed an ELIN'l'. sate;Llite collection· System in the spring of 1958. 'President· Eise!lhower apprOved full develoPment on· 24 August 1959 .: Initially called Proj ect '1'AT'l'LE'l'ALE, after the. President t s approval it was Put :f.n a tighter security··.colltrol system naiDed CANES. Access was

.r limited to less than 200 persons in the washington· D.C. area.··

~ The first launch ocCurred froDl Cape Canaveral on 22 June

·1960' on. 'l'hor Able Star bOoster number 283 as a piggyback .payload accompanying ~ NavytsTRANsI'1' II navigation satellite. with initial launch a success, GRAB· subsequently beCame the world 's

. first operational reconnaissance satellite.

. '. .

. The GRAB satellite carried two electro~c payloads, the clas~ified ELINT package aDd scientific instrUmentation to measure solar radiation (SOLRAo). A legitimate experiment, the. SOLRAD payload was publicly disclosed in DOD press releases and serv~ as a cover for the. undisclosed. ELIN'l' Payload .

.' GRAB was inserted into polar orbit at 500 nm with a ground. . swath .of 3500 nm. ·Its antennas intercepted radar··~lses of a

. certaj,n bandWidth within the S-band,and transponded a . corr~sporiding· signal to. collection grouDd sites within GRAB's

field of view.· .

GRAB was controlled by a series of Earth Satellite Vehicle' (ESV) huts deployed worldwide. However, only information revealing the following u, S. ESV' hut locations i.s approved for release:

a. Wahiawa, Hawaii;·

\

.oP' _{IKI/_la//ass:

" ...

'0

::';(~' ::,;: <~~(~~~~".~";tt :~:~ ....

, ,

", .,'

If8lt -- •• 'S:/. __ "J5Z1' , ,:".,

YY I " i '. . . "-:.:

,b. The NRL hut, at the Coast:' Guard Camrmmications Station in Hybla V~leY, virginia.

_. The' Director of 'Naval Intelligence exercised: overall

, control. ,Operators in the 'ESV' huts recorded GRAB's ,'tranSponded ,information ont.o , magn.etic tape and couriered 'it toNRL, for,

. ~luation~, The NRL then duplicated and forwarded the tapes for processing and analysis ,to the NSA in MarYland, and to the Strategic Air Comwmd (SAC) :iii Nebraska. Processing, reVealed the r&d&%-' a aDtenDascan ,rate" its pulse r8petitionfrequency, the type· of radar, the radardisposltion~ 'and Permi~tedanalysis of ~e threat, and approximate location. SAC's processing was aimed at defining the characteristics and locations of air defense equipment to support preparing the .ingle integrated oPerations plan (SIOP), a war,plan responSibility of the Joint Strategic Targeting Planniiig Staff at Offutt An, Nebraska. The NsA searched the' tapes for new and unusUal signals, and discovered , ' the Soviets were already operating advanced radars that udght support a capability to 'destroy ballistic missiles.

. '_ . '

, . Photographs of the' GRAB satellite are ~lassified and

rele .. sable:

(

~ ,All other information pertaining ,to the GRAB satellite, its (,.operating details and related data processing and dissem; nation,

remains classified.. .

; .. _ .... _ ... ---:- .... : ..... --:-_ .. __ . _._ . '

...... /.

( Ut>.'~B - Aab.owledge4 ..... aDd

JluDCtioU

, .~--- ..

.. (Append1xIi - is· UNCLASSIIIBD.izJ its entirety)

._,.., !IIe~ •. of' ~t' o~ "'~eJUI. o~~:l.c:l.d. -.p.pear.tJw 1ri. nieordII ~ty~f:l. ... -,'VINr. old oz older. are.zwl .. cabl., .. are tIJe ..... of off:l.c:l.aJ.. :l.z& otJaar' u.c:u~:l. ... .Iar4mda ageDD:l. ... of:Jaer

t;Iuu.I. ~ ZAte.ll.tQWDCie 0 ,af ty ,.( •• fI., Dcm, __ ; .tc: ~ J • ,De

~. '~'~t"'· oaat:ractor ~l. wor~ em' t:JJe 'IIIJ-117L/BAI'U/a.:. ~ :ba. t:!ae . 195D. are' al.o ·zWl~l ••

