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B a.1 2.net.il, TeA. +972 55 70 50 49

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KHlUKKOBa KpaMHI1U51 ...

.. 12,31

CHH'IYK I. Jlitorpamopn «I1cTOpl1'leCKOrO Onl1CaHI15I nepexeu B onexae 11 BOOp~eHI1I1

POCCl1ilcKI1X BOHCK 1855-1881 rr.» 51K Q:>MepI1CTJ11me )],)I(epeJlo .............14

IIaxoJIKo c., MapTHH O. Bepexaan Y Q:>MepI1CTI1lIHI1X naa'srxax 1914-1939 pp 16

IIaxoJIKO C., MapTHH 0., OJIiHHHK A. YKpallicbKe piJIbHHUTBO, npoxncen i xoonepauis

na fMl1'mHi Y <panepl1CTl1'ml1X naM'51TKax KiHUH XIX - nO'laTKY XX CT ....

TicOR f., lliHPIIIOR B. Haroponu xpain csiry Adnanicran (npo008J1CeHIfJI) ..

................ 19

........................................... 23

,IJ,eCIITHiKOR A. BiAo6p3)l(eHH5I Y «3an11CKaX npo MOCKOBiJO» Cl1ri3MYH)]'a Iepfiepurreana

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..... 39

OrOJlOWeHHH xonextrionepis

Dnocrpanii nns )],onOBHeHI15I xaranory MOHeT YKpalHI1

. . .............................42

................................................................................................................... 44

,IJ,eCIITHiKOR I. fPOWOBi 3HaKl1 Ilearpatsnoro xouirery Hauiouansnoro Q:>POHTY

BI13BOJIeHI15I Iliaaeaaoro B'eTHaMY.

....................................... 45

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. 9

.......................................................................................................................................................................... . _.~,31

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IIaxoJIKo C., Maprun O. Bepexanu B Q:>MepI1CTI1'!'leCKI1X naM51TKKaX 1914-1939 rr 16

IIaxOJIKO C., MapTHH 0., OJIHHHblK A. YKpal1HCKOe 3eMJIe)],eJll1e, npOMblCeJII1 KOonepaUI15I

B fMI1'll1He B <pMepI1CTl1'leCKI1X naM51TKax XIX - naxana XX B ....

TuCOR I', lliHPIIIOR B. Harpanu ctpan Ml1pa. A<praHI1CTaH (npOOOJlJICeHue)

........................ 19

.....23

,IJ,eclITHHKOR A. OTo6p3)l(eHI1e B (<3anI1CKaX 0 MOCKOBI1I1» C}U'113MYH)],a Iepoepurreaua

I1CTOPI1I1 )],eHe)I(HOrO o6pameHI15I Pyca

.... .......32

CeMeHOR B. «fie3MOHeTHbIH nepnon» 11 «MeXOBble» )],eHbfl1 B HOBropo)]'cKOH 11 PyccKoil

)],eHe)I(HO-BeCOBbIX CI1CTeMaX XII-XIV BB.

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...... ....................................35

................................................ 39

06bHBJleHI1H KOJIJ1eKl(110HepOB .....

......................................................................................_42

IJ1JOCTpaUI1I1)l,J151 )],onOJ1HeHI15I xaranora MOHeT YKpaI1Hbl 44

,IJ,ecHTHHKOR II. ,IJ,eHe)l(Hble 3HaKI1 llenrpansuoro KOMI1TeTa HaUl10HMbHOro <ppoHTa

OCBo6olK.ll,eHI15I IQ)l(Horo Bsernava ...

............................................................................................................................................... 45

9

N24(36) 2005 AOBiAKOBO-iHcpopMalliI1HHI1 >KypHaA

3ape€CTpOBaHO

y MiHicTepcTBi YKpa"iHH B cnpasax npeca ra iHcpopMalli"i

CBiAOllTBO "PO peecrpauuo KB 2322 BiA 05.11.1996 p.

rOAOBHHH peAaKTop

MaKCMM 3arpe6a 3acTynHHKH rOAOBHoro p e aaxr op a:

B'AyeCAaB OHHIUYK, Pa"ica ~yweBa-OMeAbAHYHK PeAaKlIil1Ha KOAeriA:

BaAepiH AypOB BOAOAHMHP KOpHiHYyK

Oxer KpHByweHKo nHBOBapOB c. B., KaHA. iCTOp. HayK Cepria COKOAOB

AMHTpO Xapirosoa l.lexoBCbKHI1 I. r., KaHA. icrop. HayK BiAnOBiAaAbHHH c exp e r ap AHTOHiHa 60ryWKO

Ai r e p a r yp a i p e aax r o p a:

BceBoAoA r aBpHAOB

Aapaca 60pOAaYOBa XYAO>KHbO-reXHiYHHH p e aax r op TeTAHa WYAbra KOMn'IOTepHe MaKeTYBaHHA Cepria niOHTKOBCbKHH

3A3HO AO CKAaAaHHA 15. 09. 2005 niAnHeaHo AO ApyKy 05. 11. 2005 <l>opMaT 60x90/8. nanip KpeHAoBaHHH ApyK ocpeeTHHH. HaKAaA 2000 np. 3aM.1850 BHroToBAeHHA 0pHriHaA-MaKery

ra APYK BHAaBHHlITBa «AOrOC»

AApeea MA KopeenoHAeHlIi"i:

YKpa"iHa, 02147, KH"iB-147, ale 43

E-mail: numismat@i.kiev.ua www.numismaties.kiev.ua

KOHTaKTHi TeAecpoHH: (044) 594-7669 (044) 544-9013

PeAaKlIiA He 3aB>KAH nOAiAA€ norAAAH aaropia ny6AiKalliH.

3a AoeTOBipHieTb cpaKTiB, lIHCPp, TOYHieTb iMeH ra npi3BHIU BiAnOBiAalOTb aBTOpH crareu,

a aa 3MieT peKAaMHHX MaTepiaAiB - peKAaMoAaBlIi.

© yci "paBa 3ax"~eHi. nepeApYK MO>KA"B"" A"We 3 A03BOAY peAaKlIli.

Paholko S., Martyn O. Berezhany in mint booklets of 1914-1939... . .. .. J6

Paholko S., Martyn 0., Oliynyk A. Ukrainian agriculture, crafts and cooperation in Galicia Registration certificate KB 2322,

dated 05.11.1996

(~ IN __ T __ H_I_S __ I_S_S_U_E )~------------------------~

New coins of Ukraine .....

Ukraine's memorable coins minting plan for 2006 ....

...... ...-3

.. .... ......9

Bookshop ...

. 12, 31

Sychuk I. Lithographs «Historical description of changes in Russian army uniform and arms

in 1855-1881 » as a faleristic expert source .

. J4

in faleristic booklets at the turn of 19th - beginning of 20th cc ...

. 19

Tysov G., Shyrshov V. National Awards. Afghanistan (sequel) 23

Desiatnikov A. Russia's monetary circulation in Sigmund Herberstein's

«Sketches on Muscovys.,.. . 32

Semenov V. «Nonmonetary Period» and «Fur Money» in Novgorod and Russia's

monetary and weight systems in the 12th-14th cc.c., ...................35

Coins ofTransnistrian and Moldovan republics (catalogue}..... . 39

Collector Ads ....

Illustrations in addition to the Ukrainian Coins Catalogue

Desiatnikov I. Banknotes of the Central Committee of South Vietnam's National

Liberation FronL.

(I N HAL T S V E R Z E I C H N I S )~-----------------------------.

Neue Meunzen der Ukraine ...

...................................................................................................................................... 3

Ausgabeplan der Gedenkrneunzen der Ukraine feur 2006 ....

Buchhandlung .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................•

Sintschuk I. Graveuren «Historische Beschreibung der Eanderungen in Kleidung und

. 9

Ausreustung der russischen Truppen 1855-1881» als phaleristische Quelle J4

Pacholko S., Martyn O. Bereshany in den Faleristik-Denkschriften 1914-1939..J6 Pacholko S., Martyn 0., OJijnyk A. Ukrainische Agrikultur, Gewerbe und Kooperation

in Galizien in den phaleristischen Denkschriften im 19. Anfang des 20. Jh J9

Tissow G., Schirschow W. Auszeichnungen der Leander der Welt. Afganistan (Fortsetzung)23 Dessjatnikow A. Abbild der Geschichte des Geldumlaufs in Russland irn Bericht «Rerum

moscoviticarum commentarii ... » von Sigismund von Herberstein ...

Semjonow W. -Meunzlose Zeit und «Fellgeldr in den Nowgoroder und Russischen

Geld- und Gewichtssystemen von 12.-14. Jh .

. 35

Die Meunzen der Pridnestowskaja Republik und der Republik Moldowa(Katalog) 39

Anzeige der Sammler. .

. 42

Illustrationen feur die Ergeanzung des Meunzkataloges der Ukraine 44

Desjatnikow I. Geldzeichen des Zentralkomitees der Nationalfront

der Befreiung Seudvietnams ...

........ A5

31

International Coin Trend Magazine

October-December

Registered with the Press and Information Ministry of Ukraine

Ed i to r-i n-C h i ef:

Maxym Zahreba Deputy Editor-in-Chief:

Vyatcheslav Onyshchuk, Raysa Yausheva-Omelyanchyk

Editorial Board:

Valeri Durov Volodymyr Korniytchuk Oleg Krivushenko Dr. Pyvovarov S. V.

Sergiy Sokolov Dmytro Kharytonov Dr. Chehovsky I. G.

Mailing Address:

P. O. box 43 Kyiv-02147 Ukraine

E-mail: numismat@i.kiev.ua www.numismatics.kiev.ua

Contact Phones:

(+38044) 594-7669 (+38044) 544-9013

The Editorial Board does not necessarily share the author's opinions.

The authors assume full responsibility for their materials. including all of the personal and place names mentioned therein.

The advertisers..and advertising agencies are responsible for the accuracy of their information.

© All rights reserved

Any materials contained in this publication can be reprinted, duplicated or otherwise distributed only with the Editors' knowledge and consent.

HaUHoHaRbHhl~ fiaHK YKpaHHhl HH.opMHpyeT

B rry6JII1KaUJ15[X HaUHOHaJIbHOrO 6aHKa YKpal1HbI paccxassrsaercs 0 HOBbIX naM51rHbIX MOHerax YKpaHHbl. )J,aerCH xpatxaa HHcpopMaUJ15I 06 I1CrOpWleCKl1X C06bITI15IX, xoropux nOCBHIueHbI MOHerbl, HX ormcarrae 11 reXHWIeCKl1e xapaxrepncnooi, CBe,neHJ15[ 06 asropax 3CKH30B H mnCOBbIX Mo,neJIeM.

National Bank of Ukraine informs

Publications of the National Bank of Ukraine give information about the new memorable coins of Ukraine. Brief information about historical events reflected by the coins, their description and technical parametres, data about the authors of sketches and Paris plaster models are given.

Die Nationalbank der Ukraine informiert

In den Veroeffentlichungen der Nationalbank der Ukraine handelt es sich urn neue Gedenkrnuenzen der Ukraine. Es werden kurze Informationen ueber die historischen Ereignisse, denen die Muenzen gewidmet sind, ihre Beschreibung und technische Charakteristik sowie ueber die Autoren der Skizzen und GipsmodelJe gegeben.

----------------------------------------------_- ---- - -

COPOqIIHCbKlIM 5IpMapOK

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Moaery HOMiHaJIOM 20 rpnaem, Bl1rorOBJIeHO ia cpitina, nxicrs - «npyd», Maca B sncrori - 62,2 r, ,niaMerp - 50,0 MM,

THpmK - 5 000 IIIrYK. Iypr MOHerH - cexropansne pl1cpJIeHIDI.

Monery HOMiHaJIOM 5 rpnsem, BHrOrOBJIeHO 3 HeM3HJIb6epy, sxicrs - «crreuiaJIbHHM aHUHPKYJIeMre,n», Maca - 16,54 r, ,niaMerp - 35,0 MM, rl1pmK- 60.000 IIIryK. fypr MOHeTH - pHcpJIeHI1M.

Ha asepci MOHer y nenrpi na TJIi yspaincsxoro rreM3mKY 306pa)l(eHO

M. B. Iorona ra nora nireparypnoro repos Pynoro Ilansxa, yropi rriBKOJIOM poaxiiueuo HanHC YKPAlHA, nin HI1M - MaJIl1M )J,ep)l(aBHHM fep6 YKpa'iHI1, pix Kap6ysaHHH MOHeTH 20-05 ra HaIIHCI1: na MOHeri ai cpitina - 20/ fPIIBEHh, n03Ha'leHIDI MeraJIY ra Mora rrp0611 - Ag 925, Maca B '1l1crori - 62,2; na xoneri 3 HeM3HJIb6epy - 5/fPIIBEHh.

Ha pesepci MOHer 306pmKeHO fiararodiirypny KOMrr03I1uiIO, xapaxrepny ,Ll,JIH cinscsxoro HpMapKY XIX - XX cronirs,

ra yropi rriBKOJIOM posainteno nanac COPOqIIHChKHM HPMAPOK.

Xyno)I(HHK - MI1KOJIa Koqy6eM. CKYJIbIITOPI1 - POMaH l.JaMKOBCbKl1M, BOJIOnHMHp AraMaH'IYK.

HYMi3MaTHKa i cfJaneplfCTHKa 3

~ep)l(aBHI1M fiMH YKpalHI1

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Mouery Bl1rOTOBneHO i3 cpi6na 925 rrp0611, lIKiCTh - «npyd», Bara B 'll1CTOTi - 31,1 r, niaverp - 38,61 MM, TI1Pa)l(-

3 000 llITYK. fYPT MOHeTI1 pl1<pneHI1M.

Ha anepci MOHeTl1 na rni cnotiaoaanoro ,lJ,ep)l(aBHOrO IIparropa YKpalID! poswimeno nepmi norni Pll.LJ,KI1 ,lJ,ep)l(aBHOrO fiMHY YKpalHI1 «Ille He BMepna YKparnl1 i cnasa,

i BOM», Ha.LJ, lIK11M - MaJIl1M ,lJ,ep)l(aBHI1M fep6 YKparnl1, a TaKO)l( HaIIl1CI1: YKPAIHA (yropi niaxonov), 10 fPMBEHb/2005 (YIDl3Y) Ta noanauenaa MeTaJIY, Moro rrp0611 - Ag 925 i sara B 'lHCTOTi - 31,1.

Ha pesepci MOHeTl1 - crripaJIerro.LJ,i6H11M HaITHC CTO COPOKOBA PI'IHMWI 3 'lACY rrennoro IIYliJII'IHOro BMKOHAHIDI HAlI,IOHAJIbHOro fIMHY YKPAIHM - ABTOP MEJIO,lJ,I1- MMXAHJIO BEPEMIJ;bKMH (1815 - 1870) - ABTOP CJIIB -l1ABJIO lJYI)l1HCbKMH (1839 - 1884), ycepennni sxoro (y uenrpi MOHeTl1) - ronorparpiune 306pa)l(eHHlI CTI1niJoBaHoi KBiTKI1.

XY.LJ,O:lKHI1K11 - BOnO.LJ,I1MHp Tapan, OneKCaH.LJ,p XapYK, Cepriii XapYK.

CKYnhIITOP - BOnO.LJ,I1Ml1p ATaMaH'IYK.

1300 POKiB Micry Kopocreus

HaUiOHaJIhHI1M 6aHK YKparnl1, rrpO.LJ,OB)I()'lO'lH cepiio «CTapO.LJ,aBHi MicTa YKpalHI1» ssia y otiir 19 ceprms 2005 p. IOBirreMHY MOHery HOMrnarroM 5 rpnaem., npacsaxeny 1300-pi'I'l1O M. Kopocrens (nirornrcnan ICKopoCTeHh), O.LJ,HOMY 3 HaM:.LJ,aBHillll1X MiCT Ha repnropii YKpalHI1 (.)KI1TOMl1pml1Ha) Ilepma nirornrcna 3ra.LJ,Ka rrpo Kopocrem, (945 pix) E B Hecropoaiii «Ilosicri MI1HYnl1X nirs.

Monery BI1fOTOMeHO 3 HeM3Hnh6epy, HKiCTh - «cneuiaJIhmrn aHUI1PKYneMTe.LJ,», Maca - 16,54 r, .LJ,iaMeTp - 35,0 MM, Tl1pa)l(- 30 000 llITYK. fYPT MOHeTl1 - pl1<pnemrn.

Ha asepci MOHeTI1 p03MiIIJ,eHo: y uenrpi MaJIl1M ,lJ,ep)l(aBHI1M fep6 YKpalHl1, nia lIK11M pix Kap6YBaHHll MOHeTl1 - 2005 ra xpyrosi Harrl1CI1: HAlI,IOHAJIbHMH EAHK YKPAIHlI - illITb fPMBEHb (YHI13Y).

Ha pesepci MOHeTI1 306pa)l(eHO eneMeHTI1 nanopaxn MicTa, na rrepe.LJ,HhOMY nnani - CKpOHeBa cpifina cepexxa (.LJ,O 946 p.), lIKY 3HaM:.LJ,eHo nin 'lac p03KorrOK ua repnropii MicTa, yropi rrpaBOpY'I - rep6 Micra KopOCTeHh, a TaKO)l( HaITHCI1: yropi niBOPY'I - 1300/ POKIB, YHI13Y nisxonoa - KOPOCTEHb.

XY.LJ,O:lKHI1K i cKYnhl1TOP - Casrocnaa IBaHeHKo.

Kopocmens.

Iknamoea JlUCmi6Ka, 1915 p.

4 HYMi3MaTHKa i <panepHcTHKa

fit HOBi MOHeTH r a 6aHKHOTH Yr p a iu »

350 POKiB MicTY CYMM

Hal\iOHaJIhHllH 6aHK YKpailrn, rrpO,ll,OB)I(J'lO'Il1 cepiio «Craponasai MicTa YKpalHl1» ssia Y o6ir 1 BepeCH5! 2005 p. IOBirreHHY MOHeTY HOMrnaJIOM 5 rpnaens, rrpl1CB5I'IeHY 350-pi'l'110 M. CYMH, p03TaIIIOBaHOMY na MaJIhOBHl1'10MY npaaoxy fiepesi pi'lKl1 IIcJIa i 3aCHOBaHOMY na rtosarxy 50-x poxis XVII CT. YKpalHChKl1Ml1 K03aKaMl1- nepecenenusva 3 Ilpasofiepexnoi YKpalliM.

MOHeTY BJITOTOBJIeHO 3 HeH3l1Jlh6epy, sxicrs - «crrel\iaJIhHMH anunpxynearea», MaCa - 16,54 r, niaxerp - 35,0 MM, rapax=- 30 000 IIITYK. [YPT MOHeTM - pl1(tlJIeHllH.

Ha asepci MOHeTM p03MiJ.u:eHO: Y uearpi MaJIMH ,Uep)l(aBHHH Iepf YKpalliM, nia 5IKMM pix Kap6ysaHH5! MOHeTM - 2005 ra xpyrosi HarrMCM: HAll,IOHAJIhHIIM. BARK YKPAlHII - II'HTh fPIIBEHh (YHM3Y).

Ha pesepci MOHeTM 306p3)l(eHO l\eHTpaJIbHY BYJIMUIO xicra si CnacoIIpeo6p3)l(eHChKMM C060POM, na rni 5IKOl - rep6 MicTa CyMli Ta rriBKOJlOM P03MirueHO Hal1l1CM: CYMII (yropi), 350 POKIB (YHl13Y).

XY,ll,O)l(J{MK i CKYJlhllTOP - BOJlOJlMMl1P ,UeM'5IHeHKo.

CYMbl. Co6opHafi ynaua.

CYMU.

Iltnumoei JlUCmi6Ku, 1915 p.

100- piQll5I 3 LJ;H5I 3aCH)'BaHH5I IHcTHTyry unnorpanapcraa

i BHHOpo6cTBa iveni B. e. Taipona

HaUiOHaJIbHMH 6aHK YKpalliM BBiB Y o6ir

6 BepeCH5I 2005 p. IOBirreHHY MOHeTY HOMrnaJIOM 2 rpasni, rrpMCB5I'IeHY 100-pi'I'IlO sin ,ll,H5! 3aCHysaHH5! Hauionansnoro HaYKOBoro uetrrpy «IHCTMryT BMHOrp3,ll,apCTBa i Bl1HOpo6cTBa iMeHi B. e. Iaiposa», aa POKl1 iCHysaHH5! 5IKOfO ,ll,OC5IfHYTO 3Ha'lHl1X pe3YJIhTaTiB Y P03Bl1TKY HOBl1X TeXHOJloriH Bl1pOIUYBaHH5! i nepepofixn BMHOrpa,D,y. CTaHOBJleHH5I i niarsnicn, usoro naysosoro 3aKJIa,D,y TicHO rrOB'5I3aHi 3 iMeHeM Bl1)l,aTHOrO B'IeHOrO Bacl1Jl5I Cropoama Taiposa, 5IKl1H CTBOPHB BiT'Il13H5!HY HaYKOBY IIIKOny snnorpaaopis i BHHOpo6iB.

MOHeTY BMroTOBJIeHO 3 HeH3HJ1h6epy, 5IKiCTh - «crreUiaJIbIDIH aHUl1PKYJleHTe,ll,», Maca - 12,8 r, ,ll,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM, mpa)l(- 20 000 urryx. Iypr MOHeTM - pl1(pJIeHl1H.

Ha asepci MOHeTl1 Y uenrpi 306pa)l(eHO MaJll1H ,Uep)l(aBIDIH Iepf YKpalliM, nia Hl1M - pix Kap6ysaHH5! MOHeTM 2005, rro KOny poaxiineao uanacn: HAll,IOHAJIbHMti BARK YKPAlHII (yropi), )J;BI fPIIBHI (YHl13Y)·

Ha pesepci MOHeTM 306p3)l(eHO 6y,ll,iBJIJO rnCTMryTY, na TJIi 5IKOI ninopys - rroprper

B. e. Taiposa, H3,ll, noprperox Mj)j( pOKaMl1 1905 ra 2005 - JIOrOTl1rr rnCTMTYTY, yHl13Y - CTl1Jli3oBaHa mmorpanua JI03a ra posaiuteao KpyrOBlID Hal1l1C IHCTIITYT BIIHOfPA,1J;APCTBA I BIIHOPOBCTBA IMEHI B. e; TAIPOBA.

XY,ll,O)l(HllK i CKYJIhIlTOP - CB5ITOCJlaB IBaHeHKo.

HYMi3MaTHKa i <PanepHCTHKa 5

~ HOBi MOHerM r a 6aHKHorM YKpalHH

300 pOKiB LJ;aBM,[(Y Iypavinmini

HaUiOHaJlbHl111 6aHK YKpaU{J1 BBiB Y ofiir

19 sepecas 2005 p. JOBiJIel1H)' MOHery J-iOMiHaJlOM 2 rpasui, npI1CB5f'leHY 300-pilf'lJO sin 1I,HH Hap01l,)I(eHH5l )J,aBI111,a fypaMiwBiJIi (1705 - 1792 pp.) - BI111,aTHOro rpY311HCbKoro noera, )l(JilTTH i raopsicrs HKOro ricno nOB'5l3aHi 3 YKpalHoJO. Y 1760 p. BiH OCeJII1BCH B Mnpropoai, 1I,e )I(J1B 11,0 cuepti. Jlireparypny 1I,rnJIbHicrb Iypaaiuraini poanouas y Ipyaii, ane na nOBHY CI1JIY 110ro nOerWlH1111 rananr P03KPJilBC5l caxe B YKpaIHi, 1I,e 11 CTBopeHO Hal1Bl13Ha'lHiwl1w rsip noeTa - aarooiorpadiiuay 36ipKY «)J,aBI1TiaHi» (1787); CniB'lYIT5lM 11,0 CeJI5!H HaCI1'leHa 3a6apBJIeHa YKpaLHCbKJ.fM KOJIOpl1rOM noexa «Becena BeCHa».

MOHeTY BJilrOTOBJIeHO 3 Hel13l1JIb6epy, sxicn, - «crreuiam.naa aHUI1PKYJIewre1l,», Maca - 12,8 r, 1I,iaMerp - 31,0 MM, TI1Pa)!(- 30000 WTyK. fYPT MOHerJil pl1cpJIeHl1w.

Ha asepci MOHeTl1 soripaxeno 3'£1I,HaHH5l LIBOX nauionansuax opnavenria - rpysnncsxoro ra yxpaincsxoro, axe CI1MBOJIi3Y£ 3B'H3K11 ra 1I,pY)l(6y Mj)!( Hap01l,aMI1, yropi niBKOJIOM posaiuieno Harmc - YKPAlHA, nin 5lKI1M - MaJll1W )J,ep)l(aBHI1I1 fep6 YKpa'iHI1 Ta pix Kap6YBaHH5l MOHeTl1 20-05, YHI13Y - 2/fPHBHI.

Ha pesepci MOHeTl1 306pa)l(eHO npopim, )J,aBI111,a Iypaaiuiaini aa TJIi CTI1JIi30BaHoro ripcsxoro rpY311HCbKOro Kpa£Bl1l\Y, na BepWI1Hi 01l,Hi£1 3 rip 5fKOrO p03MimeHI111 xpax, JIiBOPY'l i npanopys rrIDKOJIOM - nanac yxpaiacsxo» ra rpY311HCbKOJO MOBaMl1 )J,ABH)], fYPAMIIIIBIJII, YHI13Y - POKl1 )I(J1TTH 1705/1792.

XY1l,o)l(HJ1KJ1 - BOJI01l,I1M11P Tapau, OJIeKCaH1I,p XapYK, Ceprin Xapyx.

CKYJIbnT0P - BOJIOLII1MI1P ATaMaHlfyK.

MY3eu j/,a6uoa fypaMiUl6iJli y MUP20poOi.

j/,a6UO FypaMiUl6iJli. Iloesii. XapKi6, 1980. 06KJlaOUHKa.

LJ;MMTPO 51BOpHM~bK1IM

6 HYMi3MaTHKa i <PanepHcTHKa

HaUiOH<UIbHHM 6aHK YKpalHH, rrpOJlOB)l()fIO'!H cepiio «Baaarni OC06HCTOCTi YKpa'iHH», BBiB Y ofiir 22 BepeCIDI 2005 p. IOBirIeMHy MOHeTY HOMiHaJIOM

2 r~Hi, npncasseny 150-pi'!'!10 Bin JlIDI HapOJl)f(eHWI )J,MllTpa IBaHoBl1'!a 51BopHHubKoro (1855-1940 pp.) - icropnxa, apxeonora, ernorparpa, CPOJIbKJIOpllCTa, rrllCbMeHHllKa. JIIOJlHHa Han3Bl1'!aMHO pi3H06i'!Hl1X iurepecis - )J,MJ1rpO fu0PHllUbKllM Mai1:)f(e ace CBO€ )!(J1IT5! rrpHCB5!TllB BHB'!eHHIO icropii sanopiaucoro K03aUTBa, BiHueM 5!KOrO CTaJIa «IcTOpi5I aanopissxax K03aKiB» Y TpbOX TOMax.

MOHeTY BllfOrOBJIeHO 3 HeM3HJIb6epy, sxicn, «crreuiaJIbH11i1 aHUllPKYJIeMTeJl», MaCa - 12,8 r, JliaMeTp - 31,0 MM, THPa)!(- 30 000 urryx, fYPT MOHerll pllcpJIeHllH.

Ha anepci MOHeTll posaimeuo MaJIllM )J,ep)f(aBHllM fep6 YKpalHH, Han 5!KllM - pix Kap6YBaHH5! MOHeTll 2005, nin HllM -

2 fPIIBHI, uanncn rro xony YKPAlHA (yropi), HAUIOHAJIbHlIll BAHK YKPAlHII (YH1l3Y).

Ha pesepci MOHeTll 306pa)f(eHO noprper )J,MHTpa 51BopHl1lU>Koro, rrpaBOpY'! - POKll )!(J1IT5! 1855/1940 ra ITO 60Kax - HaITHCH rrrnKOJIOM )J,MIITPO 51BOPHIIlJ,bKlIll.

XYJlO)f(HHKll - CB5!TOCJIaB IBaHeHKo (asepc), BOJIOJlllMllP Tapas, OJIeKCaHJlP XapYK, Cepria XapYK (pesepc).

CKYJIhI1TOPll - CB5!rOCJIaB IBaHeHKo, BOJIOJlllMllP )J,eM'5!HeHKo.

Iloxpona

HaUiOHaJIhHHM 6aHK YKpalHll, rrponoaxyioaa cepiio «06P5!JlOBi CB5!Ta YKpallrn», sais Y otiir 30 BepeCIDI 2005 p. nax'srni MOHeTll HOMrnaJIaMll 10 ra

5 rpnaens, npacsaueai OJlHOMY is 3Ha'!HllX CB5!T rrpaBOCJIaB'5! - CB5!TO ITOKPOBll, 1110 rrOB'5!3aHe 3 06pa30M EOrOpOJllluicnpaseamtaoi aacrytnraui scix aipyio-urx. 3MicT CB5!ra CTaHOBHTb inea rrOKpOBHTeJIbCTBa.

MOHeTY HOMrnaJIOM LO rpnseas BHrOTOBJIeHO is cpitina 925 npofin, sxicn, - «npyd», sara B '!J1CTOTi - 31, I r, JliaMeTp - 38,61 MM, rnpax - JlO 8 000 urrys. fYPT MOHeTH - pllcpJIeHHM.

MOHeTY HOMrnaJIOM 5 rpnsem, BJ1fOTOBJIeHO 3 HeM3l1J1b6epy, 5!KiCTb - CrreuiaJIbHHM aHUHPKYJIeHreJl, sara - 16,54 r, niaxerp - 35,0 MM, rnpax - 45 000 nrryx, fYPT MOHeTH - pHcpJIeHHH.

Ha asepci MOHeT soopaxena KOMrr03Hui5I 3 KaJIHHH, pOCJIllH, PYlllHHKa, ua TJIi 5!KOl - pix Kap6YBaHH5! MOHeTJ1 2005, Y ueirrpi KOMrr03l1l(U posxiiueno MaJIHH )J,ep)f(aBHllH

fep6 YKpalHH, nia HHM - rersuaacsxi KJIeMHOJlH (rripnas i 6YJIaBa) ra K03aUbKa matina. Jlisopys i npasopys - CTl1JIi30BaHi KEiTH i rrraxn, Mj)!( 5!KllMll poaxiuieuo HarrHCH: aa M<;lHeri si cpifina - YKPAlHA, 10, fPIIBEHb, a TaKO)f( rr03Ha'!eHH5! MeTaJIY ra HOro npofin - Ag 925, nara B '!HcrOTi - 31,1; na MOHeTi 3 HeM3l1J1b6epy - YKPAlHA, 5 [PIIBEHb.

Ha pesepci MOHeT 306pa)f(eHO fiararodiirypny KOMrr0311uilO aycrpisi 6aTbKaMI1, sxi TpHMalOTb ixony i xopoaas, Hape'!eHl1X, yropi - Iloxposa, Ilpasopys rrrnKOJIOM poaxiureao HaITHC: rrOKPOBA.

XYJlQ)KHHK - MHKOJIa KOl!y6eH. CKYJIbI1TOPH - BOJIOJlHMHP ATaMaH'!YK, POMaH qaMKOBCbKllM.

lKOHO JIOKP06 Ilpecesmoi E020pOauf,(i, XIV cm.

<i>anepHcTHKa 7

CB5ITO- YCrreHCbKa

CB5ITOripCbKa naspa

-:

HaUiOHaJIbHIfH 6aHK YKpalHIf, npO,l\OB)I(J'lOY.H cepiio (,IIaM' HTIDlKH apxiTeKTYPH YKpalHIf», BBm Y o6ir 20 )KOBTHH 2005 p. naM'HTHY MOHeTY HOMrnaJIOM

10 rpasens, rrpHCBHY.eHY Bi):(OMill apxirexrypuo-icropasnia naa'arui (XVIlXIX CT.) - Csaroripcsxovy YcrreHCbKOMY MOHacmplO, HKOMY B 2004 poui rrpIfCBO€HO craryc naspn. Monacrnp, rro6Y,I\OBaHHH 6imI rrmHbJoKH rip rra npaBOMY 6epe3i piY.KH CiBepcbKHH )J,oHeUb, sneprue aranycncn B 1624 poui, fOJIOBHY pom, Y Hora apxirexrypuir; KOMrro311Ull Bmirpa€ Mnxonaiscsxa uepxsa (XVII CT.) - HaH,I\aBHiIllIfH xpav MOHacmpH, OCHOBHa y.aCTHHa HKOfO P03MiIUY€TbCH B cxeni.

Mouery BHrOTOBneHO i3 cpitina

925 npotin, mOCTb - «npyd», Maca B Y.HCTOTi - 31,1 r,,I\iaMeTp-38,61 MM,THP3)K-,I\O

8 000 urryx. fYPT MOHeTH pHcjJneHHH.

Ha asepci MOHeTH 306p3)KeHO qY,I\OTBOPHY iKOHY EO)Kol Marepi Csmoripcsxoi, rro 06H,I\Ba 60KH HKol,l\Ba axrena rpuuaiors ,l\apl1 - MOHeTH, xpecrn, niaaicxn TOmO, nropi rrmKOJIOM nanac YKPAlHA, npasopys - MaJIl1H )lep)KaBHI1M Iepf YKpalHH, JIiBOPY'! - pix Kap6YSaJuill MOHeTl1 - 2005, YHI13Y ninxonov - )J,EOITh fPIIBEHh, a TaKO)K rr03Hay.eHHH MeTany, Hora npofin - Ag 925, MaCI1 B Y.I1CTOTi - 31,1.

Ha penepci MOHem na fiepesi piY.KH 306pa)KeHO ,l\peBHiH CBHToripcbKHH YcrreHCbKHM MOHaCTHp, posranrosaaaji 6imI nimrixxa KpeH.llHHHX rip, YKpHTHX ryCTHM nicox, ra sropi rriBKOJIOM narrac CBHTOYCIIEHChKA CBHTOfIPChKA JIABPA.

XY.llO)KHHK - MHKOJIa KOy'y6eM. CKYJIblTTOP - BOJIO,l\HMHP )leM'HHeHKo.

C8JlmOZOpCbKUU uonacmu» na cxuiax KpeUOJlHUX zip

Bci uonemu ma MeaaJIi eiaKap6oeaHo na MOHemHoMY oeopi Hauionauuoeo 6aHKY YKpaiHu.

3a P03nOpJlaJICeHHJlM HEYeia 08.06.2000 p. ua nas'smuux uonemax Ytcpainu posuiiuyemscs: nozomun MOHemH020 aeopy YKpaiHu.

Ilau'smn! uonemu YKpaiHu e aiUCHUMU I1JlamiJICHUMU sacotasu: YKpaiHu i 060eJt3K08i ao npuiiMaHHJl6e3 6yab-JlKux 06MeJICeHb 3a i'x HOMiHaJlbHOIO eapmicmio ao ecix euaie niamexie, a maKOJIC aM sapaxyeauns

na pospaxynxoei paxYHKU, eKJlaaU, axpeoumueu ma aM nepesasie.

Ilau 'smni uonemu is oopoeouiunux uemanie peanisytomicn e YKpaiHi i za KOpaOHOM sa KOfleKu,iuHOIO U,iHOIO.

8 HYMi3MaTHKa i tPanepHcTHKa

~ HOBi MOHeTM r a 6aHKHOTM YKpalHM

100 POKiB qepHiBeU;bKoMY MY3MqHO-~paMaTMqHOMY rearpy iM. O.Ko6MlliIHcbKol

HaJJ,iOHaJIbHHI1 6aHK YKpaUlH BBiB y ooir 3 )l(OBTIDl 2005 poxy IOBiJIeI1HY MOHeTY HOMrnaJIOM 10 rpaaetrs, rrpHCB5I'IeHY apxiTeKTYPHOMY menespy nosarxy XX CTOJTiTTlI, oxpaci MicTa - qepHiBeJJ,bKOMY MY3JfqHo-)]'paMaTJfqHOMY rearpy ixeai

O. K06HJT51HCbKO"i, 36y)]'oBaHOMY B 1904-1905 poxax sa npoeKTOM ascrpiacsxnx apxirexropia <Pep)]'HHaH)J,a <PeJTbHepa i Iepxana feJTbMepa.

