INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN III

Viability of Organism

Created By: Aidil Adhani 071404164 ICP Biology

BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT MATHEMATIC AND SCIENCE FACULTY STATE UNIVERSITY OF MAKASSAR

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN Subject matter Class/ Semester Meeting Time Allocation Basic Competence Indicators : Biology : IX/ 1 :I : 1 x 40 minutes : 2.1. To identify the viability of organism by adaptation, natural selection, and reproduction. : - Explain the different between morphology, physiology and behavioral adaptation. I. Mention the examples of morphology, physiology, and behavioral adaptation. Instructional Purpose II. Main Material VIABILITY OF ORGANISM

Standard competence: 2. To understand the viability of organism.

After done this material, hope the student be able to: Differentiated between morphology, physiology, and behavioral adaptation of organisms. Mention the examples of morphology, physiology, and behavioral adaptation of organisms.

Adaptation is the adjustment/ acclimatization of the organism with their environmental. Each individual has different ways to adaptation with their environment, there are that experience the morphology change (morphology adaptation), there are that experience the changes of body metabolism process (physiology adaptation), and there are also that experience the changes of attitude and behavior (behavioral adaptation). Adaptation is done by the organisms if the environment surround them is danger or disadvantage for their self, so they need to protect their life or survive. a. Morphology Adaptation

Morphology adaptation is the adaptation of the external body tool (morphology) of an organism to its surround environment. For example: the shape of bird beak is suitable with their food kinds, foot shape of birds is suitable with their life ways, and mouth type of insects is suitable with their life ways. For plants, there are xerophytes (live in dry place), hydrophytes (live in the water/ wet place), and hygrophyte (live in the moist place). b. Physiology Adaptation Physiology adaptation is the adaptation of the internal body tools function (physiology) of an organism to its environment. For example: osmoregulation (regulator for osmosis pressure) of fish, the formation of hemoglobin of human with different altitude of their place, work of enzyme of certain organisms. c. Behavioral Adaptation Behavioral adaptation is the adaptation of an organism attitude or behavior to their environment. For examples: teak tree fall its leave in dry season to decrease the transpiration, taro is drops water to decrease the over of water, mimikri of chameleon, etc.
III. Model Method Approach IV.

Method
: Cooperative STAD : Discussion and Question and answer : Constructivist Steps of Instructional 1st Meeting Kinds of Activity (40 minutes) A. Beginning Activity (5 minutes) 1. Teacher give appreciation to the student with ask “why the beak of bird is different each other?” 2. Teacher purposes. delivers about the instructional 2 minutes 3 minutes Time

B. Main Activity (30 minutes) 1. Teacher gives explanation about adaptation of organisms. 2. Teacher divides the student into 3 groups with certain consideration. 3. Teacher determine which one of the student act as the I, II, III, … for each groups and then tell the roles of quiz. 4. Teacher starts the quiz. 3 minutes 5. Teacher gives appropriate for the best student and group based on the quiz result. C. Last Activity (5 minutes) 1. Teacher closes the subject by giving conclusion. V. Sources of study VI. Assessment : Written Test : Essay Technique of assessment Form of assessment Questions: 1. What is adaptation? 2. What is the different between morphology, physiology, and behavioral adaptation? 3. Give 3 examples of morphology adaptation? 4. Give 3 examples of physiology adaptation? 5. Give 3 examples of behavioral adaptation? VII. Guidance of Assessment Tim Abdi Guru. 2006. IPA Terpadu Jilid 3 untuk SMP Kelas IX. Jakarta: Erlangga. Marker Whiteboard Quiz LCD Laptop 5 minutes 12 minutes 3 minutes 10 minutes 2 minutes

No. Answer of Question Score 1. Adaptation is the adjustment/ acclimatization of the organism with their 10

environmental and done by the organisms if the environments surround them is danger or disadvantage for their self, so they need to protect their life or survive. 2. Morphology adaptation is the adaptation of the external body tool (morphology) of an organism to its surround environment; physiology adaptation is the adaptation of the internal body tools function (physiology) of an organism to its environment, while behavioral adaptation is the adaptation of an organism attitude or behavior to their environment. Shape of bird beak is suitable with their food kinds, foot shape of birds is suitable with their life ways, and mouth type of insects is suitable with their life ways. osmoregulation (regulator for osmosis pressure) of fish, the formation of 4. hemoglobin and platelets of human with different altitude of their place, work of enzyme of certain organisms like cellulase in intestine of herbivore. 10 Teak tree fall its leave in dry season to decrease the transpiration, taro is drops water to decrease the over of water, mimikri of chameleon as the protection. Total 60 20

