A SUMMER TRAINING PROJECT REPORT AT

UNION QUALITY PLASTICS LIMITED
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULLFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT OF BBA PROGRAMME

PREPARED BY ABHISHEK RAHUL PANDAY HARDIK SHAH KINCHIT RAI

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF M/s MONIKA SONI MR. Sunil Kumar Tripathi

By. Kinchit Rai

Company profile
Name of the company Union Quality Plastics Ltd Registered Office AGH Chambers 5th floor 379/Narsi Natha Street Masjid, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400009 India

Authorized Share Capital

70 Lacks

Year of Establishment

1981

Type Of Company

Public Limited Company

Group

Kathawala Group

Product

Woven Fabrics, Woven Bags, Tarpaulin

Production capacity

3600 Tons Per Annum

Board of Directors

Z.D.Kathawala

Stock Exchange

Bombay Stock Exchange

Plastic is a common name for Polymers: materials made of long strings of carbon and other elements. Each unit in a string is called a monomer, and is a chemical usually derived from oil. The monomer is made into polymer by chain-linking reactions. This is like making a daisy chain. Instead of flowers, carbon atoms are joined together. The appearance of the daisy chain will be different if you use different coloured flowers, and so will polymers. There are many different types of plastic, depending on the starting monomer selected, the length of polymer chains, and the type of modifying compounds added. Each plastic has been developed for a special purpose.
There are two main groups of plastics: 1. THERMOPLASTICS soften with heat and harden with cooling. Some typical thermoplastics are: ‡Acrylic (Perspex) ‡Acrylo-nitrile (Nylon) Pr erties ‡Polyethylene (Polythene) ‡Polypropylene Pl ti r ‡Poly Vinyl Acetate (PVA) ‡ ttr ti ‡Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) ‡H r li r ‡Polystyrene and ABS ‡ ft r r ‡PTFE (Teflon) ‡ li r ‡ l i l ‡G i l t r f ‡Li t i t ‡H i i ‡ -r ti ‡ t ‡

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THE FOLLOWING ARE THE PRODUCTS OFFERED BY UNION QUALITY PLASTICS LIMITED:

WOVEN FABRICS ´ TARPAULINES ´ WOVEN BAGS
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By. Hardik Shah

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT

Production is the process of converting Raw Material or other input into the Product for further production or Service so that the utility and need of the customer are satisfied. 1.Service of Transport, Banking Sectors Etc. 2.Union quality converts DPE/ DPE Plastic granuals into Bobbins For the further production of Woven Fabrics

TYPES OF PRODUCT
The following are the products offered by Union Quality Plastics Limited:
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HDPE/PP WOVEN FABRICS

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HDPE TARPAULINES

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WOVEN BAGS

The products of Union Quality Plastics imited have obtained Certificate of Quality as per ISO Standard 9001:2000 for DPE/ DPE and Woven Fabrics with Specialization in Tarpaulins from ORION Registrar, INC., USA.

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TARPAULIN PRODUCT ¶S SPECIFICATION PROVIDE THE PRODUCT AS PER CUSTOMER DEMAND; THE SPECIFICATIONS VARY FROM CUSTOMER TO CUSTOMER GSM FROM 70 TO 350 GSM. MESH FROM 6 X 6 TO 16 X 16 DENIER FROM 600 UPTO 1500 WIDTH FROM 4ft AND ABOVE LENGTH FROM 6 ft AND ABOVE LAMINATION LDPE LAMINATION ON BOTH SIDE COLOR Blue, Yellow, Black, Silver/Blue, Silver/White, Silver/Black or as per Customer requirement. EYELET Rust proof Eyelets on all Sides and Corners (as per requirement) UV AS PER REQUIREMENT ROPE INSERTED IN BORDERS OF TARPAULIN

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HDPE /LDPE WOVEN BAGS PRODUCTS SPECIFICATION SIZE Width: Range - 12" (300mm) to 33"(840mm) Length: As per customer's specifications MESH ( WEAVE) From 6 X 6 to 14 X 14 SPECIFICATIONS OF STRENGTH For Fertilizers IS: 9755:2003 For Cement IS: 11652:2000 For Tarpaulins IS: 7903:1995 COLOURS / SIDE STRIPS Milky White, Golden Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Pink, Green, Red, Ivory, Blue, Black etc. with shade as per buyers choice. LAMINATION (COATING) Inside / outside, with mirror or matt finishing. PRINTING Three Colour Flexo Printing Single / Double Side. Corona treated with tape test ink.