Monery BHrOTOBJTeHO is cpitua 925 npoou, lIKiCTb - «rrpyq», Maca B 'lHCTOTi - 31,1 r, )]'iaMeTp - 38,61 MM, rnpax - 5 000 IIITYK.

fYPT MOHem pHcPJTeHHI1.

Ha asepci MOHem soopaxeno CKYJTbrrryPHY KOMrr03HJJ,OO 3 MeJTbnOMeHOIO (CHMBOJT CJJ,eHlqHOrO MHCTeJJ,TBa), 5IKa npuxpaurae nOpTaJI rearpy, npasopys Bi)], nei - MaJIHI1,L(ep)l(aBmrI1 fep6 YKpalliH ra rriBKOJTOM p03MiIIIeHO aanaca: yropi - YKPAlHA, ynaay - ,L(ECHTb fPIIBEHb, IIi)], cxym.nrypnoio KOMrr03HJJ,ielO n03Ha'leHIDl MeTaJIY, I1oro rrpofia - Ag 925, MaCH B 'lHCTOTi - 31,1.

Ha penepci MOHeTH sotipaxeno 6Y):(IDJTIO rearpy ra naM'lIrHHK OJTb3i K06HJT51HCbKili, lIKHI1 p03Milll,eHI1I1 nepea rearpox, rri)J, HHM - nanac 100 POKIB, rro xony - HaIIHC qEPHIBEUbKHM MY3IfqHO,11,PAMATIfqHIIM TEATP iM. O. KOEIIIDIHCbKOI.

XY):(O)I(HHKH - BOJTO):(HMHP 'Iapan, OJTeKcaH):(p XapYK, Cepria XapYK.

CKYJTbIITOP - CBlITOCJTaB IBaHeHKo.

gepHi6~i. MicbK.uU meamp. Iloiumoeo iucmiexa, ]898 p.

IInaH BMnyCKY nav' 5ITHMX MOHeT YKpalHM ua 2006 pi«

Ha a ae n m a 30JIOTa MOHeTa

CKi!J>CbKe 30JlOTO HoMiHaJI - 2 rpanni

MeTaJI - Au 999,9. ,L(iaMerp - 13,92 MM.

5IKiCTb - crreJJ,iaJIbHHI1 aHJJ,HPKYJTeI1Te):(. THPa)!( - ):(0 10.000 lIlT. (y T. 'l.)J,JT1I YKpalliH - 5.000)

BBe):(eHH51 B ooir - JTIOTIDi..

Mouema e npOaOWJlCeHH5IM Mi:JICHapOaHOi KOMepu,iuHoi cepii «HauMeHUIa sonoma MOHemW) ua 3aM06fleHH5I M.i:JICHapOaHOi HYMi3Mamu'IHoi rjJiPMU. Kosesui« cKirjJCbK020 sonoma - eisumna «apmxa naiuoi aep:JICa6U, 51Ka 6UKflUKae sauixaenenicm» y 6CbOMY ceimi.

Eyae eunytuena opyea uouema nia uieto Ha3eoIO 3 IHUlUM aU3aUHOM.

bKaK

HOMiHaJI - 2 rpnnni

MeTaJI - Au 999,9. ,L(iaMerp - 13,92 MM.

5IKiCTb - crreJJ,iaJTbHHM aHJJ,HPKYJTeI1re,ll. THPa)!( -)],0 10.000 lIlT. (y T. 'l. M5i YKpalliH - 5.000)

BBe)]'eHIDl B ofiir - KBiTeHb.

«l:JICalO) - nponosuuis ,ll,enapmaMeHmy eomiexoeo-epouoeoeo o6i2Y,

51K npOaOe:JICeHH5I KOMepu,iuHoi Mi:JICHapOaHOi cepii «HauMeHUIa sonoma uonema». Ilonynspuicm« nonepeonix oeox eunycxie MOHem «Ilenexas i «CaflaMaHapa» niameepa:JICye Heo6xiaHicmb npOaOe:JICeHH5I 3G3Ha'ieHOi cepii.

Bi~po~JKeHHH yx p a In c s x o I ~epJKaBHOCTi

He3aJIeIKHicTb ):(eplKaBH - peBOJIIOlI,rn Y CBmOMOCTi (no 15-"i pi'lHHl(i He3aJIe)I(HOCTi YKpalHH) HOMiHaJI - 20 rpnaeus

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,L(iaMeTp - 50,0 MM. 5IKiCTb - npycP. THPa)!( - 5.000 lIlT. BBe):(eHH51 B ofiir - cepnejts.

HOMiHaJI - 5 rpaaens

MeTaJI - CuNiZn . .n:iaMeTp - 35,0 MM.

5IKiCTb - crreJJ,iaJIbHHI1 aHJJ,HPKYJTeI1Te):(. Tapax - 100.000 lIlT. BBe)],eHIDl B ofiir - ceprreHb.

Mouema npucesuena 15-u pizlHuu,i nesanexsocmi. 2006 pix - pix tiaeamsox aep:JICaeHUX cesm - 15-pi'l'151 He3aJle:JICHOCmi oepxaeu, 10-pi'l'l51 Koucmumyuii, pi'lHUU,51 Tlouapanseeoi peeououii. Ilpononyemscs eunycmumu Y3a2aJlbHIOIO'IY oeoxyuuieey uonemy npucesseny U,UM oama».

10-pill'll! rpomoaol pe!J>0pMJI B YKpaiHi HoMiHaJI - 20 rpnaeus

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,L(iaMerp - 50,0 MM. 5IKiCTb - rrpycP. Tnpax - 5.000 IIIT. BBe):(eHIDl B ofiir - cepnens.

,I1;YXOBHi c x a pfiu YKpaiHH

Hecrop-nironnceus HOMiHaJI - 50 rpaaens

MeTaJI - Au 900. ,L(iaMeTp - 25,00 MM. 51KiCTb - rtpyd» THPa)!( - 5.000 lIlT. Bseaenna B ofiir - sepecens.

HYMi3MaTHKa i <l>anepHcTHKa 9

• Ilnan snnycxy rraM'5ITHHX MOHeT YKpalHH ua 2006 pix

«Hecmop-nimonuceuu - 950 poxie eio OHfl HapOO:JICeHHJI nUCbMeHHUKanimonucus (6Jl. 1056 - 6Jl.11 13 pp.) HaiieU3Ha'lHiutuii meip Hecmopanimonucus - «Iloeicms MUHYJlUX potde. - HeeUlfepnH020 o:JICepeJla eiooMocmeii npo noaii, seuuui, JllOoeii. Ilpenoootuui: Hecmop HMe:JICUmb 00 naiioceueuuaux JllOoeii Kuiecseoi Pyci KiHlI,JI Xl-noiams» XII cmonims. OKpiM 6020CJlOeCbKUX 3HaHb, Mae eunsmxoei 30i6Hocmi 00 icmopii ma nimepamypu, OOCKOHMO eonooie 2peu,bKOIO uoeno. BiH e 6e3CYMHieHUM aemopou oeox :JICumiii cesmux KHJl3ie Bopuca i fJli6a ma npenoaoinoeo (j>eooociJl.

Bun a rul OCOOUCTOCTi Yx p a iu a

OJIer AHroHoB HOMmaJI - 2 rpaani

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

5l!dcTb - cneuiansunji aHUMPKYJIeMTe,ll. TMPIDIC - 45.000 IllT. BBe,lleHH5I B o6ir - cisens.

«OJle2 Anmonoe» - 100 pilflfJl eio OHfl HapOO:JICeHHfl (1906 - 1984) aeiaxoncmpyxmopa, neoaeoea. OJle2 KOCmJIHmUHOeuIf - 2eHepMbHuii KOHcmpYKmop umaxotiyoveann», npoipecop Xapxiecsxoeo aeiauiunoeo iucmumymy, aKaoeMiK AKaoeMii' HaYK YKpai'Hu, aemop nonai) 200 nayxoeux npau» 3 numaus nnauepusxy, JlimaK06yoyeaHHfl. Ilio ii020 «epienuumeon cmeopeuo tiaeamo mpancnopmuux, naesosuuo; cnopmuenux nimaxie i nnauepie.

MHKOJIa CTpIDKeCKO HOMiHaJI - 2 rpnani

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

51KicTb - crrelliaJIbHMM aHIIMPKYJIeMTe,ll. TupIDIC - 45.000 IllT. BBe,lleHlUl B o6ir - cixem;

«MUKOJla Cmpa:JICeCKo» - 130-pilflfJl eio OHfl HapOO:JICeHHfl. (1876-1952). MUKOJla )£Mumpoeulf - mepaneem-xniuiuucm, meopemu«

i opeanisamop HaYKU. OOUH is 3aCHoeHUKie eimlfU3HflHoi' KapoioJl02ii. MUKOJla Cmap:JICeCKO 6ye i sauuuaemscs Hau,ioHMbHOIO 20poicmlO YKpai'Hu.

B'lI'1eCJIaB Ilpoxononosm HOMiHaJI - 2 rpasni

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

51KicTb - cneuiansnaji aHIIUPKYJIeMTe,ll. TMpa)l( - 30.000 IllT. Bseaenaa B ofiir - KBiTeHb.

BOJIO,I(HMHP qexiBcbKHH HOMiHaJI - 2 rpusni

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

5iKiCTb - cneuianunot aHuupKYJIeMTe,ll. TupIDIC - 30.000 IllT. Bseneans B ofiir - JIMrreHh.

IBaH <l>paHKo HoMiHaJI - 5 rpanni

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 33,0 MM. 51KicTb - rrpy<p. TupIDIC - 5.000 IllT. Bseaenna B ofiir - BepeceHh.

«lean (j>paHKO» - 150-pilflfJl eio OHJI HapOO:JICeHHJI (1856-1916 pp.) YKpalHcbK020 nUCbMeHHUKa, esenoeo, nepexnaoaua, rjJulOcorjJa, 2poMaocbK020 oiJl'ta. Mumeu,b mumauixnoi npaui - euoani 50 mouie € uuue nOJlOeUHOIO meopsoeo 00P06KY nUCbMeHHUKa. Hoeamopcucuuu cmanu opaMamu'tHi meopu I. (j>paHKa «YKpaoeHe tuacms», «KaM JLHa oytua» moU(o. Aemop npau» 3 icmopii ma meopiinimepamypu, nepexnaoa« meopie 3 pociiicbKOl, nouaxoi, «ecucoi, cep6cbKoi; xopeamcucoi, HiMeu,bKoi; aH2JliiicbKoi', rjJpaHlI,Y3bKoi', cmapoepeusxoi, PUMCbKOi; apatcixoi, acupoeceusoncuoima iiuuux Moe. Teopu I. (j>paHKa euxoousu 6iJlbut

JlK 400 eUOaHHJlMu.

MHXaHJIO fpyrneBcbKHH HOMiHaJI - 5 rpanni

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 33,0 MM. 5iKiCTb - rrpy<p. TMPIDIC - 5.000 IllT. BBe,lleHH5I B ooir - )I(OBTeHb.

MHXaHJIO JIHceHKo HOMiHaJI - 2 rpnani

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

51KicTb - CrreuiaJIbHMM aHUMPKYJIeMTe,l(. TJ1pIDIC - 30.000 IllT. BBe,lleHH5I B ofiir - )I(OBTeHb.

/

Cepria KOPOJIbOB HOMiHaJI - 2 rpanni

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

51KicTb - cneniansnan aHUMPKYJIeMTe,ll. TMPIDIC - 45.000 IllT. BBe,lleHH5I B ofiir - rpY,lleHb.

«Cepeii: Kopouoe» - 100-pi'11fJ1 eio OHfl HapOO:JICeHHfl (1907-1966).

Cepeiii Ilaenoeus - YlfeHuii i xoncmpyxmop, 3 iM'ftMJlK020 noe'ssana enoxa nepiuux eU3Ha'tHUX 00CJl2HeHb e icmopii OCeO€HHfl KOCMilfH020 npocmopy. Ilio ii020 «epienuumeou cmeopeuo IfUCJleHHi tianicmuxni ma ceorjJi3UlfHi pasemu, ninomoeani KOCMilfHi Kopa6Jli eBocmoa i «Bocxoo», na JlKUX ynepuie e icmopii 30iiicHeHO KOCMilfHUii nonim JlIOOUHU ma iT euxio

y uiscnsanemnui: npocmip.

<l>JIopa i <!laYHa YKpai'Hu

IIHJIKOXBiCT YKpaiHCbKHH HOMiHaJI - 10 rpasem,

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,lJ,iaMerp - 38,61 MM.

51KicTb - npyd» TupIDIC - ,1(0 8.000 urt (y T. 'I. Mil YKpalHu - 5.000) Bsenenns B ofiir - )I(OBTeHb.

HOMiHaJI - 2 rpJ1BHi

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

51KicTb - CneuiaJIbHJ1M aHllJ1PKYJIeMTe,ll. Tnpax - 75.000 IllT. Bsenenna B ofiir - )I(OBTeHb.

Iluucoxeicm YKpaiitcbKuii (KOHUK) - xnac Kouaxu, PJlO JJPJIMOKpuJli, poouHa KOHUKU cnpaescni. l(eii euo exuoveno 00 'Iepeonoi KHU2U YKpaiitu. Pioxicuui; euo, U(O »cuee eUKJllOlfHO na mepumopii Ykpainu, onucauuii YKpai'HcbKuM eHmOMOJl020M Eeii-Ei€HKO. Ilponosuuis Incmumymy 300Jl02ii' iu. I. I. IIIMMb2aY3eHa Hauiouanutoi aKaoeMii' uayx Yxpainu.

IIaM'HTHuKu a p x i r e x r y p n Yx p a Iu a

KuPHJIiBcbKa nepxsa HOMiHaJI - 10 rpnaens

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 38,61 MM.

5iKiCTh - rrpy<p. TMPIDIC - ,110 8.000 IllT. (y T. q. Mil YKpalHJ1 - 5.000) Bseneuu» B ofiir - sepeceus.

HOMiHaJI - 5 rpnsens

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,lJ,iaMeTp - 35,0 MM.

5iKicTb - cneuianuraa aHIII1PKYJIeMTe,ll. TJ1pIDIC - 45.000 IllT. Bseneana B otiir - sepecens.

«KupUJlieCbKa uepxea: - 860 poxie cnopY0:JICeHHJI Kupuniecucol uepxeu y Kueei (1146 p.) - euoamnoi na« 'smxu apximesmypu. Kupuuecuca uepxea cnaenoseicsa posnucasu Bpy6eJlJl. Ilponosuuin Incmumymy icmopii HAH Yxpainu.

110 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i q) an e p H C T H K a

• IlJIaH mmycr<y rraM'51THHX MOHeT YKpalHH na 2006 pik

Hap o nnt MY3H'IHi iHCTPYMeHTH UHM6aJIH

HOMrnaJI - 5 rpnaeas

MeTaJI - 6iMeTaJI. ,Il.iaMeTp - 28,0 MM.

5IKiCTh - crreuiansnaa aHllI1PKYJIellTe))'. Tl1p:DK - 100.000 IllT. BBe)),eHlf5! B ofiir - JII1CTorra)),.

I.(UM60JlU - YKpaiiicbKuU HapOaHUU iucmpyuenm. JIpoa06J1CeHlIR cepii 6iMemafle6UX MOHem sanosamxoeanoi Y 2003 poui «Hapooni MY3U'tHi incmpyuenmu», suca e oonieto 3 naiinonynspnituux cepiii.

JIiTaK AH -148 HOMiHaJI - 10 rpaseas

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,Il.iaMeTp - 38,61 MM.

5IKiCTh - rrpy¢. Tl1p:DK -)),08.000 IllT. (y T. q.)LJUl YKpai"Im - 5.000) BBe)leHJ-f5! B ofiir - JIl1rreHb.

HoMiHaJI - 5 rpaeens

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,Il.iaMeTp - 35,0 MM.

5IKiCTh - cneuiansmo; aHllI1PKYJIellTe))'. Tl1p:DK - 60.000 IllT. BBe)leHJ-f5! B ofiir - JIl1rreHh.

«Ilima« AH-14&> - npoiJooJICeHHfI cepii «Ilimaxu YKpaiHw>. Monema npUC6Jl'teHO H060M)l pe2ioHOJlbHOM)! naCOJlCUpcbKOM)! peoKmU6HOM)! J1imoK)l AH-148.

100 POIOB KHiBCbKOMY HaniOHaJIbHOMY eKOHOMi'lHOMY YHiBepcHTery HoMiHaJI - 5 rpl1BeHb

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,Il.iaMeTp - 33,00 MM. 5IKiCTh - rrpy¢. Tl1p:DK - 5.000 IllT. BBe)),eHH5I B ofiir - fepesens.

HOMiHaJI - 2 rpasni

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,Il.iaMeTp - 31,0 MM.

5IKiCTh - crrelliaJIhHl1ll aHllI1PKYJIeihe)),. Tl1p:DK - 75.000 IllT. BBe))'eHH5I B o6ir - fiepeaeas.

«100 pOKi6 Ku"i6CbKOMY HaLl,ioHOJlbHOMY eKoHoMi'tHOMY ynieepcumemy» - sa p03nOpRaJICeHHflM Kaiiiuem» MiHicmpi6 YKpa"iHu 6ia 7'lep6Hf1 1999 pOKY M 989. f.I;l oama 6ia3Ha'laembCfl na aepJlCa6HoMY pieni, ypaX06YIOlfU 3HO'lHUU 6HeCOK L1,b020 6UlLI,020 Ha6'lOJlbH020 30Kflaay 6 p036umOK eKOHOMi'tHoi" HaYKU ma Y cnpaey nia20m06KU 6UCOKOK60JliljJiKo6aHUX cneuianicmie.

I'e r s aa uc s s i CTOJIHQi

qHfHPHH

HOMiHaJI - 10 rpnsem,

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,Il.iaMeTp - 38,61 MM. 5IKiCTh - rrpy¢. Tapax - 5.000 IllT. BBe)]'eHH5I B o6ir - TpaBeHh.

«gU2UPUH» - npOa06J1CeHHf! sanouamxoeanoi Y 2005 pOLl,i cepii «JembMaHCbKi cmonuui».

C'r a p o aa au l MicTa YKpaiHH

750 POIOB M. JIbBiB HOMrnaJI - 5 rpasens

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,Il.iaMeTp - 35,0 MM.

5!KiCTh - crrelliaJIhHWll aHllI1PKYJIellTe)),. Tapax - 60.000 IllT. BBe))'eHJ-f5! B o6ir - KBiTeHh.

«750 pOKi6 M. lheie» (1256 p.) uicmo Ilseie - OaUH ls 6U3HaIJHUX KYJlbmypHUX, HaYK06UX, iuoycmpianuuo: ueumpie YKpa"iHu. Bnepuie seaoyemc» 6 aa6HbOPYCbKUX nimonucax. 3acHY6a6 uicmo JOJlULI,bKOBOJlUHCbKUU KHJ!3b ,l{aHUJlO JOJlULI,bKUU. Y 1356 poui }[b606Y uaoauo M02ae6YP3bKe npaeo.

CXi,nHHH x a n e a n a p

PiK Co6aKH

HoMiHaJI - 5 rpnsem,

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,Il.iaMeTp - 33,00 MM. 5IKiCTh - rrpy¢. Tl1p:DK - 12.000 IllT. BBe)),eHH5I B o6ir - cisem,

PiK CBHHi (Ka6aHa) HOMiHaJI - 5 rpasens

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,Il.iaMeTp - 33,00 MM. 5IKiCTh - rrpy¢. Tl1p:DK - 12.000 IllT. BBe))'eHJ-f5! B o6ir - rpy)),eHh.

«CXiaHUU tcanenoap» - H036a cepii, RKy npononyemscs posnosamu 3 2006 pOKY eunycxox a60X MOHem - y cixni - «PiK C060KU» ma y 2pyaHi - «PiK C6UHi».

COOPT

xx 3HMOBi OJliMniHcbKi Irpa HOMiHaJI - 10 rpnsens

MeTaJI - Ag 925. ,Il.iaMeTp - 38,61 MM. 5IKiCTh - rrpy¢. Tapax - 5.000 IIIT. BBe))'eHH5I B o6ir - cixeas.

Iumi MOHeTH

10 POKiB aUTapKTH'lHiH cranuii «AKa)),eMiK BepHa)l,CbKHH» HoMiHaJI - 5 rpasem,

MeTaJI - CuNiZn. ,Il.iaMeTp - 35,0 MM.

5IKiCTh - crrelliaJIhHl1ll aHlll1pKYJIellTe)),. Tl1p:DK - 60.000 lliT. BBe)leHH5I B o6ir - cixem,

JIpOmJl20M 10 pOKi6 YKpai"Ha npoeooums aOCJliaJICeHHfl Aumapsmuxu na 6J1aCHiu cmanuii «AKaaeMiK BepHaaCbKUW> flK He30JleJICHa aepJICa6o. Ilpucymnicms Ykpauu: y cmpameeiuuo 60JlCflU60MY aJlfl ceimoeoi cninsnomu Anmapkmusnos» peeioni, ua KOHmUHeHmi MUPY ma HaYKU,

e c6ia'leHHflM 6U3HaHHf! MiJICHapOaHOIO 2poMaaCbKicmlO HaYK060- mexuisnoeo ma iHmeJleKmYOJlbHOZO nomeuuiany Ytcpainu.

PiK 'IHcToi BO)],H HoMiHaJI - 20 rpl1BeHb

MeTaJI - Au 916, Ag 925. )J,iaMeTp - 31,0 MM. 5!KiCTh - rrpy¢-JlallK. Tl1p:DK - 3.000 IllT. BBe))'eHH5I B o6ir - TpaBeHh.

HoMiHaJI - 5 rpuaens

MeTaJI - 6iMeTaJI. )J,iaMeTp - 28,0 MM.

5!KiCTh - cneuiansamt aHllJlPKYJIellTe)l. T I1p:DK - 100.000 lilT. BBe))'eHH5I B o6ir - TpaBeHh.

HYMi3MaTHKa j ct>anepHCTHKa 111

IKHHlKHAH

JI A B K A

Bee YKll3aHHbie KHUZU MO:JICHO nonytum» no nosme, omnpaeue nownoeuii nepeeoo IJ aopec peOaKI{UU »cypwua: MaKCI1M 3arpe6a, aiR 43, Knes, 02147, YKpaHHa.

He 3a6yobme yxasams IJ zparjJe nosmoeoeo nepeeooa «fl/Ift nUebMeHHOZO cooihuenus», o6pamHbiu aopec, rjJaMUJlu/O aemopa U naseanue KHUZU. ilpeOJlO:JICeHUe oeiiCm6UmeJlbHO 00 28 t/Je6paJifl 2006 e .

CEPEIiPHHbIE PYliJIlIlI E<I>lIMKlI POMAHOBCKOti:

POCClIlI 1654-1915

KHeB, 1998 r. <l>opMaT 210x290 MM, TBep!l,bIH nepemer, 207 c.

KHU2a aMepUKaHCK020 uccneooeamens U KOAAeKI{UOHepa, npeoceoameu PYCCK020 HYMU3MamUlieCK020 otiuecmea, sesoeexa, CmOJleUle20 y ucmOK08 U30aHUJl »cypnana, «JOURNAL OF THE RUSSIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY», ompascaem auepuxanckuii 83211JlO na HaUlY ucmopiuo CKe03b npusxy

HYMU3MamUKU.

3mom e32llJlo, KaK 6bt co cmopouu, vacmo HeO:JICUOaHHbtU, cmpannuii U unmepecuuii OJlJl Hac, eocnumansux na onpeoeseunux

ucmOpU!feCKUX UlmaMnax. 3mo - iecnpucmpacmnoe MHeHue sesoeexa, Y8Jle'leHH020 KOJlileK/.(UOHup08aHUeM

PYCCKUX MOHem.

Koiuexuuouepu omxpotom OAJl ceti« MH020 noeoeo, u60 e KHU2e c06paHbt ceeoenus, nonepnuymue aemopou U3

PYCCKOJl3bt'lHbtX UCmOliHUKOe, He eceeoa oocmynnux '1UmameAIO. JIe2Kuu, 3MO/.(UOHaJlbHbtU U oocmynHbtU cmuu.

U3JlOJICeHUfl oesaem KHU2Y yeJleKameAbHOU, e Heu «yecmeyemcs uumepec aemopa K tuuuei: ucmopuu.

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3btKe.

IIeHa C nepeCbIJIKOH no nosre:

no YKpaHHe - 53,- rpa,

POCCHJI H CHf - 420,- py6.

B. B. Bapromenm

B IiOPEHlIlI

C HAIIOJIEOHOM

HYM1I3MATWlECKlIE OQEPKlI

KHeB, 2001 r.

<l>opMaT 218x288, MJIrKl1H nepenner, 210 c., THpIDK 500 3K3.

B KHU2e onyinuxoean« oecsm« patiom U38ecmH020 ucmopuka U HYMU3Mama B. B. Bapmoiaeeuua.

Pasuue no cOOepJICaHUIO, OHU o6oeouHeHbi o6w,eu meuamuxoii: ucmopus Omesecmeenuoii 80UHbt 18122. paccuampueaemcs sepes

naMflmHUKU HYMu3MamuKu - MeOaJIU, OnOA'IeHCKUe 3HaKu, «pecmu U op.

Aemop pacxpueaem uanouseecmnue cmoponu Omenecmeeunoii eoiiuu, anasusupys HYMu3MamuliecKue U nucsueuuue UCmOliHUKU, 06UlUPHYlO MeMyapHylO numepamypy U u306pa3ume.nbHblu uamepuan.

B «IIpUJIoJICeHUJlJO> npueooumcs UMeHHou yxasamess, nepeuens uuuocmpauuii, 6u6Au02parjJU'IeCKQfl cnpaeka U cnUCOK cotcpauienuii. }litfl cne/.(UaJlUCmo8-HYMU3Mamo8, MY3euHbIX pa6omHuK08, ucmopuxoe UlUPOK020 npopui«, a maioce OflJl

uumameneii uumepecymuuxcs ucmopueii.

Ha PYCCKOM ssuxe.

IIeHa C nepeCbIJIKOH no nosre:

no YKpaHHe - 52,- rpa.

POCCIDI H CHf - 420,- py6.

Eoes B. A., Jlaaapenxo B. r.

ME)WIb «3A OIiOPOHY KABKA3A»

I50H B.A., .aaape •• o B.r. 5M1IIMOTI!KA PA3HOBHAHOCTEA

KATAJIOf AHTWlHbIX MOHET OJIbBlIlI

VI B. ~O H.3. III B. H.3.

Me):(aJIb "3a 060pOH)' KaOKa3a"

KHeB, 2000 r. <l>opMaT 210x300 MM, MlIrKl1H nepenner; 160 c., + 29 UBeTHblX nJIaT.

Onucauue U npopucoexu aHmU'IHbIX MOHem OAb8UU.

724 n03U/.(UU.

Ilen« e epuensx, na oee cmenenu coxpannocmu - «Fine», «VF'».

Ha PYCCKOM ssuse.

IIeHa C nepeCbIJIKOH no nosre: no YKpaHHe - 115,- rpn. POCCHII H CHf - 920,- py6.

KHeB, 2000 r. <l>opMaT 148x210 MM, MlIfKl1H nepemer, 80 c.

Onucauue U npopucoexu aHmU'IHbIX MOHem 20P0008 CeeepH020 IIpuliepHoMopbJl.

290 nosuuuii.

Ilenu 82PU8Hax, na oee cmenenu coxpaunocmu - «Fine», «VF».

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3btKe.

IIeHa C nepeCblJIKOH no noxre:

no YKpaHHe - 28,- rpn,

POCCIDI H CHf - 230,- py6.

112 HYMi3MaTHKa i <PaRepHcTHKa

lieJIall Ilepsoas, 2004 r. <l>opMaT 146x200 MM, MlIrKl1H nepenner, 84 CTp., THPIDK 500 3K3.

B nonYJlJlpHOU rjJ0pMe oceetueua 6umea 3a Kaexas. Ceeoeuus 0 cosoanuu U YlipeJICoeHuu ueiuuu «3a 060POHY KaeKa3{J». Ilpeocmaenen« «emupe pasnoeuonocmu MeoaAu, no nepuooau U320m08AeHUJl c 1944 no

1989 22., U pauuunue munu oOKYMeHm08-yoocmoeepeHUU K ueoaiu.

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3b1Ke.

IIeHa C nepeCblJIKOH no nosre: no YKpaHHe - 38,-rpH.

Banepmi Hemrranno KATAJIOf AHTWlHbIX MOHET CKlI<I>lIl1, IiEPE3AHlI, HlIKOHlIH, TlIPbI, KEPKlIHlIKlI,lJ,bI

RATAJlOr AHTH1.fHblX MOHEr

{ 1IfP" •• U •. tI T II.,... ,.~ ..

(;,1 r 11.0001' .-1 H_'II'\ T COl\S

KHH)KKOBA

Yci 3G3Ha~eHi KHUJlCKU MOJICHa ompuuamu nOUlmOIO, HaoiCJlaeUiU noiamoeuli nepexas na aopec» peoala~ii »eyptuu»: MaKCUM Saepeta, a/c 43, Kuie, 02147, YKpaiHG.

He 3a6yobme e 2parjJi notumoeoeo nepesasy «JJ//.fl nUCM1Oe020 noeioouneuns» noeioosumu seopomuto aopecy, npiseutue aemopa ma HG3ey KHU2U.

Il p o n o s u u i s oiiicnG 00 28 s to m o e o 2006 p.

BaJIepMH HeQMTaMO KATAITOfXPHCTMAHCKMX HAfPY,LI,HbIX H3,L1,FJIHM IIEPHO,LI,A KlIEBCKOM PYCH (X - nepsaa nOJlORHHa XIII CT.)

KIteR, 2001 r. <l>opMaT 210x300 MM, MBrKHH nepenner, 1205 c.

Kpecmu-unxonnuonu, sueeeesu, namensnue «pecmuxu U UKOHbl U3 uemasnoe U KaMHJI. Onucanue, emenens peoxocmu U rjJom02parjJuu OKOJlO 700 npeouemoe.

Ha YKpaUHCKOM, PYCCKOM U

aH2J1uiicKOM ssuxax.

Ilena C nepeCblJIKOH no nosre: 110 YKpaHHe - 145,- rpn, POCCHB H CHf - 1.200,-py6.

BaJIepMH )]'YPOB HAfPA,LI,HbIE ME,LI,AJIH XVIII-XIX BEKOB ,LI,JUI KA3AQECTBA

C.- Ilerepfiypr' - KIteR, 2004 r. <l>opMaT 145x217 MM,

MBrKHH nepenner, 163 c.

Cmamucmusecxuu cnpaeoinu« no xaeaiepas MeaGIIU «30JlomGJI. 3Be3aa» sa nepuoo 1939-199122.,

c YKG3aHUeM HOMepoB MeOGIIU, YKG30B JIBC CCCP (nocmanoenenuii l(JfK) f-------------I ° Ha2paJICaeHuu. TaKJlCe npeocmaeseuu oamu cuepmu (no COCmOJlHUIO

na 2004 2.), U oamu JlUUleHUJI. 3BaHUJI.

Iepos CCCp, ocnoeasuue na apxueuux MamepUGIIGX. j{aHHblii cnpaeosnux nOMOJICem dxuepucma» pasotipamics

C eGIIOM HOBOaeJlOe U rjJaJlbUlUeblX aOKYMeHmOB, xomopue

B 60llbUleM xonusecmee npeaJla2G10mCJI otecmnuuu» ounepaxu pasnux cmpan.

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3bIKe.

Ilena C nepeCblJIKOH no norre:

no YKpaHHe - 99,- rpn,

BJI3,lJ,MMMP JIa3apeHKO HCTOPHH COBETCKOro fOCY,LI,APCTBA,OTP~HHAH B HAfPA,LI,HOM ME,LI,AITH

KIteR, 2001 r. <l>opMaT 112x144 MM, MBrKHH nepenner, 64 c., THPaJK 1000 3K3.

Xpononoeusecxue ma6Jluu,bl oam« Ha2paJICaeHUJI. U BpY'teHUJI MeaGlleii CCCP. Ileemuue eKllaaKU c u306paJICeHUJlMU MeaGlleii, KOJlOaOK U nenm K MeaaJlJlM, uaepaonux aOKYMeHmoB.

Haysno-uemoouxecsoe usoauue.

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3bIKe.

Ilena C nepeCblJlKOH no nosre: 110 YKpaHHe - 31,- rpn,

HAfPA,LI, 0 BE,LI,

I HArPA,It;OBE.IJ: I

prK

BJI3,lJ,MMMP Jlarran HAfPA,LI,HbIE 3HAKII ~E3HO,Ll,OPO~OfOTPAHCIIOPTA

Kaes, 2002 r.

<l>opMaT 114lx200 MM,

MBrKHH nepenner, 131 c.,

(22 nsernue nnaru),

Haiuiosee nOIlHO noxasaua U onucana cucmeua

Ha2paaHbiX snaxoe JlCeJle3HOaOpOJICH020 mpaucnopma C nasana cmpoumeucmea nepeoii ocenesnoi: aOp02U na meppumopuu POCCUiiCKOii uunepuu, U U320mOeJleHHOii e seem» 3m020 c06blmUJI. uacmouuoi; MeaGIIU.

Onucauue u unuocmpauuu suaxoe, voocmoeepenui; K HUM, zpauom, JlCemOHOe U m. n. uapcxoi: Poccuu, CCCP u Yxpaunu; u ucmopus UX Y'lpeJICaeHuii.

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3b1Ke.

Ilesa C nepecunxoii no nosre:

ITo YKpaHHe - 65,- rpn,

IArPAUWE :iRAHI iliUUIUOP .... r.

TPAlCI.PTA

KIteR, 2000 r. <l>opMaT 220x290 MM, TBep)!,blH nepennet, 160 c.

Hautionee nOJlHO na Ce20aHJlUlHUii aeHb onucueaem ucmopuio uaepaonux MeaGlleii aJlJl uppeeynspnux eoiic« uunepamcpcxoii Poccuu: Iloncxoe, 3anOpOJICCKOe, 'lepnouopcxoe, f/uu,Koe (Ypamcxoe), BOJlJICCKOe, U OpeH6YP2CKoe KG3a'lbU eoiuxa.

KHu2a tioeamo unuocmpupoeana.

Cocmaenoii «acmuo KHU2U sensemc» KamGII02 ueoaeei:

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3bIKe.

Ilena C nepecunxoa no nosre:

110 YKpaHHe - 110,- rpn.

POCCHB H CHf - 880,- py6.

HMKOJIaH EQ,lMMOB, Hrops IIaK, BJI3,lJ,MMMP JIa3apeHKO

fEPOH COBETCKOro COI03A KABAITEPbI ME,LI,AJIH «30JIOTAH 3BE3,LI,A»

Mocxaa-Knea, 2003 r. <l>opMaT 140x200 MM, MBrKHH nepenner, uaemue RCTaBKH, 156 CTp., THPaJK 500 3K3.

HaY'lHO-nonYJlJlpHbLii ucmopusecxuii GIIbMaHGX, npUllOJICeHUe K »cypnas» 'Tep60eea".

Ha PYCCKOM Jl3bIKe.

