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The Spicycles team met in February 2007 in Berlin for

a consortium meeting and Workshop on Bike Sharing.

Newsletter on Bike Sharing

w Berlin

w Rome

w Ploiesti

w Göteborg

w Barcelona

This electronic newsletter on Bike Sharing is a Spicycles product; the newsletter will
develop in the course of the project and will have a final version in 2008.
Bike Sharing in Berlin
The position of cycling in Berlin is improving and far
removed from this oldest bike in the Berlin Museum for
Technology. The numbers of bike stands is increasing as a
consequence of the Berlin Building Code; more bike related
services can be seen on the street of Berlin like Rickshaws,
bike taxis, guided bike tours, rental bikes.

Cycle rickshaws ‘Bike 4 free’ has more than 200 The German Railways (DB) is as a
add to personal transport bikes with a target figure up to 600 Provider of complete mobility servic-
bikes. They offer 3 rental-stations, es; this includes the Promotion of DB
and you have to pick-up and drop-off Call a Bike and DB Car sharing to
only at the same station. The Rental is a strategic group of customer within
“4 free” but you have to leave your the DB enterprise. Call a Bike and DB
identity card with the station Car sharing thus becomes part of the
manager. The system is financed by DB Railway Card. Increasingly the
marketing of advertising spots on connection of mass public transport
part of the bikes. with means of individual traffic (Call
a Bike, Car sharing) become reality.
‘Call a Bike’ is a bike-renting system
where you can pick up your bike in a
wide area of Berlin during 24 hours
per day, 7 days a week.
Bike taxis, the originally German,
ones can now be seen in many cities The S-Bahn ring is the border of the
of Europe obviously also found there rental area.
place in Berlin.
You have to register once on internet
Berlin on Bike is becoming increas- for identification purposes but after
ingly popular and more and more that the processes for renting and
tourists can be seen on guided tours returning the bike is automated.
by bike. Guided tours are often topic Every customer is identified and
oriented or visit urban districts like the centrally records are kept of every
Berlin Wall or a river trip along River single usage, resulting in exact billing
Spree. per minute.

The new bike rental systems are The attractive design is distinctive, the
all different; Low-tech versus bikes are available at every corner
high-tech, free versus paid for where they have been left by some-
and racks versus flexible systems. one else or by you and you can rent
them for one stretch without having to
The “Fahrradstation” has 5 rental- bring them back to the place where The growing competition is seen as
stations in the city where one can do you left them. a positive development, bike sharing
online booking and reservation;the seems to be more present and Berlin
special offer is the Conference-Bike is becoming more and more a Bike

Find more here on Bike Sharing

in Berlin
Bike Sharing in Rome
For Rome bike sharing system is a fundamental step in
the development towards urban cycling; starting with
public bicycles owned by the Municipality it will prove a
valid alternative to private mobility in the historical
areas of the city.

Rome expects benefits such as The main system characteristics of

lower emission levels. A bike sharing the Rome system concerns change
system has maximum environmental in choice of mode in favor of cycling
sustainability (zero emissions) which for home-work trips, free time and
represents a high contribution to the tourism. The historical center will be
compliance with EU Regulations. the test area. The system should be To evaluate, through current
It will increase the accessibility to, an easy detectable service with high methodologies adopted by both
and revitalization of the historical public value and good information market surveys and transport studies,
centre and it will be accessible for provision regarding accessibility, the potential of the service.
the weaker categories: young and cost, advanced booking. The fleet (characteristics of the feet and fares)
elderly people and less favoured should comprise traditional bicycles
classes. It will continuously increase and electric bicycles. Rome’s first activity will be an
public awareness towards environ- ongoing market survey among about
mental themes and citizens’ percep- ATAC & CPI have initiated the 1,000 people. The interviews will
tion of the public administration’s territorial analyses and they have take place at the exchange nodes
care of the city and public areas. done the technological investigation and at the office. First results are
Rome expects that - compared to to support the bike sharing system expected by April and the full
other transport systems - a reduced studies; Dipartimiento X is defining analysis by June 2007.
economical investments will be need- the preliminary scenarios of bike
ed and the productivity of the system sharing in Rome, which is particularly
will be higher. And it will create jobs important when applying for both
in the management of the system for public and private funding
the less favoured categories.

The potential for Rome is big:

Eventually Rome might choose for the
Berlin approach, but before deciding
Rome has a number of questions that
they need to be answered; what are
the start up cost and the manage-
ment cost; what are the character-
istics of users, of trips, of the system
and of bikes.
Bike Sharing in Ploiesti
The present situation on cycling and bike sharing is being
influenced by a set of circumstances specific to Romania.
There is only one law that includes the bike and moped
traffic, but it basically addresses the traffic on the public
roads. In order to accommodate cycling better this law
will have to be developed and improved matching present
situation and requirements.

Lack of statistics hamper the oppor- Setting up an innovative bike-

tunity to emphasize the sheer poten- sharing system is in its infant stage,
tial of users of bike lanes among all but with the help and know how of
transportation modes. the partners it can become a success.

