Yael R. Dragwyla Email: Polaris93@aol.com http://polaris93.livejournal.


First North American rights 20,500 words

Volume I: A New Order of the Ages
Book 4: Glossary of Terms

The following is incomplete and needs some revision, but, in conjunction with library sources such as Wikipedia.com and books and articles on the subject, it can be useful for the student and practitioner of the esoteric Arts and Sciences, especially astrology. AAA Adjectives and qualifiers: Cytherial: of or pertaining to Venus (same as “Venereal” or “Venerean,” but to moderns sounds more, ahem, polite) Jovial: of or pertaining to Jupiter as a psychospiritual influence Jovian: of or pertaining to Jupiter as a physical Planetary entity Terrestrial: of or pertaining to Terra, i.e., Mother Earth Martial: of or pertaining to Mars Martian: of or pertaining to Mars as a physical, Planetary entity Aeon, Changes of (esoteric theory): The average length of an Aeon is 2,160 years, one-twelfth of the period over which the precession of the Earth’s axis of rotation goes through one complete cycle. This is because an Aeon corresponds to the length of time during which the Vernal Coleur – the celestial longitude, as measured against the backdrop of the heavens, of the Sun’s position on the first moment of Spring each year, when He crosses the celestial equator going North on His apparent yearly round of

Earthly skies – remains within one of the twelve Zodiacal Constellations. This, too, may have a geophysiological basis. According to astronomers Sallie Baliunas and Willie Soon, . . . [Strictly] speaking, the period of the sunspot cycle is not 11 years; it varies from eight to 15 years. Other periods are also present, for instance the 80- to 90-year “Gleissberg Cycle” and a 200-year cycle. A period of roughly 2,200 years is suggested by records of solar magnetism from the radiocarbon abundance in bristlecone-pine tree rings that can be traced over several millenniums. -- Sallie Baliunas and Willie Soon, “The Sun-Climate Connection,” in Sky & Telescope Vol. 92 No. 6 (December 1996), p. 39 Obviously living things, e.g., bristlecone pines, react metabolically to changing strengths of the Sun’s electromagnetic field. There is no reason to assume that the reaction might not also be exhibit as gross behavior among non-sessile beings such as animals, including ourselves, on both individual and collective levels. Therefore there is a possibility that the progression of the Aeons may be tied to the cycles of waxing and waning strength of Sol’s electromagnetic field and His cycles brightness associated with them. Ages (astrological): Albedo (astronomy, planetary science): See Planets, physical measures (astronomy) Alchemy: Decomposition, recomposition (integration); mercury, salte, sulfur; the four Elements; the Black Dragon of Putrefaction; etc. Algebra, Boolean: A notation number system which, like our normal decimal or base-10 system, employs representation of a given number by the vector sum of scalar multiples of exponential powers of a given numerical base, of the following form: n ∑ ai • xi = a0 • x0 + a1 • x1 + . . . + an • xn i=0 = a 0 • 1 + a 1 • x1 + . . . a n • xn + = a + a 1 • x + . . . + a n • x n , where x is some base number, e.g., 10 (which we normally use), and the ai are members of a set of scalars, in this case, the set of digits {0,1,. . .,9}. But in Boolean algebra, x is equal to 2, and the ai can only take on the values {0,1}. So, as represented in Boolean notation, a number is a string of 1’s and 0’s. This is now numbers – and, for that matter, any other kind of information – are presented in a computer. See entry under Polynomials. Appulse (astronomy): The near approach of one orbital body to another during a conjunction, when the declinations of the two are not close enough for them to form an occultation; the culmination at or crossing of the meridian. Applied particularly to the appulse of the Moon to the Earth’s shadow. See Eclipse. Apsis, apsides (pl.) (astronomy): The points of greatest and least distance of a planet, moon, or companion star revolving about a primary to the latter. Perihelia, aphelia of a member of the Solar System; perigee, apogee Ascendant (astrology): See entry under Cusp, cusps. Aspects: The angles which, as viewed from the surface of one or another planet, moon, or other celestial body, the celestial bodies in its environment appear to form with one another and the body on whose surface the observer is located. In particular, the term refers to the geometric interrelationship of

the Earth and any two other celestial bodies, as observed from the Earth’s surface, as these relate to a horoscope cast for the observer’s position, the date, and the time of the observation. Suppose an astrological chart has been erected to answer a question (a horary chart); to predict the outcomes of an event (an electional chart, for timing a ceremony, ritual, etc.); or to analyze the possible ramifications of some unpredictable event, such as an earthquake, outbreak of war, etc. (an event chart). The Significator or ruler of that chart, i.e., the Planet ruling the Sign on that chart’s Ascendant, determines the answer to the question, consequences of the ceremony, or implications of the event represented by that chart according to the aspects which it makes by progression to the Planets or other sensitive points in the chart. If the Significator in a horary chart makes no applying aspects to anything of significance in that chart before leaving its Sign (or, in some cases, taking its station and going retrograde within that Sign), or isn’t within orb of application to any other body in the chart during that time, then the Moon becomes the chart’s Significator.* Like transiting Saturn, the progressed Moon moves through the sky at an average of about one degree per month. By Her progressed motion and the major aspects She makes as long as She is still in the Sign of Her original placement in that chart, She brings all things into manifestation.** *In event charts, separating aspects can also be of significance. **For horary charts, major aspects to other Planets, the Part of Fortune, and other applicable points in the chart include the conjunction, sextile, square, trine, opposition, and parallels of declination. For event charts, this list is expanded to include the quincunx or 150° aspect. The quincunx, sometimes called the inconjunct (a term also used for semisextiles), isn’t considered to be a major aspect in horary charts, but as a secondary influence it is considered to be of great importance, since its appearance in a chart is often indicative of grave illness or a disaster such as an earthquake. Quincunxes usually abound in event charts erected for disasters such as earthquakes and the outbreak of war. The geometric supplement of the quincunx, the semisextile, an angle of 30°, may be of significance with respect to the inception of conditions leading to injuries, disasters, ill-health, etc. See the Glossary in the Appendices to Volume I of this work for complete definitions of types of aspects as well as separating vs. applying aspects., etc.

Major aspects are those which have major astrological effects upon the celestial bodies and the astrological chart under consideration. They include the conjunction (0°); sextile (60°); square (90°); trine 120°); quincunx (also sometimes called inconjunct, an angle of 150°); opposition (180°), parallel (same declination, or distance from the celestial equator, on the same side of it), contraparallel (same declination, on opposite sides of the celestial equator), and occultation (conjunct and parallel each other at the same time, so that the body nearer to the Earth eclipses the observer’s view of the farther one). Minor aspects, whose effects tend to modify other things in the chart but aren’t themselves major influences, include the semisextile (30°; sometimes also called an inconjunct), semisquare (45°), quintile (72°), sesquisquare (135°), and others. *For further discussion of these and other minor aspects, see Emma Belle Donath, Minor Aspects Between Natal Planets (Tempe, AZ: The American Federation of Astrologers, 1982), passim. The aspects of significance in a horary chart, one erected to answer a question, include the parallel,* the conjunction, the sextile, the square, the trine, the opposition, and the occultation.

*The two bodies involved in a parallel may both be on the same side of the celestial equator, or on opposite sides. In either case, in horary and event charts the aspect is considered to be a parallel, and interpreted as such.

A partile aspect is one that is exact. Platic aspect: If the ruler of the chart makes any major aspects by application to anything else of significance in the chart, then, should it also make any of the following aspects to other Planets or sensitive points in the chart, the answer or testimony of the chart is modified in kind. These aspects include the semisextile (see footnote, above), semisquare (45°), and sesquisquare (135°). The semisextile indicates opportunities, potentials that can be profitably exploited, and the semisquare and sesquisquare generally indicate sources of irritations or even serious problems. Conjunctions: Luna’s conjunctions with the Sun – Her New Moon phase – occur only when She is between Earth and the Sun, on the straight line determined by the other two bodies. The conjunctions of Venus and Mercury with the Sun are of two types: inferior conjunction, when they are between the Earth and the Sun; and superior conjunction, when the Sun is between one of them and the Earth. All other planetary conjunctions with the Sun – those of Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto – take place only when the Sun is between the Earth and one of Them. See Light, Increasing and Decreasing in, on the geometry and astrology of those two types of conjunctions. Conjunctions and parallels signify marriages of the influences of the two bodies involved in the aspect. Such a melding is normally benign and desirable if the Planets or points involved are benign or neutral, such as those involving Luna (neutral), Venus (benefic), Sol (usually benefic), or Jupiter (benefic), but generally malefic and harmful when the Malefic Planets Mars, Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune are involved. The influence of conjunctions and parallels (including contraparallels) depends upon the Planets or Lights (Sun and Moon) involved. A conjunction or parallel with the any of the Benefics (Venus, Jupiter, the Moon’s North Node, the Part of Fortune, etc.) signifies favorable conditions, pleasant things, or harmony. A conjunction with any of the Malefics (Mars, Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune) signifies hardship, obstacles, unfavorable conditions, and is an ill omen. And a conjunction with the Sun, Moon, Mercury, or Pluto, the “neutral” bodies, has effects dependent on the chart as a whole. Finally, occultations are always signs of ill-omen. Sextiles and trines are “soft,” easy,” or “flowing” aspects. Usually their influence is benign, signifying harmony, pleasure, ease, and favorable conditions. However, when the involve the application of a Malefic or a neutral Planet to a Malefic, especially when trines to Neptune are involved, they can signify inexorable, unmitigatable doom. Trines to Neptune are often found in the charts of long-term addicts and alcoholics, the accident-prone, masochists, and people who are frequently victimized in certain ways. Trines make it easy to get into a pattern or cycle which is then very hard to break out of. An analogy is driving a swift, powerful car on an icy road – getting onto the ice is easy, but the hard part is getting off again in one piece. Squares, inconjuncts, oppositions, semisquares, and sesquisquares are “hard” aspects that frequently indicate irritation, friction, hindrance, barriers, disasters, failures, and hope destroyed. But sometimes they indicate barriers that act as shields, giving protection from evil. Squares and oppositions can represent major obstacles to becoming addicted to some vicious drug, such as alcohol or cocaine, or may act to protect someone from major injury or disaster by throwing up obstacles in the way of potential causes of the latter. These “hard” aspects can act like sand thrown on an icy road, preventing disastrous skids. As for oppositions, they can signify partnership instead of hostile confrontation. Their basic meaning is that of face-to-face relationships. Such relationships are characteristic of everything from outright war to sex, marriage, or a good business relationship. So the effect of an opposition depends on the context in which it operates. The quincunx is usually prominent in charts erected for real-world events such as earthquakes and other disasters; it is also common in charts having to do with illness or injury. Semisextiles indicate opportunities and possibilities, though without major aspects to key those in and make them readily useful, they usually come to nothing. They add momentum to whatever else is in the chart. They can thus be very helpful to the success of the question in that way. Partile Exact. An exact aspect. Major, minor (complete list from Donath) Applying, separating; waxing, waning (see also Luna, phases of). Superior and inferior conjunction (special case: Mercury and Venus). Inferior conjunctions of Mercury and Venus with the Sun are interpreted as combust conditions, which are made doubly weak or unfortunate because of Their retrograde motion at such times. On the other hand, Their superior

conjunctions, when Sol is on the line determined by Her position and that of Earth, between the two Planets, are interpreted as fortunate conditions; They are in direct motion then, and Their influence is very strong, the opposite of the case for Their combustion. Full = superior conjunction = direct motion = most ritual power New - inferior conjunction = retrograde motion = least ritual power Inferior (new) vs. superior (full) conjunction and retrogrades, greatest elongation East (third quarter) and West (first quarter) Waxing -- moving from inferior to superior conjunction (not necessarily equivalent to growing in brightness) Waning -- moving from superior to inferior conjunction (not necessarily equivalent to lessening brightness) gibbous: about halfway between superior conjunction from Sol, when He is “full,” and greatest elongation from Sol, at His first or third “quarter” balsamic, crescent Asteroids and planetoids: the Goddess Asteroids (Pallas, Ceres, Juno, Vesta), Chiron and the other Centaurs, Earth-crossing, Apollo asteroids, the Kuyper Belt, trans-Neptunian bodies, etc. Astrology: Elective, mundane, horary Astronomical Unit, or AU: Formally speaking, the distance from the Sun to a massless object in an unperturbed circular orbit that has an orbital period of 365.2568983 days, equal to 1.4959787066 x 1011 m or ~ 93 million miles. Commonly the AU is taken to be the average distance of the Earth from the Sun, and is the unit of distance used by planetary astronomers. BBB Benefics (astrology): See Planets. Brown dwarf (astronomy): CCC Calendars: In the West, the Gregorian calendar was substituted for the Julian calendar in 1582, to account for leap-years and other factors not accounted for by the latter. Great Britain, however, waited until 1750 to adopt the Gregorian calendar, and put it into effect in 1752. At the same time, the beginning of the legal year was changed from March 25 to January 1. At that time, in England as well as her colonies in America and elsewhere, 11 days were dropped from the calendar, i.e., were added to every date in the year, so that, e.g., January 1 became January 12, etc. Subtracting this number of days for the calendrical ascriptions given by Crowley, the Golden Dawn, et al. for the Court Cards, which runs from about the 10th or 11th of one month to around the same day on the next, changes them to about the 1 st of one month to the 1st of the next – i.e., to a given calendrical month, in the usual sense of the term. Thus the Knight of Wands would rule November; the Knight of Cups would rule February; the Knight of Swords rules May; and the Knight of Disks rules August. For more on calendars and calendrical changes, see The Book of Calendars, edited by Frank Parise (New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1982). Celestial Equator: Centaurs, the (astronomy, astrology): Chiron, Pholus, other Centauroids Co-rulers (astrology): Before the invention of the telescope, when only the Sun, Moon, and five planets – Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn – were known to exist by European and Near and Middle Eastern cultures, every one of the twelve Signs of the Zodiac had only one ruler, and the five planets each ruled two Signs (with the Sun ruling only Leo and the Moon ruling only Cancer).