Ilena C nepeCblJIKOH no nosre:

110 YKpaHHe - 39,- rpa,

<i>anepHcTHKa 131

I 0 A • E P H C T H K A

JIl1TOrpaBlOphI

«HcmOpU'1eCK020 OnUCaHUfl nepeuen 8 OaeJICae

U 800pYJICeHUU POCCUUCKUX 80UCK 1855-1881 22.» ICaIC fjJa.flepucmu'lecICuii uCmO'IIlUIC

T if CTOpl1'1eCKOe onacanne nepexen B «l'lo)le)l()le 11 soopyxenun POCCI1HCKI1X BOHCK 1855-188 I rr» conepxur 60faTblH rpa<pWleCKI1H MaTepl1aJI )lOK)'MeHTaJIbHOH TOlfHOCTI1 )lJl!l113yqeHlU! clIoc060B HOllleHIU! aarpan, Bcero B 27-34 TOMax conepxarcs

csaure 400 rpamop C 11306paJKeHIU!MI1 JlI11\ C aarpaaaaa, 'ITO B CYMMe )laJIO 60Jlee 500 <Pl1fYP. «Hcropmecxoe onncanae» aansercs 3aMe'laTeJlhHhIM lIO TO'lHOCTI1 )J:aTl1pOBOK ero 11306paJKeHI1H CBl1)leTeJlhCTBOM lIpl1Hl!ThIX HOpM HOWeHIU! narpaa B OXBa'leHHOe 1131IaHI1eM apexa. B 'laCTHOCTI1, C lIOMOll\hlO 3TI1X 11306pa)l(eHllH Y)laJIOCh TOlfHO OTBeTl1Th na BOllPOC 0 BpeMeHI1 lIOllBJleHIU! lIlITI1yrOJlhHOH KOJlO)lKl1)lJl!l aouienas narpaa B POCCl1ticKOH I1MTIepl1l1.

B 60JlhlllOM KOJlI1'leCTBe rtsnryronsnsre KOJlO)J:KI1 11306paJKeHhl B I1JIJlIOCTpaTI1BHhlX sacrsx 28, 29, 30, 32-ro TOMOB «l1cTopWlecKoro Olll1CaHI1l!», lIOCBlIll\eHHbIX 1855- 1872 ro)J:aM (BhlllIJll1 Ha'lI1Hall C 20-ro TOMa B 1944- 1947 rt KaK npononxenne sroporo 113)J:aHI1l!, nasaroro B 1900- 1901 IT., 19-TOMHoro rpyna BI1CKOBaTOBa A. B. 1834-1862 rr., xoropoe 6bVTO )J:OBe)J:eHO)J:O 1855 r.). Bonee roro, 'IaCTh rpamop C Harpa)laMI1 na <popMe, omesaranaux Mll 28 TOMa C lIOMeTKOH B JleBOM yrny lIO)l paMKoH «T-BO rOJlI1Ke 11 Bl1JIh60pr» npeanonoxarensno B 190 I r. I1JII1 HeCKOJlhKO lI03)1(e, narnpyerca aHHOTa1\IU!MI1 C TO'lHhlMJI )J:aTaMJI 15-18 uapra 1855 t, npWleM B 27 -M TOMe, lIOCBllll\eHHOM 1854 r., B KOTOPOM anepasie B 113)laHI111 na MYHiJ:l1pax nosanmorcs narpam», lIllTl1YfOJlhHOH KOJlO)J:KI1 euie HeT - OT'leTJlI1BO Bl1,l1Ha lIpliMall nema.

CYl\lI lIO OT)leJlhHhlM TOMaM nepsoro 1131\aHIU! Ha)l11306paJKeHIU!Mi1 )lJl!l Ka)I()lOfO TOMa pa60TaJIO OKOJlO )J:eClITKa «CGCTaBHTeJleH» 11 cssuue nonyropa l\eClITKOB rpasepoa lIO KaMHIO. O'leBI1I\HO, 6hlJlO aexoe ofiinee pacnopsxenae, 06113aTeJlbHOe)lJl!l scex COCTaBI1TeJleH, cornacno KOTOPOMY 11306paJKeHI1l! 1\0 27-ro TOMa nasanacs 6e3 uarpaa,

CBel\eHI1H 0 BpeMeHI1 «COCTaBJIeHIU!» (TepMI1HOJlOrl1l! nepsoro 1131\aHlU! 1825-1855 rr.) PI1CYHKOB 06Hap~Tb He Y)J:aJIOCh, HO MO)I(HO lIPel(lIOJlO)l(J1Tb lIO xapaxrepy lIOl\lll1CeH HeKOTopbIX MCTOB, )lJl!l KOTOPhIX ro-ntas nara B npnuunrre He06113aTeJlbHa, 'ITO PI1CYHKI1)lJl!l HI1X l\eJlaJIl1Cb B COOTBeTCTBYIOll\I1H aHHOTal\l1l1 rOI\ 11 naxe )J:eHb, T. e.ans 28-fO TOMa B 1855 t, 'ITO npespamaer I1X B <pOTorpa<pWleCKOH TO'lHOCTI1

114 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <li a n e p H C T H K a

o A • E P • CT. K A I

CBl1)\eTeJlbCTBO XY,ll,O)f(HI1Ka-COBpeMeHHI1Ka. Ilonrsepxaaer sro npennonoxeane 11 HaJll1'll1e B uexoropux KOMTIJleKTax JIIfTOrpaBlOp B TOMax C 20 no 34-H HeCKOJlbKl1X cnenannsrx o<pceTHOH nesarsto C 3aMeTHhiM KpynHhIM paCTpOM l1]]JlIOCTpal.(I1H He,ll,OCTalOll(I1X M5! 113,1l,aHI15! 11306pa)l(eHI1H, aa KOTOPblX orcyrcrayer YKa3aHl1e aa BI1J1h60pra (n03)1(e - «T -BO [OJlI1Ke 11 Bl1JIh60pp», a YKa3aHa non paMKoH COBeTCKa5! rnnorpaeaa. Bep05!THO, no npl1'll1He OTCyrCTBl15I OTII1CKa OPI1fl1HaJlOM nocJlYJKl1J1 He JlI1CT nesarn <pI1PMhl BI1J1h60pra, rnpax KOTOPOro Mor 6hlTh He,ll,OCTaTO'lHhIM, a I1CXO,ll,HhIH PI1Cj'HOK - sro noncxasusaer, 'lTO 11 <pl1pMa BI1J1h60pra npn nO,ll,rOTOBKe TaK 11 He ssuueniuero B nauane 20 B. npononxetras nomsoaanacs CTapbIMI1 pI1Cj'HKaMI1, KaK BOCnOJlb30BaJlaCh,ll,Jl5! nepeI13,1l,aHI151 TOMOB C l-ro no 19-H JlI1CTaMI1 11J1J1IOCTpal.(I1H nepsoro 113,1l,aHl15J.

Ha rpamopax, ,Il,aTl1pOBaHHhlX 3l1MIDIMl1 MeCill.(aMI1 scerna 11306pa)l(eH JleTHI1H neasax, KOTOPbIH, Bl1,Il,I1MO, np0113BO,ll,l1JICll ,Il,OCTaTO'lllO YCJlOBHO, KaK <pOH M5! <Pl1rYPhl. TeM He MeHee, nOCKOJTbKY Y,Il,aJlOCb YCTaHOBI1Th B omen-nux cnyxaax ,Il,ampOBKY BOCKpeCHhlMI1 ,Il,H51MI1, TO ,Il,ampOBKl1 nerennsr He MOryr llBJlllTbCll ,Il,aTOH C,Il,a'll1 patioru, a OTHOCllTCll, cxopee scero, KO BpeMeHI1 3apI1COBKl1 C narypu 11306palKeHHOH <PHTYPhl. He xorvr 6hITh OHI1 11 BpeMeHeM OKOHltaHl15J pacoru, nOCKOJlbKY BCTpe'laIOTC5! cJTY'lal1, xorna onna <pl1rypa naraposaaa )lBYM51 ,Il,aTaMI1 inanpuuep, UJlJI.439), 'lTO rOBOpl1T 0 <pHKCal.(1111 BpeMeHI1 pafiora Jll160 C 11306palKeHl1eM Jll160 C aarypoii. Bonee roro, B cnysae 11306palKeHI15! ua O)lHOH rpamope )lBYX 11 fionee <pl1ryp I1HOf)la acrpesarorcs nae ,Il,aThl B nereane O)lHOH rpaaiopu. 3TO nOKa3bIBaeT, 'lTO nara OTHOCI1TCll ,Il,alKe He K uenoii KOMn0311l.\1111, a K 3apl1COBKaM OT)leJlhHblX <pHryp. OTMe'leHHble Ha6J1IO,Il,eHl15J nepesonar 11306palKeHl15Il13 KaTerOpl111 YCJlOBHblX 11J1J1lOcrpal(lIH K HOpMaTI1BHhlM )lOKYMeHTaM B paspan ,Il,0KYMeHTaJlbHblX CBI1,1l,eTeJlhCTB snoxn,

Xapaxrep CJlOlKeHI151 JleHT na KOJlO,ll,Ke MO)f(HO BOCCTaHOBI1Tb no pI1CYHKaM. JIeHTa l1,1l,eT C JleBOH 060POTHOH CTOPOHbI (JleBOH OTHOCI1TeJlhHO JlI1l.(eBoH) CHl13Y asepx no JleBOH 'laCTI1 JlI1l.\eBOH CTOPOHbl, 3aTeM csepxy BHl13 no npasoa sacr» 060POTHOH CTOPOHbl11 CHl13Y saepx no npasoa '1acm JlI1l(eBOH CTOPOHbl C saaepureanea npn BI1TKe csepxy BHl13 no JleBoit '1acm 060pOTHoit CTOPOHbl. Taxoe CJlOlKeHl1e BbI51BJ15!eTC5! no nepexpsmno JleHToit, KOTOpa51 pacnonoxeua B JleBOH 'lacm KOJlO,ll,Kl1, JleHThl npaaof CTOPOHbl. Ha rpamopax BCTpe'laeTC5! TOJlhKO raxoe pacnonoxeuue JleHT na JlI1l.(eBOH cropoue KOJlO)lKI1.

Bepxass rpans TI5!myrOJlhHI1Ka KOJlO,ll,Kl1 paBH5!erC5! urapnne nenru Jll160 111l1pe ee, HO He fonee 'leM na seraepn. B cnysae BblCOKOH KOJlO,ll,Kl1 Hl1)f(Hl1e rpann nD'ITI1 l.(eJlI1KOM rroxpusanacs JleHraMH, ocraanaa He60JlblUOH

468

<t>APMAllEBT'b io-ro H BETEPM.HAP"b s-r= KJ1ACCOB'b, I@ J(aJl 1819'7.

(8. ZOPOiJCKOQ napaiJHoQ <pop",,.).

npOCBeT Mll OTBepCTI151 non KOJlbl.(O, xpenumneecs K ytuxy Me,ll,aJll1, ,Il,Be aepxtrue 60KOBbie rpaan 6blJll1 paBHbIMI1 11 6J1113Kl1MI1 no pasaepax K )ll1aMerpy Me)laJIl1, sepxnaa rpaiu 11 ,Il,Be HHlKHl1e 60KOBbie 6hIJll1 nO'lTI1 paBHblMl111 HeCKOJlhKO 60Jlbllll1Ml1 no cpaBHeHl110 C JleHTOH, HO MeHbllll1MI1 no cpaBHeIDIIO C BepXHI1MI1 60KOBblMl1 rpaH5!MI1, Hl1)f(Hl1it (CKphITbrM) yron paBH5!JlC5! npl16J1113l1TeJlbHO 110 rpaayca«, Menam, nosra He saxpuaana Hl1lKHI1H yron KOJlO,ll,Kl1, BI1Ill1Ma5J sacn, KOJlO,ll,Kl1 COCTaBJI5!Jla noxru nonropa ,Il,l1aMeTpa Me,ll,aJll1. B cnysae Hl13KOit KOJlO,ll,Kl1 Hl1)f(Hl1e rpaHI1 OCTaBaJll1Cb orxpsrrujrn np116J111311TeJTbHO ua O,ll,HY rpers, Hl1lKHl1M yron TIRmyroJlhHI1Ka KOJlO,ll,Kl1 npl1XO,ll,I1J1C5! nO'lTI1 na uentp Me,ll,aJll1 (opneua), He aanpannpcsannaa JleHTOH'laCTh aaxpuaanacs aarpanoa. B nocnenneu CJTY'lae BI1,1l,I1Ma5! xacrs

KOJlO,ll,Kl1 paaaanacs no sucore ,Il,l1aMeTpy Me,ll,aJll1, serape 60KOBble rpamr 6billl1 paBHbIMI1 11 6J1113Kl1MI1 no paaxepax K ,Il,l1aMerpy Me,ll,aJll1, HO HeCKOJlbKO 60Jlhllll1Ml1 no cpaBHeHl110 C BepXHeH, paBHoit nO'lTI1 scerna WMpl1He nenru, Hl1)f(Hl1it (CKpbITblit) yron COcraBJI5!JI OKOJlO

110 rpaaycos.

I1TaK, rpamopu «l1cTOpl1'1eCKOrO Onl1CaHl15I» 3a<pI1KCl1pOBaJll1 nepexon OT np5!MOH MaTep'laTOH nerrrsr K TIllTl1yroJlhHoH nenre C lKeCTKOH BcraBKOH B nasane 1855 r. 11 oT06pa311JTl1 naa ee rana: BhlCOKYIO C BhICOTOH OT Hl1)f(HerO yrna KOJlO,ll,Kl1 B ,Il,Ba-,Il,Ba C nOJlOBI1HOH ,Il,l1aMerpa Me,ll,aJll1 (11J111 opaena) 11 Hl13KYIO B O,ll,I1H-nOJlTOpa ,Il,l1aMeTpa Me,ll,aJll1.

HYMi3MaTHKa i <panepHcTHKa 151

I $ A " E P H C T H K A

Ilepuioi cBiTOBOI BiHHJ1. B )le5l1GlX nOJIKaX raJIll'laHll CTaHOBllJII1 Bi)]' 30 )],0 79 % ()lI1B. Ta6JI. 1 [2D.

Bararo 3 HI1X na CBOIX 0)],HOCTP05lX HOCllJIll pisuouauirni naM'5ITHi Bj)],3HalGl aa ysacn, y 60HOBllX onepauisx CBOIx xopnycia, 6pl1ra)]" nOJIKiB. Taxnx Bi)],3HaK e )],}')Ke 6araTO, npore ue rexa OKpeMOrO )]'OCJIj)],)I(eHH5I. 36eperJIllC5I CBiTJII1HI1 YKpalHChKl1X Ci'lOBI1X CTpiJIhUiB 3 5-6 pi3HoMaHiTHI1MI1 Bi)],3HaKaMll sa ysacrs y pi3HI1X 605lx '111 BiHChKOBllX onepauisx [3].

He B)],aJO'lIlCh)],O ormcy 60lB aa Bepexaun ra ua 11:0ro OKOJII1U5lX (1915-1917), rpefia 3a3Ha'lIlTI1, uto ui naa'srni 3Ha'llGl B fiararsox Bl1na)l,KaX 6yJII1 €)],I1HI1MI1 Bj)],3HaKaMH )lJUI TllX )leClITKiB TI1C5[l! BolIKiB- ramoraa B aBcTpiHChKl1X BiHChKOBllX MYH)l.llPax ra O)],HOCTPOlIX YKpalHChKl1X cisosnx crpinsuis, lIKi nOKJIaJIll )I(J1TT5I y 60POTh6i 3 HalllllM O)lBi'lHI1M BOPOroM.

CnpaB)J(HhOJO rparenieio 6yJIO re, uio CllHI1 O)lHOrO napony 3rnlllJIllC5I y 6paTOB611B'liH BiHHi, i O)],Ha HOro sacraaa )]'06POBiJIhHO HlIlJIa BOJOBam sa YKpaIHY, m06 3ipBaTI1 KaH)],aHI1 MOCKOBCbKOI HeBOJIi, a npyra 3MYlI1eHa 6yJIa BOJOBaTI1 B panax uapcsxoi apuii aa 3H11meHH5I

epeJICGHU

y rjJaJlepUCmULtHUX nau'smxax 1914-1939 pp .

IT OCJIj)l,)J(yJO'l11 npOTlIrOM TpllBaJIOrO 'lacy f-iI(j)aJIepllCTll'lHY cnamrnnry nepiony HauiOHaJIbHO-BI13BOJIhHOI60pOTh611 yxpalacsxoro aapony sa BOJIIO ra nepxasuy He3aJIe)I(HicTb y 1914-1952 pp., BapTO OKpeMO Bll)],iJIllTll Bj)],3HalGl, nOB'5I3aHi 3 BiHCbKOBOnOJIiTll'lHllMI1 ra cycniJIhHI1Mll nO)li5IMll, 5IKi Bj)],6YSaJIHC5I Y Bepexauax Ta na HOro OKOJIHl.(5IX (Tepnoninscsxa 06JI.).

YMOBHO ui Bi)l3HalGl MO)I(Ha nO)liJII1T11 na rpa rpyna.

I. Aacrpiscsxo-yropcsxi sinsnaxa, nOB'5I3aHi 3 605lMll Ilepuroi CBiTOBOI BitiHll 1914-1916 pp.

II. Ilomcsxi Bj)],3HalGl rtepiozy Mj)j(sO€HHOI oxynauii Bepexan y 1918-1939 pp.

m. YKpallichKi Bi)l3HaKll nepio)l.y Hal.(ioHaJIhHO-BI13BOJIhHOI60pOMll 1914-1939 pp.

.11,0 neprnoi rpyn" C,rM aapaxysara raid Bj)l,3Hatrn:

1. I1aM'5ITHa Bj)],3HaKa «Lysonja 1917» (306pa)l(eHH5I y KaTaJI03i [1 D.

2. TIaM'5ITHa Bj)],3HaKa «Zlota Lipa 1914-1917» (306pa)l(eHH5I y KaTaJI03i [ID. 3. I1aM'5ITHa Bj)],3HaKa «Zlota Lipa 1914-1916».

4. I1aM'5ITHI1H )l(eTOH «Durch bruch an der Zlota Lipa - Olita bezetzt 27.Aug.1915».

5. TIaM'5ITHa Bj)],3HaKa «Semikowce 308 Honved.Gv.E.».

6. TIaM'5ITHa Bj)],3HaKa «Nastasow 7 sept. -

Zlotniki 7 okt.l915» .

.11,0 )]'pyroi rpyna HaJIelKaTb Bj)l,3Hatrn:

1. IOBllei1HHH 3HaK (<1530 Brzezany 1930 p,».

2. Menan; «Pierwsza wystawa ogolno-rol-

*y <jJoHl\aX Jlssiacssoro icropasuoro MY3~lO BlffiBlleHO nOH3I\ 50 npl1M. cpi6HllX naM'JlTHI1X xeronis, npl1CBJIlleHI1X BI13Ha4HI1M Bii1CbKOBI1M onepauias Ilepuioi cBiTOBOI Bifurn (B XpOHO- 1l0ri4HoMY nOpJlIIKY). Ha scix BI1J1BlleHI1X xeroaax

€ HYMepaI.1iJl BiII 11\0 105. HMOBipHO, uio nacnpaani Ix 6YllO fiinsure. Ha nemorx BI1J1BlleHllX xerouax Bi)IKap60BaHo nonii, uio Bi)I6ysam1CJI ua [aJ1l14l1Hi (Ilepeaauns, 5ipocllaB, CTpI1M, [oPJIlfI1J1, pi4KW 30110Ta Jlana, CJlH ra in.), Ha 3BOPOTHOMY 60l1i scix xerouis OI\HaKOBWM sanae: «Gott bereinsng Gelden» (slocnom, €I\Hae repols. ).

• CTenaH naxoIIKo, Ollbra MapTHH ("bsis)

nicza w Brzezanach 23-25 IX. 1928».

3. Bj)],3HaKa «Brzezanski klub sportowy «Sieniawa».

.11,0 rpersol rpyn" aanexan, Bj)l,3Hatrn: 1. IOBiJIeHHllH3Ha'lOK «CB5ITO "Pj)],HOI lIlKOJII1» B Bepexanax, 1935 p.».

2. TIaM'5ITHllii 3HalJOK «Ilpocsrra.

Bepexana. .

TIaM'm'Hi Bi)l3HaKll nepuroi rpyrnr sacsimyion, Hai1)l,paMaTll'lHinri 601 Ilepuroi cBiTOBOI BrnHI1, nOB' 5I3aHi 3 060POHOJO ropn Jlnconi n06Jl113Y Bepexan (Bi)l3H. NQ 1) [1], 601 na 6eperax 30JIOTOI JIllnH (Bi)l3H. NQ 2, 3, 4*) ra B HaBKoJll1lIIHix cenax Ceaaxisni (Bj)],3H. NQ 5), Hacracis - 30JIOTHllKll (Bi)l3H. NQ 6). HOCllJIH ui Bi)l3HaKll na 0)l.HOCTp05IX )]'OBiJIbHO, nepesaxao na rOJIOBHOMY y60pi (anisa a60 crrpasa) [2]. Bj)],3HaKll BIITOTOBJI5IJIll y MaHcrepH5IX Birns 3 UllHKy, JIaTYHi a60 cITJIaBiB «nin cpiono», i sin usoro sanexana ix sapricrs. Binuuicrs Bi)l3HaK BHrOTOBJIem sa npoeKTaMH Bj)],OMHX Bi)leHCblGlX xy)],o)l(HJ1Kis ra rpasepis. 5IK npasmo, Ui Bj)],3HaKll B05IlGl KYITYBaJIH sa BJIacHi KOlllTII. Ipouii, orpnuani sin nponaxy Bi)l3HaK, I1lI1JIJ1 na nonoaory iHBaJIi)laM, B)lOBaM ra Cl1pOTaM 3am6JIHX soinia

B ascrpo-yropcsxia apuii nonan 350 TllC5I'!

B05lKiB 6yJIII yxpainni, 51 Ki 6paJII1 ysacrs y 605IX

Bepexanu. 3aMoK CeItJl6CbKUX. Ilouunoea nucmiexa. 1908 p.

116 HYMi3MaTHKa i <PanepRcTHKa

$ A n E P MeT M K

Ilax'smna 6ia3HaKa «Lysonja 1917»

!laM 'smua 6ia3HaKa «llota Lipa 1914-1917»

Ila» 'JlmHUU JlCemOH «Durch bruch an der Zlota Lipa - Olita bezetzt 27.Aug.1915»

Ilas 'smna 6ia3HaKa «Nastasow 7 sept. - llotniki 7okt.J915»

Bia3HaKa «Brzezanski klub sportowy «Sienlawa»,

I06iJleuHuu 3HaK « 1530 Brzezany 1930 p»

I06iJleuHuii 3Ha~OK «C6J1mO «piaHOi UlKOJlU» 6 EepeJICaHaX, 1935 p.»

Ilox'smna 6ia3HaKa «Zlota Lipa 1914-1916»

Ilau 'smna 6ia3HaKa «Semikowce 306 Honved.Gv.E.»

MeaaJlb «Pierwsza wystawa ogolno-rolnicza w Bneumach 23-25 IX. 1928»

Ilas 'JlmHuii 3Ha~OK ellpoceima. Bepexanu»

HYMi3MaTHKa i <pailepHcTHKa 171

I W A • E P H C T H K A

'lH na saspyrui narrac YKpa'iHcbKOIO MOBOIO (He BCTaHOBJIeHI1H). IMOBipHo, Bi.1l.3HaKa BHnYlIleHa B cepenjnti 30-x POKiB.1I.O IOBiJIelO cpirrii «IIpoCBiTH», sacnoaanol B Bepexanax Y 1895 p.

He aci cpaJIepl1CTI1'-!Hi naM'llTKH, nOB'1l3aHi 3 Bepexanaan, BU1HaM.1I.eHO. I1MOBipHO, iCHYBaJlH i ute sexaion, csoix .1I.OCJJU1HI1KiB BU13HaKl1 CniBO'lOrO TOBapl1CTBa «oepelKaHCbKl1M6011H», «fiMHa3iliHa PYCbKa 6ypca» ra «CeJUlHCbKa fiypca», Kpe.1l.l1TOBOI KaCI1 «HMi5!», TOBapl1CTB «)((iHO'la rpoxaaa», «Ilaciuna cninxa», «llpana», cpyr60JIbHOI KOMaH.1l.I1 «Jl HCOHll» ra iHlUl1X TOBapI1CTB, ino ycniumo .1I.i5!JJI1 B Bepexanax .11.0 npl1XO.1l.Y «BI13BOJJI1TeJJiB» y sepecni 1939 p.

€.1I.I1HOrO sononua YKpa'iHcbKol KYJIbTYPI1 ra .1I.eplKaBHI1UbKo·i .1I.YMKl1 B faJIWUfHi.

Ile rparisne asnrue B3a€MHOrO 6paToB611BcTBa, aa rrpeBeJII1Kl1H xans, nisnuue Ha6yJJo ute .1I.paMaTl1'lHilUOI CPOPMI1. B 1918 p. yxpanrcsxa apMi5! 3MyrneHa 6yJIa 60POTI1Cb 3 YKpa'iHcbKl1MH nOJJKaMI1., llKi nin Bl1JJJilBOM KOMyHiCTiB .a06POBiJIbHO CTaJll1 Ha 6iK MOCKOBCbKl1.X 3arap6HI1KiB i BI1CryrrJilJJI1 nponr YKpalHcbKol Haponnoi Pecnyonuor ....

Ilicna 60lB aa JlHCOHi, n06JJI13Y Bepexau, mo TPI1BaJll1 MaH)!(e nsa MicllUi, ai 47 CTaplUl1H ra 1685 CTpiJJbUiB neriony YCC lKMBHMH 3aJ1l1.lUI1JIJilCb 16 crapunm i ISO crpinsuisl

Ha uepunm; Jlncoui, uio 3.aiHMa€TbCll ua 399 M HM pisnex MOpll, BJilCO'li€ Xpecr cKop60Tl1. i CJJaBHllK B.alllJHa nav'ars npo re, uio ryr nOKJIaJJl1. rOJIOBI1 HaHKpallli CI1HH faJIW!I1HI1 - YKpalHCbKi cisosi CTpiJIbUi ra BOllKl1-YKpalHui B aacrpiacskax i POCiHCbKl1.X O.aHOCTpOllX.

3 BU13HaK npyroi rpynn BapTO OC06JJl1BO BI1.aiJIJilTI1 nOJJbCbKY nav'snry Bi.1l.3HaKY, anrryuteay 3 Haro.a11400-JJiTTll Bepexan.

3araJIbHoBi.aOMO, uio MicTO 6yJIO 3aCHOBaHe B 1375 p. Y 1930 p. MaJJl1 6 CBllTKyBaTH 555-pi'f'tll MicTa, ane nonscsxa a.aMiHicTpaui5!, HaTXHeHHa raHe6HoIO naUl1.cpiKaui€1O faJIl1lJI1HI1 ra Bepexan 30KpeMa, Bl1pimJilJJa «BKpaCTI1» 3 yxpalucsxo] icropii MicTa 155 pOKiB HOro iCHYBaHHll. Ofiypetra TaKl1.M piureans yxpaiacsxa rpouana Bepexan sapiumna He 6paTH yracri y CBllTKYBaHHi [4]. A cave CBllTO nOJJbCbKa lUJU!XTa Bi.a3Ha'lJilJJa 2 JII1.I1H5! 1930 p. 6aH.1l.I1TCbKOIO CrpiJIllHMHOIO aa 6eHKeTi** [5].

Bi.a3HaKH NQ 2 Ta NQ 3 norpeoyiors oxpeaoro .1I.oc_eHH5!, ruo He BX0.1l.MTb B KOJJO HaWl1X sauixaanea», TOMY nonani TiJu,Kl1.1x 306pa)!(eHH5! (B KOHTeKCTI iH¢>opMauii rrpo cpaJIepMCTl1lJHi naM'llTKl1., nos'aaani 3 Bepexaaaxa).

3 €.1I.MHOIO Bi.aHaH.1I.eHOIO YKpalHCbKolO aiaanaxoio - «CBllTO «Pi.1l.HOllUKOJII1» B Bepexanax, 1935 p.», uio HaJJelKMTb.1l.0 rpersoi rpyna, nos'ssaaa nyxe uixasa nonia, xapaxrepna Mll cycninsao- nOJIiTI1lJHI1X BUIHOCI1H Ilomcsxoinepxas« i xopinaoro yxpaincsxoro HaCeJIeHH5! faJJM'lMHH

B 20-30 poxax MI1.HyJJOrO CTOJIiTTll.

-Pinna WKOJJa» B Bepexanax 6YJIa 3aCHOBaHa B 1921 p., nicns ll,BOpi'lHI1X )l,OMaraHb, ilK 'lOTJilpI1.KJIaCHY mxony sa yMOBM, uio B IUKOJIi 6Y.1l.e 060B'1l3KoBe BI1KJIMaHH5! nOJIbCbKOl MOBH i see .1I.iJIOBO.1l.CTBO BeCTI1MeTbCll rrOJIbCbKOIO. Ilicna rpunanux «XO.1l.iHb no MYKax» WKOJIa P03pOCJIaCb.1l.0 6-KJIaCHOl i npOiCHyBaJJa.1l.0 1939 p., T06TO.1l.0 HOBOl oxynauii 3axi.1l.Hol YKpalHI1. )];iJJOBO.1l.CTBO aecs 'lac BeJIOCll yxpaincsxmo MOBOIO. Jl:JUI rrOJJbCbKOl anxinicrpauii Ull WKOJJa 3aBlKAI1 6yJJa ciJJJJIO B cui.

Ilarpionoure BI1.XOBaHH5! B IUKOJJi P03XO.1l.I1JIOCll 3 nOJJbCbKOIO lUKiJIbHOIO rrOJIiTI1KOIO, crrpsuonauoio na UiJJKOBI1.Te CnOJIblUeHH5! xopinaoro HaCeJIeHHll 3axi.LJ.Hol YKpalHI1. B 1932 p. rrOJIbCbKl1.H ypllll" He nO.1l.alO'lM Hi5!KMX npwmH, nOBi.aoMI1B npo JJiKBi.aauilO «Pimroi lUKOJJM» B Bepexauax. Ta na .1I.OMaraHHll yxpauntia 06rpyHTyBaTM ue posnopsnxemrs ra axasara aiarroeiani rrOCTaHOBI1. 3aKoHiB, piuieiuor 6YJIO cxacoaaue]"].

30 sepans 1935 p. s Bepexanax Bi.1l.6YJIOCll BeJII1'lHe CBllTO «Pi.aHOllUKOJIM» 3 OCBlllJeHH5!M npanopa, nposenemiax KYJIbTYpHOp03BalKaJJbHI1X aaxonis [6].

Bxe 3 cauoro panxy nomcsxi lIJOBiHiCTH 3 HeHaBHCTIO i 3JI06010 .1I.MBJilJJI1.Cb, ilK 3Bi.ayCiJIb 3"ilKLoKaIOTbCll .11.0 Bepexan ni.aBO.1l.I1. Ilorix BOHI1 CTaJJl1 HanMaTH na CeJIllH, nouanncs 6iliKI1. Hi6H ua 3aMOBJIeHH5! 3'IlBJilJJHCb rtoniuijiui Bi.a.LJ.iJIM aa 'lOJIi 3 rroBiTOBI1M KOMicapOM noniuii. fIoCTpalKlJ,aJJO 6araTO CeJIllH, Ta me fiinsure nepertano HanMHI1KaM. Iloniuia 3MyrneHa 6yJIa BM3HaTM BI1Hy nOJIllKiB. Heaaaxaioun ua see ue, CBllTO npOHlUJIO cnoxiano i rinno. Ha .1I.PYfl1H .1I.eHb no cssri KOMi cap noniuii nO.1l.11KyBaB rOJIoBi MicTa sa nopaaox i rimry nOBe.aiHKY opraaisaropia rtin 'lac HanMY noniuii aa yYacHI1KiB CBllTKyBaHHll.

3 Haro.1l.l1 moro casta 6yJll1 snrryuieai IOBiJJeHHi 3Ha'lKl1, a KOlUTH Bi.a ix nponaxy niiunn aa rrOKpI1.TTll sntpar; rrOB'1l3aHI1X 3 npOBe.aeHHllM casra, BI1.11BJJeHO TiJIbKl1 O.1l.I1H eK3eMITJIllp BUI3HaKl1! ABTOPOM npoexry 3Ha'lKa E Bi.aOMMH yKparnCbKl1M rparpi« Ilanno KOB)!(yH.

IUe O.1l.Ha ainsuaxa, noa'ssana 3 Bepexaaaua, uio rpl1.BaJJl1H 'lac 36epiraJJaCll B npl1BaTHili 36ipui OJIeKCaH.1l.pa Ilocvinoxa 3 Tepnonona, na xans, srpaxena, 3a cnoraaaxn BJJaCHI1Ka, siasaaxa MaJJa BI1r1Ill.1l. P03roPH}'TOl KHMlKKl1 aa rni COHWlHoro npoaimm, aa Hili 6YB aannc «Ilpocsira Bepexaino. Ha 3BOPOTi

** «Micro Bepexaan BlI.l\aJlO 06il1 3 HarOIlM csoro 400-JliITH i 12S-JliITH MicbKol rixnaaii. B ofiini B3HB ysacrs M. i. xan. 6 JleT)'HCbKOrO nOJlKY ai JlbBOBa

O. Ma€BCbKMM. EYB TaM i Bp, EIlM. fanJliHCbKMM a6c. npns. i BJlaCHMK MJlMHa, pes. odiiuep, 11.\0 € rex KOMaHilaHTOM OKPYTI! CTWeJleL\KOrO COI03y.

,[(0 Ianniacsxoro npMCTYnMB xan, Ma€BcbKMM i snapna MOro IlBiqi B JlJ1L\e. faTIJliHcbKMM BilInOBiB, lIIO BiH 6e360pOHHMM i secri CBO€160poHHTHMe inaxuie' Toni xan. Ma€BCbKMH 3 sinnani IlBOX xpoxis BMCrpUUIB 110 Haruincsxoro B rpYlll1. KYJlJI npotiana nereni ra aacrpsrna B xpeori, lJanJliHCbKOro BilIBe3JlM 110 lliTIl1TaJlJO. KaJKyTb, Hi611TO qanJliHchKHM CKa3aB HKicb 06pa3JlMBi CJlOBa npOTH nani, lIIO 6YJla na 6aHKeTi, a xan. Ma€BcbKHM nOCTaHOBHB 60p0Hl1Tl1lx '1eCTb.

Imui KaJKYTb, lIIO L[aTIJliHCbKMM He31li6HHM 06paJKYBaTH JKiHOK, 60 ue narinsa JlJOIlHHa ra lllKeHTJlbMeH» .

CnUCOK n i m e p a m y p u :

I. Janez. lSvajncer.Osterreich- Ungar fur Kollektionare. Militaria Siouerrika. Ljubljana, 1991. - C. 30, 157.

2.Tomasz Nowakowski. Armja AwstroWegierska 1908-1918. Femix editions. Warszawa, 1992. - C. 60-90.

3. 36ipHI1K iCTOPI1'lHI1X cpoTorpacpiH «YKpalHcbKi Cisoai Crpinsui», - Jlssia:

Iannuxa BH.1I.aBHH'la cninxa, 2003. 4.IOBiJIeM Bepexan i yxpaimu II )];iJJo.- 16 rpasna 1930 p. - 'l.106, 131.

5. CTpiJJ5!Hl1Ha na 6aHKeTi 400- JIiTTll oepelKaHl1 )];iJIo.- 2JIl1nHll1930p. -lj.144. 6. CBllTO B Bepexanax ,/1 )];iJJo. - 23 rpaans 1935. - 'l.163.

7. IOBiJIeHHe CBllTO B Bepexanax. II )];iJIo .. - 4 JIl1rrHll 1935p. - 'l.174.

8. YKpalHcbKe Ileaarorisne TOBapl1CTBO «Pinna llIKOJHI». II Bepexanumna B cnoranax euirpaaris. - Tepuonins, 1993. - C .. 97.

118 HYMi3MaTHKa i <ilanepHcTHKa

$ A • E P " C T H K A I

YKpalHcbKe pinuunrruo, npouucen i «oonepauin Ha [aJlULfUHi y dxuepucmusuux nan 'smxax «inus XIX - novamxy XX em .

