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How to learn Engineering

Sciences Fully from The

Noble Qur’an?

Dr. Zaid Kasim Ghazzawi

Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering
How to learn Civil Engineering
from the Noble Qur’an?
The Optimal Specifications for a Structure
 Strong: ability to withstand the applied loads
 Stiff: no large deformations upon loading
 Light weight: to minimize stresses due to
body loads
 Stable
How to know the design that
satisfies the optimal
?requirements for a structure
The answer can be found in the
Noble Qur’an
In The Name of Allah (God) The Most Compassionate The Most

And your Lord inspired the bee, saying:

"Take you habitations in the mountains
and in the trees and in what they erect.
The Noble Qur’an (16:

Why does Allah (God) mention creatures like bees,

trees, cattle, etc. in the Noble Qur’an?

To encourage those who read the Qur’an to

ponder and reflect upon the design and function
of these creatures
A Bio-System
And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in
the mountains and in the trees and in what they erect.

A Bee Hive has the following characteristics:

• High strength (to endure the weight of
Bee hive handles the bees)
weight of bees and • Large stiffness (to have small
vibrations with perfect deformations)
• Balanced (to endure large vibrations)
stability and strength • Light weight (to hang from a tree branch)
Stiff Material (Wax) Structure of Bee

Soft Material (Honey)

There is a need to understand
the structure and design of
bee’s honeycomb
In The Name of Allah (God) The Most Compassionate The Most

So no change will you find in Allah's

(God) Sunnah (way of dealing), and
no turning off will you find in Allah's
(God) Sunnah (way of dealing)
The Noble Qur’an (35: 43)

Any structure that bears load in

the creation of Allah (God)
Almighty should have a hexagonal
structural arrangement of its
The Use of Hexagonal Structural
Arrangement to Handle Loads

1. The use of minimum material to cover

maximum area (100% efficiency in material
2. This design results in maximum stiffness and
strength which are main design
requirements in load bearing structures.
Comparison of Bee’s Honeycomb
and Bone Components
 Bee’s honeycomb  Bone n-scale components
 Stiff material (wax)  Stiff material (Hydroxy
apatite crystals)

 Soft material (Honey)  Soft material (collagen)

Thus bone should be arranged in a

hexagonal packing arrangement
exactly like bee’s honeycomb
Mechanical Systems and the Human
Body 1996)
Hydroxy apatite

Collagen molecules
The design of
human bones on
the Nano-scale
Light Weight of
Bees’ Hive
Hexagonal Structure ensures the coverage of
maximum volume with minimum amount of
Stability of
Bees’ Hive
Hexagonal Structure ensures stability of the
structure upon loading
The weight of the bees acts perpendicular to the
longitudinal axis of the hexagonal cells
Force Analysis on Bee




ΣF (in x-direction) = F – (2*F*cos60) =

ΣF (in y-direction) = F*sin60 – F*sin60
Stiffness and
Strength of Bees’
The material used in construction (wax)
is stiff and strong
The slenderness ratio is equal to 1
(No Buckling)
And He it is Who has created the heavens and the earth in six Days
and His Throne was on the water, that He might try you, which of you
is the best in deeds.

Who has created the seven heavens one above
another, you can see no fault in the creations of the
Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can you see any
What are the optimal ratios of
thickness to radius to design
structural members?
The answer can be derived from
The Noble Qur’an
The answer is found from the design of
human bone

 Thickness to radius ratio = 10
 The ratio of material area to total area =
Dr. Zaid Kasim Ghazzawi

E-mail :

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