PLANT LAYOUT OF UNION QUALITY PLASTICS LIMITED
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Plant layout is the arrangement of Machinery, Equipment and facilities such as tool room, Inspection cabins, etc so as to ensure smooth and quick minimum material handling quality of operation and good communication. The Union Quality Plastics Limited Follows the Process Layout: - The entire machine performing similar type of operation is grouped together at one location.

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THE PLANT LAYOUT OF UNION QUALITY PLASTICS LIMITED

PROCESS F OW C ART
RAW MATERIAL FEEDING TO HOPPER MELTING OF MATERIAL BY HEATING EXTRUSION OF MOLTEN MATERIAL IN THE FORM OF SHEET SLITTING OF SHEET TO MAKE TAPES STREATCHING OF TAPES MAKING OF BOBBINS FABRIC MAKING BY WAEAVING PROCESS IN LOOM MAKING FABRIC IN THE FORM OF ROLLS LAMINATION IS DONE ON WOVEN FABRIC DIFFERENT SIZES OF FABRICS WELDING AND CUTTING CENTRE SEALING,SIDE SEALING,ROPE HEMMING,SIZE CUTTING,EYELETTING,PRINTING&PACKING IS DONE OR MAKING OF BAG AS PER REQUIREMENT MARKING AS PER CUSTOMER REQUIREMENT GOODS ARE READY FOR DISPATCH

PRODUCTION OF FLAT TAPE
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Raw materials to produce flat TAPE is high density polyethylene [HDPE] + Calcium Carbonate + Filler to avoid fibrillation of tape. If they required any colour tape, they mix some percentage of master batches that is polymer based. They have two extrusion lines for flat tape production. One is KTK-90mm Windsor Tape plant and other is Kolsite 90mm Tape plant. Capacity of this department is ² 150 tons per month.

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Raw materials required for Tap plant is ² HDPE/LDPE/PP granuals and Filler/Master batch. The raw material is stored in the hopper, which goes to screw barrel for melting process. Melted Raw materials moved to die which converts in to film. There is a cutter which cuts the film into desired width as per requirement. Then it moves to pull roller for strength checking and after checking the strength it moves to the winder for winding.

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PRODUCTION OF HDPE WOVEN FABRIC
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WE PROVIDE THE PRODUCT AS PER CUSTOMER DEMAND; THE SPECIFICATIONS VARY FROM CUSTOMER TO CUSTOMER. The Company is flexible with its product design and quality based on customer need and purpose of product. It endures to provide flexible, strong and weather resistant products. The need of the customer is at the top of the companies priorities and therefore it offers wide range of elite quality products. We provide roll to roll printing and cutting of bags/sacks. We have 8 ft./2.6mtr Wide lamination facilities. We can print four colors one side. We can provide bias tubing fabric For weaving of fabrics they have separate weaving department they have different type of weaving machine, as

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HDN ² 4 LOHIA STARLINGER HDN ² 6 LOHIA STARLINGER HDN ² 6 GCL make BANGLORE HDN ² 8 GCL make BANGLORE In four shuttle machine usually they make fabric up to 60µ flat width mesh size varies [8 * 8] to [12 * 12] In six shuttle machine they can make fabric up to 104µ In eight shuttle machine they can make width of 144µ Numbers of machines is as under:-

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HDN ² 4 HDN ² 6 HDN _ 8 Total _
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18 11 02 31

Capacity of these departments is 5000Kg per day.

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The Union Quality Plastics Ltd. Uses circular looms for making woven fabrics The circular machine is fitted on both the side of the cril stand were the bobbins are fitted. Then the tape is moved to the circular machine for weaving process from where the tube form fabric is being made. The cutter is fitted on the top of the circular machine where the tube form fabric is cut and finally it goes to winder for winding.