When European astronomers began to discover new planets, since none of the Signs was without a ruler, in order to fit the new planets in, astrologically speaking, they had to share dominion over signs already ruled by the traditional planets. Thus Uranus became the ruler of Aquarius, the traditional dominion of Saturn; Neptune became Lord of Pisces, the traditional dominion of Jupiter; and Pluto became the ruler of Scorpio, the traditional dominion of Mars. Many astrologers believe that these Outer Planets have dignities in the other Signs ruled by the planets with which they share dominion over given Signs, i.e., that Uranus also rules Capricorn, traditionally ruled by Saturn; Neptune rules Sagittarius, traditionally ruled by Jupiter; and Pluto rules Aries, traditionally ruled by Mars. In this system, Saturn and Uranus are thus said to co-rule Capricorn and Aquarius; Jupiter and Neptune co-rule Sagittarius and Pisces; and Mars and Pluto co-rule Aries and Scorpio. As an added refinement to the system, Saturn rules Capricorn by day and Aquarius by night, the reverse being true for Uranus; Jupiter is the diurnal lord (see dignity (astrological)) of Sagittarius and the nocturnal lord (see dignity (astrological)) of Pisces, the reverse being the case for Neptune; and Mars is the diurnal lord of Aries and the nocturnal lord of Scorpio, the reverse of the case for Pluto.* *In a variant of that system, Mars is the diurnal lord of Scorpio and the nocturnal lord of Aries, while Pluto rules Aries by day and Scorpio by night. There is a rather nice symmetry to this variant, assigning the diurnal dominion of Aquarius, Pisces, and Aries, and of Scorpio, Sagittarius, and Capricorn respectively to Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, and to Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, so that each set of three planets are assigned consecutive dominions in the same order as their relative distances outward from Sol. More generally speaking, this system can be extended to include all the dignities, both diurnal and nocturnal, such that each pair of planets co-ruling each-other’s rulerships are also exalted and have their esoteric dignities in the same Signs. For example, Mars is exalted in Sagittarius by day and in Virgo by night, falls in Gemini by day and Pisces by night, is esoteric Lord of Capricorn by day and of Leo by night, and has His esoteric detriment in Cancer by day and Aquarius by night; while Pluto is diurnally exalted in Virgo and nocturnally exalted in Sagittarius, has His diurnal fall in Pisces and His nocturnal fall in Gemini, is diurnal esoteric lord of Leo and nocturnal esoteric lord of Capricorn, and has His diurnal esoteric detriment in Aquarius and His nocturnal esoteric detriment in Cancer.* *See Volume I, Appendix F and Volume I, Book 2, Part 3 of New Magicks for a New Age for the entire system of the planetary dignities. In this same system, the Sun and Moon become co-rulers of Cancer and Leo, and each has its other dignities in the same signs the other does, e.g., Luna has Her diurnal exaltation and Sol His nocturnal exaltation together in the sign Taurus, and Their corresponding fall by respectively day and night in Scorpio (see previous footnote). Finally, to date Venus, ruler of Taurus and Libra, and Mercury, ruler of Gemini and Virgo, have no co-rulers. However, to fill out the system of the astrological dignities I have postulated two hypothetical new planets, Persephone and Hera (see Planets (astrological)), assigning Persephone as co-ruler of Mercury’s traditional dominion of Gemini and Virgo, and Hera as co-ruler of Venus’s dominion of Taurus and Libra. It is just possible that appropriate candidates for those hypothetical worlds really exist among the recently discovered trans-Neptunian bodies found in the Kuyper Belt beyond Pluto; or among the family of asteroid/comets with highly irregular orbits lying between those of Jupiter and Neptune, the type and first-discovered member of which is the planetoid Chiron (see Centaur (astronomical)), or in some other part of the Solar System. That, however, still remains to be seen. Combust (astrology): A planet or the Moon is combust when it is within 8° of the Sun. Such close proximity to Sol has an effect on the influences of Luna and the planets very similar to that of Their placement in the Via Combusta. This may not apply to Mars and Pluto: some authorities find that the strength of these two planets is markedly increased by close proximity to the Sun, as long as They and He are within the same Sign.

Since Mars rules fiery conditions of various kinds, while Pluto rules extreme, raw power, including the thermonuclear reactions that power the Sun’s heart, this seems logical. Also, in the cases of Venus and Mercury, this doesn’t apply when these two planets are in superior conjunction with Sol (see Light, increasing and decreasing in). Cusps, House and Sign (astrology): (a) The imaginary line which separates an astrological Sign from an adjoining Sign, or a House from an adjoining one in a horoscope. (b) An indeterminate but finite, small arc contiguous to the boundary-line between adjacent Signs or Houses, wherein there is uncertainty as to a Planet’s or Light’s location at a particular moment, and thus ambiguity as to its influence in a borderline relationship. The most important cusps are the Angles (see Houses), the four cardinal points in a horoscope. The most important of these is the Ascendant, the point at which the First House joins to the Twelfth House of a horoscope, the point rising due East at the time and for the place for which that horoscope is erected; and the Midheaven (sometimes abbreviated as “M.C.,” short for Medium Coeli), the point joining the Ninth and Tenth Houses, which is due South. The other two Angles are the Seventh House cusp, the point of joining of the Sixth and Seventh Houses, or Descendant, just setting at the moment for which the chart is cast; and the Fourth House cusp, or due North point, the join of the Third and Fourth Houses. A natal Planet is stronger when it is on a cusp than when it is in the first degree of a House; the angular cusps are the sharpest in their effects on a planetary placement. Another term for the Ascendant is the Oriens; the Fourth-House cusp is sometimes called the Imum Coeli (I.C.) or Nadir; the Descendant is also referred to as the Occidens. The Ascendant, Midheaven, Descendant, and Nadir are also called the East Horizon, the North Vertical, the West Horizon, and the South Vertical. Aside from Sun and Moon, they are the most powerful and important points in the horoscope. Any planets on the Angles, or within the Houses they represent (the First, Fourth, Seventh, and Tenth), become immensely powerful for good or evil, according to Their natures and aspects to other bodies and points in the chart. DDD Decanate: Decrease, rituals of (Magick): Dignity, dignities: Sign of a Planet’s strength. A Planet or Light is dignified in Signs over which it has mundane or esoteric dominion, or in which it is exalted. The anti-dignities of a Planet or Light are the Signs of its weakness, i.e., its mundane and esoteric detriments and its falls. Divination, divinatory tools: Dwad: EEE Eccentricity, orbital: The variance of that orbit from the perfectly circular, expressed as so many parts per 100, i.e., as a percentage. Eclipses (astronomy, astrology): Lunar and planetary nodes, occultations of stars and planets by the Moon and stars, lunar and solar eclipses, eclipses as seen from other planets. Penumbral, appulse. Ecliptic: Elective astrology: See Astrology. Elements, chemical: Mendeleev’s Periodic Table of the Chemical Elements

Isotopes -- e.g., hydrogen, deuterium, tritium. Hydrogen has one neutron and one electron and thus an atomic weight of a little over 1; deuterium is a form of hydrogen having one proton and one neutron (atomic weight slightly more than that of a proton) and thus an atomic weight of a little over 2; tritium, an isotope of hydrogen with two neutrons, has an atomic weight of a little over 3. The elements Sub-atomic particles: neutron, electron, boson, meson, photon, anti-particles, quark, etc. The proton is the unit of atomic number and thus the chemical identity and behavior of an element (see Quantum Mechanics) Atomic weight: calculated on average weights of the most relatively abundant isotopes of an element, so that a proton, the unit of atomic number and thus of the chemical identity of an element, has an atomic weight that is slightly more than 1 Atomic number (Z-number) Elements, Pythagorean and Taoist: Entropy: Elegance, order, disorder, uncertainty, certainty, (h + r) = 1, information, randomness Eukaryote, prokaryote (biology, histology): A eukaryote is any organism, unicellular or multicellular, whose cells have membrane-bound nuclei and organelles. As opposed to prokaryotes, also called bacteria and monera, unicellular organisms which lack these. FFF Formulas of calculation of various physical variables and mathematical entities: Mathematics e, ln pi (π) hyperfunctions -- sinh, cosh integration, differential, log, ln statistical formulae trigonometric functions Volumes of sphere, pyramid, etc.; areas of circle, triangle, etc. Physical variables Surface gravity Density Escape velocity (from surface of a planet) Acceleration Physical constants Planck’s Constant Avogadro’s Number Solar Constant Functions (mathematics): injective (one-to-one), surjective (onto), bijective (one-to-one and onto); groups, rings, fields, algebras, permutations, other structures; maps: identity, inverse, other; A map between sets – to be a function, such a map must be injective. GGG Great Circle:

HHH Heliacal rising (of Stars) (astronomy, astrology): Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram: A plot of the absolute magnitude of stars against their spectral class. Equivalently, a plot of the luminosity of stars against their surface temperature. In the early 1900s, Ejnar Hertzsprung in Denmark and Henry Norris Russell in the United States independently began to consider how the brightness of stars might be related to their spectra. In 1911, Hertzsprung plotted the apparent magnitudes of stars in several clusters against their spectral class. In 1913, Russell plotted the absolute magnitudes of stars in the solar neighborhood against their spectral class. Both astronomers were quick to emphasize the non-random patterns they saw in the arrangement of the data on these graphs. Such graphs have become extremely important in modern astronomy and are today called Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams. A Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, or H-R diagram, is any graph on which a parameter measuring stellar brightness is plotted against a parameter related to a star’s surface temperature. For example, the ordinate of the graph may be apparent magnitude, absolute magnitude, absolute bolometric magnitude, or luminosity, the abscissa spectral class, color index, or surface temperature. Consider the following two equivalent H-R diagrams, A and B:

A resembles Russell’s original graph. Each dot on it represents a star whose absolute magnitude and

spectral class have been determined from observations. Most of the data lie along a broad line called the Main Sequence (cv.) that extends diagonally across the diagram. The Sun (absolute magnitude +5, spectral type G2) is a typical main sequence star. A second prominent grouping of data points represents very large, cool stars called red giants. In the lower left corner, a third grouping identifies compact, hot stars called white dwarfs. An H-R diagram can also be drawn by plotting the luminosity of stars against their surface temperatures, as shown in diagram B. Notice that temperature increases toward the left. The spectral classes OBAFGKIM constitute a temperature sequence and the first H-R diagrams were drawn with the hot O stars on the left and the cool M stars on the right. These H-R diagrams show that the total range in stellar brightness is 27 magnitudes, corresponding to a factor of 1011 in luminosity, and the range in the surface temperature of stars is from 2,200º K to 50,000º K. The size of a star is related to both its luminosity and its surface temperature, as indicated by the dashed lines. Most main sequence stars are roughly the same size as the sun. White dwarfs are about the same size as the Earth, while red giants and supergiants can be as big as Earth’s orbit around the Sun. The statistical distribution of data on an H-R diagram demonstrates that stars fainter than the Sun are far more numerous than those brighter than the Sun. In a given volume in the solar neighborhood, about 90% of the stars are main sequence stars, about 10% are white dwarfs, and about 1% are red giants or supergiants. The existence of three main groupings on the H-R diagram means that a typical star passes through three very different stages during its life. The temperature of a star changes as it evolves, enabling us to plot the path followed by an evolving star on an H-R diagram. The evolutionary tracks of contracting protostars show that they change rapidly as gravitational contraction compresses and heats their cores. When a protostar’s central temperature reaches several million degrees, hydrogen burning begins, and the evolutionary track stops at the main sequence. Consequently, main sequence stars are comparatively young, and have hydrogen only recently ignited burning at their cores. Pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks deposit new-born stars along the main sequence in agreement with the mass-luminosity relation (the more massive a star is, the brighter it is). Thus the main sequence is a sequence in mass, as well as temperature and luminosity. These tracks also show that the more massive a star is, the more rapidly it evolves.