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Makassar, June 14th 2010 Headmaster, Teacher,

(Prof. Dr. Hj. Nurhayati B, M.Pd)

(Aidil Adhani)

STUDENT WORKSHEET
Standard competence Basic competence Purposes : Material Adaptation is the adjustment/ acclimatization of the organism with their environmental. Each individual has different ways to adaptation with their environment, there are that experience the morphology change (morphology adaptation), there are that experience the changes of body metabolism process (physiology adaptation), and there are also that experience the changes of attitude and behavior (behavioral adaptation). Shape of bird beak is suitable with their food kinds is one example of morphology adaptation, the formation of hemoglobin and platelets of human with different altitude of their place is the example of physiology adaptation and teak tree fall its leave in dry season is the example of Identify the kinds of organism adaptation with their environment. Mention the examples of each kind adaptation of organisms. : 2. To understand the viability of organism. : 2.1. To identify the viability of organism by adaptation, natural selection, and reproduction. The students are be able to :

behavioral adaptation. Task Answer the questions below by read biology book or another literature that relevant! 1. Mention three kinds adaptation of organism! ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. What is the different between morphology and physiology adaptation? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Give 2 examples for morphology and physiology adaptation! ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. What is behavioral adaptation? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. Why the teak always fall its leave when the dry season is coming? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………….

Key Answer 1. Morphology adaptation, physiology adaptation, and behavioral adaptation. 2. Morphology adaptation is the adaptation of the external body tool (morphology) of an organism to its surround environment; physiology adaptation is the adaptation of the internal body tools function (physiology) of an organism to its environment. 3. Morphology adaptation: Shape of bird beak is suitable with their food kinds, foot shape of birds is suitable with their life ways. Physiology adaptation: osmoregulation (regulator for osmosis pressure) of fish, the formation of hemoglobin and platelets of human with different altitude of their place. 4. Behavioral adaptation is the adaptation of an organism attitude or behavior to their environment. 5. To decrease the evaporation/ transpiration in dry season.

QUIZ
1. What is adaptation? (10 points) 2. Why the organism should to do adaptation? (10 points) 3. What is the meaning of morphology, physiology, and behavioral adaptation? (30 points) 4. Give two examples of morphology adaptation! (20 points) 5. Give two examples of physiology adaptation! (20 points) 6. Give two examples of behavioral adaptation! (20 points)

Answer
1. Adaptation is the ability to adjustment/ acclimatization of the organism with their environmental. 2. To keep their offspring and survive in their environments. 3. Morphology adaptation is the adaptation of the external body tool (morphology) of an organism to its surround environment; physiology adaptation is the adaptation of the internal body tools function (physiology) of an organism to its environment, while behavioral adaptation is the adaptation of an organism attitude or behavior to their environment. 4. Morphology adaptation: Shape of bird beak is suitable with their food kinds, foot shape

of birds is suitable with their life ways, and mouth type of insects is suitable with their life ways. 5. Osmoregulation (regulator for osmosis pressure) of fish, the formation of hemoglobin and platelets of human with different altitude of their place, work of enzyme of certain organisms like cellulase in intestine of herbivore. 6. Teak tree fall its leave in dry season to decrease the transpiration, taro is drops water to decrease the over of water, mimikri of chameleon as the protection.

RANCANGAN PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN (RPP) Mata Pelajaran Kelas/ Semester Pertemuan Alokasi Waktu : Biologi : IX (sebelas)/ 1 :I : 1 x 40 menit

Standar Kompetensi : 2. Memahami kelangsungan hidup mahluk hidup Kompetensi Dasar : 2.1. mengidentifikasi kelangsungan hidup mahluk hidup melalui adaptasi, seleksi alam, dan perkembangbiakan. Indikator : - menjelaskan perbedaan antara adaptasi morfologi, fisiologi, dan tingkah laku . I. Tujuan Pembelajaran Membedakan antara adaptasi morfologi, fisiologi, dan tinkah laku pada mahluk hidup. Menyebutkan contoh dari adaptasi morfologi, fisiologi, dan tingkah laku. Setelah menyelesaikanmateri ini, diharapkan siswa mampu:

II. Materi Pokok

Menyebutkan contoh dari adaptasi morfologi, fisiologi, dan tingkah laku dari mahluk hidup. KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP MAHLUK HIDUP