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FABRIC COATING (LAMINATION SECTION)
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They have three lamination plant of different capacity First one is having 98µ Die opening and hence capable to coat up to 96µ Fabric Second one is having 74µ Die opening and can coat 72µ Fabric Third one is having 52µ Die opening and can coat 50µ Fabric successfully
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Raw material used for coating purpose is low density polyethylene [LDPE] and Linear Low Density Polyethylene [LLDPE] ² Master batches for desired colour. They have some customers who buy directly roll without doing any further process and use as per his requirement. They can coat fabric from 70GSM to 600GSM. For different customer requirement

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They also laminate HDPE Woven fabrics with craft paper in different width like from 40µ to 94µ. And this process is known as sandwich Process.

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Stitching

They have stitching department where they make different kinds of bags for sugar packing, for foam packing, for textile industries and for chemical packing. ´ Their Capacity in this department is to make 4000Nos. of big size per day.
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Tarpaulin Their capacity of tarpaulin section is 175 tones per month. They have got 5 Sealing machine and they make tarpaulins size [6· * 6·] to [100· * 100·] they have four automatic Eyeleting machines which makes as enable to take faster production with good quality of Eyelet fitting The following are the raw materials used in manufacturing Tarpaulin:

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Plastic Granules: Plastic Granules are the primary material for producing PE tape and laminating tarpaulin. Company mainly uses two types of plastic granules
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HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene)

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Eyelets: Eyelets are metal, plastic, or rubber rings that are inserted into a hole made through another material. It is used to strengthen the holes prevents the material from tearing through the hole, thereby providing structural integrity. Eyelets are generally used decoratively. Colour Masterbatch: Master batch of colour is used to colour raw polymer during plastic manufacturing process. Dori: Dori is a Plastic String that is used in tarpaulin for making it stronger and also used in sealing the borders of the sheet. It consists of various colours according to the respective colours of sheets.

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By. Hardik Shah

QUALITY POLICY

QUALITY ASSURANCE LAB OF UNION QUALITY PLASTICS LIMITED
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The lab of the quality assurance department is well equipped with latest test gauges, instruments and updated fixtures. In the quality assurance lab, we have seen various techniques of layout inspection like Humidity chamber, Hot air oven, Thickness gauge, Tensile Tester.

FUNCTIONS OF STORAGE DEPARTMENT
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First Transport department receives the product. The product is then dispatch to clearance & forward section. C&F section collects, entering consignment & dispatch product. Function of the receipt, stock and issue section will be to receive the material from C&F section, check the same with the supply order stock them and issued them, whenever required. The receipt section will maintain record of the supply orders item wise. After the completion of inspection, the next step is preparation of Good·s Received Voucher. Separate GRV will be prepared for stores, spares and capital items. The GRV is then sent to stock holder, stockholder check the GRV & sign it & returned back to C&F section. One copy of the GRV will send to the finance department for the payment of the suppliers. Quality assurance department assures the quality and make quality assurance certificate. One copy of the quality assurance will send to the finance

By. Kinchit Rai

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MARKETING DEPARTMENT
Everything from you that touches your customers and prospects affects your ability to keep and increase their business with you. It's all marketing. ´ UQPL is having an effective, efficient, talented and well qualified Marketing staff.
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MARKETIN
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FUNCTIONS AT UQP

Focus on the Customer ´ Monitor the Competition ´ Communicate Internally ´ Identify consumers· needs ´ Applications of the products

4 P¶S OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT
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Product « Woven Fabrics « Woven Bags « Tarpaulins Price « Current rate of HDPE/LDPE/PP Plastics Granuals + Processing Charge (Wages, Electricity, Maintenance, etc.) + Profit = Price of Final Product

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Place International Market ² China ² Burma ² South Africa ² Bangladesh ² South Korea National Market ² Maharastra ² Gujarat ² Andhra Pradesh ² Kerala ² Punjab

By. Abhishek Neogi

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HR DEPARTMENT
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It is the function of guiding HR in to dynamic organization that attains its objective with high degree of morale and satisfaction t those who are concern. It is concern with employees as well as group and helping the employers to maximize their capacities and potentialities to the possible extent.