As a star consumes its store of hydrogen, it gradually brightens and cooler. When its supply of hydrogen is exhausted, the star’s core contracts, its atmosphere expands, and it becomes a red giant. Ageing stars spend their final years as bloated red giants. Massive stars can end their lives with supernova explosions that leave behind neutron stars and black holes. These are detected at non-visible wavelengths, so the H-R diagram has no relevance to the postred giant evolution of massive stars. A star less massive than about three solar masses can eject as much as half its mass at the end of its life, producing a planetary nebula, i.e., a halo of gas and dust surrounding the star in question. The exposed, burnt-out core of the star then contracts to become a white dwarf. Detailed calculations of this process produce evolutionary tracks that rapidly take low-mass stars from the red giant region in the upper right of the H-R diagram to the white dwarf region in the lower left. Stellar evolution calculations relate the H-R diagram to time, so that these graphs can provide information about the ages of stars. Such age dating is especially applicable to star clusters. A very young cluster, such as NGC2362, consists primarily of main sequence stars. However, the more massive a star is, the more rapidly it consumes its core supply of hydrogen and becomes a red giant. Since the main sequence is a progression in stellar mass, the stars are the upper end of the main sequence are the first to leave. As the cluster ages, its main sequence “burns down like a candle” as stars of progressively decreasing mass and luminosity become red giants. For example, M67 is an old cluster because only those stars less massive and luminous than the Sun still remain on its main sequence. Horizontal branch stars, stars aligned along horizontal branches jutting out from the right side of the H-R diagram, are believed to be low-mass stars that have recently ignited helium in their cores via the “helium flash.” In an asymptotic red giant, helium burning occurs in a thin shell surrounding the star’s center. Between the horizontal branch stars and the red giants is a gap. When the evolutionary track of a low-mass star takes it across this region, the star pulsates as an RR Lyrae variable.** This gap is at the lower end of the so-called instability strip, a vertical region in the middle of the H-R diagram where stars are unstable against radical oscillations. When a massive star passes through this region, it pulsates, and is called a Cepheid variable. *A theoretically predicted event in the evolution of a lower-mass star. After the hydrogen in its core has been exhausted and the star has become a red giant, the central temperature will rise to the point at which helium fusion suddenly begins. It is unlikely that the explosion will reach the surface of such a star. In a more massive star, helium fusion begins gradually because of different conditions in its core. **RR Lyrae variables are often called short-period Cepheids or cluster-type variables, which have Cepheid-like variations in luminosity but with extremely short periods of a fraction of a day. These rapidly pulsating stars have light curves that differ from the classical Cepheids. Most rise very quickly to maximum brightness in only a tenth or less of their total period. Their minima are comparatively prolonged, so that for a few hours their light remains constant. Their spectral types range from A to F. They are giants; those in our galaxy belong to spherical clusters

Horary astrology: Houses: Houses of Life, Substance, Memory/Emotion, Relation; Mode (Angular, Succeedent, Cadent) The Heavens -- Northern Signs -- Summer Signs -- Night Houses -- the Revealed -- realm of humanity The Hells -- Southern Signs -- Winter Signs -- Day Houses -- the Concealed -- realm of the Gods Shemhamforash -- the 36 Just Men (Northern Houses) and their Wives )Southern Houses -- the Babylonian system of the decanates, North and South Hydrosphere: That portion of Gaia comprising all her water, including oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, underground water, water vapor, etc.

Hypernova: An exceptionally powerful supernova, possibly as the result of the collapse of an extremely large young star. Explosions a hundred times more energetic than supernovae and the possible source of powerful gamma ray bursts (GRB), making them the most energetic events known in the Universe other than the Big Bang. Hypernovae were first proposed by Bohdan Paczynski of Princeton University in 1998 as a way to explain GRBs, which were initially discovered by U.S. military Vela satellites in the 1960s. With an explosion energy orders of magnitude greater than a canonical supernova, hypernovae are likely related to the formation of black holes, possibly due to the collapse of massive stars and/or their mergers with dense, or compact, objects. This scenario has become particularly attractive because of the evidence that GRBs appear close to massive star-forming regions where such activity is likely to occur. But astronomers still know little about the true nature of GRBs or hypernovae. “I suspect GRBs may well be just a tip of an iceberg, as we have no clue why some explosions generate so much gamma-ray emission,” Paczynski said. For example, the brightest GRB known, the recently observed GRB 990123, represents more energy than any one star could produce, assuming the radiation astronomers saw left its source in all directions. One explanation for all this energy is that the radiation was actually confined into a beam during the explosion. This concentration of energy is known as the beaming effect, which may significantly affect the energy estimate of a GRB. For example, the brightest GRB known, the recently observed GRB 990123, represents more energy than any one star could produce, assuming the radiation astronomers saw left its source in all directions. One explanation for all this energy is that the radiation was actually confined into a beam during the explosion. This concentration of energy is known as the beaming effect, which may significantly affect the energy estimate of a GRB. “By studying remnants of GRBs or hypernovae in nearby galaxies, we can calculate their explosion energies without the beaming effect,” Wang said. “We can also examine the environment of the explosions to infer their true nature.” The environment of NGC5471B is a star-forming region. The event that produced NGC5471B, Wang said, was therefore most likely the collapse of a massive star. Indeed, M101 is one of a few nearby galaxies with vigorous ongoing star formation. This explains why one single galaxy could contain two relatively rare hypernova remnants with ages less than about a million years. Although a hypernova remnant may last tens of million years, it does not shine as gloriously as the initial explosion. In fact, the two hypernova remnants cannot be seen in a typical visual picture in optical light. But they are visible in X-ray and in emission lines from some specific atomic transitions. “We have used a combination of tools to uncover these remnants,” said Wang, “just like doing archaeology.” Wang's observations were based primarily on data from the German/US/UK joint mission ROSAT X-ray satellite, while Chu's observations were from the Hubble Space Telescope and the 4-m telescope at Kitt Peak National Optical Astronomical Observatory. See, e.g., NASA Science News, April 14, 1999 (http://exosci.com/adsystem.cgi?http://www.exosci.com/). Hypersea: The sum total of plant, animal, protoctistan, and fungal life on land, plus any viral or bacterial symbionts or parasites living in intimate association with the tissues of these organisms. It doesn’t include the bacterial component of the terrestrial biota that was able to survive on land before the first land plants appeared, and therefore doesn’t include the sort of bacterial communities that flourished there before the invasion of their habitat by plants, animals and fungi, such as microbial mats and rock varnish microbes. Land biota has had to find ways to carry the sea within it and, in addition, to construct watery conduits from point to point. To do so, this biota has evolved one entirely new kingdom of life of tremendous importance: the fungi. Without the web of fungal hyphae in forest soils there would likely be no trees. The anastomosing (merging) habits of fungi and their unique enzymatic capabilities enable them to surround the surfaces of tiny particles of rock, extracting crucial nutrients, and then to probe or infest the tissues of tree rootlets to deliver those nutrients to them in exchange for carbohydrates manufactured by the partner tree. Land organisms have necessarily evolved together as part of a greater interconnected mass of living cells. In moving out of marine waters, complex life has taken the sea beyond the sea and folded it back inside itself to form Hypersea. Land biota may then be regarded in a new way: as an interaction of cells that is far more than just an aggregation of organisms that succeeded independently in finding ways to live on land rather than in the sea. This concept of the Hypersea encourages us to view the mass of terrestrial organisms as a geophysical phenomenon with unique properties of mass and velocity. Hypersea, more dispersed than, say, the Alps, is far more geochemically important, for it has a far greater affect on the distribution and movement of molecules on Earth’s surface. Plants and land animals thus belong to the same collective, and ought to be considered parts of a unified whole. Cases of parasitism and disease are related by

Hypersea perspective to examples of mutualistic symbioses where the hosts and symbionts both benefit by living together. Natural selection evokes interesting phenomena within organisms. Hypersea is a biogeophysical entity composed of the bodies and fluids of all eukaryotic land organisms and their symbionts. Second, Hypersea is a scientific theory. Either the symbiotic interconnectedness of land organisms is the major factor responsible for the high diversity and vast biomass of terrestrial biota, or something else is. Evaluation of this last constitutes the core of any research program that the Hypersea theory might inspire. Third, Hypersea is a perspective or scientific outlook on land biota that enables one to ask questions about it that one might not otherwise have thought to ask. See Mark McMenamin and Dianna McMenamin, Hypersea: Life on Land (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994). III Increase, rituals of (Magick): KKK Kuyper Disc LLL Light (astrology): The Sun, the only member of the solar system which gives off light produced by itself; and the Moon, Whose apparent radius as seen with the naked eye from Earth is on average identical to that of the Sun, so that She is thus larger than any of the Planets. These two bodies are also frequently referred to as planets by astrologers, but generally only in reference to a collection of bodies in the solar system that include either or both of Them but also one or more others. MMM Madness, synonyms for: A couple of angstroms off cyan** After his brain was assembled, they found a bucket of leftover parts* At least three hues over the rainbow Half a bubble off level** Her lucky number is pi** His lucky number is ex + i√2 His hat is short a couple of layers of aluminum foil** His mind is a fifty-yard mile* His orbit is subject to strong tidal effects** If sanity was gunpowder, he’d fizzle* Not playing with a full deck Not the sharpest hypodermic in the alley** Several comets short of a K-T event Several dozen pixels shy of a full screen Several million ants shy of a good picnic Several screwdrivers shy of a toolbox Several trillion googols shy of a googolplex Sniffed a few too many tubes of glue Stairs don’t go all the way to the top When they put the hardware in his skull, they decided to let the chips fall where they may** *Thanks to Rich Ransdell **Thanks to John Burt

Magnitude, absolute magnitude (astronomy): The magnitude of an astronomical body is its brightness, measured on an inverse logarithmic scale. An apparent magnitude of 1 is exactly 100 times brighter than magnitude 6, each magnitude being 2.512 (e1) times brighter than the next. Magnitudes brighter than 0 are minus figures. Thus, e.g., Sirius’s magnitude is -1.4, and Sol’s is -26.8; the faintest objects yet photographed are magnitude 26 and higher. The absolute magnitude (M) of a body is the visual magnitude which it would have at a standard distance of 10 parsecs (32.6 light-years). If m = apparent magnitude and r = distance in parsecs, M = m + 5 - 5 log r. Malefic (astrology): See Planets. Mundane astrology: Mutual reception: NNN Native (astrology): The subject of a horoscope. Nativity, natus (astrology): Natal chart. Noachian (planetary science): This term is taken from the story of Noah and the Flood in the Old Testament book of Genesis. Used scientifically, it refers to eras dating back to the establishment of a planet’s first definitely solid crust, the impacting of that crust by meteor and cometary bombardment from outer space, and the first traces of life on that world, if any. For a highly enjoyable fictional exploration of this aspect of planetary evolution, see Kim Stanley Robinson’s trilogy Red Mars, Green Mars, and Blue Mars, (New York: Bantam, respectively1993, 1994, 1995), in which the probable nature of the Noachian era on Mars is mentioned and described. Nodes (astrology, astronomy): See Eclipses. OOO Occam’s Razor (philosophy of science): A principle first formulated as such by the English philosopher William of Ockham (c. 1235 - c. 1349; the spelling of name varies), frequently used in analyzing scientific and practical problems. According to this principle, the best explanation of an event is the one which is the simplest, using the fewest assumptions or hypotheses. It is often formulated as “Do not multiply assumptions unnecessarily.” Oört-Öpik Cloud: The Dutch astronomer Jan Oört hypothesized that there is a more or less spherical “cloud” of comets orbiting the Sun at a distance of between 30,000 and 100,000 AU. If a comet in this “cloud” is perturbed for any reason, perhaps by a passing star or even a remote planetary body, it may move in toward the Sun. If it is then perturbed by a planet – usually Jupiter – it may be captured and put into a short-period orbit. Alternatively it may be expelled from the Solar System altogether, or else simply returns to the Oört Cloud, not to return to the inner Solar System for an immensely long span of time. As yet, there is only rather sparse supporting evidence that such a cometary “cloud” exists in our Solar System, but the theory does seem to fit the facts as we know them at present. Indeed, as our Solar System bobs up and down through the plane of the galaxy on its long, long revolution around the galactic center, from which it lies about 20,000 light-years out, it must from time to time pass through the giant clouds of cold molecular gas that fill some areas of our galaxy, especially in its outer arms, where our own Solar System lies. In addition, it must occasionally come near enough to other stellar systems to perturb the bodies in the outer reaches of those systems, including any comets they might harbor there. It is therefore likely that occasionally our Sun captures comets from other stellar systems, or from swarms of them lying within cold molecular clouds, and that these comets would then join the population of comets in the Sun’s Oört-Öpik Cloud. At such times, the capture of new comets would likely involve the jostling of comets already in orbit around the Sun by the newcomers. As

a result, some older comets would either be kicked out of the Solar System entirely by such chance encounters, while others would thereby be batted into the inner parts of the Solar System. Indeed, the astronomers Victor Clube and William Napier, in their books The Cosmic Serpent (London: Faber and Faber, 1982) and The Cosmic Winter (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990), postulate cycles of greater and lesser fluxes of comets into the inner Solar System due to the Sun’s capture of comets from beyond the Solar System of 15 and 33 million years’ length, tying these to cycles of great extinctions on our planet going back to the dawn of Earth’s life. See Comets, Asteroids, Comet impacts, ain Soph. Orbit (astronomy): Eccentricity, inclination Other Side, The (Sitra Achra): The Hell Universe, Hell Dimension, Hell Plane of Being. PPP Panspermia theory: Originally proposed by Svante August Arrhenius, who held that life was originally brought to Earth by way of a meteorite. Paraävian: A non-terrestrial organism with animalian metabolism and tissues and general conformation and functions like those of terrestrial birds. Parameter: Definition Perihelion (astronomical): Location in a planetary orbit of closest approach to the Sun. Phases, Lunar (astrology, astronomy): Waxing Moon, waning Moon. Phases, planetary (astronomy, astrology): Phases of moons relative to their primaries (astronomy, astrology): New, crescent, first quarter, balsamic, gibbous, full, dark Moon, werewolf Moon (see q.v., “Eclipse,” “Nodes”) Waxing -- moving toward full from new, growing in brightness Waning, moving from full to new, lessening in brightness Gibbous -- about halfway between a quarter and full Planetary year (astronomy): Planetary (astrology): Ages of Man: Angels: Colors: Days (ruled by): See Volume I, Book 2 for Planetary rulers of the days and hours Flavors: Forms: Jewels and precious stones: Metals: Motions: Converse: Direct: Diurnal: Hourly: Rapt, raptus: Re-direct: Retrograde: Slow of course:

