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R E L OA D E R 'S
M A N U A LX I
A L CA N CO MP A NY I NCO RP O RA T E D. A LT O N . I L L .
ForTheReloader
Handbook
lnformative
mHE RELOADING INFORMATION contained in
I this manual has been carefully and scientifically
compiled for your use. It is the result of ALCAN'S
years of research in the field of ballistics using the most
advanced precision equipment and assures top perform-
ance and uniformity in every reload. We urge that you
follow these recommendations to the letter, both for
superior shooting perfonnance as well as for your own
safety and protection. If you have reloading problems
not covered herewith, our technical staff, using ALCAN'S
research facilities will gladly lend assistance.

AddressYour lnquirtesfo;

AL GA N Go mP d n Y, l nc.
Seminory Rood A l ton , lllinois

frt,,//

Page
Number

"MAX-FIRE" CenterFireRifleand PistolPrimers. '" " '1


"2 2 0 M A X - F IR E S "h o tsh ePl lri me rs. """2
M i s c e l l a n e oPuri s me rs..... """"3
EmptyShotShellTubes. " " " '4
"A L C ANP O WD E R S " ...... ........" 5
"F L I T E - M A Wa X " d s. """""6
"KWfK-SERT" andWadAvailability Chart " " ' "7
"AIR-WEDGE" and "PGS"ShotShellWads. " " " " "8
, , C O M B O . WA"DF"E, L T A N .B L U E S TREAK", ALCAN"B" and"NITRO"W ads. ........9
L o a d eAm d mu n i ti o n ..... " " " " '10
ALCAN L o a de S d h o tg uS n h e l l s. " " " " 11
Ba l l i s t iTc i p so n R e l o a d i nSgh o tg uS
n hells. '12 & 13
1.0Common Causes of Unsatisfactory Reloads. ' " " ' 14 & 15
A L C AN C h a rgT e a b l e s. ...1 6thr ough 21

'ffi; Copyright@1966 ALCANCOMPANY,Inc.


An*a6
2,rrlp,t/ %furr,r'*
f\r
o SMAITRIFTE
o TARGERIFTE
o SMAtr PtSTOt
o IARGEPISTOL

.Mtu;
,-.ar(o' j
QUALITY: The ALCAN ,,MAx-FrRE" rifle
and pistol primers were developed and
produced primarily for reloading. Years of engineering and scientific
research went into developing the newest and most
modern primer production machinery and prirning
mixtures for the "MAX-FIRE" rifle and pistol primers.

WITH CORRECT
HANDTING
AND SEATINGOF
PRIMER,
MISFIRES
BECOMEA THINGOFTHEPAST!

PERFORMAN CE : Under controlted.laboratory tests


we have found less extreme variation in velocity and breech pressures
from cartridge to cartridge when using "MAX-FIRE"
primers. The ability of the "MAX-FIRE" priming mixtures
to uniformly and thoroughly ignit€ either reduced or maximum
volume powder charges is one of the most
imporbant features of these primers.
DESIGNED FOB RELOADING:
. ALCAN PAPER SHELLS ' REMINGTON PLASTIC
,UA
. WESTERN-WINCHESTER ' FEDERAL
. REVELATION ' J' C' HIGGINS and others'
. NON-EROSIVE
. NON-GoRROSI\'E
. NON- MERCURIC

L ^"-
W.errnlh,
Y a U 7r*rr*%
7
.- -{
-l--"..
t--

g f, /
i I o $,1*T:TJ,il
;"?H"3:1"::Il1l3I,n
r*i1",,
I for a' Iarger ambunt of our lgnger burning pnmlng- 91T-
nound. fhis exclusiveformulation assurescomplerc
;#;;";;; o?-irt" g"""ration of a greater
creates
amount
maximum
rgm-
of hot
powder
;t;;;;;; and flime that
ig"iiit";;"" under maximum powder confinement'

SUPERIORSENSITIVITY
to maintain
\\e 220"MAX-FIRE" primeris designed
"*-,a.fi::r,:fr;^ ;;;ti;; the lower
sensitivity to firing pin blows, even on
barrel of over and under shotguns'

CORRECT BATTERY CUP FLANGES


The flangeon the 220"MAX-FIRE" primeris designed
;;;-iil.lt l"-trigttuv belowflush' This eliminatesthe
'Oe
'trltF'
|d'
dffififfiirt" e"i"g nlt-9.'n9ta raised.totg" eachtime
toul";figt", double ot b/u shotgunis closed'

SEE F O R Y O U R S E L F.. . COVERED FLASH HOLE


MAKE THESE TESTS! prevent
reloadthemfor thelifeof.thecase
Takeemptycases,
A snecial foil paper is applied to the flash hole to
(A.) Uniformity;
including
thatallreloads' ihe flash hole and also acts as a
friherandnotice
i,riigirt. zio'ilrax-Fire. loading'
;;;J;i";*^entering
to thefirst moisture-proof barrier.
the lastfiring,areequalrn qualityanduniformity r .l
(8.) VisualandSoundLevel:Taketwofiredshells'primeonewith a
)idnir*iiiii,,o itreottrer
these
Place
withanycompetitive.primer.
ofthe
'ol'-
P lgnill'on
owden
P erlecl
;ffiil;ti;;;.t in voutfavoriteshotgun'Holdthemuzzle
ruiii' I J.tr areaandflrebothprimers
ii'r'iio illl:riti,
iouoer-anJ
lt. i. tt'. gas
laiger volume,
*irr giveofia gt..i dtil more
sounds
visual
Note
in rapidsuccession' that
considerablv
gasandignition tri^tt'ttt
tromthe endof the barrel'
particles

qF
Mm ,
@@D FOR D
ALCAN
P R I M ER C U P S ffi@zaLHr@R@HffiS BER D AN
PC209 and PC57 primer cupe for RIFLE AND PIST OT
re-aesembly of the battery cup
t y pe s h o t e h e l l p r i m e r s . T h e e e
primer cups have the outstanding
feature of a shaped and pressed
t r @ @ teffir BERDAN Pistol Primer
No. 175PB - Dia. .L75,'
BERDAN Rifle Primer
priming charge which assures the GF4WINGED GI(IF,GIIF,GIzF No. 175RB - Dia. 175,
reloader of a properly aligned an-
vrt ancl guarantees correct sensi_ MUSKET
CAPS PERCUSSION CAPS BERDAN Rifle Primer
tivity of the re-assembled batterv This cap fts all the old Spring- No. 2108 - Dia. .21O"
G10F PERCUSSION CAP iB
cup primer. The cups have lac- field ritre, Musket gune aud for nipple .159, to .164, di- BERDAN Rifle Primer
quer over the priming compound otber gum of an earlier day. ameter.
GllF PERCUSSION CAP ig N o. 217E }- D i a. .2L7t
to keep them moieture proof until With the wide-spread intcret for nipple .165' to .169/ di-
loaded. The PC209 hae a diameter which has ben revived in amet€r. BERDAN Rifle Primer
of.212 inches and are for use in ahoting mwket loadem and G12F PERCUSSION CAP ig No. 2508 - Dia. .25O,1
other grm of this type, this for nipple .L7Oi to .L74" di-
Western or Federal type battery amerer. No. 1794 Express Rifle
cups, PC57 primer cups are .1857/ Cap ie greatly in demand by Masure nipple at poirt be- BERDAN - Dia. .254,,
in diameter and are for re-assemb- the old gun buffs. twgD tlito and X " from end.
ly of the 57 Remington and peters
battery cup type primer. Any type
of powder may be used with thele
cups.

Table can be followed using any powder

@@@ 6458
BERDAN F @@
listed. Body diameter .300".

5.45 PRIMER
Fits ALCAN 32 gauge and 410 gauge
Thie designed for repriming the ALCAN type 6,45P PRIMER Red Dog shells. Designed for uee with
AL-8 or 2400 Rifle powder in these sub-
solid -primer
brasg shotshell. For best results use with Super-M. Fits 12, 14,16,20,24and28 gauge cheap gauges. Body diameter .249".
Acapnia, Nike, DuPont Bulk Smokelees or Black n-owder. types of European paper shotshells. In 12
Body diameter .254'. This is a new type Non-Mercuric gauge, functions beet with BuIk Smoke-
Primer which will not damage brass cases. Never use lees, Super-M or black powder. We do 4,45 PRIMER
Mercuric Primers as your brass shells will become hard not recommend this primer for use with
and split destroying their ueeful life. F i ts s pec i al l y m ade od d e i z e s ma l l
AL-s, AL-?, AL-8, Red Dot, DuPontPB. gauge European shot shells. Body diam-
etc., in 12 gauge. In other gauges,Charge eter .2O3".

lMrlt zOgF and


G 57F PRIM E R S
WW209F and G57F "SUR-FIRE" shotshell
primers have a covered flash hole for iden-
tification and moisture proofing. WW209F
size for use in ALCAN paper shells, Western-
Winchester, Federal, Revelation, J. C. Higgins,
etc. G57F size for use in Remincton-Peters
paper shells.
EMPTY
IUBE
sHoIsHEtt andworkmanship
Thefinestmaterials, ::"
maximum numDer ffiil:Of?""rOtili"flt
Sft"U t"G" to give the
trap shooter or hunter'