Adaptasi merupakan proses penyesuaian diri makhluk hidup dengan keadaan lingkungan berbeda sekitarnya. Masing-masing diri individu mempunyai cara ada yang yang dalam penyesuaian dengan lingkungannya,

mengalami perubahan bentuk tubuh (adapatasi Morfologi), ada yang mengalami perubahan proses metabolisme tubuh (adaptasi Fisiologi) dan ada juga yang mengalami perubahan sikap dan tingkah laku (adaptasi tingkah laku). Adapatasi akan dilakukan oleh makhluk hidup bila keadaan lingkungan sekitarnya membahayakan atau tidak menguntungkan bagi dirinya, sehingga perlu untuk menyelamatkan atau mempertahankan kehidupannya. a. Adaptasi Morfologi Adalah penyesuaian struktur alat tubuh luar suatu organisme thd lingkunagn tempat hidupnya.

b. Adaptasi Fisiologi Adalah penyesuaian fungsi alat tubuh terhadap lingkungan tempat hidupnya. c. Adaptasi Tingkah Laku Adaptasi tingkah laku adalah penyesuaian tingkah laku suatu organisme terhadap lingkungan tempat hidupnya. bagian dalam suatu organisme

III. Model Metode

Metode
: Kooperatif STAD : Diskusi dan Tanya Jawab

Pendekatan : Konstruktivistik

IV.

Langkah Pembelajaran Pertemuan I

Jenis Kegiatan (40 menit) A. Kegiatan Awal (5 menit) 1. Guru memberikan apresiasi dengan bertanya “ mengapa paruh burubg berbeda- beda?” 2. Guru menyampaikan tujuan pembelajaran. B. Kegiatan Inti (30 menit) 1. Guru menjelaskan materi Adaptasi mahluk hidup. 2. Guru membagi kelas menjadi 3 kelompok dengan pertimbangan tertentu. 3. Guru menentukan siswa yang menjadi orang I, II, III, dst. untuk setiap kelompok dan menjelaskan peraturan kuis. 4. Guru memulai kuis. 5. Guru memberikan penghargaan untuk siswa dan kelompok terbaik berdasarkan hasil kuis. C. Kegiatan Akhir (5 menit) 1. Guru menutup pelajaran dengan memberi kesimpulan.

Waktu

3 menit 2 menit

10 menit 2 menit 3 menit 12 menit 3 menit

5 menit

V.

Media dan Sumber Belajar Buku IPA Terpadu untuk SMP IX, Erlangga. Kuis whiteboard LCD Laptop - Spidol -

VI.

Penilaian Tekhnik penilaian Bentuk Penilaian : Tes Tertulis : Essai

1. Apa yang dimaksud dengan adaptasi? 2. Apakah perbedaan antara adaptasi morfologi, fisiologi, dan tingkah laku? 3. Berikan 3 contoh dari adaptasi morfologi!

4. Berikan 3 contoh adaptasi fisiologi! 5. Berikan 3 contoh dari adaptasi tingkah laku! VII. No. 1. Petunjuk Penilaian Jawaban Skor Adaptasi adalah penyesuaian diri mahluk hidup terhadap lingkungannya dan 10 dilakukan jika kondisi lingkunagn di sekitarnya tidak menguntungkan.

Adaptasi morfologi adalah penyesuaian struktur alat tubuh luar suatu organisme terhadap lingkunagn tempat hidupnya. Adaptasi Fisiologi adalah penyesuaian fungsi alat tubuh bagian dalam organisme

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suatu organisme terhadap lingkungan tempat hidupnya. Adaptasi tingkah laku adalah penyesuaian tingkah laku suatu terhadap lingkungan tempat hidupnya

3.

Bentuk paruh burung sesuai dengan jenis makanannya, bentuk kaki burung sesuai sengan cara hidupnya, jenis mulut serangga sesuai dengan cara hidupnya. Osmoregulasi (mengatur tekanan osmostik) pada ikan, pembentukan hemoglobin dan keeping darah yang berbeda untuk orang- orang yang hidup

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di daerah dengan ketinggian yang berbeda pula, kerja enzim selolase pada usus herbivora . Pohon jati menggugurkan daunnya pada musim kemarau untuk mengurangi 10 penguapan, keladi meneteskan air untuk mengurangi kelebihan air, dan bunglon yang melakukan mimikri. Total 60

5.

Makassar, 14 Juni 2010 Kepala Sekolah, Guru,

(Prof. Dr. Hj. Nurhayati B, M.Pd)

(Aidil Adhani)