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Table of content

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………….……………...1
Aquatic
physics………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………..……...1
Relative
density……………………………………………………………………………………………………
…….…………...2

Buoyancy………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………….………....2
Hydrostatic
pressure………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………....2

Thermodynamics………………………………………………………………………………………
………………….……..….3

Metacenter………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………….…………...3
Reynolds'
theory……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……….……...3
Turbulence
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………...3
Prandth
theorm……………………………………………………………………………………………………
……….....….4

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Froud-zahmas
experiment………………………………………………………………………………………………
..……4
Adjustment to
water……………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………4
Mental
adjustment………………………………………………………………………………………………
….…………....5
Balance
restoration………………………………………………………………………………………………
.……………..5
Physiological effects of immersion in
water…………………………………………………………..……….…..5
Cardiovascular effects……………………………………………………………………….
…………………………….……..6
Renal
effects……………………………………………………………………………………....................
.....................6
Physiological effects of excising in
water……………………………………………………………………………..7
Pschologaical
effects…………………………………………………………………………............................
..............7
Therapeutic
effects…………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….….8
Methods in practicing hydrotherapy……………………………….
…………………………………………………..8
Bad Ragaz ring
method…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…….….8

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Haliwick
method………………………………………………………………………………........................
..................8
WATSU…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………….…9
Absoulate
contraindications………………………………………………………………………………
……………….…9
Relative
contraindications...............................................................................................
...........……....9
Percuations………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………..10
Assessment
…………………………………………………………………………………………...
………………………………..10
Assessment of density and shape………………………………………….
…………………………………….…….…….10
Appropriateness of group
activity……………………………………………………………………………………......10
Oxford Scale for Muscle Strenght………………………………………………………..
……………………………….11
Muscle tone……………………………………………………………………………………...
………………………………..11
Breath
control………………………………………………………………………………………...
………………………….11
Percentage weight
bearing…………………………………………………………………...................................
……11
Recording……………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………..……………...12

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Literature review regarding effectiveness of
hydrotherapy……………………………………………….12
Aquatic physical therapy for hip and knee osteoarthritis: results of a single –
blind randomized controlled
trial………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………….12
Aqua lymphatic therapy in women who suffer from breast cancer treatment-
related lymphedema: a randomized controlled
trial………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…..13
The effect of aquatic therapy on postural balance and muscle strength in
stroke survivor – randomized control
trial………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……….13
Hydrotherapy added to endurance training versus endurance training alone in
elderly patients with chronic heart failure: a randomized pilot
study……………………………………………………………………………….14
Assessment of the effects of aquatic therapy on global symptomatology in the
patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: a randomized controlled
trial……………………………………………………………………..14
Implications………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………….15
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………15
References ……………………………………………….……………………………………….
…………………………………….17

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