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HR VISION
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´To attain organizational excellence by developing & inspiring the true potential of company·s human capital & providing opportunities for growth, well being and enrichment.µ

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HR MISSION
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´To create a value & knowledge based organization by inculcating a culture of learning, innovation & team working and aligning business priorities with aspiration of employees leading to development of an empowered, responsiveness and competent human capital.µ

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HR OBJECTIVES
To provide job contentment through empowerment accountability and ´ Responsibilities. ´ To foster a climate of creativity, innovation and enthusiasm. ´ To enhance the quality of life of employees and their family.
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OR ANIZATION C ART

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RECRUITMENT & SE ECTION PROCESS
Job Vacancy Recruitment Planning -Numbers -Types Strategy Development -Where -How -When Searching -Source Activation -Selling Pool of Applicant Preliminary Interview

Permanent Selection

6 months Probation period

2nd Interview by Managers of respective Department
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SOURCES OF RECRUITMENT
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Union Quality Plastics Limited believes in Internal Recruitment. The recruitment by this company is centralized and is done by BOD.

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SELECTION PROCESS IN UNION QUALITY PLASTIC LTD IS CARRIED OUT AS FOLLOW:
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Searching of Profile of the applicant those have applied for jobs. The unwanted applicants which are totally not suitable for the post are screened out or are kept safely for junior post. After the screening of applicant the venue, time and date for interview are fixed. The applicants who are suitable for the job are sent the call letter or are called by company. Then the interview is being conducted by BOD. The applicants who match the requirement for the job are sent the offer letter or final letter for the job . If the job offered is accepted by the applicant, then the employment contract is being signed by the applicant and the organization.
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INDUCTION
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All BOD·S are expected to plan a formal induction programmed for all the candidates joining the company in order to help the candidates in Acquiring an over all grasp of companies operations. Integration of his assignment without other functions. Understanding the organizational values and work cultures. The induction programmed also includes visiting factories and markets wherever necessary before the employees settles downs on his specific assignments. There will be a monthly presentation for employees joining during that month on the company.
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TRAINING ´ TYPES OF TRAINING PROGRAMS
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REGIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTE: It is training given on regional based. This training is mainly for staff members. GRADUATE TRAINING: It is also known as induction training. It introduces new joiners to organization.
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TRANSFER POLICY
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Individual preference and recommendation of the asset manager Project\functional heads are the basis for job rotation\transfers. However, organization needs will be the prime-determining factor. Executives not to be shifted if they have served only two years in a station. Sensitive posting are to be rotated after every three years. Field party personal working physically for five years in north east sector There treated to have completed their tenure in north - east sector.
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COMPENSATION ´ Accidental insurance ´ Employee welfare committees
I. II. III. IV. V. VI.

VII. VIII.

IX.

Indoor games Outdoor games Sports, annual sports and any other athletic activity Cultural activities including audio-visual activities. Library cum reading room Any other activity, which may be specially approved by the central Welfare committee. The committee consists of a president, a vice president and ten other Members.
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PERFORMANCE APPRISAL
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Performance appraisal is the system used to evaluate the performance of employees, and to provide some rewards and incentives on their performance. Performance appraisal focused primarily on helping the individual to develop his\her present role capability for that role. To provide feedback to employees so that they come to know where they stand and can improve job. To know the strengths and weakness of individual so as to identify needs of training. To provide the motivation to the employee. To develop positive superior subordinates relationship. To test effectiveness of recruitment and selection programs
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EMPLOYEE WELFARE COMMITTEES
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EWC have been set up in various offices\projects, to cater the athletic, cultural, literary and other welfare and recreational activities of the commission·s employees.

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By. Rahul Pandey

FINANCE DEPARTMENT
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Finance department looks after all the financial needs of the entire department in the organization. It prepares budget, which shows the present status of the company.

ACCOUNTING RATIOS
Accounting ratios are the relationships expressed in mathematically terms between the figures with each other in any other manner. It is widely tool for the financial analysis. One can draw conclusions about the exact financial position of a concern with the help of the ratios. Classification of the Ratios: Traditional Classification: The Traditional Classification has been on the basis of the financial statement to which the determination of ratio belongs. The Traditional Ratio may be classified as;
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Profit & Loss Account Ratios, i.e., Ratio calculated on the basis of the items of Profit & Loss Account only. e.g. .Gross profit ratio, Stock turnover ratio, etc. Balance sheet ratio, i.e., Ratio calculated on the basis of the items of Balance sheet only. E.g. Current ratio, Debt equity ratio, etc. Inter ² Statement ratio, Ratio calculated on the basis of both the items of Balance sheet as well as the Profit & Loss Account, e.g. Fixed asset turnover ratio, Profitability ratio, etc.