HIGG
HH BRASS
E lF t l+ u -o T- v " M
I YYt "P 'v' - 4'
AL CA N HI
snon tttignum Loads,
For High i"tiiti-"ii
L tlk blTi:Sg i[1]tff:
rhesenormaltvpe-pape-r-
i.tffi ;"'e H*T3ii"*
"UiH:li5IJ;:t;'s*
':#W^ri ;t"i#;;C,F,::lg:pj :*:r,f
i#il'# Siligtr',p"r""*"lg:'#^*:
[Kbfit61t ;{ :1,l}: :?:,Y":k
;nJ*;"-il;-
;"T#,''Y#:"fi
$"ffi m"r#r;n*
:il$;"iil*g;"1"'-l"f
ottfJ. n*Ptv PRIMED or
SHELLS
LOW BRASS TYPe L-4 pu"k"d 100 Per box'
For Skeet'TraP ana
Light Hunting Loads
is Eimilar
EM PTY PRI M ED S H E L L S
Thie shell, extra stro-n-g'
the AICAN tvPe -in
Y-{
T YPE CM
J"ilt"""iiir.to
'f,i
:il:i"1"'tr'.'T"hlt*i'ili"H,f t' -Ptri#ii Exffi l#-'ff ",r=' #fl 'fl'$!ffi'{
steel
trap, skeet and ugnt- hunting-loads' Special r'u"aTJi'ii"-ia" [utt *ua' double
"*t,t reinforced in 10 gauge'
$#"atf;""i'm*"J#;ii$*1ilsil
SHnitS Packed 1oo Per box' 10 gauge- 3%'lenglh,' tYPe
CM box 100

I
Berdan
Type
t-n'\y SOLID
Ni\ BRASS
\
G5 7 F SH EL L
\
Ma g n u m The normal tYPe brass shell
Type \.. f.;-; witn tfre regular shot
S OL ID
BRASS
$r "ir"rio+rs
[u"l""t"tt"
s;it,
Berdan Primer' For
load with DuPont
ett"t Powder, SuPer-
-fvf
o" Nif." in !2, L4 and 16
SHELL gt"g". n"a Dot worksY:ll
gauge. In 28-gauge'
-ni-i za, well.
Vo-i,
410
in 410
And in
AL.1 *ot[" well. And
N OTE : gu-"g" tfi" 64-58 Primer will
U s e onl Y ALC AN N on- ieniie zloo for a good %
Mercuric Primers in sollo
brassshellsto Plolongthe|r
ounceload. Available in gauges
life, Melcuric Plimels wlll li. ia, 20, 24, 28,-and 410
cause blass cases to be- iiuee.'z%" in length, excePt
comehard andto split' ?.^i?o *ni"h is 2 '' Packed
io to- a box' When
"tt"U" wads sPecif-
ora"tittg Y "For
J"uJu.i"" shells" and sPecifY
gauge.

and specifY gauge.

4
ALCAN AL.s ALCAN AL.7 ALCAN AL.8 ALCAN At.12O
A dense progreesive burning A dense, very progressive This is a coarse grain powder Powder is grey flecked, Perfo-
shotgun powder that will pro- burning powder for magrrum intended for use in heavy loads rated, hard grains, especiallY
duce maximum velocity in loads of h,igh velocity using only. designed for trap and feld
heavy loads. heavy shot charges. loads.

Po*dere AI'6, AJr7, AIo8, and AI-12O arc the only Refer to charge tobl'es on pages 16 to 21 for loading
shotshell powders available that unrc deueloped solely for rmmmendations.
rclnad.ing.

CflnA
S MOK E LE S S

POWDERS

Half PoundTins
ALCAN AL.s 3 PoundKegs
6 PoundKegs
15 PoundMetalKegs
Half PoundTins
ALCAN AL.7 3 PoundKegs
6 PoundKegs
15 PoundMetalKegs

H al f P ound Ti ns
3 P ound K egs
ALCAN AL.8 6 P ound K egs
15 P ound Metal K egs

H al f P ound Ti ns
472 P ound K egs
ALCAN AL-12O 12 P ound Metal K egs
24 P ound Metal K egs
ollite-ilax:
SING L E .U N IT WA D C OL U M N
ToUos!
onilneadU
Ctnr,pInIB
SHOT COMPLETELYENCASED
bv uniquemethodof makinq sleeve,
-ll-- -llt efiminatingopenslotsthat aTlowshot
to rub barrel.

Wad
''FELTAN.BLUESTREAK"
fibre wad insideplasticreducesrecoil
olus improvingpatternsthrougnmlnl'
=
inized shot deloimation.
-i*

:-:,=.\
_ -_ _ j :
.- r
- -
-:

Famous"AIR'WEDGE"WAD
;;;lo; on forwardPortiPn all
assures
lovi
i'n"tii?in[ es
ntag of this wad'
I
I
I
a

Designed
scientifically BallisticPerformance
ForMaximum
single
tot FLITE'MAX powdercharges
WARNING: Do not exceedrecommended "l9Yl which
ir," ILCANCOMpAnY u..r." unyliabilitvfor damages
unitwad "Jnnoi the FLITE-MAX wads'
f rom improperuseof thesechargetablesor
"orrtlln.
mayresult

FLITE-MAX NO. 1
flbre wad
Corttains a 1/4" FELTAN'BLUESTREAK
q NO. 2

-thtB"ttnx.
SA* lll FLITE-MAX tibre wad
tNRl.$S' A r
..os--q\f
IAN' ,- E - 'U N
^ S a Contains a 5116" FELTAN'BLUESTREAK
E

WI
\\ 5 FLITE-MAX NO. 3
fibre wad
Contains a 3/8" FELTAN'BLUESTREAK
=
a FLITE-MAX NO. 4
fibre wad
Contains a 1/2" FELTAN-BLUESTREAK

Wil s
a
q
o
FLITE-MAX NO. 5
fibre wad
Contains a 5/8" FELTAN'BLUESTREAK

FLITE.MAX NO. E
Plastic portion onlY
i-23au3.o:!
PACKEDlN GARTONSOF 250-ettl!!l"j-

i
*1
t$il*
SHOT STRIP
POLYETHYLENE
-sE/n Pofdt No. 3,19O,22O

This shot protector strip is designedfor easyquick


rilt(-snT
STRIP
PROTECTOR insertion into your shell. After you have placed
the nemsary wadsin the wad guidethe "KWIK-
ruilil-$rrsmffloflh. SERT" protector strip is placed on top of the
iln.wEDGE t rro wads. With one stroke of the lever the wads are
FINGER
seated and the shot protector sleeveis properly
inserted. "KWIK-SERT" Shot Strips are avail-
I MP O R T AN T ! ablein L0, L2,16 and 20 gauges.
When using the "KWIKSERT"
Shot Protector Strip reduce the
recomnended wad columu height
by approxinately 17{6
inc}l'. FULLSHOTPROIECI'ON- s'DESAND BOTTOM!
A L C A N P L A S TIC
AIR-vltEq""s.F,
12 G AUG E O VER PO W DER WA D
TI{E PLASTIC AIR-WEDGE over powdef wad is designed to
obtain the maximum in shell uniformity of reloads''rOgardless of the
reloader, including the use of once fired
variables that face the
have been fired many times' The initial
tubes as well as tubes that
of the wad at its base improves uniformity of powder
""parr"ionand takes place regardless of the actual wad pressure that
ignition
or the condition of
is applied to the powder dtttittg the loading
the fired tube.
cRoss
SECTION
OF AL CAN' S UNIOUE
AIR.WEDGE
PLASTIC '' DISPENSE.A-VIIAD"
WAD
WAD CARTON
By tearing off a Perf-orated st4tn

I on the front Panel ancl mat<rrrg


a simPle fold at the sides,
ALCAN'S Wad Cartons
become handY wad disPensers'

AIR-WEDGE,
PGS. FELTAN-
BLUESTREAK,

n@
COMBO-WAD
and NITRO-
CARD wads
are oackedin the
..DiSPENSE-A-
WAD" carton.

ALCAN GasSeal
Plastic
OVER POWDERWAD
has proven
An economical plastic type over powder wad which
to be a great deal uffi"i""t than the over powder card wad' The
Alcan plastic "PGS" -or" wad is available in the correct diameter for
also the correct
\O,L2,16 and 20 gauge shells. The 10 gauge "PGS" is
other plastic
diameter for the L2 gauge solid brass shells' Check
wad is more
OF PGSWAD
CROSS.SECTION wads and you will ntta Uv comparison that the "PGS"
reliable and functions better ballistically'
Qfu-w' A C OMB IN A T IONOF
FEL T AN - B L U ES T R E A Ka n d A IR -WEDGE W ADS
Actually 2 wads in 1 - an assembly of the two fo4emost wads in
the field - ALCAN AIR-WEDGE and FELTAN BLUESTREAK.
The result - a one-piece wad that assures undorm reloads, reduced
recoil, full velocity, correct barrel lubrication"hnd improved powder
burning - all this with one less operation for the reloader! 12
GAUGE ONLY powder char.ge should be reduced 7 to 1"O%wilh
WAD COL UM N HE IGH T
oteltan-Bluestre
COMBO-WAD.

ak':
N 0.560
A /} Y& % " F.B .S
N 0.620
A /l V& % o' F.B .S
I
I
l N, o.685
N. o.8l
A i 4t&t l%" F. B. S.
0 /W& %" F. B. S.
A
F.B.S.-FELTAN.BLUESTREAK
A/W.AIR-WEDGE
"Rt NG-WAXED6:SHOTSHELL WADS
A specially formulated material easily identified by the blue color
on one side. Conect resilience cushions the initial explosion reducing E<q
shot distortion. ./ .:o
"FELTAN-BLUESTREAK" Wads are "RING-WAXED" for *.i-? €o
correct banel lubrication and to prevent barrel fouling. They are
die cut to correct diameter in each gauge and are ground to perfect
thickness of rZ ", Yta", "A " anrd)4 ".
PROVIDES
PROPER ACTION
SCRUBBING
The "FELTAN-BLIIESTREAK" Wad is die cut to correct di-
ameter thus enabling the millions of fibres, which are presented at
right angles to the bore, to perform proper scrubbing action pre-
venting accumulation of barrel lead. Molded wads of soft, non-
scrubbing fibres or cork products do not give sufficient scrub action,
thus allowing a slow build-up of lead with resulting pattern loss.
This scrub action of the 'FELTAN-BLUESTREAK" is doubly
imporbant when using a plastic over-powder wad, because plastic
has a total lack of scrub action, placing the entire
problem of maintaining excellent pattern percent-
ages through barrel lead control on the filler wad.

