Musakhel District Facts and Figures

1 2 3 Year of establishment Tehsil/District Total Area Location Musakhel became Tehsil in 1903 and after 89 years it became District in 1992 5727 sq. Km. Musakhel district located in the north-eastern border of Balochistan on latitude: N: 30.91667: 69.91667 longitudes. In the west Loralai district, in south Zhob and DI Khan (KPK) in the east Tonsa (Punjab) in soth Barkhan district. Musakhel, Drug and Kingri Sali Archeological sites, Safar Valley and Archeological sites, Sali and Torghar Forests, Shinghar and Surghar Wildlife, Toi Stream and Gokar Dam for game and Migratory birds. Thick forests areas, Hills and plains, High mountains, huge grass lands Summer: 300C to 400 C; Winter 10 C 200 C: Average Annual Temperature is 30 0C Between 350 to 400 mm; rains mainly in monsoon season (Jun-Oct) 134,056 5.1 Pashtu, Jafarki, Sirayaki, Urdu and Balochi Islam Suleman Markhor, Afghan Urial, Leopard, Hyena, Imperial Eagle, Houbara Bustard, Vultures. Carraluma edulus (Pamangi), Withenia coagulus (Khamzora) seed, Acacia modesta (Palosa) Gum, Pinus roxbergii (Chalghoza )gum and Fruit, Olea ferrugina (Zaitoon) Fruit and Leaves, Pistacia khinjuk (Shina) fruit and gum), Gargool Fruit, Zizipus Oxiphylla (Karkana) Fruit, Z. Jojba (Ber) Fruit, Hailanai Fruit. Pinus Roxbergii (Chalghoza), Pinus gerradiana (Chalghoza), Tecumela undulate(Raodaiwan), Olea (Showan), Pistacia9Shrawan), Acacia (Palosa). Haloxylon Gurgul, Euphorbia, Salsola, Suaeda, Inula, , Heliotropium, , Capparis, Salicornia, Zygophylum, Lycium, Tamarix. Withenea Arranged by parents [Generally within tribes & relatives]. Average between 12 to 16 years for girls, 15-20 years for boys. Joint family system prevalent Between Rs 10,000 to Rs18,000. Livestock, Agriculture, Labor Wage, Small Business and Govt service. Male-dominated. 10 tribes: Bel Khel, Laharzai, Essot, Jaffar, Zimri & Buzdar, are main tribes in the District. Inter-tribe feuds are common. If they occur the local tribal leaders[Sardars] resolve the feuds. 19% men and women Fetching water, feeding animals, collecting fuel wood, cooking food, looking after children. Hepatitis, Jaundice. Other women health problems are pre and post-natal complications. Diarrhea, Malaria. One DHQ Hospital, 5 Basic Health Unit exists in the District. Water supply, Ponds, open surface wells, spring and stream; Olea and Acacia twigs and branches commonly used. Musakhail District total livestock 1497929

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Tehsils Historical, archeological features Landscapes Summer and winter days temp. Annual average rainfall Total Population 1998 Average household size Language spoken Religion Red Data Species Commercial Plant species

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Important trees Typical bushes, shrubs and herbs Marriage system Marriage age Family system Average annual household income Primary income source Nature of society Number of tribes Tribal and social conflicts Literacy rate Common women activities Common health problems adults Common health problems children Medical facility Source of water Source of fuel wood Total livestock population 1998 Livestock category/ population Common livestock Common livestock diseases Pressure on Biodiversity

Cattle’s, 99485, Sheep’s 703882, Goats 447014, Camels 20606, Horses 173, Asses 2884 and Poultry 22884, Cattles, Goats, sheep, camels, donkeys and cattle. Diarrhea, liver fluke, foot and mouth diseases. Habitat conversion for agriculture, hunting, grazing, fuel wood, water & Mazri extraction Compiled by: Mohammad Yahya Musakhel Field Biologist 2008 akyahya@gmail.com