Functional Classification: The Traditional Classification has been found to be too crude and unsuitable because analysis of balance sheet and income statement can·t be done in isolation. So in such situation the Functional Ratios are very useful. Functional Ratio may be classified as;
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Liquidity ratios. Turnover ratios. Profitability ratios. Financial ratios.

Mar '00

Mar '01

Mar '05

12 mths 12 mths

12 mths

Sources Of Funds Total Share Capital Equity Share Capital
Balance Share Application Money Sheet of Union Quality Plastic Industries. Preference Share Capital

4.82 4.82 0.00 0.00 -9.81 0.00 -4.99 12.55 4.55 17.10 12.11

4.82 4.82

4.82 4.82

0.00 0.00 ------------------- in Rs. Cr. ------------------0.00 -12.25 0.00 -7.43 13.19 4.24 17.43 10.00 0.00 -17.75 0.00 -12.93 12.94 4.82 17.76 4.83

Reserves Reval ation Reserves Networth Sec red Loans Unsec red Loans Total Debt Total Liabilities

Mar '00

Mar '01

Mar '05 12 mths

12 mths 12 mths Application Of Funds Gross Block Less: Accum. Depreciation Net Block apital ork in ro ress Investments Inventories Sundry Debtors ash and Bank Balance Total urrent Assets Loans and Advances Fixed Deposits Total A, Loans & Advances Deffered redit urrent Liabilities rovisions Total L & rovisions Net urrent Assets Miscellaneous Expenses Total Assets 9.63 3.61 6.02 0.00 0.02 2.22 3.71 0.10 6.03 3.02 0.67 9.72 0.00 3.69 0.00 3.69 6.03 0.05 12.12 9.67 4.21 5.46 0.00 0.01 1.50 3.05 0.74 5.29 2.31 0.00 7.60 0.00 3.11 0.00 3.11 4.49 0.04 10.00

9.66 6.53 3.13 0.00 0.01 1.46 1.80 0.18 3.44 1.11 0.00 4.55 0.00 2.88 0.00 2.88 1.67 0.03 4.84

Contingent Liabilities

0.12

1.55

0.00

Book Value (Rs)

-10.32

-15.41

-26.83

Profit & Loss Accounts (Rs. in millions) March - 2005 (12 months) Sales Other Income Total Income Raw Material Cost Excise Other Expenses Operating Profit Interest Name Gross Profit Depreciation Profit Bef. Tax Tax Net Profit Other NonIncome ecurring 97.68 0.17 97.85 79.22 0.00 20.97 -2.52 0.00 -2.52 5.96 -8.31 0.00 -8.31 0.00 -8.31 0.00 -0.08 -0.08 -0.03 +0.06 -0.08 +0.21 -0.03 % +1.00 +0.00 +0.81

eported Profit Equity Dividend

SWOT ANALYSIS
Full form of SWOT
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S W O T

strengths weaknesses opportunities Threats

Meaning of SWOT Environmental scan

Internal analysis

external analysis

Strength

weaknesses

opportunities

threats

SWOT ANALYSIS OF UNION PLASTIC LTD.
STRENGTHS... Our products has obtained Certificate of Quality as per ISO Standard 9001:2000 for HDPE/LDPE and Woven Fabrics with Specialization in Tarpaulins from ORION Registrar, Inc; USA High standards of business ethics and organizational values. Providing quality products for customer satisfaction
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Weakness Limited capital Bad working environment Weak management
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Opportunity Diversified capital Domestic market. Strive for customer delight through quality products and services.
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Threats Huge competition Technology
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CONCLUTION
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Every activity has a purpose or an objective behind it. This project has helped us in gaining experience and acquiring certain knowledge about the company in practical life. It believes in maintaining good relationship with the customers & suppliers. The tarpaulin manufactured over here is of good quality so customers are reliable about the product.

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SUGGESTIONS
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Union Quality Plastics LTD should work towards increasing its profitability Inventory ordering should be managed in such a manner as to reduce the lock up of funds in inventories. Working environment should be improved for the safety of the workers. New technology should be adopted for increase in profits.

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