Stationary: Stations, in retrograde (stationary retrograde, or SR, and stationary direct, or SD): Swift in Motion: Objects and substances: Pathology: Patterns: E.g., checks, plaids, etc. Periods, or cycles: Physiology: Physiques: Significators: Horary interpretations: Mundane interpretations: Spirits: Vegetation and herbs: Vocations and avocations: Planetary Years: Planetary dignities (astrology): Disposition, mutual reception, mutual (reciprocal) disposition Sign/House dignities -- hegemonies -- dominions -- strengths: mundane Lord, ruler, dominion, hegemony, essential dignity; exaltation; esoteric Lord or ruler Sign/House weaknesses -- debilities -- detriments: mundane detriment, fall, esoteric detriment When a Planet is in a House ruled by a Sign in which that Planet is strong, the Planet is said to be accidentally dignified to the same degree and in the same way as it would be if it were in that Sign Planetary pattern: A symmetrical arrangement of two or more planets or sensitive points around a common axis (see Nicholas de Vore for the rest). Planets (astrology): slow in motion, swift in motion; increasing, decreasing in light; Benefics, Malefics; peregrine: retrograde; combust, under the Sun Beams, Cazimi (within 17’ of arc of the Sun); Outer Planets; androgynous; barren and fruitful; cold and hot; diurnal and nocturnal; dry and moist; electric and magnetic; masculine and feminine; morning and evening (matitutinal and nocturnal); superior and inferior. Superior: Waning -- moving from opposition to conjunction Waxing -- moving from conjunction to opposition Combust Full = opposition = Planet’s greatest (esoteric) power (in ritual) = retrograde motion New = conjunction = Planet’s least (esoteric, ritual) power = direct motion Inferior: Waning -- moving from superior conjunction to inferior conjunction Waxing -- moving from inferior conjunction to superior conjunction Combust – inferior conjunction – New Planets, inside orbit of observer, relative to Sun: See Planets (astrology). Planets, physical measures (astronomy): Ellipticity: ratio of polar to equatorial diameter of a planet Albedo: Reflectivity of a surface, the percentage of visible light falling on it reflected away rather than transmitted or absorbed by that surface. The percentage of light reflected back to space from the surface of a Planet Plate tectonics (planetary science): Polynomials: See also Numbers, bases. Precession (of axis of rotation of a planet) (astronomy):

Progressions: Primary, secondary, others – see also list given in Halloran software, other sources. A progression of a chart is a chart erected for a date that is as many days, months, or other time-unit (and fractions thereof) after a given birth-date and time as the age in years (and fractions thereof) of the subject of the original chart. There are several types of progressions, the two basic ones being the primary and secondary. In the primary progression, first the angular distance the Sun will have moved through the Signs in that number of days after the original time and date is calculated; then that arc is added to (or subtracted from) every point in the chart. In effect, a primary progression is a rotation backwards or forwards of the chart relative to itself by an amount equal to the number of degrees the Sun will have moved along the Ecliptic from His original position to the one on which He stood as many days (and fractions thereof) after the original date & time as actual years (and fractions thereof) have elapsed since then. The aspects which significant points in the progressed chart make to those in the original are then analyzed to see what is likely to occur within the next 12 months after the time for which the progressed chart is erected. In the secondary progression, for a given number of years (and fractions thereof) after the original time and date of a given birth or event, a transit chart (what is going on in the sky at the time) for the same number of days (and fractions thereof) after the time and date of the original chart is erected. Aspects of points in it to those in the original are then analyzed to see what they portend for the future. Planets and points in secondary progressions are not all the same arc-length from their original positions, as they are in primary progressions. Both types of progression work, but a given astrologer usually finds it easier to work with one technique than with the other. Other useful types of progression include the Lunar progression, especially useful for working with charts pertaining to women as well as meteorological (weather) and earthquake charts, the “4 minutes on the Midheaven per year” technique of erecting a chart for a time equal to the original time and date plus the number of years (and fractions) after it under consideration, times four minutes; and several others. If you like, I can go into each of them, their pros and cons and various uses at length some other time, but to save space now I’ll just say that there are three types of Lunar progression: in the first, for every year after birth, a chart is calculated for that many calendrical months after the original time and date; in the second, for ever year after the original time and date, a chart is calculated for that many synodical months, based on the time it takes for the Moon to go from a given phase back to that phase (e.g., full-tofull, new-to-new); in the third, the Lunar-sidereal month -- the time it takes for Luna, as seen from Earth against the background of the Fixed Stars, to go once completely around the Zodiac and return to Her starting point -- is used rather than the Synodical month, but otherwise the two techniques are identical. Now, as to why Philadelphia: progressed charts are always erected for the same place as that of the original ones. In this case, that of the U.S. natal chart, the place of our nation’s birth was Independence Hall, Philadelphia, PA. So the place of any progressions of that chart is always Philadelphia, PA. QQQ Querent, quesited (horary astrology, Tarot, other forms of divination): RRR

SSS Scalar: In, on, or involving a scale or scales. In mathematics, designating or of a quantity that has magnitude but no given direction in space, as volume, temperature, or mass. Noun: a scalar quantity: distinguished from vector. Scattered disk (astronomy): Collection of icy planetisimals in high-eccentricity orbits in the ecliptic plane beyond Neptune. Objects in the scattered disk may be escapees from the Kuyper Belt and/or may be scattered Uranus-Neptune planetisimals. Semimajor axis (astronomy): One-half of the major axis of an elliptical orbit. The semimajor axis is commonly thought of as the average distance between an object and the body about which it is in orbit. Shemhamforash (Qaballah): See Signs.

Sidereal month: Sidereal year: Sign, signs (astrology): See also Zodiac, Tropical. General astrological/alchemical classification: Ascending vs. Descending; Barren/Sterile vs. Fruitful/Fecund; Bestial vs. Human; Bicorporeal (Double-Bodied); Bitter (Aries, Leo, Sagittarius) vs. Sweet (Gemini, Libra, Aquarius); Boreal (Northern); Broken vs. Whole or Perfect; Perfect vs. Imperfect; Brutish; Changeable; Choleric; Cold vs. Hot; Commanding (Northern); Common (Mutable); Conceptive (Fixed, Cherubic); Crooked; Diurnal (positive) vs. Nocturnal (Negative); Dry vs. Moist; Dual, or Double-bodied (Bicorporeal); Dumb (Mute) (the Water Signs); Effeminate – said of the sign Pisces); Equinoctial (Aries & Libra) vs. Tropical (Cancer & Capricorn); Estival (Summer) vs. Hiemal, Hyemal (Winter); Feminine (Negative); Feral (Bestial); Flexed (Mutable); Fortunate (Positive); Four-Footed (Aries, Taurus, Leo, Sagittarius, Capricorn); Fruitful vs. Barren; Hoarse (Mute) (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces); Idle (Pisces); Long Ascension (Ascension); Luxurious (Aries); Masculine (Positive); Melancholy (Earth Signs); Moveable (Cardinal Signs); Negative (Earth and Water) vs. Positive (Fire and air); Northern vs. Southern; Obeying, Obedient (The Southern Signs); Masculine vs. Feminine; Ruminant (Aries, Taurus, Capricorn); Short Ascension; Speaking (Voice); Sympathetic (Signs of the same polarity, consisting of each opposition Sign: Air and Fire, or Earth and Water. Some confine the term to those Signs which together form either a trine or sextile. Planets in trine are always in the same element; those in sextile, are in elements that are sympathetic); Violent (those in which the Malefics are strong: Aries, Leo, Libra, Scorpio, Capricorn, Aquarius, and possibly also Gemini and Virgo; also applied to parts of Signs in which are any remarkably violent stars, such as Caput Algol in 26° Taurus); Vital (Fire Signs, so termed not because they have more vitality, but because they spend it to excess, hence are often prone to anemia and nervous debility. Since the measure of lung capacity in actual use is the index to vital energy, one must limit this classification to a certain psychological quality of vitality or “punch”); Voice (Gemini, Libra, the latter part of Virgo, and the first part of Sagittarius, since, when any of these are on the Ascendant, with Mercury or the Moon well-placed and unafflicted, this indicates someone with a strong talent for speaking or oratory. Some authorities include Aquarius); Whole (Taurus, Gemini, Leo, Scorpio, Sagittarius, and Aquarius, also termed Strong Signs, since the Sun in these Signs, unafflicted or rising, gives a strong body and greater powers of endurance). Element: Fire, Air, Water, Earth Mode (Cardinal/Moveable, Fixed/Cherubic, Mutable/Common) Cardinal Fire. Ascending, barren (this one is questionable), bestial, bitter, boreal (Northern; also called commanding), choleric, diurnal, dry, equinoctial, fiery, four-footed, hot, inspirational (spiritual or moral), intellectual, luxurious, movable (Cardinal), positive (diurnal, fortunate, masculine), short ascension, ruminant, violent, vital. Cardinal (Movable) Water (emotional, esthetic, psychic); boreal (Northern, commanding), broken (imperfect, mutilated), descending, estival (maternal = Summer Signs), fruitful, long ascension, moist, mute (dumb, hoarse), negative (cold, feminine, nocturnal, unfortunate), phlegmatic, tropical, weak. The Heavens – Northern Signs – Summer Signs – Night Houses – the Revealed – realm of humanity The Hells – Southern Signs – Winter Signs – Day Houses – the Concealed – realm of the Gods Shemhamforash – the 36 Just Men (Northern Houses) and their Wives )Southern Houses – the Babylonian system of the decanates, North and South Soliton: A solitary, traveling wave pulse solution of nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE). The nonlinearity will play a significant role. For most dispersive evolution equations these solitary waves would scatter inelastically and lose ‘energy’ due to the radiation. Not so for the solitons: after a fully nonlinear interaction, the solitary waves remerge, retaining their identities with same speed and shape. It should have remarkable stability properties. Stability plays a important role in soliton physics. For a more detailed description of a soliton, see article on same in Dragon Physics.

Spacetime: Specific gravity (physical chemistry): The ratio of the weight or mass of a given volume of a substance to that of an equal volume of another substance (water, for liquids and solids ; air or hydrogen for gases) used as a standard. Stars (astronomy): Main sequence: Sol-sized Stars begin small and cool and grow hotter and larger as they grow older Luminosity Temperatures: core, surface Proper motion Magnitude Precession Stars, Fixed (astronomy, astrology: Spica, Algol, Arcturus, Aldebaran, Regulus, Fomalhaut, Sirius (Thoth, the Star of Magick) SubGenius, Church of the: It has been claimed that the ultimate aim of the Church of the SubGenius is to get people to think for themselves – or at the very least, to pull the wool over their own eyes, themselves, rather than relying on various sorts of con-artists (“politicians,” “clergy,” “mystics,” “New Age gurus,” etc.) to do it for them. It has been said of the Church that it is in fact trying, via all sorts of Nasrudinoid, Crowleyan, Neumanish ploys sneakily disguised as “entertainment,” “parties,” “jokes,” etc., to get people to not only ask for themselves such questions as, “Since specialization came to be, and for ages long served to bind people more closely together – HOWCUM it now functions only to alienate them from one another and drive them far apart spiritually?”, “HOWCUM the more we Progress, the Shittier everything gets?”, “HOWCUM I pay more and more for less and less”, and “Who the FUCK is RUNNING this show, anyway?!”, but actually go out and get the answers for themselves, the real answers to these questions . . . and then act on what they find out, on their own initiative. All life on Earth – including Homo sapiens – has been so badly gene-damaged and brain-warped by everything from radioactive fallout to dioxin and silver iodide in the watersheds from whence cometh the runoff that we store and use as our drinking- and cookingwater, to DDT, BHT, Red Dye No. 7, and various nitrates in what passes in our “food,” to the atrocious television programming and disinformation bombardment that daily batters our minds and judgment from all sides and all media, that we are already living in Post-Apocalyptic times, denizens of a brave New Earth (whether or not with equally valiant New Heavens to match!), for whom the oldtime cultures, churches, politics, and so on simply won’t work any more. We are all therefore sadly in need of brand-new institutions to cope with this staggering astral-body-burden of Future Shock. It has been claimed that to this end, J. R. “Bob” Dobbs, Head High Epopt and founder of the Church of the SubGenius, has declared, “I want to do for mutants what Disney did for kids.”2 In short, it has been claimed that the Lords of Chaos have opened the gates on Infinity for this planet, to