t'.be ,n of cor&uaator,~ wJaO lui ... worbc:f 011 t:!ae UP are

.DOe: ,%Wl .. .."l. WIl ••• ' t:laey ~ belo.., A:l.r ~. ~ . ... .tiP»cl 'to ,CAe 'CU' 'oa ofttrJaeacf q.t'" lJ.bW:l...an I.IOt '%1Il~. 1iAI... f:ladr:a." ~ below or :l.z& tJN.', cu l:l..t: o~ . zwl--.b.l.,~.. .-r MIiie. tllAt' a,p;pear _lOW', __ ulIOC1:1.atecl ' tdt:la ~ .zwcr_t" Oee:l.~.ttl .." .. te.li:l.C:.,~ or ac:rt:l.riC.t •• out.ide. of t:Iae t,~~ :l.IMU.~t:ecI, 'doald be ~. IIDCfar t:lae

~.t~.am: .....,t.toa. _ al.o re1 __ autborlty ~ "

.:Lpataz... :LD aeat:loa. J.,

.aaor..&, Teuvo A. (Gus) . (Col, USAF) • Commander, 6594th Recovery

, Group. Re~nsible'for the CORONA reeov~ effort in the 1960s.

. ILDR:mcJ1I, Edward C. Director, ,.NRC>, (1981-1988). .

ALmr_, James. Eastman Kodak •. Instrumental in investigating . and characterizing the' uniqUe teclm'ical challenges ,for high ,

altitude reconnaissance filDis.HelpeddevelOp and define the 'film' sensi tcmietric and spatial performancerequiJ;:ements for, the COROHA pr~ and assisted the gOVernment in monitoring

operational system P8+formance. . . '

Ar,iin, Edward L.' A CIA ~ember who supported the U-2 program in

the ;1,9508. , .

ILL-, . Lew (Gen, USAF) 71. Director;. $ecretary of the Air Force special Projects (SAP/SP) and Program A from 1 April 1971 to 21, January 1973. Also served as Director of the NRO Staff (Secr~taryof the 'Air Force for Space Systems[SAP/SS])fram 20 June 1969 to' 20 August 1970 ~ ) Later became Air Force Chief of

Staff. .

ALSD. Donald. (Maj USAF). A member of SAF/SS, 1969-70.

".A.L~, Luis~ 9'& A'member of the Orell CoJoqdttee established by DDS&T Bud Wheelan in the mid 1960s ••

AmItY, Robert. ' CIA Deputy Director, :tntelligepce" 19~0. urn- .. , EverettE. 6593rd Test Squadron.

DlDDsoJI. John R. (Maj, USAF) . Member of SAF/SS 1973-74. uua, Samuel. ,. President of Lockheed Hissiles and Space Co.

· ..... : ... -~::~.:y .. ; .. :. ..

. , .

: ": '~(:~;:.::'

.' '. .

RCa.Ll:S, Paul. A CIA member (later D/OSA) who Supported the U-2,

A-12'" and CORONA programs in the 1950s' and ·1960s.. ':' , .

•• ".....OJt, William' B. ASsociated·with the Naval R.esearch·

. ~ratory' s . development of' the GRAB BLlNT recQnnaissance

satellite. . . . .'. ' ,.

· ....... r,.· Jim(Lt Col, USA,F) •. 90 Assign8d tosj.F/sP in 1971 tiDie

frame. .

",~,Bernard L. (Col, USAF). Director, Program D', 21 Ju,ly

1972 - 1 October 197.. . .

~, James G.62 • Harvard Astronomer, member of the 1950' s . 'l'ec,lUlo~ogy Cap~ilities Panel. Desi~ed virtually all of', the lenses and many of the cameras useain aerial over flights of

~denied terri tory. • " .

..... , William O. Ph.D62.;. A physical chemist·and signals

,intelligence expert at . AT&T Be~l'LabOratories. who 'serv8d as scientific counSelor to the NSA, CIA, USN,' aDd NRO on the' ·overhead AdViso:i:y 'COIIIIIiittee and the 'p%-esident' a Poreign "

Iritelligence AdVi$ory Board. .

