A transformer can be a long piece of iron with wire having with AC current going through it and wrapped around the piece of iron near one end. It also has wire that creates electrical current wrapped around it at the other end. A more common configuration is a square or donut shaped iron core with the wire wrapping on both sides.

Transformer changes voltage
Output proportional to turns
The strength of the magnetic field is proportion to the input voltage and t he number of turns around the core (called the primary coil). By reversing the rule, the output voltage is proportional to the strength of the changing magnetic field and the number of turns (called the secondary coil). For example, if you wanted to increase your house voltage from 110 volts (110V) to 220V in order to power your electric stove, you could use a transformer with twice the turns in the secondary coil as in the primary coil. The relationship is written as: input volts / input turns = output vol ts / output turns 110V / 5 turns = 22 = 220V / 10 turns

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