A n g l a b a n n g m ga ma g s a s a k a s a H a c i e n d a Yu l o
Sundan sa pahina 6

BALITA, 03 Chem Pav, tinupok ng apoy LATHALAIN, 07 Teaching the Taboo KULTURA, 08 Himig ng Bagong Bayani

I ka-88 T aon, B LG 01 H uwebes, 17 H UNYO, 2010


Philippine Collegian Ika-88 Taon, BLG 02 huwebes, 17 HUNYO, 2010

The business
uch work remains to be done, but I am determined to turn over to the new government a new Philippines, one that is ready for the challenges of bringing the nation to the verge of First World [status],” declared Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on the nation’s 112th Independence Day. As proof, she cited her term’s “legacy of hard work” and “major investments” in the social services — especially education. As always, Arroyo’s words stand in sharp contrast to reality. The problems of the education sector, which have built up over the nine years of her regime, can no longer be glossed over. Barely a month before Arroyo’s term expires, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) has approved yet another spate of tuition increases in 339

of education
higher education institutions. In UP, meanwhile, the Board of Regents approved 38 new laboratory fee increases at rates comparable to those in private schools. The tuition increases and newly approved fees are the latest in a long string of commercialization policies sweeping across private and state universities and colleges; part of a trend, part of nine years of flawed education policies under the current administration. The new academic year has simply become a new opportunity to accrue greater profit from what officials have called “the business of education.” The fact that pro-commercialization policies limit the accessibility and affordability of quality education becomes merely an incidental consideration. Indeed, arguably among the biggest disasters of Arroyo’s term is the chronic education crisis, stemming from the systemic state abandonment of the education


In asserting the right to quality education, the enemy is not only an anti-people government, but silence and passivity

sector. The highest dropout rate and the lowest education spending throughout history were all recorded during Arroyo’s presidency, according to data from independent thinktank IBON Foundation. Arroyo’s policies, however, are just part of the equation. These policies could not have been this detrimental to the education sector had they not been tolerated by the school administrators. For instance, UP President Emerlinda Roman’s response to the dwindling budget has not been to assert for greater state subsidy, but to railroad tuition increases and push for the commercialization of the university’s assets. Under her term, UP has leased the idle lands of the university to corporations — land that could have been developed instead for academic purposes, had there been enough state subsidy. Roman’s administration has brazenly allowed corporations like Ayala Land Inc., which has recently proposed to develop the UP Integrated School (UPIS) site, to use the lands for commercial establishments such as those in the curiously named “Science and Technology” park. And this led to the incongruous sight of a KFC and a call center within the country’s premier state university. UP Vice President for Development Armin Sarthou put it bluntly: the UPIS project is “urgent because UP needs money.” After all, as he noted, “the budget from the government is really not enough.” It is an outright, dangerous admittance that the administration is willing to sell out more UP lands in the attempt to be “self-sufficient” — perfectly aligned with the government’s scheme to systematically relieve itself from its responsibility to the people. Clearly, the national government and the UP administration are intent on transforming education from a social service into a business enterprise. In this context, the youth is expecting much from newly proclaimed president-elect Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino in terms of the education agenda. As a president-elect that won despite a poor legislative track record, Aquino must prove himself by fulfilling his campaign promise of making education a top priority. He needs to take a firm stance — ensure a higher budget for the education sector, scrap and reverse the policies of his predecessor, and reject the notion that education is a commodity. Moreover, amid increasingly repressive policies and militarization in many state universities and colleges, the youth are left with no recourse but defiance. In asserting the right to quality education, the enemy is not only an anti-people government, but silence and passivity. The last few days are numbered for Arroyo’s presidency. Yet, the youth’s struggle does not end here. It is the youth who will play the crucial role in shattering deceptive illusions of development, such as the drivel spouted by Arroyo on Independence Day. It is the youth that should remind those in power that their right to education should never be compromised. q

T ungkol sa Pabalat: Litrato ni Airnel Abarra Disenyo ni Janno Gonzales

Nico Zapanta and Nico Villarete

Philippine Collegian Opisyal na Lingguhang Pahayagan ng mga mag-aaral sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas - Diliman
PUNONG PATNUGOT, Pauline Gidget R. Estella kapatnugot, Dianne Marah E. Sayaman patnugot sa Balita, Marjohara S. Tucay patnugot sa grapiks, Janno Rae T. Gonzales, Nicolo Renzo T. Villarete, Chris Mar tin T. Imperial tagapamahala ng pinansiya, Mila Ana Estrella S. Polinar PINANSIYA Amelyn J. Daga TAGAPAMAHALA SA SIRKULASYON Paul John Alix SIRKULASYON Gar y Gabales, Rick y Icawat, Amelito Jaena, Glenario Omamalin MGA KATUWANG NA KAWANI Trinidad Basilan, Gina Villas PAMUHATAN Silid 401 Bulwagang Vinzons, Unibersidad ng Pilipinas Diliman, Lungsod Quezon TELEFAX 981-8500 lokal 4522 EMAIL philippinecollegian1011@gmail.com WEBSITE ht tp://philippinecollegian.net KASAPI Solidaridad -- UP system-wide Alliance of Student Publications and Writers Organizations, College Editor’s Guild of the Philippines


Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010


UP to lease UPIS site to private sector
Marjohara Tucay
school department of U high UP Integrated School the P WILL TRANSFER THE taan ng mga kumpanyang ito kaysa UP,” Staff Regent Clodualdo Cabrera said.



Fire in chemistry pavilion

Members of QC Fire Depar tment clear out the Institute of Chemistry Pavilion after putting out the f ire that had broken out in the building on June 10. A f ire of unknown origin had broken out at 11:00 pm, almost reaching the nearby Palma Hall Pavilion III when it was f inally put out at around 1:10 AM. All classes at Palma Hall are suspended until Friday, June 18 as declared by the Vice Chancellor for Community Affairs, Cynthia Grace Gregorio.. Airnel T. Abarra

Reserbang pondo ng UP, kailangang gamitin sa pagsasaayos
johnelyn KiM Garcia
AILANGANG GAMITIN ang reserbang pondo ng unibersidad at makalikom ng donasyon ang Institute of Chemistry (IC) upang muling maisaayos ang Chemistry Pavillion (Chem Pav) 2 ng Palma Hall na nasunog sa hindi pa matukoy na kadahilanan. “Kailangang immobilize ang mga pondo ng university—ang emergency at discretionary funds—para makakuha ng bagong kagamitan. Dapat ding manawagan sa national at local government upang humingi ng tulong para dito,” ani University Student Council Chair Rainier Sindayen. “For sure the university will help us,” ani IC Director Florian del Mundo. Dagdag niya, kasalukuyan na ring nangangalap ng pondo ang mga estudyante ng IC upang agad na makabili ng mga kagamitan para sa muling pagsisimula ng mga klase ng Chemistry.

Chem Pav, tinupok ng apoy
Nagsimula ang sunog sa Chem Pav 2 bandang alas onse ng gabi noong Hunyo 9, ani Quezon City Fire District (QCFD) Arson Investigator Jessie Gealon. Lubusang natupok ng apoy, na umabot sa ikalimang alarma, ang ikalawang palapag ng nasabing gusali. Agad namang naapula ang apoy bandang alas dos ng madaling araw, bago pa ito kumalat sa main building ng Palma Hall at sa Pavillion 1. Ngunit muli umanong nagsimula ang sunog sa Chem Pav 2 noong hapon ng Hunyo 10, na hinihinalang bunsod ng mga kemikal na nakaimbak sa nasabing gusali, ani Gealon. Kasalukuyan pa ring inaalam ng QCFD ang dahilan ng sunog. Tinatayang umaabot sa limang milyon ang halaga ng napinsala. “Hindi pa kasi kami nakapapasok sa loob dahil na rin sa mga chemicals,” ani Gealon. Ipinagbabawal pa rin ang pagdaan sa kalsada sa harap ng Chem Pav habang hindi pa nasisigurado ng kinauukulan na

ligtas na ang lugar na ito, ani Vice Chancellor for Community Affairs Cynthia Gregorio sa isang pahayag. Dahil lubusan umanong nasira ng sunog ang lahat ng pasilidad sa Chem Pav, nakatakdang ilipat ang mga nasuspindeng klase ng Chemistry sa National Sciences Research Institute (NSRI) at National Institute for Science and Mathematical Development (NISMED). Muling magsisimula ang mga naantalang klase sa Hunyo 18, ani del Mundo. Hindi naman umano maapektuhan ang kurikulum ng Chemistry dahil sa isang linggong suspensyon ng klase. Samantala, binuo naman ng mga estudyante ng IC ang proyektong “PhoenICs: Out of the Ashes” upang mangalap ng pondo para sa rehabilitasyon ng IC. Layunin din ng proyekto ang humanap ng mga kagamitan tulad ng whiteboard na kakailanganin upang magsimulang muli ang mga klase ng Chemistry. q

(UPIS) to the site of the now closed Narra Residence Hall and will still offer its seven-hectare campus in Katipunan Avenue for lease, despite the Board of Regents’ (BOR) earlier decision to reject Ayala Land Inc.’s (ALI) lease proposal for the property. On May 13, ALI submitted a proposal to UP for the development of the UPIS property, which involves a donation of P177 million for the construction of a new UPIS school building in the Narra site. After transferring UPIS, ALI proposes to lease the then vacant seven-hectare campus and develop the land into a “mixed-use” commercial center where offices, technology business incubators (TBIs) and commercial establishments will be built, similar to the Technohub along Commonwealth Avenue, which is also run by the same company. In its June 2 meeting, the BOR rejected ALI’s proposal and decided that instead of approving an “unsolicited proposal,” UP should devise its own terms of reference (TOR), which will define the scope of the UPIS development project, and conduct its own public bidding, said UP President Emerlinda Roman. However, Vice President for Development Armin Sarthou again met with the faculty, staff, alumni and regents on June 10 to reopen the discussion for the ALI proposal, explaining that if the proposal was approved, the project will “move on a faster phase.” The four regents, however, reaffirmed their earlier decision, explaining that UP should be “in control” of how projects in the university are conducted, Student Regent Cori Co said.