V ~eUb X!X ~ nOqaTOK.XX CT. nnic ~1,l{l!YTHl 3MlHI1 Y ,ll;YXOBHe )l(HTT5l yxpainuia faJIwmmr . He TirrbKM npofiymtnacs nauiotram.na csinoaicn, ramrtan, a M spic 3araJIbHHM pisem, KYJlbTYPI1, 30KpeMa KYJlbTYPI1 3eMJIepo6cTBa Ta BI1po6HHUTBa ciascsxorocnonapcsxoi nponysuii. IIicJI5! 6araTOpi~oro saxpina-renaa ceJU!IDf napeurri Bm'IYJlI1, uto e rocnonapmor na BJlacHili 3eMJIi, nosamr uiKaBMTI1ClI peaynsraraxa CBOe! B(l)IQ(Ol npaui, 5lK aacniaox, BJ1Hlll(JIa rtorpefia y ainanasenni i HarOpO,WKeHHi HaMKpalIll1X rocrroaapis.

YKpalliui faJIwmmr TPI1BaJIMM sac 6yJII1 n036aBJleHi aauionamuoi nepxasnocri i <paKTlflIHO He MaJIl1 MO)I(JIMBOCTi aiaanasanr JIIO,ll;eil cneuiansmora Me,ll;aJI5!MM Ta naroponasor aa ixni ,ll;OC5IrHeHH5! y piJrr,HMUTBi, HapO,ll;HOMY npOMMCJli, rrraxiamurrsi, 6,ll;)1(OJl5!PCTBi, sapouryaanni KOHeM ra inuroi XY,ll;06M i peansxo OuiHIOBaTH sapticrs CBOCI npO;zyKUll, a BO,ll;HOqaC sapaxam CBOIO nauionan.ay KYJlbTYPY ra caMo6YTHiCTb [1).

BeJlMKY nonovory y UbOMy nnani ceJlllHCTBY HMaBaJIM qMCJleHHi xooneparnna i TOBapMCTBa. 3apo,ll;)l(elffi5! yxpaincsxoro KOOnepaTMBHOrO pyxy B faJIlflIMHi nOB'5I3aHe 3 CaMO,ll;OnOMOrOBOIO axnieio, 5IKY B 1870-x poxax opraHi3YBaJIO ,ll;YXOBeHCTBO npu rraparpiax i rpOMMCbKl1X ypsnax (oparcsxi KaCM, rpoaancsxi IllIII1XJIiPM i T. n.).

Ta rto-cnpasxnsovy e<peKTMBHOIO <POPMOIO xoortepauis CTaJIa 3 BI1XO,ll;OM Y 1873 p. ascrpiacsxoro 3aKOHY npo «sapooirxoaoroprosensai cnimoo. Ilepmoto TaKOIO yxpaincsxoio xoonepauiero 6yJla «Haponna TopriBJI5!», 3aCHOBaHa y JIbBOBi B 1883 p. BaCl1JIeM Haripmor (puc, 1) 1 • lIicJI5! 3aCHysaHH5! Teo<pirroM Kopxomen spasxoaoro xoonepamsy «Bipas y Ilepevmuni B 1898 p. 6yno crnopene neprue KOOnepaTMBHe 06'C,ll;Halffi5! - «KpacBMM COlO3 Kpe,ll;MToBMi1»,

1 Blu3HaKY snnyuteso 3 uaronn 25-pi<ITH YKpa"iHcbKO'j xoonepauii thWBipHO, narysaaas .1886-1911. nOB'HJaHe 3i 3MiHoIO HIDBII i craryry «Haponnoi ropriani».

• CrenaH naXOAKO, OAbra MaprHH, AH9piH OAiHHHK (AbSis)

5IKMi1 CTaB rOJIOBHOIO <piHaHCOBOIO iHCTHTYUiclO i BepXOBHMM opraHi3auiliHMM ueHTpOM. Y 1904 p. peBi3iliHMM ocepenxox yxpaiacsxoi xoortepauii B faJIlflIl1Hi CTaB «KpaMOBMM COlO3 YKpalHCbKl1X xooneparopisr [2] (pac. 2 ra 3)2 .

Y 1898 p. B CTPIDO 6yJlo CTBopeHO «KpacBMM rocnonapcsxo- MOJlOqHHH COI03», ,ll;ilIJIbHicTb 5IKOrO 6yJlo Cnp5IMOBaHO na nonoxory censuau y seneuai rocnonapcrsa, y npl1,ll;6aHHi innerrrapio, MiHepaJIbHMX llo6pl1B TOlIlO. CTPI1.HCbKMM nOBiT 6YB OllHMM is HailcBmoMimI1.X i HaHopraHi30BaHillll1.X. Bi,uKOJlI1 y CTPI1IO OCeJII1BC5I O,ll;MH ia HaHBl1,ll;aTHillll1.X ,ll;i.5!qiB roro qaCY,ll;OKTOP Csrea OJIeCHI1UbKMi1, ue MicTO CTaJIO ocepenxox nonirmnoro, KYJlbTYpHoro Ta eKOHOMiqHOrO pyxy y Iliarip'i.

Y 1904 p. na CTPI1HlIll1Hi opraHi3YBaJII1 nepuri MOJlOqapCbKi KOOrrepaTHBI1, Ha OCHOBi 5IKI1X Y 1907 p. 6yJlo CTBopeHO «MaCJlOCoI03», nOBHa Ha3Ba - «KpaMoBMH MOJlOqapCbKMH COI03» (pac. 4)3.

Ilposeneaxa UI1.X oprarrisauianax aaxonis cnpaano ninsauiemno npO,ll;YKTMBHOCTi y CiJrr,CbKOMy rocnoaapcrsi, P03Bl1.TKY TPMl1.uilimrx i HOBI1.X BI1,ll;iB npOMl1cny, rrinsauteumo piBH5! KYJlbTYPI1 HaCeJIeHH5!. CTpl1.HCbKa «Ilpocsira. nepuroio B35!JIaClI CTBOplOBaTI1 MOJIOqapCbKi cninxn, sacayaasnm «MoJIOqapCbKMH COI03» [3).

Orxe, Bl1.Hl1.KJla norpefia excnoayaarn i pexnavyaara BJIacHY nponyxuito, npmovy He

2 Y 1928 p. «KpaHoBIIH COI03 YKpa'jHcbKllX xooneparopis» 3MiHIIB HIDBY ua «PeBi3iHHIIH COlO3 YKpaiHcbKllx xooneparopis- (PCYK). Blu3HaKY aurryuieno 3 Har01l11 CBHTKYBaHHJI 30-i piqHlIui «PeBiJili.Horo COlO3Y YKpaiHCbKIIX xooneparopis- ra OCBHqeHHJI npanopa 3 qepBHH 1932 p.Ilnn nOHan15 TIICHq Y'laCHIIKiE CBHTa 6yno BlInymeHo KOOnepaTHBH)' Blu3HaKY UiHOIO 20 COT., HKa OIlHOqaCHO 6yna CBO€PluHOIO nepenycrxoio aa nnoury (,COKOna- Earsxa» y JlbBOBi. Biamaxa B euani 6yna sanana MH noxecnnx rocrea CBHTa. Biaoua sinanaxa TPIIKYTHO'j tjJOPMII 3 nannccu

• r.C.Y.K .• (srpasena - sxpaaena 3 npasaruoi 36ipKll).

3 Aerop Blu3HaKll naRIIO KOBlKYH. BlIHRlleHO IIBa pi3HOB~lIlll Blu3HaKll - noxpari cBiTnO-ClIHbOIO i TeMHO-ClIHbOIO euanmo.

TiJrr,KM B Me)l(aX csoro periouy, a H na tepnropii nciei Kpallil1.. Haaxpauie 3anOBOJlbH5!JII1 UIO norpeoy YKpalHCbKl1X rocnonapis KpaMOBi rocnonapcsxi BI1CTaBKI1, y q](J1.X 6paJII1 ysacn. yxpainui, qaCTO 5IK cniB3aCHOBHMKM ra opraaisaropn.

O,ll;HY 3 nepllll1.XBI1.5!BJIeHI1.X Me,ll;aJIeH, 5IKOIO HarOpO,ll;)I(Y£aJIl1. YKpalHCbKl1X rocnoaapis, Bl1,ll;aJIO MiHicTepCTBO pinsnmma Aacrpo-Yropurana B 1890 p. 3 HaTIl1.CaMI1 YKpalliCbKOIO, HiMeUbKOIO ra PyMyHCbKOIO MOBaMI1 «Haropona xpaesa aa rO,ll;iBJIIO xY,ll;o611»* «Fur Rinrveinzucht»* «Pentoru Gultiuarea vstelor Cornute*. Ha JlI1UbOBOMY fioui 306pa)l(eHO rep6 EYKOBI1HI1 (puc. 5 i 6)4 [8). Binoxi pi3HOBI1.,ll;l1 Me,ll;aJIi 3 Hanl1CaMl1 na 3BOPOTi Olll1HanUllTbMa o<PiuiliHHMl1 MOBaMl1 AsCTPO- YropCbKOI ismepii (yxpaincsxa BKa3aHa lIK «rutenum»).

YqaCTb y KpaMOBI1X BI1CTaBKax 6yna )lJU! yxpainui» ,ll;06pOIO uaronoio nepei1H5ITI1 nepe,ll;OBI1H ,ll;OCBi,u rOCnO,ll;apIOBaHHlI 3a HOBI1Ml1. TeXHOJIorillMl1, BI13Haql1TI1 peanury sapricrs CBOCI rrpozyxuii, 3ryPTYBaTI1 BJIaCHi npO,ll;YKTI1BHi CI1JII1.

Bnepure yxpanrui excnonyaana CBOI Bl1.po611. na 3araJIbHili KpaMOBili BI1CTaBui B 1894 p. y JIbBOBi y naninsaouax roPO,ll;HHUTBaCaniBHI1UTBa, XapqOBI1.X ra ,ll;epeB'HHI1.X anpobis, nexoparnsnoi KepaMiKl1 Ta npo,ll;YKUil peuicmomx npoimcnis. YKpalliCbKa KYJIbTYpa 6yJIa rrpeacrauneaa B JliTepaTYPHo-<poToMl1cTeUhKoMY Ta eruorpadmaovy rranirsjionax, a caxpan.ne MI1CTeUTBO - y Bl1rJIMi ryuymcsxoi uepKBI1.

YKpalliui OTPMMaJII1 ua Bl1.CTaBUi 6araTO naropon, Ilpo ue csimars Me,ll;am 3 HaTIl1COM YKpalliCbKOIO MOBOIO «3afaJIbHa BI1CTaBKa xpaeaa y JIbBOBi 1894» ta HaTIl1COM ua 3BOPOTi «TIm npOTeKTOpaTOM HaH5!cHillloro uicaps I KOPOJl5! <l>paHUa Hocl1<pa 1», 5!Ki HatiqacTillle TPaTIJI5!lOTbC5I y 36ipKaX xonexuiouepia Ta B My3ei1mrx 3i6paHH5!X (pnc. 7, 8) .

4 Hannc «xpacsa» JaMiCTb <Kpa€Ba. CBluqUTb npo re, uio MeJlRllb BlIl<OHaB He yxpaurem;

HYMi3MaTHKa

<panepHCTHKa 191

I ~ A • E r • CT. I A

I. BiiJ3HOKO 3 H020iJU 25-pi'l'lH YKpoiHCbKOi Koonepo~ii.

4. BiiJ3HaKa «KpaiioBo2o MOAO'lapCbK020 COI03Y»·

2, 3. BiiJ3HOKU 3 H020iJU CBHmKYBaHHH 30-i pi'lHU~i «PeBi3iiiH020 COlO3Y YKpaiHCbKUX xoonepamooie».

5, 6. BiiJ3HaKa «Ha2opoiJa KpaiioBo sa 2oiJiBAIO xyiJo6u».

9, /0. BiiJ3HaKa «Ha2opoiJa nancmea sa 2oiJiBAIO KOHeii».

7, 8. BiiJ3HaKa «3a2oAbHa eucmaeta xpaeea».

lJ, 12. BiiJ3HaKa «19 KeD 17».

I 20 H l' M i 3 AI a r II K a i <P a .1 e p Her H K a

• A n E • H C T H K A I

f tu'iu llllJ I", '1111 •. .""$1 JlrU,U ru. 13 .-

i 1;-0. ~I'. . .,ft, .. 1.'~' .. , ~ .. " ......... ,~

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•. 0 1& nuruuu ~'lte) i cqmrt'lL &Gi9'li ~

m'l ~ {l'\~r" •. lb AHonbcn ~t ""

13, 14, llo~ecHui1 aunfloM rna Bia3HaICa «Ilepiuoi YICpaiHcbICoi xfli6opo6cbICOi eucmaexu».

15. Bia3HaICa «KOflOC B crnoaofli BOP02 B HeBOfli 1915».

18. Bia3HaICa «CBJlrnO CeflJlHICU»,

H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i if> a n e p H C T H K a 21 I

I $ A • E P H C T H K A

MOnOqapCbKlfl1 B CTpl1lO) sexamm, Me.Ilani 3 rrOnbCbKHMH HarrHCaMH. qH me i norerrep He snae rrpo iCTHOBaHe PYCbKOI MOBH, 'ill rnysye cotii 3 yxpainuis, a60 ysaxae ix sa rroJUIKiB?!» (Bi,rJ,3HaKa He Bl15lBJIeHa) [7].

Taxox MiHicTepcTBo pimmurrna BHKap6YBaJTO Me.IlaJTb is HalIHCOM aa nHll,bOBOMY foui «Franciscus Jozphus I.D.G. Austriae Imperator Hungariae Rex» i HarrHCOM aa 3BOPOTi yxpaincsxo» ra HiMeUbKolO MOBaMH -Haropona rraHbCTBOBa sa romano KOHei1» (pHC. 9, lO).

Ilepuia cBiTOBa ra nomcsxo-yspaurcsxa BrnHH (1914-1920) npasaenn .Il0 sauenany xoonepauii y [aJTHqHHi. 3 nsoro nepiony B.IlaJTOCJl BI1JlBHTH .IlBi Bi,rJ,3HaKH, sxi, O.IlHaK, He MalOTb npaxoro 3B'Jl3KY 3 xoonepauieio y [aJTI1'Ilmi, ane uixasi JlK ¢aJTepl1CTHqHi rraM'JlTKH HaIllOI icropii,

Ilepura Bi,rJ,3HaKa (.IlBa pi3HOBH,lIlI) 3 HalIHCOM «19 KCO 17» Tpl1BaJTHM 'lac 36epiraJTaCb Y MY3el BrnCbKOBO-icTOPI1'lJ{I1X rraM'5ITOK npn HTIII y JIbBOBi, noriu 6yna nepenana MY3elO BI13BonbHoi 60POTb6H y Ilpasi ITo 3aKiHqeHHi ,npyrol CBiTOBO] Boom Ben}fqe3Ha xonexuia usoro MY3elO 6yna BHBe3eHa.Il0 CPCP Ta posnopourena. qacTHHa ¢OH.IliB 36epiraeTbC5I y MOCKEi, a qaCTHHa - y KHeBi (sapas ui Bi,rJ,3HaKH 36epiralOTbC5I y MY3el icropii YKpalliH). MMOBipHO, Bi,rJ,3HaKa 6yna BH,llaHa «YKpalHcbKHM uenrpansmer KOOrrepaTI1BHHM KOMiTeToM» y KHeBi a60 KOOrrepaTI1BHOIO COlO3HOlO opranisauieio, 5IKI1X nanpnxinui 1918 p. 6yno 253 [2]. MO)I(Ha rrpHITYCTHTH, mo XTOCb is YKpalHcbKl1X CiqOBI1X crpinsuia npnsia ix is KHeBa i nepeaas MY3elO HTlll y JIbBOBi (pHC. 11, 12).

)J,pyra Bi,rJ,3HaKa 3 HarrHCOM «Konoc B CTO.IlOm sopor B aeaoni 1915», i1MOBipHO, rrOB'5I3aHa 3 siacrynox pociitcsxoi apxii s [aJTJfl!HHH ra MaCOBHMH rtimtanaxa He3i6paHoro sepna aoporov, uio nincrynaa. IJ,Jl Bi,rJ,3HaKa - 3aKJlHK 36HpaTI1 YPo)l(ai1 «<Konoc B crononi») ra He .IlaTH Moro soporcei (esopor B seaoni»). Bi,rJ,OMi Bi,rJ,3HaKH 3 HarrHCaMH KinbKoMa MOBaMH, B TOMY qncni nomcsxoio «<Kazdy klos dla wrogow cios») (puc. 15).

Ilicns soenaoro nl1XoniTT5I 1914-1920 pp. xoonepauis y [aJTHqHHi nosana Bi,rJ,pO,lOKyBaTHC5I m!IIIe B 1921 p. aa nincrasi nomcsxoro KOOrrepaTHBHOrO 3aKOHY. Y 1922 p. 6yno CTBopeHO «Kpai1oBHM KoMiTeT opraaisauii KOOrrepaTI1B», a 3 MOro iHiuiaTI1BH yTBOPMHC5I nosiroai KOOrrepaTI1BHi COlO3H [9] (pHC. 16).

YKpalHcbKa xoonepauis na aaxianoyrpalacuorx 3eMJ1JlX Y nepion MDK

Bi,rJ,OMi TaKO)l( Me.IlaJTi 3 HalIHCOM rrOJ1bCbKOIO ra HiMeUbKOIO MOBaMH. HalIHCH YKpalHCbKOIO MOBOIO caiasars rrpo ri,rJ,HHi1 BHeCOK yxpainuis y P03BHTOK pinsmnrrsa ra npoxacny B [aJTW-IHHi [I].

ITi,rJ,CYMKOM uiei rrO.IlBH)I(HHUbKO] npaui aa npoceirsucsxia Ta eKOHOMiqHiM: Hl1Bi CTaJTa opraniaauia B 1909 p. y CTPHIO «Ilepuroi yxpaincsxoi xnitiopoticsxoi BHCTaBKH» [5].

Bcsoro na BI1CTaBKY npaoyno nonan 400 ysacmrxin, eKCrrOHaTH 6ynl1 posxinieai y 17 KlMHaTaX HapO.IlHOrO .IlOMY. KaTaJTOr BHCTaBKH iranisysaa 1478 ercnonaris. OrMHyno BHCTaBKY nonaa 36 THCHq sonoai« 3 yciei [aJTHql1HH.

BHCTaBKY Bi,D,Bi,rJ,aJTH MHTporrOJlllT AH,lIpiH Illenrmrsxnji, aBCTprnCbKHM MiHicTp )J,yneM6a, siue-aapiuan EYKOBl1HH .IlOKTOP CMaJlb-CTOUbKHM, npopecopn

M. [pyrueBCbKHH, 1. JIeBl1HCbKHM,

IT. OrOHOBCbKHM, lIHCbMeHHllK e. maJTeHKO Ta me 32 B113Hawi Aillqi KYJ1bTYPl1, cneuianicrn y ranysi cinscsxoro rocnonapcrsa.

Ha BI1CTaBKY npmxana rocri 3 ABCTpil, Yropuuour, qexil, HiMe'f'IHHH i Bensrii. Peaynerarox «xpynrax cronies CTaJTO YKJTa,lIeHH5I ql1CneHHI1X norosopia rrpo rrOCTaBKY cinscsxorocrronapcsxoi rrpO.IlYKUll B ui xpainu. BI1CTaBKY IllHPOKO KOMeHTyBaJTa rrpeca [3].

Haroponxysana nepeuoxuis TpH xoxicii: ernorparpisna, HKa BH.IlaJTa 6 30nOTI1X,

9 cpi6HHX i 7 6POH30BI1X Me.IlaJTeM; npouncnoao-roproea, 5IKa Bl1.I1aJTa 21 aonory 32 cpitiui i 22 6POH30Bi Me.IlaJTi; pinbHl1qa, HKa BH,lIaJTa 34 aonori, 7 cpi6HJ1X i 8 6POH30BI1X Me.IlaJTeM. Kpix MeAaJTeM, ql1MaJTO yqacHHKiB OTPHMaJTH nosecni .IlHI1J10MH, .IlHI1J10MH aacnyrn ra rrOXBaJTbHi nl1CTl1 [4].

Oc06Jll1Boi ysara aacnyrosye MHCTeUhKH BHKap6yBaHa Me.IlaJTb tlJlJl nepexoxuis (puc, 13, 14) 1. Ha MeAaJTi sotipaxena opnrinamna peanicraxna xoxnoanuia: y rrpOMeHHX COHU5I, HKe CXOnl1Tb 3-3a rip, CeMHl1H y nOBrrn coposui ra cepnaxy 60COHDK ope ofinir; UeM mpl1'lHHM 06pa3 3 BenHKOIO exouiitnicno posnosiaae rrpo eaxxy npaino i 6i,n,HicTb raJTHUbKOro CeMHl1Ha, JlKHM y rn1160KiM 3a,!1YMi rrpo Mai16yTHrn spoxaa ~O 3A06YBae xni6 HacyruHlfM tlJlJl csoro Hapo,llY.

1 Y KPa€3HaB40MY MY3ei B Crpmo -Bepxosuna» 36epira€TbCH MeAaJlb i AHnnoM aacnyru, HKHMH B\n3Ha4HRH MHxailna Kniuia «3a naCi4HHI! Mell, i cyweHi OB04i •. 3 nplfXO,l1.0M 60nbweBHUbKllx 'BH3BonHreniB' B 1939 p. uraaoeanoro B

c. CynRn!4i rocnoaapn ra ynpaenrenn WKOITH HK KypKyAAuauioaanicra 6yno sacnano AO CH6ipy. LlHnROM 33CJTyT11 Bm 336paB ai c06010 i HK 6e3uiHHY PeJIiKBilO 36epiraB Ha 3aCJlaHHi, a xona nOBepHYBCH Ha piAHY 3eMllIO, nonapysaa ,l1.HnnOM i MeAaJlb MY3e€Bi (ilHB. AHnROM BHcraBKII).

306pa)l(eHHH aa 3BOPOTi .Ily6a 3 p03nOrHM rinns« Cl1MBOni3ye n06p06yT i rpovanancsxy ~iCTb[l].

UH MeLlaJTb OnHOqaCHO nirrnepnxye snasui ycrrixa YKPalHCbKOI inrenirenuii B crrpasi opranisauii Bl1CTaBKH Ta rrp06yL\)l(eHHH rpOMa,lICbKO-rrOmTHqHOI aKTHBHOCTi yxpainuis [aJT}fqI1HH. Meaam, 3 naronn Bi,rJ,3HaqeHHl! Ilepuroi yxpaiacsxoi XJli60p06cbKOI BI1CTaBKH B CTPHIO e qynOBOIO YKpalHCbKOIO Bm3HaKOlO y CTMi peaJTi3MY i nae niacrasa BBa)I(aTl1, mo II aBTOp nOC5Ir Bl1COKOrO piBHH MaMCTepHOCTi. I1MOBipHO, uio mo MeLlaJlb BHKOHaB yponxeuein, c. BH,lIY6iB aa Tepnornm.umai Ilerpo BaBpHHOB}fq Tepenryx (1876 - ? ).

IToLli6Hi Bl1CTaBKH rrposonamtcs noriu me nBi'li - B 1927 p. y CTPHIO ra B 1929 p. y JIbBOBi - nin Ha3BOlO «YKpalHcbKe ceno». I1MOBipHO, uio 3 HarOAH nposenenas ll,l1X BHCTaBOK 6YJllI BHIIyrueHi Menani, axe rrOKH uio Ix He Bi,rJ,Hai1AeHO.

«Ilepura yxpaurcsxa xnitiopcocsxa Bl1CTaBKa» B CTpI1lO MaJTa BeJlllqe3Hl1i1 BI1J1HB aa rrOnaJlbIllHM P03BHTOK xoonepauii, piJTbHI1UTBa, npoancny B Iamerani, na Saxapnarri ra EYKOBHHi, cnpaana rrp06yn)l(eHHIO uauionam.nci cBinOMOCTi ra niasmnenmo xynsrypnoro pisna Hapo,llY.

B)I(e y 19lO p. MiHicTepcTBO pinsmurraa y Binni naroponnno «KpaeBHM COlO3 rocrrOAapCbKO-MOnOqHHM» Y CTpl110 Aep)l(aBHOIO cpifiaoio MeAaJTJUO i3 HarrHCOM ira mnuosoxy 60ui «Franciscus Jozphus I.D.G. Austriae Imperator» ra 3 Harrl1COM YKpalHCbKOIO MOBOIO aa 3BOPOTi «)J,ep)l(aBHa uaropona tlJlJl sacnyr xono pinsmnrraa»,

Iasera «)J,ino» nanncana: «Ce BHCOKe aiasnaseue E nepuie tlJlJl yxpaiacsxoi incnrryuii B [aJT}fqHHi si CTOPOHH ascrpincsxoro npaaarenscraa. (Bi,rJ,3HaKa He Bl15lBJIeHa) [6].

AHaJTOriqHOIO MenaJTJUO MiHicTepcTBo pinsmnrrsa Bi,rJ,3HaqMO ronony rpinii «Cuscsxorc rOCnOAap5I» B CTPHIO Inoxenria 3axapiiBa, ynpaanrens inxonn B c.)J,yni611, esa rtponyxnho pinbH}fq11X i oropOAOBI1X I1J10niB, a TaKO)l( aa sitipaui HHM HaYKOBi 36ipKH tlJlJl nOrrOBHHIO'fOI HaYKH». Ha urn Menani HalIHC spooneno yxe nOJIbCbKOIO MOBOIO: «Nagroda panstwowa dla zaslug rolniczych» (Bi,rJ,3HaKa He BHHBneHa).

OCb llK orurcye 06ypeHHJl ramrsaa rasera «)J,iJTo»: «)J,HBye Hac, qOMY 1.(. K. MiHicTepCTBO pinsaauraa, Bi,rJ,3Haqyroqn MenaJTJIMl1 PYCHHiB ql1 PYCbKl incnrrynii (60)1( 30BCiM aHaJToriqHOIO MeAaJIJ1IO, JlK TO B)I(e 6yno oronomeno B «)J,ini», Bin3HaqMO i COlO3

I 22 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <l> a n e p H C T H K a

,[IBOMa CBiTOBHMH BiMHaMH, He3Ba)l(aJO'I11 Ha aenaxi nepenonn 3 60KY nOJIbCbKOI BJIa,[IH (nal\McPiKal.\ilI930 p., 06Me)l(eHHlI ,[IilIJIbHOCTi PCYK Y 1934 p.), CnpH'IMHl1JIaClI,[IO npamurenna 3y60)l(ffiHlI yxpaiacsxoro cena, 3MiuHeHHlI Moro exouoaisnoi He3aJIe)I(HOCTi, rriaaauieuu» pinus KYJIbTypH Ta nauionanuroi cBi.r\OMOCTi Kooneparnsnis ocsirnia npaui ,[IOrrOMaraJIH «Ilpocsirar ra «Pinna uixona», rrpOBO,[llI'IJ1ll.(OPOKY 30 sepecns, Y,[IeHb

CB. COcPi1, Bipn, Hanil Ta JIJ060Bi [2], KOOnepaTHBBi CBlITa, 06)1(}fHKl1 (pHC. 17), CBlITa CeJIlIHKl1 (pMC. 18) [10,11,12].

Ilin 'lac oxyrrauii Saxiaxci YKpai'HM 6irrblllOBI1l.(bKOJO Poci€JO Y sepecni 1939 p. YKpaiHCbKY xoonepauiio 6YJIO 3pyMHOBaHO, a fiararsox II 'IJIeHrn ra opranisaropis cPi3H'1HO 3HMll.(eHO aa repeaax fYJIAfy.

Cn u c o « n i m e p a m y p u :

1. K03iM H. Mei citscsxorocnonapcsxnx i rrpOMMCJIOBI1X BI1CTaBOK faJIH'IHHM i

EYKOBI1Hl1 npyroi rrOJIOBI1HH XIX - rtos, XX CT. II 3HTIII, T.CCXXXI. Ilpal\i xosricil crreuianuurx (norroaixnnx) iCTOPM'IHMX ,ll."I1Cl.\l1l1J1iH. - JIbBiB, 1996. - C. 350-351.

2. EHl.\HKJIOrre,[lilI YKpa·iH03HaBcTBa.

Koonepauis, - T. 3, CT. 1127. - JIbBiB, 1994.

3. EOpO,[laBKa 10. Ilepura XJIi60p06cbKa II foMiH BOJIi, 1 cepnns 1990 p.

4. 1HcP0pMal.\ilI rrpo naroponxenns II ,!lirro, 16 nacronana 1909 p., 'I. 253.

5. Ilepiua yxpauicsxa XJIi60p06cbKa BMCTaBKa B CTPI1JO I l,!lillo, 2 JIl1rrHlI 1909 p., '1.143,'1.173,'1.176,'1.192, '1.193,'1.207. 6. Bi.r\3HaqeH€ i npM3HaH€ ,ll.JIlI pycsxoro TOBapHCTBa I I ,!lillo, 1910 p., 'I. 87.

7. ,!laJIbllli Bi.r\3HaqeHHlI II ,!liJIO, 1910 p., '1.104.

8. Aleksander A. Marko. Auszeichnungen der Osterreichisch - Ungarischen Monarchie und der Zwischenkriegeszeit. Preiskatalog 1997 II CT. 114, NQ 435h.

9. Ili,IJ,rOTOBKa,IJ,O JOBirreJO nonir COJ03Y YKp. Koonep. y ,llpor06M'Ii II HOBHM 'lac,

4 '1epBHlI 1935 p., q. 122.

10. CB5ITO CemlHKM II fOJIOC nauii, 5 JIMrrHlI 1936 p., '1.1, CT. 7.

11. CBlITO CeJIlIHKM B Crpl1JO II ,!lirro, 10 JIHIlHlI 1936 p., q. 78.

12. Ilosiroae CBlITO CeJIlIHKM II Barskiaurana, 26 JIHIlHlI 1936 p., q. 28.

Adn au n cr an

Il p o o o n zc e n u e . Ha'taflo eM. M 3'2005.

MeAaJlb «CaMoOTBep)I(eHHOCTb» MeAaJIb «CaMOOTBep)I(eHHOCTb» Y'Ipe)l(,ll.eHa 17 Mail 1982 f.

3TOH MeAaJIblO narpaxaanxc» adiraucxne rpaxaane aa TPYAOBble 3aCJIym BO finaro POAI1Hbl, aa AelITenbHOCTb, HanpaBJIeHHYlO na sceaepnoe passarue 11 yxpennesne Hal.(110HaJIbHOH 3KOHOMI1Kl1, HaUI10HaJIbHOH:

KynbTYPbl, nnreparypu 11 I1CKYCCTBa; AOCTH)I(eHl1lI B pa3Bl1Tl1l1 npOCBeweHI1H 11 3ApaBOOXpaHelH1i1, ycnexa B nOAfOTOBKe KaAPOB, sacnyra no aaunrre peBOJlIOl.(110HHbIX 3aBOeBaHI1H, a rsxxe ycneWHYIO rOCYAapCTBeHHYIO 11 06mecTBeHHYlO nearensaocrs.

MeAaJIhlO Harpa)l(,ll.aJIl1Ch I1I1HOCTpaHHble rpaxaaue.

Menans HOCI1TCii ua JleBOH CTopOHe rpYAI1 nocne Op,!l.eHOB.

OIlI1CAHHE.

Menam, «CaMOOTBeplKeHHOCTb» I1MeeT cPoPMY npaeunuroro xpyra ,!l.tIaMeTpOM 38 MM.

Ha JIl1l.(eBOH: cropoae Me,!l.aJlI1 na cPOHe He6a 11306palKeHbI ropu, C JleBOH CTOpoHbI ua cPOHe rop - cPa6pHKa, C npasoa - npoxoMll.\aiI B ropax JIl1Hl1iI anexrponepeaa'ra Ha nepeaneu nnaae cPl1fYPa patiosero B ITpO<jJl1JIb, B PYKax y pa604ero aBTOMaT. 3a cPI1fYpoH patosero Bl1AHeeTCii pexa, sa peKOH:

HaxOAl1TCii none C patioraioune« KPecTblIHl1HOM C JlOnaTOH: B pyxax, C neBoH CTOPOHbI MeAaJlI1 11306palKeH xonoc nweHl1l.(b!. Kpas MeAaJlI1 OKati:MneHbI 60pTHKOM llll1Pl1HOH I MM.

Ilpn nOMOml1 yurxa 11 xonsua MeAaJIb coeaanserca C TJilTl1yronhHoH KOnO,!l.KOH, 06TlIHYTOH WeJlKOBOH: MYapOBOH JleHTOH 111I1PI1HOH 24 MM.

JIeHTa COCTOI1T 113 nonce rpex l.(BeTOB - senenoro, 30nOTl1CTOrO 11 rony6oro. IIII1PI1Ha Ka)I(,ll.OH nonocxa - 8 MM.

Ha 060POTHOH CTopOHe Me,[laJIl1 I1MeeTCii BhmYKJIaii HaAnl1Ch Ha3BaHl1iI Me,!l.aJIl1 «CaMOOTBeplKeHHOCTb» .

YKa3 ony6J1HKoBaH B «O<j)l1l.(l1aJIhHOH raaere» NQ 521 OT 6,!l.eKa6plI 1982 r.

MeA3Jlb «Bepaecrs»

Menan, «BepHOCTb» yspexneaa 17 Mail 1982 r. MeAaJIhlO narpaxaanncs a<j)raHCKl1e rpaxnaue sa TPYAOBOH BKJIaA B pa3BI1Tl1e 11

repMOH rHeOS,

• BAOgHMHp WHPWOS (MOCKSO)

yxpenneuae npOMblwneHHOCTI1, CeJlhCKOrO X03i1H:CTBa, rpancnopra 11 npyrax OTpaCJleH:

Hal.(110HaJIbHOH: 3KOHOMl1Kl1; aKTMBHOe Y4acTI1e B CTpOI1TeJlhCTBe 11 peKOHCTpYKUHI1 06beKTOB, I1MelOml1X saxnoe 3Ha4eHI1e MlI 3KOHOMI1Kl1 CTpaHbI; ycneuuryio pafiory B 06J1acTI1 npOCBemeHI1i1113,!l.paBOOXpaHeHl1iI, sacnyrn B pa3BI1Tl1l1 HaUHOHaJIbHOH: KYJlbrypbI 11 I1CKYCCTBa, nJlOAOTBOPHYJO rocYAapCTBeHHYJO 11 06l.1..\eCTBeHHYJO AeHTeJlbHOCTb 11 ycnexn B nO,[lrOTOBKe Hal.(110HaJIbHbLX KaAPOB.

3ToH·Me,!l.aJIblO Harpa)l(,ll.aJIl1Cb I1 I1HOCTpaHHhle rpaxnane.

Meaans HOCI1TCii ua neBOH: CTopOHe rpy,!l.11 nocne Me,!l.aJIl1 «CaMOOTBeplKeHHOCTh».

OIll1CAHl1E.

MeAaJIb «BepHOCTb» I1MeeT <j)OPMY npaBI1J1bHOrO xpyra Al1aMeTpOM 38 MM.

Ha JIl1l.(eBOH: CTOpoHe Me,!l.aJlI1 C npasof CTOPOHhI l1306palKeH xonoc nweHl1Uh1 Wl1PHHOH: 3 MM.

C JleBoA CTOPOHbII1306palKeHa nonosuna ruecrepun, PaCCTOlIHl1e or BHeWHeH CTOPOHbl 3y6L\OB,[I0 BHyrpeHHeH cropouuurecrepnn - 3 MM, paCCTOlIHl1e or BHeWHeH: CTOpoHhI BnaAJ1H mecrepan ,!l.0 BHyrpeHHeH: CTOPOHbl uiecrepnn - 2 MM.

B BepXHeH: 'IaCTl1 MeAaJIl1, B MeCTe COe,[lI1HeHl1iI KOJlOCa C urecrepaea I1MeeTCii 11306palKeHI1e nilTI1KOHe'IHOH 3Be3Abl.

