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SIA SmaartLive5 User Manual

SIA SmaartLive5 User Manual

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Published by Adrian Gardner
SIA SmaartLive5 User Manual for Windows
SIA SmaartLive5 User Manual for Windows

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Published by: Adrian Gardner on Jul 08, 2010
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Start SmaartLive and play a CD with pink noise or music (or turn on your noise genera-
tor). Click the
Smaart On button to start the Real-Time Analyzer. At this point you should
see two sets of frequency data bars corresponding to the two sound card inputs.
Adjust whatever external level controls are available on the EQ and CD player so that

Chapter 3: SmaartLive Applications

SIA SmaartLive Version 5 User Guide

Page 73

both signals are at approximately the same amplitude level. Check SmaartLive’s Input
Level Meters to ensure that input levels are not overloading the sound card inputs.

Practical Note: You may find it easier to match the levels of the two signals on the RTA
display if you use a narrowband RTA display rather than the default bar graph. To
enable the narrowband RTA display, select
Graph from the Options menu, check the
box labeled
Allow Narrowband RTA on the Graph tab of the Options dialog box, then
close the dialog and select “Lin” or “Log” on the
Scale spinner to the right of the plot.

When you have the two input signals matched in level, click the Transfer button. The
Smart Live display will change to a single trace that shows the
difference between
the two signals, i.e., the frequency magnitude response of the equalizer, in real time.

By default, the transfer function calculation divides the signal from Left input (channel
0) by the signal from the
Right input (channel 1). If you change the equalizer setting to
add a cut (attenuation) filter, and the transfer function trace shows a gain (an upward
deflection on the trace) at the filter frequency, the inputs are swapped. You can correct
this one of two ways:

1.Swap the cables to change the input channels to the sound card, or

2.Click the button labeled Swap that appears to the right of the plot in Transfer
Function mode.

Because all connections in this setup are electrical, the frequency response of the
equalizer should be easy to see on the
Transfer Function display. If all of the equalizer’s
filters are bypassed (or set to zero) the
Transfer Function trace should be a flat line at
0 dB. If the line is flat but is offset from zero, there are two possible corrections:

•Return to Spectrum mode (click the Spectrum button to the right of the plot), and
readjust the level of each input signal so the traces appear to be about equal in
amplitude on the RTA display or

•Use the dB +/– control (to the right of the plot) to move the transfer function trace
up or down on the plot so that the line is at 0 dB.

You can experiment with different EQ settings, sampling rates, FFT sizes, and types of
music or other test signals. Notice that the measurement diverges, i.e., becomes very
erratic, if you switch off the signal source (the CD player or noise generator) and/or at
frequencies where the source signal has no energy. This is because SmaartLive is still
measuring the “self-noise” of the computer sound card and/or external components.

Chapter 3: SmaartLive Applications

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SIA SmaartLive Version 5 User Guide

Note: In example two, it was not necessary to compensate for delay. The delay
through almost any analog equalizer will be insignificant compared to the length of
the FFTs used in the transfer function calculation. When measuring loudspeakers
(using a microphone) or digital devices, SmaartLive’s
Delay Locator and internal
delay feature must be used to align of the two signals (in time) before making a
transfer function measurement (see
Example Application 3).

Example Application 3

Measuring A Loudspeaker

In this example, we use SmaartLive’s Transfer Function and Delay Locator to perform
two measurements of the frequency response of a loudspeaker, and introduce the
Reference Trace feature.

These measurements require the following components:

1.An external noise source, such as a CD player or noise generator

2An amplifier and loudspeaker

3.A measurement microphone with very flat frequency response (and a preamp/
phantom power supply if necessary)

4.Cables and adapters to make the required connections, including one Y-cable

Connect all the components as shown in Figure #3 below.

Figure #3

Amplifier

Microphone

Preamp/
Phantom
Power
Supply

Loudspeaker

System Under Test

Signal
Source

Computer

Left

Right

Chapter 3: SmaartLive Applications

SIA SmaartLive Version 5 User Guide

Page 75

Measurement Setup

As show in Figure #3, one output channel of the CD player (or other noise source)
is split so that one branch of a Y-cable is driving the Right computer sound input
(channel 1). The other branch drives an amplifier and loudspeaker. The output of the
microphone (or mic. preamp) is connected to the Left sound card input (channel 0).
This setup creates two signal paths. The signal path starting at the CD player and
connected directly to the computer is called the
reference signal. The signal returning
from the microphone is the
measurement signal.

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