“Ever since our land use plan was put into place, which was about 15 years ago, the UPIS itself has been pushing for the transfer of its facilities into the education complex,” Sarthou said. When “Ayala offered to donate a new school building inside the academic core, we saw it as an opportunity to finally complete the UPIS transfer,” Sarthou said. In the 1970s, UP merged the preparatory, primary and secondary lab schools of the College of Education (Educ) into the UPIS, with its campus located along Katipunan Avenue. However, safety and security concerns urged the UP administration to move the school buildings nearer to its mother college. When the 1994 Diliman Land Use Plan was implemented, the present site of the UPIS High School Department was reclassified as land for “commercial development.” The kindergarten to second grade levels, which at that time was still in the Katipunan campus, was subsequently moved near Educ in compliance to the land use plan, leaving behind only the high school department. “Hindi inaprubahan ng BOR ang Ayala proposal dahil nais ng UP na magtakda ng sarili nitong specifications para sa UPIS development. Hindi ibig sabihin nito na tutol ang BOR sa paglipat ng [high school department],” Co explained.




Isyu #1, p.8, sa ar tikulong “Dumaan man ang mga dekada” – si Claro Recto at hindi si Carlos Romulo ang nagbigay ng talumpating Mendicant Foreign Policy, na naging dahilan upang hamunin ni Pangulong Quirino si UP President Gonzales na magbitiw sa pwesto. Isyu #1, p.10, sa Inbox – Nagmula sa National Union of Students of the Philippines ang Letter to the Editor na Pigilan at Biguin ang Pagpataw ng Dagdag Bayarin sa mga Paaralan Ngayong Pasukan. Paumanhin sa aming mga pagkakamali -Patnugutan

While ALI’s proposal was disapproved, the company can still join the public bidding on the project once UP finishes the new TOR, Sarthou said. If the BOR did not reject the proposal, UP will be using ALI’s TOR to conduct bidding through “Swiss challenge.” “If the university accepted that particular proposal, we will negotiate with Ayala for the terms that we really want,” Sarthou said, explaining that UP may opt to demand better deals such as a provision for UPIS facility upgrade and a higher payment for the lease. Under the Swiss challenge system, a government institution conducts a public bidding using the TOR formulated by the original proponent and invites third parties to offer better deals for the project. However, the original proponent can opt to match or better other deals if possible. Though ALI will have an advantage over competitors under Swiss challenge, other land development companies such as SM Prime Holdings Inc. and Robinsons Land Corporation can still take the project if they offer better deals than ALI’s, Sarthou said. “Kapag hinayaan nating ang mga kumpanya ang magdikta kung paano tatakbo ang isang proyekto sa UP, maaaring sa huli, mas malaki pa ang ki-


“On the minimum, UP loses around P50 million revenue potential every year that the project is delayed,” Sarthou said. With the ALI proposal, UP is set to earn P2 billion for the 25-year lease. “[The UPIS project] is urgent because UP needs money. The reason why the government gave UP land grants in the first place is for us to exploit these land grants in order to sustain our academic functions,” Sarthou said. “We have to realize that the budget that the government gives us is really not enough and we don’t want to keep on taxing the students by raising the tuition,” he explained. For 2010, the government has only allotted a P6.9 billion budget to UP, only a third of UP’s original P18.2 billion proposal. To augment the low subsidy, the university will be utilizing a P1.2 billion revolving fund, which includes income from land leases and tuition payments. Generating income from tuition and other fee increases and from land leases are not separate occurrences, said University Student Council Chair Rainier Sindayen. “Isang buong policy iyan na bahagi ng tulak ng gobyerno para maging financially autonomous ang UP,” he added. “Ang dapat gawin ng UP administration ay paigtingin pa ang panawagan para sa mas mataas na state subsidy. Kung may mataas na budget na ilalaan, hindi na kailangang magtaas ng matrikula at pagkakitaan ang mga idle assets ng university,” said Einstein Racedes, chair of the National Union of Students of the Philippines. q


Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010


UP seeks P18.5-B budget for 2011
Marjohara Tucay
HE UP ADMINISTRATION has submitted to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) an P18.5 billion budget proposal for 2011, around thrice the approved P6.9 billion budget for this year. On top of the P6.9 billion budget appropriated for the university this year, UP will need an additional P11.6 billion subsidy. Around P8.3 billion of the additional subsidy will be allotted to constituent units and P3.3 billion to the Philippine General Hospital. Almost half of the 2011 budget proposal or P8.87 billion was allotted for capital outlay (CO), or the budget for the construction of new infrastructures and purchase of equipment. UP Manila was allotted the highest CO, amounting P2.87 billion, followed by UP Mindanao with P658 million and UP Diliman with P225 million. Meanwhile, more than 30 percent or P5.9 billion was allotted for personal services, which is for salary, compensation and benefits of the UP system’s 14,000 employees, while the remaining 20 percent or P3.7 billion will go to maintenance and other operating expenses (MOOE) of the university. The PS component also included a P238 million fund for additional faculty items in all constituent universities, while P57.5 million was allotted for the regularization of existing contractual employees. The proposal also includes P703.5 million for the implementation of the first tranche of the Salary Standardization Law 3. The budget proposal also included the P300 million additional MOOE funding for UP mandated by the new Charter. A total of P1.3 billion or about seven percent of the proposed budget was allocated in both MOOE and CO components for the continued construction of the Engineering


Research and Development for Technology and National Science Complex in Diliman. UP also proposed a P202.5 million budget for the construction and hiring of employees of the Philippine Genome Center, part of which will be built in UP Mindanao. In calculating for the 2011 proposal, the UP administration has included all proposed budgetary requirements which were not approved in last year’s deliberations, Vice President for Planning and Finance Edgardo Atanacio said. The P18.5 billion budget proposal is higher by almost P300 million than last year’s P18.24 billion. “[The proposed amount] is what the university needs for its operations next year. At present, we have no idea if this proposal passes. It will still undergo a long process,” Atanacio added. Last year, DBM has implemented a “budget reduction policy” for the CO component of all state universities and colleges, as a part of the agency’s plan to address the growing fiscal deficit. UP also proposed an P8 billion subsidy for CO last year, but due to the reduction policy, only P1.3 billion was approved. For this year, the government approved a P6.9 billion budget for UP, or 38 percent of the P18.24 budget proposed by the university. This was the lowest percentage of a budget proposal allocated by the government in five years. DBM will review UP’s budget proposal, along with those of other government units, before submitting it to Congress for legislation. “Dapat paigtingin ng UP administration ang panawagan para sa mas mataas na budget. Kung may mataas na budget na ilalaan, hindi na kailangang pang muling magtaas ng matrikula at pagkakitaan ang mga lupa ng unibersidad,” said National Union of Students of the Philippines Chair Einstein Recedes. q



hopeFul victory The 14th Congress of the Philippines acting as National Board of Canvassers f inally proclaimed Sen.Benigno Simeon “Noynoy” Aquino and Makati City Mayor Jejomar C. Binay as president and vice president-elect at the Batasang Pambansa on June 10, 2010. Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile and House Speaker Prospero Nograles presided over the event, the fastest canvassing and proclamation in Philippine election history. Airnel T. Abarra

Bills to Pay

The cos t of legislation in the 14th Congress

Total extraordinary expenses of senators for 2008 and 2007: P20.7 million Total expenses incurred for capital outlay for 2008 and 2007: P400 thousand Total expenses incurred for supplies and materials for 2008 and 2007: P4.84 million Total maintenance and other operating expenditures for 2008 and 2007: P279.21 million Total amount of salaries paid to House representatives for 2008 and 2007: P198 million Total amount appropriated by the government to the eight least subsidized state colleges in the country: P198 million Total expenses incurred for foreign travel of House representatives for 2008 and 2007: P37.98 million Total expenses incurred for district staff of House representatives for 2008 and 2007: P478.07 million Total amount paid to contractual consultants hired by House representatives for 2008 and 2007: P141.34 million Total expenses incurred for research for 2008 and 2007: P254.43 million Total expenses incurred for consultative local travel for 2008 and 2007: P373.76 million Total expenses incurred for communication for 2008 and 2007: P89.74 million Total expenses incurred for supplies for 2008 and 2007: P85.2 million Total public affairs fund for 2008 and 2007: P235.77 million Total amount paid to the central office staff of House representatives for 2008 and 2007: P860.73 million Total maintenance and other operating expenses for 2008 and 2007: P277.95 million Total expenses incurred for equipment and furniture for 2008 and 2007: P16.14 million

john alliaGe Tinio Morales
hen the 14th Congress adjourned, it left a legacy as the legislature that deliberated particularly expensive bills and passed costly laws. It also left a legacy as the legislature that has become very generous for giving hefty raise for its members, while scrimping budget for thousands of its employees and other offices. Indeed, lawmaking is getting costlier, as Congress increases budget for itself every year. There is nothing wrong when Congress gives a raise for itself, if the sums of money are meant to hire more technical staff and consultants, strengthen specialized institutions within Congress or conduct more research on the impact of the thousands of bills that they deliberate. However, in the 14th Congress, the raise goes directly to the offices of lawmakers. The money is expended for the luxurious foreign and local travel and fat salaries of lawmakers and their staff. The raise goes directly to the pockets of lawmakers as benefits for being members of committees and officers of Congress.


