IMPACT OF ICT ON SOCIETY: Malaysian Cyber Law, Electronic Government Law.

Presented by: Ferellica Anne M.

DIGITAL SIGNATURE ACT 1997.  Why the ACT exist? 

Transactions conducted via internet increasing. Identities and messages can falsified. Need purchaser and seller identity for the integrity of messages. Removing doubt and possibility of fraud. Provides for regulation of public key infrastructure. Make digital signature legally valid and enforceable as traditional signature. 

What the ACT is about? 

COPYRIGHT (AMENDMENT) ACT 1997.  Why the ACT exist? 

To protect expressions of thoughts and ideas from unauthorized copying alteration. Creative expressions is being captured. Clear protection accorded to multimedia works. Transmissions of copyright works over the Internet clearly amount to infringement. Technological methods of ensuring works and authorship info are not altered or removed is protected. 

What the AMENDMENT ACT about? 

TELEMEDICINE ACT 1997.  Why the ACT exist? 

Healthcare systems and providers around the world are becoming interconnected. Unclear quality healthcare advice and consultation from specialist because doesn¶t have truth value. To regulate practice of tele-consultation in medical profession. teleThe ACT provides that any registered doctor may practice ³telemedicine´ but other healthcare providers must first obtain a license to do so. 

What the ACT is about? 

COMPUTER CRIMES ACT 1997.  Why the ACT exist? 

As computing becomes more central to people¶s life and work, computers become both targets and tool of crime. To ensure misuse of computer is offense.  

What the ACT is about?
Offers to:to: 

Enter or attempt into computers and computer systems without authorization. Damage or alter data/information in computers or computer system by planting viruses.


Convergence of technologies is driving convergence of telecommunication, broadcasting, computing, and content. A restructuring of converged ICT industry. Create and define a new system of licenses. Provide communication and multimedia services. Provide the existence of the Communication and Multimedia Commission. 

What the ACT is about? 

POLICY OBJECTIVES OF CMA.  To regulate for the long-term benefit of the end user. long To promote consumer confidence in service delivery.  To ensure equitable provision of affordable services.  To create a robust applications environment for the end user.  


Why the Electronic Government exist?
Government is working on individual departmental projects rather than creating a general framework to take it forward. There is strong belief in electronic government. To control bloggers and prevent from spreading disharmony, chaos, seditious material and lies on websites. Registering bloggers help prevent controversy in the government and help promote harmony in the country.  


What the Electronic Government is about?
Electronic government is already in many departments; in fact, ahead of most of Europe are in electronic governance. Electronic Government needs to be more central steering. ³The government isn¶t against it, but it certainly isn¶t championing it.´ Ecommerce will radically reshape government over the next five years.

ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT DATABASES.  American Government Curriculum based reference database for government that includes daily UPI stories, annotated bibliographies, interactive topic exploration, and political commentary from Robert Novak and Bill Press.  Facts of File Collection of databases on history, geography, science, and health.Includes career and curriculum resources as well as personal and business forms. 

First Search Collection of fifteen databases including WorldCat, Medline, WilsonSelectPlus that provide both citations and full-text. WorldCat is the largest fullinternational database featuring more than 54 million items from the 50,000 plus OCLC member libraries. Edgar Database Database of searchable SEC filings such as annual and quarterly reports. Search by company name, SIC code, etc. Obtain mutual fund prospectuses, as well as archived information.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT 2000.  Relate to electronic form which filing effected.  Relate to manner and format which electronic issue, grant or payment issued and method of payment of fee.  Relate to security records be filed, electronic record and secure digital,procedure for purpose of creating digital, secure, and signature.  Relate to other standards observed by Controller of Certifying Authorities Relate to fee to be paid to Certifying Authority for issue of a Signature Certificate.  Relate procedure for investigation of Digital Presiding Officer.  Relate to any other power of a misbehavior or incapacity. 


Relate to any other matter which is civil court required to be prescribed. Relate to maintenance of database required to be, or may be Certifying Authority. Relate to conditions and containing disclosure record of recognize any foreign restrictions subject which Controller may.

THE INDUCE ACT.  Supported by Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, R-Utah. R Make manufacturers of such software liable for inducing people to commit copyright infringement.  Consumer complained that the bill's language is too broad and could apply liability to legitimate technology.  Represent sides to propose own compromise in congressional session and are given tight deadline, according to condition of anonymity.  Necessary after a federal appeals court; manufacturer of file-sharing software of liability committed by filecustomers was cleared.


Future Cyber Laws must recognizes the people development component-crucial for a K-Economy. The componentKexisting Cyber Laws created the necessary impact but constant review is necessary. Technology innovations, business innovations, ³criminal´ innovations, and globalization. An exclusive legislative process may shorten review cycle. Malaysian Government envisions to reinvent governance activities through e-Government eprojects and applications. Several test-beds are already in testplace to provide ICT which enabled solutions such as eejudiciary, e-passport and tele- healthcare. Such eeteleeapplications inevitably come with legal impediments that would slow down the reinvention process unless they are properly addressed and solved.

REFERENCES« vernmentDB.htm overnment_Looking_to_Quiet_Bloggers nl_49.htm m

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