. . . a seething, noisome vortex of grinning Chaos that can reach out with titanic, sizeless hands and twist the fabric of time and space if so inclined . . . a hulking dread that literally inhabits each and every one of us to some unguessable extent. The Book of the SubGenius, First Edition, p. 38 If we and this poor, battered, gutted, sick world of ours are to have any chance at all of survival into the centuries ahead, we’d bloody well better do our ultimate best to GROW THE FUCK UP: we who do the living and the dying had better take back the power of life and death and the responsibility for our lives and souls and ACT on it, use our minds and hearts and spirit for what they were MEANT for instead of clinging to the gutters of spiritual poverty, complacently retreating to the back-wards of life as self-willed imbeciles, happily rotting away in the sewers of the soul and letting the treasures of our hearts putrefy into psychic pus and then turn to dust and blow away on the winds of Eternity! THIS, it has been claimed, is what the Church of the SubGenius is all about: To give this planet a real choice, instead of the same old echo that has been all it’s had for millennia, so that, for those who truly Will to follow it out of the gutter-mud of “civilized” despairing complacency, there is a real road out to the stars. Of course, that’s all a crock of shit. It would be an offense to Reason, Right-Thinkingness, and the Laws of Nature to believe that anything like that could exist! Why, it would spell the End of Civilization as We Know It! No one would want anything to do with it, however low and perverted and warped he or she might otherwise be, anyway. No, friend, just disregard those ugly rumors: they’re all just so much Pink flapdoodle, to distract the Yetinsyny3 who might otherwise investigate the Church and decide to join by turning them thoroughly OFF from the whole idea BEFORE they ever take a look at it. What, then, is the Church of the SubGenius? When, where, and how did it originate? At whose instigation? Why was it formed, and what are its purposes? The Church of the SubGenius was founded by one J. R. “Bob” Dobbs, who, up until the 1950s, was just a young nobody who made his sparse, intermittent living as an odd-jobber and part-time salesman. But in that strange era just after the opening of the Atomick Age, but prior to the inception of the Spaced Age and the Cybernetic Age, Dobbs suddenly found himself inflicted with an Emaculation, a series of visions concerning the history and the future of this planet and our own species. These visions were so awesome, frightening, and urgent that he was impelled to found the Church of the SubGenius in order to alert the world to what lay in wait, just around the Apocalyptic corner, in the 1990s; and to gather together those with eyes to hear and footglands to psmell, instruct them in the wisdom imparted to him in his Emaculation, and thus do all that could be done to save at least a small but deserving remnant from otherwise certain extinction. Throughout our planet’s history, he learned from these visions, the destinies of Earth, and in particular of our own species have been shaped and manipulated by extraterrestrial influences. The foremost of these have been the mad machinations of an E.T.J.D. whom we know as JHVH-1, who, having created our world as the result of a bar-bet, has taken great amusement ever since in diddling his creation in the most sinister ways possible. This “mad alien from some cor-

porate sin galaxy” is at one and the same time the Author of all our destinies and the ultimate underlying Prime Mover of all the conspiracies, evil conclaves, and sinister covens that have ever existed, from the Old Man of the Mountain to the Trilaterals to the Aldebaranian Snake-Men, the Deros, the UFO-AIDS-plague creators and disseminators, and, worst of all, the American Cardboard Box Manufacturer’s Association. And yet . . . And yet, as the Bible of SubGenius, The Book of the SubGenius, has to say: . . . Oh, all that that right-wing stuff about the Council on Foreign Relations is true enough. The world is run by rich, old, white, ugly men . . . but they’re just the plant supervisors of this Hell Factory Earth . . .. Ibid., p. 45 In short, the worst scenario you could possibly think of in your wildest, Acid-spawned, paranoid-schizophrenic fever-dream fantasy falls far, far short of the true horror of the reality. The UFO-kidnap cases – the microwave/Bakelite traps from the fractal Cosmoid dimension – the Venus fortune-cookies – these are the very least of it! The Hollow Earth Nazis are merely the gofers, the email-room crew for the real villains . . . who are the ones you don’t see, and never will.. If you’re lucky. The true owners of this world. Oh, yes, friends, this world is on a downhill skid to Hell – and Pink Boyz, the fat, dumb, and happy dupes, agents, and front-men of the Conspiracy, have bought themselves first-class tickets on that little old Down-Bound Train! If we would be spared the horrors about to be visited upon an unrepentant, smugly comfortable, Slackless world, we have to WAKE UP!, absorb the message that Slack-Master Dobbs has tried so heartbreakingly hard to get across to us all these years, and act NOW to turn this world around and get it on a new heading, before doom falls on us all. And time’s-a-wastin’! On July 5, 1998, at 7 o’clock a.m. (that’s Central Daylight Pink Time, folks, i.e., at the meridian of Dallas, Texas, USA), still other space aliens, the Xists, will land on Earth, to judge the Quick and the Dumb. When the crunch comes, will we be ready by then to return with them to our true homes, our True Selves – as Stars, among the Stars? . . . Or will we be stomped back into primordial goo like so many cockroaches in the kitchen of a chef mad for hygiene, ready to serve as the raw material for another start at it all over again?!? Only if J. R. “Bob” Dobbs has succeeded in his desperate, Augean labors, and it is clear even to the alien tri-fold pnostrils of the E. T. Xists that the world belongs to the SubGenii, and to the Muthuh Church of SubGenius – one world, gathered lovingly into the folds of the all-embracing fleece of one World Religion – will we be safe. And, even then, our enemies, the Pinks, and the “Bobbies,” the Pseudo-Subs, will be out in the cold – will never be allowed aboard those great Golden Ships in the Sky at any price. No, only the true elect, those saved in “Bob”, will be aboard the Xist saucers on that terrifying, glorious Day of Days! And the rest of Homo so-called sapiens?

. . . Well, where does the candle-flame go when it’s – blown out? But how will the Xists know? How will they separate the Pinkfleeced psheep from the SubGoats? By one simple criterion: Slack. What is Slack? Slack is . . . . . . never having to say you’re sorry. – Or even secretly think it. Slack is the Golden Fleece, the Pot of Gold at the end of the Rainbow, the Piper at the Gates of Dawn, the Ultimate Orgasm, winning the Irish Sweepstakes, the Ultimate Cancer cure, the stingless honey-bee, a 100% successful cure for AIDS, a 101% successful cure for horniness, seeing your worst enemy go roaring off a cliff – in your second-worst enemy’s brand-new Porsche, finding somebody to scratch your back exactly where it itches, five more minutes in bed, finding nobody is in the john when you have to pee in the worst way – in short, what you’d sell your soul to get . . . without having to sell your soul to get it. All true SubGenii are dedicated to Life, Liberty, and the Eternal Pursuit of Slack. Slack is to the Muthuh Church what Grace is to Christianity, Nirvana is to Buddhism, Submission to the Will of Allah is to Islam, Thelema is to Crowleyanity, and Agape is to Thelema – the ultimate goal and crown of existence. This attitude cannot be faked. SubGenii, descendants of the noble Yeti (however bastardized by the genetic taint of Homo sap they may be) seek Slack by instinct. Pinks, on the other hand, believe in work. Selling (out) their libidos to the Conspiracy in exchange for the Nice, the Pleasing, the Comfy, Normalcy, Pinks labor for their False God, Calvin the Mammonite, with a good will, a hey nonny-nonny, and a happy heart, knowing, like the good little ants they are, that come winter-time they will be on the warm, cozy inside looking out – at all us poor, freezing, starving grasshoppers. . . . Never noticing, or caring, that somehow it’s always they, not us, who seem to get the majority of heart-attacks, cancers, perforated ulcers, children who hate them, permanent nervous breakdowns, suicidal depressions, and Screaming Indigo Mid-Life Horrors. After all, it has been they, not us, who’ve been able to buy all those keen Yuppie toys, from a houseful of slaves and seventy on-call courtesans of all sexes ‘way back there in Nineveh, Tyre, and Babylon, to a stableful of racing-chariots and race-horses and the jockeys to go with them in Old Imperial Rome, to fine Swiss watches and a brace of pistols with silver-chased grips in 17th and 18th Century Europe and America, to their very own desk-top computer systems, swimmingpools, and boxed sets of custom-made vibrators of every shape and style, today. Hasn’t the world always been their oyster, not ours? Yes – but not for very damned much longer. For in just a few more short, fleeting years, the Xists will land, and then – and THEN . . . then all those pretty toys and constipated attitudes and Normal life-styles won’t be worth a red-hot revolving fart in a hurricane: only Slack – and those who cherish it – will survive the Millennial Maelström that will be visited on this poor suffering world on that day, that great day, that GLORIOUS DAY – (*)! (Kaff . . . Somebody, please pour me a glass of water from that pitcher over there, would you? – Thanks . . .) Anyway, only SubGenii will MAKE it on that day when “Bob” gathers his faithful to his capacious, voracious bosom and, with them, takes off for the stars! Until then, what can we do? First, understand and ACT on the Four Divine Rules of SubGenius:

The first Rule is: “Too Much Is Always Better Than Not Enough.” The second Rule is: “If you can’t tell shit from tunafish, DON’T order seafood in a French restaurant.” The third Rule is: “Anyone you see driving a Porsche DOESN’T DESERVE IT.” And last, but certainly not least: “If you don’t have a sense of humor, DON’T TRY TO BE FUNNY!!!” Second, take to heart that Golden Maxim of the “Bob”: “FUCK ‘EM if they can’t take a joke!” And third, understand that while the ways of the world may be Pink, even so, the money of the Conspiracy is green. This understanding leadeth to the Way of True Slack. And what about all those claims, those allegations about the true nature, aims, and policies of the Church of the SubGenius? Those irresponsible rumors and rumblings of revolutionary revelations quoted at the beginning of this article? Why, don’t you believe a word of it! How could it be? For don’t you see . . . if people really thought for themselves, rather than merely deciding which bit of cultural junk soul-food to trot out from moment to moment on their mental Lazy Susans – why, the next thing you know, we’d have real freedom! And how could anyone ever stand that hellacious burden?! . . . You will pay to know what you really think! – Or kill me.
1 Rather, the interested reader can, for a mere $30 of their hardearned, blood-stained, sweat-soaked Slack, send away to the SubGenius Foundation in Dallas, Texas, USA, the Silver Lone Star Capital of the Inner Order of the New Aeon of Odin,** for a full, lifetime. membership in the Church of the SubGenius. Or, for just $15† (again, the same numismatic considerations apply), he or she can obtain from the same address a copy of The Book of the SubGenius, which goes into all of this in full, bullshattering detail, leaving the reader totally confused.

*American currency or international postal money-orders only, please! Those outside the United States should add something extra for postage, if possible. Postal money-orders, Traveler’s Checks, checks drawn on banks in the United States are preferable to notes and coins, which often become lost in the mail, but these are nice, too . . . assuming they escape the greasy clutches of the Mailgate Daemons and arrive safely. **See the glossary at the end of this paper for the full address of the SubGenius Foundation. †Until next year’s dues come due and prices go up, that is. – Don’t kvetch over the price! With inflation, in just a few more years it’ll go up to $23 – not to mention the $93 which authentic High Church Initiation is gonna ding those frantic, desperate, wannabe Saved-in-”Bob” by June 1998, just before the Xist Muthuh Ship lands in Dallas! I am indebted for this bit of Dobbsiana to Reverend Doktor Ivan Stang, Sacred Scribe of the Muthuh Church, who had the wit to record

this some time ago. Otherwise, after the untimely, stunning martyrdom of “Bob” in early 1984, this and much else of the Master’s sayings would have been lost to us forever, for which the whole world would have been much poorer.

See the glossary, below.

“Bob”: J. R. “Bob” Dobbs. Born October 29, 1929 (possibly in Los Angeles, California, USA, about dawn; records are uncertain); died January 21, 1984, at 11:30 p.m., in San Francisco, California, victim of the bullets from the gun of an Unknown Assassin. While a young itinerant salesman and television repairman eking out a bare living in the 1950s, this American Boddhisvata experienced a series of Visions or Emaculation by which was revealed to him the Ultimate Truth Behind Everything, plus a good recipe for tuna casserole. Impelled by the urgent power of these visions, he founded the Church of the SubGenius, to prepare humanity for the hell about to descend on the world during the closing years of the 20th century, and give our poor, battered little planet a chance in the coming End Times lurking just around Time’s cruel corner to wreak havoc upon it – and us. Bobbies: The fake SubGenii. Those who think that the Path to Slack is paved with ejaculation of SubGenius slogans, weird behavior, Subtrendy clothing, and so on. Those who espouse SubGenius orthodoxy, who do not understand that those who would truly cherish “Bob” must kill him. – As many times, as messily, and as soul-satisfyingly thoroughly as possible, until even the remotest tinge of Pinkness, taken by “Bob” onto his broad shoulders as he descends into SubGenial Avernus (only to cum again on the third day) is thereby completely purged from the Psoul. The Book of the SubGenius: See the bibliography, infra, for publication data as well as information concerning price and ordering. The Con: See “The Conspiracy,” infra. The Conspiracy: The true rulers of this world. The Occultati. Them. Those behind everything – even the American Cardboard Box Manufacturers Association. Those who serve the Elder Gods (the ones to whom Charles Hoy Fort referred when he said, “We are owned.” See The Book of the SubGenius, pp. 43-47. Couch-Do: The Way of the Potato. The New Age Schism of SubGenius. (Like, the Upper Lower Devonian. Mit terres de pomme, yet.) The Zen of Head-launching: “First there is a scheduled program, / Then there is no scheduled program, / Then there is . . .” A sect that consumes only pretzels, beer, and TV dinners . . . except for the Exerciser Heresy, which demands of the Faithful that occasionally they get up, go into the kitchen, make some hot, fresh, buttered popcorn, and bring it back to the Viewing Room to consume as a sacrament during Beevis & Butthead. Footgland: The SubGenius foot doubles as a gland. It “intuits” the world around us so subtly that we rarely notice its functioning. According to Dr. Philo Drummond,

. . . When Man stands on his brain and thinks with his feet, THEN HE’LL KNOW EXACTLY WHICH WAY TO GO and how to FIND “BOB”. It is activated by walking. Better than a brain, because it doesn’t talk to itself all the time. ’frop: Short for HABAFROPZIPULOPS. An herb grown high in the Himalayas by Yeti High Priests of JHVH-1 and their Sherpa slaves. From this Heavenly Herb is made Nectar, Ambrosia, ordinary food and fine cordials, smoke and PILS, all used freely and copiously by SubGenii at all times. Produces superhuman clarity of insight, sensory hyperanaesthesia, total loss of judgment identical with the most profound wisdom, placid ecstasy, bless‚d repose, and a pretty good buzz, as well. The only shortcut to the realization of the Dobbs state. Safe, beneficial, and necessary to the SubGenius’s bodily health. Promotes – nay, makes possible – the biological transmutation from Yetinsyny to Übermanhood. (See The Book of the SubGenius, Second Edition, p. 54.) High Holidays: There are as many of these per year per SubGenius as he/she has Ünbirthdays in that year, plus one to grow on. You do anything on a given High Holiday that increases your Slack as much as possible. What makes them High Holidays is the ritual partaking by the Faithful of ’frop, the “Sacramental Herb of SubGenius,” the “closest thing to the untainted essence of ODIN on Earth.” On High Holidays, especially July 5, the pre-anniversary of the Xist landing, and Dobbsmas, October 29, the SubGenius Wor Flag, representing the ultimate triumph of the Will of Odin over the Conspiracy, must be flown (preferably upside-down, to show the allpermeating of influence of ’frop on all things SubGenial). This rectangular flag has a snowy-white background, to symbolize the purity of dedication to the pursuit of life, liberty, and Slack of Dobbs’ spiritual children, on which are two horizontal scarlet stripes, one near the top, one near the bottom; between these two stripes, centered in the rectangle, is a Unicursal hexagram with a pentagram at its center, surrounded by a circlet of chain with many of its links broken open explosively, the whole of the circlet rippled and otherwise disturbed as if by perturbed by the shockwave of some violent nearby explosion, all – hexagram, pentagram, and chain – done in the same explosive scarlet as the stripes. The scarlet symbolizes the blood of Dobbs, shed for us when he was gunned down by Unknown Assassin # 1 during Night of Slack in January 1984, or maybe the usual color of the ink in the account-books of the SubGenius foundation. The hexagram symbolizes the unity of SubGeniusdom; the pentagram at its center represents either the Will of Odin or something Stang’s car ran over the other night after he was coming home from a talk given to the Dallas DSR*’s Friday Night Sewing-Circle and Fornication Committee Meeting on SubGenius Morals and Ethics (about two minutes long; then they adjourned for beer & brownies). The shattered chain represents the destruction of all things Normal and Pink , and the end of the Conspiracy, through the efforts of “Bob” and his followers, with a final wrap by the Xists on July 5, 1998.