General Appropriations Act in 2008: P1.23 trillion General Appropriations Act in 2010: P1.54 trillion Average annual increase of the national budget: 11 percent Budget allocated for general administration and suppor t for both houses of Congress in 2009: P3.73 billion Budget allocated for general administration and suppor t for both houses of Congress in 2010: P4.1 billion Budget allocated for offices of lawmakers in 2009: P2.65 billion Budget allocated for offices of lawmakers in 2010: P3.69 billion Percentage increase of budget for offices of lawmakers from 2009 to 2010: 39 percent Percentage increase of budget for general administration and suppor t for both houses of Congress from 2009 to 2010: 10 percent

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SalarieS, lUxUrioUS travelS, Skyrocketing office exPenSeS


Budget allocated for 14th Congress (2007 to 2010): P19.14 billion Number of laws passed under 14th Congress: 624 Estimated cost of a law under 14th Congress: P30.67 million Total budget allocated for the National Book Development Board, a section of the Depar tment of Education which studies and formulates textbooks for all public schools, for 2010: P20.82 million Budget of Congress in 2008: P5.58 billion Budget of Congress in 2010: P8.31 billion Average annual increase of budget appropriations for both houses of Congress: 18

Total amount of salaries paid to 24 senators for 2008 and 2007: P19.44 million Number of minimum-wage earners whose one year’s work could be paid using the said amount: over 140 Total expenses incurred for foreign and local travel of senators for 2008 and 2007: P12.7 million Total expenses incurred for foreign and local travel of senators’ staff for 2008 and 2007: P60.36 million T salaries and benefits received by staff of otal senators for 2008 and 2007: P263.78 million Total expenses incurred for meetings and conferences of senators for 2008 and 2007: P27.51 million

Cont. to pg 5

Sectors urge Noynoy

Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010


Hold Arroyo accountable, resolve educ crisis
Gino n. chanG
TUDENTS, FARMERS, workers and other sectors urge President-elect Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino to fulfill his campaign promise to hold Gloria Arroyo accountable for corruption and her antipeople policies and respond decisively to the worsening education crisis. A day after Aquino was proclaimed president-elect on June 9, more than 20 student leaders from UP stormed his house along Times Street, Quezon City and urged him to “increase the government spending for education” and “to rollback the tuition in UP and other universities.” “Right now, [Aquino’s camp] cannot give concrete answers” with regard to the education agenda presented by the students, Jose Honrado, chief of Aquino’s security detail, told the protesters. “Huwag natin siyang pangunahan,” he added. “Patunay lamang ito na sa ngayon, kahit iprinoklama na bilang president-elect, wala pa ring malinaw na tindig si [Aquino] sa isyu ng edukasyon bilang karapatan,” said former Student Regent Charisse Bañez. Meanwhile, on June 12, sectoral organizations including Health Alliance for Democracy, Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU), Anakpawis and Kabataan Partylist staged a protest action in front of the United States (US) embassy, describing the June 12 Independence Day as a “sham” because the US still has a strong hold on the country’s economy and government policies. “Hamon kay Noynoy na baligtarin ang mga patakarang kontra-mamamayan na ipinatupad ng rehimeng Arroyo,” said KMU. KMU also outlined a plan of action for Aquino in reversing


the f lawed policies of Arroyo’s administration (see sidebar).


In the traditional vin d’honneur in Malacañang for the nation’s 112th Independence Day, Arroyo said she “will leave a legacy of hard work, a strong and stable economy and renewed global engagement, major investments in health care, education and physical infrastructure.” Arroyo, however, will be leaving the country in dire economic crisis, said Arnold Padilla, public information officer of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (Bayan). “Sa loob ng mahigit siyam na taon, talamak ang kurapsyon, tinangkilik ang mga di-pantay na patakarang panlabas tulad ng US Visiting Forces agreement at napakatindi rin ng paglabag sa mga karapatang pantao,” said Bayan in a June 12 statement. Also, the P10 million-Independence Day celebration is just a “foolish splurge” and a “parade of lies,” said Edgar Nolasco, executive vice president of the National Union of Students of the Philippines, in a statement. “If there is one thing the government ought to fund, it’s our deteriorating education,” he added, explaining that P10 million is enough to build 15-20 classrooms. The nine years of Arroyo have been “disastrous in many ways,” but its impact was particularly harsh to the education sector, according to a June 10 statement signed by UP Student Regent Cori Co. “Gloria Arroyo will be leaving the education sector in a very dismal state. Her nine-year stint is marked with the highest
Estimated amount paid to said 26 congressmen who had not filed a single bill in 2007: P86.19 million Percentage of bills from Sen. Ramon Revilla which were refiled from previous 13th Congress: 15 percent of total 211 bills Number of bills filed by President-elect Simeon Benigno Aquino III in the first regular session of 14th Congress in 2007: 3 Number of said bills which were recycled from Aquino’s previous stint at the House of Representatives in the 13th Congress: 2 Total amount paid to and expenses incurred for Aquino in 2007: P7.33 million Number of bills filed by Aquino in 2008: 5 Total amount received by Aquino in 2008: P16.79 million Number of laws that sought to name or rename schools: 8

of lieS’



dropout rate, lowest government spending on education and consecutive tuition hikes,” said Rainier Sindayen, chairperson of the university student council. During Joseph Estrada’s term, around 19 percent of the national budget was allotted for education. However, in Arroyo’s nine-year stint, the education budget dropped to an average of 15 percent. For 2010, the dropout rate soared to its highest level – 10 percent in elementary, 15 percent in high school and 73 percent in college – in the past 10 years, based on the data from the Department of Education and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The escalating dropout rate was attributed primarily to high average tuition rate, which has increased by as much as 89.93 percent, from a national average of P230.79 per unit in 2001 to P437 per unit in 2009, according to data from the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). Earlier this month, CHED has approved tuition hikes in more than 330 schools nationwide. In the June 10 protest action, Sindayen said Aquino should order a moratorium on tuition and fee increases in the country following CHED’s decision. In UP, education has become “incrasingly commercialized” under Arroyo’s term, said Co. “With twisted logic, the UP administration has responded to the insufficient funds allotted to the university by placing the burden to the students,” Co explained, citing the newly approved 38 laboratory fee increases and the institution of 15 new laboratory fees in UP. Aquino must not “only undo nearly a decade of misguided education policies, he must also set in motion the reforms which would hold Arroyo accountable and ensure greater accessibility to education,” Co added. q

people’s expectations on the new regime
Current situation under Gloria Arroyo Arroyo was implicated in a string of corruption scandals such as the NBN-ZTE deal and the “Hello Garci” controversy. Despite the rising price of commodities, wages were never increased since 2008. Arroyo even implemented a wage freeze policy early in 2010. Arroyo implemented deregulation policies such as the Electric Power Industry Reform Act of 1991, leading to the skyrocketing cost of commodities. The budget for social services such as education has been steadily declining under Arroyo’s term. Arroyo’s administration never made a f irm stance against contractualization and issued numerous assumptions of jurisdiction orders, which allowed the military and the police to violently quell strikes. Political repression worsened under Oplan Bantay Laya (OBL) 1 and 2, the Arroyo administration’s counterinsurgency blueprint. More than 1,000 extrajudicial killings and over 200 were abducted under the suspicion that they were armed rebels. Arroyo tolerated the unchecked entry of American soldiers and war equipment in the country, and allowed them to use several areas as military bases. Noynoy Aquino must:

hold Arroyo liable for the numerous corruption scandals in her term.

scrap the wage freeze policy and implement the P125 across the board wage hike.

place the industries under stronger government regulation.

increase the government spending for social services. remove the assumption of jurisdiction power of the secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment. He should also issue directives against f lexible work arrangements like reduced working hours and job rotation. not extend OBL 1 and 2 and never implement a counter-insurgency plan similar to OBL. He should also hold accountable the military and police units which perpetrated human rights violations.

scrap the Visiting Forces Agreement and urge American soldiers to leave the country.
Reference: Kilusang Mayo Uno

Bills from pg. 4
Total amount of unliquidated cash advances of present and former congressmen, staff of congressmen, and officials of secretariats intended for travels, meetings and others in 2008: Php15.92 million Number of congressmen who placed members of their close family and clan relatives to chief of staff post: 48 of 269


Number of national laws passed: 80 Number of local laws passed: 544 Ratio of national laws to local laws passed under 14th Congress: 1 in 7 Ratio of national laws to local laws passed under first post-Marcos Eight Congress: 1 in 4 Number of congressmen who recorded no legislative output in 2007: 26

maaGanG panawaGan Tumungo ang sek tor-kabataan sa tahanan ni President-Elect Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III sa Times St., Quezon city noong Hunyo 11, isang araw matapos ang kanyang proklamasyon. Inirehistro ng mga mag-aaral sa susunod na pangulo ang kanilang panawagan sa pagbibigay ng estado ng sapat na badyet at pagpigil sa komersyalisasyon ng edukasyon. Airnel T. Abarra

Mila Polinar

Philippine Collegian

huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010



ila mga alon ang mga dahon ng niyog habang dinuduyan ng hanging sumisimoy sa lupain ng Hacienda Yulo sa Canlubang, Calamba, Laguna. Sa dami ng puno ng niyog dito, nagmimistulang luntiang dagat ang 7,100 ektaryang lupain ng pamilya Yulo. At, kung umaasa sa dagat ang mga mangingisda, dito sa dagat ng niyog nakasalalay ang hanapbuhay ng mahigit 400 pamilya ng mga magsasakang naninirahan sa Sitio Buntog. Mga ninuno pa ng mga magsasaka ang nagsimulang magtanim ng mga niyog. Halos kasabay ng pag-usbong ng mga puno ng niyog ang pagbuo ng komunidad ng Sitio Buntog. “Para kang pumatay ng tao kapag pumutol ka ng niyog,” pahayag ng isang residente. Sa tabi ng ekta-ektaryang lupaing tinamnan ng niyog, may ginagawang high-class subdivision. Sa kabilang dako nakatayo ang Canlubang Golf Course and Country Club na planong palawakin nang 54 ektarya. Bunsod ng mga proyektong ito, nakaambang palayasin ang mga mamamayan ng Sitio Buntog. Bilang protesta, nagtayo ang mga magsasaka ng kampo sa magkabilang bukana ng sitio upang bantayan ang sinumang darating para palayasin sila.

man nila Nanay Francisca, nakaranas na pala ng stroke ang asawa niyang si Quirino. Ayon sa kanyang anak, kinailangan nilang magbenta ng kalabaw na nagkakahalagang P30,000 para mapagamot si Tatay Quirino. Bagamat nakalaya na noong Mayo 25 ang mga dinakip, malaki pa rin ang epekto ng nangyaring karahasan sa pangarawaraw na pamumuhay ng mga taga-Sitio Buntog. “Hindi muna nagtatanim ang ilan sa amin para makapagbantay sa kampo,” ani Laurencio Caranay, pangulo ng Samahan ng Mamamayang Nagkakaisa sa Buntog

sa Hacienda Yulo. Para sa mga magsasaka ng Hacienda Yulo, naging kasama na ng pangarawaraw nilang gawain ang pagbabantay sa kampo bukod sa pagtatanim. Mahalaga umanong ipagtanggol ang lupang sinasaka nila at ng kanilang mga ninuno noon pang 1911. Nang pumutok ang Bulkang Taal noong 1910, napilitang lumipat ang mga magsasaka mula sa Batangas tungong Sitio Buntog, kuwento ng mga residente. Pinatag nila ang noo’y magubat na lupain



A n g l a b a n n g m g a m a g s a s a k a s a H a c i e n d a Yu l o


at pinagtamnan ng palay, mais, kape, tubo, niyog, at iba’t ibang gulay at prutas. Pumasok sa eksena ang pamilya Madrigal noong 1927, hawak-hawak ang titulong nagsasaad na pagmamay-ari daw nila ang lupa. Tuluyan namang napasailalim ng pamilya Yulo ang hacienda matapos nilang bilhin sa mga Madrigal ang lupa noong 1948. Hindi na bago ang pagpapalayas ng mga residente sa Hacienda Yulo. Nang ipinatayo ang golf course noong 1977, pinaalis ng mga Yulo ang mga mamamayan ng Sitio Pasong-anos na sakop din ng hacienda..


