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Peace Corps Ukraine Welcome Book | September 2008

Peace Corps Ukraine Welcome Book | September 2008

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Peace Corps Ukraine Welcome Book
Peace Corps Ukraine Welcome Book

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Accessible Journal Media Peace Corps Docs on Jun 14, 2010
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09/14/2014

Health issues vary according to the social, economic, and

environmental conditions of each region in Ukraine. Some

health issues that pose challenges for all Ukrainians follow.

Radiation and nuclear safety. Forty percent of Ukraine’s

electricity is provided by nuclear power. The U.S. Department

of Energy and the Ukrainian State Nuclear Regulatory

Commission collaborate in monitoring and improving safety

at all operating facilities in Ukraine. Volunteers are not

placed within 30 kilometers of an operating power station. All

currently operating stations meet Western safety standards.

The last reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant

was shut down in December 2000. The effects of the 1986

accident at that plant on areas surrounding Chernobyl

continue to be monitored by the international community.

A WELCOME BOOK · UKRAINE

45

No Volunteers are placed at any site with higher-than-normal

levels of radiation. The Ukrainian government monitors fresh

foods and meats sold in central markets to ensure that no

food that exceeds European norms for radiation is sold in

Ukrainian markets.

Industrial pollution. During the Soviet era, the central and

eastern regions of Ukraine were highly productive and heavily

industrialized, resulting in air pollution and ground and water

table contamination. Volunteers are not placed at sites with

unacceptable levels of air and ground pollution.

Air pollution. Vehicle exhaust is unregulated, so joggers in

larger towns and cities should avoid running during peak

traffic hours. While smog in cities may be no worse than in the

United States, Volunteers with a history of asthma may find

their condition exacerbated. In addition, cigarette smoking is

common in Ukraine, and public areas are seldom designated

as “no smoking” areas.

Insufficient infrastructure. The economic challenges of

becoming an independent country have had a negative impact

on the ability of Ukraine’s cities and towns to provide basic

services to residents. For example, water supply systems in

some cities and towns do not guarantee potable water. In

other locations, availability of water is limited to peak use

hours. Hot water, which was generated centrally in cities

during the Soviet era, is often not available. In cities with

heating plants, the availability of heat in winter is determined

by each city’s financial resources. If the local government

lacks sufficient resources, residents must use space heaters,

coal- or wood-burning stoves, or other means to heat their

homes. In general, living quarters in the winter are cooler than

what Americans are accustomed to.

PEACE CORPS

46

A WELCOME BOOK · UKRAINE

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