*Daughters of the SubGenius Revolution.

IRS: The Church of the SubGenius does not enjoy tax-exempt status. We pay our dues, just like everybody else! (Not for want of trying, of course – it’s that alas, the Conspiracy proved to be just too big for us on this one!) JHVH-1: A “mad alien from some corporate sin galaxy,” NOT GOD. AKA Yah-Weh, Odin, Pan, Bog, Rag, Iah, AFFA, Mammon, Shiva, Wotan, Adonai Moloch, Abulldad, Ad-Llubad, Shamash, Demiurgus, Iadabaoth, Old Nobodaddy, Crom, etc. The creator of this world and all in it, including both Humanity and Yetianity. A cosmic nut. Warning: is armed and may be very dangerous. In the past has used Deluges, rains of frogs, plagues of locusts, falls of fire and brimstone, banishing to an Inferno, etc. to make points and eliminate the opposition. If you see him, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ARREST HIM!!! Instead, report it to your nearest Xist Interfuzz Headquarters by calling 1-8888-888-705-1998. Last Church of Nhee-Ghee: See also entry under “Nhee-Ghee,” below. The Way of the Left-Hand Path of SubGenius. Teaches that the Path to Slack lies straight through the Conspiracy – using a late-model road-grader and a couple of cases of TNT!! (Or maybe a couple of cases of ’frop, dumped into the central reservoir of the biggest urban bastion of Pinquitude around? – But seriously, folks . . . primo ’frop is too hard to come by to waste it so criminally!!) Current head of the Church is the Reverend Rabbi Doktor Ipsillimus Anson Relay, Head High Poobah of the Last Church of Nhee-Ghee, and one mean Headlauncher! Marginals Movement (AKA The Alternative Press): The Outer Order of the New Aeon of Odin, comprising all Yetinsyny efforts anywhere in the world, individual or collective, to transmute this world from one infested by creeping Normalcy to one fit for Übermen/women to inhabit. Includes all Internet and Usenet/Newsnet communications, as well as publication of prozines, slickzines, APA publications, garage-band tapes and CDs, garage-cinema VCRs, broadsides done in purple-and-green crayon on butcher-paper and pasted up on the sides of buildings and mailboxes, etc. etc. devoted to WARNING THE WORLD about the Conspiracy, EDUCATING the masses about ’frop and other aspects of our SubGenius heritage, or just having FUN. Does NOT include CNN, USA Today, the New York Times, or any other Pink media organ. Includes about 150,000,000 members in the U. S. alone. Represented by a flag comprising seven horizontal red stripes and six horizontal white ones, and a canton of night-sky blue containing a circlet of thirteen silver stars. Nhee-Ghee: JHVH-1’s alternate personality (he also has 22 others on tap, ready for all emergencies or the next good party that comes along). Lord of the Left-Hand Path of SubGenius. Normals: If the term doesn’t speak for itself, YOU SHOULDN’T BE READING THIS!!!! Those who make a religion of worship of the Great God Status Quo, i.e., of Normalcy. (The term was, after all, invented by Warren Gameliel Harding – and look where it got him!) Overman/woman (Überman/woman): A fully developed, sexually mature Yetinsyny who has, with the help of ’frop and a few Xists, achieved

the Final Transformation into post-imago maturity. The Overman/woman is possessed of a huge, bulbously swollen cranium, a permanent smile, powers of flight and invisibility, the Cough of Command, an indescribably superior mental state, and a nose that picks itself. Pinks: (Colloq.) Slang corruption of the formal SubGenial derogatory term PINK BOYS or PINK BOYZ. Refers to all conformist, sheeplike, status-quo cherishing, Normalcy worshipping idiots who live in terror of making their own decisions. This term refers to neither skin-color, sexual identity or preference, nor age, though it does come from Black slang for “suburban white men.” The term refers to the outlook and attitudes of people so designated, and to the view through the rose-colored shades they gotta wear while gawping at their Yuppie future. Slack: “Slack was known to the Buddha – to Lao-Tse – to Jesus – to Billy Graham – to all the great avatars.” (The Book of the SubGenius, First Edition, p. 63). Yes – but what the Hell is it?! – Man, when you have to ask what Slack is, you don’t have it! To quote the immortal Ivan Stang, Sacred Scribe of the Church of the SubGenius: People have to ask me what Slack is. And that’s sad, mister. You were born with Slack. Oh, yeah! You were born with Slack – and then the Conspiracy took it all away. From Media Barrage Tape No. 0, “What the HELL Do You Think You’re DOing?!” See bibliography for tape listings Slack is what ain’t there any more after society and “civilization” get through training the Godhead out of you – the Godhead each of us was born an heir to, that all Life partakes of. The Way of Slack is Wu-Wei – if you think you know what it is, you’ve just lost it. See The Book of the SubGenius, First Edition, Chapter 5 (pp. 61-69). The SubGenius Foundation: Headquarters of the Church of the SubGenius. This is where you send your money for copies of The Book of the SubGenius, the infamous “Pamphlet No. 2,” The Stark Fist of Removal (the official organ of the Church of the SubGenius!), Media Barrage Tapes, the (whisper it!) SubGenius Video Tapes, and lots of other SubGenial goodies, as well as for a LIFELONG membership as a fully ordained minister of the Church of the SubGenius: The SubGenius Foundation Post-Office Box 140306 Dallas, TX 75214 USA (Checks or money-orders preferred. Overseas residents please send international postal money-orders or Traveler’s Checks in U.S. Currency only, please – and add a little something for postage, which ain’t cheap!)

Full membership in the Church costs a mere $30, and it gets you – in addition to FULL membership privileges, such as unlimited access to cute little Bobbies and fantastic discounts on ’frop orders – four copies of The Stark Fist of Removal, Pamphlets, Catalog, posters, documents, stickers, and a walletsized, legal-looking MINISTER’S CARD granting you EVERY imaginable (and a few UNimaginable) rights, and excusing ALL SINS). This is the only way to get on the Mailing List of the Chosen, pierce the shroud of secrecy insulating the cult from the Normal world and the Conspiracy, and obtain such privileges as benefit membership in an elite secret society of this scope. X-Day: July 5, 1998. (Not to be confused with the End of the Fourth World. That belongs to a different calendar entirely.) On this day, at 7 a.m., Dallas, Texas USA time, the Xists will land. On this day, all true SubGenii will be transformed in an instant into Overmen and Overwomen, and will be carried out to the Stars by the Xists to reclaim their full Yeti heritage and fulfill their True Will as the true heirs of Atlantis – while the Normals, Pink wimps, and the Conspiracy will be . . . dealt with. Xists: A race of benevolent aliens somewhere between Man and JHVH, but without most of the nasty habits of the latter. (They have nastier ones!) Normally bodiless, but can manifest infinitely polymorphically. Omnipresent and, in some ways (but NOT ALL) almost omniscient. (Occasionally omnipotent as well.) Henchbeings of WOTAN, they have been instrumental from the beginning in shaping the evolution and destiny of Earth’s life – including OURS. On X-Day they will land in force, descending with their scientific Magick and Magickal high technology to deluge us with a superabundance of goodies which we simply won’t be able to handle. If “Bob” isn’t there to explain to them our subsequent misery, panic, and collective nervous breakdown, they will PUT US OUT OF OUR MISERY. Yeti: All SubGenii, regardless of their apparent individual “races” or “ethnic backgrounds,” are true kin. Their common ancestor is Homo directus, the True Atlanteans, one of two lines of descent from a small, insectivorous proto-primate called Primoanthropocus originalis that existed some 70 million years ago, when WOTAN used the Dark Star Shiva, his Star Fist of Removal in its most fearsome apotheosis, to edit the dinosaurs out of the cosmic television script that is Earth’s planetary history, in order to modify the plot into something more in line with the tastes of the Trans-Universe Couch Potatoes that have been happily mind-bombing themselves forward into the PostBiotic with our cruddy little Solar Space Opera for several gigayears now. The other line of descent from this tiny, monkeylike animal, which itself only avoided the dinosaur’s fate because Wotan had a hangover that day and couldn’t draw a bead on it properly, was Australopithecus, the forerunner of Homo sapiens. Full-blooded Atlanteans still exist, inhabiting the lost Glass City of Chang-Eng on the Ice Plateau that Time Forgot somewhere in the remotest, least accessible regions of Tibet. Infrequently glimpsed as they run naked through Himalayan snows by lowland indigenes or explorers, these are the beings called the Yeti – “Abominable Snowmen” – by the Sherpas.

These are the True Men, what we all should be. But ‘way back when, the Yeti fell – they degenerated so far that they even lusted after and mated with HUMANS, those bovine, ITless beings who, though close cousins of the Yeti, evolutionarily speaking, were stupid, physically weak specimens with a genetic tendency to mental and emotional malfunctions, such as drawing to an inside straight, as well as this thing for highly processed sabre-tooth meat and refined white acorns dipped in sugar-cane juice, who hadn’t even the potential for further evolution. The result was Homo yetinsyny, the SubGenius – a half-breed Yeti who, though genetically tainted by human admixture with the noble Yeti blood, still has the potential for SALVATION.

A Very Small Sampler of Church Saints, Current and Posthumous
Barnum, Phineas T.: “Bob” may be the Saint of Sales, but P. T. Barnum was the Buddha of Bulldada, and to some extent has the same relationship to “Bob” that John the Baptist did to Jesus of Nazareth. Dobbs, Constance Marsh: “Bob”’s first wife, now his widow. Born on March 23, 1933, daughter of refugees of the Innsmouth Horror (the sea-coast town of Innsmouth, Massachusetts), in which an unknown number of innocent émigrés into the United States from the South Seas were massacred by the United States Navy on orders of the Conspiracy puppets in the United States government, who finally settled in Washington, DC (where things are so fishy, anyway, that no one would ever notice!). The ultimate exemplar for all true Überwomen, she is still true to the spirit of her first, undying love: Hymn to Connie* Roses, red roses, from the deep, warm breast Of Her, whose progeny in Space and Time Are one with us, Her children, – latest, best And fairest fruitage of Her prime – Within thy chaliced heart there glows The crimson tide of Life. The wine Of youth, eternal, welling, flows O’er thy curved rim incarnadine. The fragrance of Her tresses, sweet As tender breezes that o’erflow The sun-kissed hills at dawn, and meet And whisper love to buds that blow; A pulsing flame – a sky that burns – A sun god’s pyre and altar blent, Veiled by thy velvet breast that yearns To spill its gold and be content; The music of soft rains that beat With pattering fingers on our doors, In gusty, flying showers, replete With memories of the wind-swept moors;

Of tender flesh, the keen, sweet tang; Of fruitful earth, the warm embrace That lured the lusty vine which sprang To bear aloft thy virile grace – Roses, red roses, jeweled Grails of Love And Sex – mysterious and more divine Thy symbols shine on high above The lilies pale on Mary’s shrine. The rich, red torrent of thy life made bold Since Time began, the hearts of men To sing of freedom and of joys untold – Inspired in turn the voice and pen Of those who know that Love is Power And Power is love, beyond the reach Of mortal minds that halt and cower Before the truths thy roses teach. And yet, thy fire is in the bard Who sings of love or ruthless strife. Thy flame is in the hearts that guard The spirit’s growth from life to life Till forms shall fade and systems rest. The rhythm of thy magic pulse is stilled. Still flames thy symbol on the breast Of Isis, Ishtar – mother, matter filled. The snow-white wonder of Her form divine, Stretched cruciform with upturned face, Awaits with radiant joy the coming sign Of Him, Creation’s Lord, in Time and Space. Her eyes, eternal wells of loving light, The Beauty dread and high which Gods can know – And lo – within Her mighty heart, for Him, enshrined Roses, red roses ever-blooming glow.* *”Red Roses.” From A. M. Stephen’s The Rosary of Pan (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, Publishers, 1923), pp. 24-25.