Noong Marso 22, pinasok ng pribadong hukbo ng pamilya Yulo, sa pangunguna ng arkitektong si Dan Calvo, ang hacienda at pinagpuputol ang 53 puno ng niyog para magbigay-daan sa pagpapagawa ng subdibisyon. Kung hindi naagapan ng mga magsasaka, aabot sa 1000 puno ang naputol. Ayon sa Republic Act 8048, o Coconut Preservation Act of 1995, mariing ipinagbabawal ang pamumutol ng niyog nang walang permiso mula sa Philippine Coconut Authority. Kinaumagahan noong Mayo 21, dumating ang 8 sasakyan ng mga pulis, ang sangay nitong Regional Mobile Group, ang militar at SWAT, kasama si Calvo, para muling mamutol ng mga niyog. Nagsindi ang mga magsasaka ng kwitis na naghudyat sa pagdating ng mga pulis. Naghanda ang mga magsasaka sa bantayan. Naggitgitan ang halos 60 pulis at 100 magsasaka. “Lumayas kayo rito, wala kayong karapatan sa lupa,” sigaw ni Calvo. Maraming magsasaka ang nasugatan. Tatlong lalaki at tatlong babae ang dinakip at ikinulong sa city jail. Apat na menor de edad din ang hinuli at dinala sa Department of Social Welfare and Development. Kasama sa mga nakulong si Francisca Mangubat, 71 taong gulang. Ani Nanay Francisca, hindi niya inaasahang masasama siya at ang kanyang apo sa mga makukulong gayong sinamahan lang naman nila sa sasakyan ang anak niyang pinosasan. Kinasuhan ni Calvo ng “grave coercion” ang mga nahuling magsasaka, samantalang “direct assault” naman ang isinampang kaso ng mga pulis. Ipinagtataka ni Mario Mangubat, anak ni Nanay Francisca, na sila pa ang kinasuhan gayong sila naman ang sinaktan noong araw na iyon. Bago dalhin sa city jail, pinatingnan ang mga magsasaka sa malapit na ospital kung saan niresetahan lamang sila ng mga gamot. “Ni hindi man lang pinahiran ng bulak ang aming mga duguang braso,” ani Mang Mario. Sa labas ng kulungan, lingid sa kaala-

Ipinasara naman ang azucarera sa hacienda noong 1997 bunsod ng pagkalugi ng kumpanya, dahilan upang. mawalan ng trabaho ang maraming magsasaka. Ani Mang Laurencio na dating trabahador sa. azucarera, hindi totoong nalulugi ang azucarera bagkus nais lamang ng mga Yulo na iwasan ang dagdag na gastusin. Noong taong ding iyon, sinarado ang libreng ospital na nakatayo sa hacienda. Nanatiling atrasado ang pamumuhay ng mga taga-Sitio Buntog. Hanggang ngayon, umaasa pa rin ang mga residente sa tubig ulan at sa pag-iigib galing sa ilog. Bagamat mayroon nang tangke at mga tubo para sa linya ng tubig, hindi makadaloy ang tubig dahil sa kawalan ng generator. Hinarangan ng pamilya Yulo ang pagpapakabit ng tubig para tuluyang mapaalis ang mga tao, ani Nanay Francisca. Samantala, baku-bako pa rin ang daanan tungo sa sitio at gipit ang mga residente dahil pabugsu-bugso ang kuryente sa lugar. Ani Mang Mario, ganoon ang sistema sa kuryente kahit pa nagbabayad nang maayos ang mga tao. Noong Hunyo 14, nagkatotoo ang pinangambahan ng mga residente na muling pagbabalik ng mga pulis. May 30 pulis ang mananatili sa Sitio Buntog nang isang buwan para umano magbigay ng gamit pang-eskuwela ngayong pasukan. Ngunit para sa mga residente, hindi ito ang tunay na layunin ng mga pulis patola, “Kung mamimigay lang ng gamit, bakit mga pulis pa,” ani Mang Mario.
ng laBan


Kung tutuusin, 450 ektarya lamang sa kabuuang 7,100 ektarya ng Hacienda Yulo ang hinihingi ng mga taga-Sitio Buntog. “Sapat na ito para magkaroon kami ng lupang matatamnan at mapapagtayuan ng bahay,” ani Mang Laurencio. Halimbawa ang Hacienda Yulo ng malawakang land use conversion sa ilalim ng Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) Extension with Reforms, kung saan pinatagal pa ng limang taon ang mga probisyon ng CARP. Sa ilalim ng CARP, hindi maaring ipamahagi sa mga magsasaka ang mga lupaing hindi agrikultural. Sa halip, ginagawang subdibisyon o golf course ang pang-agrikulturang lupain para mapanatili sa kamay ng mga panginoong maylupa. Noong 1992, naghain ang mga magsasaka ng Hacienda Yulo ng petisyon sa Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) para pigilan ang pagbabago sa gamit ng lupang kanilang sinasaka. Dahil kasalukuyan pang nakabinbin ang petisyon sa DAR, binigyan ng munisipyo ng Calamba ng Ocular Inspection Report ang mga magsasaka bilang patunay na hindi pa pwedeng galawin ng mga Yulo ang lupa. Ito ang dokumentong pinunit ni Calvo sa harap ng mga magsasaka noong Mayo 21. Samantala, sa pagkakaluklok ng hacienderong si Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III sa pagkapangulo, lalong nanlumo ang pag-asa ng mga magsasaka ng Sitio Buntog na mapasakanila ang lupa. “Walang maasahan ang mga magsasakang katulad namin [kay Aquino dahil] maka-mayaman din yan,” ani Mang Laurencio. Payapa man ang mga niyog sa malayo, marahas naman ang labang kinahaharap ng mga magsasaka. Mananatiling nakabantay ang mga taga-Buntog, hangga’t hindi nila naaangkin ang lupang nararapat lamang ay sa kanila. q
Litrato ni Airnel Abarra Disenyo ni Paolo Balajadia

Kevin MarK GoMez

Philippine Collegian

huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010



he strap of Myrna’s* blouse hangs loose from her shoulder as she goes about her daily routine – washing her family’s clothes, cleaning their house (which is smaller than an Ikot jeep), and breastfeeding her one year old boy. When the chores are done, she smokes a cigarette or two, watching her son play. She blends easily with the other mothers in their neighborhood. Yet Myrna is only 15. At 13, she had sex with her 19 year old boyfriend who drives a pedicab for a living. She says she didn’t have any knowledge about the consequences of having sex at an early age, and barely knows what a contraceptive is. Even so, Myrna believes that sex education could have prevented her condition. Myrna’s story is not an isolated case. According to the latest data of the Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Study by the UP Population Institute, 23% of teenagers aged 15-19 experienced premarital sex in 2002.

also withheld financial support for a sex education trial run in Metro Manila in 2006. The CBCP argued that introducing sex education to schools would only entice teenagers to try premarital sex. During the Congress deliberations on the Reproductive Health (RH) Bill in 2008, the CBCP also used similar sentiments to influence legislators. While the bill’s proponents claimed that it addressed issues of women and children’s rights, and sex and health education, the CBCP staunchly opposed the RH bill because of its supposed “anti-life orientation,” as it would legalize the use of artificial contraceptives. The Church claims that sex education would only breed a ‘culture of promiscuity’ and produce a generation of ‘sex maniacs.’ To control the population growth, they suggest natural contraceptive methods such as abstinence and monitoring of the menstrual cycle. “[Sex education] should be left to parents, especially if we are talking about children who are underage,” says Msgr. Pedro Quitorio, CBCP Media Office director.

The treatment of sex as a taboo discourse is rooted from the backward colonial notions of morality and conservatism
At an age when young people try to explore their sexuality, equipping them with knowledge on the circumstances surrounding sexual intercourse becomes necessary. The Department of Education (DepEd) must adapt to changing times, says Dep Ed Seretary Mona Valisno, citing the alarming statistics of teenage pregnancy.



Curriculum check
Subjects where sex education is integrated Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan Health component of MAPEH

Content proper behavior among and between peers of different genders. personal hygiene and reproductive health. position of religion on pre-marital sex and the norms when people of opposite sex interact students will use data on issues like premarital sex, teenage pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections topics on the reproductive system, parts of the body, reproductive cycle, and puberty

Last March, Valisno announced that sex education would be included in the curriculum of elementary and high schools. She noted that the integration of sex education in the curriculum will help reduce instances of unwanted pregnancy, prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and control population growth. With two batches of trained educators, the DepEd has tested their sex education modules (see sidebar) on 159 elementary and high schools all over the country when classes started last June 15. The department’s pronouncement immediately spurred criticism from various sectors, particularly from the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP). This is not the first time the DepEd has integrated sex education in their curriculum. In 1972, the then Department of Education, Culture and Sports included a module for sex education, which tackled concepts about population development, in the basic curriculum. The latest revision of the program in 2000 added topics such as premarital sex and sexually transmitted diseases. For their 2010 campaign on sex education, the DepEd has included contemporary issues such as interpersonal relations and teenage pregnancy. Contrary to popular interpretation, Valisno stresses that sex education “is not about the act of sex but rather about the science of reproduction, proper physical care and hygiene… proper values, the norms of interpersonal relations, and being aware of issues surrounding prevalence of pre-marital sex and teenage pregnancy.”