Alcan "B" Alcan "Nitro"


OVERS HO T OVERP OWD ER
WADS
WADS A LC A N .070", .135" and .200"
The ALCAN "B" overshot over po*'der s'ads are cut from
wad is made of high quality a speci al A LCA N N ITR O
card so that it may be eaeily CARD rvith the necessary te-
imprinted. It is cut from thin nacity to seal off the powder
stock making it exceedingly gases and yet not hard enough
light eo that it will not distort to increase pressures or be
the pattern or increase the dangerous. ALCAN NITRO
breech pressure. The printed *'ads contain NO IMPURI-
"B" wads are available in 10 TIES that can be abrasive to
gauge, for solid brass 12 Eauge the barrel of the shotgun nor
shells, 12, 16 and 20 gauges compounds that will cause de-
and are printed with the Nos. terioration of the powder in the
2 ,4 ,5 ,6 ,7 ,7 %,8 or 9 of your loaded shell. "Nitro" lubri-
ch o ice . Sp e cify gauge and cated wads are available in all
printed number deeired. thicknesseg but for 12 Gauge
only.
9mm RIMFIRE SHOT S HELLS 6mm (22 Galiberl
gMM RIMFIRE SHOT SHELIS - Special quality all brass nickel RIM F IRE CRIM PED B LA N K S
;i"t"d *itrr aouble shot charge, non-mercuric, non-co-trosive priming
;;;;;;I"* ""." po*a"t. Very excilient pack with special boxestrolding These blanks are designed as noise makers and
-"ll can be used in 22 Calibet Starter Pistols and
;tt-"huft. T]," b"ur" sh6U construciion allows oversize wad! to be
;[;Th the reeult that you will be amazndat the pattern and shooting toy pistols. Non-mercuric and non-corrosive.
ability of this little shell. No. 10 shot, onlv size'

.45 Caliber
SM O KELESS PO WD E R
Not For
.45 A.C.P.or A.C.P.RIM
BLANKS
.45 Caliber Plastic Long Colt blank car'
tridses. Non-Fouling. Noise level of reg-
ular-t2-gauge Ioaded shot-shell. Ideal for
.45 Caliber Long COLT dog training and field trial use.
SHOT CARTRI DG ES PACKED 50 CARTRIDGES TO THE
BOX.
Loaded with No. 9 shot. Designed and de-
veloped for use in revolvers. Widely used
by fishermen and campers. NOT RE-
LOADABLE.
PACKED 50 CARTRIDGES TO THE
BOX.

.45 Caliber
BLACK POWDER
BLANKS
S H O T GUN A high incident noise level .45 Caliber
ADAPTERS Plastic Long Colt blank cartridge' com-
parable to lO-gauge blank shotshells.
Enables you to use these new
Excellent for starting guns and l0-gauge
.45 COLT plastic cartridges in
starting cannon.
vour present shotgun. Avail-
itt L0- L2- 16 and 20 PACKED 50 CARTRIDGESTO THE
"Ut"
gauges. Made of brass. BOX.

:
iro
IEr
RI
H
FOLDCRltvtP_
l{o blownDattorns. T H E S H E LL \^/ITH
CHITLEDSHOT
andhardforporfect
Round pattorns. brrtfr-lar
Qnliltnp
FELTAN.BLUESTREAK ALCAN loaded shotgun shells contain
Diocut fibro wadfor correctcush- such recogrrized quality components as the
ion, barol lubrication
and barf€l "Feltan-Bluestreak" and "Air-Wedge"
scrubbing, over powder wads. Finest quality smoke-
less powder is ignited by non-corrosive,
AIR.WEDGE
PTASTIC non-mercuric ALCAN 220 "Max-Fire"
Thoprovonandperfsctoverpowdor primers.
wadfor ballistica
supsriority.
- ALCAN shells are loaded on automatic
loading machines which insure uniformity
220 MAX-FIRE
of load and peak performance. Fully waxed
Sizs209br€miumprim€rassures
uniformitytrom 3hot to shot with American tube paper plus the extremely
maximumsoBitivityto firing pin strong head construction give this shell
blow.l{on-Morcuric,
Non-Corro3iyo. excellent reloading characteristics,

TRAPMAXo GAMEMAX.
Loadedin the four popularTrap loadsfor 16 yards, A huntingloadfor doves,quail,rabbits,squirrel,etc.
doublesand ha n d i c a p .
Isngth Polvdor
Iongth Powdor Load 0f Equlv. 0unces Shot
Load 0f Equlv. 0uncos Shol l{umbor eaugs Shell Drams Shot Slrg
ilumbor Gaugs Shrll Dlams Shol Slzo
12G6 t2 23/c' 3 I 6 Chitl
l2T7r/zL t2 23/+o 23/c lyB TYzChill 12G8 l2 23/c' 3 1 8 Chitl
12T81 t2 23/q' 23/a ly8 8 Chi i l
12G6A L2 3 IYB
23/+' 6 Chitl
L2T7y2R L2 23/+' 3 Ir/a7r/2Chill l2GTYzA L2 234' 3 IYB TYzCh'tll
T2T8R t2 23/c' 3 LyB 8 Chitl 12G8A t2 23/cu 3 lYg 8 Chitl
SKEETMAXo 12G68 72 23/+' 3r/* lr/+ 6 Chitl
Loaded specifically for skeet shooting. l2cTyzB L2 23/t' 3Yt trA TY2Chill
12G88 T2 23/co 3Y+ IYt 8 Chitl
12G98 t2 23/c' 3Yc L% 9 Chiu
12G6C t2 23/+' 3Va LW 6 Chiil
t2c7yzc t 2 23/cu 3Vq Lr/g TYzChill
ULTRAMAXo
An extra high velocityload for ducks,pheasant,etc.,' 12G8C t2 23/q' 3Y+ LVe 8 Chill
loadedinto a high brassshell. 12G9C t2 23/au 3Yc 1r/g 9 Chill
Iongth Powdor
[oad 0f Equlv. 0uncos Shol
Numbal Gaulr Shell 0rems sh0t Slzo
MAGNAMAXo
12 gauge 23Anshort magnum - maximum velocityshell
t2u2 L2 23/to 33/+ lr/+ 2 Chitl with LYzounces of chilled lead shot.
LzU4 12 23/+' 33/+ lr/t 4 C h irl Longlh Powder
Ioad 0f Equiv. 0 unces Shol
t2u5 t2 23/+o 33/+ Ly4 5 Chitl ilumbor Gauge Shell Drams Slpl Slrc
lzu6 L2 23/qn 33/c lYq 6 Chi l l 125M2 L2 23/au 4 lyz 2 Chilt
L2U7Yz t2 23/+' 33/+ L% TY2Chill l2sM4 t2 23/a' 4 ty? 4 Chill
t2u9 12 23/q' 33/+ lr/t 9 Chi l l 125M6 t2 23/q' 4 l y2 6 Chiil

THE MARK OF QUALITY


7

an entirely difrerent type of time pressure Consult our loading table and select a
curve. With relatively the same height of powder which will do the job at safe
pressure being sustained for a longer time, breech pressures. The safe breech pressure
a greater velocity is imparted to the shot is the most important thing, and the Alcan
and this velocity becomes equal to what charge table assures you perfect reloads.
would be obtained by the use of 3ll drams Never try to use one powder for all shot
of black powder. This might be a good shell reloads. The rifle handloaders have
time to explain why American shells are long had a cabinet full of various types of
still marked in drams equivalent. The po*ders and know very well that the
average American shooter would become same powder will not serve all purposes.
quite confused if he walked into his fav-
orite store and found shells marked Another important tip on shot shell re-
"Loaded with 26 grains PB - 23 grains loading is to be sure the shell head is
properly supported during reprimin-g. All
Red Dot 10 - 30 Grains Red Dot 80 - 28
grains WC520 Ball, etc'" We would have priming of shot shells in the Alcan Ballis-
lic Laboratory is done by seating the
no idea of the velocity of the shells' To
primer with a tool having an inside punch
the credit of the American manufacturers,
they have simplified this problem by ilhich p"err"ttts the shell head from being
marking all shells with drams equivalent' concavLd. This supports the shell head
during priming and assures a well seated
When a box of shells is purchased which prirner.
has been loaded by an American Company
and marked 314 drams equivalent with
1% ounces of shot he can be sure that
regardless of brand name, the shot wil REOUIREM EN TSFOR
have a velocity (average over 120 feet)
of9?5 feet per second with No. 4 shot' 885 SUCCESSF USL H OT
feet per second with No' 8 shot. These
velocities will remain within a small per- SHEL LREL OAD IN G
centage of error regardless of the type or
quantity of powder in the various brands
o? shells with this equivalent marking.
PRIMER
Non-mercuric, non-corrosive and non-
Here is another pitfall of the handloader. erosive primers with lead styphnate prim-
Many a beginner has cut open a L2 gawge, ing compound of special formulation and
3)4 dram load with L)4, ounce of shot and "Extra Heavy" charge weight to gai4
found as much as thirty or more grains of uniform and adequate ignition in fired
a familiar looking powder and proceed on cases are required. This is doubly true
the assumption that it would be alright for where it is impossible to have the same
hirrr to do the same. Powder companies oualitv of crimp that is found on new
manufacture several types of powder factory loaded she[s. Such a crimp is- im-
t^l O THAT the handloader will better which can all look exactly alike. The hand- possibie to achieve on ffred paper shells
!\ understand his shells and the recom- loader should never assume powders are L"""n"" the paper has been burned and
Y mendations in the charge table, we anywhere near the same burning speed damaged from previous firings and thete-
will very lightly scratch the surface of iust because they look alike. A large charge fore t[e replaced crimp on a reloaded shell
internal ballistics in language which we 6f powder from the low burning end of a ofrers very little confinement to the load'
hope even the beginner will understand. po*de" series with !)4 ouncea of shot in Years of experience have proved that
i2 gaoge is OK. The same amount of "Perfectly Normal Factory Pri-qs", sucb
First, and most important, a handloader powder from the fast burning end of the as those used in new factory shells, will
should remember that the total weight or series with 1% ounces of shot in 12 gauge not vield sufficient ignition of the powder
volume of powder placed behind a given would create a very dangerous load. Never charge to impart uniform velocity to the
shot charge is not the governing factor take a gamble on powder. Purchase only shot even wtr-en the shells sound and seem
of the breech pressure that will be gen- factory packed canisters andfollow closely to shoot satisfactorily' Also, we would
erated when the shell is fired. It is primar- the reiohmended charges of both powder sugsest that it is most important for the
ily the burning speed of the powder which and shot. t"i-o-.d"" to use a primer with a covered
d-etermineg this, although crimp, wad flash hole. This covered flash hole prevents
pteasure, primer, number and type-of It is necessary to use powders of different the possibility of powder entering into the
wade, etc. each play a small part' For burning speeds to attain given velocities primer batteiy cup causing a change in
example, the breech presnure of the aver- at safe pressures with difrerent weights of ignition characteristics.
age 282 dram equivalent 12 gauge trap shot charges. When conventional wad col-
load with 1% ounces of shot as loaded by umns are used the powder forathreedram,
Amedcan ammunition companies could one ounce load in a 12 gauge would be SMOKELESSPOWDER
have as much breech pressure or possibly required to burn quickly and cleanly with To achieve satisfactory reloads very spe-
more than the high velocity maximum thil light sho! charge to build the proper cial powders are required since uniform
load. The difrerence being that in the 12 Dressure curve. AL-120 is such a powder. confinement of the powder charge is most
gauge trap load a small weight of smoke-, it would be impossible to take this powder difrcult when using fred tubes that vary
iess-powder is used to give 1% ounces of and load a safe !2 gawge lrZ ounce load in their condition. Even with a good re-
shot the same velocity which would be with high velocity for hunting. AL-5 is loading tool and careful reloading the
imparied to it by 2s/, drams of black the proper powder for this range of loa{s.
powder. This small charge of powder Bv ihe same token, to take a powder like
Lurns at..a very rapid rate giving a high AL-7 which will load the 12 gague mag-
breech pressure for a very short period of num with lrh ounce shot and attempt to
time. The high velocity load containing load a trap load would be just as foolish.
a much greater quantity of powder of a You would have ignition trouble, mwzzte
progtessive burning type will not generate flash, etc. It is advisable to decide on the
rny greater pressure at any point in the velocity desired with the weight of shot
chamber than the trap load, however, the you wish to use, in whatever gauge you
duration of pressure is extended giving are loading.

