Gradient & Area Under a Graph

Quantity Represented by the Gradient of a Graph Quantity Represented by the Area Under a Graph

Quantity Represented by the Gradient of a Graph
Rate of change of the quantity on vertical axis

with respect to the quantity on the horizontal axis
Distance (meter)

Time (second)

Formula to Calculate Gradient

Methode 1 =

Horizontal distance Time (second)

Vertical distance

Di st an ce (m et er )

Formula to Calculate Gradient
Method 2 =
Di st an ce (m et er )

Q (x2,y2)

P (x1,y1) Time (second)

Calculating the Speed from the Distance-Time Graph
 When the gradient of a distance-time graph

calculated, You are calculating the speed
 gradient of a distance-time graph = speed

Distance-Time Graph
 Hanifwalk from his office to canteen for some

refreshment. After finish his drink, he get back to his office to continue his work. The distance-time graph can be draw according to the story

D i n ce -Ti e G ra p h sta m
Hanif travel from his office to canteen Hanif take a break at canteen

Di st an ce (m et er )

Hanif go back to his office

Time (second)

Quantity Represented by the Area Under a Graph
 Area under a graph is the product of quantity

in Y-axis with X-axis.
 Area under a speed-time graph = distance 

Speed-Time Graph
Gradient is positive, it is accelerating sp ee Horizontal, constant speed d ms
-1

Negative gradient, decreasing speed

Time (s)

Good Luck

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