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1. Pronumele personal a) cu functie de subiect b) cu functie de complement a) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de subiect (cazul Nominativ): I (persoana I, singular) --- eu You (pers. a II-a, sg.) --- tu, dumneata, dumneavoastra He (pers. a III-a, sg., masulin) --- el She (pers. a III-a, sg., feminin) --- ea It (pers. a III-a, sg., neutru) --- el, ea (neutru), pentru nume de obiecte, lucruri, animale We (pers. I, pl.) --- noi You (pers. a-II-a, pl.) --- voi, dumneavoastra They (pers. a III-a, pl.) --- ei, ele, dumnealor Exemple: I am a big girl. He lives near the school. We like chocolate very much. Do you like football? b) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de complement(cazul Acuzativ): me (pers. I, sg.) - mie, imi, mi (complement indirect) - pe mine, ma, m (complement direct) you (pers. a II-a, sg.) - tie, iti, ti, dumitale, dumneavoastra (complement indirect) - pe tine, te, pe dumneata, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct) him (pers. a III-a, sg., m.) - lui, ii, i (complement indirect) - pe el, il (complement direct) her (pers. a III-a g., f.) - ei, ii, i (complement indirect) - pe ea, o (complement direct) it (pers. a III-a, sg., neutru, pt. obiecte si animale) - lui, ei, ii, i (complement indirect) - pe el, il, pe ea, o (complement direct) us (pers. I, pl.) - noua, ne, ni (complement indirect) - pe noi, ne (complement direct) you (pers. a II-a, pl.) - voua, va, vi, dumneavoastra (complement indirect) - pe voi, va, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct) them (pers. a III-a, pl.) - lor, le, li (complement indirect) - pe ei, ii, i (complement direct) Exemple: I watch my brother playing tennis. You gave me a nice gift. Give them a kiss from me!
2. Pronumele reflexive si de intarire myself --- ma, insumi (masculin), insami (feminin) [pers. I, sg.] yourself --- te, insuti (m.), insati (f.) [pers. a II-a, sg.] himself --- se, insusi (m.) [pers. a III-a, sg., m] herself --- se, insesi (f.) [pers. a III-a, sg., f.] itself --- se, insusi, insasi (neutru, pt. obiecte si animale) [pers. a III-a sg., n.] ourselves --- ne, insine (m.), insene (f.) [pers. I, pl.] yourselves --- va, insiva (m), inseva (f.) [pers. a II-a, pl.] themselves --- se, insisi (m.), insesi (f.) [pers. a III-a, pl.] Exemple: I found myself very smart. We did ourselves all the exercises. 3. Pronumele demonstrativ this --- acesta, aceasta, asta, asta (de apropiere, sg.) that --- acela, aceea, ala, aia (de departare, sg.) these --- acestea, acestia, astia, astea (de apropiere, pl.) those --- acelea, aceia, aia, alea (de departare, pl.) Exemple: This is my brother. Those are his parents. 4. Adjectivele (G.) / Pronumele (D.) posesive: my (cazul Genitiv), mine (cazul Dativ) --- al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale mele [pers. I, sg.] your (G.), yours (D.) --- al tau, a ta, ai tai, ale tale [pers. a II-a, sg.] his (G. / D.) --- al sau (a lui), a sa (a lui), ai sai (ai lui), ale sale (ale lui) [pers. a III-a, sg., m] her (G.), hers (D.) ---al sau (a ei), a sa (a ei), ai sai (ai ei), ale sale (ale ei) [pers. aIII-a, sg., f.] its (own) (G. / D.) --- al sau, a sa, ai sai, ale sale (neutru) [pers. a III-a sg., n.] our (G.), ours (D.) --- al nostru, a noastra, ai nostri, ale noastre [pers. I, pl.] your (G.), yours (D.) --- al vostru, a voastra, ai vostri, ale voastre [pers. a II-a, pl.] their (G.), theirs (D.) --- al lor, a lor, ai lor, ale lor [pers. a III-a, pl.] Exemple: My brother is tall, but yours is taller. His car is old, but hers is older. I lost my pencil, can you lend me yours? 5. Pronumele nehotarat some + body, one, thing (somebody, someone, something) any + body, one, thing (anybody, anyone, anything) no + body, one, thing (nobody, no one, nothing) Exemple: I want something from you. She didn't find anything in the fridge. There was no one in the room. 6. Pronumele relativ who --- care whom/who --- pe care whose --- al (a, ai, ale) carui, careia, carora
what --- ce, ceea ce which --- care, pe care (pt. lucruri, obiecte ...) that --- care Exemple: My brother, who is a doctor, lives in Bucharest. Tom, whose car was stolen, bought another one last week. I found a cat that was lost. I didn't like what I saw. 7. Pronumele interogativ who? --- cine? whom? who? --- pe cine? whose? --- al (a, ai, ale) cui? what? --- care?, pe care,ce? which? --- (pe) care dintre? Exemple: Whom did you see last Sunday? Whose shoes are those? What are you doing? Which do you like more? Exercitii: 1. Completati propozitiile urmatoare cu forma corecta a pronumelui reflexiv: 1) I enjoyed _______ at the party 2) My father didn't buy the book for _______ 3) The dog cut _______ while running in the street. 4) Help _______ with some fruit, John and Mary. 5) We saw _______ in the snow. 2. Completati propozitiile de mai jos cu forma corecta a pronumelui posesiv: 1) This is my cat. It is _______ 2) That is his lamp. It is _______ 3) These are our maps. They are _______ 4) Those are their shoes. They are _______ 5) This is her shirt. It is _______ 3. Completati corect spatiile goale cu unul dintre pronumele din paranteze: 1) I saw Mr. Thompson _______ is John's father. (that, who, which) 2) _______ did you meet last week, John or Steve? (which, who, whose) 3) Puffy, _______ is a big cat, is very lazy. (which, who, whose) 4) _______ are you doing? (whom, what, that) 5) _______ is going with you at the theatre? (who, that, whom)