L2
r

f.!
I
quality and condition of the fired tube will or twice fired case will give variation in gineered and tested to give the shot shell
cause great variation in the percentage velocity and pressure. reloader the finest possible results.
ofapplied wad pressure that flows laterally
and the percentage actually exerted against This same type of extremely light wad,
the powder. Also, the condition of the which properly functions in the factory SHOT
paper tube is of primary importance in load or the once fired case in hot dry Everyone realizes that quality shot is a
determining what percentage of applied weather, when used in a many times fired necessity but very few people understand
wad pressure remains on the powder after case results in extreme variation of ve- why. First, if the lead shot does not con-
the shell is a few hours old. Many a re- locity and pressure with possibly even tain the prescribed amount of alloy ma-
loader has discovered that his shells, bloopers. This is due to the incorrect com- terials it will not be suftciently hard to
loaded Wednesday night and checked for bination of the light wad and soft crimp. maintain good pattern percentages. The
proper size, must be pushed into the gun This poor shell, combining a soft crimp realron the shot must be of a certain hard-
chamber on Sunday. This comes from the and excessively light wads, will often yield ness is due to the fact that it is impossible
weak paper tube allowing the shell to even higher pattern percentages than a to make a wad column soft enough, that
expand laterally which also changes pow- reload having correct ballistics. This would not distort soft shot on explosion
der confinement or load density as it is higher pattern percentage is the result of of the powder charge, without having the
sometimes called. Special shot shell pow- the low velocity and extremely low pres- balistia problem of inability to urdfrcrmly
ders for reloading, such as Alcan powders sure which in time will definitely give the burn the powder charge as explained in
AL-72O, AL-5, AL-? and AL-8, are de- reloader difficulties, the preceding paragraph.
signed to give ease of ignition coupled
with uniform porgressive burning, even It is amazing to look at the unsatisfactory We all know that it is quite easy to obtain
when loaded under varying confinement time-pressure curve generated by a wad very excellent shot patterns by reducing
conditions or load density. column that is not properly designed for velocity even though you are using soft
reloading, as compared to the most satis- shot. The trick of the trade is to have
factory results obtained ballistically by proper ballistics, with shot velocity at the
WADS using wads correctly engineered for proper proper level, for the job desired and yet
The wads may seem a rather insignificant density and weight for reloading, maintain maximum pattern percentages.
item and to the novice reloader it would This requires a carefully controlled shot
appear that any form of wad should func- The wad column must also he properly for hardness.
tion. The perfect wad column should have designed for size, gentle barrel cleaning
the following characteristics; (A), Proper action, and proper lubricant to prevent Many people also consider that a shot
weight, density, and gas sealing charac- barrel leading as well as other fouling de- pattern is excellent only by counting the
teristics to ballistically produce a correct posits from accumulating inside the gun percentage of the pellets within a 30o
time-pressure curve in fired shells. (B), barrel. circle at 40 yards. Naturally, this must be
Ptoper cushioning effect when the shell is done, however, it is only half of the job.
fred to yield correct pattern percentages. It is possible to use a wad column yielding To make this explanation as clear as pos-
(C), Proper material fornulation and lu- perfect results wit}r 75Vo patterns for the sible it is quite easy for a reloader to
brication to prevent barrel leading or first 25 shots that will, however, after mix No. 2, No. 6 gnd No. 9 shot in a 12
fouling. For example, an extremely light 500 rounds leave such a great amount of gauge l% ounce load, using 31 grains of
wad will function most satisfactorily in a fouling in the barrel that pattern percen- AL-5 powder yielding a standard velocity,
new case due to the added powder con- tages will drop to under 5016. It is also and find that a quick check on a piece of
finement gained by a solid crimp, which possible to ruin an expensive gun should pattern paper reveals a tremendous per-
offsets confnement loss from the light you use shot shell wads containing im- centage of these mixed pellet sizes have
wad. Yet, the same wad used in a once purities. landed within the prescribed 30'circle at
Impurities can be in the form of abrasives 40 yards. Yet, if the same shell were shot
in the wad material itself, expecially plas- into water at approximately 40 yards the
tics, being formulated with undesirable reloader would notice that there were
three distinct splashes drawn out over a
IO substances. The resultant explosion of a
rather long time period. Actually, photo-
"primer-smokeless powder" combination
generates heat over 2000 degrees and pres- graphs taken of the shot charge in the
sure over 10,000 pounds per square inch. ballistics range would reveal an extremely
Can you think of a more perfect chemical long shot string. Obviously such a shot
reactor! Now think of using wads lubri- string even though the pattern percentage
cated with a substance (or plastic wads is high, results in a very poor shell. The
containing polyvinyl ctrloride) that leaves lesson taught; pelleLs in a shot charge
a barrel deposit which in turn reacts under must be very uniform in roundness, size,
high heat and pressure to form hydro- and density so all of the pellets have the
chloric acid deposits inside your shotgun opportunity to arrive at the point of im-
barrel. Imagine no more; such products pact within the shortest number of milli-
have been sold to the novice reloader with seconds of each other plus yielding a good
the expected results. pattern percentage. Naturally, this con-
dition results in most desirable a-muni-
The ALCAN "AIR-WEDGE", "FLITE- tion. Alcan "Chilled" lead shot is very
MAX", and "PGS" wads for use over closely checked for hardness, consistency
the powder and the "FELTAN-BLUE- of size and roundness. This shot will give
STREAK" filler wads were designed, en- the reloader the results he is seeking.

13
sigrred for. reloading, will never achieve result in severe barrel leading. The same
a proper ttme-pressrure curve to avoid the staterlent could Fe applied to a csmbina_
danger of bloopers or muzzle flash even if tron ol any plqstlc over powder wad with
the other components used are of the a-secondary fller wad also manufactured
highest quality. The previouslv mentioned o_fplastic or other material such as cork
slightly incorrect combination could con- that cgnnot act with ge-ntlescrubbing ac-
ceivably function durine the summer tlon. .E;ven wads maaufactured of mater_
months in hot dry weather. The reloader ials capable of scrubbing action can ciuse
could experience trouble using preciselv barrel lead if they lacFlateral expansion
the same combination during the frrst coli characteristics. It is, however, sometimes
damp fall days. Lower tendperature will
Common
Causes always affect the igrrition 6ower of the
primer and this already low -power orimer
is further reduced in its abilitv to^ienite
advantageous to use one extremelv light
wad where an unusually long wad dolr,"-a
is required using 3 or 4 wads. In such a
shell, with the AIR-WEDGE plastic over
0f the powder which has now aljo beei af-
fected by dampness. Dampness causes
powder to be more difrcult to isnite and
powder wad, a FELTAN-BLUESTREAK
wad placed thereon, and the balance ofthe
space in the shell filled up with anv tvoe
Unsatisfactory especially so in a fred tube. Mr.Reloader
riow suddenly finds that his Det load.
which functioned fne all summe-r in spite
of light wad material suc,-has cork. e6od
results could be achieved without thJlaa
efrects of banel leadins. However. if vou

Refoads of the fact that it was not recommended.


