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# ELEMENTARY PHYSICS II

Chapter 24

## Capacitance and Dielectrics

Problem Set
Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics

## 1. (Easy/Average) Consider a parallel-plate capacitor

(with plate separation d and area A) in vacuum.
What happens to the capacitance (C), charge (Q)
and potential (V) if

C Q V
i. Area is doubled doubled same halved
(d and Q kept constant)
ii. Distance is doubled halved same doubled
(A and Q kept constant)
iii. Charge is doubled same doubled doubled
(d and A kept constant)
iv. Potential is doubled same doubled doubled
(d and A kept constant)
Problem Set
Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics

## 2. (Average/Difficult) The circuit shown below has an

applied potential of Vab = 10 V. Calculate
a) the charge on each capacitor: Q1, Q2 and Q3
b) the potential difference across each capacitor: V1,
V2 and V3.
Q1 = 20/3 μC; Q2 = 20/3 μC; Q3 = 40/3 μC
V1 = 10/3 V; V2 = 10/3 V; V3 = 20/3 V
Problem Set
Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics

## 3. An isolated capacitor is given a charge Q.

Describe what will happen to the following
when a dielectric (K = 2) is inserted in the
capacitor.
a. Capacitance - doubled
b. Charge - same
c. Voltage - halved
d. Electric Field - halved
e. Electric potential energy - halved
f. Energy density - halved
Problem Set
Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics  Electromagnetism  Optics

## 4. A capacitor is directly connected to a 9-V

battery. Describe what will happen to the
following when a dielectric (K = 3) is inserted
in the capacitor.
a. Capacitance - tripled
b. Charge - tripled
c. Voltage - same
d. Electric Field - same
e. Electric potential energy - tripled
f. Energy density - tripled