Foreign statistics can not be Important are the citizens’ informa-

applied in Romania because they tion and awareness and the results of
are influenced by the local conditions studies into:
of each area analysed. And last but w Integrating the alternative
not least: the main part of the cycling transport system with the public
infrastructure is just on paper but in transport system And this is the future vision:
reality there is a different situation. w Establishing the cycling flows
There is no Mobility Department for w Designing solutions for building the
the municipality, no multi-modal cycling lanes adapted to the
access and no communication re- existing conditions
garding the necessity of an
alternative transport The bike-sharing pilot system targets
commercial companies, local
But there is also an optimistic side to government institutions and
the situation in Ploiesti. Studies have educational organisations.
shown that teenagers ride bicycles in
weekends in limited areas and that This is the South - North planning
many commuters come especially direction:
from nearby villages on bicycles; Ploiesti already took a few steps to
private companies have more than create an innovative bike-sharing
150 parking spaces for bicycles system by involving students and
and there is an increasing trend in private companies’ employees.
cycling tourism in summertime. Meetings with the private compa-
nies interested in acquiring bicycles
Cyclists especially visit two close by for their commuter employees are
forests that are an attractive 5-10 km - Unilever –Dero Ploiesti SA, Coca
out of Ploiesti. Cola Ploiesti and British American
An this is the East - West planning. Tobacco Ploiesti. Of course meetings
These positive experiences empha- also took place with potential bike
size the necessity to promote a more suppliers.
positive behaviour towards cycling,
resulting in changing attitudes. Finally a communication and
Especially when the 14 kilometres promotion campaign was launched
length network planned within CIVI- in a public debate at the launching
TAS-SUCCESS project is extended, of the “Local sustainable develop-
this will be a real success. ment strategy for 2007-2015”
Bike Sharing in Göteborg
Increased cycling is an important target of the political
priorities in Göteborg. Bike sharing is one of the concrete
actions that will raise the status of cycling, will promote
using bicycles for short distance trips and points out the
advantages of using different modes of transportation in
different situations.

In the early phases of the project the These are the statistics for 2006: The lessons learnt now will be the
situation was carefully benchmarked w 60 companies have joined the basis for the further investigation of
and a concept study was prepared. bike sharing system. expanding the system to the inner
In the execution building permits ran w 300 smart cards city and to open it up for the public.
in parallel with the procurement w 11 bike stations
process. This allowed a fast start w 125 bicycles in the system The green dots show the stations in
of the construction. w The system was in use in average the test area of the city district
10 times a day Lundby. A prestudy for a possible
Göteborg now has 11 bicycle w Every trip in average 43 minutes expansion has been conducted
stations with about 11-12 bicycles and the red dots show the
per station. The users are satisfied: suggested locations.
w Easy to use
Pilot system in a small area w High reliability
of the city: w Accessible
The system is now for companies w Timesaving - No time spending at
only; about 200 companies were car parking
contacted and 60 companies joined w Free ferry to inner city
the system. w Staff benefit

A smart card system is at the heart

of the system and the Bike sharing
system is paid by advertising spaces.
The users pays an administration fee
for each smart card, 20 per year.
The smart cards are not personalized In 2007 Göteborg investigates
but belong to the each company. The possibilities to open up for the public
users are satisfied with the smart card in Lundby; an evaluation among the
system; it is easy to use and reliable. companies that participate is
foreseen in the autumn of 2007.
The system was opened with quite
some public attention. Speeches &
happenings and a bicycle tour with
the officials using the new bike
sharing system. It aroused a large
media attention which was an
important objective.

The stations are accessible from

06.00 - 24.00 and the bicycles can
be used max 4 hours per trip. The
system is closed December - March.
BICING: a new individual public transport by bicycle in Barcelona
The implementation of BICING, an individual public
transport by bicycle, in the City of Barcelona is an initiative
to improve intermodality between the different modes of
transport, and to promote sustainable travel within the
central city area. This new system of individual public
transport starts in March, and aims to make available
3,000 bicycles by the end of 2007.

The Barcelona City Council has

BICING cycles have a distinct
given an additional impluse
form and colour. The system is
to the planning of cycle lanes
managed by smart card, using
infrastructure (Spicycles WP5) with
the same technology that is used
some 22kms of new lanes now
in Spicycles - Gothenburg. The
programmed to link the cycle
tarrifs are designed to promote
parking stations with the city’s
a high rotation of use of BICING
strategic cycle routes network
(currently extending some 128kms)