suddenly turns up giving a few bloopers
or muzzle flashes which he simply carinot
understand. The real trouble- ii traced
fail to use one ffller wad properlv d'eeidred
for adequate barrel lubri-catibn, lateral ex-
pansion characteristics and lisht scrubbine
action, the end result will be barrel leadinel
back to using non-recommended compo- It is very interesting to note that sheilg
nents, which were giving shootable reloids combining, for example, only cork and
.iust within ballintics limits without Mr. plastic wads may givi excellent patterns
Reloader knowing it, and when the slieht and target breaking characteristics for the
1. Blooperor MuzzleFlashes added problem of cold wet weather ca"me first 25 or so roundg fired, yet, the same
Can be caused by one or more of the com- along his pet concoction failed to function. wad column in continued use will result
ponents in your reload being incorrect. If our Mr. Reloader had started out using in so much barrel lead and fouline that at
ftowever, rn many cases the reloader hae the r_ecommendedcomponents, rel the end of a few hundred rou--nds the
-proper
sulting in reloads at the center of ballistics
been getting by with one rather defective pattern percentages will be extremelv poor
component in the reload without realizins balance, he could have continued loadine failing to break even 16 yard targeti.-
it and the moment he adds a second im] exactly the same load throueh the cold
properly designed component the blooper damp weather. His reloads under the cold The use of the Alcan "KWIK-SERT" or
or ratzzle flash occurs. This condition can damp conditions certainly would have "FLITE-MAX" single unit wad column
be. caused by a primer without sufrcieni gone to the low side of br-eech Dreasure. can also be employed to protect the bore
pnplnC com-pound causing poor powder however, his velocity would have rlemaineci qo.4 leq{ing w-hile at th6 same time en-
rgnrtlon or by an designed within specifications and in all wavs his nchrng the pattern.
pnmrng compound that -inco_rrectly
does not generate loads would have remained perfect tb use.
sutncrent gas volume to overcome the Take glnlost any reload put-together with 3. Low PatternPercentages
problem one srngle component not properlv de-
-of powder ignition with uniform signed or recommended and bdd iujt one
This condition is generally brought about
burning in the weak fired tube. This con- from the use ofsoft shot, excessivelv hard
dition can also be caused by either poor nlore small problem and your trou-bleg can
wad column, poor quality of wads,-or er-
qqq[ty filler wads, or rn aome cases ex- become rather large.
cessively high velocity for the type and
cellent quality fller wads of extremelv Another cause for bloopere can be naper size of ehot being used. It can-;l8o be
Iiglt weight,- improperly used under cori- or foreign material in- the primer- hbb caueed by improper selectiqn of the pow-
drtlona of minimum powder confnement acting as an obstruction for the hot gases der type for the load desired which results
due to the weak condition of fired shells. from the primer. Be certain that -vour in a v_ery gharp (qbrupt) time-pressure
It can also be caueed by over powder card loading tool does not malfonn the tase curve. ln other words, pressure that ie not
wads that are too small in diametcr. olastic wads and also check to gee that paoer. too high but which is 1oo quickly sener-
types withou! proper lateral exirinsion grass, etc. is not blocking the primeriniide ated. This abrupt-impact will-resuft in poor
(obturatrng) characteristics or poorly engi_ the ehell. pattems even when using recomnended
neered plastrc wads that generate Dreaaure SUMMARY - In order to obtain uni- wade. Lead fouling, in the barrel, can also
equalization along the side ofthe sirpposed form results in reloading shells it ie nec- be a factor. See preceding paragraph.
gas sealing Jip- that naturally resirlts in es s ar y t h a t e a c h s t e p o f t h e l o a d i n e
p,oryder gas leakage upon explosion of the procedure be as uniform as possible. Ther6 4. ExcessivelyHigh Pattern
snela. should be as little difference in powder Percentages
A)so, trouble can be caused from usine and shot charge weights as poesibli. Care
liller wads that do not have the abilitv t5 ghould !e taken in applying identical pres- This condition indicateg that you are usiu
operate,with the right compression char- eure when seating the wad columir to extremely poor quality non-killing lo*
acteristics, under sudden breech Dressure avoid variation of powder confinement. velocity ammunition. We refer to patterns
regardlese of their weight. It is interestins in excess of 80V". If you have batterns
to note that there ie a correct diameter o? 2. BarrelLead thie high you should reiluce the paltern to
wad for.the type of materiql employed. a level of 75 to 78V" and, take idditional
ThT..i" generally- caused by using poor velocity on the ghod due to the fact that
lr wad.clremete_rts not properly engineered quality wads. Such wads are not pfuplerlv
rn relatron to the material ueed in its man_ the_ energy and canying power of each
designed to a_ccomflish g-assealinf, pioper pellet goes up with the square of the
ufacture, the result will be unsatisfactorv cusruorung, barrel lubrication, plus the
reloads. It is also interestins to note thal velocity. Low velocity will-occur when
gentle ecrubbing action required-to keen using a poor primer that ie not properly
i1 iq quite possible, when-usins- plastic lead deposits to the very minimum. It cair
wads, to obtain pressrure equalization on burning a correct type and weight of
also be caused from using soft lead shot. powder or a correct primer used with a
gnly a few shells out of 6ach hundred shot of incorrect alloy oi shootine shells
loaded while the balance of the ammuni- with too high a velocity for the hirdnesg lVqe ot powder.that fu entirely too slow
tion will be excellent. The appearan"" of rn Durrung speed.
of the shot being used.
euch plaetic wads will be quite sood and Low velocity is also caused by too small
only the diameter and desicn of-the wad. It is also possible to have extreme leadine
of a ehotgun barrel even when usins exl a chllge of.propellent powder: Very poor
in relationship tg the type of plastic used, quality wads caueing an extreme powder
ts rnconect resqlting-in an ihproper reac_ trenely high quality wads that ard im-
properly combined and used without full gas loss can al"o be the cause of trouble
[ron unoer the breech pne8sure. as well ag too soft a wad column caueinc a
consideration of the job to be performed.
The blooper or muzzle flash can also be For example, the use of the hishest possi- quality powder and primer combination
gguseg by the reloader not paying atten- ble quality of over powder waii manufac- to fail tb function pioperlv resultins in
[lon to tne recornmendations as to the tured of plastic, such as theAIR-WEDGE. low velocity and extiem-ely high patte-rns.
lype of powder that should be emploved when combined with the balance of th6 Needless to say, it is wise to approach
tn a particular gauge-behind a given s-hot wad column manufactured of a material
welgnt. ln other words, an extremelV slow solving this problem with extreme &ution
not having a gentle scrubbing action such as you muet be positive of what is causinc
burning powder, or one which is nbt de_ as solid cork or amalgama6d cork will your difrculties before taking any action,

t4
5. Low Recoil It is also qurte easy to raise breech pres- 10. ExtremeVariationof Velocity
sures considerably beyond acceptable lev-
If your recoil ig lower than factory shells
els, that could easily blow up the breech and Recoil.
for the same type of load, one of the
problems that is covered in the preceding of a shotgun, by adding a little too much It is quite possible to use all but one recom-
paragraph ie responsible. Nen'Con's h# shot in front of the normal reco-mended mended component and arive to shoot-
states that "for every action there is an wad, powder, and primer combination. ing reloaded shells that seem to have
With the reconmended weieht and tvpe satisfactory patterns, breech pressures,
equal and oppoeite reaction." Therefore,
if your gun has low recoil against your of powder, correct primer, an? proper i'id ba:rel pressure, recoil, no bloopers, no
shoulder the velocity of your shot charge column, there is only one satiafactory barrel lead, except that Mr. Reloader is
is reduced in exact relationship. weight of shot that will yield a standaril aware of a variation in performance from
and correct time-pressure curve in fired shell to shell.
6. High Barrel Pressure shells. This condition is generally brought about
This can be caused by the reloader who It is obvious at this point that if you add by utilizing recommended components
tries to solve his low velocitv loads bv additional shot, with the other conditions throughout the reload with the exception
stufrlg in more powder withoirt knowin! remaining the same, it would be sufrcient of one single item that is almosf, up f,6
eractly what he is doing. to increase the burning .s,peed.of the pow- quality but not quite. One small change
der causing a rise in the tine-pressure from the recommended combined com-
Let us assume that a hard to isnite powder curve. It should alro be noted t-hat the ponents for reloading and it is quite possi-
not designed for reloading hunting;mmu- percentage of the pressure rise is much ble to achieve a variation in the time-
nition is combined with a primer not de- more rapid than the direct percentaee of pressure curve that will go almost unde-
signed for rclosding. Let us say that the shot weight added which is- in exce& of tected by the novice reloader in spite of
breech pressure on this load is at the low the recommended shot charee. In other the fact that in his box of 25 loads. from
level of 6,000 pounds per square inch. words, on certain occasions Ihe addition which he erpects 3 drams equivalent ve-
Such a low level of preisure iould func- ofonly lO/6 of shot by weight to a siven locity, it would not be unusual to ffnd a
tion without a nluzile flash, however, it load will al-ost double the breech pres- variation from slightly over 2 drams equiv-
would be juet short of this condition.' eure. _If your reloads are giving correct alent velocity to 3%.
The energy of the powder is not beinc breech pressures
pressules ofnot 10,500 pounds
of-not over 10,50O
utilized so Mr. Reloader stuffs in more and you double this, obviously the gun Needless to say, this variation will, in
powder to bring up the velocity of this would blow up! time, be apparent to the reloader eince it
obviously low pressure shell. He makes will afect the performance of his reloads
To state this in another way; as much as for killing game or breaking targets,
satisfactory progress and raises the pres- )4 of an ounce of shot added to a 12 sauge
eures to 8,000 or 9,000 pounds. Thines load above recomnendations when -usiie
look fine at this point but [et'e take a cloie a fast burning trap load powder coulil
look. Certainly the breech of his shotcun result in increasing from normal breech
Remember: The resultsobtained
will take the 8,000 or 9,000 poundt of presaures to dangerous pressure levels. All fromreloaded ammunitionreflects
pressurc since it is designed to function shotguns are tested with one single -it proof the carethat was usedin assem-
with factory loads that operate usually
between 8,000 pounds and 10,500 poundi.
shell and if it does not blow up is blingthem.
satisfactory for sale.
Now why is Mr. Reloader not uging a safe
shell? The extremely slow powdeiin too 8. High Recoil ALCAN ballistic service ie available
great a quantity is caJrying the pressure. ln 997o of the cases of high recoil it is to the reloader. We require the following
forward of the thick steel in thb breech only the result oftoo much breech pressure information be submitted with anv groun
area, down the banrel to a point that the or too much barrel pressure or a combina- of shells for tests: (a) Number an?t -mak-e
pressure level that was quite eatisfactorv of primer; (b) The name or number of
tion of both. This-requires lookinc into
for the breech of the gun has now movei imnsdigfgly, High recoil can also be een- powder; (c) The charge weight of the
to a point where the barrel is thin. There erated by using an excessively hard wad powder in grains; (d) The number, type
is now danger of blowinc up the shotcun
-from colut_nn, however, this condition ie usually and location and pounds of pressure ap-
at 6' or so the brCch.- not dangerous. plied in seating and the braird name -of
wade; (e) The weight and size of shot.
7. HighBreechPressure 9. Low BreechPressureand Send six shells that are packed carefully
This can be generated from eeveral sourcea Barrel PressureCombined and ship via Railway Erpress prepaid. We
and to name a few is to use hard, or other- will fire five of these ehells to obtain ve-
wise not reco--ended, wads behind a This can be caused by having ingufrcient locity and pressures and the sixth shell
weight of powder and shot that is r€com- energy imparted to the ehot bharge. Thig wiU be broken down in our laboratory for
mended. It can aho be caueed by eelectinc can be cause4 by using the qnong type of eramination before starting the actual
the wrong type of powder that iB too fael powder or priner that does not completely ballistic test.
bunring for the job at hand and we sugcest burn the propellant in the barrel rbsard-
less of the quantity of propellent usd. It A ballistics report will be mailed to you
that you read in this manual, on thig pice. and we will give the actual feet per second
a detailed erample of how one relabder. can 4loo come from an insuftcient charse
weight of a correct type powder. of velocity and the breech preseure and
with apparent logic, was able to blow uti give any commentg we deem necessar5r to
a gun by using a quality and well known help you. The total charge for the test
pow_der which was the wrong one for his CAUTION:Do not experiment- and writing the report, as outlined above,
need. Userecommendedchargetables. is $5.00 per each group ofsir shells.

