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Problem 6.1
(a) ASK with coherent reception
x(t) a, Decision
a —
fg at
device
s(t)
Denoting the presence of symbol 1 or symbol 0 by hypothesis H, oF Hy, respectively,
we may write
Hyp x(t) = s(t) + w(t)”
w(t)
x(t)
where s(t) = A.cos(2nf.t), with A, = Y2E,7T,. Therefore,
x(t) s(t) dt Sy
Tf 4 > E,/2, the receiver decides in favor of symbol 1, If £ < &,/2, it decides in
favor of symbol 0
The conditional probability density functions of the random variable L, whose value
299is denoted by £, are defined by
fy po(t!0) = —L— expt Li
SE, oD
2
GE)
1 b
fey tel = expl- =
Li AR WE
The average probability of error is therefore,
E/2
Po iakyg fuiols!O4, +P, 2 fy yCttvrae
b
1° F 2 1? (2)?
=e exp FDO + FS oxl- Eda
£,/2 ANE, f =~ ANE FS
- 2
1 “
. Lo exp(- qa at
NE
Vang, | E,/2 o%
1 1
B erfe(s YEA7NQ)
(b) ASK with noncoherent reception
meee Decision
detector pan
In this case, the signal s(t) is defined by
s(t) = A.cos(2nfit + 6)
where A, = Y2 5,77, and
a O< oS 28
£,(8) =
O, otherwise
For the case when symbol 0 is transmitted, that is, under hypothesis Hy, we find that
the random variable L, at the input of the decision device, is Rayleigh-distributed:
2
ae 2
Fi yo(#lO) = sae exp(- A)
LIO ot Note
For the case when symbol 1 is transmitted, that is, under hypothesis H,, we find that the
300random variable L is Rician-distributed:
252,
+ Aer yy
ae cb.
£ (81) = exp(- )
Lit Rot, Wot,/2
where Ip(28A,/Ny) is the modified Bessel function of the first kind of zero order.
Before we can obtain a solution for the error performance of the receiver, we have to
determine a value for the threshold. Since symbols 1 and 0 occur with equal probability,
the minimum probability of error criterion yields:
a
exp(2ha/)
VRAIN,
Using this approximation, we may rewrite Eq. (1) as follows:
#.
Aa - AT) 1 Week
exp: epjizy fe
i
Bi »
° 0
0
Taking the logarithm of both sides of this relation, we get
4H.
12th, 1 fe
a? ci
“|
0
Neglecting the second term on the right hand side of this relation, and using the fact
that
e
azn
2
=
we may write
oe
1, /Er,
evi fre
H2 2
0
1
The threshold 3 4 5
two probability density functions, as illustrated below.
is at the point corresponding to the crossover between the
300 a

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