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By Rav Moshe Sternbuch The following was written by Rabbi Daniel Yaakov Travis based on a drasha given by Rav Moshe Sternbuch, Rosh Av Beis Din of the Eidah Hachareidis of Yerushalayim. ••••• UTILIZING ARROGANCE Parah adumah is the chok of the Torah, for it simultaneously purifies the impure and makes the pure impure. While even Shlomo Hamelech could not fathom the full depths of this seemingly contradictory functioning, this mitzvah alludes to very deep concepts that even we can appreciate. In the application of the parah adumah, we find more opposites. The parah was first burned and mixed with water, and then applied with the branches of a cedar tree (erez), hyssop (ezov), and scarlet (tolas). The cedar tree is the tallest of all plants and hints to the attribute of gaavah, haughtiness, while hyssop and scarlet are from the smallest of shrubs and are reminiscent of anavah, humility. Arrogance is extremely harmful, and is generally considered to be one of the worst middos. However, in certain situations, there is a place for it, and it can be harnessed for the good. If used properly, it can help elevate a person to the highest levels. When a person starts learning Torah, there is a massive amount of knowledge in front of him, but he knows almost nothing. Looking objectively at his own talents versus the challenges that lie ahead of him could cause him to drop the whole endeavor and give up. At this point, a person is allowed to feel a certain amount of haughtiness, for this can act as an impetus to push him to become a gadol baTorah. Once a person has acquired a certain amount of Torah knowledge and recognizes what it means to be a talmid chochom, he should try to reverse his feelings. At this point, he should work on humility and recognize how miniscule he is vis-à-vis his Creator and the rest of the Torah that lies in front of him. This attitude will give him more siyata diShmaya and help him achieve much higher levels of Torah understanding. Using the above concepts, the Baal Shem Tov explained what is hinted to in the seemingly contradictory nature of parah adumah. Arrogance has the power to purify the impure at the beginning of their endeavor to become a talmid chochom. Overestimating one's abilities will save a person from the feeling of despair that he will never achieve anything. However, once a person has reached a level of understanding regarding what Torah is really meant to be - once he has attained some purity - then haughtiness becomes a dangerous attribute. At this point, the very same attribute that he initially used to elevate himself in his
Torah learning - to purify the impure - can now cause him to become impure and to plummet to the lowest depths. He should try to swing to the opposite extreme and work on humility. DANGER OR PROTECTION We can understand the seemingly contradictory nature of the parah adumah in another light. Chazal reveal that Torah can be a sam hachaim, an elixir of life, or a sam hamovess, a deadly poison. When a person recognizes that Torah is the word of Hashem, and he uses his learning to bring himself closer to his Creator, then Torah has life-giving qualities. Even someone who is currently considered impure, as a result of transgressions, can be elevated to the highest level. However, if a person learns Torah as he would any other wisdom, Torah becomes extremely dangerous. A person can use his knowledge to embarrass others and transgress in various ways. Even a tzaddik can become impure as a result of learning Torah with corrupt intentions. Based on this, we can understand another difficult parsha of the Torah. Chazal tell us that when Yisro offered Moshe Rabbeinu the chance to marry his daughter Tziporah, he made a stipulation that their first child should become a priest to idol worship. After Yisro gave up a life of idolatry, how could he request that his grandchildren follow the same path that he abandoned? Yisro recognized the danger of learning Torah for the wrong reasons. He felt that one should first try and grasp the futility of all other paths. Once a person comes to the understanding that all other ways are wrong and that Torah is the way to properly live one’s life, then he could embark on learning Torah with the correct attitude without running the risk of it being a sam hamovess. Although Yisro was correct in his perception of learning Torah for the right reasons, his methodology was mistaken. First, a person must internalize “ain k'Elokeinu” - that there is no other power in the world aside from the Almighty - and only then can he grasp “mi k'Elokeinu,” the deeper understanding of His existence. A person who starts off his search for truth by trying to negate all of the mistaken ideologies that exist in the world might be drawn after them in the process and wind up actually more distanced from Torah. DIFFICULT QUESTIONS People who follow Yisro’s ideology and have not completely internalized “ein k'Elokeinu” might ask, “Where was the Almighty during the Holocaust? How could He stand by silently during the slaughter of millions of Jews, including women, children and cripples?” These and other similar questions plague them and do not allow them to achieve complete emunah. “His [the Almighty's] thoughts are not ours.” His thoughts are not on the same plane as ours, and we cannot hope to fathom the depth of His intentions. We must realize that just as we cannot comprehend the parah adumah, we cannot achieve a complete understanding of Hashem's ways in this world. The Chofetz Chaim compares this to an out-of-town guest who comes to shul for Shabbos. He sees aliyos being handed out, and at first glance, he thinks it is random and
concludes that there is no reasoning behind this allotment. Why is a simple person receiving an aliyah, while an esteemed rov is not honored? The Chofetz Chaim explains that the confused guest does not realize the broader spectrum of what is going on in that shul. Next week, the rov is making a bar mitzvah for his son and will receive an aliyah then. The simple person has not been called up to the Torah in the past six months and is therefore getting an aliyah this Shabbos. So, too, explains the Chofetz Chaim, we are not in touch with the full gamut of what is taking place in this world. We see life through our narrow perspective, but in truth, the picture is much broader. Only by accustoming ourselves to recognize the limitation of our vision can we hope to come to terms with life as we see it. ERETZ YISROEL In our days, we must also reconcile opposites and deal with difficult questions of emunah. Jews come to Eretz Yisrael to seek out a life of kedushah vetaharah, and to try to give their children the best possible chinuch of how a Jew should live his life. They are willing to live simply in order to be able to serve Hashem in His home. In the midst of this mesirus nefesh, they find that they are thwarted by the secular government in achieving their goals. Last week, forty-three parents from Moshav Emmanuel were thrown in jail because they desired a higher level of chinuch for their children. The secular court system justified this verdict, claiming that halacha and the words of gedolei Torah must bow in the face of their ruling. In another incident, Rav Sternbuch was violently attacked by police officers who shot gas directly in the rov’s face. The rov could not see for ten minutes and needed medical attention even afterward, but, bechasdei Hashem, no lasting damage was caused. How can we understand why in Eretz Yisroel, in the palace of the King, such atrocities take place? Rav Mordechai Pogromansky said that right before the coming of Moshiach, the final nisyonos will be regarding Eretz Yisroel. The Almighty will test whether the Jews living there are completely given over to His will. Those who successfully overcome these challenges and are faithful to Him will merit redemption. Hashem’s eyes are not on those misguided individuals who are imposing these restrictions. Rather, His eyes are focused on how we will strengthen ourselves under this persecution and use these incidents to solidify our emunah.. May we see the implementation of the true Torah leadership in Eretz Yisroel quickly. ••••• Rabbi Travis is a rosh kollel of Kollel Toras Chaim in Yerushalayim, and is the author of Shaylos U'Teshuvos Toras Chaim and "Praying With Joy - A Daily Tefilla Companion," a practical daily guide to improving one's prayers, available from Feldheim Publishers. Rav Shternbuch’s weekly shiurim on the parsha, compiled and edited by Rabbi Travis, are now available as a sefer titled “A Voice in the Darkness.” For more information about his work, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The secular court system justified this verdict, claiming that halacha and the words of gedolei Torah must bow in the face of their ruling.
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