H OW T O GET IN TROUBLE RELOADING


Let's take Joe, who found a simple way to cook up hie 6trr 1o"4. This true gtory, except for the fact that to save him embarrassment
Joe'e thinking: 21 erainE of Red Dot wifh l% ounceg of shot is cor- our reloader's name waa not really Joe, turned out witb a rather
rect for L2 gauge,18 gairs with 1 ounce of shot ir correct for 16 happy ending eince Joe was not hurt. Perhape we abould aay Joe was
gauge, and 16 grains with % ounce ofshot ig correct for 20 gauge. It not physically hurt, however, his pocket booh and feelings were burt
therefore appears logical that about a 12% reduction in both ghot through the loss ofhie favorite 410 gauge gun. Tbe barrel and breech
charge and powder charge for each of the uext emaller gaugee would both blew up with a good part of the banel nieging, top side, for
seem correct. Therefore, it would reem a good 28 gauge load should about six incheE.
be at12% reduction from 20 gauge or 14 grairs of Red Dot wilh % Now let'g back up and take a good look at Joe's 28 gauge load which
ounce ofstrot. He further ers,rmsd a good load in 410 gauge ehould he asaumed was eafe nring 14 greins of Red Dot with ./t ounce of
be al2Vo reductionfron the 28 gauge loador l2)4 graias of Red Dot shot. ThiE load under actual bqllicticg teat reaults in appro-inately
with % ounce of shot. NOT TRttE - TbiB load, of L2Li grains of 20,000 pounds per square iuch of breech preasure. Factory proof
Red Dot with )C ounce ofghot in 410 gauge actually blew up the gun pressure level for 28 gauge guns ie about 18,5OOP.S.I. Joe's areunp-
for our unaurpecting friend Joe. All 41O gauge shotguns are proof tion of a good safe 28 gauge load would also very likely have
tcsted at approrimately 20,fi)O pounds per square inch. Joe's esti- blown up the shotguu.
mate, which seerned a rather logical aeeumption, of a good 41O This little "A, B, C" 6f 1sl66ding is proof that while a man ehould
gauge load delivered 36,0(X) P.S.I. think for himself he ehould uot deviate frnom recommended loadg.

15
7

Elecause of the great number and types of shells available at t\e present time, it is not practical
possible wad column sombinations. The wad columns list€d in thir charge i"Ui" to iist all the
L"-for Alcan and all low inside
base shells. To find the correct wad column he-isht for high inside base rtr8tt", li i.
to reduce wad. column
heights approximately /+o to 8/6" from wad columns ustea in this charge i;b[. """"-*v
TO DETERMINETHE EL4_CIW4D qOLUMN, LOADA SHELLAND BEFORECRtMptNG, MEASURE
AMOUNT OF SHELL
ABOVETHE SHOT. lT SHOULD MEASUREABOUT y2n FOR BEST CRIMP nrSUr-rS ijl.ilapen
7/re" sHELLs AND FROM
Yd:uTO ON PLASTIC SHEILS.
The following is a classification of the more courmon types of shells which are available
to the reloader:
Low Inside Base lnside Base
12 GAUGE Alcan, Federal, J. C, Higeins, Red Head, Revela- (pape1), Remington-Peters
tion (p_aper),Super-X* & Super Speed*, Western 4p"$ 9.Rqgse-r
prasErc(prastrc base wad)
AAt, Remington Express & Shur Shot (plastic)
16 GAUGE Federal, J. C. Higgins, Red Head, Revelation & Ranger (paper), Remington-Peters
(paper, Super-X* & Su_per Speed*, Remington
Exireds S Shur-Sbgt fpt^aslicj-- ft:*rt
20 GAUGE Federal, {. C. Lliggins, Red Head, Revelation E5n9.rt 9. Ra.ng_er(papg{), Remington-peters
-' Remingtonprastrc
f#"""* 8"gfi-"I;* ?S:1''qo*u (phstrc base wad)

10, 28 and .410 gauge: Use wad columns as showrr.


on loading new unfired cases reduce powder charge bv l57o for the fir6t time. Also
be careful not to damage case
on crimping.
xcAUTfON: We recommend
a 10/6 reduction in powder charge when using plastic cases which have tapered
wa11s!
These wad column recommendations are-approximate. Several ractors may cause
- apparent discrepancies
in these recommendations. These include:
1. How often the shell has been loaded. b. Different densities of various shot sizes.
2. Base wad height (manufacturer,s tolerance). 6. Depth of crimp prefened by the individual.
3. Wad variation (manufacturer's tolerance). 7. Wad pre{,sure applied in loading.
4. Density of different lots of powder.
WAD PRESSURE-JUST HOW IMPORTANT IS IT?
This is a subject that causes a great deal of conoern among many shooters.
with the superior primers and highly
efficient nfastic o-ver powder wads that are available tgaa-V, is not nearly as critical as in the past. The
i';G-t*"IIg
major factor in the ignition qualities and uniformity of reio"ded siot"rt"u"
i" lG firm, hard crimp, properly
applied, will supply the necessary confinemen! tg'lhe po*ae" rg" at the *o*"rit"tdirr-a of ignition. For all practical
a.
purposes' no difference will be found between shells loadid with "tt
.: wadi seat d ;;h p"u.r,r* and wads seated with
19 "".P Pog1ds-providins thp crimp -Arn-wpocno qJq qdeqqa@ and uniform i" t"th"o lieus. This is to the credit of
the Alcan 220 MAx-FrpB@ prinier, "pP&a!ig"x aia FLrrErA,IAx@;;d.,';il"h weredevelopedfor the
reloader, that these conditions now exist.
In many cases, the wad pressure applied can be t\e-governing factor in
the condition of the crimp on the finished
shell'
lrrcegsive wad-pressure often compresses the fltJt waas t"o a point where most of tn" ,.cushioning,, effect of the
wad column is lost' When a recommended wad column is trti" poi"t, il *tx allow more free space for
the crimping operation.after the shot charge is placed itt irr" "o*ptp"gto
Jr,"u. Thi" rill;.gJ; ir, poo" crimp, generally with
an open spot in the center. "
Powder manufacturers recommendatioru should be used with their powders.
Ttre above statements deal primarily
with Alcan components.
Remember: The results obtained from reloaded ammunition reftects
the care that was used in assembling them.
Elecause of the limited volume of some types of shells, a few of
the loads listed in this charge table cannot be
loaded in certain shells. Consider . *iri*.ril- *.d column ru oru consisting of a .l3b ,, nitro * y+ o FBS,AIR-WEDGE
* Ye,oFBS, or PGS + %, FBS.
All charge tables in this manual were developed using Ncan
"220 Max-Fire" primers and Alcan wads. The Alcan
Company, rnc', cannot assums an-y liability €" a"-ugl *rti"rt
q3v resurt from improper use of these charge tables.
Magnum loads should designed-for til;. B; sure to check the powder charge with a quality
!e 15d.onl-v i"-s-"6
powder scale before beginning to load. Neve" use-a bulk p".a""
*u"",ro ror powa&ii"t"a i' these tables.
Whenever any other type-of component combination is substituted,
we recommend, a Lo76 reduction in powder
charge shown in this taute..onrywhen qlraliffea u"ui"ti"-Gt.-indicate thg;b"til"t" component is safe under
the individual's loading conditions ana dhniqo"" .rt"rrta tn"lriu"titotion be made. The tests should- be conducted
with accurate pressure and velocity measuring-equipment.
NorE: Aw - Alcan "ArR-w-EDqE'l over powder wad FBS
PGS - Alcan Plastic Gas seal o""; ;;;d;; '.fr6',- Alcan "FELTAN-BLUESTREAK,,filler wad
;;J .isia-.zob;- trri"fi"iJor nitro card over powder wad
Revised october 30, 1955-Destroy all
Previous editions of ALCAN charge recommendations published before Juty t, 1965
AL.AN charge Tabter show power chaiges rn grarns.
There are zqx, grarn. por pound.