Despite the CBCP’s opposition, proponents of sex education such as officials from the DepEd and Department of Health question the capability of parents to teach sex education and reproductive health to their adolescents because parents themselves were raised in a society where discussing sex is taboo. The treatment of sex as a taboo discourse is rooted from the backward colonial notions of morality and conservatism, says Prof. Michael Andrada, a sexuality and culture professor from the UP Departamento ng Filipino at Panitikan ng Pilipinas. “Natatakot pag-usapan ang katawan ng tao sapagkat sinabi ng namana nating tradisyong kolonyal na Kastila at Katolikong Kastila na bawal pag-usapan ang sex o anumang may kinalaman sa sex,” he explains. Teaching sex education in schools would not undermine the parents’ responsibility of teaching their child about sex, but would supplement it instead, said Prof. Grace Sumayo, former head of the Health Education Department of the UP Integrated School (UPIS). Students of the UPIS, where sex education is included under a separate Health subject since the 90s, tend to thank their teachers for the knowledge they have acquired in the subject, Sumayo adds. In such classes, sex is discussed freely without malice. The modules we use in UPIS do not encourage the students to have sexual intercourse but rather guide them in decision-making especially on various stages of their lives, says Sumayo. The curriculum focuses on value formation so that students would become more informed and decisive in their choices, she adds. Meanwhile, however, as the government and the clergy continue to debate on how to address issues such as teenage pregnancy and population growth, there will always be stories such as of Myrna’s, who as an adolescent, engaged in sex without the slightest idea of its consequences. q *Not her real name
Sources: DepEd on sex ed: It’s not about sex. (2010, June 5). Retrieved June 15, 2010, from abscbnnews.com: http://www. abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/06/05/10/deped-sex-ed-its-notabout-sex Malipot, I. H. (2010, June 5). DepEd explains sex education plan. Retrieved June 15, 2010, from Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation: http://www.mb.com.ph/node/260720/depedexplain Esplanada, J. E. (2008, March 31). DepEd set to launch sex education in public schools . Retrieved June 16, 2010, from inquirer.net: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/nation/ view/20080331-127531/DepEd-set-to-launch-sex-education-inpublic-schools

Heograpiya, Kasaysayan, at Sibika

Mathematics Science

As a government institution, the DepEd believes that it is their duty to educate students on sex and the responsibilities that surround it. The Constitution stipulates the separation of the Church and the State, yet in issues such as sex education, there have been several clashes between the CBCP and government agencies such as DepEd. In 2003, the CBCP issued pastoral letters urging the government to block the release of funds for the procurement of condoms. These letters were read during Sunday masses. Due to pressure from the CBCP, the government

Illustration by Janno Gonzales Page Design by Patricia Basmayor

Rebyu // Pelikula
Pamagat: Emir Direktor: Chito Roño Manunulat: Jerry Gracio

Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010


sinilang na ang anak ng isang sheik sa isang emirate sa gitnang silangan. Sa loob ng marangyang silid, nakatayo at nakahilera ang mga Pilipinong katulong sa may paanan ng kama. Halos lahat ay nagpahayag ng paghanga sa sanggol, maliban sa isa. Nag-aalangan si Amelia na purihin ang batang kinagigiliwan ng kanyang mga kasama, sapagkat hindi pa niya nasisilayan ang batang balot ng kumot. Ito na pala ang mitsa ng pagbabago sa buhay ni Amelia, ang simula ng mala-teleseryeng istorya ng isang overseas Filipino worker (OFW) na nagligtas sa buhay ng kanyang alagang magiging prinsipe balang araw. Sa ilalim ng Film Development Council of the Philippines (FDCP) naisakatuparan ang produksyon ng pelikulang Emir, isang full-feature musical. Nilikha ang pelikulang ito bilang pagkilala ni Gloria Arroyo sa mga OFWs. Sa kanya pa diumano nagmula ang ideya ng pelikula. Sa nakaraang state visit niya sa Persian Gulf ng Bahrain, nasurpresa siya nang marinig ang isang batang maharlikang nagsasalita ng Filipino at Ilokano. Pilipino raw ang yaya ng batang lalaki. Umikot ang kwento ng Emir kay Amelia, na galing sa pamilya ng mga magsasaka sa Ilocos at nangangarap ng magandang buhay para sa kanila. Sa tulak ng kahirapan, sumugal siya sa walang kasiguraduhang pakikipagsapalaran sa ibang bayan kahit hindi niya gustong mawalay sa kamag-anak sa Pilipinas. Katulad niya, ito rin ang kwento ng maraming Pilipinong sumusuong sa ganitong uri ng paghahanap-buhay.


remittance center ang pagkayod ng mga OFWs, bagkus ay simula ito ng muling pag-iipon upang makapagpadala ng pera sa umaasang pamilya at bansa. Sa likod ng mga kwento ng pag-asa, nagkukubli ang samu’t saring mukha ng hirap at dusa ng mga OFWs. Bukod kay Amelia, nabigyan din ng pokus sa storyline ang kwento ni Angie kung saan naipakita ang marahas na aspeto ng buhay- OFW. Nagkaroon ang dalaga ng kasintahang dayuhan, si Jamal, na mayroon na palang asawa. Nang malaman ‘yon ni Angie, agad siyang nakipaghiwalay. Subalit ‘di pumayag si Jamal. Sa halip na pakawalan ang dalagang OFW, ginahasa ni Jamal si Angie. Sa pelikula, pinagbayaran ni Jamal ang kanyang kasalanan sa tulong ng amo ni Angie. Ngunit, sa totoong buhay, hindi lahat ng biktima ng pang-aabuso’y nabibigyan ng hustisya, lalo na’t kadalasang amo ang nang-aabuso sa mga OFW. Pinipigil ng takot sa amo at takot na mawalan ng trabaho ang karamihan sa mga OFW kaya’t ‘di sila nakapagsusumbong. Kung tutuusin, ito naman sana ang mangyayari kay Angie, kundi lamang naglakas-loob magsumbong si Amelia. Patuloy na kinakaharap ng mga OFWs ang pang-aabuso, pangmamaltrato, at labor malpractices gaya ng hindi sapat na sahod. Ayon kay Monterona, umaabot sa 10 ang mga OFW na inuuwing bangkay araw-araw, kaya’t higit pa sa pakikipagsapalaran ang pangingibang-bansa para maghanapbuhay. Maituturing na pagsugal ng buhay ang pagiging isang OFW – m a g - isa sa isang dayuhang bayan, walang matatakbuhan sa panahon ng pangangailangan. Gaya ng nangyari sa pelikulang Emir, walang napuntahan ang mga kasambahay sa tahanan ng sheik nang lusubin ito ng mga sundalo mula sa kalabang bansa ng emirate na tinitirhan ni Amelia. Tanging si Amelia, ang bida sa pelikula, ang nakaligtas sa mga kasamang OFWs. Sa kabila ng mapapait na katotohanang kaakibat ng pangingibang-bayan, ipininta ng pelikulang Emir ang isang mala-fairytale na imahe ng buhay OFW gamit ang karakter ni Amelia. Pinakinang ng musika at pinalamutian ng samu’t saring gilas ng produksyon. Mapapakapit ang bawat manonood sa pagusad ng mga kapana-panabik na eksena, at mapapasayaw sa ritmo ng mga kanta at nota. Subalit ‘di natatapos sa sayawan at musika ang usapin ng mga OFW. Matapos ang screening ng pelikula, magpapatuloy ang pagkayod ng mga tinaguriang bagong bayani hanggang sa panahong hinahamon na ng katandaan ang kanilang lakas at kakayanan. Masuwerteng maituturing si Amelia dahil umuwi siya sa isang mala-palasyong bahay na ipinundar niya bilang matapat na yaya. Karamihan sa mga OFWs na umuuwi sa bansa ay babalik lamang sa kinagisnan nilang buhay, gaya ng mga nalay-off noong pumutok ang pangdaigdigang krisis pampinansya. Kahit na nag-uuwi pa ang OFWs ng bilyungbilyong dolyar, nakalugmok pa rin sa kahirapan ang bayang kanilang pinagmulan. Natabunan ng palakpakan ang tunay na kalagayan ng mga OFWs. Sa saliw ng mga ilusyong hinabi ng pelikula, tila balewala lang ang pagsisikap, pagtitiis at mga pangarap ng mga OFWs. Gaya ng awit ni Amelia, patuloy pa rin ang pagtatanong ng mga kababayang nakikipagsapalaran, “Mayron nga bang dakong laan kung ‘san sapat na ang sapat at nang ‘di na kailangan pang timbangin ang hinahanap. Ang bukas ko ay ‘di tiyak sala sa kulang at sapat, laging tanong ng puso ko, ‘bat ako naririto?” q


likod ng PangamBa

Hindi natatapos sa mga remittance center ang pagkayod ng mga OFWs, bagkus ay simula ito ng muling pag-iipon upang makapagpadala ng pera sa umaasang pamilya at bansa
Sa kahiraPan


kanilang Pag-Uwi

Umigting ang exodus ng maraming Pilipino sa mga dayuhang bansa noong rehimeng Marcos, noong mapansin ng gobyerno ang potensyal ng human labor bilang malaking tulong sa ekonomiya ng bansa. Ang remittance ng mga OFW – na umaabot sa bilyon-bilyong piso – ay napakinabangan ng gobyerno upang pansamantalang ipampuno sa kakulangan ng reserbang dolyar ng bansa at ipambayad sa lumolobong utang panlabas nito. Subalit sa ilalim ng administrasyong Arroyo, naging bukal ng pambansang kita ang mga OFWs sa ilalim ng palisiya ng labor export. Patuloy na umaasa ang pamahalaan sa OFW remittances bagaman malinaw na ipinagbabawal ng Republic Act 8045 o Migrant Workers Act of 1995 ang paggamit sa overseas employment bilang pagpapasigla ng ekonomiya. Kahanay na ng mga OFW ang iba pang produktong kinakalakal sa ibang bansa, gaya ng niyog at handicraft, sa ilalim ng palisiyang ito. Mula pa noong taong 2008, umaabot na sa 3,000 ang mga OFW na umaalis ng bansa araw-araw, ani John Leonard Monterona, coordinator ng MigranteMiddle East, isang alyansa ng mga organisasyong nagtataguyod sa kapakanan ng mga OFWs. Ipinapakita sa pelikulang Emir kung paano pinakikinabangan, hindi lamang ng kanilang mga pamilya, kundi maging ng lipunan, ang mga tulad ni Amelia. Tuwing sweldo, kaligayahan na ng mga yaya na magtungo sa remittance center upang makapagpadala sa Pilipinas. Hindi natatapos sa mga

