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International Trade

International Trade

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Published by: vinothkumararaja8249 on Jul 12, 2010
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10/19/2014

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(i) EXPORT INSPECTION AGENCIES:

For carrying out pre-shipment inspection of export of goods, the Government of

India has established five export inspection agencies one each at Calcutta, chennai,

cochin, Delhi and Mumbai under the technical and administrative control of the EIC. The

Export inspection agencies have also been authorized by the Government of India to

issue certificates of orgin under the Generalised system of preferences for export to

Japan, EEC, USA and East European countries.

(ii) OTHER AGENCIES:

Government has also recognized 21 private inspection agencies and 7 government

inspection agencies to supplement the work of quality certification.

SYSTEM OF INSPECTION

Three Systems of inspection are in operation at present. They are:

1. Consignment-Wise Inspection

2. In-Process Quality Control

3. Self-certification

CONSIGNMENT-WISE INSPECTION:

Under consignment-wise inspection, each export consignment is inspected and

tested by the recognized inspection agencies by selecting consignments on the basis of

statistical sampling plan to satisfy conformity of the products with the prescribed

standards.

IN-PROCESS QUALITY CONTROL:

This system lays emphasis on the responsibility of the manufacturers and

processors in ensuring consistent quality during each stage of production by exercising

checks on materials, components through inspecting process centers. The certifications of

inspection in favour of units approved under the scheme are issued by the Export

Inspecting Agencies. These units are under the supervision by the Export Inspection

Agencies through random spot checks.

SELF-CERTIFICATION:

Under this system the manufacturing units fulfilling the norms prescribed are

authorized by the central government to issue certificates of inspection under the Act by

themselves for their products.

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