fi
l'
h
4 BeforeAttemptingTo IIseThischargeTable,BeferTolnformation0n page lol
trEBHFFF*F.T&'Il
*:;4+-li!
,+-L',i:ri1$1i:r,.r :.::*.,1"..r;-::',i,*:. r
.:,1;J;
ffisffi#Sr .#siii€sPl.E#*sf,.g:,:}sr
MUZZLE CHARGE
DESCRIPTION VELOCITY SHOT WT, P OWD E R WEIGHT WA D C O L U M N
1250 2% AL.8 58 Grs. 2- .I35'* 7e' FBS
L250 2y4 AL-8 52 Grs. P G S+ . 2 0 0 '* 7 a 'FBS
1O Gauge 1335 AL.8
z 59 Grs. .135' + 2-78'FBS
3y2" Mag. 1335 z AL.8 54 Grs. PGS* 2-7a'FBS
1330 2 AL-7 49 Grs. .135"+ z-Ys'FBS
1330 2 AL-7 44 Grs. PGS* 2-7e'FBS
1330 I% AL.5 44 Grs. 2 - . L 3 5 '* 7s' FBS
1330 L -/A AL-5 41 Grs. P G S+ . 1 3 5 ' * 7 a ' FBS
1 0 Gau ge 1335 ty 4 AL.5 41 Grs. 2-.200'* 7e'FBS
zrh" 1335 Ly 4 AL.5 38 Grs. P GS + .13 5"+Yz'FBS
1300 It/4 AL-120 37 Grs. 2 - . 2 O O '* 7s'FBS
1300 IY 4 A L-120 34 Grs. P G S +2 - . 1 3 5 "t7 e 'FBS
t265 L3/+ AL.8 46 Grs. .135'+ t/2uFBS
L265 L -/4 AL-8 41 Grs. A W * 7 e 'FBS
12 Ga ug e lCAq l3a AL.8 41 Grs. PGS+ .135' * 7euFBS
3 " Ma g. AL.7 2-.2OO'
1300 L'/8 37 Grs. + Yz'FBS ia{
1300 r% AL-7 33 Grs. A W + .135'+Yz'FBS +4
;€
I ?OO L'/8 At-7 33 Grs. P GS + 2-.135"+y2'FBS Vi
12 Gau ge 1320 ly z AL.7 37 Grs. 2-.135"+ Y4"FtsSf
23/4"Mag. 1320 r'/2 AL.7 34 Grs. A W* 7+ ' FBSt
r 2 tn LVz AL-7 34 Grs. P GS+ .135' +y4'FBSI
r325 L'/a AL-7 37 Grs. 2-.135'* 7a' F8S i}l
1325 r% AL-7 34 Grs. A W*7 a 'F BSf lI
' l? 2 q l3/e AL-7 34 Grs. P G S+ . 1 3 5 '+ 7 a ',FBS *
1330 Ly4 AL.5 34 Grs. .135' + 2-y8',
FBS
1330 I1/+ AL.5 3l Grs. A W+ .135'* 7a'FBS
1330 IV4 AL.5 31 Grs. P GS* 2-7a'FBS
t260 lV8 AL- 120 25 Grs. 2 - . 1 3 5 ' + yz'FBS
t260 IYe AL-120 24 Grs. A W * 7 z 'F BS
1260 lyB AL-120 24 Grs. P G S+ . 1 3 5 ' + yz' FBS
1200 Ly8 A L-120 24 Grc, 2-.135' + t/2' FBS
1 2 Gau ge r200 lt/a A L-120 23 Grs. A W * 7 z 'F BS
23/q" 12r|rr I% A L-120 23 Grs. P G S +. 2 0 0 '+Y2 'FBS
1200 lY g Red Dot 22 Grs. .135' + 2- %, , FBS a
1200 lyB Red Dot 2OGrs. A W+ .070' +Yr 'FBS
1200 ly8 Red Dot 20 Grs. P GS * 2-3 l e' FB S
11 6 0 ly 8 AL-120 23 Grs. 2-.135'+ V2'FBS in
I 160 lyg AL-120 22 Grs. A W + Y z' FBS ;t
I 150 Lye AL-120 22 Grs. PGS+ .20O"+ V2'FgS t;i
r235 1 A L - 12 0 24 Grs. 2-.135'+, %',+ 5/ i6'FBS :-,i
1235 I AL- 120 23 Grs. A W + 2-5l16',FBS *F
12?q I AL.120 23 Grs. P GS+ .200'+ 2- 5l16'FBS f . S.
16 Ga ug e 1265 Ly4 AL.8 36 Grs. .135' + t/4ilFBS i'
23/a"Mag. L265 ly4 AL.8 33 Grs. PGS + .070' * t/a' FBSI i
1200 1'/8 28 Grs. .135' + yz'FBS ;f::
1200 lyB AL-7 25 Grs. PGS+ .070' + t/2'FBS ,,n:
AL-5 26 Grs. - ;.l :
1220 2 - . 1 3 5 ' + V2 ' FBS
lttn I AL-5 23 Grs. PGS+ .200' * Vz' FBS ::l;
ib-
16 Gauge 1200 I AL-120 20 Grs. 2-,135'+ y2'FBS -:
.*',.,-j:
-f.i
23/au t200 1 AL-120 l9 Grs. PGS+ .2OO'* YZ'FBS Li,.1{
1200 1 Keo uot 18 Grs.' 2-.L35' + t/2"FBS :;i
'|2r)r) I Red Dot 17 Grs.+ PGS + .200', + yl',FBS Ii
1250 '/8 A L -1 2 0 21 Grs. 2-.r35' ,+2 - 5116'FBS f
?/8
1 tq n A L -1 2 0 20 Grs. P GS+ .20 0"+ 2- 5116'FBS i
2 0 Gau ge L250 r-3/16 AL.8 33 Grs. . I 3 5 '+ 7 e 'FBS :',,:'
3 " Mag , lrF'o 1-3/16 AL-8 3OGrs. P G S+ . O 7 O'* 3 /e 'FBS 4 ':
2 0 Ga ug e 1260 r% AL.8 32 Grs. ffi
23/a"Mag, 126,r) IYg AL.8 30 Grs. P GS + ],!" FB S i
' .:Y ::

t220 I AL-7 25 Grs. 2-.t35' + 7 a'FBS


ltad I AL-7 22 Grs. P GS + ,135' * 3/A ' FB S
1220 ,/e AL-5 24 Grs. z - . !54 + ._ r b5
::.-
: -4 . .
20 Gau ge 7/e AL-5
1220 22 Grs. P G S+. 1 3 5 " +;/z'FBS ';fr
23/a" 1200 '/8 A L. I 20 18 Grs. 2 '. 1 3 5 ' + t /2 'FBS
1200 ?/8
A L-120 l 7 Grs. P G S+ . 1 3 5 '+ 7 2 'FBS
1230 '/4 AL-120 17 Grs. 1 3 5 +2 - , FBS
1230 "/4 AL-120 16 Grs. P G S* 2 - ; a" FBS t
2 8 Gau ge 12o,0 3/+ AL.8 23 Grs. I35" + i /e' FB S
23hu I 190 AL-7 16 Grs. 1 3 5 " + 2 - t 7 ""FBS
,410 Gauge lo50 2400 I6 Grs.r I 3 5 '+ V a 'FBS
1050 2400 15.5 Grs.* 2..135',+ %" FBS

I -,-,:.?l-l--'- 1140 Y2 2400 l5 Grs.* 135'+ t/4i lFB S


I 150 '/a AL-8 l2 Grs. r 3 5 " + 2 - % 'FBS
ffilg@l
Use only in low inside base wad shells as listed on Page 16 +Charges for Hercules Powaeii ii suggested
+Charqes iuooest6d-bv
by fhem
,,FLITE.MAX"
STANDARD LOAD RECOMMENDATIONS -1966
BEC0MMEMED
WAOSEATIIY0
PRESSUBE:40
IBS.MAffiMAM.
. . F L ITE.M AX''
POWDERCHARGESAND SHELL TYPES WA D C OL U M N

A L C A NT A R GE T& FIE LDFE


, D E R ATA
L R GE T
& FIE LD(P A P E R )
lYg IL75 2 0 G rsAL -1 20
L% 1280 29-30GrsAL-5 #4
LY+ 1315 3 1 -3 2G rsA L - 7 #4
L3/s 1225 30 GrsAL-7 #3
L% 1300 39 GrsAL.8 #L
LY2 i235 38 GrsAL-8 #Eplus15 Ga.070"
REMI NGTON-PETERS TRAP(PLAST|C)
2 0 G rsA L -1 2 0 #2or #3
29-30GrsAL-S #L
3 1 -3 2GrsAL -7 #r
30 GrsAL-7 #Epl us 16 G a. 070"
wt NcHESTER-WESTERNTRAP(PAPER)
2 0 G rsA L -1 2 0 #I or #2
29-30GrsAL-5 #L or #E plus 16 Ga.070,,
3 1 .3 2GrsAL -7 #L or #Epl us 16 G a. 070, ,
WINCHESTER_WESTER N_AA
1 8 GrsAL -1 2 0
28 GrsAL-7
CAUTION:Notelowerpowderchargefor Win.-West.AA plastic
s h e l l .D ON OTE X C E E D !
s U PE R -X
AN D S U P E R .S P E E
3'DMA GN U M(pA pE R )
4O GrsAL-8 #Eplus 15 Ga.070"
NOTE: Destroyall previouseditions of ,,FLITE-MAX"recommendations.