B uenrpe JlI1l.(eBoA CTOPOHbl Me,[laJIl1 11306palKeH MaJIhfH xpyr Al1aMeTpOM 32 MM. no HeMY xa <j)oHe He6a 11306palKeHbi ropsr C npoxonsuietl no HI1M JlI1Hl1eH: 3J1eKTpOnepeAa'Il1. C JleBOH CTOPOHbl, sa rOpaMI1, Bl1l\HeeTCii 11306palKeHI1e <j)a6pl1Kl1. Haxe JlI1HI1I1 anexrponepeaasn 11306palKeHa 1lJl0TI1Ha rHl\p03J1eKTpOCTaHl.(l1l1, C npanoa CTOPOHbl KOTOPOH - KaHaJI. Ha nepeaneu nnane nOKa3aHO none C pa60TalOl.1..\I1M na HeM TpaKTOpOM.

Meaam, npn nOMOl.1..\11 yuixa 11 xonsua COe,[lI1HlIeTCii C nllTHyrOnhHOA KOJlOI\KOA, 06TilHyrOH WeJlKOBOH MyapoBoH JleHTOH:

WI1PI1HOH 24 MM.

JIeHTa Mel\aJIl1 COCTOI1T 113 pasuux nonce rpex L\BeTOB - netiecno-ronyooro, 30JlOTl1CTOrO 11 cepefipncroro.

Ha 060pOTHOH: CTopOHe Me,!l.aJIl1 HaAIll1Cb «BepHOCTb».

YKa3 ony6J1I1KoBaH B «O<j)I1L\l1aJIhHOA raaere» NQ 521 OT 6,!l.eKa6pil 1982 r.

H Y Ai i 3 Ai a T H K a i <P a n e p H C T H K a 23 I

MeaO/lb «COMOOm6epJlCeHHOCmb»

MeaO/lb «30 om60ZY»

MeaO/lb «BepHocmb»

MeaO/lb «30 xopoUlylO OXPOHY ZPOHUlibl»

I 24 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i c:jJ a n e P H C T H K a

MeOOJlb «30 cJlyJIC6y IV cmenenu»

MeooJlu «30 XOpOU/y/O cJlyJIC6y»

MeOOJlb «30 cJlyJIC6y III cmenenu»

MeOOJlb «30 cJlyJIC6y II cmeneHU» MeOOJlb «30 cJlyJIC6y 6 BC»

H y M i 3 MaT H K a i c[> a n e p H C T H K a 25 I

Me aa m, «3a o r aary»

Menam, «3a orsarv» yspexnena 24 ~eKa6p51 1980 r.

MeJl,aJIbIO HarpaJK,L(aJIHCb soenuocnyxauute, Jl,06POBOJlbl\bI H HHOCTpaHHble rpaxsane aa MyxeCTBO, CTOMKOCTb H orsary B 605lX C sparaua ):(PA.

MeJJ,aJIb «3a orsarys pacnonaranacs ua JleBOM CTopOHe rpyJl,H nocne MeJl,am! «BepHOCTb».

OITI1CAHME.

Meaam, «BepHOCTb» MMeeT ¢OPMY npaamsuoro xpyra ~HaMeTpOM 37 MM.

B BepxHeM LJaCTH MeAaJIH pemedmo H306p(l)](eHbI TpH JleT5Illl.HX cnpasa HaJIeBO CaMOJleTa, B uenrpe - BblrryKJIbIMH 6yKBaMH HMnHCb B O~HY CTPOLJKY (,3a oraary». B HIDKHeM LJaCTH MeAaJIH TIOA HMnHCbIO paCTIOJJOlKeHO pemeoaoe H306p(l)](eHHe TaHKa na ¢oHe rop. ITo KpaIO OKPYlKHOCTH JlHl\eBOM CTOPOHbI HMeeTC5I BblHYKJIbIM 060Jl,OK lllHPHHOM 2 MM C Hal\HOHaJIbHbIM opnaueuro«.

Meaans H3rOTOBJleHa H3 MeJlbXHopa. 060poTHa51 CTopOHa Me~aJIH MaTHpOBaHHa5l. ITPH TIOMOlUl1 yurxa H xonsua MeJl,aJIb

COe~HH5IeTC5I C TI5ITHYTOJlbHOM KOJlOAKOM, 06T5IHyTOM llleJIKOBOM MYapOBOM JleHTOM ceporo tmera C ~ByM5I Y3KHMH CHHHMH ITOJlOCKaMH ITOCepe~HHe JleHTbI H no OJl,HOM Y3KOM nOJlOCKe fienoro usera no Kpa5lM JleHTbJ. Illupnna JleHTbI 24 MM, lllHpHHa nOJlOCOK 1 MM.

YKa3 ony6J1HKoBaH B «O¢Hl\HaJIbHOM raaere» NQ 470 OT 31 Jl,eKa6p51 1980 r.

Me aa as «3a xupcuryro cJlYlK6p MeAaJIb «3a XOpOlllYIO cJlyx6y)} yqpeJK,L(eHa 24AeKa6p51 1980 r.

MeAaJIbIO HarpaJK,L(aJIHCb BOeHHOCJlyxalUl1e, xoropue B 60pb6e C sparaxn adiraacxoro rOCYJl,apCTBa CBOHMH YMeJlbIMH, HHHl\HaTHBHhIMH AeMcTBHHMH, COnp5llKeHHhIMH C PHCKOM MH lKH3HH coneacraosaur ycrtexy 60eBhlX Onepal\HM. 3TOM MeJl,aJIbIO HarpaJK,L(aJIHCb raxxe HHOCTpaHHhle rpaxnaue.

MeAaJIh «3a XOpOlllYIO cJlyx6y» pacnonaranacs aa JleBOM CTopOHe rpYAl1 nocne

MeAam! «3a crsary». -

OITI1CAHI1E.

MeAaJIb «3a xopouryio cnyxtiy» HMeeT ¢OPMY TIpaBHJlbHOrO xpyra ,llHaMeTpOM 32 MM.

B BepXHeM LJaCTH JlHl\eBOM CTOPOHhl H306p(l)](eHa peJlhe¢Ha51 fl5lTHKOHeLJHa51 asesna, non KOTOPOM no nonyxpyry HJl,eT HMTIHCh «):(eMOKpaTH4eCKa51 Pecny6J1HKa A¢raHHCTaH)}, a no ropH30HTaJIH - «3a XOPOlllYIO CJlyx6y)}. TlOA ropH30HTaJIbHOM HMfTHCbIO H306p(l)](eHbI cxpeuiemrue aBTOMaT H llIaIIIKa. ITo KpaIO OKPYlKHOCTH C JlHl\eBOM CTOPOHbl HMeeTC5I BblcrynaIOlUl1M 060AOK llIHPHHOM 2 MM C Hal\HOHaJIbHbIM opnaaenrov.

060pOTHa51 CTopOHa Me,llaJIH MaTHpOBaHHa5l. ITPH ITOMOlll.H YWKa H xom.na MeAaJIh coeAHHHeTC5! C n5lTHyroJlbHoM KOJlOAKOM, 06T5IHyrOM WeJlKOBOM MyapoBoM JleHTOM ronytioro usera C ,llBYMH npOAOJlbHbIMH flOJlOCKaMH xpacnoro uaera ITO Kpa5lM. Illupuua netrru 24'MM, llIHpl1Ha TIOJlOCOK

2MM.

YKa3 orry6J1HKoBaH B «O¢Hl..(HaJIhHOM rasere» NQ 470 OT 31 AeKa6p5! 1980 r. 113BecTHo HeCKOJlbKO Pa3HOBH,llHOCTeM Me,llaJIl1 «3a xopouryio cJIyx6y)}:

1. MeAaJIb yseJlW-IeHHOrO ,lll1aMeTpa, OLJeHb rpy60M pafioru. 113roTaBJlHBaJIaCb B A¢raHHcTaHe.

2. Menans C APyroM HMnHChIO ira JlHl\eBOM CTopOHe.

Me)l,aJIb «3a xopouiy» oxpany rpauau» Menans «3a XOPOllIYIO oxpany rpamnr» YLJpeJK,L(eHa YKa30M ITpe3H)l,H)'Ma PeBOJlIOl\110HHOro COBeTa ):(PA OT 24 AeKa6p51 1980 r.

mOH Me)l,aJIbIO HarpaJK,L(aJIHCb eoexaocnyxaunte norpamonrsx BOMCK 11 muta H3 lJl1CJla rpaxaaacxoro HaCeJleHH51 H lTJIeMeH 3a XOpOwyIO OXP3HY rocY)l,apCTBeHHoH rparunnr, xpaopocrs H caMOOTBeplKeHHOCTb, rrp05!BJ1eHHYIO B 60eBblX ,lleMCTBH5IX C HapYWHTeMMl1 rpamnn«, sa aKTHBHYIO novouu, BOMCKaM B oxpaae rpamnn; ):(PA. Me)l,aJIbIO HarpaJK,L(aJIHCb raiose HHOCTpaHHhle rpaxaane.

Menan; «3a XOPOWYIO oxpany rpannu» pacnonaranacs aa JleBOH CTopOHe rpyn» nocne MeAaJIH «3a xopouryio cnyzfiy».

OTlJ.1CAHJ.1E.

MeAaJIb «3a XOPOWYIO oxpany rpamru» HMeeT ¢OPMY f1paBHJlbHOrO xpyra )l,HaMeTpOM 32MM.

Ha JlI1l\eBOH CTopOHe Me)l,aJIl1 H306palKeHa ¢HIYpa soopyxenacro aBTOMaTOM BOI1Ha, crosntero B03J1e IIOrpaHH'-1HOrO croatia. Ha 3MHeM f1J1aHe nsofipaxeau ropu. TIo KpaIO OKPYlKHOCTI1 C JlHl\eBOM CTOPOHhI MMeeTC5I BblcTynaIOlll.I1M 060)l,OK WI1PHHOM 2 MM C Hal\110HaJIbHhIM opnavenro».

Ha 060POTHOM CTopOHe Me)l,aJIl1, B HIDKHeH ee 4aCTH HMeeTC5I peJlbe¢Ha51 HMIIHCb «3a XOpOlllYIO oxpany rpaunu».

TlPH IIOMOIl\H yruxa 11 xonsua Me,llaJIb COe)l,l1H51eTC5I C IIHTayrOJlhHOM KOJlOAKOH, 06T5IHyT0H WeJlKOBOM MYapOBOM JleHTOM 3eJleHOrO UBeTa C )l,BYM5I npO)l,OJlbHbIMI1 KpaCHblMI1 f10JlOCKaMH nocepenune H IIO O)l,HOM f10JlOCKe fienoro UBeTa no Kpa5lM nenru. Illnpuaa neirru 24 MM, Wl1pHHa KpaCHhIX f10JlOCOK 3 MM, fienux - 1 MM.

YKa3 orry6J1HKOBaH B «O¢I1l\l1aJIbHOM rasere» NQ 470 OT 31 )l,eKa6p51 1980 r.

Menan» aa BblcJlyry aer B Be j(PA

ITo aHaJIOrl1H C MeAaJI5IMl1 «3a 6e3ynpeLJHYlO CJlYlK6y B BC CCCP>) B Pecfly6J1I1Ke A¢raHHCTaH 6hlJlH Y4peJK,L(eHbI MeAaJIH aa CJlyx6y B A¢raHCKOM HapOAHOH ApMHH.

3Tl1Ml1 Me,llaJl5lMI1 HarpaJK,L(aJIl1Cb TOJlbKO rpaxaane ):(PA, CJlYlKHBllIl1e B A¢raHCKOM HapO)l,HOM APMHI1.

Menan; «3a CJlyx6y B BC>) I1MeJla serape CTeTIeHH: sa 5, 10, 15 H 20 ner CJlyx6bI. Kpove roro, CYlll.eCTBOBaJIa MeAaJIb (OLJeBH)l,HO, flO aHaJIOrHH C cOBeTcKoM MeJl,aJIbIO -Berepaa BC»), KOTOpa51 uasusanacs «IIoLJeTHa51 MeJl,aJIb sa 25 ner CJlyx6hl B Boopyxeauux Cnnax»,

TaK KaK ua Me,llaJl5lX 11306palKeH rep6 Pecny6J1HKl1 A¢raHHcTaH, IIpHH5ITbrn 30 H05l6pH 1987 r., MOlKHO npennonarars, LJTO 3TH MeAaJIH 6blJll1 yspexnem; TIOCJle 1987 r.

OHI1 CAHI1E.

MeAaJIb «3a cJlYlK6y B BC>) HMeeT ¢OPMY npaBI1J1hHOrO xpyra Al1aMeTpOM 32 MM.

Ha JlHlleBOM cropoue 11306palKeH rep6 Pecny6J1HKl1 A¢raHHcTaH na ¢oHe 3Be3Abl.

1. MeAaJIh sa 5 ner CJlyx6bI H3rOTaBJlHBaJIaCb H3 fienoro MeTaJlJ1a, JIY4H 3Be3Ahl noxpsrru 3MaJIbIO xpacnoro irsera. MeAaJIb I1MeeT BblllYKJIYIO HMflJ1Cb na 060POTHOM cropone «MeAaJIb IV CTeneHH sa

5 ner CJlyJK6bI B BC}.

2. MeAaJIb sa 10 ner CJlyx6bl H3rOTaBJlHBaJIaCb 113 lKeJITOrO MeTaJlJ1a, JlYlJl1 3Be3)l,bl, ua KOTOPYIO HaJIOlKeH rep6, TIOKPblThl f1030JlOTOM. 3Be3)l,a H rep6 PA 60JlbWerO pasaepa, LJeM na MeAaJIH sa 5 ner CJlyJK6bI. JII1l\eBa51 LJaCTb MeAaJIl1 noxpura 3MaJIblO xpacuoro usera. Ha 060POTHOM CTopOHe I1MeeTC5I BblHYKJIa51 HMIII1Cb «Me)l,3JIh III CTeneHH sa 10 ner CJIyx6hI B BC>).

3. MeAaJIb aa 15 ner CJIyx6bl aHaJIOrH'-lHa asnueonncannoii, rOJJbKO JJl1ueBa5lLJaCTh Me)l,aJIH nokpura 3MaJIbIO ronyooro usera H aa 060POTHOM CTopOHe HMTIHCb «Me)l,aJIb II CTefleHI1 sa 15 JJeT CJJyx6bl B BC».

4. Menan, sa 20 JJeT CJIyx6bl H3rOTaBJll1BaJIaCb 113 xenroro MeTaJlJ1a, JIYlJH 3Be3,llbI, ua KOTOPYIO HaJIOlKeH rep6, noxpsrru f1030JlOTOM. Mexry nyqaMl1 3Be3)l,bI pacnonoxenn IIHTb BblrryKJlhlX n030JJ04eHHblX JIY4eM. 3Be3)l,a H rep6 PA fionuuero pasaepa, 4eM na Me,llaJIHX sa to 11 15 net CJIyx6bJ. JIHl(eBa51 CTopOHa Me)l,aJIl1 nokpsrra 3M3Jlh1O 3eJJeHOrO uaera (f1pe)l,TIOJlOlKHTeJlbHo). Ha 060POTHOH CTopOHe MMeeTC5I H3AfTl1Cb «Me)laJIbI crenenn sa 20 JJeT CJIyx6bl B BC».

Me)laJIH C TIOMOllJ.bIO yurra 11 xomua COe)ll1H5llOTC5I C rr5lTHyrOJJbHOM KOJlO)lKOM, nOKphITOH llIeJJKOBOH MyapoBoM JJeHTOM xpacnoro usera lllHPI1HOM 24 MM. Ha JJeHTe pacnonoxenu rpa nOJJOCbI, B ueirrpe - senetroro 11 no 60KaM LJepHOrO l\BeTOB. lliHpHHa IIOJlOC 3 MM.

I 26 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <P a n e p H C T H K a

MeAaJIb sa 25 ner CJI)')K6bI H3rOTaBJlHBaJIaCb H3 )J(eJITOfO MeTaJIJla. Ha JUll.\eBOH CTopOHe MeAaJIH H306pa)J(eH rep6 PA, HaJIO)J(eHHbrn na 3Be3AY C JlYlJaMH nOKpbITbfMH n030JlOTOH. Me)J()l,y nylJaMH 3Be3Abi pacnonoxeusr n51Tb BbrnyKJlblX rpanenux n030JlOlJeHHbiX JlyqeH. JIHl.\eBa51 CTopOHa MeAaJIH noxpsrra 3MaJIbIO TeMHO-CHHero usera. Ha 060POTHOH CTopOHe HMeeTC51 BbrnyKJla5l naanaci, «IIOlJeTHa51 MeAaJIb sa 25 ner CJl)')K6bl B BC».

MeAaJIb rrpn nououm ymxa H xonsua COeAHH5IeTC5I C n51THyrOJlbHOH KOJlOAKOH nOKpblTOH IlleJIKOBOH MyapoBoH JleHTOH xpacuoro usera IllHPHHOH 24 MM C rony60H H CHHeH nOJlOCKaMH no OAHOMY xpaio JleHTbI. Illapana rrOJlOCOK rro 3 MM.

MeAaJlb «OT 6J1arOAapHoro aljlraHcKoro napona.

Cneunansno M5I narpaxneuna COBeTCKHX BOeHHOCJl)')Kall.lHX, BoeBaBIllHX B Pecnytimnce AcPraHHcTaH, acPraHcKHM rrpaBHTeJlbCTBOM 6blJla yqpe)J()l,eHa MeAaJIb «OT finaronaptroro adnaucxoro napona». 3TOH MeAaJIblO narpaxnensr TbIC51lJH rpaxaan 6blBIllero Cosercxoro COI03a.

OIII1CAHI1E.

MeAaJIb «OT finaronapnoro adiraacxoro napoaa: HMeeT cPoPMY rrpasan.noro xpyra AHaMeTpOM 32 MM.

Ha JlHl.\eBOH CTopOHe H306pa)J(eHO COJlHl.\e, BblrJl5lAblBalOll.Iee H3-3a rop. Hall, COJlHl.\eM H306pa)J(eHbI ABa 3HaMeHH: CCCP H PA. Cnesa OT 3HaMeH pacnonoxeno H306pa)J(eHHe JlaBpOBOH BeTBH.

Ha 060POTHOH CTopOHe MeAaJIH HaIl,lIHCb na ABYX asuxax - PYCCKOM H napa: «OT 6J1arOAapHOfO adnaucxoro napona»,

MeAaJIb C noxoumo YWKa H xonsua coezonrena C np51MoyrOJlbHOH KOJlOAKOH, HMelOUIeH csepxy H CHH3Y npmioyronuure rrpopesn, sepes xoropue BHYTpeHH5l5I sacn, KOJlOAKH 06T51Hyra IlleJlKOBOH MyapoBoH JleHTOH ronytoro usera IllHPHHOH 24 MM.

):(mi npnxpernerma MeAaJIH K OAe)J()l,e na 060POTHOH CTopOHe KOJlOIl,KH HMeeTC51 6YJlaBKa, HO BCTpelJaIOTC51 MeAaJIH, xoropsre Kpell5lTC51 K onexne C rrOMOUIblO BHHTa H raHKH.

MeAaJIb «OT 6J1arOAapHoro acPraHCKoro napona» caxaa pacnpocrpanennas acPraHCKa51 MeAaJIb.

MeAaJlb «10 a e r Caypcxo a PeBOJllOlIHH»

MeAaJIb «10 ner CaYPCKOH PeBOJlIOl.\HH» yqpe)J()l,eHa YKa30M IIpe3HIl,HYMa Pecrry6J1HKH AcPraHHCTaH aa NQ 148 OT 27 arrpena 1988 r. Menanao aarpaxaanncs rpaxnane PA H npyrax CTpaH.

OIII1CAHI1E.

MeAaJIb «10 ner CaYPcKoH PeBOJlIOl.\HH» HMeeT cPOPMY npanansnoro xpyra AHaMeTpOM 32 MM. B uenrpe MeAaJIH pacnonoxen xpyr C rOp51ll(HM cPaKeJlOM. OT cPaKeJla B TpH CTOPOHbl paCXOA51TC51 JIYlJH, COCT051ll.lHe H3 rpex nOJlOCOK.

Ha 060POTHOH cropone MeAaJIH HaIl,llHCb <dO ner CaYPcKoH PeBOJlIOl.\HI1».

IIPH nOMOUII1 YWKa H xonsua MeAaJIb COeAHH5leTC51 C lI5lTl1yrOJlbHOH KOJlOAKOH rrOKpbITOH IlleJIKOBOH MyapoBoH JleHTOH 3eJleHOrO uaera. Illnpnaa nenrsr 24 MM.

)J,OKYMeHTbl 0 Harpa)J()l,eHHH MeAaJIblO 3arrOJlH5lJlHCb no-pa3HOMY. ABTopaM H3BeCTHO ABa crrocofia 3anOJlHeHH5l AOKYMeHTa: OT pyKH H ua nl1IllyureH MaIllHHKe.

MeAaJIb «3a no6ell,y»

MeAaJIb «3a II06eAY» HMeeT ABe CTeneHH H rrpeACTaBJl5IeT C060H npaBHJlbHbIH xpyr AHaMeTpOM 32 MM. B ueirrpe MeAaJIH pacnonoxen xpyr; OKaHMJleHHbIH KOJlOCb51MI1 crrpasa H cnesa. OT xpyra OTXOA51T serupe nylJa - Ka)J()l,bIH H3 rpex rrOJlOCOK. B uenrpe xpyra HaX0Al1TC51 cPaKeJl KpaCHOH 3MaJIH.

MeAaJIb I crenenn rr030JlOlJeHHa51, II CTeneHH - nocepeopennan. Ha 060POTHOH CTopOHe MeAaJUI HMeeTC51 aanrmcs «3a II06eAY». noll, Ha)l,lII1CblO l.\l1cPPbI Il1J1l1 2, 0603HalJalOUIHe I HJIH II crenem,

MeAaJIb npu rrOMOUII1 yurxa 11 xom.ua COeAHH5IeTC51 C lI5lTHyrOJlbHOH KOJlOAKOH, 06nIHyrOH IlleJlKOBOH MYapOBOH JleHTOH spacnoro usera C 3eJleHOH H 6eJlOH rrOJlOCKaMH no 060l1M Kpa51M. Illnpnna nenrsr 24 MM, JleHTbl nepsotl H BTOPOH crerrenn OAI1HaKOBbI.

MeAaJlb MHHHcTepcTBa focYAapcTBeHHoii ne30nacHocTH B KOJlJleKl.(HH OAHOro H3 aBTopOB ecrs MeAaJIb, TOlJHOe Ha3BaHHe KOTOPOH noxa onpeaemrrs He YAaJIOCb.

3Ta MeAaJIb npeACTaBJI5leT C060H xpyr Al1aMeTpOM 32 MM. B cepennne pacnonoxen UIHT CI1HeH 3MaJIl1 C OKaHMJleHl1eM csoero 60pTHKa KpaCHOH 3MaJIblO. Ha UII1T HaJIO)J(eH MelJ PYK051TblO saepx, B uetrrpe UIHTa rep6 Pecrry6J1HKH AcPraHHCTaH ofipaaua 1987 r. BHH3Y unrra 6YKBbI, BHAI1MO oaaasaiouore «MI1HHCTepcTBo focYAapcTBeHHoH Besonacaocno

MeAaJIb rrpn rrOMOIllH yiuxa H KOJlbl.\a coeAHH5leTC51 C ll5lTHyroJlbHOH KOJloll,Koii 06T5lHYfOH IlleJIKOBOH MYapoBoH JleHTOH COCT05lll.leH H3 paBHbIX nonce sepnoro, xpacnoro H seneaoro !.(BeTOB. Illnpnna JleHTbI 24 MM.

060poTHa5l CTopOHa MeAaJIH rnanxaa, MaTl1pOBaHHa5l.

* * *

Ilocne 1988 r. B Pecrrytimtxe AcPraHHCTaH 6blJl yqpe)J()l,eH PM narpan CB513aHHbIX C Bbl,I\aIOUIHMHC51 JlHlJHOCTHMI1, BOIlleAUII1MI1 B HCTOPHIO AcPraHHCTaHa. K CO)J(aJIeHHIO. aaropax He YAaJIOCb HaHTH CBeAeHH5l 06 yxasax H craryrax 3THX narpan.

DblJll1 yqpe)J()l,eHbl nsrs oPAeHoB H IIIeCTh MeAaJIeH.

MeAaJIb «MYJlJla MymKH A.iIaM»

MyJlJJa MYWKH AJIaM - report arprancxoro conporaaaenns BO BpeM5I BTOPOH aHrJIOadiraucxoji BOHHbI. MYWKH AJIaM - np03BI1UIe. 'IIO)LIII1HHOe HM51 )J,HH MyxaMMaIl,. )J,YXOBHbrn BO)J()l,h runssaea. I1HAHiicK!1ti MYcYJlbMaHHH, MYJlJla, H3BeCTHhIH CBOMM 6J1arOlJeCTl1eM. )J,OJlfO )J(HJI B fa3HH (ropon B I\cPraHHcTaHe) 11 ClJl1TaJI ce651 acPraHl.(eM. Bo BpeM51 BOHHbI 6blJl J)!(e OlJeHb crap, HO no ero CJlOBY ThIC51lJH peJlHfH03HbIX cPaHaTHKoB (rasa) 6bIJlH rOTOBbI lIO)J(epTBoBaTh C060H.

OIII1CAHI1E.

MeAaJIb «MYJlJIa MYWKH AJIaM» HMeeT cPoPMY npaBI1J1bHOrO xpyra AHaMeTpOM 40 MM. no xpaio MeAaJIl1 HAeT 60pTHK. UeHTp MeAaJIl1 srmcan B MHoroJlYlJeBYJO 3Be3AY. Me)J()l,y 3Be3AOH 11 60PTHKOM nonoxena 3eJleHa51 3MaJIh. B uerrrpe JlHl.(eBoii CTOPOHbl H306pa)J(eH Kopan ua Cnel.\HaJIhHOH nOACTaBKe na cPOHe 3eJleHOH 3MaJIH. B BepXHeii lJaCTH MeAaJIH Hall, KopaHOM pacnnnoxeao 11306pa)J(eHl1e Mexpa6a* H MeH6apa** aa cPOHe COJlHelJHhIX JlyqeH, Me)J()l,y KOTOPhIMI1 nponoxena CBeTJlO-CHH5151 3MaJIh. Ha cPOHe CBeTJIO-CHHeH 3MaJIH csepxy MeAaJIH pacrronoxeno H306pa)J(eHHe JlaBpOBOH BeTBH, BHH3Y - ABe Ca6J1H.

MeAaJIb rrpu noaoum YWKa H xonsua COeAI1H5leTC51 C ll5lTHyrOJlbHOii KOJlOAKOH, 06T5lHyrOH IlleJIKOBOH MyapoBoH nearoa Illl1PHHOH 24 MM, COCT051UIeH H3 rpex pasnsrx nonoc ronytioro, )J(eJITOfO H 3eJleHOrO !.(BeTOB.

MeAaJIb «fa3H MyxaMMaIl, AiiI06-xaH» AJ1106-xaH - BHYK 3MHpa )J,OCT MyxaMMMxasa, npaBHTeJl51 Iepara, CblH 3MHpa Illnp Anaxana, YlJaCTHHK 6l1TBbI npa MaHBaHAe.

OIII1CAHI1E.

MeAaJIh «fa3H MyxaMMM AiiJ06-xaH» npeACTaBJl5IeT C060H rrpaBHJlbHbIH xpyr Al1aMeTpOM 40 MM. B uenrpe MeAaJIH - xpyr; HaJIO)J(eHHbrn na MHorOJlYlJeBYJO 3Be3)l,y.

B uearpe xpyra - KOJlOHHa qaYK rra cPO He rop.

* Mexpa6 - Hl1lIla B Me'leTH, KOTopaH yr<a3blBaeT uanpaaneune na MeKKY.

** Menpati - TPH6yt1a C KOTOPOH npOnOBe,ll,HHK sener npononeas.

<P a n e pile T II K a 271

I H A r 0 P 0 ~ "

K P A I H

C BIT Y

MeOOJlb «Om 6J102000PH020 OrjJ20HCIC020 HOpOOO»

MeOOJlb «ltl sem CoypcICoii Pe60JllOljUU»

MeooJlu «30 no6eoy» II u Icmeneuu

I 28 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i tl> a n e p H C T H K a

u v r u r u a u

K P A I H

/

MeaaJlb MUHucmepcmea [ocyaapcmeeHHou Besonacnocmu

MeaaJlb «knu MyxaMMaa AJC6ap-xaH»

MeaaJlb «MyJlJla MYUlKU AllaM»

MeaaJlb «MaJlaJwu - ZepOUHJI MaU6aHaa»

H Y AI i 3 AI a T H K a i <I> a r e P H C T H K a 291

Cnpasa 11 cneaa 11306pa)KeHl1e OKaHMJleHO KOJlOCb5lMI111 Ca6J151MI1.

qaYK - naM51THI1K B xecn, n06eJl,bl ac!JraHCKl1X BOHCK npn MaHBaHJI,e BO BTOPOH aHfJIO-ac!JraHCKOH Boillie. 3TOT naM51THHK HaXOJl,I1TCll B Kafiyne B KOHl(e npocrtexra MaHBaHJI,a na OJl,HOl1MeHHOH: rrJlOW;a,[J,I1.

Ha 060POTHOH CTOpOHe MeJl,aJIl1 - BblIlYKJla51 Ha,[J,lIHCb «Iocynapcrsemras MeJl,aJTb [3311 MyxaMMa,[J, AHI06-xaH - rr06eJl,I1TeJJb 611TBbl rrpl1 MaHBaHJI,e» .

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The book by Austrian diplomat Sigmund Herberstein «Sketches on Muscovy» appears one of the fullest and most truthful 16th century stories about the Russian state.

The Habsburg dynasty was interested in strengthening contacts with Muscovy, so the Austrian diplomat was sent there twice, in 1517 and 1526, to act as an intermediary in the course of negotiations between Vasity III, Grand Prince (Tsar) of Russia and the envoys of Zygmunt I, Grand Duke of Lithuania and Poland. Except for diplomatic responsibilities, the missions resulted in «The Sketches on Muscovy» that first appeared in print in 1549. This work offered a diversified portrayal of the past and current realities of Eastern and Central Europe in the early 16th century. Herberstein had his practical views on all walks of life, including Russia's monetary policy.

Eine der detailreichsten und glaubweurdigsten Beschreibungen des Moskauer Staates des 16. Jhs. durch die Ausleander gilt das Buch des eosterreichischen Diplomaten Herm Sigismund von Herberstein "Rerum moscoviticarum commentarii ... " ("Moscoviterische Reis"). Die Habsburger, die an der Festigung der Beziehungen zu Russland interessiert waren, haben ihn zweimal1517 und 1526 als Vermittler feur die Verhandlungen der Berater des Grossfeursten Ganzrusstands Wassilij III. mit den Botschaflern des litauischen Grossfeursten und des polnischen Keonigs Sigismund I. delegiert. Neben den diplomatischen Auftreagen hatte diese Mission auch Bericht ''Rerum moscoviticarum commentarii ... " zur Folge, der 1549 tum erstenmal veroffentlich wurde. Dieses Werk bot ein allseitiges Bild von der Vergangenheit und Gegenwart der Veolker Ost- und Zentraleuropas Arfang des 16. Jhs. Sigismund von Herberstein beurteilte proktisch nach allen Seiten des Lebens, darunter auch nach der Geldwmschaft Russlands.

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rrpOWJIOM B Cesepo- BOCTO"IHOM PYCH Kpe):ll1THblX I1JII1 YCJIOBHbIX TOBapO-):IeHer.

B I1CTOPI1I1 «fie3MOHeTHOrO nepnona.

Iepfiepurrejin TaKJKe BbI):IeJI5IeT I1HTepeCHbIM M5I sanamoro esponesua <jJaKT otipauiexas B xasecrse nener cepeopansrx CJII1TKOB. OH ruuuer, 'ITO « ... OTJIl1BaJII1Cb rrpOAOJIrOBaTble cepefipsnue CJII1TKI1 fie3 1130fipa)l(eHI15I 11 H3):IrrI1CI1 CTOI1MOCTblO B OAI1H pytim,». IIOAqepKl1BaeTC5I> 'lTO BO BpeM5I npefibIBaHI1JI faficfiyprcKorO rrOCOJIbCTBa aa PyCI1, OHI1 ~e He BCTpe'laJII1Cb. )leHCTBI1TeJIbHO, HOBropO):lCKl1e CJII1TKI1-rpI1BHbI B XIII B. rrOJIY'l11JI11 Ha3BaHI1e pyfiJIeM, I1I1X JII1Tbe npexparnnocs B cepeajure XV B.

B OTHOWeHl111 nepasrx MOHeT na pYCI1 Iepfepnrreiu: mnner crenyiouree: «EABa JIll npotuno CTO JIeT C rex rrop, KaK OHM (IJ)<X:KJ1e-A,4) HaqaJIl1 ynorpefinsn, cepefip5IHYlO MOHeTY, B ocofieHHOCTI1 cofiCTBeHHOM qeKaHKI1». )lOBOJIbHO CTpaHHO, rrOqeMY, I1Me5I rr03HaHI15I ofi I1CTOPI1I1 PYCCKI1X nener fionee paHHI1X 11 rrOCJIe):lYlOml1X nepnonoa, Iepriepurres» OWI1fiaeTC5I B ):IaHHOM sonpoce. Bens rrepsas 'leKaHKa cofiCTBeHHOM MOHeTbI B MOCKOBCKOM KHIDKeCTBe uasanacs B 70-x ronax XIV B., a no nee na PyCI1 WI1POKO oopauiamcs apaticxne, a rrOTOM sanamtoeaponeacxae MOHeTbI.

113 scex MHOrO'lHCJIeHHbIX l\eHTpOB qeKaHKI1 nepnoaa <jJeO):laJIbHOH pa3):1pofiJIeHHOCTI1 Pycn Ieptiepurreax ynoanaaer JII1Wb Iamuxoe KHIDKeCTBO, me xexaaxa npexparnnacs B 1450 r. Ha MOMeHT rrpefibIBaHI15I rrOCOJIbCTBa na pYCI1, 3m MOHeTbI yxe I1cqe3JIl1, KaK yrsepxnaer Iepfiepurrean, rro npnsane OTCyrCTBI15I rrOCT05IHHOH CTOI1MOCTI1. B03MO)I(H0, 0 HI1X yrroMI1HaeTC5I B «3aITl1CKax» no TOH npimme, 'lTO B rraM5ITI1 ero pyccxoro I1H<jJopMaTopa COXpaHI1JIaCb I1CTOPI15I 'leKaHKI1 MOHeT raJIl1UK11M KH5I3eM )lMI1Tpl1eM IOpbeBl1'!eM IIIeM5IKOM, B 1447 r. 3aHI1MaBWI1M BeJII1KOKHIDKeCKI1H CTOJI B Mocxse. MOCKOBCKI1M):IeHe)I(HbIH ):IBOP, c03AaHHbIH B 1425 r., fibIn pac<jJopMl1pOBaH, 11 xexanxa MOHeT nepenana B PYKl1 OTKYrrml1KOB 113 faJIl1l\KOrO KHIDKeCTBa. MOHeTa IIIeM5IKl1 '1eKaHl1JIaCb rro secy raJIHUKOM, I1MeBweH fionee HI13KYIO no cpaBHeHl110 C MOCKOBCKOH BeCOBYIO HOPMY·

XapaKTepl1311pY5I nenexnoe ofipauieune cospexemroro eMY MOCKOBCKoro rOCY):lapCTBa, Iepfepurretin ynoxanaer e):ll1HCTBeHHbIH cyniecrayiounut HOMI1HaJI - ):IeHbry.

Hnrepecasra BblrJIMI1T ero 3aMe'laHl1e: «A):IeHbra - 3TO I1X cepefip5IHbIH rr<jJeHHl1f». Bep05ITHO, TaKl1M ofipasox Iepoepurrea» XOTeJI rtoasepxnyn, MaJIbIH aec PYCCKOM MOHeTbl. HJ1)I(e yro-msercs COOTHOWeHl1e ):IeHbfl1 H sencxoro n<jJeHHl1fa: rrOJITOpbI ):IeHbfl1 pasnu nars C rrOJIOBI1HOH rr<jJeHHl1rOB.

