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Cord Blood Storage

Cord Blood Storage

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Published by Charles Kassotis
Umbilical cord blood or cord blood is found in the placenta and umbilical cord of babies.

This blood contains a rich amount of hematopoietic stem cells or HSCs that have the ability to form any type of blood cell and immune cells. Hematopoietic stem cells are responsible for the renewal of blood.

Cord blood also contains endothelial and mesenchymal progenitor cells and pluripotent cells. In all other respects though, umbilical cord blood is identical to regular blood.
Umbilical cord blood or cord blood is found in the placenta and umbilical cord of babies.

This blood contains a rich amount of hematopoietic stem cells or HSCs that have the ability to form any type of blood cell and immune cells. Hematopoietic stem cells are responsible for the renewal of blood.

Cord blood also contains endothelial and mesenchymal progenitor cells and pluripotent cells. In all other respects though, umbilical cord blood is identical to regular blood.

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Published by: Charles Kassotis on Jun 25, 2010
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Cord Blood Storage
Cord Blood - Stem Cell Dept. Department Of Health And Human Services

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Umbilical cord blood or cord blood is found in the placenta and umbilical cord of babies.   This blood contains a rich amount of hematopoietic stem cells or HSCs that have the ability to form any type of blood cell and immune cells. Hematopoietic stem cells are responsible for the renewal of blood.   Cord blood also contains endothelial and mesenchymal progenitor cells and pluripotent cells. In all other respects though, umbilical cord blood is identical to regular blood. Cord blood has been used in the treatment of over seventy diseases like lymphoma, leukaemia, anaemia and neuroblastoma. In addition to this, research is being done into the ability of progenitor cells in cord blood to develop into any type of tissue. Because of the uses and possibilities attached to this blood, cord blood storage has become important.   Cord blood storage is normally performed by blood banks that can be either private or public. In public banks the blood samples can be given to any person who is a match and can afford it while in private banks, the samples can only be distributed if the legal owners approve. Cord blood is collected after delivery of the child and stored in a blood bag at room temperature.   The blood should be stored in a collection kit that will not allow temperatures to fluctuate too much around the optimum value. When the blood reaches the laboratory, the stem cells are isolated and a cryoprotectant added.   The stem cells are then subjected to controlled rate freezing which freezes them over a period of one hour. The cells are then placed in a compartmentalized cryocyte bag and over-wrapped in a plastic sheath that is heat sealed. Over-wrapping provides a further protection against contamination and can preserve the blood sample within if the inner bag is compromised. Cryocyte bags are made of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) and undergo gamma sterilization.   Gamma sterilization is able to penetrate the material of the bags and remove microorganisms without altering the material or leaving a residue behind. Cryocte bags can be found in a variety of sizes ranging from 50ml to 1000ml. The filled bags are held in quarantine in the vapour phase of liquid nitrogen until the samples have passed through the requisite testing. Once the results are acceptable, the cryocyte bags are moved to liquid nitrogen storage tanks.   The temperatures of these tanks are carefully regulated within a narrow range and they are also secured against threats like robbery and fire. If the blood is ever needed, it is transported in containers that are able to maintain the cryogenic temperatures   There are options for cord blood storage all over the world including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Europe, Greece, Italy, India, Australia and Africa. These banks can store whole blood, menstrual blood and placenta as well as stem cells. The cost for processing and testing can range from six hundred to fifteen hundred US dollars while the cost per year of storage can vary from one hundred to two hundred US dollars. Cord Blood Storage Headlines MoneyTV with Donald Baillargeon, 6/25 - MarketWatch (press release)

MoneyTV with Donald Baillargeon, 6/25MarketWatch (press release)Cord Blood America, Inc. (OTC:CBAI) CEO Matthew Schissler discussed the company's new affordable program for families to cryogenically store umbilical cord ...and more » Traveling smart with diabetes - Osceola Sentinel Tribune Osceola Sentinel TribuneTraveling smart with diabetesOsceola Sentinel TribuneProper medication storage is important to keep in mind. Body heat can upset the makeup of a drug, so don't store pills in a pocket or otherwise near your ...and more » Stock Alert for Cord Blood America Inc. (CBAI) - The Market Financial Stock Alert for Cord Blood America Inc. (CBAI)The Market FinancialRevenues from the storage of umbilical cord blood stem cells was up slightly in 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009, which the Company said signals a ...and more » National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Funds Research to Improve Safety of ... - TTKN News National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Funds Research to Improve Safety of ...TTKN NewsIn addition, researchers have yet to tease apart the effects of blood storage, blood components, the amount of blood transfused, genetics, and illness or ...and more »

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