Recitation Sections Learning Objectives

Recitation Section #3 (Neuroscience and Behavior) – February 15-16th Homework #2 (homework questions are highlighted) 1. Describe the parts of a neuron, and explain how its impulses are generated. 2. How do neurons communicate with one another? What is a synapse? What is a neurotransmitter? Name three neurotransmitters and their functions. 3. How does cocaine affect neurotransmission? What causes the cocaine rush and the cocaine crash? 4. What is the difference between MRI and fMRI? What is the difference between an agonist and an antagonist? What is an electroencephalogram? What is a PET scan? 5. What is the primary function of the brainstem, and where is it located? Name the parts of the brainstem. What does the thalamus do? 6. What are three functions of the amygdala, and where is it located? 7. What is the difference between neurons and glial cells? 8. What are the four lobes of the brain? Give one function for each. What lobe would process words that we hear? What lobe would process words that we see? What lobe would process words that we speak? 9. What are the differences in function between the sensory cortex and the motor cortex? Where is each located in the brain? 10. What is neural prosthetics? 11. Give an example of brain plasticity. 12. Describe split-brain research, and explain how it helps us understand the functions of our left and right hemispheres. 13. If we flashed a red light to the right hemisphere of a split-brain patient and flashed a green light to the left hemisphere, would each observe its own color? Would the person be aware that the colors differ? What would the person verbally report seeing?

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