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Mathematics (M101)
Sequence and Series
B.Tech 1st Year 1st Semester
Teacher Name: Rahuldeb Das

O 
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Jecture 5

ccx In this lecture we will discuss about the method of double integrals. We will use this c
integrals to find the area of a region.c
cc
Jecture Note:c ccc c
cc
c
c c c c

c ccc
c cc

c c
c c
c 
c?  c
c
c
c
ccc
c
ccc
c c
 c
c c c c

c c c
c c
c  c c
c 
c
c
c
c c
ccc
 c
cc  cc cc
c 
 c c c cc
c  c
cc
c c

cc
c
c
cc
 c  cc
cc
c c
c c
cc
c c c
c
c
c c
 ccc 
c
cccc
cc c

cc cc
c cc
cc cc
 c c cc 
 cc
c
cc
! c"cc c c cc

ccc  c
c
c#ccc c  c
c

ccc cc  c cc
c
cc
c c cccc
cc
c
c
c
c c  c
 $
cccc
c c
 $
cc

c
ccc c  cc
c ccc 
c
ccc ccc 
ccc ccccc

c c c


 c 
 c
c c
c cc c cc
cc cc% cc
cc
 cccc

c
! c c
c cc
 c 
 c c c c
c$c c cc cc
cc% cc
cc c
c

c
cc

&
c cc 
 c
c
c
c

c c c
c
c c c cccc c
c cc

$cc cccc cc


cccc
 $
c

cc
c
c

c c
c
c
ccc c ccc
ccccccc
cc c
cc
c c
c c
c ccc c c
cc
cc
 c
c
 c
cc cc$
c
c c ccc
ccc
ccc
cc cc cc c c  c

cc
c
c

cc
! cccc

cccc
cccc c cc
c c
c c c
 c

cc c
ccc
cc c c
cc
c c c$
c
c
c c
c
c c c

c c
c 
 c
cc
% ccc 
c c c
cc
c c
c c c c

c c
c 
 
c
 cc
c c
cc
c
c cc  cc

cc
c
c

!cc
c
c  ccc
cc c
ccc
c c
cc
cc
c
c c
c
 c c
c c
c  c
c c
c
c  
c c
c
cc!c
cc  
cc c
c ccc
cc
c  ccc cc!c
c c

c cc
cccc
ccc
cc 
c c
ccc c cc c

cccc  c
c c
c
 c c
cc
!c
cc  
c ccc
c c c cc 
 ccccc c
c c c
c
cc
cc' c
c
ccccccc cc
cc
c c
cc
c c cc

ccc
cccc c ccccc c
c 
 ccc ccc c


cccc ccc
cccMidpoint Rulec

cc
c
c

c
c
c
c
Examples:
c M cc

c
 c cc  c c $c c cc

c

ccc
c

cc

c
(
c  c c $c cc

cc
c

c cc

cc
c
c

cc

c  ccc cc


c c ccc

)$c (cc

cccccccccccFigure: Caption textc


c
c
cc

cc
c
%cc

c
c

b) , O is the region bounded by and .c


cc
cc
c ccc cc c#
c  cc
cc
c ccccc
ccc
c
cccccc
cc c cc% cc
cc
cc

c
cc
c
c
(c ccc c
cc
c
c c#
c
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
c
cc
c
c ccc
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c

Assignments:

*c &

cc   c
c  c c
*c
c

+c
c

c
+c Mcc   ,c
*c c  c c
+c
c  c c

Multiple Choice Questions:

1.c The double integral ‘   dxdy exists where R is a region on x-y plane
a) Yes b) No


2. ‘  

a) 1 b) 12

c) 2 d) None


3.c ‘   

a) 2 b) -1

c) sin 2 d) None
Transformation of Double Integrals

Jecture 6

Objective: % c c c
cc
c c
c  c
c c
cc 
c cc

c c
c ccc
c  c
c ccc cc
c cc c
cc
  cc
cc c cc c c
c
  cc  ccc
cc
c
 cc
c c c  cc
 c

cc
cc
c c cccJacobianc c
c
  
cc
cc

Jecture Note

Definition:
cJacobianc cc
  
c c cc

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
! c
c c
cc-

cc cc
c c
c cc  
c  c
 c c

c  c
c
c
c
c
Change of Variables for a Double Integral:
(c
c c
cc
c c cc  ccc. cc
  
c c
cc  ccc
cc
cc

ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c

Example 1: cc&

 c  cccc
/
c  c c c cc c

c c
c c cc
  
c c
c c
cc
Solution:c
) cccc  cc
c c#
c  c
c ccc
c
cc
&
c cc#
c
c cc cc
c
c c c ccc
cc?  cc c
 c
c  cc ccc
cc
c cccc
cc c cc
ccc cc c
c
cc cc
c  c
cc
ccc
  
c
cc 
c c cccccc  cc
  
cc

c cc#
c
c
cc
c
cc c c c c

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c
   c cc
c

ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c!$c c
  c c

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c)
cc
  c c
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c  cccc
c 
 c cc
c cc c c c
c
c
ccc
 c c
c
cc
c

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c!$c ccc-

c

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

c
cc
c
c
ccc

ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c

Example 2:c&

c c  ccccc cc

c
c cc
  
 c c

Solutionc
c  c ccccc cc
  
ccc#
c  ccccc 
cc
 c
  cc
ccccccccccccccccc c
cc
' cc cc+c cc
cc#
c  cc
  cc
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
 ccc cc
cc ccc
 cc
c c
cc  
c  c
cc
!c
c c
c c c
cc c
c  c
 cc

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c c c
c
ccc c c
cc c
c  c cccccc
cc

c
cc
)
c ccc cc-

c

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
cc
c
ccc

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
cc
0  c  c
c  c c
ccc  cc1cc
cc
c c c
c c cc  cc
ccc#
c
cc
ccc
c
 cc  cc
ccc cc
cc
c ccc
 cc c c
c 
c
ccc
cc
cc c cc
c 
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
c
Assignments:

*c ‘         c  c2ccc  c$+c3c+c4c


+c
+c ‘          c cccc$+c3c+c4c
+c
  !
5c c. cc
  
c$6cc$3c6cc c
cc‘     c  c2cc
 
c  ccc$c3cc6c*c$c6cc7cc6c7c
c
c

Multiple Choice Questions:

# $
$ c ‘  " 

a)ab b)a2b2

c) 0 d) 1


)
2.c ‘  %&'( ( 

a) 0 b)1

c) ( d) N one
# 
3.c ‘   

#
a) 1 b)
*

# #
c) *
d) *

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