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Put Call Ratio

Put Call Ratio

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03/05/2011

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Put-Call Ratio

(Derivatives Classroom- Series III)

Introduction
In this volatile market it is becoming extremely difficult for day traders and investors to predict the future market movement. Trading in this choppy market is becoming complex day by day and one need to be equipped with new tools and market indicators with which they can predict the market behavior and invest accordingly. Option market have grown by leaps and bound in current market phase. Average turnover in Index option has almost doubled compared to Index futures. Average Daily Volume in Index option has grown from INR 14800 CRS. (FY 2008-09) to INR 26000 CRS. (FY 2009 till date), whereas Average Daily Volume in Index futures have grown from INR 14200 CRS. (FY 200809) to INR 16450 CRS. (FY 2009 till date). Thus it is necessary to study the activity on option in detail. Put - Call

Ratio is one of the important market indicator, others being implied volatility, VIX, etc. which we would covering at a
later date..

While most options traders are familiar with the leverage and flexibility that options offer, not everybody is aware of their value as predictive tools. PCR volume is one of the reliable indicators of direction of future market. It is a contrarian sentiment measure. By tracking the daily and weekly volume of puts and calls in the stock market, we can gauge the feelings of traders. While too many put buyers usually signal that a market bottom is nearing, too many call buyers typically indicates a market is in the process of making its top.

Chart I

Put-Call Ratio
(Derivatives Classroom- Series III)

The Put/Call Open Interest Ratio is simply the number of Put options Open Interest in a given day divided by the number of Call options Open Interest in same day. A Put option gives the right to sell and a Call option gives the right to buy. If Put Call ratio is high, there are more Put options trading in the market, it means that more people are buying a right to sell i.e. more people want to sell in the future-an indicator of bearishness. If the put call ratio is lower then it indicates bullishness, as more people want to buy in the future. In chart 1 we see that there is direct correlation between PCR OI and Nifty. Whenever PCR OI moves Nifty rallies and vice versa. However there are instances where in sometimes this relationship does not hold good.

Chart II

On other hand Put - Call Ratio Volume is contrarian strategy. There will be some lag effect as the Put Call Ratio is an indicator of future trend while Nifty is the actual trend but then also PCR gives us some indication about the behavior of the market in advance. When a broad trend line is plotted over the year till date, the trend of Nifty shows an opposite direction to that of the Options. It can also be easily made out that whenever PCR volume starts falling, Index moves up and vice versa. In the Chart II if we look at the green highlighted circle we can see that as the PCR Volume fell from peak of 1.25 on 4th March 2009 to 0.63 on 5th May 2009 whereas Nifty gained 38 % from 2645 to 3662. Similarly blue highlighted circle shows that as the PCR moved up Index came down. From 4th August 2009 to 19th August 2009, PCR moved from 0.81 to 1.00 whereas Nifty came down from 4680 to 4395, clearly depicting inverse relationship. In the end we can conclude that Put/Call ratio is yet another solid weapon within a speculator's arsenal to trade and give clear picture many times that when to exit or when to enter the market but then also one cannot rely only on Put/call ratio to survive in the market and earn money. This fact also cannot be ignored that it is a very powerful tool, which helps the speculator a great extent to predict the market movement and invest accordingly.

Disclaimer:
Issuer of the Document:- HSBC InvestDirect Securities (India) Limited* Registered Office:Dhana Singh Processor Premises J B Nagar, Andheri - Kurla Road Andheri (East) Mumbai – 400 059 Telephone: +91 22 6789 7830 Fax: +91 22 6789 7700 Website: www.hsbcinvestdirect.co.in

Disclosure
HSBC InvestDirect Securities (India) Limited (“HISL”), its associate and group companies, its directors, associates and employees may have various positions in any of the stocks, securities and financial. Instruments dealt in this document or may make sale or purchase or other deals in the securities from time to time or may deal in other securities of the companies / organizations described in this document.

Certification
The views and opinions expressed by the author in the document are his own and do not reflect the views of HSBC InvestDirect Securities (India) Limited or any of its associate and group companies.

Disclaimer Clause
The above is for customer information only and does not constitute investment advice or an offer to purchase or subscribe for any investment. This document is not directed to or intended for display, downloading, printing, reproducing or for distribution to or use by any person or entity who is a citizen or resident or located in any locality, state, country or other jurisdiction where such distribution, publication, reproduction, availability or use would be contrary to law or regulation or would subject HSBC InvestDirect Securities (India) Limited (HISL) or its associates or group companies to any registration or licensing requirement within such jurisdiction. If this document is inadvertently sent or has reached any individual in such country, the same may be ignored and brought to the attention of the sender. This document may not be reproduced, distributed or published for any purpose without prior written approval of HISL. This document is not intended to provide legal, accounting or tax advice and should not be relied upon in that regard. Persons accessing this document are advised to obtain appropriate legal, accounting or tax advice where necessary. Financial advice provided has not been prepared taking into account the particular investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any particular investor. As a result, investors using the advice should assess whether it is appropriate in the light of their own individual circumstances before acting on it. * Formerly known as IL&FS Investsmart Securities Limited

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