Iepfepurrerin cnpaaennnso oraesaer 3aBI1CI1MOCTb MOHeTHOrO ):IeJIa PyCI1 OT npasoarroro cepefipa, 13K KaK na ee Teppl1TOpl111 He cymecTBOBaJIO ero npapomrsrx aanexea, 3TO

MOCK06Clwe oeH2U if6aHa III (1462-1505), «c 6caoHuKoM».

MOCK06CKue oem if6aHa III (1462-1505), «c ~6emKOM».

Teepcxue oeH2u if6aHa III (1462-1505).

H0620pOOCKue oeH2u nep60ii nOJl06UHbl XV 6.

llCK06CKue oeH2u nep60ii nOJl06UHbl XV 6.

llCK06CKafl ~em6epmu~a nep60ii nOJl06UHbl XV 6.

llCK06CKue oeneu nep60ii nOJl06UHbl XVI 6.

HYMI3MATHK,I

nomepxaaaercs B Orrl1CaHI1H axcnopraux TOBapOB, cpem KOTOPhlX cepetipsnue CJIHTKH CTaB5ITC51 na nepsoe MeCTO.

Ieptiepurrerin oraesaer xapaxrepayn ocofemrocrs <jJOPMhI pyccioo; MOHeT, KOTOP35I ):IOJI)I(Ha fihIJIa fiPOCHTbC5I B rnasa eBponeihzy, npl1BbIKlIIeMY K MOHeTaM npaBl1JIbHOH KpymoH <jJOPMbJ: «MOCKOBCK35I (B ):IaHHOM CJIyqaePYCCK35I. - A. JJ,.) MOHeTa He KpyrJI35I, a rrpO):lOJITOBaT35I, KaK fibI OBaJIhH35I; nexoropue 113 HI1X fihIBalOT YfJiOBaTbIMl1». 31a ocotennocn, pyccico; MOHeT ofiYCJIOBJIeHa TeXHl1KOH qeKaHKl1 na npononrosatux KYCO'lKax cepefip5IHOH rrpOBOJIOKH, npenaapirren.no paClIJIIOmeHHbIX, fiJIarOAap5I 'leMY MOHeTa npxotiperana <jJopMY nenpamorsnoro OBaJIa CO CJIeAaMl1 rrpOBOJIOKl1 ua xecrax ofipy6a.

Fepfiepurreita Bbl,ll,eJI51eT sersrpe pona MOHeT:

MOCKOBCKI1e, HOBfOpOACKl1e, TBepCKI1e 11 nCKOBCKI1e - CBH):IeTeJIbCTBO rtectporst 11 HeOAHOpO):lHOCm neHe)I(HOrO ofipameHI15I nepsoa seraeprn XVI B. llM Orrl1CbIBaeTC5I BHeWHI1H BHn MOHeT BCyX sersrpex PYCCKI1X ):IeHe)I(HbIX nBOpOB.

MOCKOBCKI1e MOHeThI Orrl1CblBalOTC5I ):IByx TI1ITOS: «Y 01l:Hl1X aa OnHOH CTopOHe posa, y rr03nHel1:rnl1X - H30fip3)l(eHl1e qeJIOBeKa, CHMmero na KOHe; na npyroH CTopOHe y ofiel1X - H3):IlII1Cb».

Ilepsue MOHeThI nl1fIJIOMaT Ha3hIBaeT CTapI1HHbIMl1. 310 CBl1Il:eTeJIbCTBO roro 'ITO BO BpeM5I ero rrpefibIBaHl1JI na PyCI1, B ofipameHl1l1 euie npefihIBaJIH MOHeThI, OT'leKaHeHHhIe B KOHl(e npaBJIeHI1JI Bacl1JI11JI II - aasane rrpaBJIeHl1JI Haana III. CJIenyeT OTMeTHTh, 'ITO orracaasr OHI1

He COBceM TO'!HO: na I1X asepce H30fip3)l(aJIaCh p03eTKa C nBYMlI 3Be3nOqKaMH 11 KpyrOBOH H3):IlII1ChIO C l1MeHeM KH5I3iI, a Ha pesepce - lI5lTl1JIeneCTKOBhrM l\BeTOK 11 nerenaa «neHbra MOCKOBCK35I». Bropsre ormcamure

fepfiepWTeHHOM MOHeTbI rrOJIyql1JI11 Hal1fioJIee IIII1pOKOe pacnpocrpanenne C 80- x ronoa XV B. 11 IfMeJIl1 1f30fip3)l(eHife BC3):IHIfKa C Me'leM I1JIIf CafiJIeM B pyxax, )laJIee fepfiepWTeHH ITI1WeT: «HbIHe sexanarca HOBble (MOHeTbl), OTMe'leHHhIe fiYKBaMl1 C TOM If npyrOH CTOPOHbI». 3AeCb IfMelOTCii B BJ1Il:Y nonyunor, COC13BJI5IBIIII1e no secy 1/4 neHbflf HOBroponCKOHl1JI1f 1 h MOCKOBCKOH. ll3BeCTHblnoJIy!UKl1 C 1130fip3)l(eHl1eM fiapca aa asepce I1I1MeHeM KH5I35I Hsana - na pesepce, a 13KJKe BblnycKaBIIII1eC5I B Hosropone (1420-1478) 11 IIcKoBe (1425-1510) BO spevena caMOCT05ITeJIbHOH 'leKaHKl1 TaK Ha3blBaeMble «qeTBepTl\bl», COC13BJIJlB!UI1e, KaK If noJIy!UKl1, 1/4 HOBroponCKOM neHbflf. TaKl1M ofipasoa, CJIOBa Ieptepurreana MOfJll1 fibl C~Tb CBH,I\eTeJIbCTBOM ofipameHM51 3TI1X cavux MeJIKI1X HOMl1HaJIOB neHe)I(HOH CMCTeMbl XV B., eCJII1 fibI 3TOMY He nporasopesnao I1X OTHeCeHMe K «HOBbIM».

TBepCKI1e MOHeTbI onncusaiorca ynpourenao: «C ofiel1X CTOPOH MMelOT H3):IrrI1Cb». Ha cax OM nene OHM IfMeJIIf aa OnHOH CTopOHe JIlffarypy fiYKB T 11 <l> (T<jJepb) 11 1130fip3)l(eHife BC3):IHl1Ka - Ha npyroH.

H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <j:> a n e p H C T H K a 331

IHYMJ3MATHKA

PYCI1 K C06CTBeHHOH MOHeTHOH '1eKaHKe B

1420 r., HOBrOpOn;CKI1H py6J1b COCTaBJUlJI 170,1 r. I1MeHHo 3TOT sec B XVI B. Mor COXpaHI1TbClI B Tpan;I1l.l1111 non nOH51Tl1eM «PIflKCKI1H pytim,», Ieptepurreii» BepHO YKa3bIBaeT aa COOTHOWeHl1e MOCKOBCKoro (pyccxoro) py6JUl, aecnmuero OKOJlO 80 r, 11 pnxcxoro KaK 1 :2.

KaCaTeJlbHO OpraHl13aJ..I1111 MOHeTHoro np0I13BOn;CTBa Iepfiepnrrefin runner CJlelJYlOIUee: «nO'lTl1 see MOCKOBCKI1e 30JlOTbIX nen MaCTepa '1eKaH51T MOHeTY, 11 eCJlI1 KTO npl1HOCI1T '1I1CTble cepefipanue CJlI1TKI1 11 XO'leT nOJl)"lI1Tb MOHery, TO OHI1 B3BeWI1BaJOT .n:eHbfl1 11 cepe6po 11 BblTIJla'lI1BaJOT nOTOM TeM xe BeCOM; YCJlOBJleHHalI TIJlaTa, KOTOPYJO aano n;aTb csepx pasaoro seca 30JlOTblX nen MacTepy, HeBeJlI1Ka; OHI1 11 B OCTaJIbHOM neiueso npoaator CBOM rpyn». Ilpu 3TOM 113BeCTHO, 'ITO B MOCKOBCKOM rocyaapcrse MOHeTa '1eKaHl1JIaCb I1CKJlJO'II1TeJIbHO aa rocyaapcreetnrux n;eHe)f(HbIX nsopax. H 0 HeJlb3lI yreepxaars, 'ITO aBCTpl1HCKI1H n;l1nJlOMaT 3a6J1Y)f(,l(aeTClI. Ha caMOM n;eJle B «3anJ.!cKax» OTIl1CbIBaeTClI CYIUeCTBOBaBWal! B MOCKOBCKOM rocynapcrse CI1CTeMa nenexnoro orxyna, xorna sa onpeaenemryio ron;OBYJO nnary OTKYnll.ll1K nonyran npaso npl1HI1MaTb saxasu Ha 113rOTOBJleHI1e MOHeTbl 113 cepe6pa 3aKa3'1I1Ka.

B «3anI1CKax» I1MeJOTClI ynoMI1HaHH5I 0 CYIUeCTBOBaHIrn B 06paIUeHI111 MOCKOBCKOro rocyaapcrsa q,aJIbWI1BbIX nener; YKa3b1BaeTClI, 'ITO n;eHbry nonnenusaior; HeCMOTplI na BblCOKYJO rtpooy cepe6pa. Onnaro mmnoaar He CJlbIWaJI, '1T06bl sa 3TO npeCTYTIJleHl1e HaKa3blBaJIl1. BMeCTe C TeM, Iepcepurrenn FlI1WeT TOJlbKO 0 q,aJIbWI1BOMOHeTHI1'1eCTBe, He ynoauuas npaKTI1KY 06pe3aHI15I MOHeT. Ho ~e B 30-x ronax XVI B. pa3pa311J1ClI n;eHe)f(HbIH KpI13I1C, BbI3BaHHbIM 3TI1MI1 lIBJleHJ.IllMM. I1J111 xe aBcrpl1HCKI1M n;l1nJlOMaT He 3HaJI 06 06pe3aHI111 MOHerbl, 11J111 xe OHO rrpnofipeno Wl1pOKl1e MacwTa6bl ~e nocne ero npe6blBaHH5I na PyCI1, 'ITO MeHe BepOlITHO.

TaKl1M 06pa30M, Cl1f113MYH.n: Iepoepurrean B (<3anI1CKaX 0 MOCKOBI1I1» naer KpaTKYJO I1CTOPI1JO nenexnoro 06paIUeHI15I pYCI1 XII - cepen;I1HbI XVI B. Ero paCCKaJ OrpaHI1'1I1BaeTClI JlI1111b OTn;eJlbHbIMI1 3nI130n;aMJ.!, xoropue, O'leBI1IlHO, Ka3aJII1Cb eMy aanfionee I1HTepeCHbIMI1.

B Onl1CaH1111 n;eHe)f(HOH CI1CTeMbl 11 nenexnoro C'IeTa MOCKOBCKoro rocynapcrsa nepaona, cospeaennoro npe6blBaHI1JO nOCOJlbCTBa Ieptiepurreiiaa B crpaae, I1MeeTClI pan HeTO'fHOCTeM 11 aHaXpOHI13MOB. Ho «3anl1cKI1 0 MOCKOBI1I1» I1HTepeCHbl B nepBYJO osepeas TeM, 'ITO 3TOT TpYlllIBJLlIeTClI I1CTO'lH11KOM, I1JIJIJOCTPI1PYJOIUI1M 3HaHH5II1 BOCnpH51Tl1e 3anan;HOH Eaponoii caM06blTHOH PYCCKOH n;eHe)f(HOM CI1CTeMbl.

B Onl1CaH1111 HOBropon;CKI1X 11 nCKOBCKI1X MOHeT y Ieptiepurreana lIBHblH aHaXpOHI13M. nOCOJl Onl1CbIBaeT n;eHbrl1 Hosropona BeJlI1KOrO 11 nCKOBa He coapevennue nepnony ero npe6bIBaHH5I ua pYCI1, a MOHeTbI nepnona caMOCTOllTeJlbHOCTI1: «Hosroponcxas (nensra) na on;HOH CTopOHe I1MeeT 11306p~eHl1e rocynaps, CI11lllIUerO aa TpOHe, a HanpOTI1B Hero - CKJlOHI1BWerOClI '1eJlOBeKa; C n;pyroH CTOPOHbl - nannacs», «nCKOBCKall C OIlHOH CTOPOHbI I1MeeT 6bl'lbJO roJlOBY B aenue [11 anecs OWI16Ka: ua caMOM lleJle sa Onl1CbIBaeMOH MOHeTe 11306p~aJIaCb rOJlOBa KH1I35! B xopoue C JleHTaMI1 y JII1l.1a. - A. ,.a.J, a C n;pyroM - Han;TIJ1Cb». Conpeuennue xe Ieptiepurregtry nonroponcxne MOHeTbl I1MeJlI1 11306p~eHl1e BCan;HI1Ka C xonse«, a nCKOBCKl1e - BCan;HI1Ka C Ca6J1eH. He I1CKJlJO'IeHO, 'ITO nocon He BI1n;eJl JlWfHO HOBropOn;CKI1X 11 nCKOBCKI1X MOHeT, a onucan I1X CO CJlOB CBOI1X c06eCe1(HI1KOB - I1JIJ.I I1HOCTpaHl.IeB, n06bIBaBWl1X na pYCI1 panuue ero, I1nl1 pyCCKI1X, Onl1CaBWI1X eMY crapsie MOHeTbl.

nOBeCTBYll 0 nCKOBCKI1X MOHeTax, Iepfiepurresia ynosomaer raxxe 0 Men;HOH MOHeTe nyn. 3T11 MOHeTbI '1eKaHI1J1Y1Cb, KpOMe nCKOBa, rakxe B MOCKBe, Hosropoae 11 Tsepn. I1x 06paIUeHI1e He pacnpOCTpaH5IJIOCb nanexo OT uenrpa '1eKaHKI1. Iepfepurretin yxaasreaer; 'ITO 60 nyJl paBH51JlI1Cb no CTOI1MOCTI1 MOCKOBCKOH nexsre. TaKl1M 06pa30M, B «3anI1CKax» l1n;eT pest, He 0 nCKOBCKI1X, a 0 MOCKOBCKI1X Me.l\HbIX MOHeTax 06J1er'leHHOrO seca 11 MaJIOro Ill1aMeTpa, '1eKaHKa KOTOPblX nasanacs B KOHl.Ie XV B. B O'leHb 60Jlbllll1X MaCWTa6ax, a 06paIUeHI1e npO.l\OJ])f(aJIOCb 110 KOHl.Ia XVI B., xorna I1X 'feKaHKa ~e npexparunacs.

B rpyne rep6epwTetiHa raxxe l1MeeTClI OlTllCaHJ.Ie CI1CTeMbI lleHe)f(HOrO csera MOCKOBCKOro rocynapcrsa nepson rperu XVI B.

COBepweHHO TO'lHO Iepfiepurreiin ornenaer MOCKOBCKYJO 11 HOBropO.l\CKYJO CI1CTeMbI C'IeTa.

B MOCKBe « ... aJITbIH - weCTb lleHer, rpl1BHa - IlBan;l.IaTb, nOJlTI1Ha - CTO, py6J1b - .l\BeCTI1». Taxxe BepHO YKa3b1BaeTClI, 'ITO rsepcxas nem.ra 6blJla pasaa MOCKOBCKOH, a HOBrOpO.l\CKal! Ol.leHI1BaJIaCb B .l\Be MOCKOBCKI1X. Ho npn Olll1CaH1111 HOBrOpOIlCK_OrO nenexnoro C'IeTa, Kali:: 11 npa Onl1CaH11.11 HOBropOIlCKI1X MOHeT, Ieptiepurreria uonsayerca ycrapesuuraa )],aHHbIMI1. KaK 113BeCTHO, B nepson nOJlOBI1.He XVI B. B Hosropone rpasna COCTaBJl5!JIa 10,

a py6J1b - 100 neuer; COrJlaCHO)f(e 3alll1CI1, aosroponcxaa rpasaa CTOI1T 14, a py6J1b - 222 lleHbfl1. 113BecTHo, 'ITO )],0 xonua XV B. COXpaH5IJIOCb paseacrao rpllBHbl 14, a py6JUl 216 lleHbraM. B 1477-1478 rr., HaKaHYHe 11 B MOMeHT JlOMKII caM06blTHOH uoaroponcxoti lleHe)f(HOH CI1CTeMbl, B Hosropone nasanacs '1eKaHKa MOHeTbl nOHJ1.)f(eHHOrO aeca, B CB1I311 C 3Tl1M py6JIb CTaJI pasea 222 lleHbraM. TaKIIM 06pa30M, Iepbepurreax ynoannaer crapan HOBropollCKI1H )],eHe)f(HbIM C'IeT.

I 34 H y M i 3 MaT H K a i <!> a n e p H C T H K a

TIJepCKOU MeoHblu nyfl.

MOCKOIJCKUU MeoHblu nyfl.

Iepoepurrean He 06XOilIIT BHl1MaHHeM oopauieune na pYCI1 sanamoesponescxax 30JlOTbiX MOHeT. OTMe'laeTClI, 'ITO CTO MOCKOBCKI1X nener COCTaBJUlJlJ.! OIlIlH BeHrepCKI1H 30JlOTOH (MOHeTa BeCOM OKOJlO 3,5 f). Ho CTOIIMOCTb 30JlOTbIX MOHeT ua pYCI1 Moma KOJle6aTbClI no OTHoweHIlJO K cepe6py. XOTlI Iepfiepurretin CYIlI1T 06 3TOM )],OBOJlbHO cy6beKTl1BHo. Ero BblBOIl OCHOBblBaeTClI na 113BeCTHOH Ill1TIJ10Mary npaKTI1Ke TOprOBJlI1 PYCCKI1X C I1.HocrpaHl.IaMI1: 3aHJ1.)f(eHJ.Ie CTOI1MOCTII 30nOTblX MOHeT npa npneae I1X B nnarex 11. 3aBbIWeHI1.e npn nponaxe, )),aJIee raxxe YKa3bIBaeTClI, 'ITO pYCCKl1e CaMI1 He '1eKaHlIT 30JlOTbIX MOHeT, « ... a nOJlb3YJOTClI 06blKHOBeHHO BeHrepCKl1MI1, nnoraa raxxe peHHCKI1.MI1». B ueno«, nOBeCTBYll 0 pacxerax 30JlOTbIMI1 MOHeTaMI1 C pyCCKI1Ml1, Iepoepurreriu ynOMI1HaeT, KaK npaBI1J10, aBCTpl1.MCKI1e ryJlb)],eHbI, BeHrepCKI1e )l,YKaTbI, pexe HeMeuKYJO 30JlOTYJO MOHery II I1CnaHCKI1e )],y6J10Hbl.

Hnrepecea onacannua 3nl1.301l B03BpaIUeHYl5l K Bacl1J1I1JO III nOCOJlbCTBa OT KOPOJlll Kapna V 11 spurepuora aBCTpl1.MCKOrO <DepIlI1.HaHn:a. Cpe)],11. nposnx napes nOCJIbl nplIBe3J111 I1CnaHCKI1e 11 HeMel.lKl1e 30JlOTble MOHeTbl. Ilaps xe «oT06paJI y Hl1X 60JIblllYJO '1aCTb IIcnaHCKI1X 30JlOTbIX». TeM, 'ITO naps 3al1.HTepeCOBaJIClI I1MeHHO IICnaHCKI1M 30JlOTOM, nosrsepxaaerca q,aKT OTHOCl1TeJlbHOM pe,lI;KOCTI1 na Pycl1. IICnaHCKI1X )]'y6J10HOB B cpaaaemm C peiiHCKI1MI1. rYJlb,lI;eHaMI1.

Ilpu Onl1CaH11.11 neuexnoro C'IeTa MOCKOBIIII Iepoepnrreau [lIIII1eT, 'ITO pyccxne

« ... nOJlb3YJOTClI 11 coce)],HI1.MM PJ1.)f(CKI1MI1 py6J15lMl1, Ka)f(,l(bIH 113 KOTOPbIX CTOI1T naa MOCKOBCKI1X». QTO)f(e noapasyaeaaerca non nOH51Tl1eM «PJ1.)f(CKI1H py6J1b»? Ilpn roprosux cnenxax B PYCCKO-raH3eHCKOH roproane CO speaeu TaK naasmaeaoro «6e3MOHeTHOrO nepnoaa. B OCHOBY ,lI;eHe)f(HO-BeCOBbIX paC'IeTOB 6blJl nonoxen HOBropO)],CKI1H sec, Ilpn 3TOM YCTaHaBJIl1BaJIl1.Cb '1eTKI1e COOTHoweHlIlI npn nepecxerax PYCCKIIX neuer aa TaK Ha3bIBaeMble «pJ1.)f(CKI1e» 11 Ha060pOT. Ha MOMeHT nepexona

HYMI3MATHKAI

«EE3MOHETHbIll IIEPMO,U» M«MEXOBhlE»,UEHhfM

8 H0820pOaCKOU u PyCCKOU aelle:JIC1l0-8eC06bIX cucmeuax XII-XIV 86 .

• BHKrop CeMeHOB (c .. nerep6ypr)

In 12th-14th cc. written sources the notion of silver replaces that of money, there is no mention of any other actual monetary units or treasures containing ingots, and so the period of the 12th and the first half of the 14th cc. became known in domestic numismatic literature as the «nonmonetary» one. It is further believed that during that period minting was reduced in Western Europe, as well as the termination of monetary silver supply, owing to the recession in trade and economic relations. In that period grivna supposedly served as the monetary unit in Russia while the other parts thereof were the accounting units, and pelts were used in lieu of money. These conclusions are supported by a quote from the 1412-1413 notes by Gilbert De Lanoi (1386-1462), to the effect that payments were made by way of capita martarorum and by using bars of silver, although there appears no emphasis on the main part of the quote, relating to «large payments»

In den schriftlichen Quellen von 12. - 14. fh. hat der Termin «Silber» den Begriff Geld ersettt. Da die Ervveahnung euber die real existierenden Geldeinheiten sowie euber irgendwelche Meunten in den Scheatzen mit Barren ausblieb, wurde die Periode von 12. bis tum Anfang des 14. fhs. in der einheimischen numismatischen Literatur als «meunzlose Zeit» bezeichnet. Es gilt, dass diese Periode wegen des Reuckganges der Handels- und Wutschaftsberiehungen der Keurzung der Meunzpreagung in Westeuropa sowie der Einstellung des Einganges des Meuntsilbers entspricht. Die Funktion der Gelder soli Hryvnja in dieser Periode eubernommen haben, weahrend ihre restlichen Teile die Funktion der rechnerischen Einheiten etfeullten und als Zahlungsmittel Fell auftrat. Diese Schlussfolgerungen werden euberzeugend durch ein Zitat aus den Notizen 1412-1413 von Hilbert de Lannua (1386-1462) bestearkt, dass die Zahlungen mit capita martarorum und mit Silberbarren geteatigt wurden, indem man vergass, die Haupdetaills des Zitates tu aktentuieren - «Grosstahlungen».

BnHCbMeHHbIX HCTO'fHHKaX XII-XIV BB. TepMJ1H «cepeopo», 3aMeHHBllIKii nousrne nexer; orcyrcrmre ynoMHHaHHll 0 peansao CYll\eCTBYIOIl.(HX ):(eHelKHblX e):(I1Hl1uaX, 11 orcyrcrsae B xnanax co CJII1TKaMH KaKHX-JIH60 MOHeT, nepnon XII - nepaoti nOJIOBHHbl XIV BB.

B OTe4eCTBeHHOll H)'MH3MaT]{l[eCKOll nnreparype nOJIY'lHJI Ha3BaHl1e «6e3MOHeTHoro nepnona». Cl[]{TaeTCH, 4TO 3TOMY nepaoay COOTBeTcTByeT cospauieuae 4eKaHKH MOHeT B 3ana):(Holl Espone H npexpautenue nOCTynJIeHH5l MOHeTHoro cepe6pa, B CBH3H co cnaaox ToprOBO- 3KOHOMJ1l[eCKI1X OTHOllleHIDI. <DyHKUl1lO nener

B 3TOT nepnon HK06bl BbInOJIH5lJIa rpaaaa, B TO BpeMH KaK OCTaTIbHble ee 4aCTI1 BbInOJIH5lJI11 !PYHKl(HIO C4eTHblX eIl,HHHU, a B Ka4eCTBe nener BblCTynaTIH MeXOBble IIIKYPKH. 3TH BblBOll,bl Mil y6e):(HTeJlbHOCTH nonxpennaorca UHTaTOll H3 3anHCOK 1412-1413 rr. [HJlb6epTa):(eJIaHlzya (1386-1462), 4TO nnarexn OCYll\eCTBnHJlI1Cb capita martarorum 11 cepe6pHHblMH CJlHTKaMl1, 3a6blBaH npn 3TOM axnearapoears BHHMaHHe na rnaBHoll ):(eTaTIH uararu - «KpynHble nJlaTe)J(J1».

B XII-XIV BB. B PYCCKOH 11 Hosroponcxon sexne, KaK 11 B rocynapcrsax Cpe):(HeH 11 3ana):(HoH Esponu, npOI1CXO):(I1T 3KOHOMI14eCKHH nO):(beM, CBH3aHHbIll C yseJlH4eHHeM JlOKaTIbHOll H MelKAYHapo):(Holl TOprOBJlH. OCHOBHblM BI1Il,OM rosapa, I1CnOJlb3yeMblM B MelKAYHapo):(HOH roproane, HBJl5lJIaCb nyuuuura. HMeHHO B MelKAYHapo):(HOll ropronne MH xpynnstx nnarexea sa nYlllHI1HY I1CnOJlb30BaTII1Cb cepeopsnue ):(eHelKHble CJlHTKH, HO TaK KaK roprosue

OTHOIIIeHI1H OCYll.(eCTBJIHJlHCb rryrea B3al1M03a4eTa nOCTaBKH TOBapOB, TO B roprosux 3anHC5lX Kyne4eCKHX ):(BOPOB napsny C ):(eHelKHbIMI1 CJII1TKaMI1 rrpacyrcrsyer nOHHTl1e capita rnartarorum. B TOBapHo-):(eHelKHbIX OTHOllleHH5lX capita martarorum HCnOJlb30BaTII1Cb He B Ka4eCTBe nJlaTe)J(HOrO cpeacrsa, a rryununn«, KOJlWleCTBeHHblll cser lllKYPOK KOTOPOll BeJlCH He na IIITyKH, a no rOJlOBaM. HaCbTmeHHOCTb siryrpennero psnrxa MOHeTHbIM cepe6pOM 06eCnel[]{BaTIO ):(eHelKHhIll 060POT B KOJIHqeCTBe ):(OCTaTOqHOM Mil nOMep)J(aHI1H TOBapHO):(eHelKHhIX OTHOIIIeHHll. ECJlH 6bI na BHyrpeHHeM psntxe HMeJlCH ):(e!pHUHT MOHeTHoro cepe6pa, TO HI1 O):(HH 6bJ senoeex HaXO):(Hll.(l1llCH B 3):(paBOM YMe He CTaTI 6bI neperuaanars MOHeTHOe cepe6po B nepaaaeinrue CJlHTKH.

OIl,HaKO 6blJ1H JlH XII-XIV BB. B HCTOPHH «6e3MOHeTHbIM nepnonoa»? B Ha4aTIe XII B. rrpHTOK sarronnoeaponeacxax nenapnea CMeHI1JlI1 nerxoaecaue nonyopaxrearsr 11 fipaxrearst, 11 T5l)J(eJlble ):(eHapl1H - rpoiun (nar, grossus, denarius grossus), xoropue I1CnOJlb30BaJll1Ch B ):(eHelKHOM 060poTe na repparopaa pyccxax KH5l)J(eCTB H HOBrOp0Il,CKOll3eMJIH. TaK B xnane XII B., 06Hap~eHHOM B 1903 r. y aepean» Crp3)J(eBI14H BHTe6cKoll 06Jl., conepxamea ):(l1pxeMbI H ):(eHapl1l1 npl1cyrcTBOBa.TII1 Il,Ba cepefipanux CJlI1TKa 11 06py60K 30JIOTOrO CJlHTKa. MCTHCJlaB )],aBH):(OBHq, KH5l3h HOBropO):(CKHll, B 1212 r. XO):(HJI C BOHCKOM aa 3ana):(HbJll 6eper qy):(CKOro osepa C0611paTb ):(aHb, OCalK)l,aTI xpenocrs Me):(Be)J(b1O [OJlOBY, HJlH Onenne, H B3HJl C xarenen 400

Ilosmuna. HOB20pOd, xoueu XIV - nauuo XV B.

H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <jl a n e p H C T H K a 3S I

FpUlJHa. Kuee, XI - nauuo XIII IJ. (YMeHbUJeHa)

FpUIJHa.

Sosoma« opaa, XIVIJ.

.-

, .• ..... ...... ,,._.,_ ....... "" f • ." ~~_

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", ~ l... >~ t" , ", '.. . ,

-. ... .._.. .. ~ --~

. .

rpnsen HOraTaMJ1. 3aTeM ocaxnan Bop06bHH, HJIH Bepnens, B3M C rpaxaan 700 rpasen uoraraxa,

B norosope 1229 r. CMOJIeHCKa C PHroH, fOTCKHM 6eperoM H HeMeUKlIMH roponavn YKa3brBaJIOCb, 'ITO sa lKH3Hb BOJIbHOrO qe!IOBeKa «rrJIaTHTb necsrs rpnnea cepe6pa rreHJI311MH H!IH KYHaMH, C'lHTaJI OHblX (KYH) 4 rpl1BHbI na OJIHY rpl1BHY cepefipas"

B PMe KJIa,u:OB XIV B. P1I3aHcKoro KHlIJKeCTBa BMeCTe C MOHeTaMH 30!IOTOH OPJlbI (,l()IC)"ill,lICKHMlI.) npncyrcrayior HOBropOJlCKHe C!IHTKlI. B !IeTOrrHCHblX HCTOqHHKaX 3aCBMeTe!IbCTBOBaHO, 'ITO B 1337 r. !IHTOBCKlIH KHJI3b Omrepn YCTaHaB!Il1BaeT urrparp B rrp<l)J(CKHX rpouiax aa CM B 10 Py6!IeH. IIpH 3TOM npaxcxae rpourn BbmO!IHJlJOT CPYHKUHIO neaer, a py6!IH - CqeTHbIX eJlHHI1U.

B XII B. C pacnanox PYCCKOH 3eMlIH na OTJle!IbHbIe YJle!IbHble KHlIJKeCTBa KHeBCKall JleHelKHO-BeCOBall CHCTeMa pa3J1eJIHJIaCb ua !IOKaJIbHbIe nenexasie CHCTeMbI. Klro-aanamsre H ceBepO-BOCTO'IHble YJleJIbHhle KHlIJKeCTBa CoxpaHH!IH npamnm nenexnoro csera KlIeBCKOH JleHelKHO- BeCOBOH CI1CTeMbl, B TO BpeMll KaK, cesepo-aanannsre YJleJIbHbIe KHlIJKeCTBa, rpaamaurae C HOBrOpOJlCKHMH 3eMJU!Ml1, nepemnn na npmnmn JleHelKHOro csera rro HOBroPOJlCKOH JleHelKHO-BeCOBOH CHCTeMe. TI03TOMY He cnyqatiHo B CMO!IeHCKOM norosope

* PyCCKo-.JhtTOBcKHe axru. CTI6, 1868, c. 420-433.

1229 r. * OrOBapl1BaeTClI CCbIJIKa aa BeCOByJO HOPMY CMOJIeHCKOH KYHbl H aorarn, OqeBM.Il:HO, OTJIl1qaJOrnyJOC5I OT MOCKOBCKOH BeCOBOH HOPMbI.

Bo BTOPOH qeTBepTI1 XI B. B HOBroPO)lCKOH 3eMJIe B JleHelKHOM csere YCTaHaBJIHBaeTC5I 60-TH JleHelKHblH CqeTHblH Py6!Ib, KOTOPbIH B HOBrOpOJlCKOH 3eMlIe, a B PYCCKHX KHlIJKeCTBax non Ha3BaHHeM rpusnu KYH, 6YJleT I1CrrO!Ib30BaTbClI JlO BTOPOH rrO!IOBHHbI XIV B.

B MeTpOJIOfH'leCKOH CHCTeMe, KaK OTMeqeHHO rrHCbMeHHblMH HCTOpHqeCKlIMH JlOK}'MeHTaMH, rr05IBJllIIOTClI HOBbIe JleHelKHbIe TepMHHbl. OJlHaKO HOBbIe TepMl1HbI He MeHllJlH CyruHOCTb 11 npmnmn nenexiroro csera l1J1eHelKHO-BeCOBblX CI1CTeM, rr03TOMY rHIIOTe3a, BblJlBHHyraJI B. 11. 5!HHHhIM, 06 OTp<l)J(eHHH B peJlaKUHH «PYCCKOH TIpaBJlbI» Pa3BHTI1lI nenexaoro csera: rpasaa = 20 norarau = 25 KYHaM = 50 pesanax, teopermecsn 6bI!Ia sepaa, OJlHaKO B OCHOBe JleHelKHO-BeCOBOH CHCTeMbI XII-XIV BB. !IelKHT He I1CrrO!Ib30BaHHe rryIIIHHHbI B xasecrse II!IaTelKHOro CpeJlCTBa, a HCrrO!Ib30BaHHe CqeTHbIX II ceperipansrx JleHelKHOBeCOBblX eJlHHHU. 06rna51 TepMI1HOJIOfHlI cepeopansrx JleHelKHblX eJlIlHMU C MeXOBbIMJ1 IllKYPKaMH, He cnyqaHHocTb, a 3aKOHOMepHOCTb,

T. K. B TOBapHO-JleHelKHblX OTHOIlleHl1lIX BeCOBaJI nopva cepe6pa 5IBIIlIJJaCb 3KBHBaJIeHTHbIM BbIp<l)J(eHHeM CTOHMOCTH MexoBoH nrxypxa, JIB!U[JOlUeHC5I OJlllliM H3 OCHOBHbIX BMOB rosapa.

Panee yxe OTMeqaJIOCb, 'ITO rrpl1113yqeHHlI

JleHelKHOH MeTpO!IOfHH Heo6xoJlHMO yqllTbIBaTb He TO!IbKO BpeMeHHyJO, HO 11 reppnropaannryio npnnamexnocrs rrHCbMeHHhIX IlCTOpH'leCKHX JlOK}'MeHTOB, COJlepJKarnHX CBeJleHl1ll 0 JleHelKHOBeCOBOH CI1CTeMe. OJlllH II TOT JKe JleHelKHbIH TepMHH B pa3!IH'1HbIX CqeTHbIX cxcrexax HMe!I panrae MeTpO!IOrH'leCKlIe nOHllTI1lI 11 BeCOBbIe HOPMbI, !IH60 OJIHO H TO JKe nnarexnoe nOHlITHe HMe!IO pasnue TepMHHbJ. TaK TepMI1H «rpHBHa» B HOBrOpOJlCKOH CI1CTeMe COOTBeTCTBOBaJI nOHllTHIO BeCOBOH (cpYHT) H CqeTHOH rpHBHbI, a B MOCKOBCKOH CHCTeMe - rrOHlITHIO 1/10 'IaCTH Py6!IlI. HOBroPOJlCKHH JleHelKHbIH TepMHH «Py6!Ib» B PYCCKOH CHCTeMe XII-XIV BB. sucrynan ananorou TepMI1Ha «rpasaa K}'H», a B 3aIla,u:HOPYCCKOH- «KOIla». B IlHCbMeHHbIX HCTO'lHHKaX rpasna K}'H, KaK C'IeTHalll1J1eHelKHOBeCOBalI e)lIlHHua, corrOCTaB!IlIeTClI C rpHBHOH cepe6pa, B CMO!IeHCKOM JlOrOBOpe 1229 r. YKa3aHO, 'ITO cnenyer C'IlITaTb aa rpl1BHY cepe6pa rro

4 rpHBHbI KYHaMH. Becosaa rpasna B PYCCKOH CI1CTeMe I1Me!Ia HOPMY 327,456 r, a ee 4-51 '1aCTb - rpasaa KYH HMe!Ia BeCOByJO HOPMY 81,864 r, COOTBeTCTByJOrnyJO BeCOBOH nopae C'IeTHOrO Py6Jll1. B XII - rtepsoii rrO!IOBHHe XIV B. 60-TH JleHelKHbIH HOBfOPOJlCKlIH Py6!Ib H 60- m JleHelKHa51 aananuopyccxas xona rro MeTpOJIOfHl1 COOTBeTCTBOBa!IH 60-TH )leHelKHOH BOCTO'lHOPYCCKOH rpnane KYH. Coomouieaae 20 norar K 25 KYHaM YKa3bIBaeT na HX 3KBMBaJIeHTHOe paBeHCTBO C'IeTHO-JleHelKHbIM H BeCOBbIM eJlHHHuaM IX-XI BB.: mensra BeCOM 20,466 r

H seeepausr BeCOM 16,372 r.

