FIRE ALARM SYSTEM

Basic Regulation for Design & Installation The Engineering Institute of Thailand EIT. Standard (2002-49) 2002-49)

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Fire alarm system for each building size

1) Fire alarm control panel (FACP) 2) Automatic detector 3) Manual alarm 4) Output alarm

5) Fire man telephone 6) Emergency call** 7) Annunciator panel (ANN)
* Small building 1story and no have room no need automatic detector. 2
Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Level for Protection 



Level -1 : for protection the human & important area. Level -2 : for protection the things.
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Selection for applicable detector
Protection level-1 Area levelFire exit way Fire exit stair (Close area type) Storage room (Area > 12 m2) Inflammable storage M&E Shaft AHU room MDB & TR. room Central control room Elevator Shaft Fire pump room Bed room Protection level-2 Area levelOther above area can be designed with heat detector

Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Heat Detector
1) Height < 4 m. 2) Height 4 m.< h < 6 m. Height (m.) 4.00 4.50 5.00 5.50 6.00 Distance (m.) 7.20 6.80 6.50 6.10 5.80

Note :1) Wall Heat Detector < 300 mm. 2) Supply Air Grill Heat Detector < 400 mm.
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Smoke Detector (1/2)
( Height < 10.5 m. ) * 10.
Note :1) Wall Heat Detector < 300 mm. 2) Supply Air Grill Heat Detector < 400 mm. 3) Exit Stair (Fire proof area) Install every 3 story

* Normal distance

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Smoke Detector (2/2)

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Smoke Beam Detector
( Height 10.5 m.< h < 25 m. ) 10.

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Aspirating Smoke Detector (ASD) or Very Early Smoke Detection Apparatus (VESDA) 

(1/2)

Where are need ASD ? - Early warning - Areas of high airflow - Hostile environments - Covert detection - High building and smoke stratification - Where access for detector maintenance is a problem - Fire extinguishing system release

Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Aspirating Smoke Detector (ASD) or Very Early Smoke Detection Apparatus (VESDA)

(2/2) 



1 zone could be cover < 2,000 m2 Could be detection & processing < 90 sec. Area > 46m2 must be to have the 46m sampling holes < 2 holes 

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Alarm Device
Manual Station 

Fire Man Telephone

Bell or Horn

Lamp

Install height  Fire Exit Stair (Every  Must be to  Distance 1.30 m. to 1.50 m. 3 story) install minimally 1 between each Lamp < 30 m. set at outside  In/Out area  Elevator Motor building Room  Fire Exit Stair  65 > dBA > 105 (Every story)  Fire Pump Room  Distance between  Elevator Hall (Every each Manual Station story) < 60m. (Fire exit 60m. way)

Combination Box ( Radius cover < 30 m. )
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Fire Alarm Control Panel & Annunciator Panel

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Zone of Detection (1/3) (1
Area
Open Area - General Room

Independent Zone
1) Detection side distance < 30 m. 2) Area < 500 m2 ( can be mixed with 3 storey ) 3) Area < 1,000 m2 ( in same floor ) 4) Area < 2,000 m2 ( in open area no have wall & room ) Independent Zone * If need automatic detector followed EIT standard.

Close Area * - Under Floor - Above Ceiling - Under Roof Vertical Area - Exit Fire Stair - Elevator Shaft - M&E Shaft Important Area - Exit Fire Way - E/E Room - M/C Room - Hazardous Area - Wind Duct

Independent Zone

Independent Zone

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Zone of Detection (2/3) (2

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Zone of Detection (3/3) (3

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Minimum space of Detector

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Close Area Protection
* Close area no need for protect all area , but detect for Electrical equipment only.

Need install Detector

No need install Detector

Note :Under Access Floor use same concept

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Intermediate Horizontal Surface and Open Grid Ceiling Protection

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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Area No need Protection

1) Close area ( lighting < 100W & Panel < 500W 100W 500W & not use for Storage room.) 2) Canopy & Walk way (No wall) 3) No need install Heat detector in area have Sprinkler system 4) Toilet Area < 3.5 Sq.m.
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Fire Resistance Cable
(FR Cable 7500C 1 Hrs. / IEC 331 or BS 6387 or AS 3013) 3013) 1 ) Cable in Electrical Shaft 2 ) Cable between FCP to Alarm Device 3 ) Cable for control and send signal to Fire protection system Except : Cable in Fire wall protection area (> 1 Hr.)
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

BATTERY RATE 1) Stand by 24 Hrs. 2) Alarm Status 15 Mins 3) Capacity more than total load 25% 25%

Standby 24 Hrs.

Alarm 15 Mins.
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

Fire Alarm System Can be connect to Fire Protection System

1) Foam, CO2 System CO2 2) Elevator System 3) Pressured Fan System 4) Fire Pump System 5) Smoke Control System 6) Electromagnetic Door Holder System
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Rev.04 , Date : Sep·2009/01

End

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