Drummond, Philo: So far, the only SubGenius who has made the fearful transition to Überhood, through the Magick of Xist technology under the direction of his late friend J. R. “Bob” Dobbs. Eris: AKA “Isis,” “Kali,” “Spider-Woman,” etc. Consort of JHVH-1, head of the Rebel Gods, and Mother of most or all other Rebel Gods (the dreaded “Yurugu Gang”) by JHVH-1. May also be the ultimate Creator/ix, the Source of All Things, being both mother of Chaos and mother of the children of Chaos, the Elder Gods,

including JHVH-1. See “Hymn to Connie,” under entry for “Dobbs, Constance Marsh,” above. Also: I love that Dark Beauty, With the ruffled hair, enticing the world. So I love her. This black darling resides in the heart Of Shiva, the god of all gods. Again Krishna the Dark Is the very life of the Brajaland, Engrossed with cowgirls there. Hence I love black, I adore it. Banamali Krishna became the Black Goddess, Eris. So says Celine, making no distinction Between the two. So I love the dark beauty, Syama, the heart’s throb, the ruffled hair, I love and adore her.* *Paraphrased from Ajit Mookerjee, Kali: York: Destiny Books, 1988), p. 106. The Feminine Force (New

Koresh, David and the Other 86 Martyrs: Hideously mass-murdered for no particularly good reason (as usual!) by Conspiracy tanks and flame-throwers at 12:01 p.m. Central Daylight Pink Time on April 19, 5 B. X. (Before X-Day) at the Branch Davidian Compound in Waco, Texas. An example of just why we must be on guard against the Conspiracy, day and night, until the Xists land and ELIMINATE it. Doing nothing wrong, not even breaking any U.S. laws, only working out their own way of pursuing life, liberty, and holy Slack, the Branch Davidians were subjected to an all-out Blitzkrieg attack on their home reminiscent of the fire-bombing of Hamburg by armed Conspiracy thugs who, disguised as official employees of real U.S. federal police agencies, on that evil day burned alive all but a tiny remnant of the inhabitants of the compound – the latter being those fortunate enough to come out the front way and thus straight at the television news cameras trained on them. Afterwards, of the pitifully few adult survivors of the holocaust, all were given long, harsh sentences in federal prisons, not for any real crime, but simply for having been in the compound with Koresh, i.e., as “conspirators.” Not the first SubGenial martyrs (that horrifying honor probably goes to Gerry Reith, who was almost certainly “suicided” by the Conspiracy in 1984), but definitely the most spectacular to date!! And whatever the Conspiracy was trying to do when it holocausted the Branch Davidians, judging from the growing uproar over the mass-murders and the unspeakable “trial” of the survivors that followed, it just may have failed. (In some ways similar to “Bob”, the Conspiracy does manage to fuck up now and then . . . but unlike “Bob”, it won’t make that $ M over this one . . . not if the Xists have their alien, extra-galactic way!!!!)

The Emperor Norton: “Everybody understands Mickey Mouse. Few understand Herman Hesse. Hardly anybody understands Einstein. And nobody understands Emperor Norton.” – Malaclypse the Younger, K.S.C. Joshua Norton, or as he preferred to be called, Norton I, proclaimed himself to be Emperor of the United States and Mexico in 1859. Although a pauper, he was fed free in San Francisco’s best restaurants. Although a madman, he had all his state proclamations published in San Francisco’s newspapers. While rational reformers elsewhere failed to crack the national bank monopoly with alternate currency plans, Norton I had his own private currency accepted throughout San Francisco. When the Vigilantes decided to hold a pogrom against San Francisco’s Chinese population, and sane men would have tried to stop them, Norton I did nothing but stand in the street, head bowed, praying. The Vigilantes dispersed. Although a fool, Norton I wrote letters which were seriously considered by Abraham Lincoln and Queen Victoria. Although a charlatan, Norton I was so beloved that when he died in 1880, 30,000 people turned out for his funeral. Pee-Wee Herman: One of the most beloved of “Bob”’s Tel-Apostles, St. Pee-Wee was framed by the Conspiracy in the Summer of 1992 e.v. (6 B.X.), charged with a crime so unspeakable that we dare not even mention it here, convicted by one of the Conspiracy’s tame judges, and sentenced to – but there are some things just TOO FOUL even to whisper among civilized beings, even in the company of hardened SubGenii . . . Suffice it to say that he has never again been allowed to continue his Mission to the Normals, because of which possibly hundreds of millions of souls will go UNSAVED, and will be swept away into Eternal Nothingness on X-Day! How do you like that, you smug Pink Conspiracy-sucking Squirt-Police?!?! Puzzling Evidence: Moderator of The Show, on Radio KPFK, from Berkeley, California. May have an alternate personality, the Dreaded Unibrow, who undergoes transformation into a Werebat whenever given unlimited access to ’frop. For months after “Bob”’s death during Night of Slack in early 1984, unkind rumors claiming that Puzzling Evidence was in fact Unknown Assassin #1 – the one who had gunned down Our “Bob” – filled the air. Was Puz really the Judas of the SubGenius movement? Or was he, as some have claimed “Bob”’s last will and testament noted, “Bob”’s Good Kevorkian, come to lead him out of this Vale of Tears and into the Beforelife? Or was “Bad Bob White,” arch-

villain and Goldstein of SubGeniusdom, the one who wielded the gun? Depends upon which head you’re talking to . . . someone else: Who is the real Power behind it all? This strange, enigmatic, shadow-figure, brains to Stang’s brawn, may also be the true founder of the Church – and possibly even “Bob” . . . underneath that smiling mask!! Stang, the Reverend Doktor Ivan, A. O. 32º: The Sacred Scribe of the Church of the SubGenius. “Bob”’s business agent for the Church. tENTATIVELY a cONVENIENCE: An artist, writer, musician, and performance artist who makes the wildest, most maniacal of his Church brethren and cistern look like tame Pink pet poodles! Declared the rest of the Church to be a heresy, and has waged the Wor on it ever since. Even if “Bob” isn’t there on X-Day to Explain Things to the Xists, if they so much as pee wrong, all we have to do is threaten them with tENT and they will behave their skinny, alien, three-cheeked little anti-buns! For more on the Church of the SubGenius, see also “The Church of the SubGenius: Beer-Bust of the Gods!, Or, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the World’s First Industrial Church but Were Too Attached to Conspiracy-Fostered Values To Ask, Third Edition, by the Very Left Reverend Doktor Magistra Batrix, Το Μικρον Θεριον \cw ]xh, the Infra-Red Woman of the Church of the SubGenius, Pope of All Broadview and About Half the 134th Block of Greenwood Avenue North, 23® = 3.14159™ (Seattle: Djehuti-Quetzlcoatl Press, 1997), from which the preceding was taken. Supermembrane or superbrane: Supersymmetry: Surjective: an “onto” function (mathematics) Symmetry (physics): Synod, synodical month: TTT Time (astrology, esoteric theory, geology, physics, natural history): Aeons Epochs Transits, transiting (astrology, astronomy): UUU VVV Via Combusta, the (astrology): Via Vita, the (astrology): 15° Aries to 15° Taurus WWW

Weights and Measures: In 2024, using his bully pulpit, Governor Steve Yeats got the New California state legislature to adopt the old British FPS (foot/pound/second) system, ultimately gearing the foot, pound, and second to the wavelength of the yellow spectral line of the element sodium, the Planck length, the Planck time, and the mass of the electron, abandoning the metric or CGS system that had been in use in the U.S.A. and almost all other countries at the time of the Two-Day War. Yeats, who has come to hate the UN and everything socialistic, thanks to what happened to all his family as a result of the War, deliberately re-establishes the older system in part out of spite, but also because he has an enormous love of history as well as the literary references to that system in his favorite literature, that of 19thcentury England. Also, there is the not inconsiderable matter that in order to use the FPS system, you have to do a little more thinking than when you use the metric system. Since they do have battery calculators and computers, it isn't that much of an inconvenience, but it does require just a little bit more thought. (That, Yeats believed, was something that desperately needed to be brought back into whatever schools came into existence after the War -- something that required both students and teaches to think. He was determined that never again would schools, at least in New California, sink to the levels they did in America before the War.) From then on, officially temperature was to be measured in Fahrenheit degrees, and the practical units of mass, length, and time became the pound, the foot (or inch), and the second, which were in turn respectively calibrated in terms of the wavelength of the yellow spectral line of the element sodium (589 nanometers, i.e., 589 x 10-9 meters = 5.89 x 10-7 m), the Planck length, the Planck time, and the mass of the electron, as standards (see below for conversion units). Depending upon application, units of energy were the electron-volt, the foot-pound, the BTU, and the kilowatt-hour. The ohm, the ampere, the BTU, the volt, etc. were defined as they had been before. (Metric units were still referred to because old records documented things in terms of the metric system, and one had to convert from that. Educators still taught what the metric system is, and scientists continued to use it, especially for research in such areas as quantum mechanics and optics, but in everyday use the foot/pound/second system became the standard.) Foot: 0.3048 meters = 3.048 x 108 nanometers; one meter = 3.2808 feet. Inch: 3.6576 x 109 nanometers; one meter = 39.37008 inches. Hence the yellow spectral line of the element sodium is equal to 589 x 109 x 3.2808 . . . = 1,932.415 x 10 -9 feet = 1.932415 x 10-6 feet = 2.31889764 x 10-5 inches. Angstrom: 10-8 centimeters = 10-10 meters = 3.2808 x 10-10 feet = 3.937 x 10-9 inches. Planck units: In 1913, physicist Max Planck showed that the constants G (the Gravitational Constant, which may in fact be a variable, but is currently reckoned to be equal to 6.67 x 10 -8 dyn-cm2 g2 ), c (the speed of light in a perfect vacuum), and (Planck’s constant, the cornerstone of quantum mechanics, associated with the wavelike nature of particles and the corpuscular properties of radiation, equal to 6.626 x 10 -34 joule-second; it gives the ratio of a quantum of radiant energy E to the frequency υ of its source, and is expressed by the equation E =  can be combined to create natural units of length, υ) time, and mass. These units are calculated as follows: We suppose that a particle exists of mass m* that has a gravitation length equal to its Compton length (a characteristic wave-like size of a particle traveling close to the speed of light, calculated as λp =  pc, where mp is the particle’s mass and λp is its Compton /m length; e.g., that of the electron is about 137 times smaller than the hydrogen atom). Its gravitational length is a* = Gm*/c2, and its Compton length is a* =  /m*c. By equating the two, we find the Planck units. (A black hole of quantum mechanical size constitutes such a particle, and is therefore a quantum black hole.) Planck length: A constant a* expressed as a* = (G 3)1/2 = 2 x 10-33 centimeters = 6.5616 x /c 10 feet = 7.874016 x 10-34 inches, the distance that light could travel in the Planck time (see below for definition of Planck time). At the moment the universe was born (10-43 seconds after the Big Bang, the Planck time), its diameter was just over 3.937008 x 10-34 inches, the Planck length. All the matter and energy of the universe was then squeezed into a region with this tiny diameter, creating an intense gravitational field almost precisely balanced by the almost exactly equally intense outward expansion of this newborn universe. Planck mass: A constant m* expressed as m* = ( 1/2 = 2 x 10-5 grams. c/G) Planck time: 10-43 second, obtained by dividing the Planck length a* by the speed of light. That time in the evolution of the universe after the Big Bang before which classical theories of gravity do not apply. The ultimate quantum of time, the smallest that has any physical meaning. As far as the laws of physics that operate in our universe are concerned, that universe as “born” with an age of 10-43 second; there was no earlier time, in any meaningful sense of the word.

(Prior to that but after the universe was zero seconds old, one presumes that the universe had been conceived and was gestating, but wasn’t yet born.) The ohm is defined as the unit of resistance of a circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt maintains a current of one ampere. One BTU is about 252 calories, more strictly defined as that quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. An ampere is a rate of flow of charge in a conducting medium of one coulomb per second. A coulomb is defined as 6.281 x 10^18 electrons, the charge carried by one ampere per second. An electron volt is 1.602 x 10^19 Joule, and is equal to the energy entailed in one electron falling unimpeded through a potential difference of one volt. A volt is the electromotive force, or difference in potential, that causes a current of one ampere to flow through a conductor having a resistance of one ohm. One atmosphere of pressure = 1,013.25 millibars (1.013.25 bars) = 14.696 pounds per square inch. Baron Patrick Henry Wall, the cyber-baron, gave Steve Yeats particular hell about having to rewrite all his company’s software code to deal with the changes in weights and measures. But in Nevada, Judge Buddy O’Banion, governor of Nevada, followed suit as soon as he learned of the New California state legislature’s establishment of the foot/pound/second system as the standard. The same was true of Baron Mish Pushkin in New Mexico, Baron Henry Englund in Idaho, etc. Slowly the entire West and allied areas returned to the older pound/foot/second system, discarding the metric system for everything but scientific and certain types of technological work, especially in the area of medicine. From then on, every company that stocked measuring equipment of any kind made a huge profit on measuring devices, from rulers to clocks to volumetric measuring equipment to every other sort of measurement tool, which gave simultaneous read-outs in metric and Old British units Abbreviations for units mm = millimeter cm = centimeter m = meter km = kilometer Ǻ = angstrom mg = milligram g – gram kg = kilogram ml = milliliter MKS = meter/kilogram/second SI (from French S[ysteme] I[nternational]: international system of weights and measures, using the metric system augmented by scientific units used in technology FPS = foot/pound/second Conversions Miscellaneous conversions l or L (liter) g (gram) kg (kilogram) metric ton long ton cm (centimeter) m (meter) km (kilometer) cm2 (square centimeter) m2 (square meter) km2 (square kilometer) cm3 (cubic centimeter) m3 (cubic meter) atm (one atmosphere of pressure) ‡ 1.0567 liquid quarts 0.0353 ounce (avdp) 2.2046 pounds (avdp) 1.1023 short tons 1,016.0416 kg 0.3937 inches 39.3701 inches 0.6214 mile 0.155 square inch 1.196 square yards 0.3861 square mile 0.061 cubic inch 35.3147 cubic feet 1,013.25 millibars