Orcyrcrsae B peJlaKUHH «PYCCKOH TIpaBJlbI') BeCOBbIX HOPM JleHelKHbIX eJlI1HHU - aorarsi 11 KYHbI MOlKHO BOCCTaHOBHTb sa C'IeT COIlOCTaB!IeHl1ll HX co C'IeTHO- JleHelKHbIMH eJlHHHUaMH H BeCOBbIMI1 HopMaMIl, YKa3aHHbIMH B IlHCbMeHHblX acrosnaxax 3arra,u:H0pYCCKHX KHlIJKeCTB II HOBrOpOJlCKOH 3eM!IH. TaK B 60roc~e6HoH KHHfe (MHHee) 1494 r. HMeeTClI npurracxa, caenannas aa <<I1aMllTb, KaK TOprOBaJIl1 nocene HOBroPOJlUH,), B KOTOPOH rOBOpI1TC5I: «IIlITb JI06UOB - '1eTBepeTUa, a JleC5ITb !I06UOB - JIBe '1eTBepeTUI1, 11 naro MpOTKa. A norara nonrapu MPOTKH, TpH sersepema. A JIBe BbICIllIl- JI6eUb,

a !I6eUOB IIlITb sa xeraeperuy Hosas rpnaaa -

3 rpHBHhI. A KYHa JIBe neura, a norara 7 JleHer.

A rpnsna cepe6pa py6!Ib». 3rrllrpacpHKa TeKCTa YKa3bIBaeT, 'ITO IlpHIlHCKa JlOIlHCaHa B 60roc!I~e6HYJO KHHry !IJ0611Te!IeM HYMI13MamKll XVIII-XIX BB., IIbITaJOrnI1MC5I BOCCTaHOBHTb HOBroPOJlCKyJO JleHelKHO-BeCOByJO CIlCTeMY C IlCrrOJIb30BaHl1eM B TeKCTe TepMHHOB MOCKOBCKHX CqeTHO-JleHelKHblX eJlHHHU, na OCHOBe yrpaaemnrx B nacromnee BpeMlI I1CTOpH'leCKHX JlOK}'MeHTOB. TIepBaJI rrO!IOBI1Ha C006rneHI1lI OTHOCI1TClI K CqeTHOH l1J1eHelKHO-BeCOBOH CIlCTeMe XII - nepsof rrOJIOBHHbJ XIV B., BTOpa51 nOJIOBI1Ha TeKCTa - K KOHUY XV B. TaK B nepaon qaCTH TeKCTa HCIlO!Ib3yeTclI MOCKOBCKaJI cseraaa eJIHHHUa - qerneperua, a BO BroPOH '1acm reKcra - MOCKOBCKyJO 240-JleHelKHyJO CqeTHYJO rpl1BHY OH

I 36 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <P a n e p H C T H K a

HYMI3MATHKAI

npapasnuaaer K HOBrOpOIlCKOMY 112-lleHe)!(}[OMY C'leTHOMY pyfimo, B TO BpeM51 KaK B MOCKOBCKOH CI1CTeMe TepMI1H rpasna I1cnOJlb30BaJICli ilJIli Ofi03Ha'leH1111 ClJeTHO-lleHe)!(}[OH elll1Hl1l1bl paBHOH 1/10 pyfiJlll. I1PI1 110MOIlll1 sneveurapnux MaTeMaTl1lJeCKI1X paClJeTOB BOCTaHOBI1M secosue HOPMbl3TI1X nenexnstx elll1Hl1l1 (CM. rafin. 111 2). 113 COOfiIlleHI1lI HOBroPOIlCKOH JleTOl1l1CI1 113BeCTHO, 'lTO nonroponnu «HalJaWa TOprOBaUlI1 I1pOMe)((]1 cefie JlOfill1111 rpoiun JJI1TOBCKI1MI1 11 apryrn HeMellKl1MW), rrpu 3TOM 110lfbCKOJlI1TOBCKI1e nenexasre elll1Hl1l1bl - JlOfi1ll1, rpowl1 11 apryrn I1MeJlI1 ClJeTHO BeCOBYJO HOPMY HOBrOpOIlCKOH lleHfI1 - 1,364 r, lJeKaHeHHOH 113 60-TI1 nenexnoro cserxoro pytina, 11J111 1,023 rI1pl1 lJeKaHKe MOHeT 113 80-TIl neaexnoro ClJeTHOrO pytina. CJleIlOBaTeJlbHO, 5 nofiuoa - sereeperua,

10 notiuos - nse lJeTBepeTUI1, I1JJI1 OIlHa MpOTKa, a norara nonrapa MPOTKI1, I1JJI1 rpa sersepenur.

B ClJeTHOH 11 lleHeJICHO-BeCoBoH CI1CTeMe X-XI BB. 240-lleHe)!(}[all secosaa rpasna BeCOM 409,32 r BblrJllllleJla B Bl1ile:

rpnsaa = 20 noraraa (20,466 r) = 25 KYH, I1Jf11 MPOTOK (16,3728 r);

HO B ClJeTHOH 11 lleHe)!(}[O-BeCOBOH CI1CTeMe XII-XIV BB. 240-lleHe)!(}[alI cseraaa rpasna yxe secena 327,456 r 11 fiblJla:

rpasna = 16 norar (20,466 r) = 20 KYH, 11J111 MPOTOK (16,3728 r);

I1pl1 3TOM 60-TI1 lleHeJKHblH HOBrOpOIlCKI1H py6J1b 11 MOCKOBCKall rpusna KYH BblrJIMeJlI1 fibl B sune:

pyfiJlb (81,864 r) = 4 noraru (20,466 r) =

6 MPOTOK, I1JJ11 KYH (13,664 r) = 12 seraepernu (6,822 r) = 60 nener (1,364 r);

rpasna KYH (81,864 r) = 5 KYH, 11J111 MPOTOK (16,372 r) = 20 seraeperau (4,093 r) = 60 neuer (1,364 r):

rile Hel13BeCTHalI nosroponcsaa ClJeTHOnenexna» elll1Hl1l1a BeCOM 6,822 r saxenetra MOCKOBCKI1M ClJeTHO-lleHe)!(}[bIM TepMI1HOM 'leTBepeTlIa, <jJaKTl1'leCKI1 COOTBeTCTBYlQIlII1M _ 'laCTI1 KYHbl C BeCOBOH HOPMOH 4,093 r, npl13TOM «a nee BbICWI1 - Jlfieu, a JlfieUOB IllITb aa sereeperuy», TO ecrs uosropoacsaa serseperna fiOJlbWe MOCKOBCKOH aa 2 notiua, 11 COCTOBJllleT

5 nfierroa. Ilonysaercs, 'lTO 60-TIl lleHe)!(}[bn1 ClJeTHbrH HOBropollcKIDI pyfiJlb, aananropyccxas xona, 11J111 MOCKOBCKall rpnana KYH lleJlI1TClI aa 4 noraru, 11015 (3x5) nener; I1JJ11 sa 5 KYH, 11J111

5 MPOTOK, no 12 (4x3) lleHer. Horan, KaK TepMI1H MOCKOBCKOH lleHeJKHOH CI1CTeMbl COOTBeTCTBOBaJIa urenery, nemoiacs na 3 'laCTIl no 5 neuer; 11J111 110 2,5 rpowa, a KYHa nenanacs na 4 xeraeperux 110

3 nensm, B HyM1l3MaTll'leCKOH nareparype TepMI1H uorara I1CnOJlb3yeMbIH, KaK I1P0l13BOilHOe OT apaficxoro CJlOBa «uara», Ofi03HalJaJOIlIee lIKofibI «orfiopnyio MOHery», He COOTBeTcTByeT lleHCTBI1TelfbHocTI1. Horan, KaK 1/20 rpasnst C secosoa HOPMOH 20,466 r, HI1KOma na MOrJla lIBJ1l1TbClI «OTfiOPHOH MOHeTOH» BeCOM OKOJlO

2,7 - 2,5 r. B XV B., cornacno JleTOnl1CHbIM 1l0KYMeHTaM, B HOBropOIlCKOM lleHeJKHOM csere na CMeHY urensry, I1JJI1 aorare, npauren TepMl1H «nosxa», MpOTKa, KaK 11 <jJpaHlIY3CKOe martres

(11JJ11 martarorum), B MOCKOBCKOH lleHeJKHOH CI1CTeMe Ofi03HalJaJIO TIJlaTe)!(HYJO ellI1HI1l\Y - KYHI1l\Y, I1JJI1 KYHY. B «I1pl1Bl1J1el1» 1503 r. BeJll1Koro KHlI311 JII1TOBCKOro, llaHHoH BI1Tefi'laHaM, YKa3aHO, lJTofibI «3aKJIa)lHYJO KYHI1l\Y na Hac fipaTb no necsrs rpoureji», OTKYlla CJlel\yeT, 'lTO aecosas uopua KYHl1l1bI, I1JJ11 MPOTKI1, COOTBeTCTBOBaJIa 10 rpourax, I1JJI1 JlofillaM.

B l\eHeJKHOM csere 60-TI1 lleHe)!(}[bIH HOBrOpOIlCKI1H pyfiJlb I1JJI1 MOCKOBCKalI rpnaua KYH COOTBeTCTBOBaJIl1 fib!:

pyfiJlb (81,864 r) = 4 uoraru (20,466 r) =

5 MPOTOK, I1JlI1 KYH (16,372 r) = 20 xerseperau (4,093 r) = 60 nener (1,364 r);

AHaJII13 BeCOBbIX HOPM lleHe)!(}[bIX elll1Hl1l1 HafJIlll\HO nOKa3bIBaeT aHaJIOfl1lO urensra C HoraTOH 11 aesepmur C KYHOH, lIBJ1l1JOIlII1XClI 1/20 lJaCTbJO rpasnsr B HOBrOpOI\CKOH 11 MOCKOBCKOH l\eHe)!(}[OH CI{CTeMe (CM. rafin, 2). CooTHOWeHl1e

AEHE>KHO·BECOBbIE HOPMbl IX-XVI BB.

HOBropOAeKaH JeNAli PyeeKaH JeNAli
(~eTHWM py6Ab, Ama, r 240·AeHelKHaH (~eTHWM py6Ab, Ama, r 240·AtHelKHaH
KOHO AeHer rpMBHa, r KOA·BO AtHer rpMBHa, r
48 (4xI2) 1,701 409,320 60 (lxI2) 1,164 327,416
52 (4xll) 1,174 m,8JJ 61 (Ixll) 1,219 102,267
16 (4xI4) 1,461 110,841 70 (lxI4) 1,169 280,676
60 (4xll) 1,164 127,416 71 (5xll) 1,091 261,964
64 (4xI6) 1,279 106,990 80 (lxI6) 1,021 241,192
68 (4xI7) 1,201 288,91 I 81 (lxI7) 0,961 231,141
72 (4xI8) 1,137 272,880 90 (lxI8) 0,909 218,104
76 (4xI9) 1,077 218,117 91 (lxI9) 0,861 206,814
80 (4x20) 1,023 241,192 100 (lx20) 0,818 196,473
84 (4x21) 0,974 m,897 101 (lx21) 0,779 187,117
88 (4x22) 0,910 223,261 110 (lx22) 0,744 178,612
92 (4x23) 0,889 211,118 II I (lx23) 0,711 170,846
96 (4x24) 0,852 204,660 120 (lx24) 0,682 161,728
100 (4x21) 0,818 196,473 140 (5x28) 0,184 140,JJ8
104 (4x26) 0,787 188,916 160 (lx12) 0,111 122,796
108 (4x27) 0,718 181,920 181 (lx16) 0,414 109,112
112 (4x28) 0,730 171,422 200 (1140) 0,409 98,236
116 (4x29) 0,701 I 69,l7l 220 (lx44) 0,372 89,106
120 (4110) 0,682 161,728 240 (1148) 0,141 81,864 AEHE>KHbIH C~ET B HOBrOPOACKOH H MOCKOBCKOH AEHE>KHbIX CHCTEMAX

HoaropOAeKaH e'IeTHO·AeHelKHaH emeMa HOeKOBeKaH e~eTHo·AtHelKHaH eMcreNa
BeeoBaH HopKa Beeom HopNa (~eTHWM AeHelKHwM e~er. Komemo Beeom HOPMa Beeom HopKa (~eTHWM AeHelKHwM em: Komemo
(IIeT1ION rpMBHW, r HoraTW py6Ab HOraT B mTHOM py6Ae, (IIeT1IoN rpMBHbI, r HoraTW py6Ab HOraT B mTHOM py6Ae,
(1120 rpHBHw), r Komemo ~acreM M AeHer (1/20 rpHBHw), r KomecrBo ~acreH H AeHer
B aerate B aerate
r pMBHa - 20,466 4B 41(114) r pMBHa - 16,372
409,32 60 41(111) HAM 327,41 60 11(411)
4xilxl\
80 4x(114) 80 11(4x4)
1/) rpMBHw - 10,m 96 81(4xl)
204,66 100 8112,1 MAM 100 51(415)
41(111)
120 8x(lxl) 'I, 'PMI"" - 161,66 8,186 120 IOx(4xl)
1/4 rpMBHW - 1,116 192 161(4xl) 1/4 rpHBHW - 4,091 240 201(411)
102,JJ 81,864 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <!> a n e p H C T H K a 371

IHYMI3MATHKA

ecrapoii» HOraTbI, I1l1MeJla BeCOBYJO HOPMY 5,116 r: rpnsna (81,864 r) = 16 norar (5,116 r), a norara

7 neaer HOBroPOi\CKI1X, I1JlI1 14 nener MOCKOBCKI1X. Ilpn 3TOM HOBrOpOi\CKOMY pytimo COOTBeTCTBOBaJlO 224 (16xI4) MOCKOBCKI1X i\eHbfl1 C BeCOBOH HOPMOH 0,341 r, IUm 112 (16x7) nener C Yi\BOeHHOH BeCOBOH HOPMOH no 0,682 r. KYHa, KaK MOCKOBCKall C'leTHaH e!1.I1H11ua, I1MeJl8 BeCOBYIO HOPMY: rpnnna (81,864 r) = 20 KYH (4,093 r), Mil MOHeT 'leKaHeHHbIX 113 120-TI1 neuexaoro cseruoro py6Jlll C Yi\BOeHHOH BeCOBOH HOPMOH 0,682 r. Oi\HaKO sexanxa MOCKOBCKI1X MOHeT ocyuiecrananacs 113 240-i\eHelKHOH C'leTHOH rpl1BHbI C BeCOBOH HOPMOH 0,341 r, npI13TOM 100-i\eHelKHbIH MOCKOBCKHi1 py6Jlh BeCI1Jl

34, II r, a KYHa secuna 2,046 r.

CJlei\OBaTeJlbHO, B HOBrOp01\CKOM pytine norara COCTaBJli!Jla 71\eHer, 11 KYHa He i\Be 1\eHbfl1, a 31\eHbfl1 HOBroPOi\CKI1X.

113 «KoMMeHTapl1eB» C. Ieptiepnrreaaa 113BeCTHO, 'ITO B 1517-1526 rr. HOBrOpOi\CKI1e 11 nCKOBCKI1e MOHeTbI «no CTOI1MOCTI1 B1\BOe rrpeBOCXOi\IlT MOCKOBCKI1e», 11 «aosroponcxas rpnnaa CTOI1T XlIII. Py6Jlb xe - i\BeCTI1 i\B8i\UIlTb 1\Be i\eHbflol»* MOCKOBCKI1X. Mocxoscxas nensra, YCTaHOBJleHHaH pe<jJopMoH, I1MeJla BeCOBYJO HOPMY 0,341 r, npa 3TOM MOCKOBCKI1H py6Jlb COOTBeTCTBOBaJl:

MOCKOBCKI1H py6Jlb (34, II r) = 10 rpasen (3,411 r) = 100 (lOxIO) nener (0,341 r);

a HOBrOpOi\CKI1H py6Jlb, CTOI1BlUl1H 222 I1JlI1 224 MOCKOBCKI1X i\eHbfl1 (75,72 - 76,40 r), COOTBeTCTBOBaJl 108-MI1 i\eHelKHOMY C4eTHOMY py6mo BeCOM 75,80 r, na KOTOPblit lUJlO 100 HOBroPOi\CKI1X nener BeCOM no 0,758 r cepe6pa. Ilpn 3TOM uorara I1JlI1 «HOBrOpOi\CKall rpxana COCTOI1T XlIII (14)>> MOCKOBCKI1Xi\eHer - 4,77 r. HCnOJTb3yeMbIH B i\eHelKHOM 060poTe HOBrOp01\CKI1H 100-i\eHelKHbIH py6Jlb asrrnanen B BI1i\e:

HOBroPOi\CKl1H py6Jlb (75,80 r) = 16 rpasea (4,73 r) = 100 neaer (0,758 r).

B i\eHelKHOM 060pOTe MOCKOBCKoro rocynapcrsa I1CnOJlb30BaJll1Cb HOBrop01\CKI1HIOOi\eHelKHblH py6Jlb BeCOM 75,80 r 11 MOCKOBCKI1H 100-1\eHelKHbIH py6Jlb BeCOM 34,11 r. ROBroPOi\CKI1H py6Jlb no CTOI1MOCTI1 rtpnpananaancn K 1\BYM MOCKOBCKI1M py6JlIlM, KaK yxassrsan C. Iepoepurrean HOBrOpOi\CKI1e 11 nCKOBCKI1e MOHeTbI «no CTOI1MOCTI1 B1\BOe rrpeBOCXOi\IlT MOCKOBCKI1e,), npu 3TOM OH nposcnan, 'ITO PI1lKCKI1H py6Jlb, COOTBeTCTBOBaBIITI1l1 no BeCOBOH HOP Me HOBfOPOi\CKOMY, «Oi\I1H CTOI1T i\Ba MOCKOBCKI1X')* py6Jli!.

llupxe«. BOflJICcICaJl Bynzapus, 300-310 e. x. (913- 922 ee.).

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llupxe». Xa3apcICuu soeanam. Apa tu-Kasa», 223 z. x. (837/8 e.).

llpaJICcICuu ZpOUI. Boeeuus, 1278-1306 ee.

jJeHapuU. AHZflUJI, AJlbrjJpea II, 978-1016 ee.

/JeHapuu. /JaHUJI, Kuvm, 1016- 1035 ee.

TbMymapaICaHb. McmucflaB, 988-1036 ee.

noraru C KYHOH COCTaBJl5leT 4:5. Ilpn 3TOM B HOBrOpOi\CKOH CI1CTeMe 3TO COOTHOlUeHHe COCTaBJli!eT 20 aorar (20,466 r) K 25 KYHaM (16,372 r), a B MOCKOBCKOH CI1CTeMe 16 norar (20,466 r) K 20 KYHaM (16,372 r), B COOTBeTCTBl111 C 3TI1M B i\eHelKHOM C4eTe 01\HOH aorare POBHi!JlOCb 5 MOCKOBCKI1X 4epBepeTl111, a KYHe - 4 qepBepeTlIl1.

Ilpn 80-TI1 i\eHelKHOM C4eTHOM pytine HOBroPOi\CKI1H py6Jlb 11 MOCKOBCKall rpirena KYH BblrJli!i\eJlI1 6bl B BI11\e:

py6Jlb (81,864 r) = 4 aoraru (20,466 r) =

16 4eTBepeTI1U (5,1165 r) = 80 neuer (1,0233 r); rpasna KYH (81,864 r) = 5 KYH, I1JlH MPOTOK (16,372 r) = 20 sersepemu (4,093 r) = 80 nener (1,0233 r),

B rrl1CbMeHHhIX HCTO'lHHKaX CJlOBO «py6Jlb» Haql1HaeT BCTpe4aTCil C cepemntu BTOPOH nOJlOBHHbl XI B., a CJlOBO «1\eHbra» - C KOHua XN B., Oi\HaKO I1X B3al1MOCBIl3b OCTaeTCIl nenpenoxnoa, ua 'ITO YKa3bIBalOT 1\eHelKHO aecoaue CI1CTeMbI.

TOlK1\eCTBeHHOCTb neaexnoro C4eTa Knescxoro, MOCKOBCKOro KHillKeCTBa 11 llOJlbCKOrO KOpOJleBCTBa YKa3blBalOT na <jJOpMHpOBaHl1e I1X C4eTHbIX ei\l1Hl1lI11 neaexnoBeCOBblX HOPM Ha OCHOBe npeanepyccxoji CI1CTeMbl, a neuexnoro C4eTa HOBfOPOi\CKOH 3eMJlH, 3arr8i\HOpycCKI1X KHillKeCTB 11 JII1TOBCKOro KHillKeCTBa - Ha OCHOBe i\peBHeCJlaBIlHCKOH i\eHelKHO-BeCOBOH CI1CTeMhI. Bo BTOPOH rrOJlOBI1He XIV B. non BJII1IlHl1eM 3KOH0MJ14eCKI1X <jJaKTOpOB B PYCCKI1X KHillKeCTBax 60-TI1 i\eHelKHall cseruas CI1CTeMa rpl1BHbI KYH CMeHJleTCIl py6JleBoH. B TO BpeM51 KaK B 3arrMHOpycCKI1X 3eMJlH.X, BOlUe1\lUl1X B COCTaB JII1TOBCKOfO KHlllKeCTBa, 11 B Ilonuue 60-TI1 rpouresaa, HJlJ1 xonosas C4eTHaH CI1CTeMa COBMeCTHO C py6JleBOH 100-i\eHelKHOH C4eTHOH CI1CTeMOH ycneumo I1CnOJlb30BaJlHCb i\0

20-x ronos XVII B.

HMelOll\l1eCH B 3arrMHoeBpOneHCKI1X I1CT04HI1KaX ynoMeHaHHH 0 «)JJlJ1HHOM') lUHJlJlI1Hre, I1JlJ1l1leJlere, B 30 neaapuea, snonae 3aKOHOMepHoe aanemte, T. K. B XVI B. npn i\OCTHlKeHI1I1 nOJlbCKI1M rpoureu BeCOBOH HOPMbI 0,682 rp. na urener yxe lIlJlO 30 rpoureii, Pe<jJopMoHI526-1528 rr. B Ilonuue MeCTO urenera 3aHMa HOBall C4eTHO-i\eHelKHaH ei\I1Hl1ua - 3JlOTbIM (nonscx. zloty) B 30 rpoineii, cooTBeTcTBYJOlUl1H nOJlOBI1He xorrsr.

B nasane 90-x ronoe XV B. BeCOBaH uopaa MOCKOBCKOH 240-i\eHelKHOH CqeTHOH rpasnu i\OCTHTaJla 3HaqeHI1H BeCOBOH HOPMbl cuernoro py6ml- 81,864 r, 0 'leM BO BTopOH4aCTI1 rrpl1l111CKI1 60rocJTYlKe6HOH KHl1f11 C006ll\aJlOCb: «Hosaa rpxsira 3 rpl1BHbl. A KYHa i\Be i\eHTI1, a aorara 7 i\eHer. A rpnsua cepe6pa py6Jlb,). ECJlI1 «crapas» MOCKOBCKall C4eTHaH rpasna, OTHOCI1BlIlallCH K KOHUY XIV - Ha'laJTY XV BB., I1MeJla BeCOBYJO HOPMY 245,593 r, TO «aosas» cseraaa rpnsna crana srpoe nerse «CTapOH» rpl1BHbl11 HMeJla BeCOBYIO HOPMY 81,864 r, paBHYJO BeCOBOH nopae HOBroPOi\CKOro cseraoro py6Jl51. Horara, KaK HOBrOpOi\CKaH C4eTHaH ei\I1HHua,

B MOCKOBCKOM csere TaK lKe 6blJla arpoe nerve

* fep6eplUTeilH C. KOMMeHTapl111 0 MOCKOBCKI1X i\eJlax. (Rerum Moscoviticarum Commentarii. 1549). D-Ka «CI10». Jl., 1986, c. 79-80.

I 38 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <I> a n e p H C T H K a

PiK

1 KoniHKa

o 15,9 MM. AAIOMiHiM, 0,62 r.

2000

Unc

1,00

5 KoniHoK

o 17,9 MM. AAIOMiHiM, 0,70 r.

2000

Unc

1,00

10 KoniHoK

o 20,0 MM. AAIOMiHiM, 1,00 r.

2000

Unc

1,00

25 KoniHoK

2000

017,0 MM. AarYHb, 2,14 r. 1,50

50 KoniHoK

o 19,0 MM. AarYHb, 2,75 r.

2000

Unc 1,50

PiK

Tupax 51. KiCTb Ilina

PiK

THPa:lK 5I.KicTb llina

25 py6AiB

031 MM. MiAHO'HiKeAeBHM cnAaB 12,3 r. rypr rAaAKHM

AeCJlTb pOKiB YTBOpeHHJI nMP.

2000 Proof 110,00

50 py6AiB

o 33 MM. MiAHo-HiKemHM cnAaB, 14,4 r. rypr rAaAKHM

M. CD. Aaploaoa

1.000 eKJ. Proof 150,00

AeCJlTb pOKiB YTBopeHHJI nMP.

2000 Proof 125,00

100 py6AiB

Paunds.

L1,epKBa CBJlTO'i >KHBOHa'laAbHo'i Tpotul

200 I 1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

o 32,00 MM. Cpi6AO m:j npo6H, 14,14 r. r ypr rAaAKHM.

200 I

H. B. CKAicj>oCOBCbKHH

1.000 eKJ. Proof 150,00

Tapacnixe.

Co6op Pi3ABa Xpacrosoro.

1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

2001

2001

I\. C. 6epr

1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

CTPOEHLI,H.

L1,epKBa MHxa'iAa ApxaHreAa.

1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

2001

H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i <jJ a n e p H C T H K a 391

IHYMI3MATHKA

BOPOHKOBO.

LJ.epKBa YcneHiR npHCBRTO'j 6orOpOAHl.\i.

100 I 1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

BaAYA.TypKYAyH.

LJ.epKBa Pi3ABa npHcBRTo'i 6orOpOAHl.\i.

100 I 1.000 eKl, Proof 150,00

1001

rpHropioniAb

500 eKl. Proof 110,00

6eHAepH. npeo6palKeHcbKHH co6op.

100 I 1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

2U).pi'l'Ul3aCH)'BlIHHR THpacnOAJO. naM'RTHHK.

1001 500 eKl, Proof 150,00

1001

, Tapacnixs

500 eKl, Proof 185,00

KHl.\KaHH.

Co6op B03HeciHHR rOcnoAHboro.

100 I 1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

210-pi<NR 3aCH)'BlIHHR T HpacnOAJO. <D0PTel.IR.

1001 500 eKl. Proof 150,00

1003

6eHAepH

500 eKl. Proof 185,00

BaAR·AAHHKe.

LJ.epKBa nOKpoBa 60lKO'j MaTepi.

100 I 1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

1001

K. K. reAPOHl.\

500 eKl. Proof 150,00

1003

<DYT6oAbHHH KAy6 «WepHcjI»

500 eKl. Proof 1.850,00

303YARHH.

LJ.epKBa napacKeBH Cep6cbKo'j.

100 I 1.000 eKl. Proof 150,00

10 pOKiB npHAHiCTPOBCbKOMY 6aHKY.

1001 500 eKl. Proof 185,00

1003

YAOA 3BH'IaHHHH

500 eKl. Proof 185,00

I 40 H y M i 3 MaT H K a i <jl a n e p H C T H K a

HYMI3MATlIK

2004

KOCYMI

1.000 eKl. Proof

2005

n. n. Bepuiaropa

500 eKl. Proof 165,00

SI. C. rpOCYA

1.000 eKJ. Proof 165,00

150,00

2004

2004

80 pOKiB nepuroi Aep>KaBHOCTi Y npeAHicTpOB"j

500 eKl. Proof 620,00

2005

K03epir

1.000 eKJ. Proof

2005

15 pOKiB YTBOpeHHlI nMP

500 eKJ. Proof 185,00

165,00

2004

A. r. Py6iHwTeHH

1.000 eKl. Proof 165,00

2005

6iAorOAOBHH cin

1.000 eKl. Proof 185,00

2005

15 pOKiB YTBopeHHlI nMP

500 eKl. Proof 185,00

113,IJ;aTeJIhCKHM

rrpoeKT

B H01l6pe 2005 r. BhJXOIIHT KHHra -Harpaau H 3HaKH 6eJlhJX apMHM H rrpaBHTeJ1bCTB» 113BeCTHoro POCCHHCKOro ljJaJ1epHCTa npooeccopa B. A. ,a,ypoBa Hero auepaxaacxoro KOJ1J1em

A. If. PYIIl1'leHKO. 3TO - nepsaa H3 xerstpex KHl1r, nOCB5lll\eHHbIX narpana« H 3HaKaM Benoro IIBIDKeHHll, Ieopruescxnv uarpanau B nepnon rpaJK.llaHCKOM BOMHh], narpaaaa MaJ1bIX rOCYllapCTBeHHblX 06pa30BaHHH na repparopaa 6blBUleH POCCHHCKOMI1Mf1epHH I1I1HTepBeHTOB, a raxxe 3Ml1rpaHTCKI1X OpraHl13al1l1H.

B nepsoa KHl1Te 113 3TOM cepnn na 425 crpanauax npeacrasnenu see H3BeCTHble B uacroauiee BpeMll3H3KH OTJ1HQJ15l aH'fH60J1bUleBHCTCKHX CHJ1, a TaJOKe MHOrOQI1CJ1eHHble ljJoTorpaljJl111 11110K)'MeHTbl, OTHOClIlI\l1eCli K reue. 06U1ee Ql1CJ10 HJ1J1[QCTpal1HM - OK0J10 500, cpeaa HHX 60J1ee 300 UBeTHhlX ljJoTorpaljJl1M nOMI1HHhlX uarpaa

(B xacurraoe 1 : I HJlI1 2: I) H HX npoexrnsrx PI1Cym<OB, a raxxe nOMI1HHble rrpaxaau 06 Y'fpeJK,!leHHH uarpan, 1I0KYMeHTbl, pernaMeHTHpYJOlI\He nOp5l1l0K I1X Bblllaq]1 H HOUleHHll, noprperu KaBaJ1epOB.

90 % l1J1JlIDcrpaUHM ny6J1HKYeTC5l anepeue.

B KHHre HCn0J1b30BaHbl MaTepl1aJ1bl npaxnorecsn scex xpynuux My3eeB, apxasos, a raxxe sacnurx c06paHHH POCCI1'" H CIlIA.

B 3aKJ1[Qq]1TeJlhHOM qaCTH npaaonarcs 06pa3l.\b1 nOMeJ10K.

ITo BonpocaM npHo6peTeHIDI KHHf o6pa~aTbcll:

B YKpaHHe - B pe~aI(]JJllO xypnana «HYMH3MaTHKa H <panepHCTHKa».

B POCCHH - K r-ay ));.B. ));YPOBY, rrOqTOBhIll: anpec: r. Mocxsa, CTapOKOHlOlJ1eHHhrll: nep., )J,. 41, xopn. 3, KB. 36. e-mail: faleristika@mtu-net.ru , T. 8-906-763-7777, (095) 291-68-67.

B 3anMHoii Espone - K f-HY A.il. <l>I1lfI'PYTY (A.I. Fingrut), Liebeneck Str., 26, D-75175 Pforzheim e-mail: afingruts'web.de, I/F: (+49) 7231/652115.

H Y Ai i 3 Ai a T H K a i 1> a n e p H C T H K a 41

J

KynAIO· BUY· ANKAUF

npOAAM . SALE . VERKAUF

Ea)l(aJOQHM orry6JIiKyBaTl1 CBOE: OrOJIOllleHH5I npo K}'IliBJIJO - nponax - 06MiH KOJIeKUiliHoro MaTepiany aeotiximro naaicnara na anpecy pe.!(aKUil TeKcT (He 6iJIb1ll5lK 200 3HaKiB) na «TMOHI OrOJIOIllEHb». 3a uiei YMOBI1 rry6JIiKYE:TbC51 6e3KolllToBHO.

)KeJIaJOIllI1M orry6JIl1KOBaTh CBOe 06'h5lBJIeHHe 0 KYTIJIe - nponaxe - 06MeHe KOJIJIeKUl10HHOrO MaTepl1aJIa He06xo.!(I1MO rrpncnars B anpec pe.!(aKUI1I1 TeKCT (.!(O 200 3HaKoB) na «TAJIOHE OEb51BJIEHI1H», xoropun naer npaso ua 6ecllJIaTHYJO rry6JIHKauHlO.

Anybody, who wants to publish an advertisement about purchase-safe-change of collection items, has to send a text on «ADVERTISEMENT COUPON» (up to 200 signs) in the address of the editorial board. The coupon gives a right of free publication.

Diejenigen, die ihre Anzeiaen ueber den Ein-und Verkauf, Austausch von Sammtungen zu veroeffentlichen wuenschen, haben an die Adresse der Redaction einen Text (bis zu 200 Zeichen) auf dem ANZEIGE- TALON zukommen zu lassen, der Ihnen das Recht auf die unentfleltliche Veroeffentlichung gibt.

HapymHy HaWHBKY (weBpoH) YMBC 06AaCTeM YKpaiHH. BiMCbKOBHX KOMicapiaTiB 06AaCTeM. CMipHOB llerpe AHApiMom. npOB. napmaHcbKHM 111l. M. CAaByra. XMeAbHHUbKOi 06A ... 30000. TeA. (03842) 846 79. M06. 8 097 564 93 64.

ABTorpa~~ npeACeAaTeAeM H6Y: B. MaTBHeHKo. B. r eTbMm.

C. T HrHnKO. B. IOlIIeHKo. B. C TeAbMaxa; lOAOTy~ MOHeTY YKpaHHbl IIOPAHTAII 500 rpH. CaHHCKHM HHKOAaM AHApeeBH~. v- AeHHHa. 26. KB. 16. nIT. KyM6blweBo. 3anopoll<cKaIl 06A .• 7100 I.

KynA~. 06MiH~~. npoAaM: 6aHKHOTH YKpaiHH 1917-1920 pp .• 1942 p. - PiBHe. 1991-1996 pp .• ttKOArocnHi rpcui», MOHeTH. nOWTOBi MapKH YKpaiHH. KOHBepTH. mTiBKM (1991-2002 pp.).

I offer all Ukrainian stamps. covers. cards. bones. ttcollective·farmll paper moneys. A~60MHP Wa~paH. a/c 225. KaM·~HeUb·nOAiAbCbKHM. 11113. YKpaiHa.

3BelA~ K HHoCTpaHH~M opAeHaM. lBelA~ C opAeHaMH B KOMnAeKTe. ~oTorpa~HH HHoCTpaHH~x npaBMreAeM. BoeHmAbHHKOB B MyHAHpax C opA1HaMH. AOHeUK. reA. (062) JJ5 2556.

