Environmental studies

Pollution is any undesirable change in physical, chemical or biological characteristics of air, water or land

AIR WATER LAND

AIR POLLUTION
Sources: Burning of coal Vehicle emission industries

MANAGEMENT OF FOSSILS FEULS - other sources for electricity - reduce electricity consumption - use energy saving devises

WATER POLLUTION
TABLE 11.3 p225

Pathogens in SA waters

vibro cholerae - Cholera is an acute intestinal infection
Salmonella ptyphi - pathogen that inhabits the lympathic tissues of the small intestine, liver, spleen, and bloodstream of infected humans

Eutrophication is an increase in the concentration of chemical nutrients in
an ecosystem to an extent that increases the primary productivity of the ecosystem. Eutrophication promotes excessive plant growth and decay, favours simple algae and plankton over complicated plants causes a severe reduction in water quality. In aquatic environments, enhanced growth of choking aquatic vegetation or phytoplankton (e.g.algal blooms) disrupts normal functioning of the ecosystem, causing a variety of problems such as: a lack of oxygen in the water, needed for fish water becomes cloudy, coloured a shade of green, yellow, brown, or red.

EUTROPHICATION
Eutrophication decreases the resource
value of rivers, lakes, and estuaries such that recreation, fishing, hunting, and aesthetic enjoyment are hindered. Health-related problems can occur where eutrophic conditions interfere with drinking water treatment

CYCLE OF EUTROPHICATION
‡ Increase pollutants eutropication algae and plankton increase algal blooms decrease amount of light in water organisms die dead organic material increases bacteria increase - oxygen depletion more organims die phytoplankton takes over ‡ Local species cant survive eutropication alien species do - decrease in biodiversity

‡ LAND POLLUTION ‡ Land pollution Youtube ‡ We have 540 waste disposal sites and will exceed our capacity by 2013 ‡ HW activity 11.3 and 11.4 p 230

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