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Intel Microprocessor i3, i5, i7

Intel Microprocessor i3, i5, i7

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Published by Himanshu Nath

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Himanshu Nath on Jun 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Journey from 4004 to i7 and many more

What Is A Microprocessor
y Also known as central processing unit - CPU y An integrated circuit built on a tiny piece of silicon y It contains thousands, or even millions, of transistors, which are

interconnected via superfine traces of aluminum

y The transistors work together to store and manipulate data so that

the microprocessor can perform a wide variety of useful functions

y The particular functions a microprocessor performs are dictated by

y One most common task microprocessors perform is to serve as

"brains" inside personal computers (PC), but they deliver "intelligence" to other devices as well

Microprocessor History
y Most important advances in computer technology - 16-bit and 32-

bit microprocessors y Pioneered by Intel since 1970 s and dominated by Intel since 1980 s
y 4-bit 4004 in 1971 y 8-bit 8008 in 1972 y 8-bit 8080 and 8085 in 1974 y 16-bit 8088 and 8086, brains of famous IBM PC y 32-bit 80286 (1982), 80386 (1985), 80486 (1989), Pentium (1993),

Pentium II (1997), Celeron and Pentium III (1999) and Pentium 4 (2000) y Latest 64-bit core2 and core i series(2009)

No. of Transistors
Model Year of Introduction 1971 1972 1974 1978 1982 1985 1989 1993 1997 1999 2000 No. of Transistors 2,250 2,500 5,000 29,000 120,000 275,000 1,180,000 3,100,000 7,500,000 24,000,000 42,000,000 4004 8008 8080 8086 80286 80386Œ processor 80486Œ DX processor Pentium® processor Pentium II processor Pentium III processor Pentium 4 processor

Using very large-scale integration (VLSI) circuit technology

What does 45nm means?
y Penryn (code name) y Faster y Smaller y Greener

Invention of Transistors
y Transistors replaced vacuum tubes y It was smaller than the vacuum tube y If you put a bunch in a row interconnected you could

control the on and off

Dr. Gordon E. Moore, Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation, predicted that no. of transistors per integrated circuit would double every 18 months

General PC Architecture(old architecture)
Memory Unit Primary Storage Memory Program Storage Memory Data Storage Memory Secondary Storage Memory

Input Unit


Output Unit

Types of Brain Architecture
y NetBurst MicroArchitecture y Core MicroArchitecture y Nehalem MicroArchitecture

NetBurst MicroArchitecture
y Hyper Pipelined Technology

a)20 stage pipelining instead 10 stages in p3
y Rapid Execution Engine a) two ALUs in the core of the CPU are double-pumped
Eg Celeron, Pentium4,Pentium D etc

Core MicroArchitecture
y Produces less heat y Consumes less power y Linked L1 cache and shared L2 cache y Introduced multiple Core technology on single die

Eg:- Intel Core2 series, like Core2Duo, Core2Quad

Nehalem MicroArchitecture
y Reintroduced L3 cache for better Hyper Threading y 32 KB L1 data cache per core y Latest Advancement in processor Microarchitecture y 256 KB L2 cache per core y 4 12 MB L3 cache shared by all cores

Eg:- Core i3, Core i5, core i7

Core i3
y The first Core i3 processors were launched on January

7, 2010 y The first Nehalem based Core i3 was Clarkdale-based, with an integrated GPU and two cores

Core i5
y The first Core i5 was introduced on September 8, 2009 y Based on Nehalem MicroArchitecture y Integrated Memory Controller y It was released with two architectures y A) with integrated GPU like i3(Clarkdale Model) y B) without integrated GPU(Lynnfield Model)

y By far the Fastest Processor on earth y Clock frequency of 9.2ghz recorded y 256KB of L1 cache y Supports HyperBoost y Gives Better performance with less power

consumption y Removal of FSB and Introduction of Quick Path Interconnection A.K.A QPI

Core i5 V/s Core i7
Core i5
y Integrated with GPU with

Core i7
y No separate GPU y Supports HyperBoost y Uses QPI instead of FSB,

Clarkdale y Supports Hyper Boost y Uses traditional FSB system to connect to southbridge y Uses dual channel DDR3 ram

thereby removing southbridge y Uses triple channel DDR3 Ram

Core i3 V/s Core i5
Core i3
y Does not support turbo boost y Have integrated GPU y Physically 2 cores are present

Core i5
y Supports Turbo boost y Clarkdale model has GPU but

Lynnfield does not y Physically 4 core are present

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