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Millennium Village Project Malawi

Millennium Village Project Malawi

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Published by Amol Shinde

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Published by: Amol Shinde on Jul 12, 2010
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Millennium Village Project Malawi

Key Activities
YEAR: 1
Key Activities: 

 

Distribute subsidized fertilizer and improved seeds and train farmers in improved techniques Distribute long-lasting, insecticide- treated bed nets and provide training on proper use Begin rehabilitation and construction of schools, health clinics and water points

Outcomes: 

 

Increased food security through increased staple crop yields Decreased prevalence of malaria Improved key facilities

YEAR: 2
Key Activities: 

 

Introduce crop diversification and link farmers to local markets for crop sales Expand locally-sourced school meals program using new crop surpluses Expand disease control for HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and other tropical diseases

Outcomes: 

  

Increased production of higher value and more nutritious crops Increased school attendance Reduced child mortality and maternal mortality rates Improved health care and disease control

YEAR: 3, 4, 5
Key Activities: 

   

Expand access to agricultural finance and promote business development Extend the electricity grid (where possible) and introduce alternative energy sources Construct and maintain roads Initiate piped water systems and large scale irrigation projects Establish and improve mobile telephone and internet connection

Outcomes: 

  

Increased self-financing of agricultural inputs Growth in local business and entrepreneurship Greater access to energy, improved transport and information and communication technologies (ICT) Achievement of Millennium Development Goals for child mortality, education, environment, health, gender equality, maternal mortality and

water

Budget Model

Financial Contributions from Key Stakeholders

Budget Allocation by Sector

Sustainability and cost
The Millennium Village financing model is built on the premise that, with modest support, Millennium Village economies can transition from subsistence farming to self-sustaining commercial activity. Funding and implementing a Millennium Village is a shared effort among the Millennium Villages project, donors, NGOs, local and national governments, and the village community itself. Each Millennium Village requires a modest investment of $300,000 per year for five years. This includes a cost of $250,000 per village per year (5,000 villagers per village multiplied by $50 per villager) and an additional $50,000 per village per year to cover logistical and operational costs associated with implementation, community training, and monitoring and evaluation. The other $60 per villager per year comes from village members, local and national governments and partner organizations, making for total funding of $110 per person per year. The Government of Japan (through its Human Security Trust Fund) and private philanthropic donors (through the Earth Institute at Columbia University) provided the financing the first set of Millennium Villages, reaching some 60,000 people. The project can be taken to broad scale since the financing needs for the Millennium Villages are fully in line with global commitments to increased official development assistance (ODA). The per capita support to each village is consistent with the international target of 0.7% of rich countries' GNI in official development assistance. This target was agreed at the 2002 Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development and has been reaffirmed at the 2005 World Summit. The EU-15 countries have all committed themselves to achieving the 0.7% target by no later than 2015. Moreover, the G8 countries committed at their 2005 Gleneagles Summit to provide $50 billion per year in ODA to Africa by 2010, which is equivalent to roughly $70 per African per year and again entirely consistent with the budget framework for the Millennium Villages. The G8 leaders also recently reaffirmed this commitment at the 2007 summit in Heiligendamm

Local Ownership
Critical to the sustainability of the Millennium Villages is the need to empower the entire community, including women and vulnerable groups, by building local technical, administrative, and entrepreneurial capacity. In conjunction with improved health and education, this transformation encourages women and men to establish their own businesses, to take advantage of microfinance and micro-enterprise opportunities and to explore income earning possibilities beyond farming. Participatory, community-led decision-making is central to the way Millennium Villages work and is also fundamental to sustainability. Establishing community agreement to become one of the Millennium Villages sites takes place through a series of discussions with elected and appointed officials, community committees, and open forums at the local level. Discussions entail a description of the MDGs, a brief summary of the UN Task Force Recommendations for meeting the MDGs, and the concept behind the Millennium Villages project. This village dialogue is a means of assuring transparency and carries through the course of the entire project. Once agreement is established, specific committees and community members begin the process of identifying and evaluating project possibilities with the support of a scientific team and local partners. Together they create a package of village-specific project initiatives that are deemed most appropriate and cost effective. They also produce a community action plan for implementing and managing these projects. All along, Millennium Villages fosters and empowers democratic practices, and actively promotes gender equality in decision-making and allocation of resources. On-site facilitators in community management and oversight, agriculture and the environment, and health and infrastructure are hired through the village budget. Wherever possible these facilitators are seconded from line ministries or hired locally. A training center is also established in the community. Technical capacity building, beginning at the onset of implementation, provides villagers with the skills they need to sustain the project initiatives in the long-term. Training courses for health and nutrition, agricultural and environment, energy and transport services, water resources and sanitation, and business and communications provide villagers with the skills they need in each area.

National government participation is also key to the success of Millennium Villages. Villages are initiated only in countries where national leadership supports and engages with the program. Agreeing on cost sharing from the outset and making sure the program is consistent with broader national development plans ensures that governments are full partners in the project in both the short- and long-term.

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