RZLKr, (Col, USAF) ~ Member of Program D, 1970-74 .

• ~., C. Tracy. CIA Assistant Deputy Director, plans. BUS., 'Gordon. (Maj ,USAF). Member of SAF/SS, 1970-71.

~~ Clarence L. ·CORONA Program Manager. ,

, ~, '(Capt, USAF). Member of Program D, 1970..,72 ~

••• , .. , DOnald. 90 Air Porce officer assigned to SAF/SP in the

1971: time frame. .

._IJ, Stanley W. (Col, USAF). Served on the U-2 program reporting to Richard ,Bissell, and 1$.ter as· Deputy to CIA Deputy Director for Research (DDR)aerbert scoville, and represented

him ~t ~ettngs in 1962 with DRaO Cbaryk. .

BI:LL, (Lt cof ; USAF). Member of Program D, 1970-73 .

•• eHM~l', John p.62 TRW's' chief engineer in support of Program B, Mr~.John.Bermett conceived the SpaceCraft design;, including the reflectors, used in signals intelli~ence, sate11i te sYstems. '

,BDtI.; RUssell .A. (Brig Geli, ~SAF). 0 Deputy Dir~ctor, SAF/SP .from 1962"'1965. Later served as NRO Staff Director, SAF/SS, . from 1 February 1967 to 19 June 1969.

BBi!i"&JtI1'08, Thomas C.(RADM, USN). Director, Program C, 20 March 1985- ?

"'1'.t8, Austin W. Agency' (ARPA) •

, BXLLZaAS, Bruce B. OSD Deputy Director, R.esearch and

EngiJleering, 1960.

BXSSO., Charles.82 As a major in the USAP in the mid 19708, serVed as the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) interface with SM/SP. Later became a Brigadier . General and serVed as Chief. of· Intelligence for HQ OSAFE.'

eSD Director,' Advanced Research Projects

\._ ...... '

.3

: .'

( ...

a ...... T.; Richard, K.

. 19S4~1960. '

~ .. Bdwin 7. Military Assistant to DBPSlCDEP'~

IlLaCSJlllLT" , Arthur. AU Aerospace Corporation engineer, during, the .CoRoJa program: who later became' the, first African':"AmE¢~cim to aChieVe sUper Slrade' status at CIA. 8'7 (Bffective 3/14/02) .."

, James R. '(KAj, iater cer, UW). An Air Weather " Servi:ce meD.ber of the alSP ,program, late 1960s" JDeIIIbE.r of SAF/SS

1977~78. .

,..., 'Edward P. ' L9ckhe8d, Eilgineering Development "an.gar.·' ' D(Welopmerit and, manufacture of AgenaA, 'B, and'D upper stage to

which CORONA payload was integrated.' "

".~" Paul A.,' ,CIA, Assistant Director Office of Current

ResearCh, 1960. .

~" WiJ.bui B. (Lt Col, USAF). IIISP'Program Dir~tor in the:

early 1970s. .

JIOQ', 'Albert p;, Associated with the Naval Research Laboratory's development of the GRAB BL~ reconnaissance. satellite., ~, David D. (Brig Gen, USAF).' 'Director, SAP/SP.aDd

'~0SJram A from 22' ,January 19,73 to 31 July 1975 e' Earlier, served as Staff Director, National Reconnaissance Office (SAP/SS) fram

. 1JuD.e' 1971 't07 January 1973 0 ' •

1IllOO1t8, Dennis, (COMH, USN)" .Director, Program C, 4 October 1982-

19 March 1985. .' \ ,,' ,

1rR088, John.' Director ..National Intelligence Programs Bval-pation. Led negotiatiops that resulted in the fourth lQRP

agreement in AUgust,,1965. , .