Himig ng Bagong Bayani
ni: Lee Fabonan

Dibuho ni Miguel Punzalan Disenyo ni Patricia Basmayor


Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010


T urning P oint
Gino n. Chang

Sic transit gloria
M a teo M anansala
ahirap isiping hindi na si Gloria ang presidente. Para sa tulad kong lumaki at namulat noong nakaraang dekada, si Arroyo na ang naging simbulo ng kapangyarihan. Siya ang nakikita sa MRT card na binibili ko tuwing umaga. Siya ang nakikita sa mga banner na nakasabit sa mga tulay na tinatawid ko. Sa panonood ko ng TV, siya ang palaging laman ng mga balita. Siya ang ginagalang. Siya ang sinasaluduhan. Siya ang nakasanayan. Bago maluklok sa puwesto si Arroyo noong 2001, isa akong 12-taong gulang na batang pagaaral at pakikipaglaro ang tanging inaatupag. Kilala ko naman kung sino ang presidente noon, ngunit wala talaga akong pakialam sa mga nagaganap sa bansa. Hanggang sa pagbukas ko ng telebisyon isang araw, napalitan ang mga paborito kong panghapong anime ng mga eksena ng paglilitis kay Estrada. Bagaman hindi ko lubusang naunawaan ang lahat ng pinagsasasabi ng mga senador at abogado, naging interesado ako sa panonood at inabangan ang mga sumunod na kabanata sa kuwento ng pulitika ng bansa. Habang ang ibang mga ka-edad ko’y abala sa pakikipaglaro, inilaan ko ang aking hapon sa panonood ng impeachment trial at ng pag-aabang sa pinakamaiinit na balita. Hindi ko pinalampas ang ilang mahahalagang pangyayari noong panahong iyon--nang magdagsaan ang maraming mamamayan sa EDSA upang manawagan ng pagpapatalsik kay Erap, at nang mailuklok sa puwesto si Arroyo bilang bagong pangulo. Para sa akin at para sa maraming Pilipino noon, si Arroyo ang naging simbulo ng pag-asa at ng pagsisimula ng isang bagong kabanata. Sa panahong nagsimula akong mamulat at matutong makialam

Independence day
a loob ng sampung pulgadang haba at dalawang pulgadang lapad ng kolum ko, mayroon akong ganap na kalayaan. Ngunit kahit kailan, wala akong karapatang angkinin ito, hindi ito personal na espasyo, espasyo ito ng mga mag-aaral at ng inaaping uri. Okay, naiintindihan ko kako. Ang tagal na rin nitong pag-uusap namin.Marami pa akong gagawin, at sa puntong ito, mas mahalaga ang lecture ng prof kong hindi alam ang ibig sabihin ng “grace period.” Isang beses lang kung magroll call at impunto kung impunto, kaya kung malelate ka nang 10 minutes, mamatay ka na lang. Late na ako sa klase ko, sabi ko, at tumalilis na ako palabas ng opisina ng Kule. Mamaya ko na lang itutuloy ang diskurso namin ng editor ko, mamaya ko na lang sasabihing wala akong kasalanan at may konsepto naman ng “freedom of expression.” Sumakay ako ng Ikot papunta sa NIGS. At mukhang sinuswerte ako dahil maganda ang tugtog sa jeep. “Hoy, Chang! Nakakairita ang kolum mo ha.” Binabawi ko na. Kung minamalas nga naman ako sa mga sinasakyang jeep. Nakasabay ko pa si Jane*. “Masyado mo naman akong binida sa kolum mo. Mukha lang talaga akong mahirap na mahirap,” aniya, at kinurot pa ako. Eh mahirap ka naman talaga, sabi ko, at humiling na rin ako sa kalangitan na sana hindi na lang siya pinagkalooban ng bibig. Kasama ni Jane ang lalaking palagi niyang nakukuwento sa akin. Hindi ko nababanggitin kung ano pang agenda ni Jane sa kasama niya. Masyado nang obvious. At tama si Jane, maganda ang mga mata niya. Naalala ko na, Ralph* ang pangalan niya. Mukhang hindi inalintana ni Ralph ang sikat ng araw sa buong buhay niya. Sa tantiya ko, kasing puti ko siya dati. Pinaitim lang ng lansangan. Ikaw ba si Gino Chang, ‘yung kolumnista sa Kule, tanong ni Ralph. Hindi, ikasampung tao ka nang pinagkamalan akong si Gino Chang, sagot ko. Humagalpak sa tawa si Jane. Ah, ikaw ‘yung naniniwalang may pag-asa pa ang sistema. Na sa awa ng Diyos, ipamimigay ng mga panginoong maylupa ang mga lupa sa mga magsasaka sapagkat naantig ang damdamin nila. Kung maipapatupad nang maayos ang mga reporma, maglalaho ang talamak na korapsyon, hindi na susupilin ang mga manggagawa sa piketlayn, irorollback ang tuition sa mga state universities. Masaya, parang teletubbies. Pinagmasdan ko muli si Ralph. Nakalimutan ko, kasamahan nga pala ito ni Jane. Si Jane na tinext ako kaninang umaga ng “Good morning! Araw ng Huwad na Kalayaan bukas! :) “ Masyado ka kasing subjective, tugon ko. Masyado mo nang tinatanganan ang ideolohiya mong hindi na akma sa panahon. Patuloy kang tumingin sa langit na parang palaka sa balon. Mag-usap na lang tayo ulit, Ralph, sabi ko. Bumaba ako sa Quezon Hall at hindi na hinintay pa ang tugon niya. Mag-aabang na lang ulit ako ng bagong jeep. Totoo namang nais ko pang mag-usap muli kami ni Ralph. Hindi ko lang gustong magbato ng mga argumento sa isang rumaragasang jeep, at kung kailan late na ako. q
*hindi tunay na pangalan



sa mga nagaganap sa labas ng aking personal na espasyo, si Arroyo ang nasa rurok ng kapangyarihan. Para sa tulad kong papasibol ang kamalayan noong panahong iyon, si Arroyo na ang naging mukha ng pamahalaan. Nang lumaon, ang imahe ni Arroyo bilang lider na makapagsasalba sa bansa ay unti-unting gumuho. Ito ay matapos ang realisasyong hindi naman tuluyang nagbago ang buhay namin sa ilalim ng kasalukuyang administrayon. At hindi ko na kinailangan pang manood ng balita upang mapagtanto ito. Tulad ng maraming Pilipinong itinutulak ng kahirapan upang mangibang-bansa, umalis din ang

aking ina upang magtrabaho bilang OFW--isang kuwentong kinatha mismo ni Arroyo sa pamamagitan ng kanyang palisiyang ilako sa ibang bansa ang lakas-paggawa ng mga mamamayan upang maisalba ang naghihingalong ekonomiya. Hindi ko na rin kinailangang buksan ang TV upang mabatid ang katotohanang sa kasalukuyang kaayusan ng mga bagay-bagay, hindi naman tayo nag-uumpisa nang pantay-pantay sa karera ng buhay. Ito ang nakita ko sa loob ng paaralan. May mga nauuna kaya’t sila’y mas madaling nakararating sa dulo. Salamat sa pamahalaang ipinagpapatuloy ang ganitong kalakaran. Lumaki akong pesimistiko, naniniwalang karamihan sa mga inaasam kong maabot sa buhay ay

hindi ko naman talaga makakamtam. Dulot marahil ng nakikita ko sa aking paligid, kung saan maraming pangarap ang namamatay/pinapatay ng kakulangan/kawalan ng oportunidad. Lumaki akong madaling magalit. Dala na rin siguro ng sunudsunod na masasamang balitang humambalos sa atin sa nakaraang mga taon. Lumaki akong mahirap magtiwala. Dahil madali namang dayain ang mga bagay, mula sa pinakamaliliit tulad ng isang pagsusulit, hanggang sa pinakamalalaki tulad ng pagpili ng pangulo. Sa edad kong 21, pangkaraniwan na sa aking tingnan ang negatibong aspeto ng mga bagay. Marahil dahil lumaki ako sa panahon ni Arroyo--isang kabanata ng ating kasaysayan na minarkahan ng kabuktutan at kawalang-katiyakan. Mahirap sigurong kalimutan si Arroyo. Kakatuwang isiping marami akong bagay na naranasan sa unang pagkakataon habang siya ang nakaupong pangulo--unang kabiguan, unang tagumpay, unang yapak sa UP, unang pakikisangkot sa mga isyung panlipunan, unang trabaho, unang pag-ibig. Paano mo nga ba siya makalilimutan kung lumaki ka sa panahon ni Arroyo--ang panahon ng aking kabataan? Mahirap isiping hindi na si Gloria ang presidente. Para sa tulad kong namulat sa realidad ng lipunan noong nakaraang dekada, si Arroyo ang naging simbulo ng isang burukrasyang nasa kamay ng mga makapangyarihan. Siya ang nakikita ko sa mga poster at banner ng mga aktibistang nais singilin ang pamahalaan sa mga kasalanan nito sa mamamyan. Ang kanyang effigy ang sinusunog tuwing SONA. Pagbukas ko ng TV, siya ang palaging laman ng masasamang mga balita. Siya ang kinamumuhian. Siya ang kinasusuklaman. Siya ang nakasanayang nais nang wakasan. q

ix words. Naubusan na ako ng mga salita. Hindi pala. Ang dami kong gustong sabihin pero walang lumalabas. Hindi ko mahanap ang mga tamang salita. Naisip ko, hindi kaya kung bakit wala na akong masabi ay kasi wala na talagang dapat sabihin? Hindi naman siguro ganun. Palagi at palaging may sasabihin. Madalas lang na walang gustong makinig. English. Taytel ng libro. Nabasa ko sa Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s stone: “It does not do to dwell on dreams and forget to live.” Madalas ay ayaw ko na ang magising. Kung ako lang, ay patuloy na lang akong mananaginip. Magpapakalunod na lang ako sa mga kathang isip kesa magising sa realidad na masaklap pa sa bangungot. Para sa akin, isang masamang panaginip ang hindi makapagsalita. Kung wala din naming masabi eh bakit kelangan pa magising? Problema nga lang ay hindi naman ako makatulog. Paano gigising kung wala namang tulog kung saan ako dapat gisigin? Fourth word, one syllable. Sounds like ‘eye’. Alam mo yung feeling na mulat na mulat ang mga mata? Yung hindi talaga madapuan ng antok? Minsan pa nga ay halos maiyak na ako dahil gus-


tong-gusto ko na ang makatulog, pagod na pagod na kasi ako. Pero ayaw talaga kahit pa gaano pa kadiin ko ipikit ang mga mata ko. Sana ganun lang kadali yun, pipikit lang ako tapos nandun na ako sa dreamland—kung saan kita kikitain. Third word, one syllable. Sounds like ‘match’. Bagay tayo. Sabi nila. Sabi mo, huwag akong magsulat ng kolum tungkol na naman sayo. Dagdag mo pa, bakit hindi na