All "FLITE-MAX" recommendationsare for fired shells primed with " 22O MAX-FIRE"Primer.

,,FLITE.MAX'' SUPER VELOCITY RECOMMEITDATIONS.


1966

POWDERCHARGEAND SHELL TYPES

ALCAN TARGET & FIELD, FEDERALTARGET& FIELD (PAPER)


37 Grs AL-5 (This load not recommendedin plastic cases)*

TARGET(PLASTIC)
REMI NGTON-PETERS
31 Grs AL-S
ALCANTARGET& FIELD,FEDERAL
TARGET& FIELD(PAPER)
35 GrsAL-7
ALCAN TARGET & FIELD, FEDERALTARGET& FIELD (PAPER)
42 Grs AL-8
,EXCESSIVE
RREECHPRESSARES
WTI NESUITIF THIS IOAD IS USEDN PIASTIC CASES,
NOTE: These loads were developed especially for conditions under which these super velocities will prove a
distinct advantageto the shooter. The higher remaining energy per pellet, in these loads, will add yards to the
kilfing range of your gun. Excellentpatterns are the rule, rather than the exception when shot sizes of #6 and
larger are used.
Becauseof the nature of these loads, they are somewhat critical. We recommend using the Alcan ,'22OMAX-
FIRE" primer only. Great care should be exercised in keeping the recommended powder charge correct and
uniform. Use only once-firedshells,to assure a firm tight crimp and use only brand of empty shell recommended.
ALCAN 12 GAUGEBUCKSHOTRECOMMENDATIONS
-1966
Powder & Pellets Muzzle
Load Shell GhargeWt. Wad Golumn Per Layer Crimp Velocity
(Ft./Sec.)
3" Mag. 15 pellets100 Alcan CM AL-8 40 Grs. PGS+ 5/16" FBS 3 R ol l L230
,f
3' Mag.41 pellets14 Alcan CM AL-8 40 Grs. PGS+ r/zoFBS ) R ol l L240
3" Mag.41 pellets14 A l c a nC M AL-8 40 Grs. PGS+ 7e'FBS 7 excepttop
i Fold L250
3" Mag.41 pellets14 Alcan CM AL-8 40 Grs. AW* 7+/FBS layer with 6
L ! Fold t250
Mag. 16 pellets 11
23/+n Alcan AL-7 33 Grs. PGS+ r/znFBS 4. R ol l 1250
Mag. 16 pellets 11
23/4tt Alcan AL-7 33 Grs. P GS+ 5/16' FB S 4* Fold 1280
23/4"Mag. 12 pellets fOO Alcan AL-7 35 Grs. PGS+ 7e'FBS 3 R ol l 1315
23/4,Mag. 12 pellets #00 Alcan AL-7 34 Grs, PGS+ 7+"FBS 3 Fold 1325
23/+u 9 pellets#00 Alcan AL-5 34 Grs. PGS+ 2-s7"n
FBS 3 R ol l 1375
23/q' 9 pellets#00 Alcan AL-s 34 Grs. Pcs+ 2-5116/
FBS 3 Fold 1430
23/+' 9 pellets#00 Alcan AL-5 34 Grs. AW+ 7z'Fgs 3 Fold 1430
I
2W tZ pelletsl0 Alcan AL.5 34 Grs. PGS+ 2-5116/FBS
I 2efin12 pelletslO Alcan AL-5 34 Grs. PGS+ y2,FBS
3
3
R ol l 1345
I 2s1n12 pelletsl0 Alcan AL.5 34 Grs. AW+ %' r as 3
Fold
Fold
1390
1390
I 27 pellets #4
2z1on Alcan AL.5 34 Grs. PGS+ 2-3/au
FBS )
7 except top R ol l 1340
27 pellets 14
23/4n Alcan AL.5 34 Grs. PGS+ 2-5116/FBSI Fold 1380
2z1n27 pellets 14 layerwith 6
Alcan AL-5 34 Grs. AW* 7s'FBS I Fold 1380
WARNING:These powder recommendationsare for buckshot loads o.nly,and are in no way relative to equal weights
of fine shot! Buckshotsizesshownin abovetable are Americii Standard.
rcAUTloN: lf 4 pelletsdo not nest properly,high chamberpressures
will result.
NOTE:AW - Alcan,,AlR.WEDGE" over powderwad FBS _ Alcan..FELTAN-BLUESTREAK'' fitler wad
PGS- Alcan PlasticGasSeal over powderwad .135', .200/ - Thicknessof nitro card over powderwad

ALCAN SHOTGUNSLUG RECOMMENDATIONS


.1966

Benco-Vitt Alcan or
Federal AL-s 34 Grs. Attached 1410
Benco-Vitt Alcan or
Federal AL-7 38 Grs. Attached 1465
LymanHand Cast Alcanor
MeyerBros.H.P. Federal
AL-120 35 Grs. AW+ .200' + y4' FBS+ .135' 1610

LymanHand Cast
MeyerBros.H.P.
Federal I A1.120 26 Grs. PGS+ .2OO'+ y2' FBS+ .2O0'

20 GAUGE
LymanHand Cast
MeyerBros. H.P. PGS+ .2OOn+ y2nFBs + .2OOo

CAUTION:DO NOT USE OVERSHOT WADSW|TH SLUG LOADS!


Suggestusing Lyman's,,Slug',crimping head.
Hollowbaseslugsshould haveat leastone .135',nitro card wad direcily under slug.
I H

MISCELLANEOUS
SHOTSHELLLOADINGINFORMATION

FineDust .03 No.4 .24 340


Dust .o4 4565 N o.9 3 .25 299
No.12 .05 2330 8
11 .26 263
.06 1350 7Y2 2
10 .27 23A
.o7 850 7
9 .28 2LO
.08 s70 5 .29
8 186
.09 400 5 .30
7Yz L52
.095 340 4
6 .32 L44
.11 220 3 .34
5 L28
.L2 L70 2 .36
.13
rt2
135 1 .38 96
.i+ 105
2 .15 85
1 .16 70
B .L7 60
A ir Rifl e .L75 55
BB .18 50
BB B .19 42
16 2L8 437 1311
18 L94 388 LL64
19 184 368 1 104
2I 156 333 999
22 159 318 954
23

t
L52 304 9L2
24 L45 29L 873
Ve L64 213 LO67 4268 25 140 280 840
Y2 2L8 L74 872 3490 26
5/e L32 265 795
273 L28 640 2560 27
3/q L29 259 777
328 105 533 2L34 28 L25 250 750
% 382 91 457 1830 29 L20
1 24t 723
437 80 400 1600 30 116 233 699
tYn 464 75 376 1506 32 109 2L8 654
lYg 492 7L 355 L422 33 106 2L2 636
l%s 519 67 336 1346 34 L02 205 615
Ir/q 546 64 320 1280 37 94 189 567
t% 601 58 29t tt64 38 92 184 552
ly2 656 53 266 1066 39 89 L79 537
I3/a 7to 49 246 984 50 70 140 420
L3/q 765 45 228 9L4 52 68 136 409
t% a2L 42 2L3 454 54 64 129 388
2 874 40 200 800 56 62 r25 375
2r/+ 984 35 178 7t2 58 60 T2L 362
SCATT ER O R BRUSH LO ADS
For the reloader who uses a tight fore, it uay be necessary to make a slight adjustment
choked gun for upland game hunting, in the wad column, or in applied wad pressure to
where a majority of his shots will be secure a satisfactory crimp.
taken at close range, it is possible In laboratory tests we have found a 1ft tedactionin
to load "SCATTER OR BRUSH pattern density at any given range when one "B" wad
LOADS" which can produce patterns equivalent to is used and a t396 rcduction when two "B" wads
those obtained from a modified or even improved are used,
cylinder choke. This type of load will produce larger,
These results were obtained h&f&ng a standard load
I more effective patterns thereby not mutilating game
taken at close range. as a control and identical loads, with the exception of
the number of "B" wads used.
f. To prepare these shellE, it is necessary to divide your
This method of loading is slightly more time
regular shot charge into two or three equal portions
suming than standard loads. the r
using t'B" or over shot wads as separators.
obtained wilL far
Alcan "B" wads are approximately .040 " thick, there- rn prepann

+r}\ ALGAN
PISTOLCHARGETABLES
The Recommendations in this charge table are maximum Ioads and
should be approached with caution. Suggest a one grain reduction for :S
cun
initial loading. Use ALCAN Primers for maximum uniformity of loads. MANUALXI
;ORPORATED. ALTON,ILL.
38 SPECIAL .357 MAGNUM
6" PressureBarrel 87e"PressureBarrel

125 Gr. Cast R.N.-Slzed .358' 125 Gr. Gast R.N.-Sized .358,,
AL-120 1080 AL-120 1370
AL.5 I 150 AL-5 1550
AL.7 Lt20 At-7 1570
AL-8 I 160 AL-8 1620
148 Gr. CastW.C.-Sized.358" 148 Gr. Gast W.C.-Sized .358',
A1.120 1035 A L - 120 I 191
AL-5 I 130 AL-5 L3t
AL-7 I 120 AL-7 13;
AL.8 I 145 AL.8 14,
156 Gr. FMC-.3585f Dia. 155 Gr. FMG-.3585'Dla.
AL-120 875 AL -120 I
AL-5 1070 AL-5 I
AL-7 1080 AL-7 I
AL.8 lo50 AL-8 I
Speer-158 Gr. Jacketed S.P. .357" Dia. Speer-158 Gr. Jacketed S.P. .35
AL-120 780 A L - 120
AL.5 915 AL.5
AL.7 940 AL.7
AL.8 470 AL.8

Address your inquiries

AL CAN C OM P A T
3640 Seminary Road, Alton, lllinois 62002,