atm 14.696 pounds per square inch atm 101,325 Pascals (Pa) bar one million dynes per square centimeter dyne (force) one gram-cm/sec2 newton one kg-m/sec2 °F 32 = 1.8 x °C °C (°F – 32) x 5/9 nautical mile (U.S.) (NM) 1.1508 statute miles . Length Old English mil inch = 1,000 mils foot = 12 inches yard = 3 feet rod = 5.5 yards furlong = 40 rods (statute) mile = 8 furlongs Nautical Old English metric metric 0.254 mm 2.54 cm 0.3048 m 0.9144 m 5.0292 m 201.168 m 201.168 m

fathom = 6 feet 1.8288 m cable length (U.S.) = 120 fathoms 219.456 m nautical mile (U.S.) = 8.43905 cable lengths 1,852 m Surveyor’s Measure Old English link = 7.92 inches chain = 100 links furlong = 10 chains Area Old English square inch square foot = 144 square inches square yard = 9 square feet square rod = 30.25 square yards acre = 160 square rods square mile = 640 acres Cubic Measure Old English cubic inch cubic foot = 1,728 cubic inches metric 16.3871 cm3 0.0283 m3 metric 6,4516 cm2 929.0304 6,4516 cm2 0.8361 m2 25.2929 m2 0.4046 hectares 2.59 km2 metric 20.1168 cm 20.1168 m 201.168 m

cubic yard = 27 cubic feet Volume or capacity Liquid measure Old English minim = 0.0038 cubic inch fluid dram = 60 minims fluid ounce = 8 fluid drams gill = 4 fluid ounces pint = 4 gills quart = 2 pints gallon = 4 quarts Dry measure Old English pint = 33.6 cubic inches quart = 2 pints peck = 8 quarts bushel = 4 pecks Weight Avoirdupois weight (avdp) Old English grain dram = 27.34375 grains ounce (avdp) = 16 drams pound (avdp) = 16 ounces short hundredweight = 100 pounds (avdp) (short) ton = 20 short hundredweights Troy weight Old English grain pennyweight = 24 grains troy ounce = 20 pennyweights troy pound = 12 troy ounces Apothecaries’ weight Old English grain scruple = 20 grains dram = 3 scruples troy ounce = 8 drams troy pound = 12 troy ounces

0.7646 m3

metric 0.061612 ml 3.6967 ml 29.5738 0.1183 l 0.4732 l 0.9464 l 3.7854 l

metric 0.5506105 l 1.1012 l 8.8098 l 35.2391 l

metric 64.79891 mg 1.7718 g 28.3495 g 453.5924 g 45.3592 kg 907.1847 kg

metric 64.79891 mg 1.5552 g 31.1035 g 373.2417 g

metric 64.79891 mg 1.296 g 3.8879 g 31.1035 g 373.2417 g

Other terms and units Name ampere: the basic unit of electrical current intensity, equal, in the MKS system, to a rate of flow of charge in a conductor or conducting medium of one coulomb per second and, in the SI system, to a constant current that, if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite length and negligible circular cross-section placed one meter apart in a vacuum, would produce between these conducts a force equal to 2 x 10 7 newtons per meter of length; abbreviated A or amp; cf. ohm, below atmosphere: a standard unit of pressure used to measure atmospheric pressure, equal to the pressure exerted by a column of liquid mercury metal that is 760 millimeters (29.9213 inches) high at 0°C at sea level, abbreviated atm. bar: the basic unit of pressure in the CGS system, equal to the pressure of a force of one million dynes per square centimeter, abbreviated b. becquerel: the basic unit of radioactivity in the SI system, equal to a rate of decay of the disintegration of one atomic nucleus per second, equal to 2.7 x 10-11 curies; abbreviated Bq. BTU: abbreviation for British Thermal Units, a unit of heat equal to about 252 calories; the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit calorie: the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius, also called gram calorie, or small calorie; when spelled with a capital C, it means the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water one degree Celsius, also called great calorie or kilocalorie candela: the basic unit of luminous intensity in the SI system, now defined as the luminous intensity, in a given direction, of a source that emits monochromatic radiation of frequency 540 x 1012 hertz and that has a radiant intensity in that direction of 1/683 watt per steradian; abbreviated cd celsius: designating or of a thermometer on which 0° is the freezing point and 100° is the boiling point of water; centigrade; the formula for converting a Celsius temperature to Fahrenheit is °F = 9/5 °C + 32; abbreviated C coulomb: the basic unit of electric charge in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the charge of 6.281 x 1018 electrons, the charge carried by a current of one ampere in one second; abbreviated C degree Celsius: a unit of temperature such that 0°C = 273.16°K (Kelvin); abbreviated °C dyne: the basic unit of force in the CGS system, equal to the amount of force that imparts to a mass of one gram an acceleration of one centimeter per second per second (0.00001 newton); abbreviated dyn. electron volt: a unit of energy equal to that attained by an electron falling unimpeded through a potential difference of one volt; 1.602 x 10-19 joule; abbreviated eV erg: the basic unit of energy or work in the CGS system, equal to the amount of work done by a force of one dyne acting through a distance of one centimeter (10-7 joule) farad: the basic unit of electric capacitance in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the capacitance of a capacitor that stores a charge of one coulomb when one volt is applied; abbreviated F foot-candle: a unit of illumination, equal to one lumen per square foot (10.764 lux), or the amount of light from a source of one candela directly thrown on a square foot of surface at a distance of one foot; abbreviated fc gauss: the basic unit of magnetic flux density in the CGS system, equal to one line of magnetic flux per square centimeter, or one Maxwell per square centimeter (0.00001 tesla); abbreviated G hectare: one hundred acres or 10,000 square meters or 0.01 square kilometer (11,959.9 square yards or 2.471 acres); abbreviated ha henry: the basic unit of electrical inductance in the MKS and SI systems, equal to the inductance of a circuit in which the variation of current at the rate of one ampere per second induces an electromotive force of one volt; abbreviated H hertz: the basic unit of frequency on the ST system, equal to one cycle per second; abbreviated Hz

horsepower: a basic unit of power in the FPS system, equal to the power needed to raise a weight of 550 pounds a distance of one foot in one second, or a weight of 33,000 pounds a distance of one foot in one minute (746 watts or 42.41 British thermal units per minute), used especially for measuring the power of motors or engines; abbreviated hp joule: the basic unit of energy or work in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the amount of work done by a force of one newton acting through a distance of one meter; abbreviated J Kelvin: designating a scale of thermodynamic temperature measured from absolute zero, at which all molecular motion ceases (-273.16°C; the formula for converting Celsius to Kelvin is °K = °C + 273.16); a basic unit of temperature on this scale, equal to one degree Celsius; abbreviated K knot: a unit of speed of one nautical mile (6,076.12 feet or 1,852 meters) per hour, abbreviated kn or kt. Derives from use of knots tied at regular intervals in a line used to measure a ship’s speed, and is loose equivalent to Nautical mile per hour liter: the basic unit of volume or capacity in the metric system, equal to 33.76 fluid ounces or 1.0567 liquid quarts (0.9081 dry quarts or 61.0237 cubic inches); the volume of one cubic deciliter or one kilogram of water at its maximum density at 4°C; abbreviated l or L long ton: a unit of weight equal to 2,240 pounds avoirdupois (1,016.0469 kg or 1.016 metric tons or 1.12 short tons), commonly used in Great Britain lumen: the basic unit used to measure the flow of light in the SI system, equal to the amount of light emitted through a solid angle of one steradian by a light source with the intensity of one candela (0.0015 watt); abbreviated lm lux: a basic unit of illumination in the SI and MKS systems, equal to one lumen per square meter (0.0929 foot-candles or one candela per square meter); abbreviated lx maxwell: the basic unit of magnetic flux in the CGS system, equal to the flux through one square centimeter perpendicular to a magnetic field with an intensity of one gauss; one Maxwell equals 10-8 weber; abbreviated Mx metric ton: a unit of weight, equal to 1,000 kilograms (2,204.623 pounds avoirdupois or 1.1023 short ton or 0.9842 long ton) mile: a unit of length in the FPS system equal to 5,280 feet = 1,760 yards = 8 furlongs (1.609344 kilometers or 0.869 nautical miles, also known as statute mile; abbreviated ml mole: referring to molecular weight, the quantity of a chemical substance having a weight in grams numerically equal to its molecular weight; one mole of a substance contains 6.022137 x 1023 molecules of that substance. The amount of a substance containing the same number of units, whether molecules, atoms, or ions, as there are atoms in 12 grams of pure carbon-12 (6C12); a basic unit in the SI system, abbreviated mol nautical mile: since 1959, an international unit of length equal to one minute of arc of a great circle of the earth or 6,076.12 feet or 1.1508 miles (1,852 meters or 1.852 kilometers); abbreviated NM newton: the basic unit of force in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the force which imparts to a mass of one kilogram an acceleration of one meter per second per second, abbreviated N ohm: the basic unit of electrical resistance in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the resistance of a circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt maintains a current of one ampere; symbol Ω pascal: the basic unit of pressure in the MSK and SI systems, equal to the pressure of a force of one newton per square meter (0.00001 bar or 0.01 millibar); abbreviated PA radian: the basic unit of a plane angle in the SI system, equal to 57° 17’ 44.8” (57.29578°) of arc, the angle formed at the center of a circle by two radii cutting off an arc whose length is equal to the radius of the circle; one degree equals 0.017454 radian, and 360 degrees = 2π radians; abbreviated rad short ton: a unit of weight, equal to 2,000 pounds avoirdupois (907.1847 kg or 0.90718 metric ton or 0.8929 long ton), commonly used in the United States, Canada, South Africa, etc. qsiemens: the basic unit of electrical conductance in the SI system, equal to one ampere per volt; abbreviated S steradian: the basic unit of solid angular measure in the SI system, equal to the solid angle subtended at the center of a sphere by an area, on the surface, that is equal to the square of its radius; one sphere equals 4π steradians; abbreviated sr tesla: the basic unit of magnetic flux density in the SI and MKS systems, equal to one weber per square meter (10,000 gauss), abbreviated T

volt: the basic unit of electromotive force in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the electromotive force, or difference in potential, that causes a current of one ampere to flow through a conductor having a resistance of one ohm: abbreviated V watt: the basic unit of electric, mechanical, or thermal power in the SI and MKS systems, equal to one joule per second or 107 ergs per second (1/746 horsepower); for electrical power it is equal to one volt-ampere; abbreviated W weber: the basic unit of magnetic flux in the SI and MKS systems, equal to 108 maxwells; abbreviated Wb International Systems of Units (SI) In the International System of weights and measures, any prefix indicating number, as listed below, can be combined with any unit. E.g., milli- + ampere = milliampere (m + A = mA) Prefix yottazettaexapetateragigamegakilohectodeka-, decadecicentimillimicronanopicofemtoattozeptoyoctoNotes Planck’s Constant Avogadro’s Number and definition Density standard -- water Pressure standard -- bars, millibars, Earth-atm = 1 = 760 mb (?) Linear: metric, Angstroms, English Angstrom: One angstrom = one hundred millionth of a centimeter or one ten thousand millionth meter = 10-10 meter = 10-4 microns (one ten-thousandth of a micron), light-year, parsec, astronomical unit (AU) Light-year: Parsec: 3.0857 x 1013 km = ~ 3.3 light-years Mass: poundals, metric Volume: metric, English Electrical: ampere, ohm Magnetic: Gauss Sonic: Decibel (dB) Visible light: lumens Force: gravities, Thermal: Fahrenheit, Centigrade, Kelvin Symbol Y Z E P T G M k h da d c m μ n p f a z y Multiplier 1024 1021 1018 1015 1012 109 106 103 102 10 10-1 10-2 10-3 10-6 10-9 10-12 10-15 10-18 10-21 10-24

Energy: watts, joules, BTUs XXX



***** Unconsolidated notes Algebra: Generalized mathematical structures of all kinds; functions and mappings of all kinds, including linear, multilinear, nonlinear, trigonometric, transcendental, logarithmic, etc. Angular momentum (mechanics): Angular radius, angular diameter: Blue shift, red shift (astronomy): See Distance measurements. Calculus: Definition. Uses. Carbon chemistry: Carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide(CO2), etc. Diophantine equations: Distance measurements (astronomy): Blue- and red-shift, standard candles, etc. Ellipticity (astronomy, planetary science): See Planets, physical measures (astronomy). Galaxies, galactic cluster, superclusters (astronomy): Geometry: Two dimensional: polygons and polygrams, e.g., Square, Pentagram, Hexagram, Triangle, Circle, etc. Three dimensional: polyhedra, e.g., Cube, Pyramid, Sphere, etc.; tensors Hyper-geometry, n-dimensional geometry Gödel, Kurt; Gödellian mathematics: Greenhouse effect: Grex (botany, biology): Hypothesis: Definition I Ching: Inclination (of an orbital plane) (astronomy): See also Orbit (astronomy).

Main sequence (stellar evolution) (astronomy): Number Theory: Numbering systems: Hebrew, Arabic, etc. Numbers, bases: See also Polynomials. Numbers, notation: See Polynomials. Numbering, ordinal vs. cardinal: Numerical nomenclature (scientific notation): micro-, centi-, nano-, pico-, terra-, etc. Qaballah: Quantum mechanics: Qlippoth (Qaballah): Revolution (around a primary) (astronomy): Rotation on an axis, planetary day (astronomy): Seasons: See Signs (astrology). Shells (of the Qlippoth) (Qabballah, Magick): Tarot: Topology: Torque (mechanics): Transfinite mathematics: Georg Cantor Trigonometry:

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