lang ako sumulat tungkol sa araw ng kalayaan, o tungkol sa unemployment, o iba pang mga bagay. Madami namang iba diyan. Pero paano ako susulat ng iba, kung ikaw at ikaw lang ang laman ng isip ko? Sixth word, one syllable. Nakaturo ako sa’yo. Ikaw nga. Ikaw na naman. Hindi ka mawala sa isip ko. Palagi at palagi kang nasa panaginip ko kung makatulog man ako. At lahat ng bagay ay nakokonek ko sayo, mula amoy ng fabric

conditioner hanggang pangalan ng mga santo. Minsan nga nakakita lang ako ng nakashorts ay naalala agad kita. Hindi ka naman kasi nawala sa isip ko, kahit saan man ako naroroon. Second word, one syllable. Sounds like ‘house’. Minus ‘s’. Madalas ay nasa bahay na lang ako ngayon. Milyamilya ang layo mula sa kung saan ka man naroroon. Sa bahay wala naman akong magawa kundi magbasa, wala na kasing ibang magawa. Minsan nga, nakakatapos ako ng tatlong libro sa iisang araw. Hindi lang kasi dahil walang magawa kundi pati na din kasi hindi ako makatulog. Baka nga kako ganun, kaya wala akong masabi dahil, sa kakabasa ko, sa ibang tao ko napupulot ang mga dapat sabihin. Ibang tao ang nagsasabi para sakin. First word, one syllable. Isang malaking question mark. Pero ano nga ba ang dapat sabihin? Fifth word, one syllable. Korteng puso. Walang dapat sabihin, hindi naman kasi sapat ang mga salita. Parang sa charades kung saan hindi na kailangan ng salita, sapat na ang katahimikan para sa pagkakaintindihan. Game. q

Open Letter to Newly-Proclaimed Philippine President Benigno Aquino III
e, concerned groups in Australia and New Zealand, urge you Mr. Aquino, to prove to the international community that there is hope for significant improvement in the Philippine human rights situation and greater confidence for peace-building under your leadership. Now that the Marcoses are back in power and the Arroyos are still very much in power, any compromise deal with the Marcoses and Arroyos under your administration will betray not only your father but every Filipino who yearn for justice, accountability and meaningful change. As peace advocates in the international community, we fully support calls for your administration to pursue formal peace negotiations with the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) towards resolving outstanding issues of land/ancestral domain and socio-economic injustices in the Philippines. To restore the public’s faith in the justice system and build up confidence for the peace process, we ask you to take steps to: 1. Immediately release the 43 health workers and all political prisoners who remain in unjust detention on purely fabricated charges under the campaign of political repression of the Arroyo presidency. 2. End Arroyo’s Oplan Bantay Laya and all forms of repressive campaigns against trade unions, peasant groups and all legal mass organisations critical of corruption, military abuses, economic plunder and anti-poor policies of the government.

Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010



3. Promote greater protection of media workers and undo the efforts to make the Ampatuans go scot-free for the 25th November 2009 massacre that claimed the lives of the biggest number of journalists in a single day. 4. Ensure justice for all victims of extra-judicial killings and enforced disappearances. Prosecute the main perpetrators of rights abuses like the notorious Gen. Jovito Palparan. 5. Order the opening of all military detention camps and facilities for the kin and human rights advocates to search for victims of enforced disappearances. 6. Fulfill the long-overdue compensation for surviving victims of the Marcos dictatorship. We have watched the Philippines closely and supported the Filipino people’s struggles against injustice and tyranny since the Marcos dictatorship. We are aware that a number of victims of extra-judicial killings under Arroyo include indigenous peoples, peasants and environment advocates who were at the forefront of campaigns against mining giants, including Australian companies. We shall continue to join the international community in watching and challenging your administration to stop all repressive policies of the previous regimes that gave rise to massive human rights abuses. We fervently hope that ending militarist policies, promoting the peace process and making the Arroyo presidency accountable for nine years of large-scale corruption and human rights abuses will be priority agenda of your administration. 11 June 2010 Helen Kelly, President of the biggest trade union centre in New Zealand Roger Jowett, Chairperson of Philippines-Australia Union Link (PAUL).
Hacienda Luisita sa Tarlac. 6 years na, wala pa ring nakakamit na hustisya ang mga bik tima ng masakerat panunupil. -03 45854 sana itigil nya na ang holiday economics ni Gloria 2007-10841 Sana ma2to na c Noynoy pumorma since he’ll b d face of d Philippines! Sana hindi cabinet members niya ang magpatakbo ng Pinas & NO BLACKOUTS PLEASE! 2006-02782 Umaasa ako ng pagbabago lalo na sa allocated budget ng gobyerno pra sa edukasyon. Sna nmn eh ndi mainvolve ang bgong administrasyon s mga scandal 2lad ng nanyari s panahon ni arroyo n record breaker pgdting s mga scandals. 2007-54408 Jasper Tore MatE Wala. May maasahan ba sa kanya? 2008-35103 Hmm, umaasa ako na yung sinseridad na nakita k okay noynoy ay totoo talaga at gagampanan niya ang mga tungkulin ng isang tunay na pangulo na matagal nang pinaka aasam asam ng bawat mamamayan ng bansang Pilipinas. Maganda po yung ar tikulong de ja vu, super like ko saka yung eksenang peyups. 2010-14056

to Rm. 401, Vinzons Hall, UP Diliman Quezon City Email us philippinecollegian1011@gmail.com. Save Word attachments in Rich Text Format, with INBOX, NEWSCAN or CONTRIB in the subject. Fax us 9818500 loc 4522. Always include your full name, address and contact details.
We welcome questions, constructive criticism, opinions, stands on relevant issues andv other reactions. Letter may be edited for brevity or clarity. Due to space constraints, letter must have only 400 words or less. Send the letters to philippinecollegian@gmail.com Get free publicity! Email us your press releases, invitations, etc. DON’T TYPE IN ALL CAPSB and, go easy on... the punctuations?! Complete sentences only. Don’t use text language please. Please provide a shor t title. Be concise 100 words maximum.

UP Diliman Freshman Week
The University Student Council invites all freshies to a par ticipate in a series of events this July. July 12 –Rookie Camp in Sunken Garden and Film Screening at the UP Film Institute July 13 &14 – Freshman Fair at the AS Parking Lot July 15 – College Pasiklaban in the School of Economics Auditorium July 16 – Freshman Concer t & Fashion Show at the Bahay ng Alumni See you there!

Write to us via snail mail or submit a soft copy



Engineering Centennial Opening Week
This June, the UP College of Engineering will BURN. Join us in celebrating theEngineering Centennial Opening Week, FIERCE 100: Engineering, Flame On! June 21: FIERCE Day High[Opening Day: Parade, Grand Pakain, Depar tment and Institute Seminars] June 22: Fair the FIERCE Time [Depar tment and Organization Exhibits, College Fair: featuring 15 Org Booths] June 23: Time FIERCE! [Engineering’s Got Talent: Showdown of Engineering Organizations] June 24: FIERCEhand, FIERCE Place [Hand Prints on a Canvass: Nationalistic Campaign; Engineering Centennial Freshmen Blocks’ Amazing Race] June 25: FIERCE Degree Burn [Free Flowing Drinks. Culminating Club Par ty. Fashion Show] BE FIERCE. BURN.



I L L U S T R A T O R S , PHOTOGRAPHERS, LAYOUT ARTISTS AND WEB STAFF NEEDED! Bring sample portfolio and two blue books

DUP’s Essential Theater Season


yuu Mahusay ang unang kule, lalo na na ang blank black page na may naaaninag na ribbon s kanang bahagi, mainam it0ng paraan pra di ikahon at hayaang magisip ang mga estudyante s kabuluhan nito. – saragnayan Ganda ng unang issue ng kule! very informative at nkakaattract yung front page! 0978807 val polsci I lyk d latest issue ng kule. bentang2 ung eksnang peyups. Kwa2 nman up. npu2n0 ng mga AYER.bka mamya imbes n f ilpn0 o englsh,pur 0 n lng Like yah! ang msbi ng profs. 06-26784 Nakakapanibago ang itsura ng kule ngayon. At magaganda mga ar ticles for the 1st issue ha. Good job! Pero wala na ung column ni paolo balajadia? 09-50589 Napakalinis ng bagong kule! Rakenrol! 200609656 ganda ng 1st issue! lalo na ung front page! Gs2 ko gawing wallpaper! Yeah! 2008-19608 Ayos un kule, tabloid na tabloid un dating pero cool pa din. Sayang lang at wala na un ar ticle ni paolo balajadia, tsk. Rakenrol! -0978517 chico civil eng’g Ang pangit nung issue ngayon. Mas maganda yung mga nakaraang taon. Pero oks ung komiks. 09-01349 Ui colored n kule, ok n pondo nio? Buti naman. Ü Kudos! Sensible at cool as always prn ang ar ticles neo. Loved it. c: 07-33235

Dulaang UP (DUP) will launch its 35th season this August. In celebration of its 35th, season, DUP will restage four plays relevant to every Filipino. The upcoming season will open with Francisco Baltazar’s Orosman at Zafira (August 11-29, 2010), directed by Dexter Santos.

her lia

Send in your opinions and feedback via SMS! Type KULE<space> YOUR MESSAGE <space> STUDENT NUMBER (required), NAME and COURSE (optional) and send to:

I do hope that Gino Chang IS in ‘deep shit’ after whining about small off ice space and the ‘middle class’ troubles. Not to mention thrashing his coworker(s). His ignorance is a poor ref lection of what Kule is about. I know, freedom of speech and all, but such a limited perspective should not be on Kule. Poor judgment to publish his crap. I hope to say ‘good riddance’ to him soon. --639152538058 Andaming f lashbax ng kule. Interesting yung f irst quar ter storm. Bakit ganun yung continuation nung shrinkin space? 200927908 Ano ang punto ng column ni gino chang? Medyo mayabang ang pagkakasulat dito. Mas ok pa rin ang nakalipas na 2 manunulat na nauna sa kanya. 04-3992* I commend mr.Chang’s column last june 9 (shrinking space) for making a brave stand against ‘heated dogmatism’. I may not be a fan of noynoy, but I admire ur courageous attempt to put ur deviant stand into print. A free press exists to inform people, to empower them, not manipulate them, to give them a chance of an informed opinion, not dictating to them what they should think. That’s the basic difference between journalism and mere propaganda. An ideology that doesn’t tolerate doesn’t deser ve to be tolerated. 2007-04965


Non-UP students must indicate any school, organizational or sectoral affiliation.
Ano ang inaasahan mo kay Noynoy Aquino ngayong pangulo na siya ng Pili pinas?
Ang inaasahan ko kay noynoy ay isang malagong pagbabago. Kasabay ng paglago ng buhok nya. 08-50218 Sna nman pag naupo n c noynoy ay hndi puro pgatake ky GMA ang gwain nya. Gawin nya ang pnangako nyang platform n “against corruption” at hwag gawing dhilan at sisihin ang GMA admin qng skaling lalong bumagsak ang ekonomiya ng Pilipinas s pamumuno niya. 2006-73914 BS Physics unang-una, inaasahan kong haharapin at sosolusyunan na ang isyu sa kanilang hasyenda, sa

Ano ang masasabi mo sa first issue ng Kule?
Andaming wasted na white space tsk tsk sa kule ngayon. And I liked the layout before >: 05-16853 Lumelevel-UP! Colored! Aus yn pampabuenas,para makulay ang isa nanamang year ng pagtataguyod s mga isko at iska! 200948836 PAPA BS BAA Asteeeg ng bgong kule!! Ü lalo na ung front page, colored pa! :) 2009-21249 Hanep ang f irst page, iba iba n kulay, sna tuloy tuloy na. ayos ung wazzup, ntuwa aq hehe. 0912511

Next week’s question:
1.Ano ang gusto mong gawin ni GMA sa huling dalawang linggo ng kanyang termino? 2.Kung papalitan mo ang pangalan ni Alejandro sa kanta ni Lady Gaga, anong pangalan at bakit?

