Grade 5, Science and Health

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I. PEOPLE 1. Explain how the reproductive system works 1.1 Describe changes in males and females during puberty 1.2 Identify the major parts of the male and female reproductive system 1.3 Describe the function of the major parts 1.4 Relate menstrual cycle in females and semen production in males to the ability to reproduce 1.5 Explain the process of fertilization 1.6 Predict possible consequences of intimate relationships between adolescent males and females 1.7 Practice proper hygiene for the external genitalia for safety and protection 2. Explain how the respiratory system works 2.1 Identify the parts of the respiratory system where air passes during inhalation and exhalation 2.1 Describe the function of each part 2.3 Use a model to demonstrate inhalation and exhalation

3. Practice health habits to keep the respiratory system healthy 3.1 Describe common ailments of the respiratory system including their prevention and cure 4. Explain how the urinary system works 4.1 Identify parts of the urinary system 4.2 Describe the function of each part 4.3 Practice health habits to keep the urinary system healthy

II. ANIMALS 1. Infer how body structures of animals are adapted to food getting in their particular environment 1.1 Classify animals according to the food they eat: herbivores, carnivores, omnivores 1.2 Relate the mouth parts of animals to the kind of food they eat 1.3 Describe how animals get and eat their food 2. Explain how some animals adapt to a particular environment

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3. Recognize characteristics of vertebrate and invertebrate animals 3.1 Identify each group of vertebrates and their characteristics (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fishes) 3.2 Classify animals into different groups of vertebrates

3.3 Identify each group of invertebrates and their characteristics (insects, arachnids, arthropods, annelids, coelenterates, e 3.4 Classify animals into the different groups of invertebrates 4. Identify endangered animals and how they can be protected III. PLANTS 1. Conclude that plants make their own food 1.1 Perform experiments to show that sunlight, air and water are needed by plants in making food 1.2 Explain the process of photosynthesis 2. Classify plants into groups 2.1 Describe characteristics of non-vascular plants (e.g. algae, fungi, mosses, liverworts) 2.2 Describe characteristics of vascular plants (e.g. naked seed-bearing plants/seed-bearing flowering plants 2.3 Compare the characteristics of non-vascular plants and vascular plants 3. Infer how some plants adapt to a certain environmental conditions in order to make food and survive 3.1 Identify specific structures for adaptation

3.2 Describe changes in environmental conditions that cause plant adaptation 4. Practice ways of caring for and conserving plants IV. MATERIALS

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1. Explain how materials change 1.1 Show that physical change may take place in materials 1.1.1 Show that materials may change in size, shape, volume or phase 1.1.2 Observe that no new material is formed when physical change take place 1.2 Observe that chemical change may take place in materials 1.2.1 Show how chemical changes take place in materials (e.g. cooking, rusting, burning, decaying/ rotting, ripening of 1.2.2 Observe that a new material is formed when physical change take place 1.2.3 Observe that the product of chemical change cannot be brought back to its original form

2. Explain the effects of change in materials to the environment 2.1 Describe how certain changes in materials have good effect in the environment (e.g. composting, recycling, etc.) 2.2 Describe how certain changes in materials have bad effect in the environment (e.g. pollution of air, land and water)

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