WyKa~ MaTepiaA ttWemHKiHiaHall. MOHeTH. 60HH. ~eKH. ttKapTKH CnOll<HBmll. npoBilopii. ttKOArocnHi rpcuii», MapKH YKpaiHH. )KeroHH ttr eTbMaHIi. MOHeTH ra 6aHKHOTH KOAHWHix pecny6AiK CPCP ra CAOB'~HCbKHX KpaiH. nponoHy~: AiTepaTYPY. MOHeTH. MapKH. 60HH 1 YCboro cBiry. CepriM lain, CaAOBHM npoilA. 16·34. XapKiB. 61100. E·mail: serhij@europe.com

KynA~ cnpi, AO 1939 p .• neuresi AHCTiBKH la UiHO~ 50-100 rpHBeHb 1 BHAaMH M. r 0poAeHKH. c. PaKiBeUb. c. ~OpHOAMU~.

c. KAHWKiBUiB. OAeKCaHAp. KHiB. TeA. (044) 4504637. nim 20 rOA.

MeAaAb Ja ycnewHoe OKOH~aHMe WKOA~. lHa~OK AenyraTa BepxoBHoro COBm C((P. YKpaHH~. TeA. (06262) II 493.

slavnik@pisem.net

KOAbOPOBi AianolHTMBH (CAaMAH) a60 KOAbOPOBi ~oTorpa~ii Aepll<aBHHX nanepoBHX rpoweM YKpaiHH 1917-1920 pp .• PaA~HCbKOi YKpaiHcbKoi pecny6AiKM 1919 p. (y BiAMiHHiM ~KOCTi). Ma~ Ha 06MiH 60HH i MOHeTH Pocii. CPCP. nOAbllli.

llerpo KpmyK. CMT A~6ewiB. BOAHHCbKa 06A .• 42200.

KynA~ a60 06MiH~~: 6aHKHOTH YKpaiHM 1917-1919 pp •• AYUbKOi MicbKOi ynpaBM 1917-1920 pp .• 60H ItnaHCTBo I. rOpOXOBIl

1861 p .• 60HH Pocii. ~eKa~ KOHKpeTHHx nponolHuiM.

llerpe KpmyK. CMT A~6ewiB. BOAHHcbKa 06A •• 44200

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npOAaM maAorH KpaYle. PHKa. WOHa X Ap. Ha CO-AHcKax. TeA.: (0612) 131 921. (066) 783 0603, (066) 10877 49.

npeAAara~ 60Aee 100 KOMnaKT-AHCKOB C BoeHHo-HCTopmcKoM lapy6ell<HoM meparypoM X nepHoAHKOM. nAOTKHH r. A.

np. BepHaACKoro. 89. 315. Moma. 119526. POCCH~. Plotkin@msk.netru

ABTOp Bwwm HaAOll<eHH~M nmelKOM ia 20 rpH. CBOM Kamor "6yMall<H~e AeHbrH. XOAHBWHe Ha YKpaHHe" 1991 I.. ~OPMaT A5. 200 CTp •• 6el HAA~CTpaUHM, THpall< 2000 3Kl. npHBeAeH~ B~nycKH YKpaHH~, ApyrHx rocYAapCTB, palAH~HwX opraHHlaUHM. AaHa OTHOCXTeAbHai oueHKa peAKoCTH. 6aAaeB A. C.

np. nepeMorH, 121, KB. 6, ~epHHroB. 14038. TeA. 136-871.

ABTOP B~WAeT HaAOlKeHH~M nmelKOM ra 25 rpH. CBOM Kamor "MOHeT~ CTpaH MHpa" 1991 I., ~OPMaT A5, 300 CTp .• 6el HAA~CTpaUHH. THpall< 2000 3Kl. npHBeA1H~. 06HxoAH~e MOHeT~ XX ma (KpoMe peAKocH~X). OnHCaH~ Hl06paJl<eHH~. AaHa OTHOCHTeAbHaR oueHKa peAKoCTH. 6aAaeB A. C. np. nepeMOrx. 121. KB. 6. ~epHHroB, 14038. TeA. 136-871.

ABTOp B~wm HaAOlKeHH~M nmelKOM sa 70 rpH. CBOM Kamor "AeHbrx CTpaH EBpon~ B XX me" 2002 I., ~OPMaT A4, 340 CTp., 613 HAA~CTpaUHH. THpall< 200 3Kl. Ha 5000 HA. nOKaJaH~ H onHCaH~: rep6~ H KapT~ 53 CTpaH, 06HxoAH~e MOHeT~ H 60H~. Am oueHKa B AOAAapax CWA. 6aAaeB A. C. np. nepeMorH, 121, KB. 6, ~epHHroB. 14038, TeA. 136-871.

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06MIH ' 06MEH ' EXCHANGE, TAUSCH

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CTaH~HH, ropoAa, IKI A MOTHBM; Ama, 6eccapa6HA, 6eHAepM, 6YKoBHHa. E-mail: (Z_tz@hotirail.com. (nHcaTb AaTHHH~eH). David Margulis, str Kibowich 16-10, Rehovot, 7643 I, Israel.

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, .

. _-----------------------------------------------------------------------------_-------------_----------------------------------------

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12.86 IHCTHTyr SMHOrpaAapma i S"P06HMUTsa iMeHi B. f. Taiposa

2005 CuNiln 12,80 r 20.000 Unc. 25,0

12.87 AMMTpO ~SOpHMUbKMH

2005 CuNiln 12,80 r 20.000 Unc. 15,0

12.88 AasiA rypaMiwsiAi

2005 CuNiln 12,80 r 20.000 Unc. 15,0

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2005 CuNiln 16,54 r 60.000 Unc.

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, .---------------------------------------------------------------------_--

13.44 KopoaeHb. 1300 pOKis

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13.45 CYMM. 350 pOKis

2005 CuNiln 16,54 r 30.000 Unc.

20,0

14.66 riMH YKpa'iHM

2005 Ag·925 33,63 r 3.000 Proof

500,0

14.67 nOKposa

2005 Ag·925

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

33,63 r 8.000 Proof

150,0

25,0

25,0

14.68 100 pOKis ~epHiseubKoMy reaTpy

2005 Ag·925 33,63 r 5.000 Proof 150,0

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Bnyrpiuraa nOJliTI1Ka YPll,ll,y PB Bl1KJlI1KaJIa 3Ha'IHe He3a,n;OBOJleHHllllIl1pOKl1X Kin nacenerraa KpaiIDI. Onip KOJlOHi3aTopaM ¢aKTl1'lHO nepepic Y pyx onopy noninnii ypll,n;y TIiBAeHHoro B'cTHaMY. AHTI10n03lfuiMHa KaMrraHilI YPll,n;y 6YJla cnpsvonaua B OCHOBHOMY nporn xomcmrix aKTl1BicTiB B'erxius. OCKinhKl1 3Ha'IHa qaCTl1Ha HaCeJleHHlI Ilisnemroro B'CTHaMY nosaxana a'erxiniauia lIK cnpaaxnix narpioria, y 1956 p. IH¢opMauiliHa cJly)!(6a ClIlA sanpononyaana, ll.\o6 YPll,ll, ra sacotia xacoeol rn¢OPMaUll PB Ha311BaJII1 B'eTMrnh B'cTKOHrOM (Viet Cong (airrn.) - CKOpOqeHHlI Bip; B'cTHaMChKOro CJlOBOcnOJl)"leHHlI Viet Nam Cong San - B'cTHaMChKi KOMYHicTI1). 3a 3a,n;YMOM asropis, ue MaJIO HeCTl1 HeraTI1BHY OUiHKY i 3MeHlIIl1Tlf norrynnpnicn. pyxy. ITPOTlITOM KinhKOX poxis Ha3Ba npJ1)!(J1JlaClI He mure y TIiBAeHHOMY B'cTHaMi, a H y ClIlA ra €Bponi.

20 rpy,n;HlI 1960 p. ono311uiHHi ClfJlI1 Illaaeanoro B'cTHaMY, rOJlOBHOlO MeTOlO lIKI1X 6YJlo o6'cAHaHHlI Kpai"HI1, yrBOPI1JlI1 HauioHaJJhHHH ¢pOHT BI13BOJleHHlI TIiBAeHHoro B'cTHaMY (H<l>BTIB). floro

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H<l>BTIB 3allBJIlIB npo CBOlO He3aJIe)!(HjCTb BU XaHOlO i Te, uio HOro 'IJIeHaMH E nepesaxno He KOMYHiCTI1. Bararo aHTI1BOcHHI1X aKTI1BicTiB nip;rpl1MYBaJIl1 ,n;yMKY mOAO Bip;CyrHOCTi rtpsxoro 3B'1I3KY MDK HI1M ra YPll,ll,OM ITiBHiqHOrO B'cTHaMY. Ilpore, ¢aKTI1 caiman, npo npOTl1JIe)!(He. Hanepenonni CTBopeHHlI H<l>BTIB - y rpastti 1959 p. ra y sepecai 1960 p.npaanssa y,L(PB Ilapris rpynsunrx B'cTHaMY (TIIB) nporOJlOCI1JIa KYPC na peBOJllOuiMHY

60pOTh6y aa o6'c,n;HaHHlI nisnosi ra niBAHlI KpamH o,n;HOqaCHO nOJliTl1qHHMI1 ra BiHChKOBHMH aacofiaxn. 3 1959 p. na repnropuo PB nOqaJIH rrponmarn ninroroaneni y,L(PB 6iHUi, ll.\o6 3rOAOM crarn lIAPOM 6aTaJIhMOHiB ra nOJlKiB B'cTKOHry. Hanpnxinui 1960 p. YPll,ll, ,L(PB o¢iuillHo BH3HaB CBOlO niATpl1MKY nOBCTaHCbKOMY pyxosi aa TIiB,n;Hi. A 3 1964 p. Y TIiBAeHHOMY B'€THaMi nouann BeCTI1 60HOBi All 36pOHHi Cl1JJH TIiBHiqHOrO B'cTHaMY - B'CTHaMCbKOi" Haponnoi apvii (BRA). Xoxa XaHoM nocrinno 3alIBJllIB, uto y TIiBAeHHoMY B'cTHaMi 60HOBi All Be,n;yrb mnue HB3C, na xineiu, BiliHH BOHli CKJla,n;aJIH mnue 25 % saramnoi qHCeJJhHOCTi aHTHYPlI,lI,OBliX BiHChKOBI1X ¢opMysaHh. Peurry CTaHOBI1J1.11 BilichKOBOCJI~6oBUi BRA.

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130 KM Biil CaHrOHY. Ha rpOIllOBI1X snaxax

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Ha xyrnopi HOMiHaJIOM 5 noarie 306p~eHo saris, IUO BI1HWOB 3i 36po€1O na raJI5IBI1Hy. EiHUi YCMixHeHi i Hi611 He BLn.'IYBaIOTh He6e3neKl1. Ma6YTb, nOBepTalOTbC5I 3 BilaJIO BI1KOHaHOro 60HOBoro 3aBilaHH5I. Ilonepeny sofipaxeai COJlilaTI1- )f(jHKI1, npl1'lOMY nepwa uece na nnesi K)'JleMeT. 5fK 3rMYSaJIOC5I BI1LUe, na 'lac sunycxy uiei symopn, y B'€TKoHry 6yJll1 nincraen PMiTI1 3 npl1BO)ly ananoro ma HI1X nepe6iry 60HOBI1X iliH.

He 3Ba)l(alO'lI1 na re, LUO nO'l11Ha1O'l11 3 pOK)' 3aCHYBaHH5I PB BiHcbKOBa ta eKOHOMi'lHa norrovora 3 60K)' yp5l)ly Cl11A IH nocriano 3pOCTaJIa, B'€TKOHr nocrynoao 3aXOnJilOBaB iHiuiaTI1BY y KOHCPJliKTi. 2 Ci'lH5I 1963 p. 514-H 6aTaJIbHOH HB3C ra MicueBi napTI13aHI1 p03rpOMI1JII1 7-MY ill1Bi3ilO APB n06J1113y cena An EaK. Ile 6YJIa nepwa BeJlI1Ka nepexora B'€TKoHry. Ha nO'laTOK 1964 p. canroncsxi BiHCbKa cpaKTwlHo 3aJII1Illl1J111 cinscsxi paHOHI1.

3i 36iJIbweHHJlM BiHcbKOBOCJI~60BUiB

B HA, IUO nepenpaBJI5lJlI1C5I ilO Iliaaeanoro B'€THaMY ra nepe6YBaJII1 na HOro ra repnropii cycianix nepxas, nOCTaJIO nI1TaHH5I IX BiilnOBLn.HOrO notiyrosorc 06cJlyroBYBaHH5I. TOMY B 1962 p. LlPB Bl1nycTI1J1a K)'nOHI1)lJ1J1 CBO'ix BiHCbKOBOCJlY)l(60BUiB, LUO nepe6YSaJII1 y JIaoci, KaM60il)l(i 'l11 y Ilisnennovy B'€THaMi. Ilia sac ayrumox 'l11 nepebyaaiosu y TI1JIOBiH 6a3i, BOHI1 MOfJIl1 npl1il6aTl1 aa HI1X nooyroai peui y CneUiaJIhHI1X MicueBI1X KpaMHI1'lKax. Cnin rMaTI1, LUO HI1MI1 KOPI1CTYBaJII1C5I i B'€TKOHriBui, XO'l i He OTPI1MYBaJIl1lx na )l(aJIysaHHJI.

Ilpore KepiBHI1UTBO LlPB MaJIO HaMip BBeCTI1 B ofiir rpourosi "3HaKl1 He mune Mil BiHCbKOBI1X, a H Mil «BI13BOJleHoro» HaCeJleHH5I. 3 uieio MeTOIO y 1963 p. na 3aMOBJleHHJI ,IJ;PB y KI1Tal ua lJ,eHTpaJIhHiVt npyxapni Illauxaio 6YJII1 HMPyKOBaHi naneposi rpouroai 3HaKH Mil H<DBOB. BOHI1 rOryBaJIl1C5I no BBeileHH)! B otiir aa «BI13BOJleHI1X TepI1TopiRX» HaH6J1J1)1('1I1M 'laCOM. Ilpo ue CBLn.'1I1Tb i TOH cpaKT, LUO cave 3 )l(OBTH)! 1964 p. aa Ilianai p03rOpTa€TbC5I

325-Ta illiBi3iR BRA. Ha ilYMK)' TIOJliT61Opo TITB, 1964 p. 6yJlo ilOCTaTHbO nmue onnoro Cl1JIbHOro nOWTOBXY )lJI5I nOBaJIeHH5I nisnetraoB'€THaMCbKOro pe)l(J1MY.

,IJ;0 Bl1nycK)' 6yJII1 ninroroaneai K)'TIlOpl1 HOMiHaJIaMI1 y 10, 20, 50 KCY ra 1, 2 , 5, 10 i 50

nonris. TaKl1M 'lIiHOM, nanepOBI1MI1 6yml 5IK nonroai, TaK i P03MiHHi HOMiHaJIl1. Osesnnno, ue 6yJIO 3p06J1eHO 3 MeTOIO eKoHoMi'i MeTaJIY ra sepea 3aTIJlaHOBaHl1M Tl1M'IaCOBI1H xapaxrep rpouieii j WBl1ilK)' 3aMiHY Ix HOBOIO BaJIlOTOIO nicJ151 06'€ilHaHH5I KpalHI1.

lJ,iKaBI1M € XYilO)I(H€ ocpopMJIeHH5I K)'TIlOp, LUO MaJIl1 CPYHKUilO He mnue BJiaCHe rpourea, a H HeCJlI1 nponarannjrcrcsxe HaBaHTa)f(eHH5I.

OcpopMJleHH)! P03MiHHI1X HOMiHaJIiB 6YJlo oIlHaKOBI1M. Ha asepci yci xyrnopn MaJIl1 n03Ha'leHH5I HOMiHaJIY Ul1cppaMI1 ra npOnI1COM, CepiHHI1H HOMep i 306pa)l(eHHH sepnouoi 3ipKI1 y HauioHaJIhHOMY opaavenri. AHaJIOri'lHe 306p~eHH5I Ha pesepci ilonOBHIOBaJIOC5I HMnl1COM «UY BAN TRUNG UONG MAT TRAN DAN TOC G [AJ PHONG MIEN VIET NAM» «<lJ,eHTpaJIbHI1H KOMiTeT Hauionam.noro CPPOHTY BI13BOJleHH5I Iliaaeuuoro B'€THaMY».

AHaJIOri'lHi nerennn MiCTI1J1l1C5I i na 1I0HrOBI1X HOMiHaJIax. Ilpore jJ,onOBHIOBaJII1C5I BOHl1 jJ,OCl1Th UiKaBl1Ml1 306pa)l(eHH5IMl1

Ml1PHO'i npaui ra 60HOBI1X 6YilHiB 6iHUiB HB3C.

Ha xymopax y 1, 5 ra 10 iloHriB 6yJlo 306pa)l(eHO rrpouec 360py spoxaio. TIPl1'10MY npamoiosi aofipaxeni si 36po€1O sa nJle'll1Ma. O'leBl1ilHO, ue MaJIO Cl1MBOJIi3YBaTl1 acenapoaaicrs 60POTb611 rrpotu caiironcsxoro pe)l(J1My. I cnpasni, APB ra i-i COI03Hl1K11 '1aCTO He MOml1 npOBeCTl1 pisnani Mj)j( Ml1pHl1M HaCeJleHHJIM ra B'€TKOHrOM. CBLn.'1eHH5IM usoro € '1l1CJleHHi BO€HHi 3J10'l1iH11 nporn ul1BiJlbHOrO HaCeJleHH5I Iliaaemroro B'€THaMY.

Ha xyrnopi HOMiHaJIOM 2 ilOHra 306p~eHo pI16aJIK)', LUO 3 'lOBHa 3aKl1ila€ cirs y BOilY. Pl16aJIbCTBO Y TIiBileHHOMY B'€THaMi fiyno Ba)I(J[l1BOIO CKJlMOBOIO naponnoro rocnonapcrsa. Pi'lKI1 BiilirpaBaJIl1 HacTiJIbKl1 BalK.JI}fBY pOJIb Y KOMYHiKauiRx naprnsan, LUO

I 46 H Y M i 3 MaT H K a i cjl a n e p H C T H K a

Ha xyrnopax Y IOTa 50 nonrin 6YJlo 306pa)l(eHO nepeuoxni 601 HB3C. TaK, na pesepci lu-nonrosoi KYTIlOpH 306pa)l(eHO rri.Qp03.QiJI B'erxonry, ow araxyc KOJlOHY 6poHeTpaHcnoprepiB. Bpouerexnixa B)I(e ropnrs. MO)I(JIHBO, cave TOMY exinax nepemuoi MaWHHH, ni.QH5IBWH PYKl1, 3.QaeTbCH Y nOJlOH. Xosa aa «yrnopi 306pa)l(eHO aMepHKaHCbKi fipoaerpaucrtoprepa M113, O'-leBH.QHO, 3.QaIOTbCH y nOJlOH BrnCbKOBOCJl~60BUi APB, OCKiJlbKl1 Y 1963 p. aMepl1KaHCbKHX eKinOOB 6poHeTpaHcnopTepiB y B'eTHaMi we He 6YJlO. APB OTpI1MaJIa nepuii M 113-Ti 1962 p. i 3 roro 'lacy cepen B'eTKOHriBuiB IX Ha311BaJII1 «3eJleHHMH .QpaKOHaMI1». Ile 6YJla Hai1xpawa 6pOHbOBaHa 60i1oBa MamHHa ,lJ,pyroIIH.QOKHTai1cbKo·j BiifHI1, TOMY nm6I1TTH spasy TpbOX Ml13, ax ue 306pa)l(eHO ua xyruopi, - cnpasni BeJlI1K11i1 ycnix naprnaan.

Ha 50 nonrax 306pa)l(eHO KapTHHy 6010 B'eTKOHTiBUiB 3 renixorrrepaaa npOTI1BHl1KaBOHI1 06CTpiJIIOIOTb ix 3 KYJleMeTa ra rBHHTiBOK. YJlaMKI1 O,lJ;HOrO B)I(e nexars na sesou, uuui .QBa ropsrs i, O'leBl1AHO, ira HHX '-IeKae raxa )I( .QOM, rperiji paryerscs sreseio. lle BTpaTH HeCYTb B)I(e TO'-lHO aaepnxaaui, OCKiJIbKH lliB.QeHHOB'eTHaMCbKa apMiH na 'lac .QPYKY xyrnopu renixorrrepia we He MaJIa. Ui MaWHHI1 3 aMepHKaHCbKHMH exinaxaun 3'HBHJlHCH y B'eTHaMi aanepenonn] - y 1961 p. 3 1962 p. BOHI1 novamr 6paTI1 6e3nocepe.QHIO Y'-IaCTb y

60 ilOB J.f X niax, Ha xyruopi y 50 nonria 306pa)l(eHO Bii1cbKoBo-TpaHCllOpTHI1H renixonrep CH-21 Shawnee. BiH 6YB BmHOCHO nOBiJIbHHM i Bpa3Jl11BI1M uasirs Mil PY'-lHOI ctpineusxoi 36pol. )J(apTYBaJIH, WO «JliTalO'lHH 6aHaH» MO)l(Ha 36HTH H B'eTKOHriBCbKHM

CrrJ.lCOM. BJlaCHe B aMepJ.fKaHCbKiH BiHHi B IH.QoKHTal (1965-1973 pp.) CH-21 ysacri He 6paB, OCKiJlbKI1 y 1963-1964 pp. HOro 6YJlo 3aMiHeHO 6iJIblll.QOCKOHaJIJ.lMJ.I UH-1 ra CH-47. Iloaii, cxoxi Ha ri, mo soopaxeai aa xyrnopi y 50 nonris, Bi.Q6YJlHCH nia 'lac aranysanol BJ.lwe 6I1TBH n06J1H3Y An Bax, TO.Qi yci .QeCHTb aMepJ.lKaHCbKJ.lX renlxorrrepis CH-21, WO 6paJIH Y'-IaCTb y onepauii no TpaHcrrOPTYBaHHIO 7 -01.QIiBi3ii APB, 6yJIJ.! nomxonxeni sornea cynPOTl1BHJ.lKa. npl1'-lOMY 'lOTI1PI1 3 HIiX fiyno 36J.1TO i mnre TpH .QOJleTiJIH .QO 6a311.lleB'HTb auepaxaauis 6yJlo nopaueno i oanoro B6J.1TO.

Ha nosarxoain cTaail BiHHM 6pOHbOBaHa rexnixa ra renixonrepn 3aB.QaBaJIH HaH6iJIblllHX BTpaT B'eTKOHry, HKI1H Maif)l(e He MaB saxxoro 036poeHH51. nOpH.Q 3 UJ.fM, B YMOBax Be.QeHH5! BoeHHHX .QiH y .Q)I(yHrJl5IX, 3pOCJla M06iJIbHiCTb '-IaCTHH ta 3'e.QHaHb APB BIiHBliJlaCH ~e HerrpHeMHI1M ¢aKTOM Mil niumx napmaan. Tenep ypH.QOBi BrnCbKa MorJll1.QicTaBaTH B'eTKOHriBuiB naeirs aa Ix BiMaJIeHI1X fiasax. Xosa 3ro.QOM BRA ra HB3C OTpI1MaJIJ.! saxxe 036po€HH5I PMHHCbKOro ra KHTaHCbKOro BHp06HI1UTBa, 6e3 cYMHiBy, rexnisna ocnameuicrs aopora cnpaanana na Ix 6iH~iB HeraTI1BHJ.fi1 ncaxonorixaaa BllJIl1B. O'leBH.QHO, cave TOMY nepexoru Haa 6pOHeTpaHCnOpTepaMJ.I ra reaixonrepav» 6yJlI1 306pa)l(eHI1MH ua rpOWOBHX anaxax U:K HCDBnB.

MO)I(JIJ.lBO, rpourosi 3HaKI1 U:K H<I>BnB 6yJlH 6 BlfllYIlleHi B)I(e y 1964 p., ane «cnarax BCeHapO)IHOrO nOBCTaHH5I» ra «nepeMO)I(HY XO.Qy narpioris» .QOBeJlOCH Bi.QKJlaCTJ.I. BBOnH'!J.I.QO Fliaaennoro B'€THaMY ninpoanina BHA ra aTaKYlO'lH 6a3J.1 BnC ClIlA, YPH.QOBUi Y Xanoi n~e nOMHJlI1J1HCH

EOHleTHKAI

mO.QO pimysocri ypnny CIlIA 3aXJ.lmaTM CBOI inrepeca B I H.QoKHTal.

7 ceprma 1964 p. Konrpec CiliA yxsanns TaK 3BaHY TOHKiHCbKY pe30JlIOUilO, uio naaasana npeannenry KpalHI1 npaso aa CBiH P03CY.Q 3acTocoBYBaTH 36pOHHi CHJlJ.I Y B'€THaMi. 3 cepemmn 1965 p. Y DiBneHHOMY B'eTHaMi p03nO'laJIH 60HOBi ni'i cyxorryrui BiHcbKa, MopCbKa nixora, Bnc Ta BMC CIilA. B'€TKOHr ra BRA 3a3HaJIH 3Ha'lHJ.fX BTpaT. O'leBH.QHO, caae TOMY H<I>BnB ra Horo KYpaTOpH y XaHol6YJlH BHMyweHi nepenecrn BBe.QeHHH B 06ir Ha fliB.QHi csoix naueposax rpouiea ira ni3HiwHH 'lac. B'€TKOHr KOHTpOJIIOBaB 3Ha'lHi pai1oHI1 xpain», ane BOHH He 6YJlH nOBHicTIO «BH3BOJleHHMJ.I», T06TO 3aJIHWaJIHCH 30HOIO 60HOBHX .QiH ra nesnoro BnJlHBY ypH.Qy PB. 06ir rpouroaoi O.QHHHUi y TaKHX YMOBax 6YB HeMO)I(JIHBI1M - BOHa npOCTO BHJlY'laJIaCH 6 ypH.QOM PB. 3 TO'lKj.f sopy ineonorisaoitioporstia ue, 3BH'-IaHHO, 6YJlo HenpHHHHTHHM.

llary BBe.QeHHH B otiir rpOWOBHX 3HaKiB UK H<I>BnB 6YJlo HaMi'leHO na 1968 p. Ilsoro poxy 6yJlo 3anJlaHOBaHO BeJlI1KJ.li1 nacryn HB3C ra BRA, HKHH MaB npHHeCTH nepeuory Haa APB Ta 'ii COI03HJ.fKaMH. Ilopan 3 lIHM cnin Bi1l3HaQl1TJ.1, uio uanepenomri nacryny y 1966 p., AJlH Iliaaenuoro B'eTHaMY llPB 6yJlH nanpyxosani rpourosi 3HaKH - 6aHKHOTH oaHKY B'€THaMY. O'leBH.QHo, niBHi'lHOB'€THaMCbKe KepiBHHlITBO p03rJlHllaJIO KiJlbKa sapiaaris HaJIarO.Q)l(eHHH CHCTeMH rpoiuosoro ofiiry niB.QH5I 3aJIe)I(H0 Bm pesynsraria BiHCbKOBHX niH.

Y CBilTO TeT - B'€THaMCbKl1H HOBHH pix - snasni CJ.lJlH aTaKYBaJIH nonaa 100 MicT Ta

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Cnin 3a3Ha'lI1TI1, mo cneuiansni rrmp03.1(UU!

APB Ta APMU CIlIA B pavxax nponaranncuorx saxoais llIl1POKO BI1KOPI1CTOBYBaJIl1 p03rrOBCIO.l()KeHID! <paJIbIllI1BI1X rpourea )J,PB. Ha HI1X P03MimyBaJII1Cb TeKCTI1 ra 306p([)I(eHHH, uro MaJIl1 naraurronysaru naceneans rrpOTI1 B'£TKOHry ra 3yMOBI1TI1.1(e3epTl1pCTBO HOro 6iHUiB. MO)!(Ha ranarn, uio nnrrycx rpOIllOBI1X 3HaKiB l(K Hct>BITB 060B'H3KOBO He 3aJII1Il111BCH 6 nosa ysaroio caliroacsxax ra aMepl1KaHCbKl1X nponaraaancris, 36inbWI1BllJI1 i 6e3 roro 3Ha'lHY KinbKicTb Ix npyxoeanoi nponyxuii,

Bl1Be.l(eHHH Y 1973 p. aMepl1KaHCbKI1X BiilCbK 3 B'£THaMY 6yno nepuma KPOKOM.I(O nepexom y UiH Kpallii KOM)'HicTiB. ITpoTHroM .l(BOX poKiB BHA ra HB3C nposimmo sa nponimticio 3aXOITnIOBaJII1 IliB.I(eHHI1H B'£THaM. Ilpo «BI13BOneHb paHOHI1», HK paainre, MOBa B)I(e He muna. BiHHa saximanaca

30 KBiTHH 1975 p. 3aXOITneHHHM cronnui PB CaHrOHY.

Y 1975 p. ypH.I(OM crsopenoi KOMYHicTaMI1 Pecrry6niKM IIiB.I(eHHI1H B'£THaM HK nepexiaai rpourosi 3HaKl1.1(O 06'£.I(HaHHH eKOHOMilJHI1X CI1CTeM IIiBHO'li ra IIiB.I(HH 6yno BBe.l(eHO B ofiir 6aHKH0Tl1 EaHKY B'£THaMY .l(PYKY 1966 p. 3BH'laHHO, uio B UI1X yMOBax rpomosi 3HaKI1 l(K Hct>BITB B)I(e He 6ynl1 Bl1rrYllleHi.

OT)I(e, icropis rpOIllOBI1X 3HaKiB l(eHTpaJIbHOrO KOMiTeTY Hanioaansnoro <pPOHry BI13BOneHHH IIiB.I(eHHOrO B'£THaMY - uiKaBI1H npl1KJIa,I( BITnl1.By 06CTaBI1H BiilHI1 na <pOPMYBaHHH rpO[]]OBOrO 06iry y rearpi BO£HHI1X .l(iiI.

MicTe'lOK IIiB.I(eHHOrO B'£THaMY. ATaKYIO'li .l(OCHfnH rreBHI1X ycrtixis, ane y BiHCbKOBOMY BmHOllJeHHi TeTcbKHH nacryn 3aKiH'lI1BCH )J)U! B'£TKOHry ra BHA rrOBHI1M rrpOBaJIOM. 3Ha'lHi BTpaTI1 (sa rreBHI1MI1 nmpaXYHKaMI1, JII111Je

37 TI1C. B6HTI1MI1) npnaaenr uasirs no roro, uto 3 1969 p. pH.I(11 B'£TKoHry nonOBHIOBaJII1CH nepeaaxno sa paxynox npnsosy y IIiBHi'lHOMY B'£THaMi. TaKl1M 'lI1HOM, 6iHUi ct>pOHTY ra MelliKaHui KOHTpOJIbOBaHI1X HI1MI1 paaonin y 1968 p. TaK i He rr06a'lHnI1 csoix rpouies.

Ipouroai 3HaKH l(K Hct>BITB 3HaHllJnl1 CBO£ 3aCTOCYBaHHH ax y 1970 p., ane B)I(e aMepI1KaHUHMI1. ITOPM 3 rrpl1'l11HaMI1, uto He .l(aBaJIl1 BBeCTI1 Ix B ofiir paniiue, ue OCTaTO'lHO YHeMO)l(Jll1BHnO Ix BI1KOpl1CTaHHH B'£TKoHroM.

ITPOTHroM )J,pyrOI BiHHI1 B IH.I\oKHTal TaKTI1Ka B'£TKOHry nOJIHraJIa y TOMy, uio noro OCHOBHi 6a311 6yJll1 p03Ta[]]OBaHi n06JII13Y KOP.l(OHiB )J,PB, PB, KaM60,ll,)Ki Ta JIaocy, npH'loMY aa reparopii ycix 'lOTI1PbOX nepxas. Tyr xe nponarana Tpona Xo IIIi Mina, HaHOCH'lH ynap» no nopory, rrapruaaun cnoxinuo nepexonann KOP.l(OH, cnpaaeanaso p03paXOBYIO'lH, uto aMepl1KaHui He rtinyrs na nourapenus KOH<pJIiKry na repnropiio cycianix 3 IIiB.I(eHHHM B'£THaMOM nepxas,

KaM60.l()l(ii!cbKHH KOPOJIb HapO.l(OM CiaHYK nasipyaaa Mj)!( )J,PB ra CIlIA, .l(03BOJIHIO'l11 nepuria 6Y.I\YBaTl1 na CBOlH Tepl1TOpU iH<ppaCTpYKTYPY B'£TKOHry, a .l(pyrl1M Ii 60M6ap.I\YBaTI1. Ilpore, y 6epe3Hi 1970 p. BiH 6ys YCYHYTI1H Em BJIa,I(l1 npex'ep-ainicrpox JIOH HOJIOM. HOBI1H YPM pi3KO XI1THYBCH Y 6iK CrrOJIY'leHI1X IIITaTiB - 3a60pOHI1B nisaisuoB'£THaMUHM KOpl1CTYBaTI1CH noprox Ciaayxaina, sepes HKI1H nepenpannsnaca BaHTOO B'£TKOHry, Ta 3aHBI1B, uio y

HaH6JIIDK'IoMY MaH6yrHbOMY BH)I(eHe IX 3 HaCI1.I()KeHI1X MicUb na B'£THaMCbKOKaM60,ll,)KiHcbKOMY KOP.l(OHi. Y BmnOBmb KOM)'HicTI1 posropaymt ycrriIllHI1H nacryn na CTOnl1UIO KaM60!DKi ITHoMneHb. Y Ilenraroni 3P03YMinl1, IlJ,0 6e3 CTOpOHHboro BTpyqaHHH JIOH Hon ra HOro rrp03axi,l1H11i1 YP5!.l( npapeseni. M)I(e HKll(O 6 KaM60.I()Ka anana «B 06iHMI1 KOMYHicTiB», BOHa rrepersopanaca 6 na O.l(I1H BeJII1'le3HHH rafiip B'£TKOHry.

I TpaBID! 1970 p. cyxonyrni ra noairpanonecannd BiHCbKa CIlIA i APB npn MacoBaHiti: rri.l(Tpl1MUi BITC Ta BMC CIlIA parrroso BTOprJll1CH ua repnropuo KaM60!DKi. ITm 'lac pei1.l(y COlO3HI1KH 3aXOrrHnH 6araTO 36pOI, CrrOpH.l()KeHHH ra .l(OKYMeHTiB. )J,o Ix PYK nOTpanl1JII1 TaKO)l( saasui CYMI1 rpOIllOBI1X 3HaKiB l(K Hct>BITB. 3Ha'iHY ix xinsxien, HOMiHaJIOM Y 50 KCY 3aXOrrl1JIa 173-51 urrypuosa renixonrepna eCKa,I(pHnbH APMil CIlIA 3 n03HBHI1M «Robin Hoods» (<P06iH rY.l(I1»).

IIpoTHroM B'£THaMCbKOI BiliHM BiilcbKOBi CIlIA llJJ1pOKO 3acTocoBYSaJIl1 TaKHti: MeTO.l( ncuxonorisnoi BiliHM, HK 3aJIJ1Il1eHHH aa noni 6010 Ha3BI1 'laCTHHI1 'lH 3'£.I(HaHHH, HKe HaHeCJIO BTpaTI1 sopory 3l(i£1O MeTOIO ua rpyrtu BOPO)l(l1X COMaT KJIaJII1 TaK 3BaHi «KapTl1 cMepTi» - rpansni xapra, cneuianmi KapTKH TOmO 3 Bi,l(nOBmHl1Ml1 Ha.I(III1CaMH Ta 306pa)l(eHIDlMH. Eirtui 173-01 eCKa,I(pHnbl, KpiM roro, ruo 3aJI1111111Jll1 cotii 6aHKHoTI1 5!K cyaenipn, TaKO)l( KJIaJII1 Ix na rpyrm B'£TKoHriBUiB, nonepeamo nOCTaBI1BllJl1. na HI1X nesarxy 3 Ha.I(III1COM «COMPLIMENTS OF 173RD AHC THE ROBIN HOODS»-

"BiTaHHH Bm173-01 IIIrE «P06iH ry.l(l1». ITPOTHfOM Bifurn CIlIA Y B'£THaMi BHfa,l(Ka «P06iH rY.l(iB» 6yna £.I(HHI1M Bl1I1a,1(KOM BHrOTOBJIeHHH 3 rpomen «KapT cvepri».

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