Huhu.. Ang mahal naman ng tinaas ng lab fee ng eee. Buti na lang nagshift na ko. Haha! 200x-0x201 vin engg I want to j0in kule though stil a freshie 2010-10417


Philippine Collegian

Huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010


Shattered Images

Philippine Collegian 10-11

Bahid ng Pangulong Manhid
Ruth Aliposa Collage June 2010

The first week high edishun
la! SA wakaaaas, after all the buhulbuhol sa OUR at PNB at FC, nakaenrol na aketch at ready- marie na magstart ng sem! Haggardo magbanua man ang enrolment, grateful-barretto pa rin me dahil I got a PE and a PI, as in, like you know, the Pepi? Hihihihi. Don’t hunt me down to get my slot ha? Kermi? While making rounds the FC for the perfect PI cass, may winner na kwento aketch akong narinig tungkol sa warlang prerog-an sa University of the Pilipenis. Here it gooooooes! Inabutan ni Person X ang isang Person Y sa labas ng Rum ng Ola Chika class na gusto niyang prerog-an. Ready for the first day talaga si Person Y, with matching polo, slacks, at bagong polish na leather shoes. Taray! Afraid lapitan sa tarrray ng outfit. Person X: Sir, pwede po ba mag-prerog? Person Y: Uh, what do you need this course for? Person X: Major po sir, hindi ko po kasi naenlist sa crs. Person Y: Oh, okay. We’ll see if I can still accept one more, the class list is not yet final. Nadepress naman si Person X, dahil mukhang malabo ang chances na makapasok sa class. After some minutes, may umarrive na maestra sa


Rum. Habol galore si Person Y kay maestra, sabay – Person Y: Maam! Pwede po paprerog? At nasira ang magnificent cover ni Person Y kay X. Kaya pala nakaformal, dahil bigating class ang pinagmulan. Pordat, ang tanging nasabi ni Person X kay Y: Pakyu! May nasenz ring aketch na chismax tungkol sa isang far-away college. Sa far-away college na itech, naglabas raw ng datung ang mga not-so-fresh na freshies, para mawelcome sila sa college. Parang nagbayad ng entrance fee ang guests of honor sa isang partee ha?! Hay naker mga veklahng kubrador sa far-away college, may student fund na, may entrance fee pa sa freshie party. Wafaz! Diter na muna mag-end ang aking scoop, gotta wear my Pepi shorts pa for my jogging class Uy, may naexcite. Charot. Fly na me!!!



phone buzzes and displays a message: One SMS received. The inbox folder opens, and an unknown number appears. The open button clicks, and the message is revealed. GUdpM~ P0WH. pW3de p0eWH bAh mkITapGtXTm8,~ n0h? sW3ET dREAmS p0ewH. :) The invitation unfolds, and the finger scrambles to delete the unwanted SMS. Forget gay lingo or swardspeak. These days, a new code of communication has the whole cyber community confused and occupied. Jejenese, or the jejemon language, has been under public scrutiny, earning the wrath of grammarians and drawing even an all-out war from Department of Education. The alternate small letter-caps spelling has grown to such a phenomenon that the word ‘Jejemon’ itself is nominated as word of the year by the academe. In an era when networking sites can substitute for face-to-face interaction and forum, the Jejemon has joined the ranks of the jologs, the bakya, and the low-life which the middle-class has bestowed inferior status. The crusade against the Jejemons continues, underscoring the class bias behind every EoW p0wH and the perfect, seamless sentence.
hU iz

Philippine Collegian

huwebes, 17 Hunyo 2010



From this unconventional style of texting, a subculture has emerged. The jejemons are no longer just anonymous texters or facebook users, they are a group with a specific personality and identity. In the online community, they are often described as individuals wearing loose shirts, oversized caps or imitations of branded clothing. They are considered annoying people unworthy of a decent conversation, mostly due to their disregard for grammar and spelling. The closest image of a Jejemon that comes to mind: the people loitering outside the concert grounds every UP fair, the Jumping Jologs who once attempted to barge into the event by tearing down the fences. This identity, however, was not created by the Jejemons themselves. The definition of the Urban Dictionary for Jejemons attests that the Jejemon identity was formulated by people who do not use, and probably despise, Jejenese. Jejemons were described by the site as “individuals with low IQ” and “spread idiocy on the web.” In this manner, people who communicate in Jejenese are subjected to an outside gaze that dictates their identity, similar to how the Westerners exoticized the people living in their colonies. The power of the cyber community to determine the Jejemon identity rests on access to technology, or possession of computers and the latest gadgets. As the cyber world is entered only through these tools, the capacity to create knowledge


ajEj Eje aylabY U^_^

tExCt z tectz
thiS, P0h?

The crusade against the Jejemons continues, underscoring the class bias behind every EoW p0wH and the perfect, seamless sentence

and disseminate information is limited to the class that can avail of and control technology. As the Jejemon comes from a low-earning class, his limited economic capital hampers his access to technology. In defining the Jejemon, the technologicallysavvy class gains cultural capital. Their made-up standards of what a Jejemon is should ensure their disqualification from the category. Most importantly, they would never be accused of being Jejemons – and they distance themselves farther from the lowly annoying class.

As part of the mechanism of differentiation, aggression against the Jejemon has intensified in cyberspace. From hostile stares to facebook fanpages demanding the

lyk me, not~ lyk~ US

E0Ww HZ E0Wwon S HZ ayjE m JE ay la b YU ^_ ^ ee tE ec aj Ej Ej e m w ua 4a h h

annihilation of the Jejemon, the frenzy to eliminate the subclass has become a mission of cleansing for other people. In the minds of these avid haters, the Jejemon is a malfunction in the sphere of communication. The Jejemon has insulted the rules of grammar and syntax in language and according to the Jejebuster, he deserves to be annihilated. This perception against the Jejemon language clashes with the supposed democratic spaces of the Internet, where everyone is free to invent himself through avatars and escape the rigors of the material world. Jejenese, after all, is only another variation of the many ways by which people communicate. It is no different from the coño manner of speaking, where Filipino and English are interspersed in a sentence, and the speakers are forgiven for the obvious attempt to copy the American slang. For the Jejebuster, adherence to grammatical rules is compliance to the order, which places them in a stratum above people deprived of quality education and decent jobs. To fight the Jejemon, then, equates to an assertion of their superiority. The DepEd reaction to the Jejemon, meanwhile, could be read as the agency’s denial of their failure to provide education for all. Without their knowledge, Jejemons symbolically defy the order established by the class monopolizing power and technology. By concocting their own codes of communication, they have excluded this class from their emails, status messages and their conversations. What would have been plain to understand now requires a study of the culture of this group of people, an initial attempt to bridge the gap between classes.


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It is not arbitrar y S h annoyance ra a that drives M people to hunt e down Jejemons and nn ia persecute them. People D despise the Jejemon because he belongs to a group neglected by society – the unschooled, the low-earning, the petty outlaws – and he reminds peole of the possibility of creating a new order.

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*sZ0rRy p0whZ, an2ni0 graMxi! jEj3jE _________. (2010, March 23). Jejemon. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from urbandictionary.com: http://www. urbandictionary.com/def ine.php?term=jejemon Gonzales, V. (2010, April 19). Who’s that jejemon? Retrieved June 10, 2010, from thepoc.net: http://thepoc.net/ thepoc-features/buhay-pinoy/buhay-pinoy-features/5930move-over-jologs-here-comes-jejemon.html Lee-Brago, P. (2010, May 23). Students urged: Shun Jejemon. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from www.philstar.com: http://www.philstar.com/Ar ticle.aspx?ar ticleId=577685&public ationSubCategoryId=68 Tolentino, R. (2010, May 3). Kulturang popular, kultura column, Jejemon. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from www.bulatlat. com: http://www.bulatlat.com/main/2010/05/03/jejemon/

Despite the strong opposition to Jejemons, the group has grown more resilient and has even adapted to the schemes to eliminate them. The Jejemons have lived to their identity, embraced their own brand of typing and counters negative feedback with assertions of their right to express themselves. They continue to flood concerts, chat rooms, and have even gained allies that defend them and their sub-culture. The Jejemons have learned to appropriate the identity created by their detractors. Yet, this appropriation does not guarantee the tolerance of the system for their discreet defiance of the imposed social order. As the cyber hostilities spill over to the real world, the Jejemons will need more than a single code of communication. They would have to address their basic difference with their oppressors in cyberspace: socio-economic class. The Jejebuster and grammar Nazis claim that the Jejemon wreaks grammatical havoc into the infinite world of cyberspace. While they may be right, they fail to realize the real havoc caused by the Jejephenomenon. The spontaneous, even unconscious, generation of codes only signifies the brewing rebellion against a social order that serves a few and marginalizes everyone. As the Jejemon counters the vanguards of petty propriety in language, we get a glimpse of the struggle among classes. q

careS, n0h?~ l0lz!

Dibuho ni Nico Villarete Disenyo ni Patricia Basmayor

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