..... , George S. (Gen, USAF). Military Assistant to SBCDEF, 1960. 'L&ter became Air Porce Chief of Staff and chairman, , JCS ' ,

(CJCS) 0' '

.... ,. Lee.'o ,A member of the COMJ:REX staff who helped, develop the NLlRS rating scheme, an empirical'way to define resolution

for interpretation of satellite imagery e' '

'BROIIm:m, 'John w. (Col, USAF). 62 Directed a 'k$y SIGINT satellite project for NRO Program A, managing its first launch and

operations. '

DUG:ta.%, Dino. Hanager,National Photographic, Interpretation

Cent«tr (NPle). , ' , '

~, 'Jon B., (Col, , USAF) .62, Directed the development,

'acquisition, and operation of a Program A signals intelligence satellite system that handled rapidly increasing data rates . .,_, William. One of the original 13 individuals usi.goed to work space operations at the Satellite Test center during the ' CORONA program. Provided the vital l:i,nk between the operations at the Advanced Projects Integration' Facility and,the on-orbit controllers at the Satellite Test Center.

, ,

CIA', '0-2' aDd CORONA Project Director,

• t • _ L 1 ••

.....

m.' 1De'I_ · tftf ..... ,. I lisa

. . . " .. , , Yr.

~, W'ii,liam '(Co,l~ USAF) . Assigned to the CIA, in support' of ,the ~-2 program in, the 1950s.

~, RoyA.62 Served as T~cai Director of the NRO Program'

B COROHA Program.' , , ' ' ,

~. George H.' W. i DCI 30 January', 1976':'20 , January 1977. ~, Prank S. (Col,' USAF). 62 CORONA; System Integration' Kanager. Became the first Aii:', Force DirElctorof ProslrlUll BI s follow-on 'iDu!lgingsatellite, desc;ribed. as' "th .. most complex'

" el~ctromecbanica1 device ever placed in orbit' in 1966.

C'.'Ll...", Julian.61 P;'ovided exe9Utive leadership to RO' sat_iii,te system, deveiopment and operation as 'Program B

, DirectQr. '" ' ,

0..,.,1., c.p. ' Deputy' Director Central Intelligence, (DDCI), 1957. CMi.rn, Lee.~o ' Involved'withCOROHA iaunch activity. " c'.~~ William Dr. 90 'Chief scient~st for'l'RW. ' , , caJlll'W'i'D,Ralph A. Associated with the, Naval ,Research Laboratory's'development of the GRAB ELINTreconnai& sance

satellite. ' ' ,

c'PltbLL, F..P. Ci:.t, Gen, USAF). 71 D'irector, Defense Intelligence, ,AtJeriCy~ He participated in the int:eragency'debate in the 1970s

about development of lin BOI imAging capability ~ ,

C&B'B, D,~:i.,. (Col, USAF) .,70 A m8mber of the NRO staff, miel 1960s.

~, William J., DCI,28 January'1981-29 January 1987. "

MA ....... , Cornelius w~ 62 Contributed flight "protect'ive measures' adopted for use ,on most NRC satellites, developing a novel approach to on-board fault detection." ' , ' ,CJiaR'!K,' Joseph'V. ,',Director, National aeconnaissance Office

(,DNRO) ,6 September, 1961 to 1 'March ,1963. ,

'CBUBB, H~lvin P. '''Nick' (Capt, USAF). A ~/SPmember of the DHSP' program in the mid 1960s.

CIlIa."..., Donald B. Associated with the Naval Research Laboratory's deVelopment of the GRAB ELINT' reconnaissance

satellite.' ' , '

, CLaB, Ed.90 An Aerospace Corporation' employee.

.er •• , Jolin (Apx, USN).. 'ARPA, 1957. '

c:La.Daa, Ingard. Original Gaileral Blectric Program Manager for

the CORoNA space return vehicle assembly. ,

Ct;'J1IW, Raymond. 11 ,Director of State ~tment' ~ 'Sureau for Intelligence and Research in the 1970s. ' He participated in the interagency debate over' development of the BOI imaging system during that period.

c:cmr, Joseph J., Gener~l,' USAF. , Co"?,,uoinder, 6555 Aerospace Squadron at Vandenberg AFB (VAFB) during the CORONA program,. COl .... , Vance D.95 Associated with DO programs at' Lockheed since 1971. Led ,the development of a new satellite attitude control capability needed to provide major improvements in

'l'OP

!J5

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times