BICING aims to:

w Create a new individual public
transport system to facilitate bike
use for citizens’ habitual travel
w Implement a sustianable, health-
inducing service fully-integrated
with the city’s public transport
system, facilitating intermodal
travel with other public transport
w Promote the bike as a usual means
of transport
w Improve quality of life, reducing air
The scheme is financed by the
and noise pollution.
benefits generated by the Green
Area Integral Parking scheme
(2006 OSMOSE award winner,
category: demand management).
It was planned after studying the
schemes in the other Spicycles cities, Like Green Area, the scheme is
and other presentations made at the managed by B:SM, a municipal
1st Catalan Cycling Congress service company, and the 200
(summer of 2006). parking stations are being located
next to underground stations, car
parkings to promote intermodality,
and next atraction points (municipal
buildings, universities, hospitals, etc).
The parking locations are designed
to provide citizens with access to a
public bike at a distance of less than
Bike Sharing in Europe as accessible on

Please help the Spicycles Team to complete this list and send an e-mail with new entries to
The Netherlands: • Amsterdam France:
• Alkmaar • Rennes
• Almelo
• Almere Buiten
• Almere Centrum
• Alphen aan den Rijn
• Amersfoort • Tours
• Amstelveen Busstation • Eindhoven
• Amsterdam Amstel
• Amsterdam Bijlmer • Arçais
• Amsterdam Centraal
• Amsterdam Muiderpoort UK:
• Amsterdam RAI • Glyncorrwg, Wales • Clermont Ferrand
• Amsterdam Sloterdijk
• Amsterdam Zuid WTC
• Apeldoorn • Fremington near Barnstaple, Exmoor and Okehampton  • Le Marais Poitevin
• Arnhem
• Assen
• Baarn • Aberdeen • Toulouse
• Best
• Bilthoven
• Bovenkarspel-Grootebroek* • Cumbria • Strasbourg
• Boxtel
• Breda choisir/
• Bussum Zuid* • Wiltshire
• Castricum • Lyon
• Culemborg
• Delft • Inverness-shire, Scotland
• Deventer
• Dordrecht Italy:
• Driebergen-Zeist • Shropshire • Florence
• Ede-Wageningen
• Eindhoven
• Eindhoven Beukenlaan* • Jersey, Channel Islands
• Emmen Spain:
• Enschede • Barcelona
• Goes • Glasgow
• Gouda
• Maassluis
• Maastricht Denmark:
• Meppel • Edinburgh • Copenhagen
• Middelburg
• Naarden-Bussum how_to_get_around/bikes/bike_hire
• Nijmegen
• Roermond • Dunoon
• Roosendaal Austria:
• Rotterdam Alexander* • Vienna
• Rotterdam Centraal • Trossachs
• Rotterdam Zuidplein
• Schiedam Centrum
• Schiphol* • Perthshire
• Sittard
• Sneek* Czech Republic:
• Steenwijk • Prague
• Tiel
• Groningen • Dundee & St Andrews • Cesky Krumlo
• Den Haag Centraal
• Den Haag HS • Brno
• Den Haag Laan van NOI* • Fort William & area
• Den Haag Mariahoeve*
• Haarlem
• Haarlem Spaarnwoude* Slovakia:
• Heemstede-Aerdenhout • Invernesscity • Bratislava
• Heerenveen
• Heerhugowaard
• Helmond • Invernessregion
• ‘s-Hertogenbosch Belgium:
• Hillegom* • Antwerp
• Hilversum
• Hilversum Noord
• Hilversum Sportpark
• Hoofddorp* • Aberdeenshire
• Hoogeveen
• Hoorn
• Houten
• Kampen • London
• Leeuwarden
• Leiden Centraal
• Leiden Lammenschans
• Lelystad Germany:
• Tilburg • Berlin
• Utrecht Centraal • Frankfurt
• Utrecht Stadhuis • München
• Utrecht Terwijde* • Köln
• Utrecht Westraven • Dresden
• Velsen Zuid** • Brandenburg
• Venlo
• Vleuten*
• Vlissingen • Dresden,
• Weesp • Erlangen,
• Winschoten* • Heidelberg,
• Woerden • Leipzig,
• Zaandam • Nurnberg,
• Zaltbommel • Wiesbaden.
• Zoetermeer Centrum West
• Zoetermeer Stadhuis
• Zutphen
• Zwijndrecht
• Zwolle
Participating Supporting
Cities Agencies
Rome, DB Rent GmbH,
Dipartimento X, Politiche Germany
Ambientali ed Agricole
Italy Goudappel Coffeng BV,
The Netherlands
Senate Department for CPI Progetti S.P.A.,
Urban Development Italy
Germany Velo Mondial,
The Netherlands/
Ploiesti, England
City Hall (PMP),
Romania University of Rome
“La Sapienza” DITS,
Bucharest, Italy
Regia Autonoma de
Transport Bucuresti (RATB), ATAC
Romania (Agenzia della Mobilità del
Comune di Roma S.p.A),
Barcelona, Italy
Barcelona Municipality
Spain (Istituto di Studi per
l’Integrazione dei Sistemi),
Göteborg, Italy
Traffic and Public
Transport Authority

sustainable Planning &

Innovation for Bicycles

Intelligent Energy - Europe (IEE)

- SAVE, ALTENER, STEER and Horizontal Key Actions -
Type 1 Actions